Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.454
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130651, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392117

RESUMO

Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and BSA-glucose conjugates (GBSAⅠ and GBSAⅠI) with different extent of glycation were complexed with curcumin (CUR). The formation mechanism of BSA/GBSA-CUR complexes and the effect of glycation on their physicochemical properties were investigated. Fluorescence quenching and FTIR analysis indicated that the BSA/GBSA-CUR nanocomplexes were formed mainly by hydrophobic interactions. XRD analysis demonstrated that CUR was present in an amorphous state in the nanocomplexes. BSA with a greater extent of glycation (BSA < GBSAⅠ

Assuntos
Curcumina , Glicosilação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Soroalbumina Bovina
2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1318-1323, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782577

RESUMO

Oscillating field stimulation (OFS) is a potential method for treating spinal cord injury. Although it has been used in spinal cord injury (SCI) therapy in basic and clinical studies, its underlying mechanism and the correlation between its duration and nerve injury repair remain poorly understood. In this study, we established rat models of spinal cord contusion at T10 and then administered 12 weeks of OFS. The results revealed that effectively promotes the recovery of motor function required continuous OFS for more than 6 weeks. The underlying mechanism may be related to the effects of OFS on promoting axon regeneration, inhibiting astrocyte proliferation, and improving the linear arrangement of astrocytes. This study was approved by the Animal Experiments and Experimental Animal Welfare Committee of Capital Medical University (supplemental approval No. AEEI-2021-204) on July 26, 2021.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(45): e27698, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, researchers have emphasised on the clinical therapeutic effects of pulsed-radiofrequency combined with blockade to treat chronic migraine (CM) patients. However, there are controversial results. Therefore, the authors conduct the proposed research to assess the efficacy of pulsed-radiofrequency combined with blockade to teat CM patients. METHODS: The authors will perform a comprehensive literature search on the following online-based databases from establishment till October 2021: Web of Science, EMBASE, PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Cochrane library, and WanFang database. We will consider all randomized controlled trials of pulsed-radiofrequency combined with blockade for CM for inclusion. There won't be any language constraints. Following the search, a pair of reviewers will independently screen and choose related articles to include in the meta-analysis. The Cochrane risk of bias tool will be used to assess the systematic value of all included randomized controlled trials. The study will utilize the risk ratio, mean differences, or standardized mean differences and their 95% confidence intervals to perform an estimation of the pooled mean effect size. Lastly, the authors will employ funnel plot, Egger test, and sensitivity analysis to determine and describe possible heterogeneity. RESULTS: The authors will publish the results in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The proposed study will be the first to evaluate the effectiveness of pulsed-radiofrequency combined with blockade in the treatment of patients with CM. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since the proposed study is a systematic review of published studies, an ethics approval is not needed. REGISTRATION NUMBER: Oct 12, 2021.osf.io/d2wx3. (https://osf.io/d2wx3/).

5.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(45): 9844-9848, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751698

RESUMO

Two pairs of novel pentacyclic spermidine alkaloid enantiomers, (±)-orychoviolines A and B ((±)-1 and (±)-2), were isolated from the seeds of Orychophragmus violaceus and represented the first example of a 2-piperidinone-fused hydrodibenzofuran skeleton, constructed from a 6/5/6/6 tetracyclic system and an 18 atomic ring. The most unexpected novelty was the formation of one more piperidinone ring by a connection between C-6 and N-7. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopic analyses, X-ray crystallography, and ECD analysis. Compared to Ex-RAD (sodium salt of 4-carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone), (-)-1 exhibited a significant radioprotective effect on cell survival and DNA damage. (-)-1 also exhibited remarkable anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of NO in RAW 264.7 cells activated by lipopolysaccharide with an IC50 value of 20.3 ± 1.58 µM, which was equivalent to that of dexamethasone.

6.
J Neuroimmunol ; 362: 577778, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814011

RESUMO

D-mannose (D-m) is a glucose epimer found in natural products, especially fruits. In mouse models of diabetes and airway inflammation, D-m supplementation via drinking water attenuated pathology by modifying cellular energy metabolism, leading to the activation of latent transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), which in turn induced T regulatory cells (Tregs). Given that Tregs are important in controlling neuroinflammation in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and likely in multiple sclerosis (MS), we hypothesized that D-m could also suppress EAE. We found that D-m delayed disease onset and reduced disease severity in two models of EAE. Importantly, D-m treatment prevented relapses in a relapsing-remitting model of EAE, which mimics the most common clinical manifestation of MS. EAE suppression was accompanied by increased frequency of CD4+FoxP3+ Tregs in the central nervous system, suggesting that EAE suppression resulted from Treg cell induction by D-m. These findings suggest that D-m has the potential to be a safe and low-cost complementary therapy for MS.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 747075, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819857

RESUMO

In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have become the standard treatment option for tumors. With the widespread application of ICIs, immune-related adverse events (irAEs) have gradually attracted the attention of researchers. Owing to the characteristics of ICIs, irAEs can affect each organ of the human body. Thromboembolism is uncommon in cancer patients receiving ICIs, but it may affect their survival. Most thromboembolic events do not cause serious effects after early prediction and treatment, but life-threatening toxic reactions are also observed. This condition should not be ignored because of vague and atypical symptoms, which make early diagnosis more challenging. This article focuses on the high-risk factors, underlying mechanisms, incidence, and prognosis of thromboembolism in patients using ICIs and briefly describes the intervention and treatment measures. This information would allow patients to effectively manage the side effects of thromboembolism during Immune checkpoint inhibitors treatment, ensuring the efficacy of ICIs and reducing mortality.

8.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(19): 1503, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805365

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed at comprehensively analyzing ferroptosis regulation and its potential role in the treatment of associated diseases. Background: Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of cell death that involves small molecule-induced oxidative cell death. This process is usually accompanied by large amounts of iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation. Ferroptosis inducers directly or indirectly affect glutathione peroxidase (GPXs) through different pathways. Disturbances in GPXs result in suppressed cellular antioxidant capacities, accumulation of lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative cell death. It has been reported that ferroptosis is closely associated with the pathophysiological processes of many diseases, including tumors, nervous system diseases, ischemia-reperfusion injury, kidney injury and iron metabolism diseases among others. Methods: First, we reviewed the mechanisms of ferroptosis, with emphasis on the characteristics and functions of ferroptosis in multiple pathways. Then, inducers and inhibitors of ferroptosis were reviewed, and their mechanisms of action elucidated. Finally, ferroptosis-associated pathophysiological processes of various diseases were reviewed. Conclusions: Ferroptosis is associated with the occurrence and development of various diseases. Elucidation of the mechanisms involved in ferroptosis will inform new therapeutic targets and strategies for these diseases.

9.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812818

RESUMO

Topology modulation of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) still remains barely explored, probably due to the lack of appropriate building blocks. A "two-in-one" strategy applies bifunctional monomers to endow ideal stoichiometry and has recently demonstrated great potential in the facile preparation of highly crystalline two-dimensional (2D) COFs with different topologies. Herein, we employ this approach to modulate the topology of 2D COFs by varying the solvents or the monomer concentrations. To our delight, 2D COFs featuring a Kagome (kgm) lattice with both hexagonal and triangular dual pores (DP) or featuring a rhombic square (sql) single pore (SP) structure can be selectively formed by varying the solvents. Furthermore, adjusting the monomer concentrations also successfully tuned the topology of the COFs. In addition, the highly porous dual-pore COF showed potential applications for controlled drug delivery.

10.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779644

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common internal reversible modification of mRNA, which occurs on the N6 nitrogen of adenosine. Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) is a demethylase that erases m6A modification and has recently been linked to cancer. Herein, we explored the role of FTO in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). High FTO mRNA and protein levels were observed in OSCC cell lines and tissues as compared to normal controls. OSCC patients with high FTO displayed larger tumor size, higher TNM stage, poorer differentiation, and shorter survival time than those with low FTO. Stable knockdown of FTO inhibited OSCC cell viability, colony formation, and tumor growth. Further, FTO depletion increased YAP1 m6A modification at mRNA 3'-untranslated region, accelerating the degradation of YAP1 mRNA, a well-documented oncogene promoting OSCC progression. Importantly, nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of FTO is critical for YAP1 mRNA demethylation and decay following YTHDF2 reading and recognition. Our results highlight the role of FTO in regulating YAP1 mRNA stability, and targeting of FTO/YAP1 axis may be a promising intervention for OSCC patients.

11.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 103, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719679

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the genetic factors partly influence the development of same-sex sexual behavior, but most genetic studies have focused on people of primarily European ancestry, potentially missing important biological insights. Here, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) with a total sample of 1478 homosexual males and 3313 heterosexual males in Han Chinese populations and identified two genetic loci (rs17320865, Xq27.3, FMR1NB, Pmeta = 8.36 × 10-8, OR = 1.29; rs7259428, 19q12, ZNF536, Pmeta = 7.58 × 10-8, OR = 0.75) showing consistent association with male sexual orientation. A fixed-effect meta-analysis including individuals of Han Chinese (n = 4791) and European ancestries (n = 408,995) revealed 3 genome-wide significant loci of same-sex sexual behavior (rs9677294, 2p22.1, SLC8A1, Pmeta = 1.95 × 10-8; rs2414487, 15q21.3, LOC145783, Pmeta = 4.53 × 10-9; rs2106525, 7q31.1, MDFIC, Pmeta = 6.24 × 10-9). These findings may provide new insights into the genetic basis of male sexual orientation from a wider population scope. Furthermore, we defined the average ZNF536-immunoreactivity (ZNF536-ir) concentration in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) as lower in homosexual individuals than in heterosexual individuals (0.011 ± 0.001 vs 0.021 ± 0.004, P = 0.013) in a postmortem study. In addition, compared with heterosexuals, the percentage of ZNF536 stained area in the SCN was also smaller in the homosexuals (0.075 ± 0.040 vs 0.137 ± 0.103, P = 0.043). More homosexual preference was observed in FMR1NB-knockout mice and we also found significant differences in the expression of serotonin, dopamine, and inflammation pathways that were reported to be related to sexual orientation when comparing CRISPR-mediated FMR1NB knockout mice to matched wild-type target C57 male mice.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 740902, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621244

RESUMO

Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) has been associated with insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) impairs fetal insulin sensitivity. Female newborns are more insulin resistant than male newborns. We sought to evaluate the association between GDM and cord blood FABP4, and explore potential sex dimorphic associations and the roles of sex hormones. This was a nested case-control study in the Shanghai Birth Cohort, including 153 pairs of newborns in GDM vs. euglycemic pregnancies matched by infant sex and gestational age at delivery. Cord plasma FABP4, leptin, total and high-molecular-weight adiponectin, testosterone and estradiol concentrations were measured. Adjusting for maternal and neonatal characteristics, cord plasma FABP4 (Mean ± SD: 27.0 ± 19.6 vs. 18.8 ± 9.6 ng/mL, P=0.045) and estradiol (52.0 ± 28.6 vs. 44.2 ± 26.6, ng/mL, P=0.005) concentrations were higher comparing GDM vs. euglycemic pregnancies in males, but similar in females (all P>0.5). Mediation analyses showed that the positive association between GDM and cord plasma FABP4 in males could be partly mediated by estradiol (P=0.03), but not by testosterone (P=0.72). Cord plasma FABP4 was positively correlated with total adiponectin in females (r=0.17, P=0.053), but the correlation was in the opposite direction in males (r=-0.11, P=0.16) (test for difference in r, P=0.02). Cord plasma FABP4 was not correlated with leptin in both sexes. The study is the first to demonstrate sex-dimorphic associations between GDM and cord plasma FABP4 or estradiol, and between FABP4 and adiponectin in newborns. GDM may affect fetal circulating FABP4 and estradiol levels in males only.

14.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(20)2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683709

RESUMO

Cold-rolled EA4T steel was heat-treated by inter-critical holding at 755 °C for 90, 120, 180, and 240 s, respectively, and then quenching in water. The tensile testing results of the EA4T specimens show an evident transition from the discontinuous yielding to the continuous yielding of the steel specimens by prolonging the holding time. A novel relationship between the discontinuous yielding behavior of tensile-deformed steel specimens and the carbide size was proposed based on experimental results and Cottrell's theory. The model may provide a new clue for avoiding discontinuous yielding and improving mechanical properties of metals with static strain aging behaviors.

15.
Open Med (Wars) ; 16(1): 1378-1385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595351

RESUMO

Aim: Renal fibrosis (RF) is a common clinical condition leading to irreversible renal function loss. Tyrosine kinase proteins and microRNAs (miRs) are associated with pathogenesis and we aim to investigate the role of Fer and its partner miR(s) in RF. Method: In silico reproduction of Mouse Kidney FibrOmics browser was performed to identify potential miR(s) and target gene(s). In vivo validation was performed in C57BL/6 mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). In vitro validation was performed in rat kidney fibroblast NRK-49F cells. Mimics and inhibitors of miR-29c-3p were constructed. The target gene Fer was monitored by RT-PCR and western blotting. The levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in serum and media were measured by ELISA. Results: The Fer expression and protein level were gradually increased during 14 days of UUO modeling. miR-29c-3p expression was strongly correlated with that of Fer. In vivo validation showed increased expressions of fibrosis-associated genes and increased phospoho-Smad3 level in the UUO model. Fer-knockdown (KD) significantly decreased expressions of fibrosis-associated genes. Pharmaceutical inhibition of Fer showed similar effects to miR-29c-3p, and miR inhibition showed a significant decrease of excretion of inflammatory factors. Conclusion: Dysregulation of miR-29c-3p and Fer plays a role in RF. Pharmaceutical or genetic inhibition of Fer may serve as the potential treatment for RF.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(34): 18760-18769, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612414

RESUMO

In this study, using the first-principles method, we theoretically investigated the spin-dependent transport properties of a phthalocyanine (Pc) molecule, which is sandwiched between two zigzag-edged graphene nanoribbon (zGNR) electrodes. Owing to the spatial symmetry of the Pc molecule and spin splitting of zGNRs around Fermi energy, perfect spin filtering behavior is observed in designed molecular junctions. Meanwhile, the spin of electrons allowed through the device is right opposite to the spin polarization of zGNR electrodes. Further studies show that the spin filtering performance can be largely modulated by insetting different transition metal atoms (TM = Mn or Cr) into the central Pc molecule, and changing the spin-polarized direction of the TM atom leads to the spin filtering direction inversion. More intriguingly, the antiparallel magnetic configuration of two zGNR electrodes gives rise to the control of the conducting channel by bias polarization, which eventually leads to remarkable spin rectifying and giant magnetoresistance behaviors in transition metal phthalocyanine (TMPc) molecular junctions. The corresponding mechanisms are revealed by an analysis of spin-resolved transmission spectra, molecular projected self-consistent Hamiltonian and a projected density of states. These results are helpful in the design of TMPc-based multifunctional spin molecular devices.

17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(10): 105106, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717391

RESUMO

To propose a new method for real-time monitoring of blood pressure of blood loss (BPBL), this article combines pulse transit time (PTT) and heart rate variability (HRV) as input parameters to build a model for BPBL estimation. In this article, effective parameters such as PTT, R-R interval (RRI), and HRV were extracted and used to establish the blood pressure (BP) estimation. Three BP estimation models were created: the PTT model, the RRI model, and the HRV model, and they were divided into an experimental group and a control group. Finally, the effects of the different estimation models on the accuracy of BPBL were evaluated using the experimental results. The result showed that both the RRI model and the HRV model have a good improvement effect on the prediction accuracy of BPBL, and the HRV model has the highest prediction accuracy than the PTT model and the RRI model. The correlation coefficients between the actual systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) and the estimated SBP and DBP of the HRV model were 0.9580 and 0.9749, respectively, and the root-mean-square error of the HRV model for both SBP and DBP were 7.59 and 6.56 mmHg, respectively. The results suggest that the accuracy of the BPBL estimated by the HRV models is better than that of the PTT model, which means that HRV seems to be more effective in improving the accuracy of BP estimation compared with RRI. These results in this article provide a new idea for other researchers in the field of BPBL estimation research.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21056, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702848

RESUMO

During the blasting excavation of deep underground caverns, the effects of the structural surface on crack propagation are usually considered in addition to the clamping effects of high in situ stress. Based on the notched borehole and timing sequence control (TSC) fracture blasting method, this paper studies the effects of different borehole shapes on the degree of damage of the surrounding rock and profile flatness of the rock anchor beams and the effects of different filled joint characteristics on the blasting crack propagation rules. The results show that the damage depth of the surrounding rocks by round hole smooth blasting is approximately twice that by notched hole smooth blasting, by which the profile formed is flatter. The notched primary borehole (PBH) remains a strong guidance for crack propagation in a rock mass with filled joints, while the stress concentration effects of the round target borehole (TBH) cannot fully guide the cracks until they fall within a certain distance between the PBH and TBH. It is favourable for cracks to propagate along the lines between boreholes with larger filled joint strengths and larger angles between boreholes.

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 1006, 2021 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707111

RESUMO

The c-Myc oncoprotein plays a prominent role in cancer initiation, progression, and maintenance. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recently emerging as critical regulators of the c-Myc signaling pathway. Here, we report the lncRNA USP2-AS1 as a direct transcriptional target of c-Myc. Functionally, USP2-AS1 inhibits cellular senescence and acts as an oncogenic molecule by inducing E2F1 expression. Mechanistically, USP2-AS1 associates with the RNA-binding protein G3BP1 and facilitates the interaction of G3BP1 to E2F1 3'-untranslated region, thereby leading to the stabilization of E2F1 messenger RNA. Furthermore, USP2-AS1 is shown as a mediator of the oncogenic function of c-Myc via the regulation of E2F1. Together, these findings suggest that USP2-AS1 is a negative regulator of cellular senescence and also implicates USP2-AS1 as an important player in mediating c-Myc function.

20.
Nature ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666339

RESUMO

Mare volcanics on the Moon are the key record of thermo-chemical evolution throughout most of lunar history1-3. Young mare basalts-mainly distributed in a region rich in potassium, rare-earth elements and phosphorus (KREEP) in Oceanus Procellarum, called the Procellarum KREEP Terrane (PKT)4-were thought to be formed from KREEP-rich sources at depth5-7. However, this hypothesis has not been tested with young basalts from the PKT. Here we present a petrological and geochemical study of the basalt clasts from the PKT returned by the Chang'e-5 mission8. These two-billion-year-old basalts are the youngest lunar samples reported so far9. Bulk rock compositions have moderate titanium and high iron contents  with KREEP-like rare-earth-element and high thorium concentrations. However, strontium-neodymium isotopes indicate that these basalts were derived from a non-KREEP mantle source. To produce the high abundances of rare-earth elements and thorium, low-degree partial melting and extensive fractional crystallization are required. Our results indicate that the KREEP association may not be a prerequisite for young mare volcanism. Absolving the need to invoke heat-producing elements in their source implies a more sustained cooling history of the lunar interior to generate the Moon's youngest melts.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...