Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 64
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 15, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonfusion fixation is an effective way to treat lumbar degeneration. In the present study, we analyzed the clinical effects and radiographic outcomes of the Isobar TTL system used to treat two-segment lumbar degenerative disease. METHOD: Forty-one patients diagnosed with two-segment lumbar degenerative disease underwent surgical implantation of the Isobar TTL dynamic stabilization system (n = 20) or a rigid system (n = 21) from January 2013 to June 2017. The mean follow-up time was 23.6 (range 15-37) months. Clinical results were evaluated with the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), modified Macnab criteria, and the visual analog score (VAS). Radiographic evaluations included the height of the intervertebral space and the range of motion (ROM) of the treated and adjacent segments. The intervertebral disc signal was classified using the modified Pfirrmann grading system and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) system. RESULTS: The clinical results, including the ODI and VAS, showed that there was significant improvement in the two groups after implantation and that the difference between the two groups was not significant. In addition, the clinical efficacy indicated by the modified Macnab criteria for the two groups was similar. Radiological outcomes included the height of the intervertebral space, lumbar mobility, and intervertebral disc signal. The height of the intervertebral space of the upper adjacent segment L2/3 in the rigid group was significantly lower than that in the Isobar TTL group at the last follow-up. Furthermore, the number of ROMs of the fixed-segment L3/4 in the Isobar TTL group was significantly less than that before implantation, suggesting that the fixed-segment ROMs in the Isobar TTL group were limited. In addition, the ROM of the upper adjacent segment L2/3 in the last follow-up of the rigid group increased significantly, while that of the Isobar TTL group did not change after implantation. Finally, the incidence of adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) was significantly greater in the rigid group than in the Isobar TTL group according to the UCLA system. CONCLUSION: The Isobar TTL system can be clinically effective for treating two-segment lumbar degenerative disease. Compared with rigid fixation, the Isobar TTL system yielded better radiographic outcomes and maintained the mobility of the treated segments with less impact on the proximal adjacent segment.

2.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a severe pancreatic disorder that remains associated with high mortality due to a lack of effective drugs and management strategies. This study aimed to investigate the molecular pathogenic mechanisms of AP involving p53 and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathways. METHODS: Expression of PRSS1 and p53 in human AP tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. AP was induced with caerulein in humanized PRSS1 transgenic mice, and its severity was verified by histological imaging, evaluation of edema, serum amylase, and trypsin activity assays. A transferase-mediated d-UTP nick end-labeling assay was performed to evaluate acinar cell apoptosis associated with AP. The expression of ER stress genes was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. RESULTS: PRSS1 and p53 were highly expressed in human AP tissues. Expression of human PRSS1 in caerulein-treated mice induced significant acinar cell apoptosis and AP progression. P53 knockout significantly suppressed AP progression in humanized PRSS1 transgenic mice. The ER stress pathway was activated by PRSS1 and mediated the progression of AP in mouse pancreatic tissues. Application of a p53 inhibitor effectively ameliorated caerulein-induced AP in PRSS1 transgenic mice, while a p53 activator promoted the progression of AP. CONCLUSION: P53, which was activated by the ER stress pathway, promoted the progression of AP in mice expressing PRSS1 by inducing acinar cell apoptosis.

4.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 29(6): 503-508, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800398

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Few authors have studied applying the laparoscopic approach in patients with previous upper abdominal operations, but no comparison has been made between laparoscopic and open approaches in patients with previous upper abdominal operations. This article aims to introduce surgical techniques and details in treatment to surgeons specialized in minimally invasive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2018, 460 eligible patients were divided into 3 groups and analyzed retrospectively. Group A: patients with a history of upper abdominal operations who underwent laparoscopy (n=124); group B: patients without a history of upper abdominal operations who underwent laparoscopy (n=140); and group C: patients with a history of upper abdominal operations who underwent an open operation (n=196). Group A was the experimental group; groups B and C served as the control groups. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between groups A and B. Significant differences were found between groups A and C in estimated blood loss (258.3±67.2 vs. 424.7±103.7 mL, P<0.001), postoperative hospitalization (5.7±2.3 vs. 10.2±3.1 d, P<0.001), and postoperative complications (16.1% vs. 42.9%, P=0.013). The final rate of stones clearance was 100% in 3 groups. The total rate of stone recurrence was 7.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy with certain surgical techniques was feasible, effective, and advantageous for patients with previous upper abdominal operations by experienced surgeons. It is necessary for surgeons to have advanced skills and surgical techniques to achieve a successful laparoscopy.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Concomitant occurrence of alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP) and alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) is rare with few reported cases. The present study aimed to identify the potential risk factors of chronic pancreatitis (CP) and liver cirrhosis (LC) in ALC patients and ACP patients, respectively. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 536 patients with CP and 647 ALC patients without CP (Group A). Among the 536 CP patients, 213 ACP cases were divided into two groups: ACP with LC (Group B, n = 52) and ACP without LC (Group C, n = 161). A comparison between Group A and B was carried out to identify the potential risk factors of CP in ALC patients, while Group B and C were compared to determine the independent risk factors of LC in ACP patients. RESULTS: Concomitant occurrence of ACP and ALC accounted for 24.4% (52/213) in this cohort. Significant risk factors for CP in ALC patients included smoking [odds ratio (OR), 2.557; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.531-5.489; P = 0.003] and multiple bouts of acute pancreatitis (OR, 4.813; 95% CI: 3.625-12.971; P < 0.001). Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OR, 4.237; 95% CI: 1.742-7.629; P = 0.012) was the only independent risk factor associated with LC in ACP patients. CONCLUSION: HBV infection exacerbated liver damage in ACP patients. Alcoholic patients who smoked and suffered from ongoing bouts of acute pancreatitis are prone to develop CP.

6.
Pancreas ; 48(9): 1148-1154, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of parecoxib in patients with different severities of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: A total of 772 eligible patients with AP were divided into 4 groups: mild and moderately AP (MAP) treated with parecoxib (group A, n = 236), MAP without parecoxib treatment (group B, n = 453), severe AP (SAP) treated with parecoxib (group C, n = 28), and SAP without parecoxib treatment (group D, n = 55). Patients in group A were exactly matched with patients in group B by propensity score matching, similar to the matching between group C and group D. RESULTS: The morbidity of abdominal infection in group A was significantly lower as compared with that in group B (P < 0.050). The progression of MAP to SAP significantly decreased in group A than group B (P < 0.050). No significant differences were observed between group C and group D. The risk factors independently related to the progression of MAP included alcoholic/high-fat dietary (P = 0.028) and parecoxib administration (P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Early administration of parecoxib could reduce the morbidity of complications among patients with MAP. Parecoxib may prevent the progression of MAP to SAP and improve its outcomes.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 662, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506423

RESUMO

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive, recurrent inflammatory disorder of the pancreas. Initiation and progression of CP can result from serine protease 1 (PRSS1) overaccumulation and the ensuing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. However, how ER stress pathways regulate the development and progression of CP remains poorly understood. In the present study we aimed to elucidate the ER stress pathway involved in CP. We found high expression of the ER stress marker genes ATF6, XBP1, and CHOP in human clinical specimens. A humanized PRSS1 transgenic mouse was established and treated with caerulein to mimic the development of CP, as evidenced by pathogenic alterations, collagen deposition, and increased expression of the inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α. ATF6, XBP1, and CHOP expression levels were also increased during CP development in this model. Acinar cell apoptosis was also significantly increased, accompanied by upregulated p53 expression. Inhibition of ATF6 or p53 suppressed the expression of inflammatory factors and progression of CP in the mouse model. Finally, we showed that p53 expression could be regulated by the ATF6/XBP1/CHOP axis to promote the development of CP. We therefore conclude that ATF6 signalling regulates CP progression by modulating pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis, which provides a target for ER stress-based diagnosis and treatment of CP.

8.
Opt Lett ; 44(4): 755-758, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767979

RESUMO

The tunable beam splitter (TBS) is a fundamental component used in optical experiments. A TBS can preserve the orbital angular momentum (OAM) states; in addition, the polarization states of photons are valuable for some particular experiments, such as high-dimensional quantum information processing. We use polarization beam splitters and half-wave plates to realize such a TBS under a compact structure, which can reduce the number of elements that require comparing with existing works. The experiments verify that the TBS has good performances in tunability, polarization, and OAM state preservation. A Sagnac interferometer is implemented with the proposed TBS to evaluate its practical usability, and the mean visibilities greater than 99.30% under varying polarization states demonstrate its potential for optical information processing.

9.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 18(1): 143, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) is a common complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. To our knowledge no study has systematically reported the risk factors for the formation, intervention and recurrence of PPC. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential risk factors for PPC, with regards to its formation, intervention and recurrence. METHODS: A database containing 5106 pancreatitis patients was retrospectively analyzed. As a result, a total of 4379 eligible patients were identified and divided into 2 groups: PPC group (group A, n = 759) and non-PPC group (group B, n = 3620). The PPC group was subdivided into 2 groups: intervention PPC (group C, n = 347) and resolution PPC (group D, n = 412). The differences in surgical complication and recurrence rates were compared among 347 PPC patients receiving different interventions, including surgical, endoscopic and percutaneous drainages. Furthermore, group C was subdivided into 2 groups: recurrent PPC (group E, n = 34) and non-recurrent PPC (group F, n = 313). All possible risk factors for PPC formation, intervention and recurrence were determined by multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: In this study, PPC was developed in 17.3% (759/4379) of pancreatitis patients. The significant risk factors for PPC formation included alcoholic pancreatitis (OR, 6.332; 95% CI, 2.164-11.628; p = 0.031), chronic pancreatitis (CP) (OR, 5.822; 95% CI, 1.921-10.723; p = 0.006) and infected pancreatic necrosis (OR, 4.253; 95% CI, 3.574-7.339; p = 0.021). Meanwhile, the significant risk factors of PPC patients who received intervention were alcoholic pancreatitis (OR, 7.634; 95% CI, 2.125-13.558; p = 0.016), size over 6 cm (OR, 8.834; 95% CI, 2.017-16.649; p = 0.002) and CP (OR, 4.782; 95% CI, 1.897-10.173; p = 0.038). In addition, the recurrence rate in PPC patients treated with percutaneous drainage was found to be the highest (16.3%) among the three intervention groups. Furthermore, percutaneous drainage was the only risk factor of PPC recurrence (OR, 7.812; 95% CI, 3.109-23.072; p = 0.013) identified from this retrospective cohort study. CONCLUSIONS: Alcoholic pancreatitis and CP are the main risk factors for PPC formation and intervention, but not PPC recurrence. A higher recurrence rate is found in PPC patients treated with percutaneous drainage, as compared to endoscopic and surgical interventions.


Assuntos
Pseudocisto Pancreático/etiologia , Pancreatite/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , China , Drenagem , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Pancreatite/patologia , Pancreatite Alcoólica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária
10.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 24(4): 297-303, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30168947

RESUMO

Objective: To study the protective effect of lipoic acid (LA) on the spermatogenic function of the male rats with oligoasthenozoospermia induced by ornidazole (ORN). METHODS: Seventy male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control: 1 ml 0.5% CMC-Na + 1 ml olive oil), B (low-dose ORN model: 400 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), C (low-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), D (low-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), E (high-dose ORN model: 800 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), F (high-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), and G (high-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), and treated respectively for 20 successive days. Then all the rats were sacrificed and the weights of the body, testis, epididymis and seminal vesicle obtained, followed by calculation of the organ index, determination of epididymal sperm concentration and motility, and observation of the histomorphological changes in the testis and epididymis by HE staining. RESULTS: Compared with group A, group E showed significantly decreased body weight (ï¼»117.67 ± 11.53ï¼½ vs ï¼»88.11 ± 12.65ï¼½ g, P < 0.01) and indexes of the testis (ï¼»1.06 ± 0.12ï¼½ vs ï¼»0.65 ± 0.13ï¼½ %, P < 0.01) and epididymis (ï¼»0.21 ± 0.03ï¼½ vs ï¼»0.17 ± 0.01ï¼½ %, P < 0.01). In comparison with group E, group F exhibited remarkable increases in the epididymal index (ï¼»0.17 ± 0.01ï¼½ vs ï¼»0.20 ± 0.02ï¼½ %, P < 0.01), and so did group G in the body weight (ï¼»88.11 ± 12.65ï¼½ vs ï¼»102.70 ± 16.10ï¼½ g, P < 0.05) and the indexes of the testis (ï¼»0.65 ± 0.13ï¼½ vs ï¼»0.95 ± 0.06ï¼½ %, P < 0.01) and epididymis (ï¼»0.17 ± 0.01ï¼½ vs ï¼»0.19 ± 0.02ï¼½ %, P < 0.05), but no obvious difference was observed in the index of seminal vesicle among different groups. Compared with group A, group B manifested significant decreases in sperm motility (ï¼»74.12 ± 8.73ï¼½ vs ï¼»40.25 ± 6.08ï¼½ %, P < 0.01), and so did group E in sperm count (ï¼»38.59 ± 6.40ï¼½ vs ï¼»18.67 ± 4.59ï¼½ ×105/100 mg, P < 0.01) and sperm motility (ï¼»74.12 ± 8.73ï¼½ vs ï¼»27.58 ± 8.43ï¼½ %, P < 0.01). Sperm motility was significantly lower in group B than in C and D (ï¼»40.25 ± 6.08ï¼½ vs ï¼»58.13 ± 7.62ï¼½ and ï¼»76.04 ± 8.44ï¼½%, P < 0.01), and so were sperm count and motility in group E than in F and G (ï¼»18.67 ± 4.59ï¼½ vs ï¼»25.63 ± 9.66ï¼½ and ï¼»29.92 ± 4.15ï¼½ ×105/100 mg, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01; ï¼»27.58 ± 8.43ï¼½ vs ï¼»36.56 ± 11.08ï¼½ and ï¼»45.05 ± 9.59ï¼½ %, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). There were no obvious changes in the histomorphology of the testis and epididymis in groups A, B, C and D. Compared with group A, group E showed necrotic and exfoliated spermatogenic cells with unclear layers and disorderly arrangement in the seminiferous tubules and remarkably reduced sperm count with lots of noncellular components in the epididymal cavity, while groups F and G exhibited increased sperm count in the seminiferous tubules and epididymis lumen, also with exfoliation, unclear layers and disorderly arrangement of spermatogenic cells, but significantly better than in group E. CONCLUSIONS: LA can reduce ORN-induced damage to the spermatogenetic function of rats, improve sperm quality, and protect the reproductive system.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Tióctico/farmacologia , Animais , Astenozoospermia/induzido quimicamente , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Epididimo/anatomia & histologia , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Oligospermia/induzido quimicamente , Ornidazol , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Glândulas Seminais/anatomia & histologia , Glândulas Seminais/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Seminíferos/anatomia & histologia , Túbulos Seminíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/anatomia & histologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 24(6): 491-498, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30173452

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of fosfomycin tromethamine (FT) on the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the prostate tissue of the rats with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP). METHODS: We randomly divided 70 male SD rats into 7 groups of equal number: blank control, CBP model control, positive control, 14 d low-dose FT, 7 d low-dose FT, 14 d high-dose FT, and 7 d high-dose FT. The CBP model rats in the latter five groups were treated intragastrically with levofloxacin at 100 mg/kg/d for 30 days and FT at 200 mg/kg/d for 14 and 7 days and at 300 mg/kg/d for 14 and 7 days, respectively. Then we collected the prostate tissue from the animals for determination of the levels of TNF-α, IL-8 and IL-6 by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared with the blank controls, the CBP model rats showed significantly increased levels of TNF-α (ï¼»19.83 ± 6.1ï¼½ vs ï¼»32.93 ± 6.21ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01), IL-8 (ï¼»8.26 ± 0.52ï¼½ vs ï¼»16.2 ± 2.84ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01) and IL-6 (ï¼»1.55 ± 0.11ï¼½ vs ï¼»2.51 ± 1.06ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.05) in the prostate tissue. In comparison with the CBP model controls, the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 were remarkably decreased in the groups of positive control (ï¼»20.54 ± 5.78ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01; ï¼»12.43 ± 4.02ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.05), 14 d low-dose FT (ï¼»21.95 ± 6.48ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01; ï¼»11.11 ± 2.86ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01), 7 d low-dose FT (ï¼»23.8 ± 6.93ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.05; ï¼»12.43 ± 4.02ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.05), 14 d high-dose FT (ï¼»19.97 ± 2.58ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01; ï¼»8.83 ± 1.32ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01), and 7 d high-dose FT (ï¼»21.97 ± 3.38ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.01; ï¼»12.68±1.97ï¼½ ng/g prot, P <0.05). No statistically significant differences were observed between the positive control and FT groups in the contents of TNF-α, IL-8 or IL-6 (P >0.05). The expression of IL-6 was markedly reduced in the 14 d high-dose FT group as compared with the model controls (ï¼»1.76 ± 0.46ï¼½ vs ï¼»2.51 ± 1.06ï¼½ ng/g prot, P<0.05) but exhibited no significant difference between the CBP model control and the other groups (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Fosfomycin tromethamine inhibits the expressions of TNF-α, IL-8 and IL-6 in the prostate tissue, suppresses its inflammatory reaction, promotes the repair of damaged prostatic structure, and thus contributes to the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis in rats.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfomicina/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Prostatite/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Levofloxacino/farmacologia , Masculino , Próstata/metabolismo , Prostatite/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(1): 231-237, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29692032

RESUMO

With early-maturing cotton cultivar CCRI-50 widely grown in China as experimental material, water culture experiment was conducted to study the effects of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol with different concentrations (0.8, 4.0, and 20.0 mmol·L-1) on generation rate of reactive oxygen, changes of antioxidant enzyme activities and mitochondria function of cotton roots. Results showed that p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol treatments inhibited the cotton root growth, reduced SOD, POD, CAT and H+-ATPase activities in root mitochondria, increased the generation rate of O2-· and H2O2 content. In addition, they also increased the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pores (MPTP), decreased the membrane fluidity and cytochrome c/a (Cyt c/a). Difference of mitochondria function between p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol treatments was minor at concentration of 0.8 mmol·L-1, while the inhibition to root growth and mitochondria function under treatment of p-hydroxybenzoic acid at concentration of 4.0 and 20.0 mmol·L-1 was stronger than that of phloroglucinol. Above all, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol inhibited antioxidant enzyme activity and mitochondrial function in cotton seedling roots, and the inhibition depended on dose of phenolic acids. The inhibition to root growth and mitochondria function between p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol treatment was different, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid had stronger inhibition than phloroglucinol at the concentration more than 4.0 mmol·L-1.


Assuntos
Gossypium/fisiologia , Floroglucinol/farmacologia , China , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Hidroxibenzoatos , Mitocôndrias , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula
13.
Opt Express ; 25(21): 24946-24959, 2017 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041168

RESUMO

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) is an important resource in high-dimensional quantum information processing, as its quantum number can be infinite. Dove prism (DP) is a most common tool to manipulate OAM light. However, the Dove prism changes the polarization of the photon states and decreases the sorting fidelity of the interferometer. In this work, we analyze the polarization-dependent effect of the DP on OAM light manipulation in the normal single-path Sagnac interferometers (SPSIs) with beam splitter (BS) and polarizing beam splitter (PBS). The results demonstrate that the BS SPSI is more sensitive to the input polarization and the specific parameters of the DP. We have also proposed and realized a modified BS SPSI, of which the sorting fidelity can be 100% in principle and is independent on the input polarization and the transmission matrix of the DP. The experiments demonstrate that the fidelity of the modified BS SPSI is about 5%~10% higher than that of the normal one. The modified BS SPSI is easy to implement (only two more half-wave plates are required) and is stable for free running at the scale of several hours. These merits make the structure suitable for applications in critical quantum information processing tasks, such as quantum cryptography.

14.
J Org Chem ; 82(16): 8455-8463, 2017 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28731357

RESUMO

The dual transition metal-visible light photoredox catalysis for the synthesis of quinoline derivatives by using dioxygen as an oxygen source is developed. By using visible light, the direct oxidative cyclization of aromatic enamines with alkynes or alkenes can be achieved at mild conditions with an aid of copper or palladium catalysts, and a variety of multisubstituted quinoline derivatives could be obtained in good to moderate yields under mild reaction conditions.

15.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 23(1): 82-86, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29658244

RESUMO

Lipoic acid (LA) is widely present in the body as a disulfide compound with an extensive biological activity and a strong antioxidant capacity. LA plays an antioxidant role by removing oxygen free radicals, chelating metal ions, and regenerating other antioxidants in the body. Recent studies have shown the effects of LA in the prevention or treatment of male reproductive disorders, such as idiopathic oligoasthenozoospermia, diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction and infertility, serious infection in the reproductive system, and reproductive system injuries caused by chemotherapeutic agents, ionizing radiation, environmental toxins, testicular ischemia reperfusion, excessive exercise, and so on.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Animais , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Ácido Tióctico/fisiologia
16.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 23(3): 206-211, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706039

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the improving effect of astaxanthin (AST) on the sperm quality of rats with ornidazole (ORN)-induced oligoasthenozoospermiaand its action mechanism. METHODS: Forty adult male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control), B (low-dose ORN ï¼»400 mg/(kg·d)]), C (high-dose ORN ï¼»800 mg/(kg·d)]), D (low-dose ORN ï¼»400 mg/(kg·d)] + AST ï¼»20 mg/(kg·d)]), and E (high-dose ORN ï¼»800 mg/(kg·d)] + AST ï¼»20 mg/(kg·d)]), all treated intragastrically for3 weeks.After treatment, the epididymal tails ononeside was taken for determination of sperm concentration and activity, and the epididymideson the other side harvested for measurement of the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD and the MDA contentin the homogenate. RESULTS: Compared with group A, sperm motilityin the epididymal tail andGSH-Px and SOD activities in theepididymiswere markedly decreased while the MDAcontent significantlyincreased in group B (P<0.05), spermmotility and concentrationin the epididymal tail, testisindex, and the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD in the epididymis were remarkably reduced while theMDA contentsignificantly increased in group C(P<0.05). In comparison with group B, group D showed markedly increased sperm motility (ï¼»45.3±8.7ï¼½% vs ï¼»66.3±8.9ï¼½%, P<0.05) in the epididymal tail and SOD activity in the epididymis (ï¼»116.7±25.3ï¼½ U/mg prot vs ï¼»146.1±23.8ï¼½ U/mg prot, P<0.05), decreased MDA content(ï¼»1.68±0.45ï¼½ nmol/mg prot vs ï¼»1.19±0.42ï¼½ nmol/mg prot, P<0.05).Compared with group C, group Eexhibited significant increases in the weight gained (ï¼»89.0±9.5ï¼½ vs ï¼»99.9±4.1ï¼½ %, P<0.05) and sperm motility (ï¼»17.9±3.5ï¼½% vs ï¼»27.3±5.3ï¼½ %, P<0.05) but a decrease in the content of MDA (ï¼»2.03±0.30ï¼½ nmol/mg prot vs ï¼»1.52±0.41ï¼½ nmol/mg prot, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AST can improve spermquality in rats with ORN-inducedoligoasthenozoospermia, which may be associated with its enhancing effect on the antioxidant capacity of the epididymis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Astenozoospermia/prevenção & controle , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligospermia/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Epididimo/metabolismo , Masculino , Ornidazol , Estresse Oxidativo , Radiossensibilizantes , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Xantofilas/farmacologia
17.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 23(8): 717-721, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726647

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of real-time RNA simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) in the detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in the semen of infertile males and its clinical significance. METHODS: We collected semen samples from 542 infertility patients and 120 normal fertile men as controls in the Andrology Clinic of Nanjing General Hospital from March to September 2015. We detected UU infection in the samples using the culture method and SAT technology, respectively. RESULTS: All the UU positive cases (except 4 false positive cases) detected by the culture method were also shown to be positive in SAT. The UU detection rate of SAT was significantly higher than that of the culture method both in the infertility patients (54.1 vs 19.7%, P<0.05) and in the normal controls (42.5 vs 12.5%, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SAT is a rapid and accurate method for detecting UU infection in semen samples, with a higher sensitivity and accuracy than the culture method, and it can also be used to evaluate the therapeutic effects. However, the culture method has its own advantages, such as low requirement of technical equipment, easy operation, and possibility of drug sensitivity test at the same time. Therefore, SAT and the culture method can be used alternatively according to the clinical need.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/microbiologia , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Bacteriano/análise , Sêmen/química , Sêmen/microbiologia , Infecções por Ureaplasma/diagnóstico , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolamento & purificação , Andrologia , Humanos , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen , Ureaplasma urealyticum/genética
18.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 23(8): 728-733, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726649

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of Xialiqi Capsules(XLQ) on the expressions of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and caspase-3 in the prostate tissue of the BPH rat model. METHODS: Fifty male SD ratswereequally randomized into groups A (sham operation control), B (BPH model control), C (high-dose XLQ), D (low-dose XLQ), and E (finasteridecontrol) andthe BPH modelswere established by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate at 0.5 mg per kilogram of the body weight per day for 30 days after castration. After modeling, the animals in groups A and B were treated intragastricallywith normal saline, while those in C, D, and E with XLQ at 1.20 and 0.61 g per kilogram of the body weight per day or finasterideat 0.8 mg per kilogram of the body weight per day, respectively, all for 30 days. Then,the bilateral prostates were harvestedfrom the rats for calculation of the prostatic index (prostate wet weight/ body weight) and determination of the expressions of PCNA and caspase-3 in the prostate tissue by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. RESULTS: The prostate wet weight and prostate index were significantly increased in group B as compared with group A, (ï¼»1326±60ï¼½ vsï¼»471±17ï¼½ g, P<0.01; ï¼»2.89±0.18ï¼½ vs ï¼»1.06±0.06ï¼½ mg/g, P<0.01), but decreased in groups C (ï¼»914±36ï¼½ g;ï¼»2.02±0.08ï¼½ mg/g), D (ï¼»1 099±46ï¼½g;ï¼»2.39±0.11ï¼½ mg/g), and E (ï¼»817±53ï¼½ g;ï¼»1.83±0.10ï¼½ mg/g)in comparison with B (P<0.01), with statistically significant differences among groups C, D, and E(P<0.01) and most significantly in E.The PCNA level in the prostate tissue wasremarkably higher in group B than in A, but lower in groups C, D and E than in B. The expression of caspase-3 was down-regulatedin group B as compared with A, but up-regulated in groups C, D and E in comparison with B, most significantly in E. CONCLUSIONS: Xialiqi Capsules can effectively reduce the prostate wet weight and prostatic index of in rats with BPH by inhibiting the level of PCNA and promoting the expression of caspase-3.


Assuntos
Caspase 3/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Animais , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Finasterida/administração & dosagem , Finasterida/farmacologia , Masculino , Orquiectomia , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Próstata/metabolismo , Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Agentes Urológicos/administração & dosagem , Agentes Urológicos/farmacologia
19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(3): 863-870, 2017 Mar 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29741013

RESUMO

Field experiments were conducted in 2014 and 2015 at the "Inner Mongolia cotton comprehensive test station" (39°27' N, 105°39' E) in Alxa Left Banner of Alxa League in Inner Mongolia. By using cotton cultivar CCRI-50 as material and the "6 cotton rows with 3 dripping pipes under a plastic film mulching" plantation pattern, different sowing dates (20-Apr, 30-Apr and 10-May) were set to study the effect of sowing dates on cotton yield, fiber quality and nutrient uptake and utilization. The results showed that as the sowing date delayed, the development of cotton plant was delayed, the yield forming stage shortened, and the mean daily temperature of boll deve-lopment reduced, but the harvesting density increased. Sowing date influenced the biomass accumulation, fiber yield and fiber quality, it also influenced the absorption and distribution of N, P and K. Among the three sowing dates, the biomass distribution proportion to reproductive organ, nutrition (N, P and K) accumulation, lint production efficiency of nutrient and yield were higher in the cotton plant that was sowing at 30-Apr, the seed cotton and lint yield were the highest which could reach up to 6505.9 kg·hm-2 and 2660.9 kg·hm-2, respectively, and the fiber quality was better than that of 10-Mar. For the plant which was sowed at 20-Apr, harvesting density, biomass and nutrient accumulation were the lowest, although economic coefficients of biomass and nutrient were the highest, and the seed cotton and lint yield were respectively 10.9%-14.0% and 11.1%-14.2% lower than that of 30-Apr. When sowing at 10-May, cotton could avoid the low temperature during seed germination, but mean daily temperature during boll development were the lowest, although biomass and nutrient accumulation were the highest. The economic index, lint production efficiency of nutrient were the lowest, which leading to the poorest fiber quality, lowest seed cotton and lowest lint yield which were respectively 32.5%-34.7% and 35.9%-36.2% lower than that of 30-Apr. These results suggested that the optimum sowing date for cotton planting was about 30-Apr in Inner Mongolia west desert area.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Fibra de Algodão , Gossypium , Biomassa , China , Temperatura Ambiente
20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(2): 525-31, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27396127

RESUMO

Based on the data of soil moisture content and indoor soil surface spectral reflectance from five sampling sites of coastal saline soil, this paper analyzed the relationship between soil moisture content and soil spectrum in wavelength 350-2500 nm. We determined spectral parameters under ratio spectral index (RSI), normalized difference spectral index (NDSI) and difference spectral index (DI), and established the quantitative model of soil moisture content. The results showed significant negative correlation between spectral reflectance and soil moisture content, and the maximum negative correlation was near 1930 nm (r=0.86). By comparison of the regression equation of RSI, NDSI and DI, it was found that the regression equation of exponential function (y=0.00001e9.7203x) built by soil moisture content based on RSI (R1407, R1459) presented the maximum R2 (0.780) and the minimum SE (0.016). The established model based on RSI (R1407, R1459) could be used to monitor soil moisture content accurately in Jiangsu coastal saline soils.


Assuntos
Solo/química , Água/análise , Modelos Teóricos , Salinidade , Análise Espectral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA