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1.
Cancer Immunol Res ; : OF1-OF9, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345376

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) can induce durable cancer remission. However, only a small subset of patients gains benefits. While tumor mutation burden (TMB) differentiates responders from nonresponders in some cases, it is a weak predictor in tumor types with low mutation rates. Thus, there is an unmet need to discover a new class of genetic aberrations that predict ICB responses in these tumor types. Here, we report analyses of pan-cancer whole genomes which revealed that intragenic rearrangement (IGR) burden is significantly associated with immune infiltration in breast, ovarian, esophageal, and endometrial cancers, particularly with increased M1 macrophage and CD8+ T-cell signatures. Multivariate regression against spatially counted tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers suggested that IGR burden is a more influential covariate than other genetic aberrations in these cancers. In the MEDI4736 trial evaluating durvalumab in esophageal adenocarcinoma, IGR burden correlated with patient benefits. In the IMVigor210 trial evaluating atezolizumab in urothelial carcinoma, IGR burden increased with platinum exposure and predicted patient benefit among TMB-low, platinum-exposed tumors. Altogether, we have demonstrated that IGR burden correlates with T-cell inflammation and predicts ICB benefit in TMB-low, IGR-dominant tumors, and in platinum-exposed tumors.

2.
Acta Biomater ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307478

RESUMO

The noble metal NPs that are currently applied to photothermal therapy (PTT) have their photoexcitation location mainly in the NIR-I range, and the low tissue penetration limits their therapeutic effect. The complexity of the tumor microenvironment (TME) makes it difficult to inhibit tumor growth completely with a single therapy. Although TME has a high level of H2O2, the intratumor H2O2 content is still insufficient to catalyze the generation of sufficient hydroxide radicals (‧OH) to achieve satisfactory therapeutic effects. The AuPd-GOx-HA (APGH) was obtained from AuPd bimetallic nanodumbbells modified by glucose oxidase (GOx) and hyaluronic acid (HA) for photothermal enhancement of tumor starvation and cascade catalytic therapy in the NIR-II region. The CAT-like activity of AuPd alleviates tumor hypoxia by catalyzing the decomposition of H2O2 into O2. The GOx-mediated intratumoral glucose oxidation on the one hand can block the supply of energy and nutrients essential for tumor growth, leading to tumor starvation. On the other hand, the generated H2O2 can continuously supply local O2, which also exacerbates glucose depletion. The peroxidase-like activity of bimetallic AuPd can catalyze the production of toxic ‧OH radicals from H2O2, enabling cascade catalytic therapy. In addition, the high photothermal conversion efficiency (η = 50.7 %) of APGH nanosystems offers the possibility of photothermal imaging-guided photothermal therapy. The results of cell and animal experiments verified that APGH has good biosafety, tumor targeting, and anticancer effects, and is a precious metal nanotherapeutic system integrating glucose starvation therapy, nano enzyme cascade catalytic therapy, and PTT therapy. This study provides a strategy for photothermal-cascade catalytic synergistic therapy combining both exogenous and endogenous processes. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: AuPd-GOx-HA cascade nanoenzymes were prepared as a potent cascade catalytic therapeutic agent, which enhanced glucose depletion, exacerbated tumor starvation and promoted cancer cell apoptosis by increasing ROS production through APGH-like POD activity. The designed system has promising photothermal conversion ability in the NIR-II region, simultaneously realizing photothermal-enhanced catalysis, PTT, and catalysis/PTT synergistic therapy both in vitro and in vivo. The present work provides an approach for designing and developing catalytic-photothermal therapies based on bimetallic nanoenzymatic cascades.

3.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331706

RESUMO

The realization of spin-orbit-coupled ultracold gases has driven a wide range of research and is typically based on the rotating wave approximation (RWA). By neglecting the counter-rotating terms, RWA characterizes a single near-resonant spin-orbit (SO) coupling in a two-level system. Here, we propose and experimentally realize a new scheme for achieving a pair of two-dimensional (2D) SO couplings for ultracold fermions beyond RWA. This work not only realizes the first anomalous Floquet topological Fermi gas beyond RWA, but also significantly improves the lifetime of the 2D-SO-coupled Fermi gas. Based on pump-probe quench measurements, we observe a deterministic phase relation between two sets of SO couplings, which is characteristic of our beyond-RWA scheme and enables the two SO couplings to be simultaneously tuned to the optimum 2D configurations. We observe intriguing band topology by measuring two-ring band-inversion surfaces, quantitatively consistent with a Floquet topological Fermi gas in the regime of high Chern numbers. Our study can open an avenue to explore exotic SO physics and anomalous topological states based on long-lived SO-coupled ultracold fermions.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 177, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) and surgery have been recommended as the standard treatments for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In addition, nodal metastases decreased in frequency and changed in distribution after neoadjuvant therapy. This study aimed to examine the optimal strategy for lymph node dissection (LND) in patients with ESCC who underwent nCRT. METHODS: The hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were calculated using the Cox proportional hazard model. To determine the minimal number of LNDs (n-LNS) or least station of LNDs (e-LNS), the Chow test was used. RESULTS: In total, 333 patients were included. The estimated cut-off values for e-LNS and n-LNS were 9 and 15, respectively. A higher number of e-LNS was significantly associated with improved OS (HR: 0.90; 95% CI 0.84-0.97, P = 0.0075) and DFS (HR: 0.012; 95% CI: 0.84-0.98, P = 0.0074). The e-LNS was a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analyses. The local recurrence rate of 23.1% in high e-LNS is much lower than the results of low e-LNS (13.3%). Comparable morbidity was found in both the e-LNS and n-LND subgroups. CONCLUSION: This cohort study revealed an association between the extent of LND and overall survival, suggesting the therapeutic value of extended lymphadenectomy during esophagectomy. Therefore, more lymph node stations being sampled leads to higher survival rates among patients who receive nCRT, and standard lymphadenectomy of at least 9 stations is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Prognóstico , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Linfonodos/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Esofagectomia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1332346, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322122

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body composition based on magnetic resonance fat fraction (FF) mapping. Methods: A total of 341 subjects, who underwent abdominal MRI examination with FF mapping were enrolled in this study, including 68 T2DM patients and 273 non-T2DM patients. The FFs and areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and abdominal muscle (AM) were measured at the level of the L1-L2 vertebral. The FF of bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) was determined by the averaged FF values measured at the level of T12 and L1 vertebral, respectively. The whole hepatic fat fraction (HFF) and pancreatic fat fraction (PFF) were measured based on 3D semi-automatic segmentation on the FF mapping. All data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism and MedCalc. Results: VAT area, VAT FF, HFF, PFF of T2DM group were higher than those of non-T2DM group after adjusting for age and sex (P < 0.05). However, there was no differences in SAT area, SAT FF, BMAT FF, AM area and AM FF between the two groups (P > 0.05). VAT area and PFF were independent risk factors of T2DM (all P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for VAT area and PFF in differentiating between T2DM and non-T2DM were 0.685 and 0.787, respectively, and the AUC of PFF was higher than VAT area (P < 0.05). Additionally, in seemingly healthy individuals, the SAT area, VAT area, and AM area were found to be significantly associated with being overweight and/or obese (BMI ≥ 25) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In this study, it was found that there were significant associations between T2DM and VAT area, VAT FF, HFF and PFF. In addition, VAT area and PFF were the independent risk factors of T2DM. Especially, PFF showed a high diagnostic performance in discrimination between T2DM and non-T2DM. These findings may highlight the crucial role of PFF in the pathophysiology of T2DM, and it might be served as a potential imaging biomarker of the prevention and treatment of T2DM. Additionally, in individuals without diabetes, focusing on SAT area, VAT area and AM area may help identify potential health risks and provide a basis for targeted weight management and prevention measures.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Composição Corporal , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1298818, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323084

RESUMO

Introduction: Shizao decoction (SZD) is a traditional Chinese medicine decoction that has therapeutic effects on cirrhotic ascites (CAS). Because of the unclear treatment mechanism, in the current study, the anti-CAS activity of SZD and molecular mechanisms were analyzed by network analysis combined with pharmacokinetics and metabolomics. Methods: Firstly, we assessed the anti-CAS efficacy of SZD by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), liver function tests, NO and ET-1 levels, and portal venous pressure. Secondly, network analysis was applied to dig out the metabolites, targets, and pathways related to SZD and CAS. Then, the pharmacokinetics of the pharmacokinetically relevant metabolites (PRM) were analyzed. Thirdly, the serum and urine metabolic biomarkers of rats with CAS were identified using metabolomics by comparing them with the SZD treatment group. In addition, MetaboAnalyst was utilized to conduct metabolic pathway analysis. Finally, the correlation analysis established a dynamic connection between absorbed PRM from SZD and CAS-associated endogenous metabolites. Results: Pharmacodynamic analysis indicated that SZD effectively mitigated liver injury symptoms by ameliorating inflammatory cell infiltration in CAS rats. The network analysis results indicated that twelve RPM contribute to the therapeutic efficacy of SZD against CAS; the key signaling pathways involved might be hepatitis B and PI3K-Akt. Pharmacokinetics results showed that the 12 RPM were efficiently absorbed into rat plasma, ensuring desirable bioavailability. The metabolomic analysis yielded 21 and 23 significantly distinct metabolites from the serum and urine, respectively. The 12 bioavailable SZD-PRM, such as luteolin, apigenin, and rutin, may be associated with various CAS-altered metabolites related to tryptophan metabolism, alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, glycine metabolism, etc. Discussion: A novel paradigm was provided in this study to identify the potential mechanisms of pharmacological effects derived from a traditional Chinese medicine decoction.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1345236, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328426

RESUMO

Introduction: African swine fever (ASF) is an infectious disease that causes considerable economic losses in pig farming. The agent of this disease, African swine fever virus (ASFV), is a double-stranded DNA virus with a capsid membrane and a genome that is 170-194 kb in length encoding over 150 proteins. In recent years, several live attenuated strains of ASFV have been studied as vaccine candidates, including the SY18ΔL7-11. This strain features deletion of L7L, L8L, L9R, L10L and L11L genes and was found to exhibit significantly reduced pathogenicity in pigs, suggesting that these five genes play key roles in virulence. Methods: Here, we constructed and evaluated the virulence of ASFV mutations with SY18ΔL7, SY18ΔL8, SY18ΔL9, SY18ΔL10, and SY18ΔL11L. Results: Our findings did not reveal any significant differences in replication efficiency between the single-gene deletion strains and the parental strains. Pigs inoculated with SY18ΔL8L, SY18ΔL9R and SY18ΔL10L exhibited clinical signs similar to those inoculated with the parental strains. Survival rate of pigs inoculated with 103.0TCID50 of SY18ΔL7L was 25%, while all pigs inoculated with 103.0TCID50 of SY18ΔL11L survived, and 50% inoculated with 106.0TCID50 SY18ΔL11L survived. Discussion: The results indicate that L8L, L9R and L10L do not affect ASFV SY18 virulence, while the L7L and L11L are associated with virulence.

8.
Brain Commun ; 6(1): fcae010, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304005

RESUMO

Subjective cognitive decline is potentially the earliest symptom of Alzheimer's disease, whose objective neurological basis remains elusive. To explore the potential biomarkers for subjective cognitive decline, we developed a novel deep learning method based on multiscale dynamical brain functional networks to identify subjective cognitive declines. We retrospectively constructed an internal data set (with 112 subjective cognitive decline and 64 healthy control subjects) to develop and internally validate the deep learning model. Conventional deep learning methods based on static and dynamic brain functional networks are compared. After the model is established, we prospectively collect an external data set (26 subjective cognitive decline and 12 healthy control subjects) for testing. Meanwhile, our method provides monitoring of the transitions between normal and abnormal (subjective cognitive decline-related) dynamical functional network states. The features of abnormal dynamical functional network states are quantified by network and variability metrics and associated with individual cognitions. Our method achieves an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.807 ± 0.046 in the internal validation data set and of 0.707 (P = 0.007) in the external testing data set, which shows improvements compared to conventional methods. The method further suggests that, at the local level, the abnormal dynamical functional network states are characterized by decreased connectivity strength and increased connectivity variability at different spatial scales. At the network level, the abnormal states are featured by scale-specifically altered modularity and all-scale decreased efficiency. Low tendencies to stay in abnormal states and high state transition variabilities are significantly associated with high general, language and executive functions. Overall, our work supports the deficits in multiscale brain dynamical functional networks detected by the deep learning method as reliable and meaningful neural alternation underpinning subjective cognitive decline.

9.
Toxicol Sci ; 2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310363

RESUMO

Increasing environmental genotoxic chemicals have been shown to induce epigenetic alterations. However, the interaction between genetics and epigenetics in chemical carcinogenesis is still not fully understood. Here, we constructed an in vitro human lung carcinogenesis model (16HBE-T) by treating human bronchial epithelial cells with a typical significant carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). We identified a novel circular RNA, circ0087385, which was overexpressed in 16HBE-T and human lung cancer cell lines, as well as in lung cancer tissues and serum exosomes from lung cancer patients. The upregulated circ0087385 after exposure to BaP promoted DNA damage in the early stage of chemical carcinogenesis and affected the cell cycle, proliferation, and apoptosis of the malignantly transformed cells. Overexpression of circ0087385 enhanced the expression of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), which is crucial for metabolically activating BaP. Interfering with circ0087385 or CYP1A1 reduced the levels of ultimate carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) and BPDE-DNA adducts. Interfering with CYP1A1 partially reversed the DNA damage induced by high expression of circ0087385, as well as decreased the level of BPDE and BPDE-DNA adducts. These findings provide novel insights into the interaction between epigenetics and genetics in chemical carcinogenesis which are crucial for understanding the epigenetic and genetic toxicity of chemicals.

10.
Dis Esophagus ; 37(2)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300629

RESUMO

Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has revolutionized the therapeutic strategy for achalasia with promising results. We conducted this meta-analysis to compare clinical outcomes between Eastern and Western countries. A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases to query for studies that assessed the efficacy of POEM for achalasia. All articles published from inception to December 31, 2021 were included. The primary outcome was the pooled clinical success rate. The secondary outcomes included the pooled technical success rate, incidence of adverse events, procedure time and hospital stay. Eighteen Eastern studies involving 5962 patients and 11 Western studies involving 1651 patients were included. The pooled clinical success rate and technical success rate for POEM was equal in the Eastern studies compared to Western studies. The pooled incidence of procedure adverse events for POEM was a little lower in the Eastern studies compared to Western studies (6.6% vs. 8.7%). Similarly, the incidence of reflux-related adverse events was lower in Eastern studies than that in Western studies. The pooled procedure time of POEM was shorter in Eastern studies compared to Western studies (61 minutes vs. 80 minutes), while the length of hospital stay was longer in Eastern studies compared to Western studies (5.8 days vs. 2.4 days). Overall, Eastern countries have the similar POEM outcomes compared to Western countries. However, Eastern countries still need to do more to reduce the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Acalasia Esofágica , Miotomia , Humanos , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Tempo de Internação
11.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0243523, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319108

RESUMO

It is urgently needed to evaluate the necessity and benefits of booster vaccination against the coronavirus 2 of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron to facilitate clinical decision-making for 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) convalescents. We conducted a multicenter, prospective clinical trial (registration number: ChiCTR2100045810) in the first patients with COVID-19 from 28 January 2020 to 20 February 2020 to assess the long-term durability of neutralizing antibodies against live Omicron BA.5 and further assess the efficiency and safety of CoronaVac in the convalescent group. A total of 96 COVID-19 convalescents were enrolled in this study. Neutralizing antibody titers in convalescents were significantly reduced in 9-10 months. A dose-refreshing vaccination in 28 convalescents with an antibody titer below 96 significantly induced neutralizing antibodies against live Omicron by 4.84-fold. Meanwhile, the abundance of naive T cells increased dramatically, and TEMRA and TEM cells gradually decreased after vaccination. Activation-induced cell death and apoptosis-related genes were significantly elevated after vaccination in all T-cell subtypes. One-dose booster vaccination was effective in inducing a robust antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in COVID-19 convalescents with low antibody titers. However, vaccine-mediated T-cell consumption and regeneration patterns may be detrimental to the antiviral response.IMPORTANCEThe globally dominant coronavirus 2 of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant raises the possibility of repeat infections among 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) convalescents with low neutralizing antibody titers. The importance of this multicenter study lies in its evaluation of the long-term durability of neutralizing antibodies in COVID-19 convalescents and the efficacy of a booster vaccination against the live Omicron. The findings suggest that a one-dose booster vaccination is effective in inducing a robust antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in convalescents with low antibody titers. However, the study also highlights the potential detrimental effects on the antiviral response due to vaccine-mediated T-cell consumption and regeneration patterns. These results are crucial for facilitating clinical decision-making for COVID-19 convalescents and informing public health policies regarding booster vaccinations.

12.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 258, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302635

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women and still poses a significant threat to women worldwide. Recurrence of BC in situ, metastasis to distant organs, and resistance to chemotherapy are all attached to high mortality in patients with BC. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) of the type known as "circRNA" links together from one end to another to create a covalently closed, single-stranded circular molecule. With characteristics including plurality, evolutionary conservation, stability, and particularity, they are extensively prevalent in various species and a range of human cells. CircRNAs are new and significant contributors to several kinds of disorders, including cardiovascular disease, multiple organ inflammatory responses and malignancies. Recent studies have shown that circRNAs play crucial roles in the occurrence of breast cancer by interacting with miRNAs to regulate gene expression at the transcriptional or post-transcriptional levels. CircRNAs offer the potential to be therapeutic targets for breast cancer treatment as well as prospective biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of BC. Here, we are about to present an overview of the functions of circRNAs in the proliferation, invasion, migration, and resistance to medicines of breast cancer cells and serve as a promising resource for future investigations on the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , RNA Circular/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores
13.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312016

RESUMO

AIM: Myo-inositol supplementation from ~13 weeks' gestation reportedly improves glycaemia regulation in metabolically at-risk women, with speculation that earlier supplementation might bring further improvement. However, the NiPPeR trial of a myo-inositol-containing supplement starting preconception did not lower gestational glycaemia in generally healthy women. We postulated that the earlier timing of supplementation influences the maternal metabolic adaptation for gestational glycaemia regulation. METHODS: In total, 585 women were recruited from Singapore, UK and New Zealand for the NiPPeR study. We examined associations of plasma myo-inositol concentrations at 7 and 28 weeks' gestation with 28 weeks plasma glucose (PG; fasting, and 1 h and 2 h in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test) and insulin indices using linear regression adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: Higher 7-week myo-inositol, but not 28-week myo-inositol, associated with higher 1 h PG [ßadj (95% confidence intervals) 0.05 (0.01, 0.09) loge mmol/L per loge µmol/L, p = .022] and 2 h PG [0.08 (0.03, 0.12), p = .001]; equivalent to 0.39 mmol/L increase in 2 h PG for an average 7-week myo-inositol increase of 23.4 µmol/L with myo-inositol supplementation. Higher 7-week myo-inositol associated with a lower 28-week Stumvoll index (first phase), an approximation of insulin secretion [-0.08 (-0.15, -0.01), p = .020] but not with 28-week Matsuda insulin sensitivity index. However, the clinical significance of a 7-week myo-inositol-related increase in glycaemia was limited as there was no association with gestational diabetes risk, birthweight and cord C-peptide levels. In-silico modelling found higher 28-week myo-inositol was associated with lower gestational glycaemia in White, but not Asian, women after controlling for 7-week myo-inositol effects. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, our study provides the first evidence that increasing first trimester plasma myo-inositol may slightly exacerbate later pregnancy post-challenge glycaemia, indicating that the optimal timing for starting prenatal myo-inositol supplementation needs further investigation.

14.
J Surg Oncol ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether T2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma should be subclassified remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the impact of the depth of muscularis propria invasion on nodal status and survival outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients with pT2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent primary surgery from January 2009 to June 2017. Clinical data were extracted from prospectively maintained databases. Tumor muscularis propria invasion was stratified into superficial or deep. Binary logistic regression was used to determine risk factors for lymph node metastases. The impact of the depth of muscularis propria invasion on survival was investigated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and a Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: A total of 750 patients from three institutes were investigated. The depth of muscularis propria invasion (odds ratio [OR]: 3.95, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.46-6.35; p < 0.001) was correlated with lymph node metastases using logistic regression. T substage (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.05-1.79; p < 0.001) and N status (HR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.05-2.17; p < 0.001) were independent risk factors in multivariate Cox regression analysis. The deep muscle invasion was associated with worse overall survival (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.19-1.94; p = 0.001) than superficial, specifically in T2N0 patients (HR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.08-1.94; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: We found that deep muscle invasion was associated with significantly worse outcomes and recommended the substaging of pT2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in routine pathological examination.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 661: 1000-1010, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335785

RESUMO

The present study, for the first time, reports the fabrication of core-shell poly(ionic liquids)@ZIF-8 nanocomposites through a facile in-situ polymerization strategy. These composites exhibited exceptional structural characteristics including high specific surface areas and the integration of high-density Lewis acid/base and nucleophilic active sites. The structure-activity relationship, reusability, and versatility of the poly(ionic liquids)@ZIF-8 composites were investigated for the cycloaddition reaction between CO2 and epoxide. By optimizing the composites structures and their catalytic performance, PIL-Br@ZIF-8(2:1) was identified as an exciting catalyst that exhibits high activity and selectivity in the synthesis of various cyclic carbonates under mild or even atmospheric pressure or simulated flue gas conditions. Moreover, the catalyst demonstrated excellent structural stability while maintaining its catalytic activity throughout multiple usage cycles. By combining DFT calculations, we investigated the transition states and intermediate geometries of the cycloaddition reaction in different coordination microenvironments, thereby proposing a synergistic catalytic mechanism involving multiple active sites.

16.
Biomolecules ; 14(2)2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397429

RESUMO

Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing 20 (ZBTB20), which was initially identified in human dendritic cells, belongs to a family of transcription factors (TFs) with an N-terminal BTB domain and one or more C-terminal DNA-binding zinc finger domains. Under physiological conditions, ZBTB20 acts as a transcriptional repressor in cellular development and differentiation, metabolism, and innate immunity. Interestingly, multiple lines of evidence from mice and human systems have revealed the importance of ZBTB20 in the pathogenesis and development of cancers. ZBTB20 is not only a hotspot of genetic variation or fusion in many types of human cancers, but also a key TF or intermediator involving in the dysregulation of cancer cells. Given the diverse functions of ZBTB20 in both health and disease, we herein summarize the structure and physiological roles of ZBTB20, with an emphasis on the latest findings on tumorigenesis and cancer progression.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326625

RESUMO

The development of targeted chemotherapeutic agents against colorectal cancer (CRC), one of the most common cancers with a high mortality rate, is in a constant need. Nannocystins are a family of myxobacterial secondary metabolites featuring a 21-membered depsipeptide ring. The in vitro anti-CRC activity of natural and synthetic nannocystins was well documented, but little is known about their in vivo efficacy and if positive, the underlying mechanism of action. In this study we synthesized a nitroaromatic nannocystin through improved preparation of a key fragment, and characterized its in vitro activity and in vivo efficacy against CRC. We first described the total synthesis of compounds 2-4 featuring Heck macrocyclization to forge their 21-membered macrocycle. In a panel of 7 cancer cell lines from different tissues, compound 4 inhibited the cell viability with IC values of 1-6 nM. In particular, compound 4 (1, 2, 4 nM) inhibited the proliferation of CRC cell lines (HCT8, HCT116 and LoVo) in both concentration and time dependent manners. Furthermore, compound 4 concentration-dependently inhibited the colony formation and migration of CRC cell lines. Moreover, compound 4 induced cell cycle arrest at sub-G1 phase, apoptosis and cellular senescence in CRC cell lines. In three patient-derived CRC organoids, compound 4 inhibited the PDO with IC values of 3.68, 28.93 and 11.81 nM, respectively. In a patient-derived xenograft mouse model, injection of compound 4 (4, 8 mg/kg, i.p.) every other day for 12 times dose-dependently inhibited the tumor growth without significant change in body weight. We conducted RNA-sequencing, molecular docking and cellular thermal shift assay to elucidate the anti-CRC mechanisms of compound 4, and revealed that it exerted its anti-CRC effect at least in part by targeting AKT1.

18.
World J Diabetes ; 15(1): 72-80, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerosis, a leading cause of stroke, involves arterial plaque formation. This study explores the link between plaque remodelling patterns and diabetes using high-resolution vessel wall imaging (HR-VWI). AIM: To investigate the factors of intracranial atherosclerotic remodelling patterns and the relationship between intracranial atherosclerotic remodelling and diabetes mellitus using HR-VWI. METHODS: Ninety-four patients diagnosed with middle cerebral artery or basilar artery atherosclerosis were enrolled. Their basic clinical data were collected, and HR-VWI was performed. The vascular area at the plaque (VAMLN) and normal reference vessel (VAreference) were delineated and measured using image postprocessing software, and the Remodelling index (RI) was calculated. According to the value of the RI, the patients were divided into a positive remodelling (PR) group, intermediate remodelling (IR) group, negative remodelling (NR) group, PR group and non-PR (N-PR) group. RESULTS: The PR group exhibited a higher prevalence of diabetes and serum cholesterol levels than the IR and NR groups [45.2%, 4.54 (4.16, 5.93) vs 25%, 4.80 ± 1.22 and 16.4%, 4.14 (3.53, 4.75), respectively, P < 0.05]. The diabetes incidence was also significantly greater in the PR group than in the N-PR group (45.2% vs 17.5%, P < 0.05). Furthermore, the PR group displayed elevated serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels compared to the N-PR group [1.64 (1.23, 2.33) and 4.54 (4.16, 5.93) vs 4.54 (4.16, 5.93) and 4.24 (3.53, 4.89), P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis revealed diabetes mellitus as an independent influencing factor in plaque-PR [odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 3.718 (1.207-11.454), P < 0.05]. CONCLUSION: HR-VWI can clearly show the morphology and signal characteristics of intracranial vascular walls and plaques. Intracranial atherosclerotic plaques in diabetic patients are more likely to show PR, suggesting poor plaque stability and a greater risk of stroke.

19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(1): 39-44, 2024 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find out factors influencing the compliance of supportive treatment of patients with periodontitis who have received implant restoration therapy. METHODS: Patients who had completed periodontal and implant restoration treatment for more than 5 years in Department of Periodontology, Peking University Hospital of Stomatology were subjected to inclusion between March 2022 and August 2023.A questionnaire was compiled to gather the information including patients ' basic information (gender, age, and educational background etc.), smoking habits, general health conditions, oral hygiene habits, willingness to undertake periodontal and dental implant supportive treatment, actual fact on supportive treatment recorded in medical records, whether medical advices were correctly remembered, and reasons affected them to implement supportive therapy. The questionnaires were handed out to the above patients and filled during the process of follow-up treatment. Chi-square test, univariate and multivariate analysis of Logistic regression were employed to explore the correlations of these factors and the patients' compliance. RESULTS: In the study, 92 patients and questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The results indicated that oral hygiene habits and whether medical advices were correctly remembered had significant correlation with compliance (P < 0.05). Time constraint (47.0%) and difficulty in appointment registration (24.8%) were the top 2 reasons obstructed them to undertake supportive treatment. Although the vast majority of the patients indicated willingness to perform follow-ups, 55.4% of them wouldn't come back until the dentist called them back. The results of our study also indicated that the patients placed significantly less importance on the health of natural teeth than implants. CONCLUSION: In order to improve the compliance of supportive treatment, we suggest that dentists should put more emphasis on oral hygiene instruction, and knowledge regarding periodontitis should also be added as part of patient education contents. In the early stages of treatment, the patient should develop the habit of regular follow-up checks, More attention and patience should be given to elderly patients and those with lower level of education; use language that is easy to understand and printed medical instructions to help them remember. Patients can memorize better from refined doctors' advice, reinforcing care knowledge and refining medical advices can promote better follow-up treatment results. Motivating patients based on their characteristics is critical to improving compliance.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Periodontite , Humanos , Idoso , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Higiene Bucal
20.
Digit Health ; 10: 20552076241233244, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384366

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of texture analysis for lymph node metastasis after thyroid cancer surgery. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) examination before 131I treatment at Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital between 2017 and 2020. Clinical follow-up results were used as the criterion for determining the presence of lymph node metastasis. The study included 119 patients, who were then randomly divided into training and test groups in a 7:3 ratio. Regions of interest were identified, and radiomics features were extracted using LIFEx 7.3.0. Mann-Whitney U test and LASSO regression were employed to screen radiomics parameters for modeling. Subsequently, a nomogram model was built by combining radscore and clinical features. SPSS 26.0 software was utilized for statistical analysis, and p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Follow-up confirmed 54 patients with thyroid cancer lymph node metastasis and 65 patients in the non-metastasis group. A total of 119 lymph nodes were delineated. For each lesion, 164 CT texture features and 164 PET texture features were extracted, and 107 significant parameters were identified, including 16 CT texture parameters and 91 PET texture parameters. After screening, 3 CT parameters, 4 PET parameters and 12 PET/CT parameters were selected to establish three radiomic models. The AUC values were as follows: AUC (CT) = 0.730, AUC (PET) = 0.759 and AUC (PET/CT) = 0.864. We then combined clinical features and radscore to construct a nomogram, resulting in a C-index of 0.915 in the training group. In the test group, the C-index was confirmed to be 0.868. Conclusions: Radiomics may enhance the diagnostic efficiency of lymph node metastases after thyroid cancer surgery and could potentially assist clinicians in future diagnoses. The developed nomogram, which combines radiomics and clinical features, offers relatively high accuracy in helping clinicians assess the risk of metastasis in thyroid patients after surgery.

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