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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(1): 166-171, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788472

RESUMO

Axonal regeneration plays an important role in functional recovery after nervous system damage. However, after axonal injury in mammals, regeneration is often poor. The deletion of Krüppel-like factor-4 (Klf4) has been shown to promote axonal regeneration in retinal ganglion cells. However, the effects of Klf4 deletion on the corticospinal tract and peripheral nervous system are unknown. In this study, using a mouse model of sciatic nerve injury, we show that the expression of Klf4 in dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons was significantly reduced after peripheral axotomy, suggesting that the regeneration of the sciatic nerve is associated with Klf4. In vitro, dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons with Klf4 knockout exhibited significantly enhanced axonal regeneration. Furthermore, the regeneration of the sciatic nerve was enhanced in vivo following Klf4 knockout. Finally, AAV-Cre virus was used to knockout the Klf4 gene in the cortex. The deletion of Klf4 enhanced regeneration of the corticospinal tract in mice with spinal cord injury. Together, our findings suggest that regulating KLF4 activity in neurons is a potential strategy for promoting axonal regeneration and functional recovery after nervous system injury. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee at Soochow University, China (approval No. SUDA20200316A01).

2.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), an effective treatment for patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), is characterized by wide exposure, cancellous bone surgery, and difficult techniques. In addition, the hip joint is deep and of rich muscles and neurovascular supply, which significantly increases bleeding. For patients who had combined proximal femoral osteotomy (PFO), the blood loss may be tremendous. The blood management for PAO is still challenging. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of multi-modal blood management for PAO and PAO combined with PFO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients who had PAO with or without combined procedures from June 2010 to December 2018 in our department. The multi-modal blood management protocol included three parts: (i) pre-operation - autologous component blood donation and iron supplement/erythropoietin; (ii) during operation - controlled hypotension anesthesia, intraoperative auto-blood transfusion, tranexamic acid (20 mg/kg, IV / 0.5 g local), and standardized surgical procedure to shorten surgical time; and (iii) post-operation - no drainage used, selective allo-blood transfusion, and ice packing technique. As the lacking of the above standard blood management protocol during PAO or PAO + PFO initially, we divided all the patients into three groups: Group A (PAO) - before protocol started, 74 hips; Group B (PAO) - after protocol finalized, 178 hips; Group C (PAO + PFO) - after protocol finalized, 55 hips. The intraoperative blood loss, surgical time, allo-transfusion rate, pre- and postoperative hemoglobin were compared among groups. RESULTS: Both the general characteristics and preoperative hemoglobin were comparable among the three groups (P < 0.001). The intraoperative blood loss was 797.1 ± 312.2, 381.7 ± 144.0 and 544.1 ± 249.1 mL, respectively. The surgical time was 109.6 ± 18.5, 80.2 ± 20.0 and 154.3 ± 44.7 min, respectively. The allo-transfusion rate was 86.5%, 0%, and 2%, respectively. The mean decreased value of hemoglobin on the first postoperative day of group B and group C was greater than that of group A, which was associated with the higher allo-transfusion rate of group A. However, on the third postoperative day, the mean decreased value of hemoglobin of group B was less than that of group A and group C. CONCLUSION: Perioperative multi-modal blood management for PAO or PAO + PFO can significantly decrease intraoperative blood loss, reduce allo-transfusion rate from over 80% to 0%, and ensure the rapid recovery of postoperative hemoglobin level.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1648-1653, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the transfusion effectiveness of suspended leucocyte depleted red blood cells (sld RBC) and fresh and irradiated apheresis platelets (fia Plt) in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and to explore the causes and mechanisms of ineffective platelet transfusion in patients with MDS. METHODS: Clinical data of 37 patients with confirmed MDS (WHO standard) such as the sex, age, Hb levels, Plt count, hemorrhage and coagulation functions, TEG and so on, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 37 patients, 15 patients (40.5%) received only sld RBC transfusion, 9 patients (24.3%) received only fia Plt transfusion, and 13 patients (35.1%) received both transfusion. Among the 15 patients with only red blood cell transfusion, 3 patients were ineffective and the ineffectual transfusion rate was 20.0%. Among the 9 patients with only received platelet transfusion, 5 patients were ineffective and the ineffectual transfusion rate was 55.6%, there were significant statistical differences between the two groups (P﹤0.01). The red blood cell transfusion ineffective were 3 patients (23.1%) , the platelet transfusion ineffective were 8 patients (61.5%) and the both transfusion ineffective were 2 patients (15.4%) among the patients both transfusion . The positive rate of platelet antibody in MDS patients with ineffective platelet transfusion was 23.1%. Compared with the normal control group, Human P selectin (P-SelectinCD62P) (P<0.001) and human anti-thrombin 3 antibody (AT-III Ab) (P<0.001) significantly increased and human tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) significantly decreased (P<0.05) in MDS patients with ineffective platelet transfusion. CONCLUSION: In the process of component transfusion for MDS patients, compared with the transfusion of red blood cells, the inefficiencies of platelet transfusion significantly increased, mainly due to the disorder of blood coagulation and the generation of platelet antibodies in MDS patients with ineffective platelet transfusion. Compared with the normal control group, human P selectin and human anti-thrombin 3 antibody significantly increase and human tissue factor pathway inhibitor significantly decreases in MDS patients with ineffective platelet transfusion. Human P selectin, human anti-thrombin 3 antibody and human tissue factor pathway inhibitor in molecular markers and fibrinolytic markers can be used as indicators of platelet transfusion time and efficiency in patients with MDS.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Humanos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 6: 53, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083532

RESUMO

Histologic special types of breast cancer (BC) account for ~20% of BCs. Large sequencing studies of metastatic BC have focused on invasive ductal carcinomas of no special type (IDC-NSTs). We sought to define the repertoire of somatic genetic alterations of metastatic histologic special types of BC. We reanalyzed targeted capture sequencing data of 309 special types of BC, including metastatic and primary invasive lobular carcinomas (ILCs; n = 132 and n = 127, respectively), mixed mucinous (n = 5 metastatic and n = 14 primary), micropapillary (n = 12 metastatic and n = 8 primary), and metaplastic BCs (n = 6 metastatic and n = 5 primary), and compared metastatic histologic special types of BC to metastatic IDC-NSTs matched according to clinicopathologic characteristics and to primary special type BCs. The genomic profiles of metastatic and primary special types of BC were similar. Important differences, however, were noted: metastatic ILCs harbored a higher frequency of genetic alterations in TP53, ESR1, FAT1, RFWD2, and NF1 than primary ILCs, and in CDH1, PIK3CA, ERBB2, TBX3, NCOR1, and RFWD2 than metastatic IDC-NSTs. Metastatic ILCs displayed a higher mutational burden, and more frequently dominant APOBEC mutational signatures than primary ILCs and matched metastatic IDC-NSTs. ESR1 and NCOR mutations were frequently detected in metastatic mixed mucinous BCs, whereas PIK3CA and TP53 were the most frequently altered genes in metastatic micropapillary and metaplastic BCs, respectively. Taken together, primary and metastatic BCs histologic special types have remarkably similar repertoires of somatic genetic alterations. Metastatic ILCs more frequently harbor APOBEC mutational signatures than primary ILCs and metastatic IDC-NSTs.

5.
iScience ; 23(10): 101579, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083745

RESUMO

In vivo two-photon deep imaging with a broad field of view has revealed functional connectivity among brain regions. Here, we developed a novel observation method that utilizes a polyethylene-oxide-coated CYTOP (PEO-CYTOP) nanosheet with a thickness of ∼130 nm that exhibited a water retention effect and a hydrophilized adhesive surface. PEO-CYTOP nanosheets firmly adhered to brain surfaces, which suppressed bleeding from superficial veins. By taking advantage of the excellent optical properties of PEO-CYTOP nanosheets, we performed in vivo deep imaging in mouse brains at high resolution. Moreover, PEO-CYTOP nanosheets enabled to prepare large cranial windows, achieving in vivo imaging of neural structure and Ca2+ elevation in a large field of view. Furthermore, the PEO-CYTOP nanosheets functioned as a sealing material, even after the removal of the dura. These results indicate that this method would be suitable for the investigation of neural functions that are composed of interactions among multiple regions.

6.
J Proteome Res ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084340

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has impacted a large portion of the world population. From a virus genetic perspective, a recent study described what genomic data revealed about the origin and emergence of SARS-CoV-2, proposing stronger action against illegal wildlife trade. In the current "big data" era, an increasing number of large-scale, multidimensional omics data sets were publicly available. Herein, we review how human genetics tells us about the transmission, pathogenesis, susceptibility, severity, and drug prioritization of COVID-19. We further drafted a genetic roadmap of COVID-19, which was also expected to be applicable to other viruses with known receptors. Our review provides insights into the way of understanding a pandemic from a human genetic perspective.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 19546-19562, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049719

RESUMO

Induced pluripotent stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells are pluripotent stem cells that represent promising therapies for treating various tissue injuries and wound healing. Exosomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles that have been identified as important mediators of therapeutic functions, which are performed via cell communication. In this study, we compared the efficacy of induced pluripotent stem cells-derived exosomes (iPSCs-Exos) and mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes (MSCs-Exos) in treating corneal epithelial defects. The characteristics of the two types of exosomes were not significantly different. Compared to MSCs-Exos, iPSCs-Exos had a better in vitro effect on the proliferation, migration, cell cycle promotion and apoptosis inhibition of human corneal epithelial cells. iPSCs/MSCs-Exos promoted cell regeneration by upregulating cyclin A and CDK2 to drive HCECs to enter the S phase from the G0/G1 phase. In vivo results from a corneal epithelial defect model showed that both iPSCs-Exos and MSCs-Exos accelerated corneal epithelium defect healing while the effects of iPSCs-Exos were much stronger than those of MSCs-Exos. This study demonstrated that iPSCs-Exos had a better therapeutic effect on corneal epithelial defect healing. Thus, a novel potential nanotherapeutic strategy for treating corneal epithelial defects and even more ocular surface disease could be undertaken by using iPSCs-Exos dissolved in eye drops.

8.
J Surg Res ; 258: 162-169, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) is a minimally invasive technique widely developed in the last few decades. Although magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) is used during cholangiojejunostomy, its applicability in LPD has not yet been reported. Herein, we evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of magnamosis in LPD. METHODS: Between January 2018 and December 2019, seven patients who underwent laparoscopic magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy (LMC-CJ) or laparoscopic magnetic compression pancreatojejunostomy (LMC-PJ) in LPD were enrolled. After LPD, a parent magnet with or without a drainage tube was placed in the proximal bile duct and pancreatic duct of each patient. Daughter magnets were introduced to couple with the parent magnets at the desired sites. A close postoperative surveillance of magnet movements was performed. Various relevant data were collected, and all patients were followed up until February 2020. RESULTS: LPD was successfully completed in all seven patients, of which seven underwent LMC-CJ and two received LMC-PJ. The median time needed for completion of LMC-CJ was 11 min (range, 8-16). The cost time for the two cases of LMC-PJ was 12 and 15 min, respectively. After a median time of 50 d (range, 40-170) postoperation, all magnets were expelled. No leakages of LMC-CJ or LMC-PJ were observed after operation. After a median follow-up period of 11 mo (range, 4-18), there was no incidence of anastomotic stricture.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142488, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022461

RESUMO

Excessive nutrient discharges and changes in nutrient ratios caused by global change and anthropogenic activities have been reported in global rivers; however, the actual alterations occurring in the Yellow River environment is too fast to catch up with. From 2001 to 2018, dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) and dissolved silicon (DSi) concentrations showed decreasing trends in the lower Yellow River throughout the study period. Dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) concentrations increased since 2009, reaching up to 95% of the total dissolved phosphorus. Annual minimum dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations increased with time. We observed extremely low nutrient concentration events since 2014 in response to the retention effect of large reservoirs; this significantly reduced the downstream water discharge and sediment load and increased phytoplankton uptake. To further analyze the variability of nutrient fluxes, we quantified the fluxes to the Yellow River from natural (runoff, precipitation deposition, and sediment load from the Loess Plateau), anthropogenic (recharged water, fertilizer application, and vegetation coverage), social and industrial (population urbanization, GDP, and sewage effluents) sources. The highest contributions of total nutrient fluxes emptied into the Yellow River was fertilizer losing (44-48%) for DIN, sewage effluents (85-88%) for DIP, and runoff (35-65%) for DSi, respectively. Strictly controlling the amount of fertilizer and improving the application methods, improving sewage treatment technology, and vigorously promoting "green travel" might reduce nutrients emptied into the Yellow River based on the main sources of nutrients. Our study may help policy makers formulate strategies and it is possible to own a better water quality in the Yellow River.

10.
Chem Asian J ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025759

RESUMO

Occurrence and development of cancer are multifactorial and multistep processes which involve complicated cellular signaling pathways. Mitochondria, as the energy producer in cells, play key roles in tumor cell growth and division. Since mitochondria of tumor cells have a more negative membrane potential than those of normal cells, several fluorescent imaging probes have been developed for mitochondria-targeted imaging and photodynamic therapy. Conventional fluorescent dyes suffer from aggregation-caused quenching effect, while novel aggregation-induced emission (AIE) probes are ideal candidates for biomedical applications due to their large stokes shift, strong photo-bleaching resistance, and high quantum yield. This review aims to introduce the recent advances in the design and application of mitochondria-targeted AIE probes. The comprehensive review focuses on the structure-property relationship of these imaging probes, expecting to inspire the development of more practical and versatile AIE fluorogens (AIEgens) as tumor imaging and therapy agents for preclinical and clinical use.

11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(5): 3436-3446, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are close relationships between the spleen and limb muscles and thoughts. The study aims to test the effects of ginsenoside Rg1 in combination with acupuncture of the Beishu acupoint on T cell subsets of rats with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: The model was set up by combining forced cold-water swimming with chronic restraint. The rats were randomly divided into blank control, model, ginsenoside, acupuncture, and ginsenoside plus acupuncture groups (n=10). For the acupuncture group, the Beishu acupoint was acupunctured on the 2nd day after modeling. For the ginsenoside group, the ginsenoside Rg1 solution was injected into the tail vein on the 2nd day after modeling. For the combination group, both processes were conducted. These groups were compared regarding exhausted swimming time, number of struggles, resting time, serum levels of IgA, IgG, IgM, IFN-α, IFN-ß, and IFN-γ, lymphocyte transformation rate, T cell subsets, and skeletal muscle activities of malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidative capacity (T-AOC) and acetylcholinesterase (Ache). RESULTS: The exhausted swimming time, number of struggles, and resting time of combination group surpassed those in the ginsenoside and acupuncture groups significantly (P<0.05). The serum levels of IgA, IgG, IgM, IFN-ß, IFN-γ, T-AOC, and Ache, together with CD3+ and CD8+ T cell percentages of combination groups, were significantly higher than those of ginsenoside and acupuncture groups. However, the IFN-α level, MDA activity, and CD4+ T cell percentage were significantly lower (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratios of acupuncture, ginsenoside, and combination groups decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the combination group, the ratio of the ginsenoside group increased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both acupuncture of the Beishu acupoint and intravenous injection of ginsenoside Rg1 have anti-fatigue effects, and their combination works synergistically. This study supplies an experimental basis for joint therapy using acupuncture and drugs to combat fatigue synergistically.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057425

RESUMO

To provide the general information on corneal transplantation (CT) in China, China Cornea Society designed a questionnaire on CT from 2014 to 2018 and entrusted it to 31 committee members for implementation of the survey nationwide. This article presents the results of the survey and compares the indicators used in the survey and those in the annual statistical report released by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA). The number of corneal transplantations completed by the 64 hospitals from 2014 to 2018 was respectively 5377, 6394, 7595, 8270 and 8980, totally 36,616 (22,959 male and 13,657 female). The five largest hospitals by the number of corneal transplantations completed 15,994 surgeries in total, accounting for 43.68% of all the surgeries performed in the 64 hospitals. The most common indication for corneal transplantations was corneal leukoma (7683, 20.98%), followed by bacterial keratitis (4209, 11.49%), corneal dystrophies (4189, 11.44%), keratoconus (3578, 9.77%) and corneal perforation (2839, 7.75%). The main surgical techniques were penetrating keratoplasty (PK) (19,896, 54.34%), anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) (13,869, 37.88%). The proportion of PK decreased from 57.97% in 2014 to 52.88% in 2018 while the proportion of ALK increased from 36.04% in 2014 to 37.92% in 2018. The geographical distribution of keratoplasties performed in China is unbalanced. PK and ALK were the main techniques of CT and corneal leukoma, bacterial keratitis and corneal dystrophies were the main indications for CT in China.

13.
FASEB J ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058239

RESUMO

Poly (rC)-binding protein 1 (PCBP1), an RNA- or DNA-binding protein with a relative molecular weight of 38 kDa, which is characterized by downregulation in many cancer types. Numerous cases have indicated that PCBP1 could be considered as a tumor suppressor to inhibit tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis. In the current review, we described the multilevel regulatory roles of PCBP1, including gene transcription, alternative splicing, and translation of many cancer-related genes. Additionally, we also provided a brief overview about the inhibitory effect of PCBP1 on most common tumors. More importantly, we summarized the current research status about PCBP1 in hypoxic microenvironment, autophagy, apoptosis, and chemotherapy of cancer cells, aiming to clarify the molecular mechanisms of PCBP1 in cancer. Taken together, in-depth study of PCBP1 in cancer may provide new ideas for cancer therapy.

14.
Environ Technol ; : 1-29, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063640

RESUMO

The effects of pure oxygen aeration on organic pollutants removal performance and effluent soluble microbial products (SMP) characteristics of salt-tolerant sludge for the treatment of wastewater with the salinity from 1.0% to 3.5% were investigated. The results showed that the oxygen transfer efficiency of the pure oxygen aeration was higher than that of the air aeration. At the low salinities (0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%), the total organic carbon (TOC) removal rates were 71.42%, 72.88% and 76.30%, respectively, much higher than those with air aeration. However, there were no significant differences of TOC removal efficiency between the air aeration and the pure oxygen aeration at high salinities (2.5% and 3.5%). The SMP contents showed a trend of first decline and then increase generally. The content of SMP with pure oxygen aeration was lower than that with air aeration at low salinity, whereas an opposite result was obtained for salinity above 2.5%. Five excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence peaks detected in the SMP with pure oxygen aeration and air aeration were assigned to tryptophan protein-like, tyrosine protein-like and humic acid-like substances. Humic acid-like fluorescence mainly appeared in the SMP with air aeration, which may be due to respiratory failure under air aeration conditions.

15.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 18(1): 99, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046081

RESUMO

The toxic effects of ionizing radiation on the gonads have been widely recognized. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) has a protective effect on ovarian injury, and although it is known that mitochondria are involved in this process, the specific mechanism is not fully understood. The present study analysed the changes in the serum AMH and ovarian histology in Sprague-Dawley female rats exposed to X-ray radiation only or co-administered with S1P. The mRNA expression profile of ovarian tissue was further analysed via next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics approaches to screen out candidate mitochondria-related genes. Finally, differentially expressed target genes were verified by real-time PCR. The results showed that ionizing radiation could reduce the serum AMH level, destroy ovarian structure and decrease the number of follicles in rats, while S1P administration significantly attenuated the impairment of ovarian function. Gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis revealed that a variety of genes related to mitochondrial function were differentially expressed, and the protective effect of S1P on mitochondria was more obvious in the acute phase 24 h after radiation. The differentially expressed mitochondrial function-related genes associated with the protective effect of S1P were UQCRH, MICU2 and GPX4, which were subsequently verified by RT-PCR. Therefore, ionizing radiation has a significant effect on ovarian function, and S1P has a protective effect on radiation-induced ovarian injury, in which mitochondria may play an important role. This study sheds new light on the mechanism of radiation-induced ovarian injury and helps develop a novel potential strategy to control it.

16.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-12, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048583

RESUMO

Nurses face a greater risk of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs) because they do most of the injections and procedures with sharp instruments. The current study tested a program to improve nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices on NSIs, three phases were included: Developing the Hospital Practice Standard, implementing a series of measures and implementing of quality supervision phases. It consisted of a bundle of interventions based on Knowledge-Attitudes-Belief-Practice (KAP-KABP) Model with a pretest-posttest design. We obtained a total of 656 (88.53%) completed pre-intervention questionnaires and 674 (92.97%) post-intervention ones. The number of trained participants on NSIs increased from 615 (93.7%) to 666 (98.8%), and reported of NSIs within 3 months decreased from 42 to 15 (2.2%) after the intervention. The total score of Knowledge of NSIs improved from 19.18 (SD = 1.31) to 19.42 (SD = 0.93) after training (Z = -4.025, P < 0.001), the Attitude was raised from 54.21 (SD = 4.09) to 55.24 (SD = 3.59) (Z = -5.261, P < 0.001), and the Practice increased from 89.28 (SD = 7.22) to 92.74 (SD = 7.22), with a P Value<0.05. The findings indicated the program can improve the nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards NSIs prevention. There is a statistically significant increase in the practice score and decrease in the incidence rate of NSIs after the intervention.

17.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520950111, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050750

RESUMO

Solitary fibrous tumors are rare mesenchymal tumors that typically arise from the pleura and rarely originate from the mesentery. We herein report a case involving a 66-year-old patient who presented with a mass on the left abdomen. This mass had been incidentally noticed 10 years earlier. The patient sometimes experienced abdominal pain. Physical examination revealed an irregular mass, which was resected. A biopsy of the mass revealed that it was a solitary fibrous tumor originating from the mesentery of the small intestine. The patient was discharged 1 week after surgery and had an uneventful clinical course throughout the 4-month postoperative follow-up.

18.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1717, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013823

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial injury caused by post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph (PHSML) return is an important manifestation during refractory hemorrhagic shock. Using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and transcriptome analysis, this study sought to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the adverse effect of PHSML on vascular endothelium. Post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph was collected from male rats after they underwent hemorrhagic shock and following resuscitation, while normal mesenteric lymph (NML) was harvested from sham rats. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with the culture medium containing either 10% phosphate buffered saline (Control), NML, or PHSML for 3 h, and then were harvested for RNA sequencing. In comparison with NML treated cells, 37 genes were differentially expressed in PHSML-treated HUVECs, including 32 upregulated genes and five downregulated genes. These differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in inflammatory pathways, including signaling pathways for activation of the NOD-like receptors, NF-κB, and TNF. Furthermore, we found that C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) was increased significantly after PHSML treatment, and Bindarit, a CCL2 production inhibitor, attenuated the damage of HUVECs induced by PHSML. The results provide molecular evidence on vascular endothelium damage caused by PHSML. C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 might represent a new target for reducing vascular injury after severe hemorrhagic shock.

19.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017473

RESUMO

Semi-allogeneic embryos are not rejected by the maternal immune system due to maternal-fetal immune tolerance. Progesterone (P) receptor (PR)-expressing γδ T cells are present in healthy pregnant women. In the presence of P, these cells secrete an immunomodulatory protein called progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF), which can facilitate immune escape and is important in preventing embryonic rejection. This work investigated the correlations of the expression of γδ T cells and their costimulatory molecules TIGIT, PD-1, ICOS, and BTLA with PR and PIBF in peripheral blood and decidual tissue in women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) and normal pregnant (NP) women. We confirmed that γδ T cell proportions and PIBF expression in the peripheral blood and decidua of URSA women decreased significantly, while PR expression in decidua decreased. However, TIGIT, PD-1, ICOS, and BTLA expression in γδ T cells in peripheral blood did not change, while TIGIT and PD-1 expression in γδ T cells in decidua increased significantly. Under the action of PHA-P (10 µg/ml), co-blocking of TIGIT (15 µg/ml) and PD-1 (10 µg/ml) antibodies further induced γδ T cell proliferation, but PIBF levels in the culture medium supernatant did not change. At 10-10 M P, γδ T cells proliferated significantly, and PIBF concentrations in the culture medium supernatant increased. γδ T cells co-cultured with P, TIGIT and PD-1 blocking antibodies showed the most significant proliferation, and PIBF concentrations in the culture medium supernatant were the highest. These results confirm that P is necessary for PIBF production. The TIGIT and PD-1 pathways participate in γδ T cell proliferation and activation and PIBF expression and play important roles in maintaining pregnancy.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021307

RESUMO

Discrete supertetrahedral clusters of metal chalcogenides are rare because of the difficulty involved in meeting global charge matching between the negative charge of the skeleton and counterion. We present herein the third type of a discrete chalcogenide cluster with a double T3 structure in the compound (HDBN)6[In20S33(DBN)6] (DBN = 1,5-diazabicyclo [4.3.0]-5-nonene), the anion of which features quasi-D3 symmetrical double-T3 In20S33 supertetrahedra with six cornered indium atoms coordinated by DBN molecules. DFT theory calculations of the interaction between host and guest show that this compound may have high kinetic stability and low photoelectric reactivity.

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