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1.
Environ Pollut ; : 123929, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582190

RESUMO

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a reproductive toxin produced by cyanobacteria in the aquatic environment and can be ingested by humans through drinking water and the food chain, posing a threat to human reproductive health. However, the toxic mechanisms and prospective interventions for MC-LR-induced ovarian dysfunction at environmental doses are unknown. The mulberry fruit is a traditional natural product of plant origin, with various pharmacological effects such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Here, mice were exposed to MC-LR (10, 100 µg/L) in drinking water for 90 days, during which mice were gavage 600 mg/kg/week of mulberry fruit extract (MFE). It was found that MC-LR can accumulate in mouse ovaries, causing sexual hormone disturbance, inflammatory infiltration, and ovarian pathological damage. Results from RNA-seq were shown that CCL2, a chemokine associated with inflammatory response, was significantly increased in mouse ovary after MC-LR exposure. Further investigation revealed that MC-LR exposure aggravates apoptosis of granulosa cells via the CCL2-CCR10 axis-mediated Jak/Stat pathway. Importantly, MFE can significantly ameliorates these ovarian dysfunction phenotypes by inhibiting the activation of the CCL2-CCR10 axis. This study broadened new insights into the ovarian toxicity of MC-LR and clarified the pharmacological effects of mulberry fruit on ovarian function protection.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2311611, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479726

RESUMO

Topological photonics provide a promising way to realize more robust optical devices against some defects and environmental perturbations. Quantum logic gates are fundamental units of quantum computers, which are widely used in future quantum information processing. Thus, constructing robust universal quantum logic gates is an important way forward to practical quantum computing. However, the most important problem to be solved is how to construct the quantum-logic-gate-required 2 × 2 beam splitter with topological protection. Here, the experimental realization of the topologically protected contradirectional coupler is reported, which can be employed to realize the quantum logic gates, including control-NOT and Hadamard gates, on the silicon photonic platform. These quantum gates not only have high experimental fidelities but also exhibit a certain degree of tolerances against certain types of defects. This work paves the way for the development of practical optical quantum computations and signal processing.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170543, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309369

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a class of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) widely present in the environment. PCBs have been of concern due to their anti/estrogen-like effects, which make them more toxic to the female reproductive system. However, there is still a lack of systematic reviews on the reproductive toxicity of PCBs in females, so the adverse effects and mechanisms of PCBs on the female reproductive system were summarized in this paper. Our findings showed that PCBs are positively associated with lower pregnancy rate, hormone disruption, miscarriage and various reproductive diseases in women. In animal experiments, PCBs can damage the structure and function of the ovaries, uterus and oviducts. Also, PCBs could produce epigenetic effects and be transferred to the offspring through the maternal placenta, causing development retardation, malformation and death of embryos, and damage to organs of multiple generations. Furthermore, the mechanisms of PCBs-induced female reproductive toxicity mainly include receptor-mediated hormone disorders, oxidative stress, apoptosis, autophagy, and epigenetic modifications. Finally, we also present some directions for future research on the reproductive toxicity of PCBs. This detailed information provided a valuable reference for fully understanding the reproductive toxicity of PCBs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Bifenilos Policlorados , Gravidez , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Reprodução , Estrogênios , Ovário , Poluentes Ambientais/análise
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1647, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388485

RESUMO

Topological photonics provides a new degree of freedom to robustly control electromagnetic fields. To date, most of established topological states in photonics have been employed in Euclidean space. Motivated by unique properties of hyperbolic lattices, which are regular tessellations in non-Euclidean space with a constant negative curvature, the boundary-dominated hyperbolic topological states have been proposed. However, limited by highly crowded boundary resonators and complicated site couplings, the hyperbolic topological insulator has only been experimentally constructed in electric circuits. How to achieve hyperbolic photonic topological insulators is still an open question. Here, we report the experimental realization of hyperbolic photonic topological insulators using coupled ring resonators on silicon chips. Boundary-dominated one-way edge states with pseudospin-dependent propagation directions have been observed. Furthermore, the robustness of edge states in hyperbolic photonic topological insulators is also verified. Our findings have potential applications in the field of designing high-efficient topological photonic devices with enhanced boundary responses.

5.
Med Chem ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to overcome the growing antibiotic resistance. Moreover, the new series of emodin alkyl azoles were synthesized. METHOD: The novel emodin alkyl azoles were synthesized using commercial emodin and azoles by alkylation. The NMR and HRMS spectra were employed to confirm the structures of novel prepared compounds. The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the prepared emodin compounds were studied by the 96-well plate method. The binding behavior between emodin 4-nitro imidazole compound 3c and S. aureus DNA was researched using an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer. Furthermore, fluorescence spectrometry was used to explore the interaction with human serum albumin (HSA). RESULTS: The in vitro antimicrobial results displayed that compound 3c gave relatively strong activities with MIC values of 4-16 µg/mL. Notably, this compound exhibited 2-fold more potent activity against S. aureus (MIC = 4 µg/mL) and E. coli (MIC = 8 µg/mL) strains than clinical drug Chloromycin (MIC = 8 and 16 µg/mL). The UV-vis absorption spectroscopy showed that 4-nitro imidazole emodin 3c could form the 3c-DNA complex by intercalating into S. aureus DNA, inhibiting antimicrobial activities. The simulation results displayed that the emodin 3c and DNA complex were formed by hydrogen bonds. The spectral experiment demonstrated that compound 3c could be transported by human serum albumin (HSA) via hydrogen bonds. The molecular simulation found that the hydroxyl group and the nitroimidazole ring of the emodin compound showed an important role in transportation behavior. CONCLUSION: This work may supply useful directions for the exploration of novel antimicrobial agents.

6.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 153-160, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322543

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation between 5 dimensions of personality, physical activity (PA), and bone mineral density (BMD) among college students. Methods: A total of 705 undergraduates (329 males and 376 females) from a sports university were recruited. Based on their sports training experience, the participants were divided into 6 major sports groups, including ball sports, skilled sports, competitive sports, track and field, leisure sports, and no sports. Students with professional sports training (ie, athletes) were categorized into ballgame, skilled, competitive, and track and field groups, while the rest (non-athletes) were placed in leisure and no sports groups. Ten-Item Personality Inventory in China (TIPI-C), or the 5-factor model of personality, was used to measure the 5 personality dimensions of openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism of the participants. Their daily level was measured with GT3X+ triaxial accelerometers over 7 continuous days. Then, parameter thresholds were established and the participants' PA was categorized as light (LPA), moderate (MPA), and vigorous (VPA). The bone mineral density (BMD) of arms, legs, and the total body was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The mediation effect of PA and that of the 5-factor model of personality were tested using PROCESS and Sobel tests. The correlation between the 5 personality dimensions, PA, and BMD was explored, with PA and the 5 personality dimensions as mediator variables. A comparison of PA and BMD was conducted across the 6 major sports groups. The correlation between PA of different intensities and BMD was also analyzed using Spearman's correlation. Results: Although there were 90 potential relationships between PA, the 5 personality dimensions, and BMD, only 3 were significant. When conscientiousness was used as an independent variable and MPA, as a mediating variable, statistically significant differences in PROCESS results were reported (P<0.01), with MPA mediating 17.3% of arm BMD, 19.4% of leg BMD, and 19.1% of total body BMD. Among male students, there was no significant difference in LPA among the 6 groups, but significant differences in MPA and VPA (P<0.05). Among female students, significant differences in LPA, MPA, and VPA were observed in all 6 groups and the differences between MPA and VPA were especially prominent (P<0.05). For both males and females, the differences in arm, leg, and total body BMD across the 6 groups were statistically significant (P<0.05), with these differences being more pronounced in females. There was no correlation between LPA and BMD in either sex. MPA and VPA were positively correlated with BMD, with MPA correlating with arm, leg, and total body BMD (males, Spearman's correlation [rs]: 0.11-0.14, P<0.05; females, rs: 0.20-0.23, P<0.01). VPA correlated with arm, leg, and total body BMD (males, rs: 0.11-0.23, P<0.05; females, rs: 0.26-0.30, P<0.01). Conclusion: MPA is associated with BMD in college students scoring high in the conscientiousness dimension of personality. In addition, there is a weak positive correlation between both MPA and VPA and BMD levels, with these associations being more pronounced in females.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Estudantes , Personalidade
7.
Arch Toxicol ; 98(3): 663-687, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38252150

RESUMO

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a toxin produced by cyanobacteria, which is widely distributed in eutrophic water bodies and has multi-organ toxicity. Previous cytotoxicity studies have mostly elucidated the effects of MC-LR on intracellular-related factors, proteins, and DNA at the molecular level. However, there have been few studies on the adverse effects of MC-LR on cell ultrastructure and function. Therefore, research on the cytotoxicity of MC-LR in recent years was collected and summarized. It was found that MC-LR can induce a series of cytotoxic effects, including decreased cell viability, induced autophagy, apoptosis and necrosis, altered cell cycle, altered cell morphology, abnormal cell migration and invasion as well as leading to genetic damage. The above cytotoxic effects were related to the damage of various ultrastructure and functions such as cell membranes and mitochondria. Furthermore, MC-LR can disrupt cell ultrastructure and function by inducing oxidative stress and inhibiting protein phosphatase activity. In addition, the combined toxic effects of MC-LR and other environmental pollutants were investigated. This review explored the toxic targets of MC-LR at the subcellular level, which will provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of multi-organ toxicity caused by MC-LR.


Assuntos
Toxinas Marinhas , Microcistinas , Microcistinas/toxicidade , Apoptose , Estresse Oxidativo
8.
J Gene Med ; 26(1): e3643, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38044747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death (PCD) has been widely investigated in various human diseases. The present study aimed to identify a novel PCD-related genetic signature in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC) to provide clues for survival, immunotherapy and drug sensitization prediction. METHODS: Single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was used to quantify the PCD score and assess the distribution of PCD in clinicopathological characteristics in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-CESC samples. Then, the ConsensusClusterPlus method was used to identify molecular subtypes in the TCGA-CESC database. Genomic mutation analysis, Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes functional enrichment, as well as tumor microenvironment (TME) infiltration analysis, were performed for each molecular subtype group. Finally, a prognostic model by Uni-Cox and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator-Cox analysis was established based on differentially expressed genes from molecular subtypes. ESTIMATE (i.e. Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignantTumours using Expression data) and ssGSEA were performed to assess the correlation between the model and TME. Drug sensitization prediction was carried out with the oncoPredict package. RESULTS: Preliminary analysis indicated that PCD had a potential association clinical characteristics of the TCGA-CESC cohort, and PCD-related genes mutated in 289 (70.59%) CESC patients. Next, four groups of CESC molecular typing were clustered based on 63 significantly prognostic PCD-related genes. Among four subtypes, C1 group displayed the worst prognosis combined with over expressed PCD genes and enriched cell cycle-related pathways. C4 group exhibited the best prognosis accompanied with high degree of immune infiltration. Finally, a five-gene (SERPINE1, TNF, CA9, CX3CL1 and JAK3) prognostic model was constructed. Patients in the high-risk group displayed unfavorable survival. Immune infiltration analysis found that the low-risk group had significantly higher levels of immune cell infiltration such as T cells, Macrophages_M1, relative to the high-risk group, and were significantly enriched in apoptosis-associated pathways, which predicted a higher level of immunity. Drug sensitivity correlation analysis revealed that the high-risk group was resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic drugs and sensitive to the Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs BI.2536_1086 and SCH772984_1564. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we first found that PCD-related gene expression patterns were correlated with clinical features of CESC patients, which predicts the feasibility of subsequent mining of prognostic features based on these genes. The five-PCD-associated-gene prognostic model showed good assessment ability in predicting patient prognosis, immune response and drug-sensitive response, and provided guidance for the elucidation of the mechanism by which PCD affects CESC, as well as for the clinical targeting of drugs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Prognóstico , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
9.
iScience ; 26(10): 107888, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37766986

RESUMO

This study found that the level of neuroepithelial cell-transforming gene 1 protein (NET1) was significantly increased in a mouse cardiac fibrosis model. Moreover, the expression level of NET1 was increased in cardiac fibrosis induced by TGF-ß1, suggesting that NET1 was involved in the pathological process of cardiac fibrosis. Overexpression of NET1 promoted ß-catenin expression in the nucleus and significantly increased the proliferation and migration of cardiac fibroblasts. NET1 may form a complex with ß-catenin through GSK3ß. Knockdown of ß-catenin alleviated the effects of NET1 overexpression on collagen production and cell migration. In the heart of NET1 knockout mice, NET1 knockout can reduce the expression of ß-catenin, α-SMA, and collagen content induced by MI. In conclusion, NET1 may regulate the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin and TGF/Smads signaling pathway, promote collagen synthesis in fibroblasts, and participate in cardiac fibrosis. Thus, NET1 may be a potential therapeutic target in cardiac fibrosis.

10.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 355, 2023 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients usually present with parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE), which complicates the treatment of pneumonia. This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of elderly CAP patients hospitalised with PPE. METHODS: The clinical data of 132 elderly patients with CAP were retrospectively analysed. A total of 54 patients with PPE (PPE group) and 78 patients without PPE (NPPE group) were included in this study. Clinical data, laboratory examinations, treatments and other relevant indicators were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis will be used to explore the possible risk factors for PPE. RESULTS: The proportion of PPE in elderly patients with CAP was 40.9%. PPE patients were significantly more likely to be older, have comorbid neurological diseases, experience chest tightness, and have a lasting fever (P < 0.05). In contrast to NPPE patients, the total number of lymphocytes, serum albumin and blood sodium levels in the PPE group were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The blood D-dimer, C-reactive protein and CURB-65 score of PPE patients were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of NPPE patients. Multivariate logistic regression identified chest tightness (OR = 3.964, 95% CI: 1.254-12.537, P = 0.019), long duration of fever (OR = 1.108, 95%CI: 1.009-1.217, P = 0.03), low serum albumin (OR = 0.876, 95%CI: 0.790- 0.971, P = 0.012) or low blood sodium (OR = 0.896, 95%CI: 0.828-0.969, P = 0.006) as independently associated with the development of parapneumonic pleural effusion in the elderly. CONCLUSION: This study has identified several clinical factors, such as chest tightness, long duration of fever, low serum albumin, and low blood sodium, as risk factors for the development of pleural effusion in elderly patients with CAP. Early identification and prompt management of these patients can prevent inappropriate treatment and reduce morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Derrame Pleural , Pneumonia , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Derrame Pleural/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Febre/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Albumina Sérica , Sódio
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(14)2023 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37511184

RESUMO

Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is a prevalent food allergy among infants and young children. We conducted a randomized, multicenter intervention study involving 194 non-breastfed infants with CMPA until 12 months of age (clinical trial registration: NCT03085134). One exploratory objective was to assess the effects of a whey-based extensively hydrolyzed formula (EHF) supplemented with 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL) and lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnT) on the fecal microbiome and metabolome in this population. Thus, fecal samples were collected at baseline, 1 and 3 months from enrollment, as well as at 12 months of age. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) supplementation led to the enrichment of bifidobacteria in the gut microbiome and delayed the shift of the microbiome composition toward an adult-like pattern. We identified specific HMO-mediated changes in fecal amino acid degradation and bile acid conjugation, particularly in infants commencing the HMO-supplemented formula before the age of three months. Thus, HMO supplementation partially corrected the dysbiosis commonly observed in infants with CMPA. Further investigation is necessary to determine the clinical significance of these findings in terms of a reduced incidence of respiratory infections and other potential health benefits.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Criança , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Leite Humano , Oligossacarídeos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Metaboloma , Fórmulas Infantis/química
12.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(35): 83113-83137, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37347330

RESUMO

Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are increasingly concerned substance endangering human health and environment. However, there is no unified standard for identifying chemicals as EDCs, which is also controversial internationally. In this review, the procedures for EDC identification in different organizations/countries were described. Importantly, three aspects to be considered in identifying chemical substances as EDCs were summarized, which were mechanistic data, animal experiments, and epidemiological information. The relationships between them were also discussed. To elaborate more clearly on these three aspects of evidence, scientific data on some chemicals including bisphenol A, 1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2 dibromoethyl) cyclohexane and perchlorate were collected and evaluated. Altogether, the above three chemicals were assessed for interfering with hormones and elaborated their health hazards from macroscopic to microscopic. This review is helpful for standardizing the identification procedure of EDCs.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos , Poluentes Ambientais , Animais , Humanos , Hormônios
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 414, 2023 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37287036

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically assess the quality of radiomics research in giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) and to test the feasibility of analysis at the level of radiomics feature. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data to identify articles of GCTB radiomics until 31 July 2022. The studies were assessed by radiomics quality score (RQS), transparent reporting of a multivariable prediction model for individual prognosis or diagnosis (TRIPOD) statement, checklist for artificial intelligence in medical imaging (CLAIM), and modified quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool. The radiomic features selected for model development were documented. RESULTS: Nine articles were included. The average of the ideal percentage of RQS, the TRIPOD adherence rate and the CLAIM adherence rate were 26%, 56%, and 57%, respectively. The risk of bias and applicability concerns were mainly related to the index test. The shortness in external validation and open science were repeatedly emphasized. In GCTB radiomics models, the gray level co-occurrence matrix features (40%), first order features (28%), and gray-level run-length matrix features (18%) were most selected features out of all reported features. However, none of the individual feature has appeared repeatably in multiple studies. It is not possible to meta-analyze radiomics features at present. CONCLUSION: The quality of GCTB radiomics studies is suboptimal. The reporting of individual radiomics feature data is encouraged. The analysis at the level of radiomics feature has potential to generate more practicable evidence for translating radiomics into clinical application.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Int J Biol Sci ; 19(7): 2067-2080, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37151873

RESUMO

Cellular senescence is a state of proliferative arrest, and the development of carcinoma can be suppressed by conferring tumor cell senescence. Recently, we found that carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1C (CPT1C) controls tumor cell proliferation and senescence via regulating lipid metabolism and mitochondrial function. Here, 13C-metabolic flux analysis (13C-MFA) was performed and the results revealed that CPT1C knockdown in MDA-MB-231 cells significantly induced cellular senescence accompanied by altered fatty acid metabolism. Strikingly, stearate synthesis was decreased while oleate was increased. Furthermore, stearate significantly inhibited proliferation while oleate reversed the senescent phenotype induced by silencing CPT1C in MDA-MB-231 cells as well as PANC-1 cells. A939572, an inhibitor of stearoyl-Coenzyme A desaturase 1, had the same effect as stearate to inhibit cellular proliferation. These results demonstrated that stearate and oleate are involved in CPT1C-mediated tumor cellular senescence, and the regulation of stearate/oleate rate via inhibition of SCD-1 could be an additional strategy with depletion of CPT1C for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Ácido Oleico , Humanos , Ácido Oleico/farmacologia , Estearatos , Análise do Fluxo Metabólico , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/genética , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/genética
15.
Sci Adv ; 9(21): eadg6685, 2023 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37235652

RESUMO

Integrated quantum photonic circuit is a promising platform for the realization of quantum information processing in the future. To achieve the large-scale quantum photonic circuits, the applied quantum logic gates should be as small as possible for the high-density integration on chips. Here, we report the implementation of super-compact universal quantum logic gates on silicon chips by the method of inverse design. In particular, the fabricated controlled-NOT gate and Hadamard gate are both nearly a vacuum wavelength, being the smallest optical quantum gates reported up to now. We further design the quantum circuit by cascading these fundamental gates to perform arbitrary quantum processing, where the corresponding size is about several orders smaller than that of previous quantum photonic circuits. Our study paves the way for the realization of large-scale quantum photonic chips with integrated sources and can have important applications in the field of quantum information processes.

16.
Curr Med Chem ; 2023 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37183459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A series of novel emodin alcohols were designed and prepared in an effort to overcome the increasing microorganism resistance. METHODS: Novel emodin alcohols were prepared from commercial emodin and different nitrogen-containing heterocycles via different synthetic strategies, such as O-alkylation and N-alkylation. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized emodin compounds was evaluated in vitro by a two-fold serial dilution technique. The interaction of emodin compound 3d with biomolecule was researched using UV-vis spectroscopic method and fluorescence spectroscopy. RESULTS: Emodin compound 3d containing 2-methyl-5-nitro imidazole ring showed relatively good antimicrobial activity. Notably, it exhibited equivalent activity against S. aureus in comparison to the reference drug norfloxacin (MIC = 4 g/mL). The combination of strong active compound 3d with reference drugs showed better antimicrobial activity with less dosage and a broader antimicrobial spectrum than their separate use. Further research displayed that emodin compound 3d could intercalate into S. aureus DNA to form the 3d-DNA complex, which might correlate with the inhibitory activity. The hydrogen bonds were found between S. aureus DNA gyrase and strong active compound 3d during the docking research, which were in accordance with the spectral experiment results. The interaction with yeast RNA of compound 3d could also form a complex via hydrogen bonds. The hydrogen bonds were found to play a major role in the transportation of emodin compound 3d by human serum albumin (HSA), as confirmed by molecular simulation. CONCLUSION: This work provides a promising starting point to optimize the structures of emodin derivatives as potent antimicrobial agents.

17.
Toxicology ; 490: 153507, 2023 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37030550

RESUMO

Eutrophication of water bodies can lead to cyanobacterial blooms, with the resultant release of microcystins (MCs), posing a threat to the ecosystem and human health. MCs are environmental toxins with male reproductive toxicity. However, there is a dearth of reviews focusing on sperm or spermatogenesis. In this paper, studies on sperm toxicity caused by MCs in recent 20 years were collected and summarized, aiming at revealing the toxic effects and potential mechanisms of MCs on sperm. Based on the previous findings, MCs can decline sperm quality and count, and cause malformation in vertebrates and invertebrates. The reason might be that MCs cause indirect damage to sperm through impairing the structure and function of the testis. The mechanisms of MCs-induced sperm toxicity mainly result from alterations in genetic material, abnormalities in the structure and function of sperm. The epigenetic modifications such as miRNA and piRNA were also involved in MC-LR-induced sperm damage. In conclusion, MCs exposure is harmful to sperm, but its direct effects and mechanisms on sperm are still not known, which remains a significant research direction. Our review will provide a basis for the protection of male reproductive health damage caused by microcystins.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Microcistinas , Animais , Masculino , Humanos , Microcistinas/toxicidade , Sêmen , Testículo , Espermatozoides
18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(25): e202303405, 2023 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37085959

RESUMO

Photo-driven CH4 conversion to multi-carbon products and H2 is attractive but challenging, and the development of efficient catalytic systems is critical. Herein, we construct a solar-energy-driven redox cycle for combining CH4 conversion and H2 production using iron ions. A photo-driven iron-induced reaction system was developed, which is efficient at selective coupling of CH4 as well as conversion of benzene and cyclohexane under mild conditions. For CH4 conversion, 94 % C2 selectivity and a C2 H6 formation rate of 8.4 µmol h-1 is achieved. Mechanistic studies reveal that CH4 coupling is induced by hydroxyl radical, which is generated by photo-driven intermolecular charge migration of an Fe3+ complex. The delicate coordination structure of the [Fe(H2 O)5 OH]2+ complex ensures selective C-H bond activation and C-C coupling of CH4 . The produced Fe2+ can be used to reduce the potential for electrolytic H2 production, and then turns back into Fe3+ , forming an energy-saving and sustainable recyclable system.


Assuntos
Ferro , Metano , Ferro/química , Metano/química , Etano/química , Oxirredução , Radical Hidroxila
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 256: 114845, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37001189

RESUMO

As a common pollutant in the water environment, microcystin leucine arginine (MC-LR) can enter semen and damage the sperm in animals. However, the mechanism by which MC-LR damages human sperm is unclear. Therefore, human sperm samples were obtained from the Henan Provincial Sperm Bank and exposed to different concentrations (0, 1, 10, and 100 µg/L) of MC-LR for 1, 2, 4, and 6 h, to invegest the effects and potential mechanism of MC-LR on sperm. The results showed that MC-LR mainly accumulated in the neck and flagellum of human sperm. Compared to the control group, the sperm capacitation rate and motility were significantly decreased in the 100 µg/L group. After exposure of 100 µg/L of MC-LR, the central microtubule and microtubule doublet of sperm flagellum were blurred, asymmetrical, or even lost. Furthermore, the expression levels of flagellin DNAH17, SPEF2, SPAG16, SPAG6, and CFAP44 in human sperm were reduced. Also, the phosphorylation levels of CaMKKß and AMPK can be inhibited by MC-LR. These findings revealed that MC-LR can induce functional and structural damage in human sperm, and the Ca2+/CaMKKß/AMPK pathway may be involved in this process. This study will provide a basis for prevention and treatment of male fertility declines caused by MC-LR.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Arginina , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Arginina/farmacologia , Quinase da Proteína Quinase Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina , Leucina , Microcistinas/farmacologia , Fosforilação , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Sinalização do Cálcio
20.
Anal Sci ; 39(6): 969-975, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36877338

RESUMO

As a dimeric protein, thyroglobulin (Tg) is an important biomarker for different thyroid cancer (DTC), so designing effective method to detect Tg is of great significance. In this work, by preparing ß-cyclodextrin (CD) functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) nanohybrid (CD-CNTs) as carrier to immobilize primary antibody (Ab1) of Tg, assembling sulfydryl ferrocene (Fc) and secondary antibody (Ab2) on the surface of nanogold (Au) as signaling amplifier (Ab2-Au-Fc), a simple and sensitive sandwich-type electrochemical immunoassay (STEM) of Tg was designed herein for the first time. In brief, CNTs show large surface area and conductivity, while CD offers superior host-guest recognition capability that can bound with Ab1; meanwhile, Fc probe can offer stable electrochemical signal that is proportionable to the concentration of Tg. Under the optimum conditions, the proposed STEM platform shows excellent sensing results for Tg detection: a considerable low analytical detection (0.5 ng mL-1) and wide linearity (2 to 200 ng mL-1), suggesting the designed STEM platform offers potential real applications for detect Tg.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanotubos de Carbono , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Tireoglobulina , Humanos , Animais
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