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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311954

RESUMO

Objective: To establish an evaluation model for occupational hazard prevention and control levels in coal mines, to explore the combination of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, to evaluate the overall situation of occupational hazard prevention and control in coal mines. Methods: In November 2021, Collect information of occupational hazards and their prevention and control status in 30 coal mines. AHP model was first constructed for the elements of occupational hazard prevention and control in coal mines. Then, the AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was applied to comprehensively evaluate and grade the occupational hazard prevention and control in coal mines, using the principles of maximum membership and weighted average. Results: The hierarchical fuzzy comprehensive evaluation results for typical coal mine were basically consistent with its occupational hazard prevention and control situation. The dust prevention and control situation was good, the noise prevention and control situation is average, the occupational health monitoring situation was good, the occupational health management situation was average, and the overall level of occupational hazard prevention and control was good. Conclusion: The hierarchical fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model for occupational hazard prevention and control levels, combined with the principles of maximum membership and weighted average, can objectively evaluate and reflect the overall situation of occupational hazard prevention and control in coal mines.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Poeira/análise , Carvão Mineral
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(2): 778-788, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the apoptosis of neurons and the differences in expression of Bcl-2 and Bax protein in the neurons in the corresponding spinal cord segment after the repair of the tibial nerve (TN) and common peroneal nerve (CPN) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats aged 7-8 weeks were randomly divided into group A (control group), group B (TN was cut and sutured), and group C (CPN was cut and sutured), with 42 rats in each group. The spinal cord tissues of rats in different groups were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th day after surgery; the number of neurons in anterior horn of spinal cord, axon density (AD), axon passage rate (APR), and recovery rate (RR) of muscle cell cross-sectional area (MCCA) were calculated; and differences in the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in the three groups of rats were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the muscle wet weight (MWW) RR of the three groups of rats on the 14th day after the surgery (p>0.05), and the MWW RRs of rats in groups B and C were higher at the 28th day after surgery in contrast to group A (p<0.05). The number of motor neurons in the anterior horn of spinal cord in group B was higher than that in group C at the 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 21st day after surgery (p<0.05); the MWW RR, MCCA, and CSARR of rats in group B were lower than those in group C (p<0.05); the proximal AD, distal AD, and APR in group B were higher than those of group C on the 14th and 28th day after the surgery (p<0.05); and there were no positive staining results in the spinal cord tissue of rats in group A after staining. The expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in group B were higher observably than the expressions in group C (p<0.05), which indicated that the recovery ability of TN was stronger than that of the CPN; the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in TN was notably higher than that of the CPN. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax was related to cell apoptosis and nerve regeneration after nerve injury. It provided a reference basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of peripheral nerves.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Medula Espinal , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Nervos Periféricos
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(6): 450-452, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326058

RESUMO

To analyze the clinical features of patients with anterior hypopituitarism (HP) complicated with cirrhosis, and to explore the effects of growth hormone supplementation on liver and lung function. A total of 11 patients with HP complicated with cirrhosis admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2016 to December 2022 were included in the study, including 8 males and 3 females, aged [M(Q1, Q3)]31 (20, 37) years. There were 6 patients with pituitary stalk interruption syndrome, 4 patients after craniopharyngioma resection, and 1 patient after germinal cell tumor chemoradiotherapy. Cirrhosis appeared at [M(Q1, Q3)]7 (1, 16) years after the diagnosis of HP. There were 7 cases complicated with hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). The liver and lung function of 5 patients were improved significantly after the addition of growth hormone, and the arterial partial pressure of oxygen increased from (47±11) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (84±12) mmHg. Timely supplementation of growth hormone can improve the symptoms of fatty liver, cirrhosis and HPS, and postpone or even avoid the transplantation of liver and other organs.


Assuntos
Síndrome Hepatopulmonar , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano , Hipopituitarismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Hormônio do Crescimento , Cirrose Hepática , Hipopituitarismo/complicações , Hipopituitarismo/patologia , Síndrome Hepatopulmonar/complicações , Síndrome Hepatopulmonar/diagnóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Suplementos Nutricionais
4.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 52(2): 137-143, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326064

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the long-term effects of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance on patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation. Methods: Data used in this study derived from ULTIMATE trial, which was a prospective, multicenter, randomized study. A total of 1 448 all-comer patients were enrolled between 2014 August and 2017 May. Primary endpoint of this study was target vessel failure (TVF) at 3 years, including cardiac death, target-vessel-related myocardial infarction, and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization. Results: ACS was present in 1 136 (78.5%) patients, and 3-year clinical follow-up was available in 1 423 patients (98.3%). TVF in the ACS group was 9.6% (109/1 136), which was significantly higher than 4.5% (14/312) in the non-ACS group (log-rank P=0.005). There were 109 TVFs in the ACS patients, with 7.6% (43/569) TVFs in the IVUS group and 11.6% (66/567) TVFs in the angiography group (log-rank P=0.019). Moreover, patients with optimal IVUS guidance were associated with a lower risk of 3-year TVF compared to those with suboptimal IVUS results (5.4% (16/296) vs. 9.9% (27/273),log-rank P=0.041). Conclusions: This ULTIMATE-ACS subgroup analysis showed that ACS patients undergoing DES implantation were associated with a higher risk of 3-year TVF. More importantly, the risk of TVF could be significantly decreased through IVUS guidance in patients with ACS, especially in those who had an IVUS-defined optimal procedure.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Angiografia Coronária , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 52(2): 185-190, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326071

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of varied oxygen (O2) concentration environments on the phenotypic transformation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and the mechanism of pulmonary hypertension. Methods: Primary rat PASMC were isolated and cultured through the process of enzymatic digestion. Following identification, the stable passaged PASMC were subjected to a 6-hour incubation in sealed containers with normal O2 content (group C) and relative O2 content comprising 55% (group H55), 75% (group H75), and 95% (group H95). mRNA and protein expression of α-Actin (α-SMA), smooth muscle 22α (SM22α), osteopontin (OPN), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) were measured using real-time quantitative PCR and western blot analysis. Results: The H55 group displayed no significant difference from the C group in terms of mRNA and relative protein expression levels for α-SMA, SM22α, OPN, and MMP-2 (all P>0.05). On the other hand, groups H75 and H95 exhibited a reduction in mRNA and relative protein expression of α-SMA and SM22α, along with an increase in mRNA and relative protein expression of OPN and MMP-2 when compared with both the C and H55 groups (all P<0.05). The H95 group showed a higher relative mRNA expression of MMP-2 as compared to the H75 group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Oxygen concentration environments of 75% or higher can serve as the foundation for the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension, essentially by inducing a phenotypic transformation in PASMC towards adopting a robust secretory function. This induction is contingent upon the concentration of oxygen present.


Assuntos
Hiperóxia , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Ratos , Animais , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Hiperóxia/metabolismo , Hiperóxia/patologia , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fenótipo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas
6.
Public Health ; 229: 42-49, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis explored secondary infections of SARS-CoV-2 and the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) in school settings, with the aim of providing a reference to formulate scientific prevention and response strategies for similar major public health emergencies in specific settings. STUDY DESIGN: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library through to 1 August 2022 using the following key search terms: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, secondary attack rate, school, transmission, etc. The IVhet model was used for the meta-analysis, and the I2 index and Cochran's Q-test were used to assess heterogeneity. Publication bias was examined using Doi plot, Galbraith plots and Luis Furuya-Kanamori index. Prevalence Critical Appraisal Tool was used to assess the quality of the included articles, while Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation was used to rate the quality of the evidence. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the potential source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies involving 226,727 school contacts and 2216 secondary cases were included in this study. The pooled secondary attack rates (SARs) of close contacts, staff contacts and student contacts were 0.67% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.11, 1.56), 0.79% (95% CI: 0.00, 6.72) and 0.50% (95% CI: 0.00, 4.48), respectively. Subgroup analysis suggested that multiple or specific combinations (e.g. the combination of contact restriction and hygiene action) of NPIs appeared to be associated with lower SARs. CONCLUSIONS: The SAR of SARS-CoV-2 was low in schools. Multiple or specific combinations of prevention strategies appear to mitigate SARS-CoV-2 transmission in school settings. These findings provide a basis for continuous improvement of response strategies to major public health emergencies in the school environment.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369791

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the treatment outcomes and prognoses of children with head and neck non-parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma (HNnPM RMS). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of children with HNnPM RMS admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital from September 2012 to September 2022. The clinical features, comprehensive treatment modes and prognoses of the patients were analyzed. The overall survival rate (OS) and event free survival rate (EFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and univariate analysis was performed using the Log-rank test. Results: A total of 70 children were included in this study, 38 males and 32 females, with a median age of 47 months (2-210 months). Pathological subtypes including the embryonal in 27 cases, the alveolar in 36 cases and the spindle cell and sclerosing in 7 cases. Thirty children (83.3%) with alveolar type were positive for FOXO1 gene fusion. All 70 children underwent chemotherapy, including 38 with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 32 with adjuvant chemotherapy. Sixty of 70 children underwent surgery, of whom, 10 underwent two or more surgeries. There were 63 children underwent radiotherapy, including 54 with intensity-modulated radiation therapy, 4 with particle implantation and 5 with proton therapy. The median follow-up was 45 (5-113) months, the 5-year OS was 73.2%, and the 5-year EFS was 57.7%. Univariate analysis showed lymph node metastasis (χ2=5.022, P=0.025), distant metastasis (χ2=8.258, P=0.004), and high Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) group (χ2=9.859, P=0.029) as risk factors for poor prognosis. Before June 2016, the 5-year OS based on BCH-RMS-2006 scheme was 63.6%, and after 2016, the 5-year OS based on CCCG-RMS-2016 scheme was 79.6%. Conclusion: Multidisciplinary combined standardized treatment can offer good treatment outcome and prognosis for children with HNnPM RMS. Local control is a key to the efficacy of comprehensive treatment.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomiossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Rabdomiossarcoma/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Prognóstico , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
8.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 62(3): 204-210, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378280

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), pediatric sequential organ failure assessment (pSOFA) and pediatric critical illness score (PCIS) in predicting mortality of pediatric sepsis in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) from Southwest China. Methods: This was a prospective multicenter observational study. A total of 447 children with sepsis admitted to 12 PICU in Southwest China from April 2022 to March 2023 were enrolled. Based on the prognosis, the patients were divided into survival group and non-survival group. The physiological parameters of SIRS, pSOFA and PCIS were recorded and scored within 24 h after PICU admission. The general clinical data and some laboratory results were recorded. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to compare the predictive value of SIRS, pSOFA and PCIS in mortality of pediatric sepsis. Results: Amongst 447 children with sepsis, 260 patients were male and 187 patients were female, aged 2.5 (0.8, 7.0) years old, 405 patients were in the survival group and 42 patients were in the non-survival group. 418 patients (93.5%) met the criteria of SIRS, and 440 patients (98.4%) met the criteria of pSOFA≥2. There was no significant difference in the number of items meeting the SIRS criteria between the survival group and the non-survival group (3(2, 4) vs. 3(3, 4) points, Z=1.30, P=0.192). The pSOFA score of the non-survival group was significantly higher than that of the survival group (9(6, 12) vs. 4(3, 7) points, Z=6.56, P<0.001), and the PCIS score was significantly lower than that of the survival group (72(68, 81) vs. 82(76, 88) points, Z=5.90, P<0.001). The predictive value of pSOFA (AUC=0.82) and PCIS (AUC=0.78) for sepsis mortality was significantly higher than that of SIRS (AUC=0.56) (Z=6.59, 4.23, both P<0.001). There was no significant difference between pSOFA and PCIS (Z=1.35, P=0.176). Platelet count, procalcitonin, lactic acid, albumin, creatinine, total bilirubin, activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time and international normalized ratio wereall able to predict mortality of sepsis to a certain degree (AUC=0.64, 0.68, 0.80, 0.64, 0.68, 0.60, 0.77, 0.75, 0.76, all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with SIRS, both pSOFA and PCIS had better predictive value in the mortality of pediatric sepsis in PICU.

9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 62(3): 231-238, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378284

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate serum vitamin A and vitamin D status in children aged 2-<7 years in 20 cities in China. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 2 924 healthy children aged 2-<7 years were recruited from September 2018 to September 2019 from 20 cities in China, categorized by age groups of 2-<3 years, 3-<5 years, and 5-<7 years. The demographic and economic characteristics and health-related information of the enrolled children were investigated. Body weight and height were measured by professional staff members. The serum vitamin A and vitamin D levels were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Chi-square test and Logistic regression were applied to analyze the association between vitamin A and vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency as well as their underlying impact factors. Results: The age of the 2 924 enrolled children was 4.33 (3.42, 5.17) years. There were 1 726 males (59.03%) and 1 198 females (40.97%). The prevalences of vitamin A and vitamin D deficiency in enrolled children were 2.19% (64/2 924) and 3.52% (103/2 924), respectively, and the insufficiency rates were 29.27% (856/2 924) and 22.20% (649/2 924), respectively. Children with both vitamin A and vitamin D deficiencies or insufficiencies were found in 10.50% (307/2 924) of cases. Both vitamin A (χ2=7.91 and 8.06, both P=0.005) and vitamin D (χ2=71.35 and 115.10, both P<0.001) insufficiency rates were higher in children aged 3-<5 and 5-<7 years than those in children aged 2-<3 years. Vitamin A and vitamin D supplementation in the last 3 months was a protective factor for vitamin A and D deficiency and insufficiency, respectively (OR=0.68 and 0.22, 95%CI 0.49-0.95 and 0.13-0.40, both P<0.05). The rates of vitamin A and D insufficiency was higher in children with annual household incomes <60 000 RMB than in those with annual household incomes ≥60 000 RMB (χ2=34.11 and 10.43, both P<0.01). Northwest and Southwest had the highest rates of vitamin A and vitamin D insufficiency in children aged 2-<7 yeas, respectively (χ2=93.22 and 202.54, both P<0.001). Conclusions: Among 20 cities in China, children aged 2-<7 years experience high rates of vitamin A and vitamin D insufficiency, which are affected by age, family economic level, vitamin A and vitamin D supplementation, and regional economic level. The current results suggest that high level of attention should be paid to vitamin A and vitamin D nutritional status of preschool children.

10.
SAR QSAR Environ Res ; 35(2): 71-89, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323577

RESUMO

To explore novel terpenoid repellents, 22 candidate terpenoid derivatives were synthesized and tested for their electroantennogram (EAG) responses and repellent activities against Aedes albopictus. The results from the EAG experiments revealed that 5-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-2-methylcyclohex-2-en-1-yl formate (compound 1) induced distinct EAG responses in female Aedes albopictus. At concentrations of 0.1, 1, 10, 100, and 1000 mg/L, the EAG response values for compound 1 were 179.59, 183.99, 190.38, 193.80, and 196.66 mV, demonstrating comparable or superior effectiveness to DEET. Repellent activity analysis indicated significant repellent activity for compound 1, closest to the positive control DEET. The in silico assessment of the ADMET profile of compound 1 indicates that it successfully passed the ADMET evaluation. Molecular docking studies exhibited favourable binding of compound 1 to the active site of the odorant binding protein (OBP) of Aedes albopictus, involving hydrophobic forces and hydrogen bond interactions with residues in the OBP pocket. The QSAR model highlighted the influential role of hydrogen-bonding receptors, positively charged surface area of weighted atoms, polarity parameters of molecules, and maximum nuclear-nuclear repulsion force of carbon-carbon bonds on the relative EAG response values of the tested compounds. This study holds substantial significance for the advancement of new terpenoid repellents.


Assuntos
Aedes , Repelentes de Insetos , Animais , Feminino , DEET/farmacologia , Terpenos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Repelentes de Insetos/farmacologia , Repelentes de Insetos/química , Simulação por Computador , Carbono
11.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(2): 198-202, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326047

RESUMO

We retrospectively analyzed therapy efficacy and the adverse reactions of 10 patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with intestinal involvement treated with rituximab (RTX). Patients were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2015 to January 2023. Among the 10 patients, two were men and eight were women. The age of the cohort was (41.9±8.8) years. The age at disease onset was (28.8±9.2) years. The total course of the SLE diagnosis was(109.6±59.9) months. The course of the diagnosis of SLE with intestinal involvement was (89.3±50.2) months. The time from the appearance of intestinal symptoms to the diagnosis of SLE with intestinal involvement was 1.5 (1.0,8.0) months. The time from the diagnosis of SLE with intestinal involvement to RTX use was 13.0 (1.0,46.3) months. Follow-up duration after application of RTX treatment was (55.3±28.4) months. There were five cases of abdominal pain, four cases of abdominal distension, nine cases of diarrhea, three cases of nervous-system involvement, nine cases of lupus nephritis, and seven cases of serositis. All 10 patients underwent computed tomography and radiology of the abdomen. Eight patients had intestinal-wall edema, seven suffered intestinal dilation, four had target signs, three suffered congestion of mesenteric blood vessels, eight had increased mesenteric-fat density, and six had false intestinal obstruction. All 10 patients showed a low level of complement C3 (250-750 mg/L). Nine cases showed a low level of complement C4 (10-90 mg/L). The SLE disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) at baseline in 10 patients was 20.5 (17.8, 30.0). After receiving RTX (0.5 g: day 1, day 14, or 375 mg/m2: day 1, day 14) induction treatment, the intestinal symptoms of 10 cases were relieved completely. Four patients had adverse reactions, of which three received a high-dose glucocorticoid combined with RTX treatment simultaneously. Adverse reactions manifested mainly as a reduced level of IgG and infection with herpes simplex virus in one case, reduced level of IgG and lung infection in one patient, lung infection in one case, and reduced IgG level in one patient. RTX may an efficacious treatment strategy for patients suffering from refractory SLE with intestinal involvement.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Imunoglobulina G
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(6): 433-439, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326055

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence and influencing factors of hypogammaglobulinemia (HGG) in children with steroid-dependent/frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (SDNS/FRNS) treated with rituximab (RTX), and its relationship with the risk of severe infections. Methods: The clinical data of children with SDNS/FRNS treated with RTX at the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from December 2020 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. RTX treatment was performed using a B-cell-guided regimen (a single dose of 375 mg/m2, a maximum of 500 mg/dose, and an additional one dose when reassessment of peripheral blood CD19+B cells≥1%). Patients were divided into HGG and non-HGG groups according to the presence or absence of HGG during the follow-up period. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of HGG, and the predictive value of each influencing factor on HGG was assessed by plotting the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 59 SDNS/FRNS children (48 males and 11 females) were included, and aged [M (Q1, Q3)] 9.4 (6.5, 12.2) years at the time of the first RTX treatment, with a median application of 3 (2, 4) doses of RTX. During the follow-up period of 15.5 (9.9, 22.8) months, the HGG was present in 16 (27.1%) children, of which seven persisted for more than 1 year. Compared with non-HGG group, HGG group had a shorter duration of the disease [3.3 (2.1, 3.6) vs 4.6 (2.4, 8.0) years, P=0.030], younger age at the time of the first RTX treatment [6.2 (5.6, 7.4) vs 11.3 (8.8, 13.3) years, P<0.001], and lower serum IgG levels [5.9 (4.9, 6.4) vs 7.5 (6.1, 8.2) g/L, P<0.001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that young age at the time of the first RTX treatment (OR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.35-0.78, P=0.002) was an influencing factor of HGG. The area under the curve (AUC) for age at first RTX treatment to predict HGG was 0.887 (95%CI: 0.778-0.955, P<0.001), with an optimal cut-off value of 8.3 years. During the follow-up period, six children (10.2%) developed severe infectious, and there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of serious infections between the HGG and non-HGG groups [12.5% (2/16) vs 9.3% (4/43), P=1.000]. Conclusions: HGG is frequent in children with SDNS/FRNS treated with RTX, and nearly half of HGG persists for more than 1 year. The possibility of HGG is greater in those≤8.3 years at the first RTX treatment, but HGG does not increase the risk of severe infections in children.


Assuntos
Agamaglobulinemia , Síndrome Nefrótica , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Idoso , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Agamaglobulinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 58(2): 268-274, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387961

RESUMO

With the increasing global prevalence of tree pollen allergies, there has been a significant impact on the quality of life for populations. In North and Central China, birch pollen, cypress pollen, and plane tree pollen are the most common allergens for springtime pollen allergy sufferers. The distribution of plants and patterns of pollen transmission in different geographical areas result in varying pollen exposure outcomes, further complicating the challenges in diagnosis and individualized treatment. This article delves into the research progress and clinical application of tree pollen allergies based on the "Molecular Allergology User's Guide 2.0 (MAUG 2.0) " published by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI). It discusses major allergen families and component proteins of tree pollen such as PR-10 proteins, profilins, polcalcins, as well as cross-reactive components that may cause pollen-food allergy syndrome. Allergen component diagnostics can distinguish true allergy sufferers from those with multiple allergen reactions, enabling more targeted selection of allergens for specific immunotherapy, thus enhancing treatment effectiveness. Bet v 1 and Cup a 1, for instance, are specific indicators for immunotherapy in birch and cypress allergy patients. Overall, this article provides cutting-edge information for professionals in the field of tree pollen allergies, offering in-depth exploration of tree pollen allergen component proteins, clinical manifestations, and treatment-related research, aiding in better understanding and addressing the challenges of tree pollen allergies.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(8): 594-599, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389237

RESUMO

Objective: This study sought to determine the predictive value of aortic pulsatility index (API) on event-free survival in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods: We retrospectively studied 121 patients with HFpEF who underwent right heart catheterization at Heart Failure Center in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, between November 2014 and August 2022. API was calculated as pulse pressure/pulmonary arterial wedge pressure. Patients were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of baseline API. The primary outcome was event-free survival, which was considered as freedom from death, heart transplantation, left ventricular assist device implantation, or HF rehospitalization. We compared the differences in clinical characteristics among the three groups of patients. Spearman correlation analysis was used to calculate the correlation coefficient between API and parameters reflective of left heart function. We used Cox proportional-hazards regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for event-free survival. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to calculate the area under the curve (AUC) of API for predicting event-free survival in patients with HFpEF. Quantitative data is represented by M (Q1, Q3). Results: The age was 59.0 (46.0, 66.5) years, and 84 (69.4%) patients were male. API and left ventricular stroke work (LVSW) were significantly correlated (r=0.478, P<0.001). The correlation between API and cardiac power output was also significant (r=0.224, P=0.014). Patients with API>3.77 presented with lower serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) values [492(163, 2 776) vs 2 962(722, 5 831) vs 3 823(1 419, 10 262) ng/L], lower left atrial dimension [38(34,42) vs 43(39, 48) vs 45 (42,53) mm], lower right atrial pressure [5 (2, 8) vs 8 (4, 13) vs 13 (8, 16) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)], and lower mean pulmonary arterial pressure [15 (11, 20) vs 22 (17, 26) vs 33 (26, 37) mmHg] (all P<0.05). The median follow-up time of the study was 366.0 (189.8, 648.5) days, and by the end of the follow-up, a total of 51 patients had reached the primary outcome. The cumulative event-free incidence rates of patients in the API>3.77 group, 1.89

15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(1): 49-55, 2024 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199768

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection in the treatment of acute comitant esotropia (ACE) with different doses. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included data from patients with ACE who received BTA injection treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2019 to June 2022. All patients underwent routine ophthalmic examinations, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE), as well as specialized examinations for strabismus, including the degree of esotropia, eye movement status, and binocular visual function. Patients were categorized into small esotropia [≤60 prism diopters (PD)] and large esotropia (>60 PD) groups based on the pre-treatment degree of esotropia. Each group was further divided into 2.5 U and 5.0 U dose subgroups. Monocular injections were administered to the non-dominant eye. The esotropia degree was recorded and compared at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months of follow-up. The proportion of effectively treated patients in each group was documented. The number of cases with various levels of visual functions (including simultaneous vision, near stereopsis, and distance stereopsis) at 6 months post-treatment was compared, and complications during the follow-up period were observed. Statistical analyses were conducted using t-tests, Mann-Whitney U tests, and χ2 tests. Results: A total of 70 patients were included in the study, comprising 46 males and 24 females, with a median age of 5.0 (4.0, 8.3) years. Among them, 37 patients had small esotropia, with 25 in the 2.5 U group and 12 in the 5.0 U group. Thirty-three patients had large esotropia, with 18 in the 2.5 U group and 15 in the 5.0 U group. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data, including age, duration of the condition, pre-treatment esotropia degree, BCVA and SE, between the two dose groups in both small and large esotropia patients (all P>0.05). In small esotropia patients, at 1 and 2 months post-treatment, the esotropia degree in the 5.0 U group was -20.00 (-37.50, -7.00) and 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) PD, respectively, which was significantly lower than the 0.00 (-10.00, 4.50) and 5.00 (0.00, 6.50) PD in the 2.5 U group (all P<0.05). At 3 and 6 months post-treatment, the esotropia degree in the 2.5 U group was 5.00 (0.00, 15.00) and 2.00 (0.00, 6.00) PD, respectively, while in the 5.0 U group, it was 0.00 (0.00, 4.50) and 0.00 (0.00, 3.75) PD, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). In the 2.5 U group, 20 cases were effectively treated, accounting for 80.0%, while in the 5.0 U group, 10 cases were effective, accounting for 10/12, with no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). In the 2.5 U group and the 5.0 U group, the proportions of cases with various levels of visual functions were as follows: simultaneous vision, 76.0% (19/25) and 10/12; near stereopsis, 48.0% (12/25) and 7/12; distance stereopsis, 44.0% (11/25) and 7/12, respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed in these proportions (all P>0.05). In patients with large esotropia, the esotropia degrees in the 5.0 U group at various follow-up times were -5.00 (-25.00, 5.00), 0.00 (0.00, 7.00), 2.00 (0.00, 10.00), and 5.00 (0.00, 7.00) PD, respectively. For the 2.5 U group, the corresponding values were 5.00 (2.75, 27.75), 10.00 (3.75, 24.75), 12.00 (3.75, 38.75), and 14.00 (3.50, 54.00) PD, respectively. The esotropia degrees in the 5.0 U group were consistently lower than those in the 2.5 U group (all P<0.05). The proportion of effective treatment in the 5.0 U group (13/15) was higher than that in the 2.5 U group (9/18), and the proportion of cases with distance stereopsis in the 5.0 U group (9/15) was higher than that in the 2.5 U group (4/18), both showing statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The number of cases with simultaneous vision and near stereopsis showed no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of complications in the 2.5 U and 5.0 U groups in both large and small esotropia patients was 9/18, 13/15, 80.0% (20/25), and 10/12, respectively, with no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). All complications spontaneously resolved within 3 months post-treatment. Conclusions: BTA injection is effective in the treatment of ACE, and for ACE patients with esotropia degrees greater than 60 PD, increasing the injection dose to 5.0 U can achieve better therapeutic outcomes.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Esotropia , Estrabismo , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Esotropia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença Aguda
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(2): 95-99, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186130

RESUMO

Nationwide epidemiological data on pregnancy and childbirth was lacking in China during the last decades. Since the establishment of the national data monitoring network and the booming of regional epidemiological studies, more information has emerged. The results and suggestions from the China Labor and Delivery Survey are crucial for improving current clinical practices. Researches that are conducted based on national data monitoring network and hospital-based medical history system, and multicenter clinical trials will provide plenty of useful evidences. These high-quality evidences would further improve clinical practice and development of obstetrics in China.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Obstetrícia , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , China/epidemiologia , Hospitais
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 52(1): 72-78, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220458

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of exosome derived from miR-133a-3p engineered human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (ucMSC) on myocardial repair after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats. Methods: UcMSC was amplified and cultured in vitro. Lentiviral carrying miR-133a-3p and negative control vectors were transfected into ucMSC. Exosomes secreted by the transfected ucMSC were named miR-133a-3p-Exo and miR-NC-Exo, respectively. The AMI model of rats was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. MiR-133a-3p-Exo or miR-NC-Exo were then injected into the border zone of the infarct area. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography after twenty-eight days of intervention, and Masson staining was used to evaluate the area of myocardial fibrosis post-AMI. The myocardial apoptosis after infarction was evaluated by TUNEL staining and the angiogenesis after infarction was evaluated by immunofluorescence staining in the current study. Results: Compared with the miR-NC-Exo group, the left ventricular ejection fraction in the miR-133a-3p-Exo group was significantly increased ((47.4%±9.8%) vs. (64.2%±8.9%), P<0.05). While the myocardial fibrosis area ((31.2%±7.3%) vs. (18.0%±1.5%), P<0.01) and the percentage of apoptotic cardiomyocytes ((25.6%±3.6%) vs. (15.1%±4.4%), P<0.05) was significantly reduced in the miR-133a-Exo group. Besides, the expression of CD31 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were also increased significantly in the miR-133a-3p-Exo group compared to the miR-NC-Exo group (CD31: (2.9±0.9) vs. (13.9±2.0), P<0.000 1, α-SMA: (3.5±0.9) vs. (11.0±1.6), P<0.000 1). Conclusion: Exosome derived from miR-133a-3p engineered ucMSC effectively inhibited myocardial apoptosis and promoted angiogenesis, thus improving the cardiac function after myocardial infarction in rats.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Infarto do Miocárdio , Ratos , Humanos , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Volume Sistólico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , MicroRNAs/genética , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Fibrose , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Apoptose
18.
ISA Trans ; 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199839

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel anti-pitching control algorithm based on algebraic model predictive control (AMPC) for high-speed multihull, in which the heave velocity and pitch angular velocity cannot be measured directly. Specifically, a multihull vertical control model is established with the employed anti-pitching appendages, and the uncertainty of the model as well as the coupling between heave and pitch motion are investigated. To address unmeasurable of the heave velocity and pitch angular velocity, a novel kinematics-based Kalman filter is designed to estimate these states online, which is substantially different from the existing works. Then, the AMPC strategy for varying receding-horizon optimization is proposed, which significantly reduces the amount of online calculation. To estimate the lumped uncertainty, the second-order filter data of input and output is used to design a disturbance observer with less parameters, which can perform feed-forward compensation to enhance the robustness. The convergence of the disturbance observer and the closed-loop system is analyzed mathematically. Finally, the advantages of the proposed anti-pitching control approach are demonstrated in both theory and simulation.

19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(1): 45-53, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172061

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application prospect of a new pH-responsive tertiary amine monomer dodecylmethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEM) modified resin adhesive (DMAEM@RA) in the prevention and treatment of secondary caries. Methods: Five percents DMAEM was added to the resin adhesive to synthesize DMAEM@RA for modifying. Streptococcus mutans (Sm) and Lactobacillus casei (Lc) biofilms were cultured on resin adhesive and DMAEM@RA, respectively. The culture systems were set up at pH=7.4, 6.0, 5.5, and 5.0. The antimicrobial activity of DMAEM@RA was evaluated by quantitative PCR. The effects of DMAEM@RA on biofilm thickness, bacterial amount, and extracellular polysaccharides were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and extracellular polysaccharide staining. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to study the effect of DMAEM@RA on the expression levels of cariogenic genes in Sm. Results: DMAEM@RA could significantly reduce the amount of Sm and Lc under acidic conditions, especially Lc. At pH=5.0, the logarithm value of co-cultured Sm bacteria [lg (CFU/ml)] in DMAEM@RA group (7.58±0.01) was significantly lower than that in control group (7.87±0.03) (t=14.32, P<0.001), and the logarithm value of Lc bacteria [lg (CFU/ml)] (7.29±0.04) was also significantly lower than that in control group (7.93±0.15) (t=6.93, P=0.002). SEM observed that the bacteria decreased and the cell fragments appeared in DMAEM@RA group. In addition, DMAEM@RA significantly reduced the biomass of extracellular polysaccharides in the dual-species biofilm under acidic conditions. At pH=5.0, the biomass of extracellular polysaccharides in DMAEM@RA group [(25.13±3.14) mm3/mm2] was significantly lower than that in the control group [(42.66±7.46) mm3/mm2] (t=3.75, P=0.020). DMAEM@RA could significantly up-regulate the expressions of gtfB and gtfC genes in Sm under acidic conditions. At pH=5.0, gtfB and gtfC genes were significantly up-regulated by (14.64± 0.44) times and (2.99±0.20) times, respectively (t=-42.74, P<0.001; t=-13.55, P<0.001). Conclusions: The DMAEM@RA has a good antibacterial effect under acidic conditions, demonstrating that it has a good potential to prevent the occurrence and development of secondary caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Lacticaseibacillus casei , Humanos , Streptococcus mutans , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Metacrilatos/metabolismo , Cimentos Dentários , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Aminas/metabolismo , Aminas/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(1): 128-133, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228535

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the monkeypox knowledge awareness, risk perception and vaccination intention in men who have sex with men (MSM) in five cities in northeast China. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by using electronic questionnaire in MSM selected by convenience sampling in five cities in northeast China (Shenyang, Panjin, Changchun, Harbin and Jiamusi) from June 28 to July 8, 2023 by local centers for disease control and prevention and MSM communities. The sample size was estimated to be 220. Information about their demographics, monkeypox-related knowledge awareness, perceived concern about epidemic risk perception, and monkeypox vaccination intention were collected. Logistic regression model was used to analyze related factors for MSM's monkeypox vaccination intention. Results: In 355 MSM, 63.9% (227/355) had monkeypox vaccination intentions, and 55.5% (197/355) had high awareness of monkeypox related knowledge with a mean knowledge awareness score of 3.7±1.5. MSM with education level of high-school and above (aOR=1.93, 95%CI:1.01-3.69), higher knowledge awareness score (aOR=1.19, 95%CI:1.02-1.40) and higher risk perception of monkeypox infection (aOR=1.82, 95%CI:1.15-2.88), were more willing to receive monkeypox vaccination. The main reasons for willingness to receive monkeypox vaccine were preventing monkeypox (86.3%, 196/227) and worrying about appearance being affected (62.1%, 141/227). The main reasons for unwillingness for the vaccination included concerns about vaccine safety (53.1%, 68/128), clinical progression of AIDS being affected (46.1%, 59/128) and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy being affected (44.5%, 57/128). Conclusions: The levels of knowledge awareness and vaccine intentions still need to be improved among MSM in five cities of northeast China. It is necessary to improve the awareness of monkeypox and intention of monkeypox vaccination, promote protected sex behavior and self-assessment of infection risk, reduce vaccine hesitancy and increase monkeypox vaccination intention in MSM in 5 cities in northeast China.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Vacina Antivariólica , Masculino , Humanos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Intenção , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , China , Vacinação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Percepção
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