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2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(9): 090504, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506165

RESUMO

The ability to manipulate quantum systems lies at the heart of the development of quantum technology. The ultimate goal of quantum control is to realize arbitrary quantum operations (AQUOs) for all possible open quantum system dynamics. However, the demanding extra physical resources impose great obstacles. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a universal approach of AQUO on a photonic qudit with the minimum physical resource of a two-level ancilla and a log_{2}d-scale circuit depth for a d-dimensional system. The AQUO is then applied in a quantum trajectory simulation for quantum subspace stabilization and quantum Zeno dynamics, as well as incoherent manipulation and generalized measurements of the qudit. Therefore, the demonstrated AQUO for complete quantum control would play an indispensable role in quantum information science.

3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 914-919, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496542

RESUMO

Objective: To translate and revise the Mann assessment of swallowing ability-cancer (MASA-C) into Chinese according to postoperative patients with oral cancer and to evaluate the reliability and validity of Mann assessment of swallowing ability-oral cancer (MASA-OC) in postoperative patients with oral cancer. Methods: The MASA-C was translated into Chinese through pre-translation, reconciliation and back translation, then the Chinese MASA-C was revised to MASA-OC according to postoperative patients with oral cancer by expert panel and pre-investigation. One hundred and seven patients recieved oral cancer surgery in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were selected by convenient sampling and investigated to evaluate the reliability and validity of the MASA-OC. The volume viscosity swallow test (V-VST) was used to determine the best diagnosis threshold of MASA-OC for dysphagia. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated and analyzed. Results: The Chinese MASA-OC contained 15 items. The Cronbach's coefficient was 0.868. The content validity showed that the scale-level content validity index (S-CVI) was 1.00, the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) was 1.00 and the intraclass correlation coefficient between the researchers and the other reviewers was 0.985. The best diagnosis threshold of MASA-OC for dysphagia was 105, the sensitivity was 95.0%, the specificity was 92.5%, the positive predictive value was 97.4% and the negative predictive value was 86.2%. Conclusions: The introduction process of MASA-OC was scientific. MASA-OC showed good reliability and validity and reliable diagnostic efficacy MASA-OC could be used as an effective tool for scientific research and clinical practice of dysphagia in postoperative patients of oral cancer.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Neoplasias Bucais , China , Deglutição , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 775-782, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530558

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the current adherence to imatinib in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in China and its influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Study period: from October 1, 2020 to November 31, 2020. Study subjects: GIST patients taking imatinib who were diagnosed and treated in public tertiary level A general hospitals or oncology hospitals; those who had not been pathologically diagnosed, those who never received imatinib, or those who had taken imatinib in the past but stopped afterwards were excluded. The Questionnaire Star online surgery platform was used to design a questionnaire about the adherence to adjuvant imatinib therapy of Chinese GIST patients. The link of questionnaire was sent through WeChat. The questionnaire contained basic information of patients, medication status and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Results: A total of 2162 questionnaires from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities were collected, of which 2005 were valid questionnaires, with an effective rate of 92.7%. The survey subjects included 1104 males and 901 females, with a median age of 56 (22-91) years old. Working status: 609 cases (30.4%) in the work unit, 729 cases (36.4%) of retirement, 667 cases of flexible employment or unemployment (33.3%). Education level: 477 cases (23.8%) with bachelor degree or above, 658 cases (32.8%) of high school, 782 cases (39.0%) of elementary or junior high school, 88 cases (4.4%) without education. Marital status: 1789 cases (89.2%) were married, 179 cases (8.9%) divorced or widowed, 37 cases (1.8%) unmarried. Two hundred and ninety-four patients (14.7%) had metastasis when they were first diagnosed, including 203 liver metastases, 52 peritoneal metastases, and 39 other metastases. One thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine patients underwent surgical treatment, of whom 1642 (81.9%) achieved complete resection. The median time of taking imatinib was 25 (1-200) months. Common adverse reactions of imatinib included 1701 cases (84.8%) of periorbital edema, 1031 cases (51.4%) of leukopenia, 948 cases (47.3%) of fatigue, 781 cases (39.0%) of nausea and vomiting, 709 cases (35.4%) of rash, and 670 cases (33.4%) of lower extremity edema. The score of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale showed that 392 cases (19.6%) had poor adherence, 1023 cases (51.0%) had moderate adherence, and 590 cases (29.4%) had good adherence. Univariate analysis showed that gender, age, work status, economic income, residence, education level, marriage, the duration of taking medication and adverse reactions were associated with adherence to adjuvant imatinib therapy (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that female (OR=1.264, P=0.009), non-retirement (OR=1.454, P=0.001), monthly income ≤4000 yuan (OR=1.280, P=0.036), township residents (OR=1.332, P=0.005), unmarried or divorced or widowed (OR=1.362, P=0.026), the duration of imatinib medication >36 months (OR=1.478, P<0.001) and adverse reactions (OR=1.719, P=0.048) were independent risk factors for poor adherence to adjuvant imatinib. Among patients undergoing complete resection, 324 (19.7%) had poor adherence, 836 (50.9%) had moderate adherence, and 482 (29.4%) had good adherence. Meanwhile, 55 patients with good adherence (11.4%) developed recurrence after surgery, 121 patients with moderate adherence (14.5%) developed recurrence, 61 patients with poor adherence (18.8%) developed recurrence, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.017). Conclusions: The adherence to adjuvant therapy with imatinib in Chinese GIST patients is relatively poor. Females, non-retirement, monthly income ≤4000 yuan, township residents, unmarried or divorced or widowed, the duration of imatinib medication >36 months, and adverse reactions are independently associated with poor adherence of GIST patients. Those with poor adherence have a higher risk of recurrence after surgery. Positive interventions based on the above risk factors are advocated to improve the prognosis of patients with GIST.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 866-872, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530593

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of pro-urokinase and reteplase in the treatment of patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: STEMI patients, who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy in Henan STEMI registry between September 2016 and August 2018, were eligible for this study. A total of 5479 patients from 66 hospitals were screened and patients were divided into pro-urokinase group (n=638) and reteplase group (n=702) according to thrombolytic drugs. Data including patient demographics, risk factors, medical histories, patient information at admission, in-hospital treatment, time delays, and clinical events were collected. The clinical recanalization rate, in-hospital mortality, in-hospital death or treatment withdrawal, in-hospital main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, death or treatment withdrawal, congestive heart failure, reinfarction and ischemic stroke) and post-thrombolysis bleeding were compared between the two groups. Bleeding events were evaluated with Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria. Results: The median age [61.8 (53.2, 69.0) vs. 62.6 (52.1, 69.8), P=0.833] or the proportion of women [23.0% (147/638) vs. 25.1% (176/702), P=0.385] were similar between the pro-urokinase and reteplase groups. Clinical recanalization rates were similar between the pro-urokinase and reteplase groups [82.1% (524/638) vs. 84.9% (596/702), P=0.172], and there was no difference in the median time from onset to thrombolysis [194.5 (135.0,290.0) min vs. 190 (126.0,292.0) min, P=0.431] and the median recanalization time [95 (67.5,120.0) min vs. 95 (71.0,119.0) min, P=0.561] between the two groups. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality [5.5% (35/638) vs. 5.1% (36/702), P =0.770], in-hospital all-cause mortality, treatment withdrawal [8.9% (57/638) vs.7.7% (54/702), P=0.410], and in-hospital MACCE [13.0% (83/638) vs. 10.4% (73/702), P=0.137] between pro-urokinase and reteplase groups. However, the incidence of post-thrombolysis bleeding was significantly higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group [7.8% (55/702) vs. 3.8% (24/638), P=0.002]. Further analysis found that the incidence of oral bleeding and the BARC grades 1-2 bleeding were significantly higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group, whereas the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage was similar between the two groups [0.6% (4/638) vs. 0.4% (3/702), P=0.715]. The comparison of efficacy and safety outcomes between the two groups after adjusting for baseline characteristics using general linear mixed models was consistent with those before the adjustment. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality, in-hospital death or treatment withdrawal, in-hospital MACCE after adjusting for baseline characteristics and post-thrombolysis bleeding between the two groups. Conclusions: Pro-urokinase and reteplase have similar clinical efficacy in the treatment of STEMI. In terms of safety, the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage is similar, while the incidence of BARC grades 1-2 bleeding and oral bleeding is higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group, which has no impact on in-hospital outcomes.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Resultado do Tratamento , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 894-899, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530597

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the efficacy of combined treatment strategy of mechanical circulation support devices and immunomodulation therapy for patients with fulminant myocarditis. Method: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and outcomes of 37 fulminant myocarditis patients complicating cardiogenic shock, who were hospitalized from October 2017 to December 2019 in our department. Patients received guideline therapy according to "Chinese expert consensus statement on clinical diagnosis and treatment of fulminant myocarditis in adults"issued by Chinese Society of Cardiology of Chinese Medical Association. Patients were divided into IABP group (n=19), ECMO group (n=5) and IABP+ECMO group (n=13) according to different mechanical circulation support regimen. The treatment effectiveness among various groups were compared. The major endpoint was in-hospital mortality. The duration and outcome of mechanical circulation support were also analyzed. Furthermore, relationships between baseline data, proportion of different treatments (including medicine treatment, temporary pacemaker and continuous renal replacement treatment, immunomodulation therapy) and clinical outcome were analyzed. Results: The age of the 37 patients in the cohort was (37.4±17.0) years, and there were 22 male among them. Immunomodulation therapy included glucocorticoid (methylprednisolone) and intravenous immunoglobin. At admission, blood pressure was (70.21±17.37)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),heart rate was(100±30)beat/minutes,there were 10 cases of Ⅲ° atrioventricular block and all received temporary pacemaker implantation, 12 cases of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation,1 patient received temporary pacemaker implantation due to electronic storm, peak cardiac troponin I level was (18.61±9.55)µg/L, peak B type natriuretic peptide level was 1 670(518,3 410)ng/L,left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was(32.3±10.4)%. Thirty-four out of the 37 patients survived and 3 patients died. Hospital duration was (22.7±8.2)days, LVEF was (50.1±10.5)% at discharge. Lactic acid level was significantly higher in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group and ECMO group(P<0.001 or =0.005),LVEF was significantly lower in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group(P=0.004),the proportion of ventilator usage was higher in IABO+ECMO group than in IABP group (P<0.05). Survival rate was similar among the three groups. Conclusion: Comprehensive treatment regimen with combined mechanical circulation support and immunomodulation therapy as the core strategies is effective in the treatment of fulminant myocarditis complicated with cardiogenic shock.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Miocardite , Adulto , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
8.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480382

RESUMO

The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) is a resurgent pest of rice crops throughout Asia. We recently discovered that octopamine (OA) and OA2B2 operate in the BPH mating system, where it mediates a wide range of molecular, physiological and behavioural changes. Here, we report on outcomes of experiments designed to test the hypothesis that OA/OA2B2 signalling mediates responses to three abiotic stressors, starvation, high temperature (37 °C), and induced oxidative stress. We found per os RNAi-mediated OA2B2 silencing led to significantly decreased survival, measured in days, following exposure to each of these stressors. We selected a biologically costly process, reproductive biology, as a biotic stressor. Silencing of OA2B2 led to decreased total protein content in ovaries and fat bodies, downregulated expression of vitellogenin (Vg) and Vg receptor (VgR), inhibited fat body Vg protein synthesis, shortened the oviposition period, prolonged the preoviposition period, reduced the number of laid eggs, body weight and female longevity. In addition, the silencing treatments also led to inhibited ovarian development, and ovarian Vg uptake, reduced numbers of egg masses and offspring and lower hatching rates and population growth index. These data support our hypothesis that OA2B2 acts in mediating BPH resistance to biotic and abiotic stressors.

9.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247061, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468524

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of common antibiotics against different microorganisms in apparently healthy cattle in Shandong province and its suburb. A total of 220 nasal swab samples were collected and cultured for bacteriological evaluation. All the bacteria isolates after preliminary identification were subjected to antibiogram studies following disc diffusion method. It was found in the study that E. coli is the most commonly associated isolate (21%), followed by Klebsiella spp. (18%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13%), Salmonella spp. (15%), Shigella spp (12%), and Proteus spp (11%). While the antibiogram studies reveled that highest number of bacterial isolates showed resistance to Ampicillin (95%), followed by Augmentin (91%), Cefuroxime (85%) and Tetracycline (95%) of (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp). In the case of pseudomonas spp. and Salmonella the highest resistance was showed by Ampicillin (90%) followed by Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid (80%), Cefixime (90%), and Erythromycin (80%). In Shigella spp and Salmonella spp highest resistance was showed by Amoxicillin, Ceftazidime, Augmentin (60%), and Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid (50%). It is concluded that in vitro antibiogram studies of bacterial isolates revealed higher resistance for Ampicillin, Augmentin, Cefuroxime, Cefixime, Tetracycline, Erythromycin, and Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid. The high multiple Antibiotics resistance indexes (MARI) observed in all the isolates in this study ranging from 0.6 to 0.9. MARI value of >0.2 is suggests multiple antibiotic resistant bacteria and indicate presence of highly resistant bacteria.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Animais , Bovinos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Lactamas , Fenótipo
10.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Structural variations (SVs, defined as DNA variants ≥50 bp) have been associated with various complex human diseases. However, research to screen the whole genome for SVs predisposing to psoriasis is still lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of SVs and psoriasis. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide screen on SVs using an imputation method on 5 independent cohorts with 45,386 subjects from the Chinese Han population. Fine mapping analysis, genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis were conducted to explore the mechanism of SVs. RESULTS: We obtained 4,535 SVs in total and identified 2 novel deletions (esv3608550, OR=2.73, P<2.00×10-308 ; esv3608542, OR=0.47, P=7.40×10-28 ) at 6q21.33 (MHC), 1 novel Alu element insertion (esv3607339, OR=1.22, P=1.18×10-35 ) at 5q33.3 (IL12B), and confirmed 1 previously reported deletion (esv3587563, OR=1.30, P=9.52×10-60 ) at 1q21.2 (LCE) for psoriasis. Fine mapping analysis including SNPs and small Insertions/Deletions (InDels) revealed that esv3608550 and esv3608542 were independently associated with psoriasis, and a novel independent SNP (rs9378188, OR=1.65, P=3.46×10-38 ) was identified at 6q21.33. By genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis, we speculate that the association of 2 deletions at 6q21.33 with psoriasis might relate to their influence on the expression of HLA-C. CONCLUSIONS: Our study constructed the most comprehensive SV map for psoriasis thus far and enriched the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of psoriasis as well as highlighted the nonnegligible impact of SVs on complex diseases.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488279

RESUMO

Occupational exposure to trichloroethylene can induce a series of immune diseases which include systemic rash, multiple system and organ damage, which are defined as occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene (OMLDT) . This article reviews the research progress of the role of T cell immunity, humoral immunity and complement system in the immunological pathogenesis of OMLDT to provide theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of OMLDT.


Assuntos
Dermatite Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Tricloroetileno , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Humanos , Tricloroetileno/toxicidade
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2703-2709, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510877

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of spleen density in predicting the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. Methods: A total of 415 patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical resection in the Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Of the patients, there were 295 males and 120 femles with a median age of 59 years (range 28-83 years). The patients were divided into diffuse decreased spleen density group (DROSD) (spleen density≤43.0 HU, n=118) and non-diffuse decreased spleen density group (N-DROSD) (spleen density>43.0 HU, n=297) according to the density of spleen detected by computed tomography (CT). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the checkpoint of spleen density in predicting the recurrence of the gastric cancer in those patients. The relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in the two groups were further analyzed. Results: The optimal critical value of spleen density for predicting postoperative recurrence of gastric cancer was 43.0 HU, the area under the curve of ROC was 0.608, and the sensitivity and specificity was 84.9% and 40.4%, respectively. Spleen density was related to albumin, hemoglobin, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and tumor diameter in patients with gastric cancer (all P<0.05). The 5-year disease-free survival rate and 5-year disease-specific survival rate of all the patients was 45.5% and 50.1%, respectively. Univariate survival analysis showed that age, NLR, PLR, tumor location, tumor diameter, Lauren classification, TNM stage, nerve invasion, vascular invasion, DROSD and adjuvant chemotherapy were all related to the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05); Age, NLR, tumor location, tumor diameter, Lauren classification, TNM stage, nerve invasion, vascular invasion, DROSD and adjuvant chemotherapy were all related to the 5-year disease-specific survival rate (all P<0.05). Multivariate survival analysis showed that high NLR level (HR=1.501, 95%CI: 1.136-1.984), late TNM stage (HR=2.559, 95%CI: 1.850-3.539), DROSD (HR=2.093, 95%CI: 1.571-2.788) and no adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=1.583, 95%CI: 1.204-2.083) were independent risk factor for the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05). Late TNM stage (HR=1.938, 95%CI: 1.395-2.692), DROSD (HR=1.566, 95%CI: 1.180-2.078) and no adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=1.336, 95%CI: 1.016-1.758) were independent risk factors for the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05). For stage Ⅰ patients, the 5-year disease-free survival rates of DROSD group and N-DROSD group was 78.6% and 83.7%, respectively; and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates was 85.7% and 89.8%, respectively (both P>0.05). For stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ patients, the 5-year disease-free survival rates of DROSD group and N-DROSD group was 15.4% and 48.8%, respectively, and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates was 17.3% and 54.0%, respectively (all P<0.001). Conclusion: As an imaging evaluation method, spleen density is a new tool, which can be used as a prognostic indicator for gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Baço/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521164

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the development of auditory speech perception and spatial hearing abilities within one year after cochlear implantation in preschool prelingual deaf children and the relationship between the two abilities. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 31 preschool children with an average age of (2.3±1.2) years. All cases were assessed at pre-implant, 6 months and 12 months post-implant using the Infant-toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS), the Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS) and the Mandarin Early Speech Perception test (MESP) to evaluate their listening and speech perception abilities, and using the Speech,Spatial,and Other Qualities of Hearing Scale for Parents (SSQ-P) questionnaires to evaluate their speech perception and spatial hearing abilities. SPSS 23.0 was used for the statistical analysis. Results: All children performed better at 6 months and 12 months post-implant with IT-MAIS/MAIS, MESP than pre-implant, and the scoring rate continued to improve, with a significant difference (P<0.01). For the SSQ-P (Speech) and SSQ-P (Spatial) scores, the mean scores of pre-implant were (0.9±0.2) points and (0.8±0.3) points, those of 6 months post-implant were (4.6±0.2) and (2.6±0.3), and 12 months post-implant were (6.2±0.2) and (6.3±0.3), the scores of the two groups were significantly different at pre-implant, 6 months and 12 months post-implant (P<0.01). The growth rate of SSQ-P (Spatial) from pre-implant to 12 months post-implant was 675.3%, and the growth rate from 6 months post-implant to 12 months post-implant was 140.6%, the growth rate showed an significant increase compared with IT-MAIS/MAIS, MESP and SSQ-P (Speech).SSQ-P (Speech) and SSQ-P (Spatial) scores were moderate correlation at 12 months post-implant(r=0.465, P=0.008). Conclusions: Within one year after cochlear implantation, listening, speech perception and spatial hearing abilities of preschool prelingual deaf children could show a comprehensive, continuous and significant progress as the implantation time increasing. The growth rate of spatial hearing is greater than that of speech perception at 12 months post-implant, and the spatial hearing could still show rapid development characteristics after 6 months post-implant.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Surdez , Percepção da Fala , Percepção Auditiva , Pré-Escolar , Surdez/cirurgia , Audição , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fala
15.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 334-338, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a rapid test for detection of Schistosoma japonicum specific gene fragments based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and nucleic acid dipstick test. METHODS: The S. japonicum SjG28 gene fragment was selected as the target gene fragment, and the primers and fluorescent probe were designed and synthesized. Then, a S. japonicum nucleic acid dipstick test was established. The sensitivity of this dipstick test was evaluated by detecting different copies of recombinant plasmids containing the S. japonicum SjG28 gene fragment and different concentrations of genomic DNA from adult worms of S. japonicum, and the specificity of the dipstick test was evaluated by detecting the genomic DNA from Clonorchis sinensis, S. mansoni, Ancylostoma duodenale, S. haematobium, Babesia and Paragonimus westermani. RESULTS: The S. japonicum nucleic acid dipstick test based on the S. japonicum SjG28 gene fragment showed the minimum detectable limit of 10 copies/µL of the recombinant plasmid containing the S. japonicum SjG28 gene fragment and the minimum detectable limit of 1 pg/µL of S. japonicum genomic DNA, and the dipstick assay tested negative for the genomic DNA from C. sinensis, S. mansoni, A. duodenale, S. haematobium, Babesia and P. westermani. CONCLUSIONS: A rapid, simple, and visualized assay is established for detection of S. japonicum specific gene fragments based on RAA and nucleic acid dipstick test.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos , Schistosoma japonicum , Animais , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Recombinases , Schistosoma japonicum/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 442-444, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505458

RESUMO

The diagnosis and treatment of a local case with alveolar echinococcosis was presented. Based on clinical data and epidemiological surveys, this is a rare, local case with alveolar echinococcosis in Nanzhang County, suggesting the possibility of local transmission of echinococcosis. The prevention, control and surveillance of echinococcosis requires to be reinforced in nonendemic areas.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 732-735, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517451

RESUMO

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease is a hepatic manifestation of systemic metabolic disorders, with a high prevalence. Moreover, it often coexists and evidently interacts with liver injury caused by a variety of viral infections in association with specific bacterial or fungal infectious diseases, and thus unitedly affect the intra-and extrahepatic diseases clinical outcome. The mutual effects, natural process, and extrahepatic manifestations of the two diseases combined coexistence are now elaborated here.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Metabólicas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Prevalência
18.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528734

RESUMO

The vacuolar-type H+ -ATPase (V-ATPase) is an ATP-dependent proton pump, which regulates various cellular processes. To date, most functional studies on V-ATPases of insects have focused on subunits of the V1 complex, and there is little information on the VO genes. In this study, two cDNA sequences of LmV-ATPase a were identified in Locusta migratoria. RT-qPCR analysis revealed that LmV-ATPase a1 and LmV-ATPase a2 are differentially expressed in various tissues and developmental stages. Injection of dsRNA for the common region of LmV-ATPase a1 and LmV-ATPase a2 into third-instar nymphs resulted in a significant suppression of LmV-ATPase a. The injected nymphs ceased feeding, lost body weight, and finally died at a mortality of 98.6%. Furthermore, aberrations of midgut epithelial cells, the accumulation of electron-lucent vesicles in the cytoplasm, and a partially damaged brush border were observed in dsLmV-ATPase a injected nymphs using transmission electron microscopy. Especially, the mRNA level of wingles, and notch genes were dramatically down-regulated in the dsLmV-ATPase a-injected nymphs. Taken together, our results suggest that LmV-ATPase a is required for survival and midgut development of L. migratoria. Hence, this gene could be a good target for RNAi-based control against locusts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
ESMO Open ; 6(5): 100269, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A favorable model for predicting disease-free survival (DFS) and stratifying prognostic risk in breast cancer (BC) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is lacking. The aim of the current study was to formulate an excellent model specially for predicting prognosis in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2015, 749 early-stage BC patients who received NAC in Xijing hospital were included. Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (n = 563) and an independent cohort (n = 186). A prognostic model was created and subsequently validated. Predictive performance and discrimination were further measured and compared with other models. RESULTS: Clinical American Joint Committee on Cancer stage, grade, estrogen receptor expression, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status and treatment, Ki-67 expression, lymphovascular invasion, and residual cancer burden were identified as independent prognostic variables for BC treated with NAC. The C-index of the model consistently outperformed other available models as well as single independent factors with 0.78, 0.80, 0.75, 0.82, and 0.77 in the training cohort, independent cohort, luminal BC, HER2-positive BC, and triple-negative BC, respectively. With the optimal cut-off values (280 and 360) selected by X-tile, patients were categorized as low-risk (total points ≤280), moderate-risk (280 < total points ≤ 360), and high-risk (total points >360) groups presenting significantly different 5-year DFS of 89.9%, 56.9%, and 27.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with BC, the first model including residual cancer burden index was demonstrated to predict the survival of individuals with favorable performance and discrimination. Furthermore, the risk stratification generated by it could determine the risk level of recurrence in whole early-stage BC cohort and subtype-specific cohorts, help tailor personalized intensive treatment, and select comparable study cohort in clinical trials.

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