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1.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 12(1): 61, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637883

RESUMO

We aimed to identify the druggable cell-intrinsic vulnerabilities and target-based drug therapies for PitNETs using the high-throughput drug screening (HTS) and genomic sequencing methods. We examined 9 patient-derived PitNET primary cells in HTS. Based on the screening results, the potential target genes were analyzed with genomic sequencing from a total of 180 PitNETs. We identified and verified one of the most potentially effective drugs, which targeted the Histone deacetylases (HDACs) both in in vitro and in vivo PitNET models. Further RNA sequencing revealed underlying molecular mechanisms following treatment with the representative HDACs inhibitor, Panobinostat. The HTS generated a total of 20,736 single-agent dose responses which were enriched among multiple inhibitors for various oncogenic targets, including HDACs, PI3K, mTOR, and proteasome. Among these drugs, HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) were, on average, the most potent drug class. Further studies using in vitro, in vivo, and isolated PitNET primary cell models validated HDACIs, especially Panobinostat, as a promising therapeutic agent. Transcriptional surveys revealed substantial alterations to the Nrf2 signaling following Panobinostat treatment. Moreover, Nrf2 is highly expressed in PitNETs. The combination of Panobinostat and Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 had a synergistic effect on PitNET suppression. The current study revealed a class of effective anti-PitNET drugs, HDACIs, based on the HTS and genomic sequencing. One of the representative compounds, Panobinostat, may be a potential drug for PitNET treatment via Nrf2-mediated redox modulation. Combination of Panobinostat and ML385 further enhance the effectiveness for PitNET treatment.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Panobinostat/farmacologia , Panobinostat/uso terapêutico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1349272, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638135

RESUMO

Background: Active surveillance has been an option for patients with low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, whether delayed surgery leads to an increased risk of local tumor metastasis remain unclear. We sought to investigate the impact of observation time on central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) and multifocal disease in patients with low-risk PTC. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with asymptomatic low-risk PTC, and with a pathological maximum tumor size ≤1.5 cm by were included. The patients were classified into observation group and immediate surgery group, and subgroup analyses were conducted by observation time period. The prevalence of CLNM, lymph node (LN) involved >5, multifocal PTC and bilateral multifocal PTC were considered as outcome variables. The changing trend and risk ratio of prevalence over observation time were evaluated by Mann-Kendall trend test and Logistics regression. Results: Overall, 3,427 and 1,860 patients were classified to the observation group and immediate surgery group, respectively. Trend tests showed that decreasing trends both on the prevalence of CLNM and LN involved >5 over the observation time, but the difference was not statistically significant, and the prevalence of multifocal PTC and bilateral multifocal PTC showed the significant decreasing trends. After adjustment, multivariate analysis showed no statistically significant difference between observed and immediate surgery groups in the four outcome variables. Conclusion: In patients with subclinical asymptomatic low-risk PTC, observation did not result in an increased incidence of local metastatic disease, nor did the increased surgery extent in patients with delayed surgery compared to immediate surgery. These findings can strengthen the confidence in the active surveillance management for both doctors and patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/epidemiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Carcinoma Papilar/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(33): 4463-4466, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563776

RESUMO

Magnetostrictive CoFe2O4 (CFO) nanoparticles were encapsulated within a UiO-66 metal-organic-framework layer to form a CFO@UiO-66 nanohybrid. The deforming of CFO, in response to a high-frequency AC magnetic field, initiates the piezocatalytic property of UiO-66 to generate ˙OH radicals, which can kill cancer cells buried in thick tissues, showcasing bright potential for deep-seated tumor treatment.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Neoplasias , Ácidos Ftálicos , Humanos , Campos Magnéticos
4.
Ann Ital Chir ; 95(1): 6-12, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469608

RESUMO

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant tumor originating in the salivary glands. It most commonly affects the salivary and lacrimal glands, with less frequent occurrences in the esophagus. Esophageal ACC (EACC) typically manifests in the middle or lower parts of the esophagus, with exceedingly rare instances in the upper part. Lung metastasis in EACC is uncommon, and understanding its clinical features and treatment strategies remains challenging. In this study, we present a case of ACC originating in the upper esophagus with lung metastasis. The patient, a middle-aged female, was admitted to the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine due to an esophageal mass discovered during physical examination that had been present for 4.5 years, along with a newly identified pulmonary nodule for 2 weeks. An X-ray barium meal revealed the presence of a benign esophageal cervical mass. Gastroscopy revealed elevated lesions below the esophageal inlet, and a pathological biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of EACC. The aim of this case report is to enhance understanding of this rare condition and improve clinicians' awareness of the disease. By providing details of the patient's diagnosis, clinical presentation, imaging features and pathological features, we aim to improve diagnostic accuracy and clinical management of similar cases in the future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Biópsia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(31): 4186-4189, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530669

RESUMO

Adherent bubbles at electrodes are generally treated as reaction penalties. Herein, in situ hydroxylation of indium tin oxide surfaces can be easily achieved by applying a constant potential of +1.0 V in the presence of bubbles. Its successful hydroxylation is further demonstrated by preparing a ferrocene-terminated film, which is confirmed by cyclic voltammetry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

6.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 14(3): 1187-1203, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486999

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of GNAQ/11 is the initiative oncogenic event in uveal melanoma (UM). Direct targeting GNAQ/11 has yet to be proven feasible as they are vital for a plethora of cellular functions. In search of genetic vulnerability for UM, we found that inhibition of euchromatic histone lysine methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2) expression or activity significantly reduced the proliferation and migration capacity of cancer cells. Notably, elevated expression of EHMT2 had been validated in UM samples. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated high EHMT2 protein level was related to poor recurrence-free survival and a more advanced T stage. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing analysis and the following mechanistic investigation showed that ARHGAP29 was a downstream target of EHMT2. Its transcription was suppressed by EHMT2 in a methyltransferase-dependent pattern in GNAQ/11-mutant UM cells, leading to elevated RhoA activity. Rescuing constitutively active RhoA in UM cells lacking EHMT2 restored oncogenic phenotypes. Simultaneously blocking EHMT2 and GNAQ/11 signaling in vitro and in vivo showed a synergistic effect on UM growth, suggesting the driver role of these two key molecules. In summary, our study shows evidence for an epigenetic program of EHMT2 regulation that influences UM progression and indicates inhibiting EHMT2 and MEK/ERK simultaneously as a therapeutic strategy in GNAQ/11-mutant UM.

7.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(4): nwae036, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440218

RESUMO

This perspective defines and explores an innovative waste heat harvesting strategy, thermoelectrocatalysis (TECatal), emphasizing materials design and potential applications in clean energy, environmental, and biomedical technologies.

8.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(2): 101416, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350451

RESUMO

Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas varying in clinical, phenotypic, and genetic features. The molecular pathogenesis and the role of the tumor microenvironment in PTCL are poorly understood, with limited biomarkers available for genetic subtyping and targeted therapies. Through an integrated genomic and transcriptomic study of 221 PTCL patients, we delineate the genetic landscape of PTCL, enabling molecular and microenvironment classification. According to the mutational status of RHOA, TET2, histone-modifying, and immune-related genes, PTCL is divided into 4 molecular subtypes with discrete patterns of gene expression, biological aberrations, and vulnerabilities to targeted agents. We also perform an unsupervised clustering on the microenvironment transcriptional signatures and categorize PTCL into 4 lymphoma microenvironment subtypes based on characteristic activation of oncogenic pathways and composition of immune communities. Our findings highlight the potential clinical rationale of future precision medicine strategies that target both molecular and microenvironment alterations in PTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Mutação , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
9.
Curr Biol ; 34(4): 868-880.e6, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366595

RESUMO

The flavor profile of tea is influenced not only by different tea varieties but also by the surrounding soil environment. Recent studies have indicated the regulatory role of soil microbes residing in plant roots in nutrient uptake and metabolism. However, the impact of this regulatory mechanism on tea quality remains unclear. In this study, we showed that a consortium of microbes isolated from tea roots enhanced ammonia uptake and facilitated the synthesis of theanine, a key determinant of tea taste. Variations were observed in the composition of microbial populations colonizing tea roots and the rhizosphere across different seasons and tea varieties. By comparing the root microorganisms of the high-theanine tea variety Rougui with the low-theanine variety Maoxie, we identified a specific group of microbes that potentially modulate nitrogen metabolism, subsequently influencing the theanine levels in tea. Furthermore, we constructed a synthetic microbial community (SynCom) mirroring the microbe population composition found in Rougui roots. Remarkably, applying SynCom resulted in a significant increase in the theanine content of tea plants and imparted greater tolerance to nitrogen deficiency in Arabidopsis. Our study provides compelling evidence supporting the use of root microorganisms as functional microbial fertilizers to enhance tea quality.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Glutamatos , Microbiota , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Solo , Homeostase , Chá/metabolismo
10.
Small ; : e2311240, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299719

RESUMO

Shape memory hydrogels provide a worldwide scope for functional soft materials. However, most shape memory hydrogels exhibit poor mechanical properties, leading to low actuation strength, which severely limits their applications in smart biomimetic devices. Herein, a strategy for muscle-inspired shape memory-oriented polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-natural rubber latex (NRL) hydrogel (OPNH) with multiscale oriented structure is demonstrated. The shape memory function comes from the stretch-induced crystallization of natural rubber (NR), while PVA forms strong hydrogen bonding interactions with proteins and phospholipids on the surface of NRL particles. Meanwhile, the reconfigurable interactions of PVA and NR produce a multiscale-oriented structure during stretch-drying, improving the mechanical and shape memory properties. The resultant OPNH shows excellent interfacial compatibility, exhibiting outstanding mechanical performance (3.2 MPa), high shape fixity (≈80%) and shape recovery ratio (≈92%), high actuation strength (206 kPa), working capacity (105 kJ m- 3 ), extremely short response time (≈2 s), low response temperature (28 °C) and smart thermal responsiveness. It can even maintain muscle-like working capacity when lifting a load equivalent to 372 times its weight, providing a new class shape memory material for the application in smart biomimetic muscles and multistimulus responsive devices.

11.
J Neural Eng ; 21(1)2024 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335544

RESUMO

Objective.Dynamic functional network connectivity (dFNC), based on data-driven group independent component (IC) analysis, is an important avenue for investigating underlying patterns of certain brain diseases such as schizophrenia. Canonical polyadic decomposition (CPD) of a higher-way dynamic functional connectivity tensor, can offer an innovative spatiotemporal framework to accurately characterize potential dynamic spatial and temporal fluctuations. Since multi-subject dFNC data from sliding-window analysis are also naturally a higher-order tensor, we propose an innovative sparse and low-rank CPD (SLRCPD) for the three-way dFNC tensor to excavate significant dynamic spatiotemporal aberrant changes in schizophrenia.Approach.The proposed SLRCPD approach imposes two constraints. First, the L1regularization on spatial modules is applied to extract sparse but significant dynamic connectivity and avoid overfitting the model. Second, low-rank constraint is added on time-varying weights to enhance the temporal state clustering quality. Shared dynamic spatial modules, group-specific dynamic spatial modules and time-varying weights can be extracted by SLRCPD. The strength of connections within- and between-IC networks and connection contribution are proposed to inspect the spatial modules. K-means clustering and classification are further conducted to explore temporal group difference.Main results.82 subject resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) dataset and opening Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) schizophrenia dataset both containing schizophrenia patients (SZs) and healthy controls (HCs) were utilized in our work. Three typical dFNC patterns between different brain functional regions were obtained. Compared to the spatial modules of HCs, the aberrant connections among auditory network, somatomotor, visual, cognitive control and cerebellar networks in 82 subject dataset and COBRE dataset were detected. Four temporal states reveal significant differences between SZs and HCs for these two datasets. Additionally, the accuracy values for SZs and HCs classification based on time-varying weights are larger than 0.96.Significance.This study significantly excavates spatio-temporal patterns for schizophrenia disease.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cerebelo
12.
RSC Adv ; 14(5): 3390-3399, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38259982

RESUMO

Considering the significant role of magnetism induction in two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor materials, we systematically investigate the effects of various dopants from the 3d and 4d transition metal (TM) series, including Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag and Cd, on the electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer B2S2 through first-principles calculations. The calculated formation energies indicate that substitutional doping at the B site with various TM atoms could be achieved under S-rich growth conditions. What matters is that with the exception of systems doped with Cu, Tc, and Ag elements, which exhibit non-magnetic semiconductor properties, all other doped systems demonstrate magnetism. Specifically, the Cr-, Ni- and Pd-doped monolayers are magnetic half-metals, while the rest are magnetic semiconductors. We have also performed calculations of magnetic couplings between two TM atoms with an impurity concentration of 3.12%, revealing the prevalence of weak magnetic coupling in the majority of the magnetic systems examined. Moreover, the monolayers doped with Cr, Zr and Pd atoms exhibit ferromagnetic ground states. These findings strongly support the high potential for inducing magnetism in the B2S2 monolayer through B-site doping.

13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 329: 121796, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286560

RESUMO

Cellulose II nanocrystals (CNC II) possess a higher thermal stability and improved emulsifying capability than cellulose I nanocrystals (CNC I) owing to the higher density of their hydrogen bonds and more larger surface areas. Therefore, CNC II exhibit substantial advantages for value-added nanocomposite materials. Current CNC II preparation methods are mainly based on a two-pot reaction involving acid hydrolysis and crystal transformation. In this study, considering the oxidative nature of potassium ferrate (K2FeO4) in an alkaline environment containing a small amount of sodium hypochlorite (NaClO), a one-step and efficient approach was developed for the preparation of carboxyl-bearing CNC II from cotton pulp, affording a maximum CNC II yield of 45.14 %. Atomic force microscopy analysis revealed that the prepared CNCs exhibited a "rod-like" shape with a width of ~7 nm and a length of ~269 nm. The resulting CNC II also exhibited excellent thermal stability (Tonset = 311.4 °C). Furthermore, high-internal-phase Pickering emulsions (HIPPEs) stabilized by CNC II were prepared to stabilize liquid paraffin in the absence of surfactant. The results revealed that CNC II could be used as an effective emulsifier to fabricate the stable and gel-like HIPPEs, and are promising for the preparation of high value-added nanocomposite materials.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(4): e37080, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277543

RESUMO

This study assessed oral health conditions and associated factors (including sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported oral health-related behaviors) among Chinese adolescents. This cross-sectional study enrolled 3840 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years from 12 middle schools in Foshan, Southeast China, in 2016, using multistage, stratified cluster sampling. Participants underwent a clinical oral examination and completed a questionnaire. The prevalence of dental caries, probe bleeding, and calculus was 37.6%, 46.2%, and 39.7%, respectively; the mean decayed/missed/filled teeth index was 0.86 ±â€…1.58. A mean of 2.09 ±â€…3.65 and 1.85 ±â€…3.52 teeth showed probe bleeding and calculus, respectively. Only 0.3% and 0.1% of adolescents aged 15 years had periodontal pockets (depth ≥ 4 mm) and attachment loss, respectively, which were most common in tooth positions 46 and 36 (Federation Dentaire International 2-digit system). Regarding oral health-related behavior, 49.1% of the participants failed to brush their teeth at least twice daily, 98.5% never or rarely used dental floss, and 58.7% reported middle-high frequency sugar consumption. Older age, female, administrative region, maternal education lower than university, brushing teeth less than twice daily, flossing less than once daily, and frequent sugar consumption were significant risk factors of caries. Older age, female, administrative region, brushing less than twice daily, and flossing less than once daily significantly increased periodontal risk. Despite the overall low prevalence of adverse dental conditions among adolescents in Foshan, their oral hygiene habits were undeveloped. Thus, their identified risk factors need close monitoring, and families, schools, communities, and the government should jointly promote adolescents' oral health.


Assuntos
Cálculos , Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Criança , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Açúcares da Dieta
15.
Chemistry ; 30(11): e202303004, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38189555

RESUMO

Due to the high surface area and uniform porosity of covalent organic frameworks (COFs), they exhibit superior properties in capturing and detecting even trace amounts of gases in the air. However, the COFs materials that possess dual detected functionality are still less reported. Here, an imine-based COF containing thiophene as a donor and triazine as an acceptor to form spatial-distribution-defined D-A structures was prepared. D-A system between thiophene and triazine facilitates the charge transfer process during the protonation process of the imine and the triazine units. The obtained COF exhibits simultaneous sensing ability toward both acidic and alkaline vapors with obvious colorimetric sensing functionality.

16.
Gastroenterology ; 2024 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the increasing number of treatment options available for liver cancer, only a small proportion of patients achieve long-term clinical benefits. Here, we aim to develop new therapeutic approaches for liver cancer. METHODS: A compound screen was conducted to identify inhibitors that could synergistically induce senescence when combined with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor. The combination effects of CDK4/6 inhibitor and exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor on cellular senescence were investigated in a panel of human liver cancer cell lines and multiple liver cancer models. A senolytic drug screen was performed to identify drugs that selectively killed senescent liver cancer cells. RESULTS: The combination of CDK4/6 inhibitor and XPO1 inhibitor synergistically induces senescence of liver cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The XPO1 inhibitor acts by causing accumulation of RB1 in the nucleus, leading to decreased E2F signaling and promoting senescence induction by the CDK4/6 inhibitor. Through a senolytic drug screen, cereblon (CRBN)-based proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) ARV-825 was identified as an agent that can selectively kill senescent liver cancer cells. Up-regulation of CRBN was a vulnerability of senescent liver cancer cells, making them sensitive to CRBN-based PROTAC drugs. Mechanistically, we find that ubiquitin specific peptidase 2 (USP2) directly interacts with CRBN, leading to the deubiquitination and stabilization of CRBN in senescent liver cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates a striking synergy in senescence induction of liver cancer cells through the combination of CDK4/6 inhibitor and XPO1 inhibitor. These findings also shed light on the molecular processes underlying the vulnerability of senescent liver cancer cells to CRBN-based PROTAC therapy.

17.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(7): 3926-3935, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38252625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi) possesses extensive pharmacological activities associated with anti-tumour, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aimed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-ageing effects of A. argyi extract (AAE) on the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) ageing model by detecting antioxidant enzyme activities and the mRNA level of antioxidant genes. RESULTS: AAE could significantly lengthen the mean lifespan, 50% survival days, and maximum lifespan of D. melanogaster, especially when the amount of AAE added reached 6.68 mg mL-1, the mean lifespan of both female and male flies increased by 23.74% and 22.30%, respectively, indicating the effective life extension effect of AAE. At the same time, AAE could improve the climbing ability and tolerance to hydrogen peroxide in D. melanogaster. In addition, the addition of AAE effectively increased the activities of copper-zinc-containing superoxide dismutase, manganese-containing superoxide dismutase and catalase in D. melanogaster and reduced the contents of malondialdehyde. Moreover, when reared with diets containing AAE, the expression of antioxidant-related genes SOD1, SOD2 and CAT was up-regulated in D. melanogaster and down-regulated for MTH genes. CONCLUSION: The study indicates that AAE effectively enhances the antioxidant capacity of D. melanogaster and has potential applications as an antioxidant and anti-ageing agent in the nutraceutical industry. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Drosophila melanogaster , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Longevidade , Envelhecimento , Suplementos Nutricionais
18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1715: 464621, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198876

RESUMO

White tea contains the highest flavonoids compared to other teas. While there have been numerous studies on the components of different tea varieties, research explicitly focusing on the flavonoid content of white tea remains scarce, making the need for a good flavonoid purification process for white tea even more important. This study compared the adsorption and desorption performance of five types of macroporous resins: D101, HP20, HPD500, DM301, and AB-8. Among the tested resins, AB-8 was selected based on its best adsorption and desorption performance to investigate the static adsorption kinetics and dynamic adsorption-desorption purification of white tea flavonoids. The optimal purification process was determined: adsorption temperature 25 °C, crude tea flavonoid extract pH 3, ethanol concentration 80 %, sample loading flow rate and eluent flow rate 1.5 BV/min, and eluent dosage 40 BV. The results indicated that the adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Under the above purification conditions, the purity of the total flavonoids in the purified white tea flavonoid increased from approximately 17.69 to 46.23 %, achieving a 2.61-fold improvement, indicating good purification results. The purified white tea flavonoid can be further used for nutraceutical and pharmaceutical applications.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Resinas Sintéticas , Flavonoides/análise , Adsorção , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Resinas Vegetais , Chá
19.
Nanoscale ; 16(2): 645-656, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38088254

RESUMO

Adhesive hydrogels (AHs) are considered ideal materials for flexible sensors. However, the lack of effective energy dissipation networks and sparse surface polar groups in AHs lead to poor mechanical properties and interfacial adhesion, which limit their practical application. Herein, a tough, long-lasting adhesive and highly conductive nanocomposite hydrogel (PACPH) was fabricated via the synergy of interfacial entanglement and adhesion group densification. PACPH was obtained by the in situ polymerization of highly carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals (SCNCPA, surface pre-grafted polyacrylic acid chains, C-COOH = 11.5 mmol g-1) with the acrylic acid precursor. The unique tacticity of SCNCPA provides strong interface entanglement and multiple hydrogen bonds with the PACPH network, which further increases the energy dissipated during SCNCPA displacements, and enhances the mechanical properties of PACPH (tensile strength = 1.45 MPa, modulus = 332 kPa, and fracture toughness = 13.2 MJ m-3). Meanwhile, SCNCPA increases the density of surface polar groups in PAPCH and also acts as an anchor point to improve the adhesion strength (>2-3 times) of PACPH on various substrates. The combination of excellent mechanical, adhesive, and conductive properties of the PAPCH-integrated patches enables long-term monitoring of human daily activities and electrocardiogram (ECG) signals, verifying that PAPCH is a promising material platform for the further development of flexible sensors and other health management devices.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(1): 80-93, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38152984

RESUMO

Traditional antibiotics are facing a tremendous challenge due to increased antimicrobial resistance; hence, there is an urgent need to find novel antibiotic alternatives. Milk protein-derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are currently attracting substantial attention considering that they showcase an extensive spectrum of antimicrobial activities, with slower development of antimicrobial resistance and safety of raw materials. This review summarizes the molecular properties, and activity mechanisms and highlights the applications and limitations of AMPs derived from milk proteins comprehensively. Also the analytical technologies, especially bioinformatics methodologies, applied in the process of screening, identification, and mechanism illustration of AMPs were underlined. This review will give some ideas for further research and broadening of the applications of milk protein-derived AMPs in the food field.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos , Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas do Leite
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