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1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3367-3386, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617794

RESUMO

Purpose: Hypoxia is often associated with glioma chemoresistance, and alleviating hypoxia is also crucial for improving treatment efficacy. However, although there are already some methods that can improve efficacy by alleviating hypoxia, real-time monitoring that can truly achieve hypoxia relief and efficacy feedback still needs to be explored. Methods: AQ4N/Gd@PDA-FA nanoparticles (AGPF NPs) were synthesized using a one-pot method and were characterized. The effects of AGPF NPs on cell viability, cellular uptake, and apoptosis were investigated using the U87 cell line. Moreover, the effectiveness of AGPF NPs in alleviating hypoxia was explored in tumor-bearing mice through photoacoustic imaging. In addition, the diagnosis and treatment effect of AGPF NPs were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bioluminescent imaging (BLI) on orthotopic glioma mice respectively. Results: In vitro experiments showed that AGPF NPs had good dispersion, stability, and controlled release. AGPF NPs were internalized by cells through endocytosis, and could significantly reduce the survival rate of U87 cells and increase apoptosis under irradiation. In addition, we monitored blood oxygen saturation at the tumor site in real-time through photoacoustic imaging (PAI), and the results showed that synergistic mild-photothermal therapy/chemotherapy effectively alleviated tumor hypoxia. Finally, in vivo anti-tumor experiments have shown that synergistic therapy can effectively alleviate hypoxia and inhibit the growth of orthotopic gliomas. Conclusion: This work not only provides an effective means for real-time monitoring of the dynamic feedback between tumor hypoxia relief and therapeutic efficacy, but also offers a potential approach for the clinical treatment of gliomas.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas , Glioma , Terapia Fototérmica , Animais , Camundongos , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/terapia , Ácido Fólico , Hipóxia
2.
Phytochem Anal ; 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659238

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The sesquiterpene glycosides (SGs) from Dendrobium nobile Lindl. have immunomodulatory effects. However, there are no studies on the growth conditions affecting its contents and quantitative analysis methods. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, a quantitative analysis method for six SGs from D. nobile was established. We explored which growth conditions could affect the contents of SGs, providing a basis for the cultivation and clinical application of D. nobile. METHODS: Firstly, based on the optimization of mass spectrometry parameters and extraction conditions for six SGs in D. nobile, a method for the determination of the contents of six SGs was established using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QqQ-MS/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Then, the methodology of the established method was validated. Secondly, the established method was applied to determine the contents of six SGs from 78 samples of D. nobile grown under different growth conditions. Finally, chemometrics analysis was employed to analyze the results and select optimal growth conditions for D. nobile. RESULTS: The results indicated significant variations in the contents of SGs from D. nobile grown under different growth conditions. The primary factors influencing SG contents included age, geographical origin, altitude, and epiphytic pattern. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the established method for determining SG contents from D. nobile is stable. In particular, the SG contents were relatively high in samples of 3-year-old D. nobile grown at an altitude of approximately 500 m on Danxia rocks in Chishui, Guizhou.

3.
ACS Omega ; 9(12): 13692-13703, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559921

RESUMO

Cantharidin (CTD) is a compound of mylabris with antitumor activity, and CTD can potentially cause toxicity, especially hepatotoxicity. The classical Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription Shuganning injection (SGNI) exerts notable anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects. However, the protective property and mechanism of SGNI against CTD-induced liver injury (CTD-DILI) have not yet been elucidated. To investigate the effective compounds, potential targets, and molecular mechanism of SGNI against CTD-DILI, network pharmacology combined with experiments were performed. This study found that SGNI could act with 62 core therapeutic targets, regulate multiple biological processes such as apoptosis, and oxidative stress, and influence apoptotic and p53 signaling pathways to treat CTD-DILI. Subsequently, HepaRG cell experiments demonstrated that SGNI pretreatment significantly increased the levels of GSH-Px and SOD, inhibiting the apoptosis induced by CTD. In vivo, according to H&E staining, SGNI can reduce the degeneration of hepatocytes and cytoplasmic vacuolation in mice exposed to CTD. Western blot analysis results indicated that SGNI pretreatment significantly suppressed the expressions of Caspase-3 and Bax while increasing the expression of Bcl-2. In conclusion, SGNI acted as a protective agent against CTD-DILI by inhibiting apoptosis.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 349: 123949, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38636836

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) is a heavy metal known for its detrimental effects on the kidneys, but the precise mechanisms underlying its toxicity remain unclear. In this study, we employed an integrated approach combining traditional toxicology methods with functional metabolomics to explore the nephrotoxicity induced by As in mice. Our findings demonstrated that after 28 days of exposure to sodium arsenite, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine levels were significantly increased, and pathological examination of the kidneys revealed dilation of renal tubules and glomerular injury. Additionally, uric acid, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significant increased while triglyceride level was decreased, resulting in renal insufficiency and lipid disorders. Subsequently, the kidney metabolomics analysis revealed that As exposure disrupted 24 differential metabolites, including 14 up-regulated and 10 down-regulated differential metabolites. Ten metabolic pathways including linoleic acid and glycerophospholipid metabolism were significantly enriched. Then, 80 metabolic targets and 168 predicted targets were identified using metabolite network pharmacology analysis. Of particular importance, potential toxicity targets, such as glycine amidinotransferase, mitochondrial (GATM), and nitric oxide synthase, and endothelial (NOS3), were prioritized through the "metabolite-target-pathway" network. Receiver operating characteristics curve and molecular docking analyses suggested that 1-palmitoyl-2-myristoyl-sn-glycero-3-PC, linoleic acid, and L-hydroxyarginine might be functional metabolites associated with GATM and NOS3. Moreover, targeted verification result showed that the level of linoleic acid in As group was 0.4951 µg/mL, which was significantly decreased compared with the control group. And in vivo and in vitro protein expression experiments confirmed that As exposure inhibited the expression of GATM and NOS3. In conclusion, these results suggest that As-induced renal injury may be associated with the inhibition of linoleic acid metabolism through the down-regulation of GATM and NOS3, resulting in decreased levels of linoleic acid, 1-palmitoyl-2-myristoyl-sn-glycero-3-PC, and L-hydroxyarginine metabolites.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Água Potável , Rim , Ácido Linoleico , Metabolômica , Animais , Camundongos , Ácido Linoleico/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsênio/toxicidade , Arsênio/metabolismo , Água Potável/química , Masculino , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
5.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 150(4): 351-352, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451503

RESUMO

A 23-year-old male patient sought evaluation at the vascular thyroid surgery clinic for a large neck tumor that appeared abruptly 10 days prior. What is your diagnosis?


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia
6.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 134(5): 737-749, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477401

RESUMO

Cantharidin (CTD) is a widely used anticancer compound, but its clinical use is mainly limited due to hepatotoxicity. Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) shows potential hepatoprotective effects. Nonetheless, the protective effect and underlying mechanism of GRb1 against CTD-induced hepatotoxicity in mice have not been investigated. This study aims to elucidate the effect and mechanism of GRb1 on CTD-induced hepatotoxicity using network pharmacology and in vivo experiments. Network pharmacology studies have shown that 263 targets were the main mechanisms by which GRb1 alleviates CTD-induced hepatotoxicity. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that 75 hub genes were mainly enriched in TNF, IL-17 and apoptosis signalling pathways. Molecular docking analysis showed that GRb1 exhibited high affinity with Akt1, Tnf, Il6, Bcl2 and Caspase3. In addition, results from animal studies demonstrated that GRb1 could ameliorate CTD-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting protein expression of Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Bcl-2/Bax, GRP78, ATF6, ATF4, CHOP, IRE1α and PERK. This research revealed the mechanism of GRb1 against CTD-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and it may provide a scientific rationale for the potential use of GRb1 in the treatment of hepatotoxicity induced by CTD.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Ginsenosídeos , Camundongos , Animais , Cantaridina/toxicidade , Endorribonucleases , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/uso terapêutico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171653, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485023

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) and perfluorinated compounds (PFAS) are widespread in the global ecosystem. MPs have the ability to adsorb organic contaminants such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), leading to combined effects. The current work aims to explore the individual and combined toxicological effects of polystyrene (PS) and PFOS on the growth and nerves of the freshwater planarian (Dugesia japonica). The results showed that PS particles could adsorb PFOS. PS and PFOS impeded the regeneration of decapitated planarians eyespots, whereas the combined treatment increased the locomotor speed of intact planarians. PS and PFOS caused significant DNA damage, while co-treatment with different PS concentrations aggravated and attenuated DNA damage, respectively. Further studies at the molecular level have shown that PS and PFOS affect the proliferation and differentiation of neoblasts in both intact and regenerating planarians, alter the expression levels of neuronal genes, and impede the development of the nervous system. PS and PFOS not only disrupted the homeostasis of intact planarians, but also inhibited the regeneration of decapitated planarians. This study is the first to assess the multiple toxicity of PS and PFOS to planarians after combined exposure. It provides a basis for the environmental and human health risks of MPs and PFAS.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Fluorocarbonos , Planárias , Animais , Humanos , Planárias/fisiologia , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Microplásticos/metabolismo , Plásticos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Homeostase , Fluorocarbonos/toxicidade , Fluorocarbonos/metabolismo
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(8): e37228, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394537

RESUMO

The implementation of a treat-to-target (T2T) approach has been widely recommended for achieving optimal outcomes in gout treatment, as substantiated by a wealth of compelling evidence. However, a paucity of knowledge exists regarding the barriers hindering effective T2T management in China. This study seeks to investigate the factors contributing to treatment failure within the context of the T2T strategy. A cross-sectional, multi-center investigation was conducted, involving the completion of electronic questionnaires by outpatients undergoing urate-lowering treatment for a duration exceeding 6 months. These questionnaires encompassed demographic information, disease-related conditions, comorbid conditions, and management. The study analyzed factors associated with serum uric acid levels exceeding 360 µmol/L, poor disease control, and poor medication adherence. A total of 425 valid questionnaires were collected, representing 90.8% of the patients. The T2T implementation rate was 26.82% (n = 114). Factors linked to serum uric acid levels surpassing 360 µmol/L included moderate medication adherence (odds ratio (OR) = 2.35; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-4.77; P = .016), poor medication adherence (OR = 4.63; 95% CI 2.28-9.51; P < .001), and management by general practitioners (OR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.37-0.97; P = .036). The rate of well-controlled patients was 14.35% (n = 61). Predictors of not well controlled encompassed the presence of tophi (OR = 2.48; 95% CI 1.17-5.61; P = .023), general medication adherence (OR = 2.78; 95% CI 1.28-6.05; P = .009), poor medication adherence (OR = 6.23; 95% CI 2.68-14.77; P < .001), and poor patient's perception of gout (OR = 4.07; 95% CI 1.41-13.91; P = .015). A poor medication adherence rate of 55.29% (n = 235) was observed, with lower rates of poor medication adherence associated with the use of febuxostat (OR = 0.35; 95% CI 0.14-0.83; P = .02), uric acid levels exceeding 360 µmol/L (OR = 3.05; 95% CI 1.84-5.12; P = .00), moderate patient education (OR = 2.28; 95% CI 1.29-4.15; P = .01), moderate diet control (OR = 1.98; 95% CI 1.17-3.41; P = .01), and poor diet control (OR = 3.73; 95% CI 1.26-12.83; P = .02). The rate of T2T implementation in China is notably low among patients undergoing urate-lowering treatment of gout beyond 6 months. Importantly, medication adherence demonstrates a significant association with T2T outcomes.


Assuntos
Gota , Ácido Úrico , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Supressores da Gota/uso terapêutico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação
9.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25059, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317920

RESUMO

Du-Zhi pill (DZP) is widely used as a Chinese medicine in treating cerebral ischemia. UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS techniques were used to detect and identify the metabolites in rat brain samples of normal and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model rats administered with DZP. It was tentatively found that 43 prototypes and 93 metabolites could be identified in rat brain samples. Normal and MCAO model rat brain samples contained 19 prototype components. Eight prototype components were only detected in normal rat brain samples, while 16 were found only in MCAO model rat brain samples. It was determined that 47 metabolites had been identified in the normal rats, while 86 had been placed in MCAO model rats. There were 40 common metabolites in both normal and MCAO model rat brain samples. Seven metabolites were only detected in normal rat brain samples, while 46 were found only in MCAO rat brain samples. The comparison of metabolites in brain samples of normal and MCAO rats showed apparent differences. It was discovered that glucuronidation, methylation, acetylation, and sulfation are phase II metabolic routes of DZP, while hydrogenation, hydroxylation, and dehydroxylation are phase I metabolic routes. Moreover, hydrogenation, glucuronidation, hydroxylation, and methylation were the main metabolic pathways because of the number of metabolites identified in these metabolic pathways. The results provide a valuable reference for further research into effective substances of DZP for treating cerebral ischemia.

10.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 31(5): 3086, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy combined with hepatic artery reconstruction in the operation for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor) is a challenging procedure. We present a video of left hepatectomy combined with right hepatic artery reconstruction for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PATIENT AND METHODS: The patient was a 60-year-old male who presented with obstructive jaundice. The imaging examination showed that the confluence of left and right hepatic ducts and the wall of common hepatic duct were thickened, the local lumen was narrowed, the intrahepatic bile duct was dilated, and the right hepatic artery was invaded by tumors nearly 2.3 centimeters. Left hepatectomy with total caudate lobectomy, resection with reconstruction of right hepatic artery, hilar lymphadenectomy, and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy were performed. RESULTS: The operation time was 345 min, and the amount of bleeding was about 400 ml. There was no blood transfusion. The pathology showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with negative margins of common bile duct and right hepatic duct, and negative results of all lymph nodes. The patient's recovery was uneventful and he was discharged on postoperative day 14. The patient was disease free at 12-month follow-up evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic artery resection and reconstruction procedure is safe and feasible for hilar cholangiocarcinoma in a highly tertiary hepatobiliary center.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Artéria Hepática/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia
11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4762-4770, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324552

RESUMO

Proton batteries are competitive due to their merits such as high safety, low cost, and fast kinetics. However, it is generally difficult for current studies of proton batteries to combine high capacity and high stability, while the research on proton storage mechanism and redox behavior is still in its infancy. Herein, the polyanionic layered copper oxalate is proposed as the anode for a high-capacity proton battery for the first time. The copper oxalate allows for reversible proton insertion/extraction through the layered space but also achieves high capacity through synchronous redox reactions of Cu2+ and C2O42-. During the discharge process, the bivalent Cu-ion is reduced, whereas the C═O of the oxalate group is partially converted to C-O. This synchronous behavior presents two units of charge transfer, enabling the embedding of two units of protons in the (110) crystal face. As a result, the copper oxalate anode demonstrates a high specific capacity of 226 mAh g-1 and maintains stable operation over 1000 cycles with a retention of 98%. This work offers new insights into the development of dual-redox electrode materials for high-capacity proton batteries.

12.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47453, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom during and after COVID-19 infection; however, few studies have described the cough profiles of COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of severe and persistent cough in individuals with COVID-19 during the latest wave of the Omicron variant in China. METHODS: In this nationwide cross-sectional study, we collected information of the characteristics of cough from individuals with infection of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant using an online questionnaire sent between December 31, 2022, and January 11, 2023. RESULTS: There were 11,718 (n=7978, 68.1% female) nonhospitalized responders, with a median age of 37 (IQR 30-47) years who responded at a median of 16 (IQR 12-20) days from infection onset to the time of the survey. Cough was the most common symptom, occurring in 91.7% of participants, followed by fever, fatigue, and nasal congestion (68.8%-87.4%). The median cough visual analog scale (VAS) score was 70 (IQR 50-80) mm. Being female (odds ratio [OR] 1.31, 95% CI 1.20-1.43), having a COVID-19 vaccination history (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.37-2.12), current smoking (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.41-0.58), chronic cough (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.69-2.45), coronary heart disease (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.17-2.52), asthma (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.46), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45) were independent factors for severe cough (VAS>70, 37.4%). Among all respondents, 35.0% indicated having a productive cough, which was associated with risk factors of being female (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.31-1.57), having asthma (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.52-2.22), chronic cough (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.19-1.74), and GERD (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.01-1.47). Persistent cough (>3 weeks) occurred in 13.0% of individuals, which was associated with the risk factors of having diabetes (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.30-3.85), asthma (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.11-2.62), and chronic cough (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.32-2.94). CONCLUSIONS: Cough is the most common symptom in nonhospitalized individuals with Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant infection. Being female, having asthma, chronic cough, GERD, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and a COVID-19 vaccination history emerged as independent factors associated with severe cough, productive cough, and persistent cough.


Assuntos
Asma , COVID-19 , Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Transversais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tosse/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Tosse Crônica , China/epidemiologia , Asma/complicações , Asma/epidemiologia
13.
Foods ; 13(2)2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254521

RESUMO

A popular non-alcoholic beverage worldwide, tea can regulate blood glucose levels, lipid levels, and blood pressure, and may even prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Different tea fermentation levels impact these effects. Tea products with different fermentation degrees containing different functional ingredients can lower post-meal blood glucose levels and may prevent T2DM. There are seven critical factors that shed light on how teas with different fermentation levels affect blood glucose regulation in humans. These factors include the inhibition of digestive enzymes, enhancement of cellular glucose uptake, suppression of gluconeogenesis-related enzymes, reduction in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) activity, modulation of gut flora, and the alleviation of inflammation associated with oxidative stress. Fermented teas can be used to lower post-meal blood glucose levels and can help consumers make more informed tea selections.

14.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 25(1): 10, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cantharidin (CTD), the main toxic component of Mylabris, has been extensively used for tumor treatment in recent years. CTD-induced liver toxicity has attracted significant interest in clinic. METHODS: In this study, biochemical parameters and liver pathological changes were analyzed after CTD was administered to mice by gavage. Subsequently, a lipidomic approach was used to investigate serum lipid metabolism disorders, and the mechanism underlying CTD-induced liver injury in mice was explored. RESULTS: The results showed that the levels of TC and LDL-C were significantly increased after CTD intervention. Besides, pathological results showed inflammatory cell infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis in the liver. Furthermore, lipidomics found that a total of 18 lipid metabolites were increased and 40 were decreased, including LPC(20:4), LPC(20:3), PC(22:6e/2:0), PE(14:0e/21:2), PC(18:2e/22:6), glycerophospholipids, CE(16:0), CE(18:0) Cholesterol esters and TAG(12:0/12:0/22:3), TAG(16:1/16:2/20:4), TAG(18:1/18:1/20:0), TAG(16:2/18:2/18:2), TAG(18:0/18:0/20:0), TAG(13:1/19:0/19:0) glycerolipids. Metabolic pathway analysis found that glycerophospholipid, glycerol ester and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored biosynthetic metabolic pathways were dysregulated and the increase in PE caused by glycophoric metabololism and GPI may be the source of lipid metabolism disorders caused by CTD. Overall, the present study provided new insights into the mechanism of CTD-induced liver injury and increased drug safety during clinical application.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Camundongos , Animais , Lipidômica , Cantaridina , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos
15.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 196(1): 32-49, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37097401

RESUMO

Quercetin is a kind of flavonol compound, which has been widely concerned because of its good pharmacological effects. However, its poor water solubility and poor oral absorption limit its application. To address the above problems, the optimal technological conditions for preparing quercetin-loaded chitosan sodium alginate nanoparticles (Q-CSNPs) were obtained through single-factor experiment method. Q-CSNPs were characterized by particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Biofilm experiment evaluated the antibacterial activity of five different concentrations of Q-CSNPs against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging experiments determined their antioxidant activity. The effect of Q-CSNPs labeled with FITC on the oxidative stress of planarian was determined. The results showed that quercetin was successfully encapsulated and had good antibacterial and antioxidant capacity in vitro. In vivo experiments of planarians also showed that Q-CSNPs could inhibit the oxidative stress induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and especially alleviate the decrease of CAT activity and the increase of MDA content in planarians induced by LPS. After being supported by future in vivo studies, this preparation will provide research possibilities for the development of quercetin nano-drugs, quercetin dietary supplement, and so on.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Planárias , Animais , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Nanopartículas/química , Biofilmes , Tamanho da Partícula
16.
J Asthma ; 61(4): 360-367, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37878325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: When selecting inhaled therapies, it is important to consider both the active molecules and the device. Extrafine formulation beclomethasone dipropionate plus formoterol fumarate (BDP/FF) has been available for some years delivered via pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI). More recently, a breath-activated, multi-dose dry-powder inhaler (DPI), the NEXThaler, has been approved. The current study aimed to demonstrate the non-inferiority of BDP/FF delivered via the DPI vs. via the pMDI, in Chinese adults with asthma. METHODS: After a four-week run-in period, when all patients received BDP/FF pMDI 100/6 µg, two inhalations twice daily (BID), patients were randomized equally to BDP/FF pMDI or DPI, both 100/6 µg, two inhalations BID for 12 weeks. The primary objective was to demonstrate non-inferiority of BDP/FF DPI vs. BDP/FF pMDI in terms of average pre-dose morning peak expiratory flow (PEF) over the entire treatment period. RESULTS: Of 252 and 242 patients in the DPI and pMDI groups, respectively, 88.5% and 88.8% completed the study. The primary objective was met, with no statistically significant difference between the treatments in average pre-dose morning PEF, and with the lower limit of the 95% CI above the -15 L/min non-inferiority margin (adjusted mean difference: 5.25 L/min [95% CI: -0.56, 11.06]). Adverse events were reported by 48.4% and 49.6% patients in the DPI and pMDI groups, respectively, most mild or moderate. CONCLUSIONS: The NEXThaler DPI is a similarly effective device to the pMDI for the administration of BDP/FF in adults, so extending the options available for the management of asthma.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Adulto , Humanos , Administração por Inalação , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Beclometasona/uso terapêutico , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Inaladores de Pó Seco , Fumarato de Formoterol/uso terapêutico , Inaladores Dosimetrados , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 257(Pt 2): 128820, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103671

RESUMO

Eucommia ulmoides seed essential oil (EUSO) is a natural plant oil rich in various nutrients, which has been widely used due to its unique medicinal effects. However, it is prone to oxidation and rancidity under many adverse environmental influences. Nanoencapsulation technology can protect and slow down the loss of its biological activity. In this study, chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) loaded with EUSO were prepared by emulsification and ionic gel technology. EUSO-CSNPs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results confirmed the success of EUSO encapsulation and the encapsulation rate ranged from 36.95 % to 67.80 %. Nanoparticle size analyzer, Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that CSNPs were spherical particles with a range of 200.6-276.0 nm. The results of in vitro release study indicated that the release of EUSO was phased, and EUSO-CSNPS had certain sustained-release properties. Furthermore, EUSO-CSNPs had higher antioxidant and antibacterial abilities than pure EUSO and chitosan, which was verified through free radical scavenging experiments and bacteria biofilm experiments, respectively. This technology can enhance the medicinal value of EUSO in biomedical and other fields, and will provide support for in vivo research of EUSO-CSNPs in the future.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Eucommiaceae , Nanopartículas , Óleos Voláteis , Óleos Voláteis/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Quitosana/química , Eucommiaceae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Sementes/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tamanho da Partícula
19.
Foods ; 12(24)2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38137290

RESUMO

China Xihu Longjing tea is famous for its good flavor and quality. However, information on its related metabolites, except for flavonoids, is largely deficient. Different processing methods for China Xihu Longjing tea fixing-by machines at both the first and second step (A1), first step by machine and second step by hand (A2), first step by hand and second step by machine (A3), and by hand at both the first and second step (A4)-were compared using a UHPLC-QE-MS-based metabolomics approach. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of the processed samples. A total of 490 metabolites (3 alkaloids, 3 anthracenes, 15 benzene and substituted derivatives, 2 benzopyrans, 13 coumarins and derivatives, 128 flavonoids, 4 furanoid lignans, 16 glycosides and derivatives, 5 indoles and derivatives, 18 isocoumarins and derivatives, 4 chalcones and dihydrochalcones, 4 naphthopyrans, 3 nucleosides, 78 organic acids and derivatives, 55 organooxygen compounds, 5 phenols, 109 prenol lipids, 3 saccharolipids, 3 steroids and steroid derivatives, and 17 tannins) were identified. The different metabolic profiles were distinguished using PCA and OPLS-DA. There were differences in the types and contents of the metabolites, especially flavonoids, furanoid lignans, glycosides and derivatives, organic acids and derivatives, and organooxygen compounds. There was a positive correlation between flavonoid metabolism and amino acid metabolism. However, there was a negative correlation between flavonoid metabolism and amino acid metabolism, which had the same trend as prenol lipid metabolism and tannins. This study provides new valuable information regarding differences in the metabolite profile of China Xihu Longjing tea processed based on machine fixing and on manual fixing methods.

20.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 20964, 2023 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38017306

RESUMO

Acetylation could improve the bioavailability of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG), but the relationship of substitution degree and antioxidant capacity of acetylated EGCG was unclear. The acetylated EGCG products were separated by preparation high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Two mono substituted acetylated EGCG, three substituted acetylated EGCG (T-AcE), eight substituted acetylated EGCG (E-AcE) and (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) were isolated. The 7-acetyl-EGCG (S7-ACEGCG) and 7-acetyl-EGCG (T-AcE) were identified for the first time. The antioxidant capacity, superoxide anion radical scavenging capacities, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacities of EGCG decreased significantly after acetylation modification. The more EGCG acetylation modification sites, the lower the total antioxidant capacity, superoxide anion radical scavenging capacities, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacities. The antioxidant capacity, superoxide anion radical scavenging capacities, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacities of 5-acetyl-EGCG (S5-ACE) were higher than 7-acetyl-EGCG (S7-AcE). Combining all the results in this and previous studies, acetylation modification is not conducive to the performance of EGCG antioxidant capacity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Catequina , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Superóxidos/química , Radical Hidroxila , Catequina/química
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