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1.
J Orthop Translat ; 38: 98-105, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381243

RESUMO

Background: Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3) is a member of a serine/threonine MAP3K family, and it has been demonstrated to play critical roles in various biological activities and disease progression. Previous studies showed that impaired skeletal mineralization and spontaneous tooth fracture in the MLK3-deficient mice, suggesting MLK3 actively participated in the bone formation. However, the detailed function and underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Methods: The MLK3 knockout (KO) mouse was applied in the present study, and multi-omics were performed to compare the metabolites and gene expression between wild type (WT) and KO mice. The bone fracture model was successfully established, and the healing process was evaluated by X-ray, micro-CT examination, histomorphometry and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. On the other hand, the effects of MLK3 on osteogenic differentiation were assessed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, Alizarin red S (ARS) staining and qRT-PCR examination. Finally, the downstream signaling pathways were screened out by RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and then validated by Western blotting. Results: In the present study, imbalanced bone metabolism was observed in these MLK3 KO mice, suggesting MLK3 may participate in bone development. Moreover, MLK3 -/- mice displayed abnormal bone tissues, impaired bone quality, and delayed fracture healing. Further investigation showed that the inhibition of MLK3 attenuated osteoblast differentiation in vitro. According to the RNA-seq data, MAPK signaling was screened out to be a downstream pathway, and its subfamily members extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 and Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) were subjected to Western blotting examination. The results revealed that although no differences in their expression were observed between MSCs derived from WT and KO mice, their phosphorylated protein levels were all suppressed in MLK3 -/- MSCs. Conclusion: In conclusion, our results demonstrated that loss of MLK3 suppressed osteoblast differentiation and delayed bone formation via influencing metabolism and disturbing MAPK signaling. The translational potential of this article: The findings based on the current study demonstrated that MLK3 promoted osteogenesis, stimulated new bone formation and facilitated fracture healing, suggesting that MLK3 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for bone regeneration. MLK3 activator therefore may be developed as a therapeutic strategy for bone fracture.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 152(1): 24-30, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712762

RESUMO

Local retroperitoneal recurrence (RPR) after radical nephrectomy (RN) is rare in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC); however, it is associated with poor prognosis and lacks standard treatment. Our study aimed to assess oncological outcomes and prognostic factors of patients that underwent targeted therapy for RPR after RN, and to evaluate the role of presurgical targeted therapy in this context. This was a retrospective multicenter study of 85 patients with RPR treated with targeted therapy for RPR after RN (July 2008-October 2020). Clinical and pathological characteristics were reported using descriptive statistics. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was examined using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up time was 50 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.3-66.7) after the RPR diagnosis. The median CSS was 96 months in the presurgical targeted therapy followed by surgical resection group and 42 months (95% CI: 28.8-55.2) in the targeted therapy alone group (P = .0011). In multivariate analysis, International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium classification intermediate/poor risk, number of recurrence lesions and surgical resection were independent predictors of CSS. Presurgical targeted therapy may increase the feasibility of tumor resection for RPR after RN. Patients who underwent surgical resection following presurgical targeted therapy had better CSS than those treated with targeted therapy alone.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/etiologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 125: 798-810, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375961

RESUMO

Although point and nonpoint sources contribute roughly equal nutrient loads to lakes, their relative role in supporting algae growth has not been clarified. In this research, we have established a quantitative relationship between algae-available phosphorus (P) and P chemical fractions in sediments; the latter indicates the relative contribution of point versus nonpoint sources. Surface sediments from three large shallow lakes in eastern China, namely, the Chaohu, Taihu and Hongzehu Lakes, were sampled to assess their algae-available P and chemically extracted P fractions. The algae-available P primarily comes from iron/aluminium (hydr)oxide-bound P (Fe/Al-bound P), 45% of which is algae-available P. The ratio of Fe/Al-bound P to calcium compound-bound P (Ca-bound P) indicated the relative contribution of point to nonpoint sources, with the point sources contributing the majority of increased Fe/Al-bound P in sediments. Therefore, the reduction of point sources from urbanized areas, rather than nonpoint sources from agricultural areas that primarily contribute to the Ca-bound P fraction, should be prioritized to alleviate cyanobacterial algal blooms (CyanoHABs) in shallow lakes with sediment P as a potential source to support algae growth. With these important results, we proposed a conceptual model for "P-pumping suction" from sediments to algae to aid in the development of the criteria for sediment P concentrations in shallow lakes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Fósforo/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Eutrofização , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128240, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332867

RESUMO

Pyrrhotite is a promising electron donor for autotrophic denitrification. Using pyrrhotite as the substrate in constructed wetlands (CWs) can enhance the nitrogen removal performance in carbon-limited wastewater treatment. However, the role of plants in pyrrhotite-integrated CW is under debate as the oxygen released from plant roots may destroy the anoxic condition for autotrophic denitrification. This study compared pyrrhotite-integrated CWs with and without plants and identified the effects of plants' presence in nitrogen removal, pyrrhotite oxidized dissolution, and microbial community. The results show that plants enhanced the TN removal significantly (from 41.6 ± 3.9 % to 97.1 ± 2.6 %). Plants can accelerate the PAD in CW through the strengthening of pyrrhotite dissolution. Enriched functional (Thiobacillus and Acidiferrobacter) and a more complex bacterial co-occurrence network has been found in CW with plants. This study identified the role of plants in PAD acceleration, providing an in-depth understanding of pyrrhotite in CW systems.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Áreas Alagadas , Desnitrificação , Processos Autotróficos , Plantas , Águas Residuárias , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1869(1): 166587, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349645

RESUMO

Poly zinc finger proteins (ZFP) that contain a KRAB (Krüppel-associated box) domain represent the largest class of transcription factors in higher organisms, but their roles in development and pathogenesis are largely undefined. ZFP14 (also known as ZNF531) contains thirteen zinc fingers and is highly conserved across species. Notably, we found that ZFP14 is frequently down-regulated in a multitude of human cancers, which correlates with poor prognosis of patients. Since ZFP14 has never been characterized, we generated a Zfp14-deficient mouse model to investigate the role of ZFP14 in development and pathogenesis. We showed that the mice deficient in Zfp14 had a short lifespan and were prone to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), hyperplasia in multiple organs, systemic chronic inflammation, liver steatosis, and pancreatitis. Additionally, several pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL18, and TNFα, were highly expressed in inflamed Zfp14-/- mice spleens, livers, kidneys and lungs. To determine the underlying mechanism, RNA-seq analysis was performed and showed that the loss of ZFP14 led to increased expression of inflammatory and tumor-promoting genes. Out of the various tumor-promoting genes upregulated by ZFP14 loss, the HOXA gene cluster, which is known to promote lymphomagenesis and conserved between mouse and human, is consistently induced by loss of ZFP14. Moreover, we showed that the HOXA gene expression was inversely correlated with that of ZFP14 in human cancer patients and higher HOXA1 expression was correlated with poor patient prognosis. Together, we postulate that ZFP14 suppresses lymphomagenesis and abnormal inflammatory response by maintaining proper expression of the HOXA gene cluster.


Assuntos
Genes Homeobox , Dedos de Zinco , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Dedos de Zinco/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Citocinas/genética , Família Multigênica
6.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The migratory brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), is the most destructive pest affecting rice plants in Asia and feeds exclusively on rice. Studies have investigated the olfactory response of BPHs to the major rice volatile compounds in rice. The insect olfactory co-receptor (Orco) is a crucial component of the olfactory system and is essential for odorant detection. Functional analysis of the Orco gene in BPHs would aid in the identification of their host preference. RESULTS: We identified the BPH Orco homologue (NlOrco) by Blast searching the BPH transcriptome with the Drosophila Orco gene sequence. Spatiotemporal analysis indicated that NlOrco is first expressed in the later egg stage, and is expressed mainly in the antennae in adult females. A NlOrco-knockout line (NlOrco-/- ) was generated through clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9-mediated mutagenesis. The NlOrco-/- mutants showed no response to rice volatile compounds and consequently no host-plant preference. In addition, NlOrco-/- mutants exhibited extended nymphal duration and impaired fecundity compared with wild-type BPHs. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that BPHs exhibit strong olfactory responses to major rice volatile compounds and suggest that NlOrco is required for the maximal fitness of BPHs. Our results may facilitate the identification of potential target genes or chemical compounds for BPH control applications. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1021804, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338679

RESUMO

Background: With the rapid development of minimally invasive techniques and instruments, more and more patients begin to accept minimally invasive surgery. Minimally invasive hepatectomy (MIH) has obvious advantages in terms of surgical incision, but there is still no strong evidence of its long-term survival effect. Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to compare long-term survival outcomes between MIH and Open hepatectomy (OH) in hepatocellular carcinoma based on high-quality case-control studies. Methods: The study on the comparison of MIH (including RH or LH) and OH in the treatment of HCC from the date of establishment to June 1, 2022 was searched through PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. The main results were long-term overall and disease-free survival and short-term postoperative effect; All studies were conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, and meta-analysis of random effect models was adopted. Results: 43 articles included 6673 patients. In these studies, the data from 44 studies need to be extracted and pooled in the meta-analysis. Our results showed that compared with OH group, OS (HR 1.17; 95%CI 1.02, 1.35; P=0.02) and DFS (HR 1.15; 95%CI 1.05, 1.26; P=0.002) in MIH group were slightly lower than those in OH group. The operation time (Z=2.14, P=0.03, MD8.01, 95% CI: 2.60-13.42) was longer than OH group. In terms of length of hospital stay (Z=10.76, p<0.00001, MD -4.0, 95% CI: -4.72 to -3.27), intraoperative blood loss (Z=5.33, P<0.00001, MD -108.33, 95% CI: -148.15 to -68.50), blood transfusion rate (Z=5.06, p<0.00001, OR=0.64, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.76, I2 = 0%), postoperative complications (Z=9.24, p<0.00001, OR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.55, I2 = 21%), major morbidity (Z=6.11, p<0.00001, OR=0.46, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.59,I2 = 0%), R0 resection (Z=2.34, P=0.02, OR=1.46, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.0, I2 = 0%) and mortality(Z=2.71,P=0.007, OR=0.56, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.85), the MIH group was significantly better than the OH group. The meta-analysis showed no significant difference in terms of major hepatectomy Z=0.47, P=0.64, OR=1.04, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.22, I2 = 0%), anatomical resection (Z=0.48, P=0.63, OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.67 to 1.27), satellite nodules (Z=0.54, P=0.59, OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.69 to 1.23, I2 = 0%), microvascular invasion (Z=1.15, P=0.25, OR=1.11, 95%CI 0.93 to 1.34, I2 = 0%) and recurrence (Z=0.71, p=0.48, OR=0.94, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.12, I2 = 19%). Conclusion: This study is the first to compare the clinical efficacy of MIH and OH in the treatment of HCC based on a high-quality propensity score matching study. The results show that in terms of long-term survival outcomes (OS and DFS), although the gap between MIH and OH is not obvious, OH was better than MIH on the whole. However, in terms of short-term postoperative outcomes (post-operation outcomes), MIH was slightly better than OH. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/, identifier CRD42022332556.

8.
ACS Omega ; 7(43): 38409-38416, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340144

RESUMO

In this work, we report a fast, portable, and economical microfluidic platform for the simultaneous detection of nucleic acid and proteins. Using SARS-CoV-2 as a target, this microfluidic chip enabled to simultaneously detect the SARS-CoV-2 RNA (N gene) antigen (or specific IgG antibody) with respective detection limits of 1 copy/µL for nucleic acid, 0.85 ng/mL for antigen, and 5.80 ng/mL for IgG within 30 min with high stability and anti-interference ability. The capability of this system in clinical applications was further evaluated using clinical samples, displaying 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity for COVID-19 diagnosis. These findings demonstrate the potential of this method to be used for the detection and subsequent control of pathogens.

9.
ACS Omega ; 7(43): 38902-38911, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340159

RESUMO

Red and near-infrared emission is a highly desirable feature for fluorescent nanoparticles in biological applications mainly due to longer wavelengths more easily being able to deeply penetrate tissues, organs, skin, and other organic components, while less autofluorescence interference would be produced. Additionally, graphene quantum dots (GQDs) that contain unique optical and electrical features have been targeted for their use in cell labeling applications as well as environmental analysis. Their most desirable features come in the form of low toxicity and biocompatibility; however, GQDs are frequently reported to have blue or green emission light and not the more advantageous red/NIR emission light. Furthermore, porphyrins are a subgroup of heterocyclic macrocycle organic compounds that are also naturally occurring pigments in nature that already contain the desired red-emission fluorescence. Therefore, porphyrins have been used previously to synthesize nanomaterials and for nanoparticle doping in order to incorporate the red/NIR emission light property into particles that otherwise do not contain the desired emission light. Meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphine (TCPP) is one type of porphyrin with a large conjugated π-electron system and four carboxyl groups on its exterior benzene rings. These two key characteristics of TCPP make it ideal for incorporation into GQDs, as it would design and synthesize red-emissive material as well as give rise to excellent water solubility. In this work, TCPP is used in tangent with cis-cyclobutane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid (CBDA-2), a biomass derived organic molecule, to synthesize "green" porphyrin-based graphene quantum dots (PGQDs) with red-emission. The obtained PGQDs were characterized by various analytical methods. Utilizing TEM, HRTEM, and DLS the size distribution of the particles was determined to be 7.9 ± 4.1, well within the quantum dot range of 2-10 nm. FT-IR, XPS, and XRD depicted carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen as the main elemental components with carbon being in the form of graphene and the main porphyrin ring of TCPP remaining present in the final PGQDs product. Lastly, absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy determined the excitation wavelength at 420 nm and the emission at 650 nm which was successfully utilized in the imaging of HeLa cells using confocal microscopy.

10.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; : 1-9, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclosporin A is a calcineurin inhibitor which has a narrow therapeutic window and high interindividual variability. Various population pharmacokinetic models have been reported; however, professional software and technical personnel were needed and the variables of the models were limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish a model based on machine learning to predict CsA trough concentrations in Chinese allo-HSCT patients. METHODS: A total of 7874 cases of CsA therapeutic drug monitoring data from 2069 allo-HSCT patients were retrospectively included. Sequential forward selection was used to select variable subsets, and eight different algorithms were applied to establish the prediction model. RESULTS: XGBoost exhibited the highest prediction ability. Except for the variables that were identified by previous studies, some rarely reported variables were found, such as norethindrone, WBC, PAB, and hCRP. The prediction accuracy within ±30% of the actual trough concentration was above 0.80, and the predictive ability of the models was demonstrated to be effective in external validation. CONCLUSION: In this study, models based on machine learning technology were established to predict CsA levels 3-4 days in advance during the early inpatient phase after HSCT. A new perspective for CsA clinical application is provided.

11.
Front Surg ; 9: 1030657, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386505

RESUMO

Objective: To determine whether the two lower extremities are of equal length after hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures, we developed a novel method of manual positioning based on anatomical mark (shoulder-to-shoulder) in hip arthroplasty. Methods: Patients with femoral neck fractures requiring hip arthroplasty from July 2020 to March 2022 in the orthopedic department of Jinjiang Municipal Hospital, Fujian Province, China were recruited. Hip arthroplasty was performed using the proposed "shoulder-to-shoulder" method of manual positioning based on anatomical mark in 52 patients with femoral neck fractures who met the inclusion criteria. "Shoulder-to-shoulder" was achieved by alignment of the marked femoral "shoulder" and the "shoulder" of prosthesis stem. There were 16 male and 36 female patients, with 27 undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 25 undergoing hip hemiarthroplasty (HA). The fractures were categorized according to the Garden classification: type II, type III, and type IV in 5, 11, and 36 patients, respectively. The vertical distance from the apex of the medial margin of the femoral trochanter to the tear drop line on both sides which was regarded as the length of both limbs were compared via postoperative imaging, and the apex-shoulder distance on the ipsilateral side measured via postoperative imaging was compared with those measured intraoperatively. Results: All patients completed the surgery successfully. The measurement results for the lower extremities after THA were as follows: contralateral group, 43.87 ± 5.59 mm; ipsilateral group, 44.64 ± 5.43 mm. The measurement results for the lower extremities after HA were as follows: contralateral group, 45.18 ± 7.82 mm; ipsilateral group, 45.16 ± 6.43 mm. The measurement results for the lower extremities after all arthroplasties were as follows: contralateral group, 44.50 ± 6.72 mm; ipsilateral group, 44.89 ± 5.90 mm. The results for the apex-shoulder distance were as follows: postoperative imaging, 19.44 ± 3.54 mm; intraoperative apex-shoulder distance, 27.28 ± 2.84 mm. Statistical analysis results indicated no statistically significant difference in the postoperative bilateral lower extremity length after hip arthroplasty (P = 0.75), while a statistically significant difference was found between the intraoperative and postoperative imaging measurements of the apex-shoulder distance (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The novel method of manual positioning based on anatomical mark (shoulder-to-shoulder) for femoral neck fractures in hip arthroplasty is simple and accurate, making it effective for preventing postoperative bilateral leg length discrepancy.

12.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11352, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387530

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of the establishment of a more efficient hormone-induced canine benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) model. Methods: This prospective pilot study included a total of 16 male beagle dogs who underwent dihydrotestosterone and ß-estradiol treatment after castration. They were randomly divided into three groups; eight beagles in group A with 1.0 ml hormone treatment, four beagles in group B with 0.8 ml hormone treatment, and four beagles in group C with 1.2 ml hormone treatment, each according to the table of random digit. The size of the prostate was measured using magnetic resonance imaging before and 4, 8, and 12 weeks after intramuscular injection of hormone drugs. Prostate size larger than 18 g was regarded as BPH in dogs. Results: Beagle dogs in all three groups were successfully modeled for BPH. The experimental group A (n = 8) was successfully modeled after 4 weeks of 1.0 ml hormone treatment, while the control group B (n = 4) was successfully modeled after 8 weeks of 0.8 ml hormone treatment, and the control group C (n = 4) was successfully modeled after 12 weeks of 1.2 ml hormone treatment. Conclusions: Appropriate dose of hormone can significantly shorten the time of successful establishment of canine BPH model, and an increase in hormone dosage can inhibit prostatic hyperplasia.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396584

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Local retroperitoneal recurrence (RPR) after racial nephrectomy (RN) of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains a therapeutic challenge and has a poor prognosis. We aimed to compare the oncological outcomes of patients with RPR treated with RPR surgery or targeted therapy alone and assess the prognostic factors of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective multi-center study of patients with RPR after prior RN treated with or without surgical treatment from 2008 to 2020. RPR of RCC is defined as an ipsilateral recurrence confined to the renal fossa, adrenal gland or retroperitoneal lymph nodes after prior nephrectomy, which was diagnosed by cross-sectional imaging. Clinical and pathological features, perioperative complications were reported using descriptive statistics. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier method and studied using Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Median follow-up period was 35 months (IQR 20-61) for the RPR surgery group and 23 months (IQR 9-40.5) for the targeted therapy group. No patients had distant metastatic disease at the time of RPR diagnosis. Treatment with RPR surgery resulted in significantly longer CSS than targeted therapy alone (P < .001). In multivariable analysis, high Fuhrman grade, size of RPR tumor, mixed type of RPR, multiple recurrence lesions and the absence of RPR surgery were associated with a significantly increased risk of death from RCC. CONCLUSION: Aggressive surgical resection of RPR after RN represents a potentially curative treatment for selected RCC patients without synchronous metastases, resulting in significantly longer CSS than targeted therapy alone.

14.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397123

RESUMO

Rice is an important food crop in the world and the study of its growth and plasticity has profound influence on sustainable development. Ethylene modulates multiple agronomic traits of rice as well as abiotic and biotic stresses during its lifecycle. It has diverse roles, depending on the organs, developmental stages and environmental conditions. Compared to Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), rice ethylene signaling pathway has its own unique features due to its special semiaquatic living environment and distinct plant structure. Ethylene signaling and responses are part of an intricate network in crosstalk with internal and external factors. This review will summarize the current progress about the mechanisms of ethylene-regulated coleoptile growth in rice, with a special focus on ethylene signaling and interaction with other hormones. Insights into these molecular mechanisms may shed light on the ethylene biology and should be beneficial for genetic improvement of rice and other crops. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 885107, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389227

RESUMO

Objective: Glial cells are involved in the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) in rats with chronic neurological pain. The objective of this study was to observe the role of neuronal-glial interaction and glutamate (Glu) transporters in EA-induced acute neck pain relief in rats. Materials and methods: Male rats were placed into the following five groups: control, model, EA Futu (LI18), EA Hegu (LI4)-Neiguan (PC6), and EA Zusanli (ST36)-Yanglingquan (GB34). The incisional neck pain model was established by making a longitudinal incision along the midline of the neck. The thermal pain threshold (TPT) was measured using a radiation heat detector. The immunoactivities of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1), neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R), Glu aspartate transporter (GLAST), and Glu transporter-1 (GLT-1) in the dorsal horns (DHs) of the cervico-spinal cord (C2-C5) were detected using immunofluorescence histochemistry. The expression levels of GFAP, Iba-1, GLAST, and GLT-1 mRNAs were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The TPT and levels of mRNAs expression and immunoactivity of GLT-1 and GLAST were significantly decreased, and those of Iba-1 and GFAP were significantly increased in the model group than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The activated microgliacytes were gathered around the NK-1R positive neurons, and co-expression of NK-1R and astrocytes was observed in the model group. EA LI18 significantly increased the TPT and expression of GLAST and GLT-1 mRNAs (P < 0.05) and notably decreased the number of Iba-1 positive cells and Iba-l mRNA expression (P < 0.05), whereas GLAST and GLT-1 antagonists inhibited the analgesic effect of EA LI18. However, these effects, except for the downregulation of Iba-1 mRNA, were not observed in the EA ST36-GB34 group. Fewer NK-1R-positive neurons were visible in the spinal DHs in the EA LI18 group, and the co-expression of NK-1R and astrocytes was also lower than that in the three EA groups. Conclusion: Electroacupuncture of LI18 had an analgesic effect in rats with neck incisions, which may be related to its functions in suppressing the neuronal-glial cell interaction through NK-1R and upregulating the expression of GLAST and GLT-1 in the spinal DHs.

16.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 36(11): 840-844;848, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347576

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the relationship between imaging characteristics and intraoperative perilymph gusher in patients with Mondini inner ear malformation in cochlear implantation, in order to provide basis and clinical guidance for predicting of intraoperative perilymph gusher before cochlear implantation. Methods:According to Sennaroglu's classification method, children with severe sensorineural hearing loss screened from January 2020 to December 2021 were divided into Mondini group, simple enlarged vestibular aqueduct group and normal inner ear group according to inclusion criteria strictly. The images of temporal bone HRCT and inner ear MRI were post-processed, some relative indicators were measured, including cochlear height and width of vestibular aqueduct, etc., and the gusher situation during cochlear implantation was recorded. The mean value of each indicator among the three groups were compared respectively, and the differences of each indicator between the gusher group and the non-gusher group were analyzed. Results:There were statistically significant differences in cochlear height, length of cochlear bottom turn, width of cochlear aperture, vestibular length and vestibular width among the Mondini group(24 cases), simple EVA group(15 cases) and normal inner ear group(28 cases). The incidence of gusher of Mondini group in cochlear implantation was 30.77%(8/26). The outer diameter of the VA([3.10±0.74]mm) and the middle width of the VA([1.90±0.68] mm) in the gusher group were wider than those in the non-gusher group, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence of intraoperative gusher in patients with EVA was 20.00%(3/15), and there was statistically significant difference in the length of endolymph sac between gusher group and non-gusher group(P<0.05). Conclusion:The causes of intraoperative perilymph gusher in patients with Mondini inner ear malformation are complex. The enlarged vestibular aqueduct may be one of the anatomical basis. Whether it can be used to guide the preoperative assessment of the risk of intraoperative perilymph gusher need to be further confirmed by a large sample of clinical research from multiple centers in the future.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Aqueduto Vestibular , Vestíbulo do Labirinto , Criança , Humanos , Perilinfa , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/cirurgia , Aqueduto Vestibular/anormalidades , Implante Coclear/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355239

RESUMO

Both academics and policymakers regard publicly planned logistics nodes (PPLN) as a potential measure to promote logistics agglomeration and mitigate environmental damage caused by logistics activities. However, such measure may lead to non-linear carbon emission effect from the perspective of agglomeration economy, and empirical evidences are yet to be found to verify this inference. This paper uses DID method and mediating effect models to explore the effects and mechanisms of PPLN on CO2 emissions with panel data from 2000 to 2017 in Chengdu, China. Our findings show that PPLN promotes the agglomeration of both small and large-scale logistics enterprises and increases carbon emissions. In addition, the agglomeration of large-scale logistics enterprises can reduce carbon emissions; the opposite is true for smaller ones. Despite the continuous diminishing of the carbon emission increase, the emission-reduction effect has not been achieved through PPLN operations. Based on the results, the study recommends that the government should appropriately determine the location and scale of PPLN, advocate green construction and industrial upgrading, and adopt differentiated regulatory and incentive measures for enterprises. Logistics enterprises can increase their investment in green technologies and strengthen cooperation with their customers.

18.
J Exp Bot ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402548

RESUMO

Seed dormancy accumulation and release is a finely regulated genetic program controlled by various environmental and developmental cues that are critical for plant survival and expansion. Light plays a key role in seed dormancy and germination, whereas the molecular mechanism underlying how light controls dormancy level is unclear. In the present study, WOX11 was identified as a hub transcription factor during the seed dormancy induction and release stages by high-resolution temporal RNA-Seq in Arabidopsis. This gene may have evolved from gymnosperms and expanded in angiosperms with highly conserved expression patterns in seeds. WOX11 and its homolog WOX12 were highly expressed from 2 days after pollination, and mRNA abundance was highly increased in the seed dormancy induction and release stages. We further demonstrated that WOX11 plays a role in the regulation of seed dormancy downstream of PHYB-mediated red light signaling during the seed dormancy accumulation stage, which indicates that WOX11/12 are newly identified components of red light signaling transduction and have roles in seed dormancy regulation. Altogether, our results suggested that WOX11/12-mediated PHYB signaling regulates seed dormancy in Arabidopsis, providing insight into the developmental regulation and evolutionary adaptation of plants to light environment changes.

19.
Clin Chim Acta ; 537: 173-180, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332669

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Novel biomarkers for LC detection are urgently needed. Here we aimed to investigate the association between RPTOR methylation in peripheral blood and LC. METHODS: The methylation levels were measured by mass spectrometry in two independent case-control studies (159 LC cases vs. 188 controls in Study I, 413 LC cases vs. 687 controls in Study II). Logistic regression and Bonferroni correction were conducted to analyze the association. RESULTS: RPTOR hypomethylation was discovered in Study I and validated in Study II. Combining the two studies, RPTOR_CpG_2 and RPTOR_CpG_8 showed significantly lower methylation levels in stage I cases (ORs per -10% methylation = 1.22 and 1.27, respectively, both P-values < 0.005). The significance kept between RPTOR_CpG_8 and LC cases with tumor length ≤ 1 cm (OR per -10% methylation = 1.39, P = 0.001). Moreover, methylation levels of all CpG sites were lower in cases at stage II & III than in those at stage I (all P-values less than 0.017). CONCLUSION: Our study disclosed the association between RPTOR hypomethylation in peripheral blood and LC even in very early stage, suggesting the feasibility of blood-based DNA methylation for LC early detection.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Modelos Logísticos , Ilhas de CpG , Proteína Regulatória Associada a mTOR/genética
20.
Curr Opin Chem Biol ; 71: 102224, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347198

RESUMO

Precise spatiotemporal organization and regulation of signal transduction networks are essential for cellular response to internal and external cues. To understand how this biochemical activity architecture impacts cellular function, many genetically encodable tools which regulate kinase activity at a subcellular level have been developed. In this review, we highlight various types of genetically encodable molecular tools, including tools to regulate endogenous kinase activity and biorthogonal techniques to perturb kinase activity. Finally, we emphasize the use of these tools alongside biosensors for kinase activity to measure and perturb kinase activity in real time for a better understanding of the cellular biochemical activity architecture.

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