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1.
J Control Release ; 370: 501-515, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703950

RESUMO

Although nanomaterial-based nanomedicine provides many powerful tools to treat cancer, most focus on the "immunosilent" apoptosis process. In contrast, ferroptosis and immunogenic cell death, two non-apoptotic forms of programmed cell death (PCD), have been shown to enhance or alter the activity of the immune system. Therefore, there is a need to design and develop nanoplatforms that can induce multiple modes of cell death other than apoptosis to stimulate antitumor immunity and remodel the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment for cancer therapy. In this study, a new type of multifunctional nanocomposite mainly consisting of HMME, Fe3+ and Tannic acid, denoted HFT NPs, was designed and synthesized to induce multiple modes of cell death and prime the tumor microenvironment (TME). The HFT NPs consolidate two functions into one nano-system: HMME as a sonosensitizer for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) 1O2 upon ultrasound irradiation, and Fe3+ as a GSH scavenger for the induction of ferroptosis and the production of ROS ·OH through inorganic catalytic reactions. The administration of HFT NPs and subsequent ultrasound treatment caused cell death through the consumption of GSH, the generation of ROS, ultimately inducing apoptosis, ferroptosis, and immunogenic cell death (ICD). More importantly, the combination of HFT NPs and ultrasound irradiation could reshape the TME and recruit more T cell infiltration, and its combination with immune checkpoint blockade anti-PD-1 antibody could eradicate tumors with low immunogenicity and a cold TME. This new nano-system integrates sonodynamic and chemodynamic properties to achieve outstanding therapeutic outcomes when combined with immunotherapy. Collectively, this study demonstrates that it is possible to potentiate cancer immunotherapy through the rational and innovative design of relatively simple materials.

2.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1267, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bayesian network (BN) models were developed to explore the specific relationships between influencing factors and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), coronary heart disease (CAD), and their comorbidities. The aim was to predict disease occurrence and diagnose etiology using these models, thereby informing the development of effective prevention and control strategies for T2DM, CAD, and their comorbidities. METHOD: Employing a case-control design, the study compared individuals with T2DM, CAD, and their comorbidities (case group) with healthy counterparts (control group). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify disease-influencing factors. The BN structure was learned using the Tabu search algorithm, with parameter estimation achieved through maximum likelihood estimation. The predictive performance of the BN model was assessed using the confusion matrix, and Netica software was utilized for visual prediction and diagnosis. RESULT: The study involved 3,824 participants, including 1,175 controls, 1,163 T2DM cases, 982 CAD cases, and 504 comorbidity cases. The BN model unveiled factors directly and indirectly impacting T2DM, such as age, region, education level, and family history (FH). Variables like exercise, LDL-C, TC, fruit, and sweet food intake exhibited direct effects, while smoking, alcohol consumption, occupation, heart rate, HDL-C, meat, and staple food intake had indirect effects. Similarly, for CAD, factors with direct and indirect effects included age, smoking, SBP, exercise, meat, and fruit intake, while sleeping time and heart rate showed direct effects. Regarding T2DM and CAD comorbidities, age, FBG, SBP, fruit, and sweet intake demonstrated both direct and indirect effects, whereas exercise and HDL-C exhibited direct effects, and region, education level, DBP, and TC showed indirect effects. CONCLUSION: The BN model constructed using the Tabu search algorithm showcased robust predictive performance, reliability, and applicability in forecasting disease probabilities for T2DM, CAD, and their comorbidities. These findings offer valuable insights for enhancing prevention and control strategies and exploring the application of BN in predicting and diagnosing chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Comorbidade , Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Masculino , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Idoso , Adulto , Fatores de Risco
3.
Adv Mater ; : e2309205, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733334

RESUMO

Visible light-driven photocatalytic oxidation by photogenerated holes has immense potential for environmental remediation applications. While the electron-mediated photoreduction reactions are often at the spotlight, active holes possess a remarkable oxidation capacity that can degrade recalcitrant organic pollutants, resulting in non-toxic byproducts. However, the random charge transfer and rapid recombination of electron-hole pairs hinder the accumulation of long-lived holes at the reaction center. Herein, we report a novel method employing defect-engineered indium (In) single atom photocatalysts, dispersed in carbon nitride foam (In-Nv-CNF), to overcome these challenges and make further advances in photocatalysis. This Nv (nitrogen vacancy) defect-engineered strategy produces a remarkable extension in the lifetime of photogenerated holes and an increase in the concentration of photogenerated holes in In-Nv-CNF. Consequently, the optimized In-Nv-CNF demonstrates a remarkable 50-fold increase in photo-oxidative degradation rate compared to pristine CN, effectively breaking down two widely used antibiotics (tetracycline and ciprofloxacin) under visible light. The contaminated water treated by In-Nv-CNF has proven to be completely non-toxic based on the growth of E. coli before and after treatment. Structural-performance correlations between Nv defect engineering and long-lived hole accumulation in In-Nv-CNF are established and validated through experimental and theoretical agreement. This work has the potential to elevate the efficiency of overall photocatalytic reactions from a hole-centric standpoint. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Metabolism ; : 155933, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729601

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: cGAS (cyclic GMP-AMP synthase) has been implicated in various cellular processes, but its role in ß-cell proliferation and diabetes is not fully understood. This study investigates the impact of cGAS on ß-cell proliferation, particularly in the context of diabetes. METHODS: Utilizing mouse models, including cGAS and STING (stimulator of interferon genes) knockout mice, we explored the role of cGAS in ß-cell function. This involved ß-cell-specific cGAS knockout (cGASßKO) mice, created by breeding cGAS floxed mice with transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase under the insulin II promoter. We analyzed cGAS expression in diabetic mouse models, evaluated the effects of cGAS deficiency on glucose tolerance, and investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects through RNA sequencing. RESULTS: cGAS expression is upregulated in the islets of diabetic mice and by high glucose treatment in MIN6 cells. Both global cGAS deficiency and ß-cell-specific cGAS knockout mice lead to improved glucose tolerance by promoting ß-cell mass. Interestingly, STING knockout did not affect pancreatic ß-cell mass, suggesting a STING-independent mechanism for cGAS's role in ß-cells. Further analyses revealed that cGAS- but not STING-deficiency leads to reduced expression of CEBPß, a known suppressor of ß-cell proliferation, concurrently with increased ß-cell proliferation. Moreover, overexpression of CEBPß reverses the upregulation of Cyclin D1 and D2 induced by cGAS deficiency, thereby regulating ß-cell proliferation. These results confirm that cGAS regulation of ß-cell proliferation via a CEBPß-dependent but STING-independent mechanism. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our findings highlight the pivotal role of cGAS in promoting ß-cell proliferation and maintaining glucose homeostasis, potentially by regulating CEBPß expression in a STING-independent manner. This study uncovers the significance of cGAS in controlling ß-cell mass and identifies a potential therapeutic target for enhancing ß-cell proliferation in the treatment of diabetes.

5.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 72, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant mitochondrial fission, a critical pathological event underlying myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury, has emerged as a potential therapeutic target. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Oip5-as1 is increasingly recognized for its regulatory roles, particularly in MI/R injury. However, its precise mechanistic role in modulating mitochondrial dynamics remains elusive. This study aims to elucidate the mechanistic role of Oip5-as1 in regulating mitochondrial fission and evaluate its therapeutic potential against MI/R injury. METHODS: To simulate in vitro MI/R injury, HL-1 cardiomyocytes were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). Lentiviral vectors were employed to achieve overexpression or knockdown of Oip5-as1 in HL-1 cells by expressing Oip5-as1 or shRNA targeting Oip5-as1, respectively. The impact of Oip5-as1 on mitochondrial dynamics in HL-1 cells was assessed using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence staining, and biochemical assays. MI/R injury was induced in mice by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Conditional knockout mice for Oip5-as1 were generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology, while overexpression of Oip5-as1 in mice was achieved via intramyocardial administration of AAV9 vectors. In mice, the role of Oip5-as1 was evaluated through echocardiographic assessment, histopathological staining, and transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, Western blotting, RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, and co-immunoprecipitation assays were conducted to investigate Oip5-as1's underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: The expression levels of Oip5-as1 are significantly decreased in MI/R-injured HL-1 cells and myocardium. In HL-1 cells undergoing H/R injury, overexpression of Oip5-as1 attenuated excessive mitochondrial fission, preserved mitochondrial functionality, and reduced cellular apoptosis, while knockdown of Oip5-as1 exhibited the opposite effects. Furthermore, in a mouse model of MI/R injury, overexpression of Oip5-as1 diminished mitochondrial fission, myocardial infarct size and improved cardiac function. However, knockout of Oip5-as1 exacerbated myocardial injury and cardiac dysfunction, which were significantly reversed by treatment with a mitochondrial division inhibitor-1 (Mdivi-1). Mechanistically, Oip5-as1 selectively interacts with AKAP1 and CaN proteins, inhibiting CaN activation and subsequent DRP1 dephosphorylation at Ser637, thereby constraining DRP1's translocation to the mitochondria and its involvement in mitochondrial fission. CONCLUSIONS: Our study underscores the pivotal role of Oip5-as1 in mitigating excessive mitochondrial fission during MI/R injury. The findings not only enhance our comprehension of the molecular mechanisms underlying MI/R injury but also identify Oip5-as1 as a potential therapeutic target for ameliorating MI/R injury.


Assuntos
Dinaminas , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Miócitos Cardíacos , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Dinaminas/metabolismo , Dinaminas/genética , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos Knockout , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
6.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 90: 102577, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the multiple mediating roles of illness acceptance and symptom severity between health locus of control and symptom distress in acute leukemia patients. METHODS: From June 2022 to March 2023, a convenience sampling method was used to recruit 208 acute leukemia patients in the inpatient center of a hospital in Hebei. The Chinese versions of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, Illness Acceptance Scale, and Anderson Symptom Assessment Scale was used in the cross-sectional study. RESULTS: All participants reported the presence of symptom distress. Symptom distress was significantly correlated with chance health locus of control, illness acceptance, and symptom severity (P<0.05). Illness acceptance alone played a mediating role in the relationship between chance health locus of control and symptom distress in acute leukemia patients (ß=0.087, 95%CI 0.030-0.167). The indirect role of chance health locus of control on symptom distress through symptom severity alone was also statistically significant (ß=0.131, 95%CI 0.008-0.252). Furthermore, the multiple mediating role of chance health locus of control and symptom distress through illness acceptance and symptom severity combined was verified (ß=0.027, 95%CI 0.001-0.089). The alternative model is also valid, indicating bidirectional relationships between symptom severity, illness acceptance, and chance health locus of control, collectively influencing symptom distress. CONCLUSION: There is a positive relationship between chance health locus of control and symptom distress; additionally, increasing social psychological interventions for illness acceptance and strengthening the management of core symptoms will help alleviate the impact of health chance locus of control on symptom distress in acute leukemia patients. Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm the causal relationships among the variables explored within the model. IMPACT ON NURSING PRACTICE: It is recommended that healthcare professionals pay attention to the assessment of health locus of control in patients, identify patients with health chance locus of control in a timely manner, take measures to enhance their disease acceptance, and strengthen the management of core symptoms, thereby reducing their level of symptom distress.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743801

RESUMO

The application of composite solid electrolytes (CSEs) in solid-state lithium-metal batteries is limited by the unsatisfactory ionic conductivity underpinned by the low concentration of free lithium ions. Herein, we propose an interface design strategy where an amine silane linker is employed as a coupling agent to graft the Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) ceramic nanofibers to the poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) polymer matrix to enhance their interaction. The hydrogen bonding between amino-functionalized LLZO (NH2@LLZO) and PVDF-HFP not only effectively induces a uniform incorporation of high-content nanofibers (50 wt %) into the polymer matrix but also furnishes sufficient continuous surfaces to weaken the complexation between PVDF-HFP and Li-ion carriers. Additionally, introduction of the hydrogen bond and Lewis acid-base interplay strengthens the interfacial interactions between NH2@LLZO and lithium salts that release more free lithium ions for efficient interfacial transport. The impact of the linker's structure on the dissociation capacity of lithium salts is systematically studied from the steric effect perspective, which affords insights into interface design. Conclusively, the composite solid electrolyte achieves a high ionic conductivity (5.8 × 10-4 S cm-1) by synergy of multiple transport channels at ceramic, polymer, and their interface, which effectively regulates the lithium deposition behavior in symmetric cells. The excellent compatibility of the electrolyte with both LiFePO4 and LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathodes also results in a long lifetime and a high rate capability for full cells.

9.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 24(1): 61, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715016

RESUMO

Hypopituitarism is a relatively rare complication of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. However, almost all available reported cases were total anterior pituitary hypofunction, isolated growth-hormone deficiency, or isolated gonadotropin deficiency. Here, we firstly describe a patient with partial hypopituitarism with ACTH deficiency as the main manifestation as a complication of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.


Assuntos
Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal , Hipopituitarismo , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/diagnóstico , Hipopituitarismo/complicações , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/complicações , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/diagnóstico , Masculino , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/deficiência , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue , Adulto , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Adrenal
10.
J Nucl Med ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724276

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: In total, 49 patients with biopsy-proven PCa were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT, and the scoring system of the PRIMARY trial was used for PET image analysis. The dosimetry evaluation of [18F]AlF-thretide was performed on 3 patients. Pathologic examination was used as the reference standard to evaluate the location, number, size, and Gleason score of tumors, for comparison with the [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT results. PSMA expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Results: All patients tolerated the [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT well. The total effective dose of [18F]AlF-thretide was 1.16E-02 mSv/MBq. For patient-based analysis of intraprostatic tumors, 46 of 49 (93.9%) patients showed pathologic uptake on [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT. For lesion-based analysis of intraprostatic tumors, the sensitivity and positive predictive value for [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT were 58.2% and 90.5%, respectively. Delayed images can detect more lesions than standard images (n = 57 vs. 49, P = 0.005), and the SUVmax and tumor-to-background ratio of the former were higher than those of the latter (SUVmax: 14.5 ± 16.7 vs. 11.4 ± 13.6, P < 0.001; tumor-to-background ratio: 37.1 ± 42.3 vs. 23.1 ± 27.4, P < 0.001). The receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve for PRIMARY score-predicted true-positive and false-positive lesions were significantly higher than those for the SUVmax of standard images (P = 0.015) and seemed higher than those for the SUVmax of delayed images (P = 0.257). [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT showed a higher detection rate than multiparametric MRI for all intraprostatic foci (53.5% vs. 40.8%, P = 0.012) and clinically significant PCa (75.0% vs. 61.4%, P = 0.031). Conclusion: [18F]AlF-thretide PET/CT showed high diagnostic value for patients with primary PCa and can be used as an excellent imaging modality for preoperative evaluation of PCa patients.

12.
Adv Mater ; : e2404576, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696266

RESUMO

Although evidence indicates that the abnormal accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) in dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra is the main pathological feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), no compounds that have both α-syn antiaggregation and α-syn degradation functions have been successful in treating the disease in the clinic. Here, it is shown that black phosphorus nanosheets (BPNSs) interact directly with α-syn fibrils to trigger their disaggregation for PD treatment. Moreover, BPNSs have a specific affinity for α-syn through van der Waals forces. And BPNSs are found to activate autophagy to maintain α-syn homeostasis, improve mitochondrial dysfunction, reduce reactive oxygen species levels, and rescue neuronal death and synaptic loss in PC12 cells. It is also observed that BPNSs penetrate the blood-brain barrier and protect against dopamine neuron loss, alleviating behavioral disorders in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induced mouse model and hA53T α-syn transgenic mice. Together, the study reveals that BPNSs have the potential as a novel integrated nanomedicine for clinical diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases.

13.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e29275, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699747

RESUMO

Background: The clinical significance of immune-related antigen CD58 in gliomas remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical importance and possible core related genes of CD58 in gliomas. Methods: Pan-cancer analysis was to observe the association between CD58 and different tumors, glioma RNA sequencing data and clinical sample analyses were used to observe the relationship between CD58 and glioma, shRNA interference models were to observe the impact of CD58 on glioma cell function, and four glioma datasets and two online analysis platforms were used to explore the core related genes affecting the correlation between CD58 and glioma. Results: High CD58 expression was associated with worse prognosis in various tumors and higher malignancy in glioma. Down regulation of CD58 expression was linked to decreased proliferation, increased apoptosis, and reduced metastasis in glioma cells. The pathways involved in CD58-related effects were enriched for immune cell adhesion and immune factor activation, and the core genes were CASP1, CCL2, IL18, MYD88, PTPRC, and TLR2. The signature of CD58 and its core-related genes showed superior predictive power for glioma prognosis. Conclusion: High CD58 expression is correlated with more malignant glioma types, and also an independent risk factor for mortality in glioma. CD58 and its core-related genes may serve as novel biomarkers for diagnosing and treating glioma.

14.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704286

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the capability of machine learning algorithms in utilizing radiomic features extracted from cine-cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) sequences for differentiating between ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 115 cardiomyopathy patients subdivided into ICM (n = 64) and DCM cohorts (n = 51). We collected invasive clinical (IC), noninvasive clinical (NIC), and combined clinical (CC) feature subsets. Radiomic features were extracted from regions of interest (ROIs) in the left ventricle (LV), LV cavity (LVC), and myocardium (MYO). We tested 10 classical machine learning classifiers and validated them through fivefold cross-validation. We compared the efficacy of clinical feature-based models and radiomics-based models to identify the superior diagnostic approach. RESULTS: In the validation set, the Gaussian naive Bayes (GNB) model outperformed the other models in all categories, with areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.879 for IC_GNB, 0.906 for NIC_GNB, and 0.906 for CC_GNB. Among the radiomics models, the MYO_LASSOCV_MLP model demonstrated the highest AUC (0.919). In the test set, the MYO_RFECV_GNB radiomics model achieved the highest AUC (0.857), surpassing the performance of the three clinical feature models (IC_GNB: 0.732; NIC_GNB: 0.75; CC_GNB: 0.786). CONCLUSION: Radiomics models leveraging MYO images from cine-CMR exhibit promising potential for differentiating ICM from DCM, indicating the significant clinical application scope of such models. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The integration of radiomics models and machine learning methods utilizing cine-CMR sequences enhances the diagnostic capability to distinguish between ICM and DCM, minimizes examination risks for patients, and potentially reduces the duration of medical imaging procedures.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1254467, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695016

RESUMO

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy complication defined by new onset hypertension and proteinuria or other maternal organ damage after 20 weeks of gestation. Although non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) has been widely used to detect fetal chromosomal abnormalities during pregnancy, its performance in combination with maternal risk factors to screen for PE has not been extensively validated. Our aim was to develop and validate classifiers that predict early- or late-onset PE using the maternal plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) profile and clinical risk factors. Methods: We retrospectively collected and analyzed NIPT data of 2,727 pregnant women aged 24-45 years from four hospitals in China, which had previously been used to screen for fetal aneuploidy at 12 + 0 ~ 22 + 6 weeks of gestation. According to the diagnostic criteria for PE and the time of diagnosis (34 weeks of gestation), a total of 143 early-, 580 late-onset PE samples and 2,004 healthy controls were included. The wilcoxon rank sum test was used to identify the cfDNA profile for PE prediction. The Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare categorical and continuous variables of clinical risk factors between PE samples and healthy controls, respectively. Machine learning methods were performed to develop and validate PE classifiers based on the cfDNA profile and clinical risk factors. Results: By using NIPT data to analyze cfDNA coverages in promoter regions, we found the cfDNA profile, which was differential cfDNA coverages in gene promoter regions between PE and healthy controls, could be used to predict early- and late-onset PE. Maternal age, body mass index, parity, past medical histories and method of conception were significantly differential between PE and healthy pregnant women. With a false positive rate of 10%, the classifiers based on the combination of the cfDNA profile and clinical risk factors predicted early- and late-onset PE in four datasets with an average accuracy of 89 and 80% and an average sensitivity of 63 and 48%, respectively. Conclusion: Incorporating cfDNA profiles in classifiers might reduce performance variations in PE models based only on clinical risk factors, potentially expanding the application of NIPT in PE screening in the future.

16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(8): 7387-7404, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663933

RESUMO

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number and telomere length (TL) are dynamic factors that have been linked to the aging process in organisms. However, the causal relationship between these variables remains uncertain. In this research, instrumental variables (IVs) related to mtDNA copy number and TL were obtained from publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Through bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis, we examined the potential causal relationship between these factors. The forward analysis, with mtDNA copy number as the exposure and TL as the outcome, did not reveal a significant effect (B=-0.004, P>0.05). On the contrary, upon conducting a reverse analysis, it was found that there exists a positive causal relationship (B=0.054, P<0.05). Sensitivity analyses further confirmed the reliability of these results. The outcomes of this study indicate a one-way positive causal relationship, indicating that telomere shortening in the aging process may lead to a decrease in mtDNA copy number, providing new perspectives on their biological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , DNA Mitocondrial , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Telômero , Humanos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Envelhecimento/genética , Telômero/genética , Biomarcadores , Homeostase do Telômero/genética , Encurtamento do Telômero/genética
17.
Theranostics ; 14(6): 2345-2366, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646645

RESUMO

Rationale: Primordial follicles are limited in number and cannot be regenerated, dormant primordial follicles cannot be reversed once they enter a growth state. Therefore, the length of the female reproductive lifespan depends on the orderly progression and selective activation of primordial follicles, the mechanism of which remains unclear. Methods: We used human ovarian cortical biopsy specimens, granulosa cells from diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) patients, Hdac6-overexpressing transgenic mouse model, and RNA sequencing to analyze the crucial roles of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) in fertility preservation and primordial follicle activation. Results: In the present study, we found that HDAC6 was highly expressed in most dormant primordial follicles. The HDAC6 expression was reduced accompanying reproductive senescence in human and mouse ovaries. Overexpression of Hdac6 delayed the rate of primordial follicle activation, thereby prolonging the mouse reproductive lifespan. Short-term inhibition of HDAC6 promoted primordial follicle activation and follicular development in humans and mice. Mechanism studies revealed that HDAC6 directly interacted with NGF, reducing acetylation modification of NGF and thereby accelerating its ubiquitination degradation. Consequently, the reduced NGF protein level maintained the dormancy of primordial follicles. Conclusions: The physiological significance of the high expression of HDAC6 in most primordial follicles is to reduce NGF expression and prevent primordial follicle activation to maintain female fertility. Reduced HDAC6 expression increases NGF expression in primordial follicles, activating their development and contributing to reproduction. Our study provides a clinical reference value for fertility preservation.


Assuntos
Desacetilase 6 de Histona , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fator de Crescimento Neural , Folículo Ovariano , Ubiquitinação , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Acetilação , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/metabolismo , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/genética , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo
18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3343, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637580

RESUMO

Pathogenic gut microbiota is responsible for a few debilitating gastrointestinal diseases. While the host immune cells do produce extracellular vesicles to counteract some deleterious effects of the microbiota, the extracellular vesicles are of insufficient doses and at unreliable exposure times. Here we use mechanical stimulation of hydrogel-embedded macrophage in a bioelectronic controller that on demand boost production of up to 20 times of therapeutic extracellular vesicles to ameliorate the microbes' deleterious effects in vivo. Our miniaturized wireless bioelectronic system termed inducible mechanical activation for in-situ and sustainable generating extracellular vesicles (iMASSAGE), leverages on wireless electronics and responsive hydrogel to impose mechanical forces on macrophages to produce extracellular vesicles that rectify gut microbiome dysbiosis and ameliorate colitis. This in vivo controllable extracellular vesicles-produced system holds promise as platform to treat various other diseases.


Assuntos
Colite , Vesículas Extracelulares , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Humanos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Disbiose
19.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 16(1): 82, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that early intervention was the best plan to inhibit the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which relied on the discovery of early diagnostic biomarkers. In this study, synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2 A (SV2A) was examined to improve the early diagnostic efficiency in AD. METHODS: In this study, biomarker testing was performed through the single-molecule array (Simoa). A total of 121 subjects including cognitively unimpaired controls, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), AD and other types of dementia underwent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) SV2A testing; 430 subjects including health controls, aMCI, AD and other types of dementia underwent serum SV2A, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neurofilament light chain (NfL) and p-tau217 testing; 92 subjects including aMCI and AD underwent both CSF SV2A and serum SV2A testing; 115 cognitively unimpaired subjects including APOE ε4 carriers and APOE ε4 non-carriers were tested for serum SV2A, GFAP, NfL and p-tau217. Then, the efficacy of SV2A for the early diagnosis of AD and its ability to identify those at high risk of AD from a cognitively unimpaired population were further analyzed. RESULTS: Both CSF and serum SV2A significantly and positively correlated with cognitive performance in patients with AD, and their levels gradually decreased with the progression of AD. Serum SV2A demonstrated excellent diagnostic efficacy for aMCI, with a sensitivity of 97.8%, which was significantly higher than those of NfL, GFAP, and p-tau217. The SV2A-positive rates ranged from 92.86 to 100% in aMCI cases that were negative for the above three biomarkers. Importantly, of all the biomarkers tested, serum SV2A had the highest positivity rate (81.82%) in individuals at risk for AD. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SV2A was demonstrated to be a novel and ideal biomarker for the early diagnosis of AD, which can effectively distinguish those at high risk of AD in cognitively unimpaired populations.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Apolipoproteína E4 , Biomarcadores , Diagnóstico Precoce , Glicoproteínas , Vesículas Sinápticas/química , Vesículas Sinápticas/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/química
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300835, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous observational studies have demonstrated a connection between the risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and gastrointestinal problems brought on by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. However, little is understood about how these factors impact on T2DM. METHOD: This study used data from the GWAS database on H. pylori antibodies, gastroduodenal ulcers, chronic gastritis, gastric cancer, T2DM and information on potential mediators: obesity, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood glucose levels. Using univariate Mendelian randomization (MR) and multivariate MR (MVMR) analyses to evaluate the relationship between H. pylori and associated gastrointestinal diseases with the risk of developing of T2DM and explore the presence of mediators to ascertain the probable mechanisms. RESULTS: Genetic evidence suggests that H. pylori IgG antibody (P = 0.006, b = 0.0945, OR = 1.0995, 95% CI = 1.023-1.176), H. pylori GroEL antibody (P = 0.028, OR = 1.033, 95% CI = 1.004-1.064), gastroduodenal ulcers (P = 0.019, OR = 1.036, 95% CI = 1.006-1.068) and chronic gastritis (P = 0.005, OR = 1.042, 95% CI = 1.012-1.074) are all linked to an increased risk of T2DM, additionally, H. pylori IgG antibody is associated with obesity (P = 0.034, OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.002-1.055). The results of MVMR showed that the pathogenic relationship between H. pylori GroEL antibody and gastroduodenal ulcer in T2DM is mediated by blood glucose level and obesity, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study found that H. pylori IgG antibody, H. pylori GroEL antibody, gastroduodenal ulcer and chronic gastritis are all related to t T2DM, and blood glucose level and obesity mediate the development of H. pylori GroEL antibody and gastroduodenal ulcer on T2DM, respectively. These findings may inform new prevention and intervention strategies for T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/microbiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Gastroenteropatias/microbiologia , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/microbiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Úlcera Péptica/microbiologia , Úlcera Péptica/epidemiologia , Gastrite/microbiologia , Gastrite/complicações , Chaperonina 60/genética , Fatores de Risco
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