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1.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 12: 1372847, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633106

RESUMO

Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles secreted by cells, ranging in size from 30 to 150 nm. They contain proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and other bioactive molecules, which play a crucial role in intercellular communication and material transfer. In tumor immunity, exosomes present various functions while the following two are of great importance: regulating the immune response and serving as delivery carriers. This review starts with the introduction of the formation, compositions, functions, isolation, characterization, and applications of exosomes, and subsequently discusses the current status of exosomes in tumor immunotherapy, and the recent applications of exosome-based tumor immunity regulation and antitumor drug delivery. Finally, current challenge and future prospects are proposed and hope to demonstrate inspiration for targeted readers in the field.

2.
RSC Adv ; 14(17): 12158-12170, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628484

RESUMO

Vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) is a highly suitable technology for energy storage and conversion in the application of decoupling energy and power generation. However, the sluggish reaction kinetics of redox couples is one of the bottlenecks hindering the commercialization of VFFBs. Developing efficient electrode is a promising method to improve the battery performance. In this work, a reduced graphene oxide/Mxene hybrid-decorated graphite felt (rGO/Mxene@GF) is designed to facilitate the kinetics of redox reaction. The electrocatalytic activity and mass transfer of the prepared electrode are investigated through experiment and simulation methods. The results indicate that the favorable mass transfer and the synergistic effect between rGO and Ti3C2Tx Mxene remarkably improve the performance of electrode. The flow cell with rGO/Mxene@GF delivers a good stability up to 100 cycles with a coulombic, voltage, and energy efficiency of 91.6%, 82.7%, and 75.8%, respectively, at a current density of 80 mA cm-2. These findings suggest that the as-prepared rGO/Mxene@GF holds a good application potential in VRFB and provides a promising approach to design efficient electrode for electrochemical devices.

3.
J Tissue Eng ; 15: 20417314241244997, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617462

RESUMO

The study focused on the effects of a triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS) scaffolds, varying in porosity, on the repair of mandibular defects in New Zealand white rabbits. Four TPMS configurations (40%, 50%, 60%, and 70% porosity) were fabricated with ß-tricalcium phosphate bioceramic via additive manufacturing. Scaffold properties were assessed through scanning electron microscopy and mechanical testing. For proliferation and adhesion assays, mouse bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) were cultured on these scaffolds. In vivo, the scaffolds were implanted into rabbit mandibular defects for 2 months. Histological staining evaluated osteogenic potential. Moreover, RNA-sequencing analysis and RT-qPCR revealed the significant involvement of angiogenesis-related factors and Hippo signaling pathway in influencing BMSCs behavior. Notably, the 70% porosity TPMS scaffold exhibited optimal compressive strength, superior cell proliferation, adhesion, and significantly enhanced osteogenesis and angiogenesis. These findings underscore the substantial potential of 70% porosity TPMS scaffolds in effectively promoting bone regeneration within mandibular defects.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 268: 116276, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452726

RESUMO

The emergence of bacterial resistance has posed a significant challenge to clinical antimicrobial treatment, rendering commonly used antibiotics ineffective. The development of novel antimicrobial agents and strategies is imperative for the treatment of resistant bacterial infections. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are considered a promising class of antimicrobial agents due to their low propensity for resistance and broad-spectrum activity. Anoplin is a small linear α-helical natural antimicrobial peptide that was isolated from the venom of the solitary wasp Anplius samariensis. It exhibits rich biological activity, particularly broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and low hemolytic activity. Over the past three decades, more than 40 research publications on anoplin have been made available online. This review focuses on the advancements of anoplin in antimicrobial research, encompassing its sources, characterization, antimicrobial activity, influencing factors and structural modifications. The aim is to provide assistances for the development of new antimicrobial agents that can combat bacterial resistance.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Infecções Bacterianas , Humanos , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Venenos de Vespas/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 269: 116337, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537511

RESUMO

The global issue of antibiotic resistance is increasingly severe, highlighting the urgent necessity for the development of new antibiotics. Brevicidine, a natural cyclic lipopeptide, exhibits remarkable antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, a comprehensive structure-activity relationship of Brevicidine was investigated through 20 newly synthesized cyclic lipopeptide analogs, resulting in the identification of an optimal linear analog 22. The sequence of analog 22 consisted of five d-amino acids and four non-natural amino acid 2,5-diaminovaleric acid (Orn) and conjugated with decanoic acid at N-terminal. Compared to Brevicidine, analog 22 was easier to synthesize, and exerted broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and excellent stability (t1/2 = 40.98 h). Additionally, analog 22 demonstrated a rapid bactericidal effect by permeating non-specifically through the bacterial membranes, thereby minimizing the likelihood of inducing resistance. Moreover, it exhibited remarkable efficacy in combating bacterial biofilms and reversing bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics. Furthermore, it effectively suppressed the growth of bacteria in vital organs of mice infected with S. aureus ATCC 25923. In conclusion, analog 22 may represent a potential antimicrobial peptide for further optimization.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Staphylococcus aureus , Animais , Camundongos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Bactérias , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
6.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436574

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have emerged as promising agents to combat the antibiotic resistance crisis due to their rapid bactericidal activity and low propensity for drug resistance. However, AMPs face challenges in terms of balancing enhanced antimicrobial efficacy with increased toxicity during modification processes. In this study, de novo d-type ß-hairpin AMPs are designed. The conformational transformation of self-assembling peptide W-4 in the environment of the bacterial membrane and the erythrocyte membrane affected its antibacterial activity and hemolytic activity and finally showed a high antibacterial effect and low toxicity. Furthermore, W-4 displays remarkable stability, minimal occurrence of drug resistance, and synergistic effects when combined with antibiotics. The in vivo studies confirm its high safety and potent wound-healing properties at the sites infected by bacteria. This study substantiates that nanostructured AMPs possess enhanced biocompatibility. These advances reveal the superiority of self-assembled AMPs and contribute to the development of nanoantibacterial materials.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382917

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the oncological and reproductive outcomes of patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia (AH) and endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) undergoing conservative therapy with hysteroscopic resection (HR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The study strictly followed the methodological framework proposed by the Cochrane Handbook and was retrospectively registered in PROSPERO (CRD42023469986). Searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, from inception to October 10, 2023. A checklist based on items of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies was used for quality assessment. The primary end points for this meta-analysis were complete response (CR), pregnancy, and live birth rates following HR-based therapy in patients with EEC or AH. The secondary end point was the recurrence rate (RR). RESULTS: Twenty-one articles involving 407 patients with clinical stage IA, low or intermediate grade, EEC, and 444 patients with AH managed with HR-based conservative treatment were included for this systematic review. CR to HR-based conservative therapy was achieved in 88.6% of patients with EEC and 97.0% of patients with AH. Of these, 30.6% and 24.2%, respectively, had live births. The overall pooled disease RR was 18.3% and 10.8% in patients with EEC and AH, respectively. Further subset analyses revealed that EEC patients with body mass index (BMI) ≤28 kg/m2 had higher CR rates as well as higher chances of pregnancy and live birth (91.6% CR, 32.9% pregnancy, 31.1% live birth) compared with patients with BMI >28 kg/m2 (86.4% CR, 28.4% pregnancy, 23.0% live birth). The HR followed by oral progestogen subgroup had higher CR rates and higher chances of pregnancy and live birth (91.8% CR, 36.3% pregnancy, 28.2% live birth) than the HR followed by the levonorgestrel intrauterine system subgroup (82.5% CR, 25.3% pregnancy, 16.3% live birth). CONCLUSIONS: Hysteroscopic resection followed by progestins appears to be a promising choice for fertility-sparing treatment in young patients with AH and EEC, with effective and safe responses. The live birth rate remains to be improved by providing medical guidance and encouragement.

8.
Curr Biol ; 34(4): R135-R137, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412820

RESUMO

Tea varieties exhibit seasonal theanine accumulation, with the high-theanine tea variety Rougui having a diverse root microbiota rich in nitrogen-related microbes. A synthetic community derived from Rougui roots enhances tea growth and theanine synthesis under nitrogen deficiency, emphasizing the microbiota's pivotal role.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Glutamatos/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Chá/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
9.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 195: 106723, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil elastase has been identified as a potential therapeutic target for acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome, and Sivelestat is a selective, reversible and competitive neutrophil elastase inhibitor. This study was designed to investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects of Sivelestat in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled single- and multiple-dose escalation clinical trial was carried out. Briefly, healthy volunteers in twelve cohorts with 8 per cohort received 1.0-20.2 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo in an intravenous infusion manner for two hours, and healthy volunteers in four cohorts received two hours intravenous infusion of 2.0-5.0 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo with an interval of twelve hours for seven times. The safety and tolerability were evaluated and serial blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects analysis at the specified time-point. RESULTS: A total of 128 subjects were enrolled and all participants completed the study except one. Sivelestat exhibited satisfactory safety and tolerability up to 20.2 mg/kg/h in single-dose cohorts and 5.0 mg/kg/h in multiple-dose cohorts. Even so, more attention should be paid to the safety risks when using high doses. The Cmax and AUC of Sivelestat increased in a dose dependent manner, and Tmax was similar for different dose cohorts. In multiple-dose cohorts, the plasma concentrations reached steady state 48 h after first administration and the accumulation of Cmax and AUC was not obvious. Furthermore, the Cmin_ss of 5.0 mg/kg/h dose cohort could meet the needs of clinical treatment. For some reason, the pharmacodynamics data revealed that the inhibitory effect of Sivelestat on neutrophil elastase content in healthy subjects was inconclusive. CONCLUSION: Sivelestat was safe and well tolerated with appropriate pharmacokinetic parameters, which provided support for more diverse dosing regimen in clinical application. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn identifier is CTR20210072.


Assuntos
Glicina/análogos & derivados , Elastase de Leucócito , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Voluntários Saudáveis , Área Sob a Curva , Método Duplo-Cego , China , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 732, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272928

RESUMO

Catalytic asymmetric synthesis of helically chiral molecules has remained an outstanding challenge and witnessed fairly limited progress in the past decades. Current methods to construct such compounds almost entirely rely on catalytic enantiocontrolled fused-ring system extension. Herein, we report a direct terminal peri-functionalization strategy, which allows for efficient assembling of 1,12-disubstituted [4]carbohelicenes via an organocatalyzed enantioselective amination reaction of 2-hydroxybenzo[c]phenanthrene derivates with diazodicarboxamides. The key feature of this approach is that the stereochemical information of the catalyst could be transferred into not only the helix sense but also the remote C-N axial chirality of the products, thus enabling the synthesis of [4]- and [5]helicenes with both structural diversity and stereochemical complexity in good efficiency and excellent enantiocontrol. Besides, the large-scale preparations and representative transformations of the helical products further demonstrate the practicality of this protocol. Moreover, DFT calculations reveal that both the hydrogen bonds and the C-H---π interactions between the substrates and catalyst contribute to the ideal stereochemical control.

11.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38260250

RESUMO

Fatty acid ß-oxidation (FAO) is a central catabolic pathway with broad implications for organismal health. However, various fatty acids are largely incompatible with standard FAO machinery until they are modified by other enzymes. Included among these are the 4-hydroxy acids (4-HAs)-fatty acids hydroxylated at the 4 (γ) position-which can be provided from dietary intake, lipid peroxidation, and certain drugs of abuse. Here, we reveal that two atypical and poorly characterized acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (ACADs), ACAD10 and ACAD11, drive 4-HA catabolism in mice. Unlike other ACADs, ACAD10 and ACAD11 feature kinase domains N-terminal to their ACAD domains that phosphorylate the 4-OH position as a requisite step in the conversion of 4-hydroxyacyl-CoAs into 2-enoyl-CoAs-conventional FAO intermediates. Our ACAD11 cryo-EM structure and molecular modeling reveal a unique binding pocket capable of accommodating this phosphorylated intermediate. We further show that ACAD10 is mitochondrial and necessary for catabolizing shorter-chain 4-HAs, whereas ACAD11 is peroxisomal and enables longer-chain 4-HA catabolism. Mice lacking ACAD11 accumulate 4-HAs in their plasma while comparable 3- and 5-hydroxy acids remain unchanged. Collectively, this work defines ACAD10 and ACAD11 as the primary gatekeepers of mammalian 4-HA catabolism and sets the stage for broader investigations into the ramifications of aberrant 4-HA metabolism in human health and disease.

12.
J Periodontol ; 95(1): 50-63, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37436722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein lysine lactylation (Kla) has been proved to be closely related to inflammatory diseases, but its role in periodontitis (PD) is unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the global profiling of Kla in PD models in rats. METHODS: Clinical periodontal samples were collected, the inflammatory state of tissues was verified by H&E staining, and lactate content was detected by a lactic acid kit. Kla levels were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot. Subsequently, the rat model of PD was developed and its reliability verified by micro-CT and H&E staining. Mass spectrometry analysis was conducted to explore the expression profile of proteins and Kla in periodontal tissues. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis were performed, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. The lactylation in RAW264.7 cells was confirmed by IHC, immunofluorescence and Western blot. The relative expression levels of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, macrophage polarization-related factors CD86, iNOS, Arg1, and CD206 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: We observed substantial inflammatory cell infiltration in the PD tissues, and the lactate content and lactylation levels were significantly increased. The expression profiles of protein and Kla were obtained by mass spectrometry based on the established rat model of PD. Kla was confirmed in vitro and in vivo. After inhibiting the "writer" of lactylation P300 in RAW264.7 cells, the lactylation levels decreased, and the expression of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α increased. Meanwhile, the levels of CD86 and iNOS increased, and Arg1 and CD206 decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Kla may play an important role in PD, regulating the release of inflammatory factors and polarization of macrophages.


Assuntos
Lisina , Periodontite , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , Lactatos/metabolismo , Lactatos/farmacologia
13.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 41(1): 1-14, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37452625

RESUMO

Severe sepsis and septic shock are life-threatening for pediatric hematology and oncology patient receiving chemotherapy. Th1/Th2 cytokines, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) are all thought to be associated with disease severity. The aim of this study was to prospectively verify the utility of Th1/Th2 cytokines and compare them with PCT and CRP in the prediction of adverse outcomes. Data on patients were collected from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2020. Blood samples were taken for Th1/Th2 cytokine, CRP, and PCT measurements at the initial onset of infection. Severe infection (SI) was defined as severe sepsis or septic shock. Th1/Th2 cytokine levels were determined by using flow cytometric bead array technology. In total, 7,735 febrile episodes were included in this study. For SI prediction, the AUCs of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were 0.814, 0.805 and 0.624, respectively, while IL-6 and IL-10 had high sensitivity and specificity. IL-6 > 220.85 pg/ml and IL-10 > 29.95 pg/ml had high odds ratio (OR) values of approximately 3.5 in the logistic regression. Within the subgroup analysis, for bloodstream infection (BSI) prediction, the AUCs of IL-10 and TNF-α were 0.757 and 0.694, respectively. For multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS) prediction, the AUC of CRP was 0.606. The AUC of PCT for mortality prediction was 0.620. In conclusion, IL-6 and IL-10 provide good predictive value for the diagnosis of SI. For children with SI, IL-10 and TNF-α are associated with BSI, while CRP and PCT are associated with MODS and death, respectively.


Assuntos
Hematologia , Neoplasias , Sepse , Choque Séptico , Criança , Humanos , Pró-Calcitonina , Citocinas , Proteína C-Reativa , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Biomarcadores
14.
Int J Cancer ; 154(6): 1111-1123, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37842828

RESUMO

Effective screening and early detection are critical to improve the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). Our study aims to explore noninvasive multianalytical biomarkers and construct integrative models for preliminary risk assessment and GC detection. Whole genomewide methylation marker discovery was conducted with CpG tandems target amplification (CTTA) in cfDNA from large asymptomatic screening participants in a high-risk area of GC. The methylation and mutation candidates were validated simultaneously using one plasma from patients at various gastric lesion stages by multiplex profiling with Mutation Capsule Plus (MCP). Helicobacter pylori specific antibodies were detected with a recomLine assay. Integrated models were constructed and validated by the combination of multianalytical biomarkers. A total of 146 and 120 novel methylation markers were found in CpG islands and promoter regions across the genome with CTTA. The methylation markers together with the candidate mutations were validated with MCP and used to establish a 133-methylation-marker panel for risk assessment of suspicious precancerous lesions and GC cases and a 49-methylation-marker panel as well as a 144-amplicon-mutation panel for GC detection. An integrated model comprising both methylation and specific antibody panels performed better for risk assessment than a traditional model (AUC, 0.83 and 0.63, P < .001). A second model for GC detection integrating methylation and mutation panels also outperformed the traditional model (AUC, 0.82 and 0.68, P = .005). Our study established methylation, mutation and H. pylori-specific antibody panels and constructed two integrated models for risk assessment and GC screening. Our findings provide new insights for a more precise GC screening strategy in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Metilação de DNA , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Biomarcadores , Medição de Risco , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Ilhas de CpG , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia
15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 65(1): 91-99, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820046

RESUMO

Two hundred and thirty-one acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with 1376 high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) courses (3-5 g/m2) were enrolled to analyze the influence of the plasma MTX concentration (CMTX) in ALL. The 24-h target peak CMTX (C24h) was set at 33 µmol/l for low-risk (LR) and 65 µmol/l for intermediate/high-risk (IR/HR) groups. The median C24h was 42.0 µmol/l and 69.7 µmol/l for LR and IR/HR groups, respectively. MTX excretion delay was observed in 14.6% of courses, which was more frequent in IR/HR groups (56.9% vs. LR group 40.2%, p = .014) and T-ALL patients (82.6% vs. B-ALL 47.1%, p = .001). MTX-related toxicities were more common in courses with MTX excretion delay. However, survival between the patients who failed to reach the target C24h or not, with or without MTX excretion delay, was comparable. These findings suggest that, owing to the effectiveness of risk stratification chemotherapy, CMTX does not exert an independent influence on the prognosis of childhood ALL.


Assuntos
Metotrexato , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Humanos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico
17.
Cancer Med ; 12(24): 21978-21984, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38063317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blinatumomab improved survival outcomes in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients with measurable residual disease (MRD) <10-4 . However, data on blinatumomab clearing MRD with high sensitivity of 10-6 remain scarce. This study evaluates the effectiveness of blinatumomab in eradicating extremely low level (up to <10-6 ) of MRD, as detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS), in children with B-ALL. METHODS: Patients (n = 19) whose MRD was undetectable by multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) (sensitivity of 10-4 ) but detectable by NGS after chemotherapy and followed by blinatumomab consolidation were included retrospectively. RESULTS: After one course of blinatumomab, 13/19 patients (68%) successfully achieved NGS-MRD clearance (undetectable). With a median follow-up of 13.3 months, three of patients who were NGS-MRD positive relapsed within 1.8 months, while another three remained complete remission. CONCLUSIONS: Our study was the first to demonstrate that blinatumomab could further eradicate MRD after patients achieve MFC-MRD undetectable in B-ALL patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos , Linfoma de Burkitt , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Humanos , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 10: 1258038, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942413

RESUMO

Background: Fusion genes are considered to be one of the major drivers behind cancer initiation and progression. Meanwhile, non-acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in children had limited treatment efficacy. Hence, we developed and validated a simple clinical scoring system for predicting outcomes in non-APL pediatric patients with AML. Method: A total of 184 non-APL pediatric patients with AML who were admitted to our hospital and an independent dataset (318 patients) from the TARGET database were included. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operation (LASSO) and Cox regression analysis were used to identify prognostic factors. Then, a nomogram score was developed to predict the 1, 3, and 5 years overall survival (OS) based on their clinical characteristics and fusion genes. The accuracy of the nomogram score was determined by calibration curves and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Additionally, an internal verification cohort was used to assess its applicability. Results: Based on Cox and LASSO regression analyses, a nomogram score was constructed using clinical characteristics and OS-related fusion genes (CBFß::MYH11, RUNX1::RUNX1T1, KMT2A::ELL, and KMT2A::MLLT10), yielded good calibration and concordance for predicting OS of non-APL pediatric patients with AML. Furthermore, patients with higher scores exhibited worse outcomes. The nomogram score also demonstrated good discrimination and calibration in the whole cohort and internal validation. Furthermore, artificial neural networks demonstrated that this nomogram score exhibits good predictive performance. Conclusion: Our model based on the fusion gene is a prognostic biomarker for non-APL pediatric patients with AML. The nomogram score can provide personalized prognosis prediction, thereby benefiting clinical decision-making.

19.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 7468, 2023 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37978187

RESUMO

While the prognostic role of immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IGH) rearrangement in minimal residual disease (MRD) in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) has been reported, the contribution of light chain loci (IGK/IGL) remains elusive. This study is to evaluate the prognosis of IGH and IGK/IGL rearrangement-based MRD detected by next-generation sequencing in B-ALL at the end of induction (EOI) and end of consolidation (EOC). IGK/IGL rearrangements identify 5.5% of patients without trackable IGH clones. Concordance rates for IGH and IGK/IGL are 79.9% (cutoff 0.01%) at EOI and 81.0% (cutoff 0.0001%) at EOC, respectively. Patients with NGS-MRD < 0.01% at EOI or <0.0001% at EOC present excellent outcome, with 3-year event-free survival rates higher than 95%. IGH-MRD is prognostic at EOI/EOC, while IGK-MRD at EOI/EOC and IGL-MRD at EOI are not. At EOI, NGS identifies 26.2% of higher risk patients whose MRD < 0.01% by flow cytometry. However, analyzing IGK/IGL along with IGH fails to identify additional higher risk patients both at EOI and at EOC. In conclusion, IGH is crucial for MRD monitoring while IGK and IGL have relatively limited value.


Assuntos
Genes de Imunoglobulinas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
20.
Clin Exp Med ; 23(8): 4633-4646, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37930604

RESUMO

Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a recognized immune-mediated disorder and abnormally activated T lymphocyte-mediated bone marrow destruction is considered to be its main pathogenesis. Whether abnormal activation of T lymphocytes would also damage bone marrow-derived MSCs remains to be further studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the extent of T lymphocyte activation and the levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines of AA patients, and to explore the immunomodulatory effects of BM-MSCs on IL-2-stimulated T lymphocyte activation and cytokine production in vitro by means of transwell co-culture assay and flow cytometry measurement. The intermediate (CD25+) activated T cells were dominant in peripheral blood, while the early (CD69+) and late (HLA-DR+) activated T cells were predominant in bone marrow. Severe AA patients have an obviously higher proportion of CD3+CD8+CD69+ T cells than NSAA cases. The levels of IL-2 and IL-6 in AA patients were slightly elevated and INF-γ was mildly decreased in comparison with normal individuals. BM-MSCs derived from AA could not effectively inhibit the IL-2-induced activation of T cells with higher proportions of CD25+CD3+CD4+, CD69+CD3+CD4+ and CD25+CD3+CD8+ T cells after co-culture, and they showed a decreased ability to balance the Th1/Th2 cytokine production. Moreover, they had less robust osteogenic differentiation and more prone to adipogenic differentiation. We concluded that abnormally excessive T cell activation accompanied by abnormal cytokine secretion may impair the function of BM-MSCs in children with aplastic anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Criança , Humanos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Interleucina-2 , Osteogênese
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