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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11399, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762516

RESUMO

The construction of acoustic emission criterion system is crucial for monitoring and providing early warning of geological hazards. In the current soil acoustic emission monitoring methods, the signal generated by soil deformation and failure is weak and experiences high attenuation, resulting in a low level of the monitored signal. One approach to enhance the quality of monitoring data is by utilizing the active waveguide model. However, the current research on the active waveguide model system is not extensive. To address these issues, a set of active waveguide system was designed to improve the data quality of acoustic emission monitoring and early warning. The deformation and failure process of loess monitored by acoustic emission was divided into stages, and the precursor information of acoustic emission for geological disasters in loess areas was comprehensively deconstructed. The data quality advantage of the active waveguide model was verified through comparative experiments of with the passive waveguide model. This study investigates the AE signal characteristics of the active waveguide model. It explores various aspects such as the AE waveform parameter characteristics, the discrimination method for failure mode based on RA-AF value, the AE r-value characteristics, the AE b-value characteristics, and the frequency-amplitude characteristics. The study reveals the evolution law of AE signals in the active waveguide model, including early warning signs and failure morphological characteristics. Furthermore, it constructs a warning criterion for the active waveguide system. The development of this criterion system is of great importance in guiding the monitoring and early warning of geological disasters in loess areas.

2.
Gut ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The remodelling of gut mycobiome (ie, fungi) during pregnancy and its potential influence on host metabolism and pregnancy health remains largely unexplored. Here, we aim to examine the characteristics of gut fungi in pregnant women, and reveal the associations between gut mycobiome, host metabolome and pregnancy health. DESIGN: Based on a prospective birth cohort in central China (2017 to 2020): Tongji-Huaxi-Shuangliu Birth Cohort, we included 4800 participants who had available ITS2 sequencing data, dietary information and clinical records during their pregnancy. Additionally, we established a subcohort of 1059 participants, which included 514 women who gave birth to preterm, low birthweight or macrosomia infants, as well as 545 randomly selected controls. In this subcohort, a total of 750, 748 and 709 participants had ITS2 sequencing data, 16S sequencing data and serum metabolome data available, respectively, across all trimesters. RESULTS: The composition of gut fungi changes dramatically from early to late pregnancy, exhibiting a greater degree of variability and individuality compared with changes observed in gut bacteria. The multiomics data provide a landscape of the networks among gut mycobiome, biological functionality, serum metabolites and pregnancy health, pinpointing the link between Mucor and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The prepregnancy overweight status is a key factor influencing both gut mycobiome compositional alteration and the pattern of metabolic remodelling during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: This study provides a landscape of gut mycobiome dynamics during pregnancy and its relationship with host metabolism and pregnancy health, which lays the foundation of the future gut mycobiome investigation for healthy pregnancy.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Without timely and effective rehabilitation, hearing loss may profoundly affect human life quality. China has a large population of hearing-impaired individuals, which imposes a heavy health burden on society. Moreover, this population is projected to increase rapidly owing to China's aging society. METHODS: We used data from a population-representative epidemiological investigation of hearing loss and ear diseases in four Chinese provinces. We estimated the national prevalence using multiple linear regression of the age-group proportions and prevalence in 31 provinces with clustering analysis. We used years lived with disability (YLDs) to analyze the disease burden and forecasted the prevalence of hearing loss by 2060 in China. RESULTS: An estimated 115 million people had moderate-to-complete hearing loss in 2015 across the 31 provinces of China (8.4% of 1.37 billion people). Of these, 85.7% were older than age 50 years (99 million people) and 2.4% were younger than 20 years old (2.8 million people). Of all YLDs attributable to hearing loss, 68.9% were attributable to moderate-to-complete cases. By 2060, a projected 242 million people in China will have moderate-to-complete hearing loss, a 110.0% increase from 2015. CONCLUSIONS: The hearing loss prevalence in China is high. Population aging and socioeconomic factors substantially affect the prevalence and severity of hearing loss and the disease burden. The prevalence and severity of hearing loss are unevenly distributed across different provinces. Future public health policies should take these trends and regional variations into account.

4.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30085, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711659

RESUMO

Clarifying load transfer mechanism and the influence of the widening of a newly-built railway is the premise for the construction of adjacent project in loess region. This paper uses monitoring datas obtained from three sections in different stages to analyze the distribution laws of load exert on piles and soil between piles, investigates the variation laws of filling height on the earth pressure at different excavation steps and elucidates the influence of the filling height of newly built subgrade on the existing subgrade. In addition, a fitting formula y = a(1-e-bx) + cx is proposed to describe the relationship between the ratio of the additional displacement to the filling height, which is applicable for similar projects.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714787

RESUMO

Relapse is a major challenge in the treatment of drug addiction, and exercise has been shown to decrease relapse to drug seeking in animal models. However, the neural circuitry mechanisms by which exercise inhibits morphine relapse remain unclear. In this study, we report that 4-week treadmill training prevented morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) expression during abstinence by acting through the nucleus accumbens (NAc)-ventral pallidum (VP) pathway. We found that neuronal excitability was reduced in D2-dopamine receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons (D2-MSNs) following repeated exposure to morphine and forced abstinence. Enhancing the excitability of NAc D2-MSNs via treadmill training decreased the expression of morphine CPP. We also found that the effects of treadmill training were mediated by decreasing enkephalin levels and that restoring opioid modulation of GABA neurotransmission in the VP, which increased neurotransmitter release from NAc D2-MSNs to VP, decreased morphine CPP. Our findings suggest the inhibitory effect of exercise on morphine CPP is mediated by reversing morphine-induced neuroadaptations in the NAc-to-VP pathway.

7.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709435

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Abdominal aortic aneurysm refers to a serious medical condition that can cause the irreversible expansion of the abdominal aorta, which can lead to ruptures that are associated with up to 80% mortality. Currently, surgical and interventional procedures are the only treatment options available for treating abdominal aortic aneurysm patients. In this review, we focus on the upstream and downstream molecules of the microRNA-related signaling pathways and discuss the roles, mechanisms, and targets of microRNAs in abdominal aortic aneurysm modulation to provide novel insights for precise and targeted drug therapy for the vast number of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have highlighted that microRNAs, which are emerging as novel regulators of gene expression, are involved in the biological activities of regulating abdominal aortic aneurysms. Accumulating studies suggested that microRNAs modulate abdominal aortic aneurysm development through various signaling pathways that are yet to be comprehensively summarized. A total of six signaling pathways (NF-κB signaling pathway, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, TGF-ß signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, and P53/P21 signaling pathway), and a total of 19 miRNAs are intimately associated with the biological properties of abdominal aortic aneurysm through targeting various essential molecules. MicroRNAs modulate the formation, progression, and rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm by regulating smooth muscle cell proliferation and phenotype change, vascular inflammation and endothelium function, and extracellular matrix remodeling. Because of the broad crosstalk among signaling pathways, a comprehensive analysis of miRNA-mediated signaling pathways is necessary to construct a well-rounded upstream and downstream regulatory network for future basic and clinical research of AAA therapy.

8.
Psychiatry Investig ; 21(4): 422-432, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies on duration of untreated psychosis are common in patients with schizophrenia, but few studies have investigated the relationship between duration of untreated illness (DUI) and suicide, especially in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Therefore, we intended to investigate the relationship between DUI and suicide and clinical correlates in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 1,555 Chinese patients with chronic schizophrenia were enrolled in this study. DUI was measured in years, reflecting the prolonged untreated periods observed in this population. Clinical correlates were assessed, including symptoms, cognitive functioning, and body mass index. Suicidal ideation and attempts were also examined. Statistical analyses, including multivariate models, were employed to investigate the associations between DUI and clinical correlates while controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: The study revealed a significant proportion (23.3%) of patients with chronic schizophrenia in China received their first treatment after a 4-year delay, with the longest untreated duration reaching 39 years. Patients with longer DUI exhibited more severe negative symptoms, lower immediate memory scores, a higher likelihood of being overweight, and surprisingly, a reduced likelihood of suicidal ideation and attempts. Each additional year of untreated illness was associated with a 3% decrease in the risk of suicidal ideation and attempts. CONCLUSION: The findings underscore the prevalence of extended untreated periods in Chinese patients with chronic schizophrenia and highlight the impact of DUI on negative symptoms, cognitive function, and body weight. Intriguingly, a longer DUI was associated with a lower risk of suicidal ideation and attempts.

9.
Eur Urol ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762392

RESUMO

Defining meaningful endpoints for research of early-stage high-risk prostate cancer is challenging, with established measures such as overall survival and metastasis-free survival facing limitations related to feasibility and adequate reflection of patient relevance. Developing endpoints must cater to diverse perspectives across scientific, clinical, regulatory, and patient viewpoints. Endpoints such as pathological complete response, no evidence of disease, and prevention of prostate-specific antigen relapse may reflect patient benefit by accounting for diagnostic and treatment burdens.

10.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 45(5): 568-573, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early neurologic deterioration (END) often occurs during hospitalization in single small subcortical infarction (SSSI). The objective was to identify imaging predictors of END. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SSSIs in the lenticulostriate artery within 72 hours of stroke onset from January 2015 to June 2021 were consecutively enrolled. The posteriority and laterality indexes were assessed on the second section from the top of the corona radiata section showing the lateral ventricle on DWI. A multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the predictors of END. RESULTS: A total of 402 patients were included in this study, among whom 93 (23.1%) experienced END. The optimal cutoff points of the posteriority and laterality indexes for predicting END were given by a receiver operating characteristic curve. A multivariate logistic analysis showed that the posteriority index of ≥0.669 (OR: 2.53; 95% CI: 1.41-4.56; P = .002) and the laterality index of ≥0.950 (OR: 2.03; 95% CI: 1.03-4.00; P = .042) were independently associated with the risk of END. Accordingly, the SSSIs were further divided into 4 types: anterior lateral type (AL-type), anterior medial type (AM-type), posterior lateral type (PL-type), and posterior medial type (PM-type). After the multivariate analysis, in comparison with the AL-type, the AM-type (OR: 3.26; 95% CI: 1.10-9.65), PL-type (OR: 4.68; 95% CI: 1.41-15.56), and PM-type (OR: 6.77; 95% CI: 2.53-18.04) carried significantly elevated risks of END. The PM-type was associated with the highest risk of END. CONCLUSIONS: The PM-type was found to be associated with the highest risk of END.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença Cerebrovascular dos Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(22): e2314166121, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768348

RESUMO

The nonstructural protein 1 (Nsp1) of SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) is a virulence factor that targets multiple cellular pathways to inhibit host gene expression and antiviral response. However, the underlying mechanisms of the various Nsp1-mediated functions and their contributions to SARS-CoV-2 virulence remain unclear. Among the targets of Nsp1 is the mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid) export receptor NXF1-NXT1, which mediates nuclear export of mRNAs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Based on Nsp1 crystal structure, we generated mutants on Nsp1 surfaces and identified an acidic N-terminal patch that is critical for interaction with NXF1-NXT1. Photoactivatable Nsp1 probe reveals the RNA Recognition Motif (RRM) domain of NXF1 as an Nsp1 N-terminal binding site. By mutating the Nsp1 N-terminal acidic patch, we identified a separation-of-function mutant of Nsp1 that retains its translation inhibitory function but substantially loses its interaction with NXF1 and reverts Nsp1-mediated mRNA export inhibition. We then generated a recombinant (r)SARS-CoV-2 mutant on the Nsp1 N-terminal acidic patch and found that this surface is key to promote NXF1 binding and inhibition of host mRNA nuclear export, viral replication, and pathogenicity in vivo. Thus, these findings provide a mechanistic understanding of Nsp1-mediated mRNA export inhibition and establish the importance of this pathway in the virulence of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , COVID-19 , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático , RNA Mensageiro , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , SARS-CoV-2 , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/química , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/genética , Animais , COVID-19/virologia , COVID-19/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Replicação Viral , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Células Vero , Virulência , Chlorocebus aethiops , Células HEK293
12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771218

RESUMO

A palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative asymmetric [4 + 2] annulation of methyleneindolinones with a zwitterionic oxo-1,4-dipole intermediate was successfully developed to access spirocyclic oxindoles bearing two vicinal stereocenters in good yields with high diastereoselectivities and enantioselectivities. This strategy features a broad substrate scope (28 examples), allowing for efficient scale-up. Further selective transformation of the product and preliminary mechanistic studies were conducted.

13.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2400022, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763911

RESUMO

SCOPE: Little is known about the effect of blood vitamin D status on the gut mycobiota (i.e., fungi), a crucial component of the gut microbial ecosystem. The study aims to explore the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and gut mycobiota and to investigate the link between the identified mycobial features and blood glycemic traits. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study examines the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and the gut mycobiota in the Westlake Precision Birth Cohort, which includes pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The study develops a genetic risk score (GRS) for 25(OH)D to validate the observational results. In both the prospective and cross-sectional analyses, the vitamin D is associated with gut mycobiota diversity. Specifically, the abundance of Saccharomyces is significantly lower in the vitamin D-sufficient group than in the vitamin D-deficient group. The GRS of 25(OH)D is inversely associated with the abundance of Saccharomyces. Moreover, the Saccharomyces is positively associated with blood glucose levels. CONCLUSION: Blood vitamin D status is associated with the diversity and composition of gut mycobiota in women with GDM, which may provide new insights into the mechanistic understanding of the relationship between vitamin D levels and metabolic health.

14.
Anim Biotechnol ; 35(1): 2345238, 2024 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775564

RESUMO

Tropomyosin 3 (TPM3) plays a significant role as a regulatory protein in muscle contraction, affecting the growth and development of skeletal muscles. Despite its importance, limited research has been conducted to investigate the influence of TPM3 on bovine skeletal muscle development. Therefore, this study revealed the role of TPM3 in bovine myoblast growth and development. This research involved conducting a thorough examination of the Qinchuan cattle TPM3 gene using bioinformatics tools to examine its sequence and structural characteristics. Furthermore, TPM3 expression was evaluated in various bovine tissues and cells using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results showed that the coding region of TPM3 spans 855 bp, with the 161st base being the T base, encoding a protein with 284 amino acids and 19 phosphorylation sites. This protein demonstrated high conservation across species while displaying a predominant α-helix secondary structure despite being an unstable acidic protein. Notably, a noticeable increase in TPM3 expression was observed in the longissimus dorsi muscle and myocardium of calves and adult cattle. Expression patterns varied during different stages of myoblast differentiation. Functional studies that involved interference with TPM3 in Qinchuan cattle myoblasts revealed a very significantly decrease in S-phase cell numbers and EdU-positive staining (P < 0.01), and disrupted myotube morphology. Moreover, interference with TPM3 resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) or highly significantly (P < 0.01) decreased mRNA and protein levels of key proliferation and differentiation markers, indicating its role in the modulation of myoblast behavior. These findings suggest that TPM3 plays an essential role in bovine skeletal muscle growth by influencing myoblast proliferation and differentiation. This study provides a foundation for further exploration into the mechanisms underlying TPM3-mediated regulation of bovine muscle development and provides valuable insights that could guide future research directions as well as potential applications for livestock breeding and addressing muscle-related disorders.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Clonagem Molecular , Mioblastos , Tropomiosina , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Tropomiosina/genética , Tropomiosina/metabolismo , Tropomiosina/química , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Mioblastos/citologia , Músculo Esquelético , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética
15.
J Control Release ; 371: 1-15, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761856

RESUMO

Since phospholipids have an important effect on the size, surface potential and hardness of liposomes that decide their in vivo fate after inhalation, this research has systematically evaluated the effect of phospholipids on pulmonary drug delivery by liposomes. In this study, liposomes composed of neutral saturated/unsaturated phospholipids, anionic and cationic phospholipids were constructed to investigate how surface potential and the degree of saturation of fatty acid chains determined their mucus and epithelium permeability both in vitro and in vivo. Our results clearly indicated that liposomes composed of saturated neutral and anionic phospholipids possessed high stability and permeability, compared to that of liposomes composed of unsaturated phospholipids and cationic phospholipids. Furthermore, both in vivo imaging of fluorescence-labeled liposomes and biodistribution of salvianolic acid B (SAB) that encapsulated in liposomes were performed to estimate the effect of phospholipids on the lung exposure and retention of inhaled liposomes. Finally, inhaled SAB-loaded liposomes exhibited enhanced therapeutic effects in a bleomycin-induced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis mice model via inhibition of inflammation and regulation on coagulation-fibrinolytic system. Such findings will be beneficial to the development of inhalable lipid-based nanodrug delivery systems for the treatment of respiratory diseases where inhalation is the preferred route of administration.

16.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(5): 241, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698267

RESUMO

The epidemic of stripe rust, caused by the pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), would reduce wheat (Triticum aestivum) yields seriously. Traditional experimental methods are difficult to discover the interaction between wheat and Pst. Multi-omics data analysis provides a new idea for efficiently mining the interactions between host and pathogen. We used 140 wheat-Pst RNA-Seq data to screen for differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between low susceptibility and high susceptibility samples, and carried out Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis. Based on this, we constructed a gene co-expression network, identified the core genes and interacted gene pairs from the conservative modules. Finally, we checked the distribution of Nucleotide-binding and leucine-rich repeat (NLR) genes in the co-expression network and drew the wheat NLR gene co-expression network. In order to provide accessible information for related researchers, we built a web-based visualization platform to display the data. Based on the analysis, we found that resistance-related genes such as TaPR1, TaWRKY18 and HSP70 were highly expressed in the network. They were likely to be involved in the biological processes of Pst infecting wheat. This study can assist scholars in conducting studies on the pathogenesis and help to advance the investigation of wheat-Pst interaction patterns.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Doenças das Plantas , Puccinia , Triticum , Triticum/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Puccinia/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Ontologia Genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas NLR/genética , Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Basidiomycota/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
17.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 583, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755265

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages of the M2 phenotype promote cancer initiation and progression. Importantly, M2 macrophage-derived exosomes play key roles in the malignancy of cancer cells. Here, we report that circTMCO3 is upregulated in ovarian cancer patients, and its high expression indicates poor survival. M2-derived exosomes promote proliferation, migration, and invasion in ovarian cancer, but these effects are abolished by knockdown of circTMCO3. Furthermore, circTMCO3 functions as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-515-5p to reduce its abundance, thus upregulating ITGA8 in ovarian cancer. miR-515-5p inhibits ovarian cancer malignancy via directly downregulating ITGA8. The decreased oncogenic activity of circTMCO3-silencing exosomes is reversed by miR-515-5p knockdown or ITGA8 overexpression. Exosomal circTMCO3 promotes ovarian cancer progression in nude mice. Thus, M2 macrophage-derived exosomes promote malignancy by delivering circTMCO3 and targeting the miR-515-5p/ITGA8 axis in ovarian cancer. Our findings not only provide mechanistic insights into ovarian cancer progression, but also suggest potential therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Humanos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Macrófagos/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/genética , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular
18.
Front Mol Biosci ; 11: 1394585, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751445

RESUMO

Objective: Breast cancer is highly heterogeneous, presenting challenges in prognostic assessment. Developing a universally applicable prognostic model could simplify clinical decision-making. This study aims to develop and validate a novel breast cancer prognosis model using coagulation-related genes with broad clinical applicability. Methods: A total of 203 genes related to coagulation were obtained from the KEGG database, and the mRNA data of 1,099 tumor tissue samples and 572 samples of normal tissue were retrieved from the TCGA-BRCA cohort and GTEx databases. The R package "limma" was utilized to detect variations in gene expression related to coagulation between the malignancies and normal tissue. A model was constructed in the TCGA cohort through a multivariable Cox regression analysis, followed by validation using the GSE42568 dataset as the testing set. Constructing a nomogram incorporating clinical factors to enhance the predictive capacity of the model. Utilizing the ESTIMATE algorithm to investigate the immune infiltration levels in groups with deferent risk. Performing drug sensitivity analysis using the "oncoPredict" package. Results: A risk model consisting of six coagulation-associated genes (SERPINA1, SERPINF2, C1S, CFB, RASGRP1, and TLN2) was created and successfully tested for validation. Identified were 6 genes that serve as protective factors in the model's development. Kaplan-Meier curves revealed a worse prognosis in the high-risk group compared to the low-risk group. The ROC analysis showed that the model accurately forecasted the overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients at 1, 3, and 5 years. Nomogram accompanied by calibration curves can also provide better guidance for clinical decision-making. The low-risk group is more likely to respond well to immunotherapy, whereas the high-risk group may show improved responses to Gemcitabine treatment. Furthermore, individuals in distinct risk categories displayed different responses to various medications within the identical therapeutic category. Conclusion: We established a breast cancer prognostic model incorporating six coagulation-associated genes and explored its clinical utility. This model offers valuable insights for clinical decision-making and drug selection in breast cancer patients, contributing to personalized and precise treatment advancements.

19.
BMC Ecol Evol ; 24(1): 61, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reintroduction represents an effective strategy for the conservation of endangered wildlife, yet it might inadvertently impact the native ecosystems. This investigation assesses the impact of reintroducing endangered Przewalski's horses into the desert grassland ecosystem of the Kalamaili Nature Reserve (KNR), particularly its effect on the spatial distribution of ticks. In a 25 km2 core area of Przewalski's horse distribution, we set up 441 tick sampling sites across diverse habitats, including water sources, donkey trails, and grasslands, recording horse feces and characteristics to analyze the occurrence rate of ticks. Additionally, we gathered the data of 669 fresh feces of horses. To evaluate the spatial dynamics between these feces and ticks, we used methods such as Fixed Kernel Estimation (FKE), Moran's I spatial autocorrelation index, and Generalized Linear Models (GLM). RESULTS: The dominant species of ticks collected in the core area were adult Hyalomma asiaticum (91.36%). Their occurrence rate was higher near donkey trails (65.99%) and water sources (55.81%), particularly in areas with the fresh feces of Przewalski's horses. The ticks' three risk areas, as defined by FKE, showed significant overlap and positive correlation with the distribution of Przewalski's horses, with respective overlap rates being 90.25% in high risk, 33.79% in medium risk, and 23.09% in low risk areas. Moran's I analysis revealed a clustering trend of the fresh feces of Przewalski's horses in these areas. The GLM confirmed a positive correlation between the distribution of H. asiaticum and the presence of horse fresh feces, alongside a negative correlation with the proximity to water sources and donkey trails. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the strong spatial correlation between Przewalski's horses and H. asiaticum in desert grasslands, underlining the need to consider interspecific interactions in wildlife reintroductions. The findings are crucial for shaping effective strategies of wildlife conservation and maintaining ecological balance.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Animais , Cavalos , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Análise Espacial , Fezes/parasitologia , Fezes/química , Clima Desértico , Ixodidae/fisiologia , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
20.
J Nutr ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and leucocyte telomere length. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data from the UK Biobank, including a total of 64,690 participants. LTL was measured using Q-PCR with natural logarithmic conversion and Z-score normalization. Dietary data were collected through a 24-hour recall questionnaire from 2009 to 2010. UPFs were identified using the Nova food classification as either a continuous or a categorical variable respectively. Multiple linear regression models were employed to analyze the association between UPF consumption and LTL. RESULTS: The included participants had an average age of 56.26 years, of whom 55.2% were female. After adjusting for demographic and health-related variables, LTL exhibited a decrease of 0.005 (95% CI:-0.007,-0.002) with one UPF serving increase. Compared to participants consuming ≤3.5 servings/day, those consuming 3.5 to <6 servings showed a shortening of LTL by 0.025 (95% CI: -0.046, -0.003). Participants consuming 6 to ≤8 servings/day and >8 servings/day had LTL shortening of 0.032 (95% CI: -0.054, -0.011) and 0.037 (95% CI: -0.060, -0.014), respectively (P for trend=0.002). Subgroup analyses by UPF subclasses revealed that the consumption of ready-to-eat/heated food (ß=-0.010, 95% CI:-0.016,-0.004), beans and potatoes (ß=-0.027, 95% CI:-0.043,-0.012), animal-based products (ß=-0.012, 95% CI:-0.020,-0.005), artificial sugar (ß=-0.014, 95% CI:-0.025,-0.003), and beverages (ß=-0.005, 95% CI:-0.009,-0.001) showed negative associations with LTL. Conversely, breakfast cereals (ß=0.022, 95% CI:0.006,0.038) and vegetarian alternatives (ß=0.056, 95% CI:0.026,0.085) showed positive correlations with LTL. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that a higher consumption of total UPF was associated with a shorter LTL. However, some UPFs may be associated with longer LTL, depending on their nutritional composition.

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