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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132044, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701998

RESUMO

To develop natural complex materials as starch-dominated emulsifiers, pregelatinization was conducted on potato flour. The effects of gelatinization degrees (GDs, 0 %-50 %) on the structural characteristics, physicochemical properties, and emulsifying potentials of potato flour were investigated. Increasing GD of potato flour promoted protein aggregation on starch granules surfaces and transformed starch semicrystalline structures into melted networks. The emulsion stabilized with 50 % GD potato flour exhibited excellent storage stability (7 d) and gel-like behavior. With increasing GD from 0 to 50 %, the respective apparent viscosities and elastic moduli of emulsion increased from 21.4 Pa to 1126.7 Pa, and from 0.133 Pa·s to 1176.6 Pa·s, promoting the formation of a stable network structure in the emulsion. Fourier transform infrared spectra from emulsions with a continuous phase of >20 % GD displayed a new peak around 1740 cm-1, suggesting improved covalent interactions between droplets, thereby facilitating emulsion stability. Confocal laser scanning microscopy images indicated that droplets could be anchored in the melted networks and broken starch granules, inhibiting droplets coalescence. These results suggest that pregelatinization is a viable strategy for customizing natural starch-dominated emulsions.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728105

RESUMO

The transformation of carbon dioxide (CO2) into functional materials has garnered considerable worldwide interest. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), as a distinctive class of materials, have made great contributions to CO2 capture and conversion. However, facile conversion of CO2 to stable porous MOFs for CO2 utilization remains unexplored. Herein, we present a facile methodology of using CO2 to synthesize stable zirconium-based MOFs. Two zirconium-based MOFs CO2-Zr-DEP and CO2-Zr-DEDP with face-centered cubic topology were obtained via a sequential desilylation-carboxylation-coordination reaction. The MOFs exhibit excellent crystallinity, as verified through powder X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy analyses. They also have notable porosity with high surface area (SBET up to 3688 m2 g-1) and good CO2 adsorption capacity (up to 12.5 wt %). The resulting MOFs have abundant alkyne functional moieties, confirmed through 13C cross-polarization/magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectra. Leveraging the catalytic prowess of Ag(I) in diverse CO2-involved reactions, we incorporated Ag(I) into zirconium-based MOFs, capitalizing on their interactions with carbon-carbon π-bonds of alkynes, thereby forming a heterogeneous catalyst. This catalyst demonstrates outstanding efficiency in catalyzing the conversion of CO2 and propargylic alcohols into cyclic carbonates, achieving >99% yield at room temperature and atmospheric pressure conditions. Thus, this work provides a dual CO2 utilization strategy, encompassing the synthesis of CO2-based MOFs (20-24 wt % from CO2) and their subsequent application in CO2 capture and conversion processes. This approach significantly enhances overall CO2 utilization.

3.
J Ginseng Res ; 48(3): 298-309, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707638

RESUMO

Background: 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2(GRh2), an effective natural histone deacetylase inhibitor, can inhibit acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell proliferation. Lactate regulated histone lactylation, which has different temporal dynamics from acetylation. However, whether the high level of lactylation modification that we first detected in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is associated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) resistance has not been reported. Furthermore, Whether GRh2 can regulate lactylation modification in ATRA-resistant APL remains unknown. Methods: Lactylation and METTL3 expression levels in ATRA-sensitive and ATRA-resistant APL cells were detected by Western blot analysis, qRT-PCR and CO-IP. Flow cytometry (FCM) and APL xenograft mouse models were used to determine the effect of METTL3 and GRh2 on ATRA-resistance. Results: Histone lactylation and METTL3 expression levels were considerably upregulated in ATRA-resistant APL cells. METTL3 was regulated by histone lactylation and direct lactylation modification. Overexpression of METTL3 promoted ATRA-resistance. GRh2 ameliorated ATRA-resistance by downregulated lactylation level and directly inhibiting METTL3. Conclusions: This study suggests that lactylation-modified METTL3 could provide a promising strategy for ameliorating ATRA-resistance in APL, and GRh2 could act as a potential lactylation-modified METTL3 inhibitor to ameliorate ATRA-resistance in APL.

4.
BMC Med Genomics ; 17(1): 122, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for the occur of tendinopathy. Therefore, this study is the first to explore the dynamic changes of the "gene profile" of supraspinatus tendon in rats at different time points after T2DM induction through transcriptomics, providing potential molecular markers for exploring the pathogenesis of diabetic tendinopathy. METHODS: A total of 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal (NG, n = 10) and T2DM groups (T2DM, n = 30) and subdivided into three groups according to the duration of diabetes: T2DM-4w, T2DM-8w, and T2DM-12w groups; the duration was calculated from the time point of T2DM rat model establishment. The three comparison groups were set up in this study, T2DM-4w group vs. NG, T2DM-8w group vs. NG, and T2DM-12w group vs. NG. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in 3 comparison groups were screened. The intersection of the three comparison groups' DEGs was defined as key genes that changed consistently in the supraspinatus tendon after diabetes induction. Cluster analysis, gene ontology (GO) functional annotation analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) functional annotation and enrichment analysis were performed for DEGs. RESULTS: T2DM-4w group vs. NG, T2DM-8w group vs. NG, and T2DM-12w group vs. NG detected 519 (251 up-regulated and 268 down-regulated), 459 (342 up-regulated and 117 down-regulated) and 328 (255 up-regulated and 73 down-regulated) DEGs, respectively. 103 key genes of sustained changes in the supraspinatus tendon following induction of diabetes, which are the first identified biomarkers of the supraspinatus tendon as it progresses through the course of diabetes.The GO analysis results showed that the most significant enrichment in biological processes was calcium ion transmembrane import into cytosol (3 DEGs). The most significant enrichment in cellular component was extracellular matrix (9 DEGs). The most significant enrichment in molecular function was glutamate-gated calcium ion channel activity (3 DEGs). The results of KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that there were 17 major pathways (p < 0.05) that diabetes affected supratinusculus tendinopathy, including cAMP signaling pathway and Calcium signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Transcriptomics reveals dynamic changes in the"gene profiles"of rat supraspinatus tendon at three different time points after diabetes induction. The 103 DEGs identified in this study may provide potential molecular markers for exploring the pathogenesis of diabetic tendinopathy, and the 17 major pathways enriched in KEGG may provide new ideas for exploring the pathogenesis of diabetic tendinopathy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Animais , Ratos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Masculino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Fatores de Tempo , Tendões/metabolismo , Tendões/patologia , Manguito Rotador/patologia , Manguito Rotador/metabolismo
5.
J Alzheimers Dis Rep ; 8(1): 589-600, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746638

RESUMO

Background: Sleep disturbances frequently affect Alzheimer's disease (AD), with up to 65% patients reporting sleep-related issues that may manifest up to a decade before AD symptoms. Objective: To construct a nomogram that synthesizes sleep quality and cognitive performance for predicting cognitive impairment (CI) conversion outcomes. Methods: Using scores from three well-established sleep assessment tools, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, REM Sleep Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale, we created the Sleep Composite Index (SCI), providing a comprehensive snapshot of an individual's sleep status. Initially, a CI conversion prediction model was formed via COX regression, fine-tuned by bidirectional elimination. Subsequently, an optimized prediction model through COX regression, depicted as a nomogram, offering predictions for CI development in 5, 8, and 12 years among cognitively unimpaired (CU) individuals. Results: After excluding CI patients at baseline, our study included 816 participants with complete baseline and follow-up data. The CU group had a mean age of 66.1±6.7 years, with 36.37% males, while the CI group had an average age of 70.3±9.0 years, with 39.20% males. The final model incorporated glial fibrillary acidic protein, Verbal Fluency Test and SCI, and an AUC of 0.8773 (0.792-0.963). Conclusions: In conclusion, the sleep-cognition nomogram we developed could successfully predict the risk of converting to CI in elderly participants and could potentially guide the design of interventions for rehabilitation and/or cognitive enhancement to improve the living quality for healthy older adults, detect at-risk individuals, and even slow down the progression of AD.

6.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748457

RESUMO

Ion transport efficiency, the key to determining the cycling stability and rate capability of all-solid-state lithium metal batteries (ASSLMBs), is constrained by ionic conductivity and Li+-migration ability across the multicomponent phases and interfaces in ASSLMBs. Here, we report a robust strategy for the large-scale fabrication of a practical solid electrolyte composite with high-throughput linear Li+-transport channels by compositing an all-trans block copolymer PVDF-b-PTFE matrix with ferroelectric BaTiO3-TiO2 nanofiber films. The electrolyte shows a sustainable electromechanical-coupled deformability that enables the rapid dissociation of anions with Li+ to create more movable Li+ ions and spontaneously transform the battery internal strain into Li+-ion migration kinetic energy. The ceramic framework homogenizes the interfacial potential with electrodes, endowing the electrolyte with a high conductivity of 0.782 mS·cm-1 and stable ion transport ability in ASSLMBs at room temperature. The batteries of LiFePO4/Li can stably cycle 1000 times at 0.5 C with a high capacity retention of 96.1%, and Ah-grade pouch or high-voltage Li(Ni0.8Mn0.1Co0.1)O2/Li batteries also exhibit excellent rate capability and cycling performance.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407025, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742866

RESUMO

The adsorbate-mediated strong metal-support interaction (A-SMSI) offers a reversible means of altering the selectivity of supported metal catalysts, thereby providing a powerful tool for facile modulation of catalytic performance. However, the fundamental understanding of A-SMSI remains inadequate and methods for tuning A-SMSI are still in their nascent stages, impeding its stabilization under reaction conditions. Here, we report that the initial concentration of oxygen vacancy in oxide supports plays a key role in tuning the A-SMSI between Ru nanoparticles and defected titania (TiO2-x). Based on this new understanding, we demonstrate the in-situ formation of A-SMSI under reaction conditions, obviating the typically required CO2-rich pretreatment. The as-formed A-SMSI layer exhibits remarkable stability at various temperatures, enabling excellent activity, selectivity and long-term stability in catalyzing the reverse water gas-shift reaction. This study deepens the understanding of the A-SMSI and the ability to stabilize A-SMSI under reaction conditions represents a key step for practical catalytic applications.

8.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 116969, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744347

RESUMO

Cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 (CSRP2) is expressed differently in numerous cancers and plays a key role in carcinogenesis. However, the role of CSRP2 in glioma is unknown. This study sought to determine the expression profile and clinical significance of CSRP2 in glioma and explore its biological functions and mechanisms via lentivirus-mediated CSRP2 silencing experiments. Increased CSRP2 was frequently observed in gliomas, which was associated with clinicopathological characteristics and an unfavourable prognosis. Decreasing CSRP2 led to the suppression of malignant proliferation, metastasis and stemness in glioma cells while causing hypersensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs. Mechanistic investigations revealed that CSRP2 plays a role in mediating the Notch signalling cascade. Silencing CSRP2 decreased the levels of Notch1, cleaved Notch1, HES1 and HEY1, suppressing the Notch signalling cascade. Reactivation of Notch markedly diminished the tumour-inhibiting effects of CSRP2 silencing on the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells. Notably, CSRP2-silencing glioma cells exhibited reduced potential in the formation of xenografts in nude mice in vivo, which was associated with an impaired Notch signalling cascade. These results showed that CSRP2 is overexpressed in glioma and has a crucial role in sustaining the malignant phenotypes of glioma, suggesting that targeting CSRP2 could be a promising strategy for glioma treatment.

9.
Acta Biomater ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723926

RESUMO

Medium-entropy alloys (MEAs) typically exhibit outstanding mechanical properties, but their high Young's modulus results in restricted clinical applications. Mismatched Young's modulus between implant materials and human bones can lead to "stress shielding" effects, leading to implant failure. In contrast, ß-Ti alloys demonstrate a lower Young's modulus compared to MEAs, albeit with lower strength. In the present study, based on the bimodal grain size distribution (BGSD) strategy, a series of high-performance TiZrNbTa/Ti composites are obtained by combining TiZrNbTa MEA powders with nano-scale grain sizes and commercially pure Ti (CP-Ti) powders with micro-scale grain sizes. Concurrently, Zr, Nb, and Ta that are ß-Ti stabilizer elements diffuse into Ti, inducing an isomorphous transformation in Ti from the high Young's modulus α-Ti phase to the low Young's modulus ß-Ti phase at room temperature, optimizing the mechanical biocompatibility. The TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite demonstrates a yield strength of 1490 ± 83 MPa, ductility of 20.7 % ± 2.9 %, and Young's modulus of 87.6 ± 1.6 GPa. Notably, the yield strength of the TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite surpasses that of sintered CP-Ti by 2.6-fold, and its ductility outperforms TiZrNbTa MEA by 2.3-fold. The Young's modulus of the TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite is reduced by 28 % and 36 % compared to sintered CP-Ti and TiZrNbTa MEA, respectively. Additionally, it demonstrates superior biocompatibility compared to CP-Ti plate, sintered CP-Ti, and TiZrNbTa MEA. With a good combination of mechanical properties and biocompatibility, the TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite exhibits significant potential for clinical applications as metallic biomaterials. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: This work combines TiZrNbTa MEA with nano-grains and commercially pure Ti with micro-grains to fabricate a TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite with bimodal grain-size, which achieves a yield strength of 1490 ± 83 MPa and a ductility of 20.7 % ± 2.9 %. Adhering to the ISO 10993-5 standard, the TiZrNbTa/ß-Ti composite qualifies as a non-cytotoxic material, achieving a Class 0 cytotoxicity rating and demonstrating outstanding biocompatibility akin to commercially pure Ti. Drawing on element diffusion, Zr, Nb, and Ta serve not only as solvent atoms to achieve solid-solution strengthening but also as stabilizers for the transformation of the ß-Ti crystal structure. This work offers a novel avenue for designing advanced biomedical Ti alloys with elevated strength and plasticity alongside a reduced Young's modulus.

10.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 159, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer have been faced with significant challenges in recent years. Particular interest is directed to tumor microenvironment function. Recent work has, identified a small molecule named Divertin that prevents myosin light chain kinase 1(MLCK1) recruitment to the perijunctional actomyosin ring(PAMR), restores barrier function after tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-induced barrier loss and prevents disease progression in experimental inflammatory bowel disease. Studies have shown that MLCK is a potential target for affecting intestinal barrier function, as well as for tumor therapy. However, the relative contributions of MLCK expression and chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancers have not been defined. METHODS: Statistical analysis of MYLK gene expression differences in colorectal cancer patients and normal population and prognosis results from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA) data. Cell activity was detected by Cell counting Kit-8. Cell proliferation was detected by monoclonal plate. The apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and western blot. Determine the role of MLCK1 in inducing 5-Fluorouracil(5-Fu) resistance in colorectal cancer cells was detected by overexpression of MLCK1 and knock-down expression of MLCK1. RESULTS: MLCK1 is expressed at different levels in different colorectal cancer cells, high MLCK1 expressing cell lines are less sensitive to 5-Fu, and low MLCK1 expressing cell lines are more sensitive to 5-Fu. MLCK1 high expression enhances resistance to 5-Fu in colorectal cancer cells and the sensitivity to 5-Fu was increased after knocking down the expression of MLCK1, that might be closely correlated to TNFR2/NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: MLCK1 high expression can enhance resistance to 5-Fu in colorectal cancer cells and the sensitivity to 5-Fu was increased after knocking down the expression of MLCK1, that might be closely correlated to TNFR2/NF-κB pathway, which will provide a new method for the treatment of colorectal cancer patients who are resistant to 5-Fu chemotherapy.

11.
Biomater Res ; 28: 0028, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715912

RESUMO

The field of immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint blockade (ICB), holds immense potential in mitigating the progression of cancer. However, the challenges of insufficient tumor antigen production and the immunosuppressive state in the tumor microenvironment substantially impede patients from deriving benefits. In this research, we present a tumor-microenvironment-modulation manganese-based nanosystem, PEG-MnMOF@PTX, aiming to improve the responsiveness of ICB. Under acidic conditions, the released Mn2+ accomplishes multiple objectives. It generates toxic hydroxyl radicals (•OH), together with the released paclitaxel (PTX), inducing immunogenic cell death of tumor cells and normalizing tumor blood vessels. Concurrently, it facilitates the in situ generation of oxygen (O2) from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), ameliorating the microenvironmental immunosuppression and increasing the efficacy of immunotherapy. In addition, this study demonstrates that PEG-MnMOF@PTX can promote the maturation of dendritic cells and augment the infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes through activation of the cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate-adenosine 5'-monophosphate synthase (cGAS) and interferon gene stimulator (STING) pathways, namely cGAS-STING pathways, thereby heightening the sensitivity to ICB immunotherapy. The findings of this study present a novel paradigm for the progress in cancer immunotherapy.

12.
Ups J Med Sci ; 1292024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716076

RESUMO

Background: Metastatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is associated with short survival. Other than platinum-based chemotherapy, there is no clear standard regimen. Current guidelines suggest that combination treatment with BRAF-inhibitors should be considered for patients with BRAF V600E-mutated NEC. However, since only eight such patients have been reported in the literature, our object was to confirm the validity of this recommendation. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at Uppsala University Hospital. The included patients 1) had a histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of NEC, 2) were diagnosed between January 1st, 2018 and December 31st, 2023, 3) had tumor tissue genetically screened by a broad next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel, and 4) showed a tumor mutation for which there is a currently available targeted therapy. Results: We screened 48 patients diagnosed with NEC between January 1st, 2018 and December 31st, 2023. Twelve had been analyzed with a broad NGS-panel, and two had a targetable mutation. Both these patients harbored a BRAF V600E-mutated colon-NEC and were treated with BRAF- and MEK-inhibitors dabrafenib and trametinib in second-line. At first radiological evaluation (RECIST 1.1), both patients had a reduction of tumor size, which decreased by 31 and 40%. Both had short response periods, and their overall survival was 12 and 9 months. Conclusions: BRAF-mutated NEC is sensitive to treatment with BRAF- and MEK-inhibitor combination. These results further support that DNA sequencing should be considered as standard of care in NECs to screen for potential treatment targets.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Mutação , Oximas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Piridonas , Pirimidinonas , Humanos , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/genética , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Oximas/uso terapêutico , Oximas/administração & dosagem , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
ACS Omega ; 9(17): 19418-19427, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708200

RESUMO

Clean fracturing fluids are environmentally friendly and could have broad applications in permeability enhancement of coal seams. The hydrophobic chain length of the viscoelastic surfactant (VES) and the mixing of VESs with different ionic types have marked effects on the performance of clean fracturing fluids. This paper analyzes the effects of the hydrocarbon chain length of VES and mixing of VESs with different ion types on the pores of coal and discusses the mechanisms controlling the pore changes from a physical and chemical perspective. We found that the coal samples treated with clean fracturing fluid B had the largest porosity change. Adding two methylene groups to the hydrocarbon chain of the cationic VES will increase clay swelling in coal treated with fracturing fluids. Adding 0.1 wt % cocoamidopropyl betaine (zwitterionic VES) to cationic VES fracturing fluids can reduce the extent of clay expansion induced by fracturing fluids. VES with a long hydrocarbon chain has a strong ability to remove kaolinite in hard coal, and the addition of zwitterion VES increases the ability of a clean fracturing fluid to remove kaolinite. These results provide theoretical guidance for the synthesis of new VES molecules and the design of new fracturing fluid formulations.

14.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723863

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between hyperdense artery sign/susceptibility vessel sign (HAS/SVS) and thrombus composition, and evaluate the effect of HAS/SVS status on the association between first-line thrombectomy techniques and outcomes in patients with acute anterior-circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2018 to June 2021, 103 consecutive acute anterior-circulation LVO patients (75 [63.1%] male; median age, 66 years) who underwent thrombectomy, and for whom the removed clot was available for histological analyses were retrospectively reviewed. The presence of HAS and SVS was respectively assessed in noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI). Association of first-line thrombectomy techniques [stent retriever combined with contact aspiration (SR+CA) versus contact aspiration (CA)] with outcomes was assessed by the HAS/SVS status. RESULTS: Among the included patients, 55 (53.4%) were HAS/SVS(-), and 69 (67.0%) chose first-line SR+CA. Higher relative densities of fibrin/platelets (0.56 vs. 0.51, p<0.001) and lower relative densities of erythrocytes (0.32 vs. 0.42, p<0.001) were observed in HAS/SVS(-) than HAS/SVS(+) patients. First-line SR+CA was associated with reduced odds of distal embolization (aOR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.04-0.83; p=0.027) and a more favorable 90-day functional outcome (aOR, 5.29; 95% CI, 1.06-26.34; p=0.042) in HAS/SVS(-) patients, and a longer recanalization time (53 min vs. 25 min, p=0.025) and higher risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (24.2% vs. 0%, p=0.044) in HAS/SVS(+) patients. CONCLUSIONS: HAS/SVS(-) may indicate a higher density of fibrin/platelets in the thrombus, and first-line SR+CA may have a possible better performance than CA in acute LVO patients without HAS/SVS.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202405620, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709194

RESUMO

Manganese-based layered oxides are currently of significant interest as cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries due to their low toxicity and high specific capacity. However, the practical applications are impeded by sluggish intrinsic Na+ migration and poor structure stability as a result of Jahn-Teller distortion and complicated phase transition. In this study, a high-entropy strategy is proposed to enhance the high-voltage capacity and cycling stability. The designed P2-Na0.67Mn0.6Cu0.08Ni0.09Fe0.18Ti0.05O2 achieves a deeply desodiation and delivers charging capacity of 158.1 mA h g-1 corresponding to 0.61 Na with a high initial Coulombic efficiency of 98.2%. The charge compensation is attributed to the cationic and anionic redox reactions conjunctively. Moreover, the crystal structure is effectively stabilized, leading to a slight variation of lattice parameters. This research carries implications for the expedited development of low-cost, high-energy-density cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1391653, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699445

RESUMO

Background: Childhood trauma exerts enduring impacts on the physical and psychological well-being of individuals in adulthood, influencing their daily functioning. This study aims to investigate the impact of childhood trauma on stress recovery in adults, concentrating on heart rate variations during acute stress exposure. Methods: A cohort of 126 participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) to elicit acute stress, with continuous heart rate (HR) monitoring for stress recovery assessment. Results: The results revealed a negative correlation between childhood trauma and stress recovery, prominently observed in instances of emotional neglect and abuse. Individuals with heightened childhood trauma exhibited protracted stress recovery following acute stress exposure. Conclusion: Childhood traumatic experiences were associated with the recovery from acute stress, as indicated by heart rate indices. These findings contribute to the foundational framework for psychological interventions tailored to individuals with a history of childhood trauma.

17.
Int J Womens Health ; 16: 727-735, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699517

RESUMO

Objective: This study explores the causal relationship between endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). Methods: The study utilized genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets for endometriosis ("finn-b-N14_ENDOMETRIOSIS") and PID ("finn-b-N14_OTHFEMPELINF"). Subsequently, two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses were conducted using inverse variance weighting (IVW), Egger regression (MR-Egger), and weighted median (WM) methods. Heterogeneity was evaluated using Cochran's Q test, and in case of detected outliers, they were removed for re-evaluation of MR causality. Results: From the endometriosis GWAS dataset, 33 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected as instrumental variables. All three methods, IVW (OR = 1.39, P < 1×10-8), MR-Egger (OR = 1.41, P = 0.003), and WM (OR = 1.37, P = 1.16×10-5) confirmed a causal relationship between endometriosis and PID. The association between endometriosis and pelvic inflammation remained unaffected by the exclusion of individual SNPs. Lastly, Cochran's Q test and funnel plots showed no evidence of SNP asymmetry. Conclusion: The results of the MR analysis support a potential causal relationship between endometriosis and an increased risk of PID.

18.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30323, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711632

RESUMO

Background: Prolonged circulatory arrest time is an independent risk factor for postoperative adverse events of type A aortic dissection (TAAD) surgery. Further reduction of the circulatory arrest time is essential to improve surgical outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the novel Sutureless Integrated Stented (SIS) graft prosthesis in an animal experiment. Materials and methods: Straight type of the SIS graft prosthesis was implanted into the descending aorta of 10 adult male sheep, and the use of the device was scored on a scale of 1-10. Aortic digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed at 4, 14, and 26 weeks to investigate the prostheses. After 26 weeks, the animals were sacrificed for histological analysis. Results: The immediate success rate of the surgery was 100 %, and the overall mean score of the use of the device was 9.65 ± 0.99. Three animals died from non-device-related causes during follow-up. Aortic DSA showed filling defects in 5 animals. Histological analysis revealed that all prostheses were intact. Except for 2 early deaths, the other 8 prostheses were endothelialized with mild inflammation, foreign body reactions, and intimal fibrosis. The mean cross-sectional area of the sutureless region was reduced by 26.4 % (range, 1.3-39.1 %). Conclusions: The safety and effectiveness of the novel SIS graft prosthesis were acceptable, and the delivery system exhibited a promising performance. Using the SIS graft prosthesis in TAAD surgery was expected to simplify the procedures and shorten the circulatory arrest time. Further large-scale clinical trials are required to verify these findings.

19.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 118, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702343

RESUMO

Antitumor therapies based on adoptively transferred T cells or oncolytic viruses have made significant progress in recent years, but the limited efficiency of their infiltration into solid tumors makes it difficult to achieve desired antitumor effects when used alone. In this study, an oncolytic virus (rVSV-LCMVG) that is not prone to induce virus-neutralizing antibodies was designed and combined with adoptively transferred T cells. By transforming the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment into an immunosensitive one, in B16 tumor-bearing mice, combination therapy showed superior antitumor effects than monotherapy. This occurred whether the OV was administered intratumorally or intravenously. Combination therapy significantly increased cytokine and chemokine levels within tumors and recruited CD8+ T cells to the TME to trigger antitumor immune responses. Pretreatment with adoptively transferred T cells and subsequent oncolytic virotherapy sensitizes refractory tumors by boosting T-cell recruitment, down-regulating the expression of PD-1, and restoring effector T-cell function. To offer a combination therapy with greater translational value, mRNA vaccines were introduced to induce tumor-specific T cells instead of adoptively transferred T cells. The combination of OVs and mRNA vaccine also displays a significant reduction in tumor burden and prolonged survival. This study proposed a rational combination therapy of OVs with adoptive T-cell transfer or mRNA vaccines encoding tumor-associated antigens, in terms of synergistic efficacy and mechanism.


Assuntos
Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Vírus Oncolíticos , Animais , Camundongos , Vírus Oncolíticos/genética , Vírus Oncolíticos/imunologia , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Vacinas de mRNA/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/terapia , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem
20.
Opt Lett ; 49(9): 2369-2372, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691721

RESUMO

Perfluorinated acrylate polymer materials exhibit low absorption loss at 1310 and 1550 nm, but molecular oxygen inhibits their photocuring. We propose a novel, to our knowledge, UV photolithography method incorporating a pre-exposure process for fabricating low-loss perfluorinated acrylate polymer waveguides. During the pre-exposure process, a partially cured thin layer forms on the core layer, effectively overcoming oxygen inhibition in subsequent lithography. Furthermore, the functional group contents of the polymerized materials were characterized by a Raman spectrometer to analyze the development reaction under the pre-exposure layer. Utilizing this improved method, we fabricated a straight waveguide with a length of 21 cm. The experiments showed that the propagation losses are 0.14 dB/cm at 1310 nm and 0.51 dB/cm at 1550 nm. The inter-channel cross talk for a core pitch of 250 µm was measured as low as -49 dB at 1310 nm. Error-free NRZ data transmission over this waveguide at 25 Gb/s was achieved, showcasing the potential in optical interconnect and communication applications.

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