Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.106
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3884, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719909

RESUMO

Only a minority of cancer patients benefit from immune checkpoint blockade therapy. Sophisticated cross-talk among different immune checkpoint pathways as well as interaction pattern of immune checkpoint molecules carried on circulating small extracellular vesicles (sEV) might contribute to the low response rate. Here we demonstrate that PD-1 and CD80 carried on immunocyte-derived sEVs (I-sEV) induce an adaptive redistribution of PD-L1 in tumour cells. The resulting decreased cell membrane PD-L1 expression and increased sEV PD-L1 secretion into the circulation contribute to systemic immunosuppression. PD-1/CD80+ I-sEVs also induce downregulation of adhesion- and antigen presentation-related molecules on tumour cells and impaired immune cell infiltration, thereby converting tumours to an immunologically cold phenotype. Moreover, synchronous analysis of multiple checkpoint molecules, including PD-1, CD80 and PD-L1, on circulating sEVs distinguishes clinical responders from those patients who poorly respond to anti-PD-1 treatment. Altogether, our study shows that sEVs carry multiple inhibitory immune checkpoints proteins, which form a potentially targetable adaptive loop to suppress antitumour immunity.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-1 , Antígeno B7-H1 , Vesículas Extracelulares , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Humanos , Antígeno B7-1/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Animais , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Tolerância Imunológica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Masculino , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
2.
Microbiome ; 12(1): 83, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fungi and bacteria coexist in a wide variety of environments, and their interactions are now recognized as the norm in most agroecosystems. These microbial communities harbor keystone taxa, which facilitate connectivity between fungal and bacterial communities, influencing their composition and functions. The roots of most plants are associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, which develop dense networks of hyphae in the soil. The surface of these hyphae (called the hyphosphere) is the region where multiple interactions with microbial communities can occur, e.g., exchanging or responding to each other's metabolites. However, the presence and importance of keystone taxa in the AM fungal hyphosphere remain largely unknown. RESULTS: Here, we used in vitro and pot cultivation systems of AM fungi to investigate whether certain keystone bacteria were able to shape the microbial communities growing in the hyphosphere and potentially improved the fitness of the AM fungal host. Based on various AM fungi, soil leachates, and synthetic microbial communities, we found that under organic phosphorus (P) conditions, AM fungi could selectively recruit bacteria that enhanced their P nutrition and competed with less P-mobilizing bacteria. Specifically, we observed a privileged interaction between the isolate Streptomyces sp. D1 and AM fungi of the genus Rhizophagus, where (1) the carbon compounds exuded by the fungus were acquired by the bacterium which could mineralize organic P and (2) the in vitro culturable bacterial community residing on the surface of hyphae was in part regulated by Streptomyces sp. D1, primarily by inhibiting the bacteria with weak P-mineralizing ability, thereby enhancing AM fungi to acquire P. CONCLUSIONS: This work highlights the multi-functionality of the keystone bacteria Streptomyces sp. D1 in fungal-bacteria and bacterial-bacterial interactions at the hyphal surface of AM fungi. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Hifas , Microbiota , Micorrizas , Raízes de Plantas , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Micorrizas/classificação , Streptomyces/classificação , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/fisiologia , Hifas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Fósforo/metabolismo , Interações Microbianas/fisiologia , Solo/química , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo
3.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30550, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726169

RESUMO

Background: The slash disposal-burning forest-in high-intensity management Eucalyptus grandis × urophylla plantation has accelerated soil degradation. Statement of the problem: Slash disposals is a contributing factor, but its specific role in the correlation between rainfall-runoff and soil erosion remains elusive. Objectives: his study investigated the characteristics of rainfall-runoff and soil erosion resistance in different methods of slash disposals in plantation. Methods: Three methods of slash disposal, namely burning forest (BF), moving away (MA), and spreading evenly (SE), were established. A field simulation experiment of rainfall was conducted, and path analysis was used. Results: The findings revealed that the water holding, infiltrating properties and the time the rainfall-runoff generated of SE were increased by approximately 10∼20 %, 100 %, and 80 %, respectively, compared with BF and MA. Water loss, soil loss and nutrient loss were significantly reduced by 62.23 % and 61.56 %, 69.06 % and 49.55 %, and 58.8 % and 65.42 % in SE and BF compared to MA. Path analysis suggested that different from BF and MA, the correlation between soil water properties and rainfall-runoff factors in SE was weakened, simultaneously considering the result that SE had the lower proportions of silt for sediment component (75.31 %), it stabilized the soil structure. Conclusions and prospect: Consequently, SE mitigated the erosion force by reducing rainfall-runoff and enhancing the anti-erosion of soil through improved water properties, making it a viable slash disposal. This work provides a detailed description of the soil erosion characteristics of plantation, including water, soil, and nutrient losses caused by rainfall-runoff, as well as the soil anti-erosion due to different slash disposals. These findings offer valuable insights for the management of high-intensity Eucalyptus grandis × urophylla plantations.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 575, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors of cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(HSIL) complicated with occult cervical cancer and standardize the management of initial treatment for HSIL. METHOD: The clinical data of patients who underwent total hysterectomy directly due to HSIL in the obstetrics and gynecology department of two tertiary hospitals and three secondary hospitals from 2018 to 2023 were collected. Their general characteristics, pathological parameters and survival status were analyzed. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between clinical parameters and postoperative pathological upgrading. RESULT: 1. Among the 314 patients with HSIL who underwent total hysterectomy directly, 73.2% were from primary hospitals. 2. 25 patients (7.9%) were pathologically upgraded to cervical cancer, all of which were early invasive cancer. 3. Up to now, there was no recurrence or death in the 25 patients with early-stage invasive cancer, and the median follow-up period was 21 months(range 2-59 months). 4. Glandular involvement(OR 3.968; 95%CI 1.244-12.662) and lesion range ≥ 3 quadrants (OR 6.527; 95% CI 1.78-23.931), HPV 16/18 infection (OR 5.382; 95%CI 1.947-14.872), TCT ≥ ASC-H (OR 4.719; 95%CI 1.892-11.766) were independent risk factors that affected the upgrading of postoperative pathology. 5. The area under the curve (AUC) calculated by the Logistic regression model was 0.840, indicating that the predictive value was good. CONCLUSION: There is a risk of occult cervical cancer in patients with HSIL. Glandular involvement, Lesion range ≥ 3 quadrants, HPV 16/18 infection and TCT ≥ ASC-H are independent risk factors for HSIL combined with occult cervical cancer. The prognosis of biopsy-proved HSIL patients who underwent extrafascial hysterectomy and unexpected early invasive cancer was later identified on specimen may be good.


Assuntos
Histerectomia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Histerectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/cirurgia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/cirurgia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/patologia , Gradação de Tumores
5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1351568, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689767

RESUMO

Introduction: Physical and mental health problems among pilots affect their working state and impact flight safety. Although pilots' physical and mental health problems have become increasingly prominent, their health has not been taken seriously. This study aimed to clarify challenges and support needs related to psychological and physical health among pilots to inform development of a more scientific and comprehensive physical and mental health system for civil aviation pilots. Methods: This qualitative study recruited pilots from nine civil aviation companies. Focus group interviews via an online conference platform were conducted in August 2022. Colaizzi analysis was used to derive themes from the data and explore pilots' experiences, challenges, and support needs. Results: The main sub-themes capturing pilots' psychological and physical health challenges were: (1) imbalance between family life and work; (2) pressure from assessment and physical examination eligibility requirements; (3) pressure from worries about being infected with COVID-19; (4) nutrition deficiency during working hours; (5) changes in eating habits because of the COVID-19 pandemic; (6) sleep deprivation; (7) occupational diseases; (8) lack of support from the company in coping with stress; (9) pilots' yearly examination standards; (10) support with sports equipment; (11) respecting planned rest time; and (12) isolation periods. Discussion: The interviewed pilots experienced major psychological pressure from various sources, and their physical health condition was concerning. We offer several suggestions that could be addressed to improve pilots' physical and mental health. However, more research is needed to compare standard health measures for pilots around the world in order to improve their physical and mental health and contribute to overall aviation safety.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Grupos Focais , Pilotos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pilotos/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Saúde Mental , Nível de Saúde , Adaptação Psicológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Saúde Ocupacional
6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 351, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with a high lifetime prevalence rate among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Obesity may be one of the risk factors for depressive symptoms, but there is currently no consensus on this view. Therefore, we investigate the relationship and predictive ability of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices with depressive symptoms among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: The data were obtained from The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Our analysis includes individuals who did not have depressive symptoms at the baseline of the CHARLS Wave 2011 study and were successfully follow-up in 2013 and 2015. Finally, 3790 participants were included in the short-term (from 2011 to 2013), and 3660 participants were included in the long-term (from 2011 to 2015). The average age of participants in short-term and long-term was 58.47 years and 57.88 years. The anthropometric indicators used in this analysis included non-invasive [e.g. waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), and a body mass index (ABSI)], and invasive anthropometric indicators [e.g. lipid accumulation product (LAP), triglyceride glucose index (TyG index), and its-related indices (e.g. TyG-BMI, and TyG-WC)]. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to examine the predictive ability of various indicators for depressive symptoms. The association of depressive symptoms with various indicators was calculated using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The overall incidence of depressive symptoms was 20.79% in the short-term and 27.43% in the long-term. In males, WC [AUC = 0.452], LAP [AUC = 0.450], and TyG-WC [AUC = 0.451] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the short-term (P < 0.05). In females, BMI [AUC = 0.468], LAP [AUC = 0.468], and TyG index [AUC = 0.466] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the long-term (P < 0.05). However, ABSI cannot predict depressive symptoms in males and females during both periods (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The research indicates that in the middle-aged and elderly Chinese, most obesity- and lipid-related indices have statistical significance in predicting depressive symptoms, but the accuracy of these indicators in prediction is relatively low and may not be practical predictors.


Assuntos
Depressão , Obesidade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/sangue , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal , Lipídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura , População do Leste Asiático
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731985

RESUMO

The effect of UV-B radiation exposure on transgenerational plasticity, the phenomenon whereby the parental environment influences both the parent's and the offspring's phenotype, is poorly understood. To investigate the impact of exposing successive generations of rice plants to UV-B radiation on seed morphology and proanthocyanidin content, the local traditional rice variety 'Baijiaolaojing' was planted on terraces in Yuanyang county and subjected to enhanced UV-B radiation treatments. The radiation intensity that caused the maximum phenotypic plasticity (7.5 kJ·m-2) was selected for further study, and the rice crops were cultivated for four successive generations. The results show that in the same generation, enhanced UV-B radiation resulted in significant decreases in grain length, grain width, spike weight, and thousand-grain weight, as well as significant increases in empty grain percentage and proanthocyanidin content, compared with crops grown under natural light conditions. Proanthocyanidin content increased as the number of generations of rice exposed to radiation increased, but in generation G3, it decreased, along with the empty grain ratio. At the same time, biomass, tiller number, and thousand-grain weight increased, and rice growth returned to control levels. When the offspring's radiation memory and growth environment did not match, rice growth was negatively affected, and seed proanthocyanidin content was increased to maintain seed activity. The correlation analysis results show that phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL), cinnamate-4-hydroxylase (C4H), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), and 4-coumarate:CoA ligase (4CL) enzyme activity positively influenced proanthocyanidin content. Overall, UV-B radiation affected transgenerational plasticity in seed morphology and proanthocyanidin content, showing that rice was able to adapt to this stressor if previous generations had been continuously exposed to treatment.


Assuntos
Oryza , Proantocianidinas , Raios Ultravioleta , Proantocianidinas/metabolismo , Oryza/efeitos da radiação , Oryza/metabolismo , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/efeitos da radiação , Sementes/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/efeitos da radiação , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Fenótipo
8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 246: 116206, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733762

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke, accounting for 80 % of all strokes, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, effective and safe pharmacotherapy options for ischemic injury are limited. This study investigated the therapeutic effects of wogonoside, a compound derived from Radix Scutellariae, on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The results showed that wogonoside treatment had significant therapeutic effects in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion. It effectively reduced mortality rates, neurological deficits, cerebral infarct size, and brain water content. In an in vitro model using PC12 cells, wogonoside activated the Nrf2/Sirt3 signaling pathway. This activation contributed to the attenuation of oxidative damage and inflammation. Metabolomics analysis revealed increased levels of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutathione in response to wogonoside treatment, suggesting their potential as therapeutic biomarkers for ischemic stroke. Additionally, wogonoside restored perturbed energy metabolism, including the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Wogonoside has the potential to ameliorate cerebral ischemic injury by targeting GABA-related amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, and glutathione metabolism, maintaining redox homeostasis, and attenuating oxidative stress. These findings provide valuable insights into the protective mechanisms of wogonoside in cerebral I/R injury and highlight the promising therapeutic approach of wogonoside in the treatment of ischemic stroke.

9.
J Cancer ; 15(10): 2900-2912, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706900

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignancy with early detection being crucial for survival. Liquid biopsy analysis using cell-free nucleic acid is a preferred method for detection. Hence, we conducted a systematic review to assess the diagnostic efficacy of cell-free nucleic acid markers for GC. Methods: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases for articles that conformed to our inclusion and exclusion criteria from 2012 to 2022. The following information was abstracted: first author, year of publication, country/region, age, male proportion, tumor stage for cases, specimen type, measurement method, targeted markers and diagnostic related indicators (including sensitivity, specificity, AUC, P-value). Results: Fifty-eight studies examined cell-free RNAs (cfRNAs) with a total of 62 individual circulating markers and 7 panels in serum or plasma, while 21 studies evaluated cell-free DNAs (cfDNAs) with 29 individual circulating markers and 7 panels. For individual cfRNAs, the median (range) sensitivity and specificity were 80% (21% - 98%) and 80% (54% - 99%), respectively. The median (range) sensitivity and specificity for cfRNA panels were 86% (83% - 90%) and 75% (60% - 98%), respectively. In comparison, the median (range) sensitivity and specificity reported for individual cfDNAs were 50% (18% - 96%) and 93% (57% - 100%), respectively, while cfDNA panels had a median (range) sensitivity and specificity of 85% (41% - 92%) and 73.5% (38% - 90%), respectively. The meta results indicate that cfRNA markers exhibit high sensitivity (80%) and low specificity (80%) for detecting GC, while cfDNA markers have lower sensitivity (59%) but higher specificity (92%). Conclusions: This review has demonstrated that cell-free nucleic acids have the potential to serve as useful diagnostic markers for GC. Given that both cfRNA and cfDNA markers have shown promising diagnostic performance for GC, the combination of the two may potentially enhance diagnostic efficiency.

10.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1382384, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746004

RESUMO

Objective: Frailty and activities of daily living (ADL) disability are common conditions among older population. Studies on the bidirectional relationship between frailty and ADL are limited. The current study examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between frailty and ADL in middle-aged and older Chinese individuals. Methods: The data was collected through the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), conducted in 2011, 2013, and 2015, encompassing 17,284 individuals aged ≥45 years. We excluded individuals without follow-up data. 2,631 participants finished the baseline survey. The definition of ADL disability encompasses difficulty in engaging in either basic activities of daily living (BADL) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Frailty was assessed according to the Fried criteria. Logistic regression was utilized to examine odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for assessing the cross-sectional relationships between ADL with frailty at baseline. The prediction effects were explored using Cox proportional hazards analysis, testing hazard ratios (HRs) and 95%CIs. Results: In cross-sectional analysis, BADL [OR = 6.660 (4.519-9.815)], IADL [OR = 5.950 (4.490-7.866)], and ADL [OR = 5.658 (4.278-7.483)] exhibited significant associations with frailty; frailty demonstrated significant associations with BADL [OR = 6.741 (4.574-9.933)], IADL [OR = 6.042 (4.555-8.016)] and ADL [OR = 5.735 (4.333-7.591)]. In longitudinal analysis, IADL and ADL were significantly associated with frailty in participants without baseline frailty in the short-term period [IADL: HR = 1.971 (1.150-3.379), ADL: HR = 1.920 (1.146-3.215)], IADL exhibited a significant association with frailty in the long-term period [HR = 2.056 (1.085-3.895)]. There was no significant link observed between frailty and an elevated risk of disability onset in BADL, IADL and ADL during the short-term period. When considering the long-term perspective, frailty exhibited a significant association with an elevated risk of disability onset in BADL [HR= 1.820 (1.126-2.939)] and IADL [HR = 1.724 (1.103-2.694)]. Conclusion: In middle-aged and older adults, ADL and IADL disability predicted frailty after 2-year follow-up, IADL disability predicted frailty after 4-year follow-up. Moreover, frailty did not predict BADL, IADL and ADL disability after 2-year follow-up. However, frailty predicted BADL and IADL disability after 4-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , População do Leste Asiático
11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407025, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742866

RESUMO

The adsorbate-mediated strong metal-support interaction (A-SMSI) offers a reversible means of altering the selectivity of supported metal catalysts, thereby providing a powerful tool for facile modulation of catalytic performance. However, the fundamental understanding of A-SMSI remains inadequate and methods for tuning A-SMSI are still in their nascent stages, impeding its stabilization under reaction conditions. Here, we report that the initial concentration of oxygen vacancy in oxide supports plays a key role in tuning the A-SMSI between Ru nanoparticles and defected titania (TiO2-x). Based on this new understanding, we demonstrate the in-situ formation of A-SMSI under reaction conditions, obviating the typically required CO2-rich pretreatment. The as-formed A-SMSI layer exhibits remarkable stability at various temperatures, enabling excellent activity, selectivity and long-term stability in catalyzing the reverse water gas-shift reaction. This study deepens the understanding of the A-SMSI and the ability to stabilize A-SMSI under reaction conditions represents a key step for practical catalytic applications.

12.
Oncogene ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744954

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most prevalent types of cancer. Ubiquitination is crucial in modulating cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis in cancer. The frequency of TP53 mutations in LUAD is approximately 50%. Currently, therapeutic targets for wild-type (WT) p53-expressing LUAD are limited. In the present study, we systemically explored the expression of ubiquitin-specific protease genes using public datasets. Then, we focused on ubiquitin-specific protease 54 (USP54), and explored its prognostic significance in LUAD patients using public datasets, analyses, and an independent cohort from our center. We found that the expression of USP54 was lower in LUAD tissues compared with that in the paracancerous tissues. Low USP54 expression levels were linked to a malignant phenotype and worse survival in patients with LUAD. The results of functional experiments revealed that up-regulation of USP54 suppressed LUAD cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. USP54 directly interacted with p53 protein and the levels of ubiquitinated p53 were inversely related to USP54 levels, consistent with a role of USP54 in deubiquitinating p53 in p53-WT LUAD cells. Moreover, up-regulation of the USP54 expression inhibited aerobic glycolysis in LUAD cells. Importantly, we confirmed that USP54 inhibited aerobic glycolysis and the growth of tumor cells by a p53-mediated decrease in glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) expression in p53-WT LUAD cells. Altogether, we determined a novel mechanism of survival in the p53-WT LUAD cells to endure the malnourished tumor microenvironment and provided insights into the role of USP54 in the adaptation of p53-WT LUAD cells to metabolic stress.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10901, 2024 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740846

RESUMO

To investigate the screening and predicting functions of obesity- and lipid-related indices for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese, as well as the ideal predicted cut-off value. This study's data comes from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A cross-sectional study design was used to investigate the relationship of T2D and 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), visceral adiposity index (VAI), a body shape index (ABSI), body roundness index (BRI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), conicity index (CI), Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI), triglyceride- glucose index (TyG index) and its correlation index (TyG-BMI, TyG-WC, TyG-WHtR). The unadjusted and adjusted correlations between 13 indices and T2D were assessed using binary logistic regression analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the usefulness of anthropometric indices for screening for T2D and determining their cut­off value, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). The study comprised 9488 people aged 45 years or above in total, of whom 4354 (45.89%) were males and 5134 (54.11%) were females. Among them were 716 male cases of T2D (16.44%) and 870 female cases of T2D (16.95%). A total of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices were independently associated with T2D risk after adjusted for confounding factors (P < 0.05). According to ROC analysis, the TyG index was the best predictor of T2D among males (AUC = 0.780, 95% CI 0.761, 0.799) and females (AUC = 0.782, 95% CI 0.764, 0.799). The AUC values of the 13 indicators were higher than 0.5, indicating that they have predictive values for T2D in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. The 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices can predict the risk of T2D in middle­aged and elderly Chinese. Among 13 indicators, the TyG index is the best predictor of T2D in both males and females. TyG-WC, TyG-BMI, TyG-WHtR, LAP, and CVAI all outperformed BMI, WC, and WHtR in predicting T2D.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Circunferência da Cintura , Curva ROC , Lipídeos/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , População do Leste Asiático
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132091, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718990

RESUMO

Here, lignin and nano-clay were used to prepare novel composite adsorbents by one-step carbonization without adding activators for radioactive iodine capture. Specially, 1D nano-clay such as halloysite (Hal), palygorskite (Pal) and sepiolite (Sep) were selected as skeleton components, respectively, enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (EHL) as carbon source, lignin based porous carbon/nano-clay composites (ELC-X) were prepared through ultrasonic impregnation, freeze drying, and carbonization. Characterization results indicated lignin based porous carbon (ELC) well coated on the surface of nano-clay, and made its surface areas increase to 252 m2/g. These composites appeared the micro-mesoporous hierarchical structure, considerable N doping and good chemical stability. Results of adsorption experiments showed that the introduction of ELC could well promote iodine vapor uptake of nano-clay, and up to 435.0 mg/g. Meanwhile, the synergistic effect between lignin based carbon and nano-clay was very significant for the adsorption of iodine/n-hexane and iodine ions, their capacity were far exceed those of a single material, respectively. The relevant adsorption kinetic and thermodynamics, and mechanism of ELC-X composites were clarified. This work provided a class of low-cost and environmentally friendly adsorbents for radioactive iodine capture, and opened up ideas for the comprehensive utilization of waste lignin and natural clay minerals.

15.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18754, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis and atherosclerosis are chronic inflammatory diseases characterized by leukocyte infiltration. We investigated the expression of CCL4, CCR5, c-Jun, c-Fos, NF-κB, and CCL2 as well as the possible mechanism involved in the regulation of CCL2 in human periodontitis tissues and atherosclerotic aorta based on previous research on the CCL4/CCR5/c-Jun and c-Fos/CCL2 pathway leading to CCL2 expression in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat. METHODS: Sixty-five volunteers were recruited and the condition of their gingiva and coronary arteries were assessed. The subjects were divided into four groups: healthy control, chronic periodontitis (CP), coronary artery diseases (CAD), and noncoronary artery diseases (non-CAD). Total RNA was isolated from gingiva in periodontitis patients and control populations and from the aorta in patients with and without CAD. PCR was used to examine CCL4, CCR5, c-Jun, c-Fos, NF-κB, and CCL2 levels. The production of CCL2 in the gingiva and aorta was analyzed by immunostaining. RESULTS: PCR revealed that CCL4, CCR5, and CCL2 mRNA levels were increased in CP patients' gingivae and aortas from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients. Marked c-Jun, c-Fos, and NF-κB gene productions were detected in CP patients' gingivae but did not show statistical differences between the CAD and non-CAD groups. Stronger immunoreactivity against CCL2 was observed in periodontitis gingiva and aorta from CABG patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the CCL4/CCR5/c-Jun and c-Fos/CCL2 pathways may be involved in CCL2 expression in periodontitis. CCL4, CCR5, and CCL2 might act as possible nodes to link the presence of periodontitis and atherosclerosis.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10220, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702424

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to determine whether changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese are associated with metabolic syndrome. In this cohort investigation, 3697 middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 or over were recruited from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (2005) defined metabolic syndrome (MetS). With Cox regression analysis, we calculated hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for MetS based on BMI-WC change categories. To assess the prevalence of MetS, the changes in BMI and WC levels were classified into four quartiles based on their relative and absolute changes. In subjects whose BMI and WC decreased (HR = 0.338; 95% CIs 0.264, 0.433) as well as those whose BMI increased and their WC decreased (HR = 0.375; 95% CIs 0.228, 0.499), metabolic syndrome risk was significantly lower compared with those with increases in both BMI and WC. Regarding the absolute changes in BMI, the lowest percentile of BMI was significantly lower in both males (HR = 0.302; 95% CIs 0.204, 0.448) and females (HR = 0.486; 95% CIs 0.354, 0.667) for the risk of metabolic syndrome. Similar results were observed in the absolute changes in WC, with the lowest quantile of WC having a significant impact on MetS risk in males (HR = 0.170; 95% CIs 0.107, 0.270) and females (HR = 0.303; 95% CIs 0.217, 0.424). The risk of metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with changes in BMI and WC in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. A reduced BMI and WC are associated with lower metabolic syndrome risks in middle-aged and elderly people.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Síndrome Metabólica , Circunferência da Cintura , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência , Povo Asiático , População do Leste Asiático
18.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709246

RESUMO

The immunosuppressive microenvironment of cervical cancer significantly hampers the effectiveness of immunotherapy. Herein, PEGylated manganese-doped calcium sulfide nanoparticles (MCSP) were developed to effectively enhance the antitumor immune response of the cervical cancer through gas-amplified metalloimmunotherapy with dual activation of pyroptosis and STING pathway. The bioactive MCSP exhibited the ability to rapidly release Ca2+, Mn2+, and H2S in response to the tumor microenvironment. H2S disrupted the calcium buffer system of cancer cells by interfering with the oxidative phosphorylation pathway, leading to calcium overload-triggered pyroptosis. On the other hand, H2S-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction further promoted the release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), enhancing the activation effect of Mn2+ on the cGAS-STING signaling axis and thereby activating immunosuppressed dendritic cells. The released H2S acted as an important synergist between Mn2+ and Ca2+ by modulating dual signaling mechanisms to bridge innate and adaptive immune responses. The combination of MCSP NPs and PD-1 immunotherapy achieved synergistic antitumor effects and effectively inhibited tumor growth. This study reveals the potential collaboration between H2S gas therapy and metalloimmunotherapy and provides an idea for the design of nanoimmunomodulators for rational regulation of the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment.

19.
Theor Appl Genet ; 137(6): 119, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709271

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A candidate gene TaSP1 related to spike shape was cloned, and the gene-specific marker was developed to efficiently track the superior haplotype in common wheat. Spike shape, an important factor that affects wheat grain yield, is mainly defined by spike length (SPL), spikelet number (SPN), and compactness. Zhoumai32 mutant 1160 (ZM1160), a mutant obtained from ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) treatment of hexaploid wheat variety Zhoumai32, was used to identify and clone the candidate gene that conditioned the spike shape. Genetic analysis of an F2 population derived from a cross of ZM1160 and Bainong207 suggested that the compact spike shape in ZM1160 was controlled by a single recessive gene, and therefore, the mutated gene was designated as Tasp1. With polymorphic markers identified through bulked segregant analysis (BSA), the gene was mapped to a 2.65-cM interval flanked by markers YZU0852 and MIS46239 on chromosome 7D, corresponding to a 0.42-Mb physical interval of Chinese spring (CS) reference sequences (RefSeq v1.0). To fine map TaSP1, 15 and seven recombinants were, respectively, screened from 1599 and 1903 F3 plants derived from the heterozygous F2 plants. Finally, TaSP1 was delimited to a 21.9 Kb (4,870,562 to 4,892,493 bp) Xmis48123-Xmis48104 interval. Only one high-confidence gene TraesCS7D02G010200 was annotated in this region, which encodes an unknown protein with a putative vWA domain. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that TraesCS7D02G010200 was mainly expressed in the spike. Haplotype analysis of 655 wheat cultivars using the candidate gene-specific marker Xg010200p2 identified a superior haplotype TaSP1b with longer spike and more spikelet number. TaSP1 is beneficial to the improvement in wheat spike shape.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Clonagem Molecular , Metanossulfonato de Etila , Genes de Plantas , Mutação , Fenótipo , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Marcadores Genéticos , Haplótipos , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética
20.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101396, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699585

RESUMO

With the proliferation of the consumer's awareness of wine provenance, wines with unique origin characteristics are increasingly in demand. This study aimed to investigate the influence of geographical origins and climatological characteristics on grapes and wines. A total of 94 anthocyanins and 78 non-anthocyanin phenolic compounds in grapes and wines from five Chinese viticultural vineyards (CJ, WH, QTX, WW, and XY) were identified by UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS. Chemometric methods PCA and OPLS-DA were established to select candidate differential metabolites, including flavonols, stilbenes, hydroxycinnamic acids, peonidin derivatives, and malvidin derivatives. CCA showed that malvidin-3-O-glucoside had a positive correlation with mean temperature, and quercetin-3-O-glucoside had a negative correlation with precipitation. In addition, enrichment analysis elucidated that the metabolic diversity in different origins mainly occurred in flavonoid biosynthesis. This study would provide some new insights to understand the effect of geographical origins and climatological characteristics on phenolic compounds in grapes and wines.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...