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1.
Waste Manag ; 135: 70-78, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478950

RESUMO

A better understanding of the waste of end-of-life batteries from electric vehicles (EVs) is a basis for their sustainable management. This study aims to estimate the waste of end-of-life EV batteries during 2006-2040 in China and to analyze the opportunities and challenges of subsequent utilization, based on a developed numerical model, real market data, and elaborately developed scenarios. The result shows that end-of-life batteries would increase from 0.1 to 7.8 thousand tons during 2012-2018, and then to 1500-3300 thousand tons in 2040. Of the waste streams, around 50% are estimated to be metal materials, representing great opportunities for battery recycling for material recovery. Economically, battery recycling for energy storage is estimated to create more economic benefits compared with that for material recovery solely (147.8 versus 76.9 billion US dollars). However, the supply of end-of-life batteries can hardly meet the demand for renewable energy storage in the near future, and a spatial mismatch of the supply and demand of energy storage capacity exists between the eastern and western regions in China. Accordingly, this study highlights national coordination for the rational layout of the collection, disassembly, and remanufacture facilities for the second use of end-of-life EV batteries in China.

2.
Neurotoxicology ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508789

RESUMO

Carbon black (CB) has been demonstrated to have adverse effects on the lung tissue. Few studies explored the effects of CB on the cerebellum, widely recognized to contribute to gait and balance coordination and timing in the motor domain. Some studies have reported that inflammatory response and damaged autophagy are important mechanisms of CB toxicity and can be repaired after the recovery. The present study aimed to determine whether long-term CB exposure could induce the inflammation and damaged autophagy of the cerebellum. The rats were randomly divided into four groups. The control group received the filtered air for 90 days; the carbon black (CB) group received CB particles for 90 days; the recovery (R) group received CB for 90 days and recovered for another 14 days; the recovery control (RC) group received filtered air for 104 days. The purpose of the R group was to test whether neuroinflammation and autophagy could be repaired after short-term recovery. The western blot and immunohistochemistry revealed that long-term CB exposure induced augmented level of pro-inflammatory cytokines (Interleukin-1ß, IL-1ß; Interleukin-6, IL-6; and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokine (Interleukin-10, IL-10). The autophagic markers (Beclin1 and LC3) were increased in both CB group and R group. These findings clearly demonstrated that long-term CB exposure induced inflammation and autophagy in the cerebellum, which were not obviously changed after short-term recovery.

3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 9946015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497666

RESUMO

It is urgent to identify novel biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and to understand the mechanisms regulating the tumorigenesis for PCa treatment. In this study, GSE17951 and TCGA were used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Our study demonstrated that 1533 genes with increased expression and 2301 genes with decreased expression in PCa. Bioinformatics analysis data indicated that these up-regulated genes had an association with the modulation of mitotic nuclear division, sister chromatid cohesion, cell division, and cell cycle. Additionally, our results revealed downregulated genes took part in modulating extracellular matrix organization, angiogenesis, signal transduction, and Ras signaling pathway. Hub upregulated and downregulated PPI networks were identified by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and MCODE analysis. Of note, 12 cell cycle regulators, comprising CCNB1, CCNB2, PLK1, TTK, AURKA, CDC20, BUB1, PTTG1, CDC45, CDC25C, CCNA2, and BUB1B, were demonstrated to function crucially in PCa development. By detecting their expression in PCa cell lines, we confirmed that these cell cycle regulator expressions were heightened in PCa cells. GEPIA databases analysis showed that higher expression of these cell cycle regulators was correlated to shorter disease-free survival (DFS) time in PCa samples. Our findings collectively suggested targeting cell cycle pathways may offer novel prognosis and treatment biomarkers for PCa.

4.
Clin Respir J ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505348

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adenovirus pneumonia is not uncommon in children and immunocompromised patients. However, the study of the clinical and computed tomography (CT) characteristics of Adenovirus pneumonia in immunocompetent adults is still limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to retrospectively observe the clinical and CT characteristics as well as their dynamic change of Adenovirus pneumonia in immunocompetent adults. METHODS: Twenty patients (18 males, median age, 36 years old) with Adenovirus pneumonia were retrospectively included from January 2018 to December 2019. Clinical information and chest CT at admission of all patients were reviewed. Twelve patients underwent serial CT scans, and the temporal changes of CT findings were summarized. Pneumonia severity index (PSI) was calculated according to clinical information. RESULTS: The median time interval from illness onset to admission was 6 days (interquartile range [IQR], 5-7.5 days). The clinical characteristics included the high fever (39.2 ± 0.8°C) with the normal white blood cell count, the decreased lymphocyte, and elevated C-reactive protein. Ten cases complicated with mycoplasma infection at admission. Thirteen patients were mechanically ventilated, and two patients died during hospitalization. Consolidation was a predominant pattern found during the first 2 weeks and then resolved to minimal consolidation after the fourth week. There was no significant correlation between CT score and PSI score (r = 0.15, p = 0.41). CONCLUSIONS: Predominant radiological finding of Adenovirus pneumonia was consolidation. Multilobular involvement, higher CT scores, and pleural effusion were found in more severe patients. The abnormal opacity peaked in 2 weeks of illness onset and gradually resolved after the third week. The temporal changes of radiological score are consistent with clinical findings.

5.
Int J Oncol ; 59(4)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476495

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with a poor prognosis in elderly adults and currently lacks optimal treatment strategies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have increasingly been reported to be associated with AML progression; however, the mechanisms of action of miR­93 in AML with the involvement of disabled 2 (DAB2) are currently unknown. In the present study, miR­93 expression was assessed in patients with AML and in AML cell lines. The association between miR­93 expression and the pathological characteristics of patients with AML was analyzed. AML cells were then transfected to knockdown or overexpress miR­93 in order to elucidate its function in AML progression. The target gene of miR­93 was assessed using a dual­luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression levels of miR­93, DAB2 and phosphatidylinositol 3­kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway­related proteins were measured and in vivo experiments were conducted to confirm the results. It was observed that miR­93 was highly expressed in patients with AML and in AML cells. The knockdown of miR­93 in HL­60 cells inhibited AML cell proliferation and resistance to apoptosis, while the overexpression of miR­93 in THP­1 cells led to contrasting results. Moreover, miR­93 targeted DAB2 to inactivate the PI3K/AKT pathway, and the overexpression of DAB2 reversed the effects of miR­93 on THP­1 cell growth. Tumor volume, tumor weight, and the positive expression of Ki67, survivin and p53 were increased in THP­1 cells overexpressing miR­93. On the whole, the present study demonstrates that miR­93 is highly expressed in AML cells, and that the suppression of miR­93 inhibits AML cell growth by targeting DAB2 and inhibiting the PI3K/AKT pathway.

6.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 337, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489403

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 has been reported to show a capacity for invading the brains of humans and model animals. However, it remains unclear whether and how SARS-CoV-2 crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Herein, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was occasionally detected in the vascular wall and perivascular space, as well as in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) in the infected K18-hACE2 transgenic mice. Moreover, the permeability of the infected vessel was increased. Furthermore, disintegrity of BBB was discovered in the infected hamsters by administration of Evans blue. Interestingly, the expression of claudin5, ZO-1, occludin and the ultrastructure of tight junctions (TJs) showed unchanged, whereas, the basement membrane was disrupted in the infected animals. Using an in vitro BBB model that comprises primary BMECs with astrocytes, SARS-CoV-2 was found to infect and cross through the BMECs. Consistent with in vivo experiments, the expression of MMP9 was increased and collagen IV was decreased while the markers for TJs were not altered in the SARS-CoV-2-infected BMECs. Besides, inflammatory responses including vasculitis, glial activation, and upregulated inflammatory factors occurred after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Overall, our results provide evidence supporting that SARS-CoV-2 can cross the BBB in a transcellular pathway accompanied with basement membrane disrupted without obvious alteration of TJs.


Assuntos
Membrana Basal/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , COVID-19/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Animais , Membrana Basal/patologia , Membrana Basal/virologia , Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Barreira Hematoencefálica/virologia , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/patologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Junções Íntimas/genética , Junções Íntimas/patologia , Junções Íntimas/virologia , Células Vero
7.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 22(9): 701-717, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514751

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a major public health event caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 has spread widely all over the world. A high proportion of patients become severely or critically ill, and suffer high mortality due to respiratory failure and multiple organ dysfunction. Therefore, providing timely and effective treatment for critically ill patients is essential to reduce overall mortality. Convalescent plasma therapy and pharmacological treatments, such as aerosol inhalation of interferon-α (IFN-α), corticosteroids, and tocilizumab, have all been applied in clinical practice; however, their effects remain controversial. Recent studies have shown that extracorporeal therapies might have a potential role in treating critically ill COVID-19 patients. In this review, we examine the application of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), hemoadsorption (HA), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) in critically ill COVID-19 patients to provide support for the further diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complicações , Dióxido de Carbono/isolamento & purificação , Estado Terminal , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/terapia , Hemoperfusão , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Troca Plasmática , Terapia de Substituição Renal
8.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257599, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease with an increasing incidence in the world. Qingre-Chushi therapies (QC) can alleviate clinical symptoms. Therefore, a network meta-analysis was conducted to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of QC in the treatment of active UC patients. METHODS: 7 databases were screened and relevant randomized controlled trials were selected. The tools of Cochrane Handbook and the GRADE system were conducted to assess the quality of outcomes. Pooled risk ratio or standard mean difference was calculated with 95% credible interval for outcomes measurement using the random-effects model. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was performed to rank the treatments. The larger SUCRA scores, the more effective interventions. RESULTS: A total of 3560 articles were identified and 21 studies including 1829 participants were included for further analysis. Totally, 9 therapies regimens were compared: oral mesalazine, mesalazine enema, mesalazine suppository, oral mesalazine + mesalazine enema, oral QC, oral QC + oral mesalazine, QC enema, oral QC + QC enema, and oral mesalazine + QC enema. Based on the SUCRA plot, oral QC + oral mesalazine was the best treatment in inducing clinical response; oral QC + QC enema had the best efficacy in the improvement of Mayo scores and alleviating abdominal pain; oral mesalazine + mesalazine enema was the optimal therapy in the endoscopic improvement and reducing diarrhea; QC enema + oral mesalazine was the best option in preventing bloody stool. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the efficacy and safety of QC in treating active UC and suggested that the combination of oral medications with topical can achieve more benefits.

9.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to describe detailed clinical characteristics, ancillary test results and treatment response of a group of Chinese patients with anti-IgLON5 disease. METHODS: We recruited 13 patients with positive IgLON5 antibodies in serum and/or cerebrospinal fluid from nine tertiary referral centers. Patients were enrolled from February 2017 to July 2021. We retrospectively collected information on the presenting and main symptoms, treatment response and follow-up outcomes. RESULTS: The median age of onset for symptoms was 60 years (range: 33-73) and six of the 13 patients were females. The predominant clinical presentations included sleep disturbance (eight patients) and cognitive impairment (seven patients), followed by movement disorders (six patients). Parainfectious cause seemed plausible. Notably, we identified the first case of possible EB virus-related anti-IgLON5 disease. Coexisting neural autoantibodies were identified in two patients. Furthermore, two patients had other autoimmune diseases. The IgG subclass was determined in four patients, including two with dominant IgG4 subtype and two with dominant IgG1 subtype. Additionally, 10 patients were treated with immunotherapy and four patients exhibited improvement. Overall, six of 10 patients for whom follow-up results were assessable had favorable clinical outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≤2). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical spectrum of anti-IgLON5 disease is variable. Our results highlight a boarder spectrum of anti-IgLON5 disease.

10.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 438, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk factors of in-stent restenosis (ISR) among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with syphilis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate not only the risk factors of ISR among CAD patients with syphilis after performing PCI, but also the population attributable risk percentage (PAR%), which is used to quantify the proportion of ISR that could be eliminated if particular risk factors are not present. METHODS: Evaluation of the prevalence, risk factors, and their PAR% for ISR among CAD patients with syphilis undergoing PCI was conducted retrospectively at Beijing Ditan Hospital. CAD patients with syphilis underwent PCI from August 2010 to August 2019 and received a diagnosis, coronary angiography, PCI, and periodical follow-up. The clinical, laboratory, and imaging data were reviewed and summarised anonymously from electronic medical records. The chi-square or Fisher exact test was used in data analysis. RESULTS: Among 114 CAD patients with syphilis undergoing PCI, ISR occurred in 18 patients (15.78%). The multivariate Cox regression model indicated that average stent length ≥ 35 mm (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 4.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.30-15.44, p = 0.018) and titres of the toluidine red unheated serum test (TRUST) > 1:16 (adjusted HR = 3.72, 95% CI = 1.22-11.36, p = 0.021) were associated with an increased risk of ISR, while successful antisyphilitic treatment (adjusted HR = 0.12, 95% CI = 0.02-0.95, p = 0.045) was protective predictor of ISR among these patients. The PAR% values of particular risk factors associated with ISR including average stent length ≥ 35 mm, titres of TRUST > 1:16, and successful antisyphilitic treatment were 12.2%, 24.0%, and -39.6%, respectively, among these patients. CONCLUSIONS: Preventing the occurrence of ISR among CAD patients with syphilis undergoing PCI requires clinical intervention. Our results indicated that carefully evaluating the length of the vessel lesion to determine whether the stent length is < 35 mm, prioritising the clinical intervention for titres of TRUST > 1:16, and providing successful antisyphilitic treatment could reduce the risk of ISR occurrence.

12.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487510

RESUMO

Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) is a widely used reliability management technology to evaluate the risk of potential failures in a system, product, or service. Nevertheless, the normal risk priority number (RPN) method has been extensively criticized for many deficiencies in practical applications. To overcome the drawbacks of traditional FMEA, plenty of methods have been suggested in previous studies. But majority of them evaluated the risk factors of each failure mode directly and cannot take group and individual risk attitudes into account. In this article, we put forward a new FMEA approach integrating probabilistic linguistic preference relations (PLPRs) and gained and lost dominance score (GLDS) method. The PLPRs are adopted to describe the risk evaluations of experts by pairwise comparison of failure modes. An extended GLDS method is introduced to derive the risk ranking of failure modes considering both group and individual risk attitudes. Moreover, a two-step optimization model is proposed to determine the weights of risk factors when their weighing information is unknown. Finally, a load-haul-dumper machine risk analysis case is presented to demonstrate the proposed FMEA. It is shown that the approach being proposed in this study provides a practical and effective way for risk evaluation in FMEA.

13.
Am J Ind Med ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death for working-age adults. Suicide risk varies across occupations. The National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) collects information about violent deaths occurring in the United States. Occupation can be determined using autocoding programs with NVDRS data. The objective of this analysis is to determine the accuracy of autocoding programs for assigning occupations in the NVDRS. METHODS: Deaths from suicide were identified in NVDRS for individuals age 16 and older from 2010 to 2017. Occupations were assigned after processing job description free text with autocoding programs. Job assigned by autocoding program were compared with the occupation code recorded on the death certificate. RESULTS: Assignment of major occupation group had substantial agreement (Cohen's kappa > 0.7) for the two autocoding programs evaluated. Agreement of assigned code varied across race/ethnicity and occupation type. CONCLUSIONS: Autocoding programs provide an efficient method for identifying the occupation for decedents in NVDRS data. By identifying occupation, circumstances of suicide and rates of suicide can be studied across occupations.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498361

RESUMO

Triazine-based materials with porous structure have recently recieved numerous attentions as a fascinating new class because of their superior potential for various applications. However, it is still a formidable challenge to obtain triazine-based materials with precise adjustable meso-scaled pore sizes and contrallable pore structures by reported synthesis approaches. Here, we develop a solvent polarity induced interface self-assembly strategy to construct mesoporous triazine-based carbon materials. In this method, we employ a mixed solvent system within a suitable range of polarity (0.223 ≤ Lippert-Mataga parameter  ≤ 0.295) to induce valid self-assembly of skeleton precursor and surfactant. The as-prepared mesoporous triazine-based carbon materials possess uniform tunable pore sizes (8.2-14.0 nm), high surface areas and ultrahigh nitrogen content (up to 18%). Owing to these intriguing advantages, the fabricated mesoporous triazine-based carbon materials as functionalized porous solid absorbents exhibit predominant CO 2 adsorption performance and exceptional selectivity for the capture of CO 2 over N 2 .

15.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477185

RESUMO

Metastasis is a major sign of malignant tumors which plays a vital role in cancer-related death. Suppressing metastasis is an important way to improve the survival rate of cancer patients. Herein, multifunctional PEG-LAM-PPS nanoparticles (nPLPs) are fabricated as both nanocarriers and anti-metastatic agents for tumor treatment. In this system, laminarin sulfate (LAM) suppresses metastasis by reducing heparinase and protecting the extracellular matrix; the ROS-sensitive polypropylene sulfide (PPS) improves the release of the loaded drug in the tumor microenvironment. This is the first time that laminarin sulfate has been used as a carrier to inhibit the expression of heparinase and treat melanoma lung metastasis. The blank nanoparticles are excellently safe and showed high anti-metastatic efficacy in melanoma lung metastatic mouse models, reducing metastatic nodules by 60%. They significantly improved the anti-tumor efficacy of the loaded drug doxorubicin, provided ∼33% further reduction of the tumor volume and 50% further reduction of the metastatic nodule number compared with free doxorubicin. Thus, these simple and versatile micellar nanoparticles composed of biocompatible materials offer a promising vehicle for treating invasive solid tumors and metastases.

16.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132110, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523433

RESUMO

Agricultural soils are major sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that related with intensive fertilizer input. Biochar is widely used to mitigate GHGs, which may interact with soil water content impacting GHG emissions. Camellia oleifera fruit shell (FS) and spent mushroom substrate (MS) are ideal biochar feedstocks. However, the impact of water content and biochar on soil GHG emissions has not been thoroughly understood. Here, we examined CH4 and N2O emissions from C. oleifera plantation soils as affected by biochar (derived from MS or FS, 1 g 25 g-1 soil), water content (60%, 120%, 240% or 360% water holding capacity, WHC), and fertilization (control or chicken manure, CM 2.5 g 25 g-1 soil). We determined the abundance of related microbial functional genes to obtain the underlining mechanisms. The results showed that higher N2O emissions occurred in soils with 120%WHC, due to increased abundance of AOA, AOB and nirS. MS or FS biochar differed in their effects on soil GHG emissions with different WHC. MS biochar was higher in pH, C/N and specific surface area, and mitigated more N2O emissions from soils with CM and 120%WHC relative to FS biochar (by 92.9% and 34.6%, respectively). MS biochar significantly decreased abundance of nitrification related functional genes (AOA, AOB) in soils with 120%WHC and CM, which explained the decrease in N2O emissions. However, MS biochar increased cumulative CH4 emissions from flooded soils via increase in mcrA abundance. Thereby, biochar feedstocks should be considered in CH4 and N2O mitigations from soils with different water contents.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529925

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the application value of the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in gastric cancer. Methods: The data of 164 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone18F-FDG PET/CT before a biopsy were collected, and the correlation of SUVmax with clinical stage, pathological differentiation degree, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) status, and Ki-67 index of gastric cancer was analyzed. Results: The SUVmax of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and signet-ring cell carcinoma (p < 0.01), and SUVmax in the well-differentiated adenocarcinoma group was higher than that in the signet-ring cell carcinoma group (p < 0.01). The SUVmax in the HER-2 negative group was higher than that in the HER-2 positive group (p < 0.01). The SUVmax was higher in the Ki-67 high expression group than in the low expression group (p < 0.01), and there was a significant positive correlation between the two (p < 0.01). Conclusion: 18F-FDG PET/CT SUVmax can, to some extent, predict the degree of differentiation, HER-2 status, and Ki-67 index of gastric cancer patients.

19.
Phytother Res ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533242

RESUMO

Rosamultin, a major bioactive constituent from Potentilla anserine L., has antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities. However, its protective effects on cisplatin-induced acute renal injury and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this work, rosamultin could enhance the viability of HEK293 cells treated by cisplatin. In vivo experiment showed that rosamultin effectively decreased kidney index, reduced blood urea nitrogen level, decreased urinary protein excretion, and ameliorated the histopathological damage and fibrosis of renal tissue induced by cisplatin. Besides, rosamultin showed no obvious toxicity in mice. SILAC-based quantitative proteomic analysis identified 4,461 proteins and eight proteins including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) were markedly decreased in cisplatin-treated HEK293 cells when exposed to rosamultin. Biochemical experiments further discovered that rosamultin could inhibit p38 and JNK activation, and downregulate the levels of CHOP and proteins in its upstream PERK-eIF2α-ATF4 signaling pathway stimulated by cisplatin or tunicamycin. At the same time, rosamultin reduced the generation of intracellular ROS induced by cisplatin and enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, GSH, and CAT. Moreover, rosamultin markedly suppressed the expression of CHOP, apoptosis-associated proteins, and activation of p38 and JNK in renal tissue. These findings suggest that rosamultin might be a potential protectant against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 737636, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513738

RESUMO

Objectives: This prospective study was carried out to investigate molecular characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Citrobacter spp. from extraintestinal infections. Methods: Forty-six clinical Citrobacter spp. isolates were isolated from hospital patients with extraintestinal infections and analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) using seven housekeeping genes. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by disk diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommendations. Adhesion and cytotoxicity to HEp-2 cells were assessed. Results: The 46 clinical Citrobacter spp. isolates were typed into 38 sequence types (STs), 9 of which belonged to four clonal complexes (CCs). None of the isolates shared the same ST or CCs with isolates from other countries or from other parts of China. Over half of the isolates were multidrug-resistant (MDR), with 17/26 C. freundii, 5/6 C. braakii, and 3/14 C. koseri isolates being MDR. Moreover, four isolates were carbapenem resistant with resistance to imipenem or meropenem. Among eight quinolone resistant C. freundii, all had a mutation in codon 59 (Thr59Ile) in quinolone resistance determining region of the gyrA gene. Only a small proportion of the isolates were found to be highly cytotoxic and adhesive with no correlation to sample sources. Conclusions: There was a diverse range of Citrobacter isolates causing extraintestinal infections and a high prevalence of MDR.

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