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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(5): 2817-2827, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629544

RESUMO

Exploring the spatial distribution of land use/coverage (LUCC) and ecosystem carbon reserves in the future of climate change can provide a scientific basis for optimizing the distribution of land resources and formulating social economic sustainable development policies. In this study, we integrated the plaques generating land use simulation (PLUS) model and ecosystem services and weighing comprehensive evaluation (InVEST) model. Based on the CMIP6-based sharing socio-economic path and representative concentration path (SSP-RCP), we evaluated the Loess Plateau for time and space dynamic changes in LUCC and ecosystem carbon reserves, analyzed the impact of driving factors on different regions, and explored the correlation between carbon reserves in various regions. The results showed:① In the future, the three scenarios were similar to the LUCC changes. The area of cultivated land, grassland, and unused land would be reduced to varying degrees, and the construction land had expanded sharply. The increase in the three scenarios was 29.23%-53.56% (SSP126), 34.59%-63.28% (SSP245), and 42.80%-73.27% (SSP585). ② Compared with that in 2020, the carbon reserves of SSP126 sites in 2040 increased by 1.813 8×106 t, and in the remaining scenarios it would continue to decline. By 2060, the grassland carbon reserves in the three scenarios decreased by 13.391×106, 33.548×106, and 85.871×106 t, respectively. ③ From the perspective of space correlation, the carbon reserves of the Loess Plateau were correlated between cities. The difference in future scenarios was not significant. The hotspots were distributed in the middle and north of the research area. There was no obvious cold spot area. ④ The changes in land use were predicted to increase or lose carbon reserves. Forestry, cultivated land, and grassland had more carbon reserves those in than other land types. Increasing their area and restrictions on the conversion of other land types should increase the ecosystem carbon reserves.

2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6647-6658, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563431

RESUMO

The biodegradation of polypropylene (PP), a highly persistent nonhydrolyzable polymer, by Tenebrio molitor has been confirmed using commercial PP microplastics (MPs) (Mn 26.59 and Mw 187.12 kDa). This confirmation was based on the reduction of the PP mass, change in molecular weight (MW), and a positive Δδ13C in the residual PP. A MW-dependent biodegradation mechanism was investigated using five high-purity PP MPs, classified into low (0.83 and 6.20 kDa), medium (50.40 and 108.0 kDa), and high (575.0 kDa) MW categories to access the impact of MW on the depolymerization pattern and associated gene expression of gut bacteria and the larval host. The larvae can depolymerize/biodegrade PP polymers with high MW although the consumption rate and weight losses increased, and survival rates declined with increasing PP MW. This pattern is similar to observations with polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene (PE), i.e., both Mn and Mw decreased after being fed low MW PP, while Mn and/or Mw increased after high MW PP was fed. The gut microbiota exhibited specific bacteria associations, such as Kluyvera sp. and Pediococcus sp. for high MW PP degradation, Acinetobacter sp. for medium MW PP, and Bacillus sp. alongside three other bacteria for low MW PP metabolism. In the host transcriptome, digestive enzymes and plastic degradation-related bacterial enzymes were up-regulated after feeding on PP depending on different MWs. The T. molitor host exhibited both defensive function and degradation capability during the biodegradation of plastics, with high MW PP showing a relatively negative impact on the larvae.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Tenebrio , Animais , Tenebrio/metabolismo , Tenebrio/microbiologia , Plásticos , Polipropilenos/metabolismo , Microplásticos , Peso Molecular , Poliestirenos , Larva/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental
3.
Comput Biol Med ; 173: 108396, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574529

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive malignancy characterized by challenges in treatment, including drug resistance and frequent relapse. Recent research highlights the crucial roles of tumor microenvironment (TME) in assisting tumor cell immune escape and promoting tumor aggressiveness. This study delves into the interplay between AML and TME. Through the exploration of potential driver genes, we constructed an AML prognostic index (AMLPI). Cross-platform data and multi-dimensional internal and external validations confirmed that the AMLPI outperforms existing models in terms of areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves, concordance index values, and net benefits. High AMLPIs in AML patients were indicative of unfavorable prognostic outcomes. Immune analyses revealed that the high-AMLPI samples exhibit higher expression of HLA-family genes and immune checkpoint genes (including PD1 and CTLA4), along with lower T cell infiltration and higher macrophage infiltration. Genetic variation analyses revealed that the high-AMLPI samples associate with adverse variation events, including TP53 mutations, secondary NPM1 co-mutations, and copy number deletions. Biological interpretation indicated that ALDH2 and SPATS2L contribute significantly to AML patient survival, and their abnormal expression correlates with DNA methylation at cg12142865 and cg11912272. Drug response analyses revealed that different AMLPI samples tend to have different clinical selections, with low-AMLPI samples being more likely to benefit from immunotherapy. Finally, to facilitate broader access to our findings, a user-friendly and publicly accessible webserver was established and available at http://bioinfor.imu.edu.cn/amlpi. This server provides tools including TME-related AML driver genes mining, AMLPI construction, multi-dimensional validations, AML patients risk assessment, and figures drawing.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Nucleofosmina , Humanos , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Metilação de DNA , Microambiente Tumoral , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 884-893, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621895

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by infection, with high morbidity and mortality. Sepsis-induced liver injury(SILI) is one of the manifestations of sepsis-induced multiple organ syndrome. At present, there is no recommended pharmacological intervention for the treatment of SILI. traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), based on the holism and dialectical treatment concept, shows the therapeutic characteristics of multi-target and multi-pathway and can comprehensively prevent and treat SILI by interfering with inflammatory factors, inflammatory signaling pathways, and anti-oxidative stress and inhibiting apoptosis. This article reviewed the experimental studies on the treatment of SILI with TCM to clarify its pathogenic mechanism and therapeutic characteristics, so as to provide more ideas and directions for the development or preparation of new drugs.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sepse , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose , Transdução de Sinais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
5.
Mil Med Res ; 11(1): 22, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is usually caused by hepatic inflow occlusion during liver surgery, and is frequently observed during war wounds and trauma. Hepatocyte ferroptosis plays a critical role in liver I/R injury, however, it remains unclear whether this process is controlled or regulated by members of the DEAD/DExH-box helicase (DDX/DHX) family. METHODS: The expression of DDX/DHX family members during liver I/R injury was screened using transcriptome analysis. Hepatocyte-specific Dhx58 knockout mice were constructed, and a partial liver I/R operation was performed. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) in the liver post I/R suggested enhanced ferroptosis by Dhx58hep-/-. The mRNAs and proteins associated with DExH-box helicase 58 (DHX58) were screened using RNA immunoprecipitation-sequencing (RIP-seq) and IP-mass spectrometry (IP-MS). RESULTS: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) decreased the expression of the IFN-stimulated gene Dhx58 in hepatocytes and promoted hepatic ferroptosis, while treatment using IFN-α increased DHX58 expression and prevented ferroptosis during liver I/R injury. Mechanistically, DHX58 with RNA-binding activity constitutively associates with the mRNA of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), a central ferroptosis suppressor, and recruits the m6A reader YT521-B homology domain containing 2 (YTHDC2) to promote the translation of Gpx4 mRNA in an m6A-dependent manner, thus enhancing GPX4 protein levels and preventing hepatic ferroptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides mechanistic evidence that IFN-α stimulates DHX58 to promote the translation of m6A-modified Gpx4 mRNA, suggesting the potential clinical application of IFN-α in the prevention of hepatic ferroptosis during liver I/R injury.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , Interferon-alfa , Diclorodifenil Dicloroetileno , Hepatócitos , RNA , RNA Mensageiro
6.
Small ; : e2402430, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623987

RESUMO

The electronic states of metal catalysts can be redistributed by the rectifying contact between metal and semiconductor e.g., N-doped carbon (NC), while the interfacial regulation degree is very limited. Herein, a deep electronic state regulation is achieved by constructing a novel double-heterojunctional Co/Co3O4@NC catalyst containing Co/Co3O4 and Co3O4/NC heterojunctions. When used for dilute electrochemical NO3 - reduction reaction (NO3RR), the as-prepared Co/Co3O4@NC exhibits an outstanding Faradaic efficiency for NH3 formation (FENH3) of 97.9%, -0.4 V versus RHE and significant NH3 yield of 303.5 mmol h-1 gcat -1 at -0.6 V at extremely low nitrate concentrations (100 ppm NO3 --N). Experimental and theoretical results reveal that the dual junctions of Co/Co3O4 and Co3O4/NC drive a unidirectional electron transfer from Co to NC (Co→Co3O4→NC), resulting in electron-deficient Co atoms. The electron-deficient Co promotes NO3 - adsorption, the rate-determining step (RDS) for NO3RR, facilitating the dilute NO3RR to NH3. The design strategy provides a novel reference for unidirectional multistage regulation of metal electronic states boosting electrochemical dilute NO3RR, which opens up an avenue for deep electronic state regulation of electrocatalyst breaking the limitation of the electronic regulation degree by rectifying contact.

7.
J Thorac Imaging ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624132

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify radiological characteristics that could help differentiate cystic lung diseases between primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) and idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pSS or iMCD who had cysts were enrolled. Cyst characteristics (number, size, morphology, and distribution) and other accompanying manifestations (nodules, ground-glass opacities, calcification, and thickening of the bronchovascular bundles and interlobular septa) were compared between them. RESULTS: Eleven patients with pSS and 25 patients with iMCD were eligible for our study. Eleven patients with pSS (100.0%) and 23 patients with iMCD (92.0%) had round or oval cysts. None of the patients with pSS had irregular cysts, but 21 (84.0%) patients with iMCD had irregular cysts (P = 0.005). Smooth-walled cysts were present in 11 patients with pSS (100.0%) and 18 patients with iMCD (72.0%). Only 1 patient with pSS (9.1%) exhibited non-smooth-walled cysts, whereas 23 patients with iMCD (92.0%) had non-smooth-walled cysts (P = 0.003). The presence of nodules was common in both groups (P = 1.000). However, the nodules were more likely to be larger and more numerous in patients with iMCD (P < 0.001). Cysts with mural nodules (52.2%) and central nodules (47.8%) were only observed in iMCD (P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Although regular and smooth-walled cysts were common in the 2 diseases, irregular and non-smooth-walled cysts were more often associated with iMCD than pSS. Nodules in iMCD tended to be larger and more numerous, and a close positional relationship between nodules and cysts was only observed in iMCD.

8.
Biofactors ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624190

RESUMO

Despite the observation of diabetes-induced brain tissue damage and impaired learning and memory, the underlying mechanism of damage remains elusive, and effective, targeted therapeutics are lacking. Notably, the NLRP3 inflammasome is highly expressed in the hippocampus of diabetic individuals. Nerolidol, a naturally occurring compound with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has been identified as a potential therapeutic option for metabolic disorders. However, the ameliorative capacity of nerolidol on diabetic hippocampal injury and its underlying mechanism remain unclear. Network pharmacology and molecular docking was used to predict the signaling pathways and therapeutic targets of nerolidol for the treatment of diabetes. Then established a diabetic rat model using streptozotocin (STZ) combined with a high-fat diet and nerolidol was administered. Morris water maze to assess spatial learning memory capacity. Hematoxylin and eosin and Nissl staining was used to detect neuronal damage in the diabetic hippocampus. Transmission electron microscopy was used to detect the extent of damage to mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and synapses. Immunofluorescence was used to detect GFAP, IBA1, and NLRP3 expression in the hippocampus. Western blot was used to detect apoptosis (Bcl-2, BAX, and Cleaved-Caspase-3); synapses (postsynaptic densifying protein 95, SYN1, and Synaptophysin); mitochondria (DRP1, OPA1, MFN1, and MFN2); ER (GRP78, ATF6, CHOP, and caspase-12); NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1); inflammatory cytokines (IL-18, IL-1ß, and TNF-α); AKT (P-AKT); and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway (P-ERK, P-p38, and P-JNK) related protein expression. Network pharmacology showed that nerolidol's possible mechanisms for treating diabetes are the MAPK/AKT pathway and anti-inflammatory effects. Animal experiments demonstrated that nerolidol could improve blood glucose, blood lipids, and hippocampal neuronal damage in diabetic rats. Furthermore, nerolidol could improve synaptic, mitochondrial, and ER damage in the hippocampal ultrastructure of diabetic rats by potentially affecting synaptic, mitochondrial, and ER-related proteins. Further studies revealed that nerolidol decreased neuroinflammation, NLRP3 and inflammatory factor expression in hippocampal tissue while also decreasing MAPK pathway expression and enhancing AKT pathway expression. However, nerolidol improves hippocampal damage in diabetic rats cannot be shown to improve cognitive function. In conclusion, our study reveals for the first time that nerolidol can ameliorate hippocampal damage, neuroinflammation, synaptic, ER, and mitochondrial damage in diabetic rats. Furthermore, we suggest that nerolidol may inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome and affected the expression of MAPK and AKT. These findings provide a new experimental basis for the use of nerolidol to ameliorate diabetes-induced brain tissue damage and the associated disease.

9.
Infect Immun ; : e0011324, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624215

RESUMO

Malaria, one of the major infectious diseases in the world, is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. Plasmodium antigens could modulate the inflammatory response by binding to macrophage membrane receptors. As an export protein on the infected erythrocyte membrane, Plasmodium surface-related antigen (SRA) participates in the erythrocyte invasion and regulates the immune response of the host. This study found that the F2 segment of P. yoelii SRA activated downstream MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways by binding to CD68 on the surface of the macrophage membrane and regulating the inflammatory response. The anti-PySRA-F2 antibody can protect mice against P. yoelii, and the pro-inflammatory responses such as IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-6 after infection with P. yoelii are attenuated. These findings will be helpful for understanding the involvement of the pathogenic mechanism of malaria with the exported protein SRA.

10.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(4): 2524-2542, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633101

RESUMO

Optical diffraction tomography (ODT) is a powerful label-free measurement tool that can quantitatively image the three-dimensional (3D) refractive index (RI) distribution of samples. However, the inherent "missing cone problem," limited illumination angles, and dependence on intensity-only measurements in a simplified imaging setup can all lead to insufficient information mapping in the Fourier domain, affecting 3D reconstruction results. In this paper, we propose the alternating projection combined with the fast gradient projection (FGP-AP) method to compensate for the above problem, which effectively reconstructs the 3D RI distribution of samples using intensity-only images captured from LED array microscopy. The FGP-AP method employs the alternating projection (AP) algorithm for gradient descent and the fast gradient projection (FGP) algorithm for regularization constraints. This approach is equivalent to incorporating prior knowledge of sample non-negativity and smoothness into the 3D reconstruction process. Simulations demonstrate that the FGP-AP method improves reconstruction quality compared to the original AP method, particularly in the presence of noise. Experimental results, obtained from mouse kidney cells and label-free blood cells, further affirm the superior 3D imaging efficacy of the FGP-AP method.

11.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(4): 2451-2465, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633098

RESUMO

Label-free detection of intracellular substances for living cancer cells remains a significant hurdle in cancer pathogenesis research. Although the sensitivity of light polarization to intracellular substances has been validated, current studies are predominantly focused on tissue lesions, thus label-free detection of substances within individual living cancer cells is still a challenge. The main difficulty is to find specific detection methods along with corresponding characteristic parameters. With refractive index as an endogenous marker of substances, this study proposes a detection method of intracellular refractive index distribution (IRID) for label-free living colon cancer (LoVo) cells. Utilizing the circular depolarization decay model (CDDM) to calculate the degree of circular polarization (DOCP) modulated by the cell allows for the derivation of the IRID on the focal plane. Experiments on LoVo cells demonstrated the refractive index of single cell can be accurately and precisely measured, with precision of 10-3 refractive index units (RIU). Additionally, chromatin content during the interphases (G1, S, G2) of cell cycle was recorded at 56.5%, 64.4%, and 71.5%, respectively. A significantly finer IRID can be obtained compared to the phase measurement method. This method is promising in providing a dynamic label-free intracellular substances detection method in cancer pathogenesis studies.

12.
ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci ; 7(4): 1013-1022, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633596

RESUMO

The dense storm microenvironment formed by an excessively cross-linked extracellular matrix, such as hyaluronic acid and collagens, serves as a major barrier that prevents drugs from reaching the deeper tumor. Current traditional two-dimensional (2D) cultures are not capable of modeling this drug delivery barrier in vitro. Thus, tumor spheroids have become increasingly important in cancer research due to their three-dimensional structure. Currently, various methods have been developed to construct tumor spheroids. However, there are still challenges, such as lengthy construction time, complex composition of added growth factors, and high cultivation costs. To address this technical bottleneck, our study combined the GelMA hydrogel system to develop a rapid and high-yield method for tumor spheroids generation. Additionally, we proposed an evaluation scheme to assess the effects of drugs on tumor spheroids. Building on the hyaluronic acid-rich pathological tumor microenvironment, we constructed a resveratrol-loaded nano-drug delivery system with tumor stroma modulation capability and used a three-dimensional (3D) tumor sphere model to simulate in vivo tumor conditions. This process was utilized to completely evaluate the ability of the nano-drug delivery system to enhance the deep penetration of resveratrol in the tumor microenvironment, providing new insights into future oncology drug screening, efficacy assessment, and drug delivery methods.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605649

RESUMO

Chemigenetic fusion of synthetic dyes with genetically encoded protein tags presents a promising avenue for in vivo imaging. However, its full potential has been hindered by the lack of bright and fluorogenic dyes operating in the "tissue transparency" near-infrared window (NIR, 700-1700 nm). Here, we report 2X-rhodamine (2XR), a novel bright scaffold that allows for the development of live-cell-compatible, NIR-excited variants with strong fluorogenicity beyond 1000 nm. 2XR utilizes a rigidified π-skeleton featuring dual atomic bridges and functions via a spiro-based fluorogenic mechanism. This design affords longer wavelengths, higher quantum yield (ΦF = 0.11), and enhanced fluorogenicity in water when compared to the phosphine oxide-cored, or sulfone-cored rhodamine, the NIR fluorogenic benchmarks currently used. We showcase their bright performance in video-rate dynamic imaging and targeted deep-tissue molecular imaging in vivo. Notably, we develop a 2XR variant, 2XR715-HTL, an NIR fluorogenic ligand for the HaloTag protein, enabling NIR genetically encoded calcium sensing and the first demonstration of in vivo chemigenetic labeling beyond 1000 nm. Our work expands the library of NIR fluorogenic tools, paving the way for in vivo imaging and sensing with the chemigenetic approach.

15.
Water Res ; 256: 121583, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614031

RESUMO

The escalating antibiotic resistance threatens the long-term global health. Lake sediment is a vital hotpot in transmitting antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs); however, their vertical distribution pattern and driving mechanisms in sediment cores remain unclear. This study first utilized metagenomics to reveal how resistome is distributed from surface water to 45 cm sediments in four representative lakes, central China. Significant vertical variations in ARG profiles were observed (R2 = 0.421, p < 0.001), with significant reductions in numbers, abundance, and Shannon index from the surface water to deep sediment (all p-values < 0.05). ARGs also has interconnections within the vertical profile of the lakes: twelve ARGs persistently exist all sites and depths, and shared ARGs (e.g., vanS and mexF) were assembled by diverse hosts at varying depths. The 0-18 cm sediment had the highest mobility and health risk of ARGs, followed by the 18-45 cm sediment and water. The drivers of ARGs transformed along the profile of lakes: microbial communities and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) dominated in water, whereas environmental variables gradually become the primary through regulating microbial communities and MGEs with increasing sediment depth. Interestingly, the stochastic process governed ARG assembly, while the stochasticity diminished under the mediation of Chloroflexi, Candidatus Bathyarcaeota and oxidation-reduction potential with increasing depth. Overall, we formulated a conceptual framework to elucidate the vertical environmental adaptability of resistome in anthropogenic lakes. This study shed on the resistance risks and their environmental adaptability from sediment cores, which could reinforce the governance of public health issues.

16.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e29005, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628708

RESUMO

The main challenge in treating stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) is chemotherapy resistance, which is characterized by changes in the immune microenvironment. Disulfidptosis, a novel form of programmed cell death, is involved in STAD but its mechanism is not fully understood. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) may play a role in regulating disulfidptosis and influencing the immune microenvironment and chemotherapy resistance in STAD. This study aims to establish disulfidptosis-related lncRNA (DRL) features and explore their significance in the immune microenvironment and chemotherapy resistance in STAD patients. By analyzing RNA sequencing and clinical data from STAD patients and extracting disulfidptosis-related genes, we identified DRLs through co-expression, single-factor and multi-factor Cox regression, and Lasso regression analyses. We also investigated differences in the immune microenvironment, immune function, immune checkpoint gene expression, and chemotherapy resistance between different risk groups using various algorithms. A prognostic risk model consisting of 2 DRLs was constructed, with a strong predictive value for patient survival, outperforming other clinical-pathological factors in predicting 3-year and 5-year survival. Immune-related analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between T cell CD4+ cells and risk score across all algorithms, and higher expression of immune checkpoint genes in the high-risk group. In addition, high-risk patients showed better sensitivity to Erlotinib, Oxaliplatin, and Gefitinib. Furthermore, three novel molecular subtypes of STAD were identified based on the 2-DRLs features, with evaluation of the immune microenvironment and chemotherapy drug sensitivity for each subgroup, which holds significant implications for achieving precise treatment in STAD. Overall, our 2-DRLs prognostic model demonstrates high predictive value for patient survival in STAD, potentially providing new targets for individualized immune and chemical therapy.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(15): 18959-18970, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569111

RESUMO

Fe-based Prussian blue (Fe-PB) analogues have emerged as promising cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries, owing to their cost-effectiveness, high theoretical capacity, and environmental friendliness. However, their practical application is hindered by [Fe(CN)6] defects, negatively impacting capacity and cycle stability. This work reports a hollow layered Fe-PB composite material using 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (BTA) as a chelating and etching agent by the hydrothermal method. Compared to benzoic acid, our approach significantly reduces defects and enhances the yield of Fe-PB. Notably, the hollow layered structure shortens the diffusion path of sodium ions, enhances the activity of low-spin Fe in the Fe-PB lattice, and mitigates volume changes during Na-ion insertion/extraction into/from Fe-PB. As a sodium-ion battery cathode, this hollow layered Fe-PB exhibits an impressive initial capacity of 95.9 mAh g-1 at a high current density of 1 A g-1. Even after 500 cycles, it still maintains a considerable discharge capacity of 73.1 mAh g-1, showing a significantly lower capacity decay rate (0.048%) compared to the control sample (0.089%). Moreover, the full cell with BTA-PB-1.6 as the cathode and HC as the anode provides a considerable energy density of 312.2 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 291.0 W kg-1. This research not only enhances the Na storage performance of Fe-PB but also increases the yield of products obtained by hydrothermal methods, providing some technical reference for the production of PB materials using the low-yield hydrothermal method.

18.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 224: 116208, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621423

RESUMO

Homeobox B9 (HOXB9) has been shown to play a critical role in several tumors. However, the precise biological mechanisms and functions of HOXB9 in osteosarcoma remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that HOXB9 was increased upon glucose starvation. Elevated HOXB9 suppressed osteosarcoma cell death and supported cell growth and migration under glucose starvation. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that HOXB9 directly bound to the promoter of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) and transcriptionally upregulated SPP1 expression which then led cell death decrease and cell growth increase under glucose deprivation environment. Clinically, HOXB9 was significantly upregulated in osteosarcoma compared with normal tissues and increase of HOXB9 expression was positively associated with the elevation of SPP1 in osteosarcoma. Overall, our study illustrates that HOXB9 contributes to malignancy in osteosarcoma and inhibits cell death through transcriptional upregulating SPP1 under glucose starvation.

19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2998, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589359

RESUMO

Understanding the sensing mechanism of metal oxide semiconductors is imperative to the development of high-performance sensors. The traditional sensing mechanism only recognizes the effect of surface chemisorbed oxygen from the air but ignores surface lattice oxygen. Herein, using in-situ characterizations, we provide direct experimental evidence that the surface chemisorbed oxygen participated in the sensing process can come from lattice oxygen of the oxides. Further density functional theory (DFT) calculations prove that the p-band center of O serves as a state of art for regulating the participation of lattice oxygen in gas-sensing reactions. Based on our experimental data and theoretical calculations, we discuss mechanisms that are fundamentally different from the conventional mechanism and show that the easily participation of lattice oxygen is helpful for the high response value of the materials.

20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 159, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589859

RESUMO

Brain metastasis (BM) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, limited treatments are available due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Upregulation of lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1) in NSCLC has been found to promote BM. Conversely, downregulating LPCAT1 significantly suppresses the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. In this study, we firstly confirmed significant upregulation of LPCAT1 in BM sites compared to primary lung cancer by analyzing scRNA dataset. We then designed a delivery system based on a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and exosomes derived from HEK293T cells to enhance cell-targeting capabilities and increase permeability. Next, we loaded LPCAT1 siRNA (siLPCAT1) into these engineered exosomes (exoscFv). This novel scFv-mounted exosome successfully crossed the BBB in an animal model and delivered siLPCAT1 to the BM site. Silencing LPCAT1 efficiently arrested tumor growth and inhibited malignant progression of BM in vivo without detectable toxicity. Overall, we provided a potential platform based on exosomes for RNA interference (RNAi) therapy in lung cancer BM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Exossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo
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