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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147140

RESUMO

One-shot neural architecture search (NAS) has recently become mainstream in the NAS community because it significantly improves computational efficiency through weight sharing. However, the supernet training paradigm in one-shot NAS introduces catastrophic forgetting. To overcome this problem of catastrophic forgetting, we formulate supernet training for one-shot NAS as a constrained continual learning optimization problem such that learning the current architecture does not degrade the validation accuracy of previous architectures. The key to solving this constrained optimization problem is a novelty search based architecture selection (NSAS) loss function that regularizes the supernet training by using a greedy novelty search method to find the most representative subset. We applied the NSAS loss function to two one-shot NAS baselines and extensively tested them on both a common search space and a NAS benchmark dataset. We further derive three variants based on the NSAS loss function, the NSAS with depth constrain (NSAS-C) to improve the transferability, and NSAS-G and NSAS-LG to handle the situation with a limited number of constraints. The experiments on the common NAS search space demonstrate that NSAS and it variants improve the predictive ability of supernet training in one-shot NAS baselines.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152096

RESUMO

Researching the structure and function of sediment microbiome contribute to understanding the response of microbiome to external disturbances. However, seasonal changes in sediment microbiome with different terrestrial pollutants input have not yet been clearly understood. Metagenomic sequencing was used to evaluate the effects of seasonal variations and different land use types on sediment microbiome. Results showed that the differences in structure and functions of sediment microbiome among different land use types were obviously greater than different seasons. This indicated that the terrestrial pollutants weakened the effects of seasonal variations on shaping the sediment microbiome. The significant differences in sediment properties under the input of different terrestrial pollutants was observed, but no obvious differences between seasons, which may be the reason why terrestrial pollutants override the effects of seasonal variation on the sediment microbiome. Overall, the results extended our understanding of the impacts of seasonal variation and terrestrial pollutants on river sediment microbiome.

3.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-11, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153324

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to discover novel hub genes which are helpful for diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC) by using bioinformatics analysis. GSE74602, GSE110225, and GSE113513 were extracted from the gene expression omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in expression profiles were identified by GEO2R. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses of the DEGs were carried out in the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). String database and cytoscape were used for building protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and module analysis. The UALCAN was used for in-depth analysis of data of CRC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to identify expression levels and overall survival rates of hub genes. The DEGs included 107 up-regulation genes and 232 down-regulation genes. Twenty-nine (29) hub genes and two significant modules were screened from PPI network. The expression levels of hub genes in TCGA were verified. Survival analysis curve indicated high expression of CCNA2, CCNB1, DLGAP5, were related to high survival rates, and low expression of TIMP1 were associated with high survival rates. These results suggest that DEGs may be the hub genes of CRC, and CCNA2, CCNB1, DLGAP5, TIMP1 may be the potential prognostic markers of CRC.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222068

RESUMO

Countries throughout the whole world, including China, are working together to curb the greenhouse effect, but the effects seem very limited in spite of the fact that various low-carbon development strategies have been adopted, particularly in industrial enterprises. Therefore, carbon emissions caused by the public should be taken seriously, and the public should be encouraged to engage in behavior that limits carbon emissions. Therefore, this article introduces a new incentive mechanism called the Carbon Generalized System of Preferences (CGSP), which was first introduced in Guangdong Province, China. It is believed that this new mechanism matches the role of leadership in Guangdong in the urbanization and economic development of China by addressing the small sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and by issuing carbon coins. Compared with Chinese Certified Emission Reduction (CCER), the development scope, management level, and novel criteria of CGSP are very different but relatively easy for the public to accept. The CGSP shows that the network platform, reduced carbon emissions, and urban pilots are all compatible with the goals of the nation and city, and they promote the CGSP in different ways. Because of its consistency with ecological civilization in China, the prospect of the CGSP is bright; however, there are some challenges, such as policy and economic factors, combined with pollution control.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124491, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223314

RESUMO

In recent years, sodium p-perfluorous nonenoxybenzene sulfonate (OBS) has emerged as a substitute for PFOS with large demand and application in the Chinese market. However, little is known about potential developmental effects of OBS. In this study, zebrafish embryos were acutely exposed to different concentrations of OBS and the positive control PFOS for a comparative developmental toxicity assessment. OBS caused hatching delays, body axis curvature, neurobehavioral inhibition and abnormal cardiovascular development. These organismal effects were accompanied by change of development related genes expression profile, in which some cases were similar to PFOS. Overall, the toxic effects induced by OBS were generally milder than that of PFOS. Further investigation suggested that both OBS and PFOS disrupted ciliogenesis, evidenced by the ciliary immunostaining, changes in gene expression of kinesin family, dynein arm family and tubulin family members, as well as downregulation of the abundance of motor proteins including KIF3C, DYNC1H1 and DYNC1LI1. The influence of PFOS was stronger than that of OBS on ciliary genes and proteins. Molecular docking analysis revealed that both OBS and PFOS fitted into the motor proteins tightly, but binding affinity between OBS and motor proteins was lower than PFOS. Collectively, OBS and PFOS may act on ciliary motor proteins to interfere with ciliogenesis, leading to ciliary dysfunction and providing a novel probable action mode linked to developmental toxicity. This raises concerns regarding the health risks of the novel PFOS alternative OBS.

6.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211956

RESUMO

The introduction of a dual-functional interlayer into lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) provides many opportunities for restraining the "shuttle effect" and enhancing sluggish sulfur conversion kinetics. Tuning the band structure of the metal sulfide provides an opportunity to enhance its catalytic activity, which plays an important role in suppressing the "shuttle effect" of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) in LSBs. Here were present a Co9S8@MoS2 core-shell heterostructure anchored to a carbon nanofiber (Co9S8@MoS2/CNF), developed as an interlayer for suppressing the shuttle effect of LiPSs. The fabricated composite heterostructure is determined to be an effective alternative material that combines the synergistic relationship between chemisorption and electrochemical catalysis. We find that the band structure of the MoS2 shell can be effectively tuned by the Co9S8 core and that the Co9S8@MoS2/CNF can capture the LiPSs, providing excellent catalytic ability to convert LiPSs into Li2S2, with subsequent transformation from Li2S2 to Li2S. Importantly, high capacities of 1002 and 986 mAh g-1 can be retained after 50 cycles with high-sulfur loadings of 6 and 10 mg cm-2. Our results highlight the design of an atomic-scale heterostructure as a multifunctional interlayer providing a synergistic relationship between adsorption and catalysis. The net result is an effective retardation of the shuttling of LiPSs and an enhancement of the electrochemical redox reactions of LiPSs. This work shows great promise toward the development of practical applications of LSBs.

7.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520966878, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration and the risks of developing metabolic syndrome and its components. METHODS: A total of 10,140 residents of the Yunyan district of Guiyang (Guizhou, China) who were ≥40 years old were selected by cluster random sampling between May and August 2011, of whom 5692 were eligible. TSH concentration and indices of metabolic syndrome were documented at baseline and 3 years later. Participants were allocated to a euthyroid (TSH 0.55-4.78 mIU/L) or high TSH concentration (TSH >4.78 mIU/L) group. Patients with overt hypothyroidism or were undergoing treatment for hypothyroidism were excluded. RESULTS: The crude and adjusted prevalences of metabolic syndrome were 39.9% and 33.9% in the euthyroid group and 44.3% and 37.5% in the high TSH group, respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed a positive correlation between a high TSH concentration at baseline and the cumulative incidence of metabolic syndrome during follow up. CONCLUSIONS: High TSH is associated with a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome or one of its components; therefore, people with a high TSH concentration should be screened regularly to permit the early identification of metabolic syndrome and followed up thoroughly.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(11): 981, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191397

RESUMO

Growing incidence of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) has been detected recently. Multiple long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven as tumor facilitators or inhibitors by extensive works. Present study concentrated on characterizing the potential role of LINC01123 in LUAD. We explored the differential expression of LINC01123 through qRT-PCR and found the amplification of LINC01123 in LUAD cell lines. It was ascertained that LINC01123 was definitely responsible for the malignant processes of LUAD cells. Further, we validated the ceRNA network of LINC01123/miR-449b-5p/NOTCH1 in LUAD via mechanical experiments. As a transcriptional factor related to epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), ZEB1 was responsible for the transcriptional activation of both LINC01123 and NOTCH1. The involvement of NOTCH signaling in LUAD was interrogated through evaluating functional changes after treating with FLI-06 (NOTCH pathway suppressor). It showed that FLI-06-caused NOTCH signaling inactivation suppressed malignant functions in LUAD cells. Additionally, LINC01123 facilitated NOTCH1-dependent NOTCH signaling activation. Rescue experiments probed the modulatory function of LINC01123/miR-449b-5p/NOTCH1 in LUAD cellular processes. Altogether, ZEB1-activated LINC01123 accelerates the malignancy in LUAD through miR-449b-5p/NOTCH1 axis-mediated NOTCH signaling pathway, while NOTCH1 boosts ZEB1 in return. These observations suggest the huge potential of LINC01123 as a new target for LUAD therapy.

9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 577373, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133020

RESUMO

Background: In addition to inborn metabolic disorders, altered metabolic profiles were reported to be associated with the risk and prognosis of some non-metabolic diseases, while as a rare metabolic disease, the overall secondary metabolic spectrum in congenital hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) is largely undetermined. Therefore, we investigated metabolic profiles in HH patients and used ketotic hypoglycemia (KH) patients as a control cohort to unveil their distinct metabolic features. Methods: A total of 97 hypoglycemia children, including 74 with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and 23 with ketotic hypoglycemia, and 170 euglycemia control subjects were studied retrospectively. Clinical and biochemical data were collected. The normoglycemic spectra of amino acids and acylcarnitines were determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The serum insulin and fatty acid concentrations during standardized fasting tests in hypoglycemia patients were also collected. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to screen potential biomarkers. Results: Among the normoglycemic spectra of amino acids, blood valine (p < 0.001), arginine (p < 0.001), threonine (p = 0.001), glutamate (p = 0.002), methionine (p = 0.005), ornithine (p = 0.008), leucine (p = 0.014), alanine (p = 0.017), proline (p = 0.031), citrulline (p = 0.042), aspartate (p = 0.046), and glycine (p = 0.048) levels differed significantly among the three groups. Significantly decreased levels of long- (C14:1, p < 0.001; C18, p < 0.001), medium- (C8, p < 0.001; C10, p < 0.001; C10:1, p < 0.001), and short-chain (C4-OH, p < 0.001; C5OH, p < 0.001) acylcarnitines were found in the hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia group. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia children with focal lesions and diffuse lesions had similar amino acid and acylcarnitine spectra. C10:1 < 0.09 µmol/L, threonine > 35 µmol/L, and threonine/C10:1 > 440 showed sensitivities of 81.1, 66.2, and 81.1% and specificities of 72.7, 78.3, and 81.8%, respectively, in distinguishing HH from KH. Conclusions: We found significantly different altered serum amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles at normoglycemia, especially decreased C10:1 and increased threonine levels, between HH and KH children, which may reflect the insulin ketogenesis inhibition effect in HH patients; however, the detailed mechanisms and physiological roles remain to be studied in the future.

10.
Environ Pollut ; : 115925, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139096

RESUMO

Sediment remediation in eutrophic aquatic ecosystems is imperative, but effective ecological measures are scarce. A pilot-scale trial investigated sediment remediation by the addition of Tubifex tubifex. The results showed that the addition of T. tubifex accelerated sediment organic matter (OM) and nitrogen (N) loss, with averages of 7.7% and 75.1% increased loss (IL) compared to treatments without T. tubifex in the 60-day experiment, respectively. The percentages of the increased in water to the IL in sediment were only 0.6%, 0.21%, 2.1% and 6.3% for NH4+-N, NOx--N, TN and COD, respectively, at the end of the experiment. The absolute abundances of the nitrifying genes AOA and AOB; the denitrifying genes napA, nirS, nirK, cnorB and nosZ; and the anaerobic ammonia oxidation gene anammox increased 2.3- to 11.0-fold with the addition of T. tubifex. Therefore, the addition of T. tubifex is an effective strategy for sediment remediation by accelerating OM and N loss in sediment without substantially increasing the water N concentration.

11.
12.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(11)2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202570

RESUMO

Oral vaccination is a practical method for the active immunization of farmed fish in the matter of animal welfare and handling costs. However, it always shows insufficient protective immunity, mainly due to antigen degradation in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Bacillus subtilis spores have been shown to be able to protect surface-display heterologous antigens against degradation. Neverthless, the spores can germinate in GIT, which causes loss of the antigens with spore coat disassembly. Here, we developed a novel surface display system using the B. subtilis spore coat proteins CotB and CotC as anchors for the heterogenous antigen, and the germination-controlling genes cwlJ and sleB as the ectopic integration sites for the fusion genes. Using this display system, we engineered germination-arrest spores displaying the model antigen Vp7 of grass carp reovirus (GCRV) on their surface. Oral vaccination of the engineered spores could confer immune protection against GCRV in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) via eliciting adaptive humoral and cellular immune responses. Most importantly, the germination-arrest spores were shown to significantly augment immunogenicity and protection above the engineered spores based on the existing surface display system. Therefore, the presently reported antigen expression strategy opens new and promising avenues for developing oral vaccines for the immunization of farmed fish species.

13.
Plant Cell Rep ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180161

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: ARF4-regulated shoot regeneration through competing with ARF5 for the interaction with IAA12. Plant possess the ability to regenerate shoot meristem and subsequent the whole individual. This process is the foundation for in vitro propagation and genetic engineering and provides a system for studying fundamental biological questions, such as hormonal signaling. Auxin response factor (ARF) family transcription factors are critical components of auxin signaling pathway that regulate the transcription of target genes. To date, the mechanisms underlying the functions of class-B ARFs which act as transcription repressors remains unclear. In this study, we found that ARF4, the transcriptional repressor, was involved in regulating shoot regeneration. ARF4 interacted with auxin/Indole-3-Acetic-Acid12 (IAA12). The expression signals of ARF4 displayed a dynamic pattern similar with those of ARF5 and IAA12 during shoot meristem formation. Enhanced expression of IAA12 compromised the shoot regeneration capacity. Induced expression of ARF4 complemented the regeneration phenotype of IAA12-overexpression but did not rescued the defects in the arf5 mutant, mp-S319. Further analysis revealed that ARF4 competed with ARF5 for the interaction with IAA12. The results indicate that ARF4-regulated shoot regeneration through cooperating with ARF5 and IAA12. Our findings provided new information for deciphering the function of class-B ARFs.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22690, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: What affects the efficacy of alendronate for prevention of glucocorticoid-induced (GI) fractures remains unclear. We aimed to explore the factors affecting alendronate's efficacy, and further identify subgroup effects of alendronate in preventing GI fractures. METHODS: We searched 3 databases. Random-effects meta-analysis was conducted to synthesize risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for each endpoint. Meta-regression analysis was used to explore sources of heterogeneity, and subgroup analysis was used to address heterogeneity and evaluate subgroup effects. We detected publication bias using funnel plots and Egger tests. RESULTS: We included 13 papers from 12 unique studies involving 46431 participants. Glucocorticoid (GC) dosage (P = .053) and proportion of previous vertebral fracture (PVF) (P = .047) were probably 2 sources of heterogeneity in meta-analysis for vertebral fractures, while GC duration (P = .020) was probably 1 for nonvertebral fractures. Alendronate reduced vertebral fractures in the high dosage subgroup (RR 0.61, 95% CI 0.44-0.86), but didn't in the low dosage subgroup (RR 1.56, 95% CI 0.20-12.02). Alendronate reduced vertebral fractures (RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.40-0.68) in the subgroup of PVF proportion <5%, but didn't (RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.42-1.37) in the subgroup of this proportion ≥5%. Alendronate reduced nonvertebral and hip fractures, whether in primary or in secondary prevention subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: The findings in our study support that alendronate is used for the primary and secondary prevention of GI fractures, but do not support that alendronate is recommended as a first-line agent for patients receiving a low dose of GCs or patients with PVF.


Assuntos
Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/prevenção & controle , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Bases de Dados Factuais , Fraturas do Quadril/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Análise de Regressão , Prevenção Secundária , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/induzido quimicamente
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22707, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031343

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Anlotinib has been proved to be effective in advanced refractory non-small cell lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old female non-smoker was admitted due to persistent chest tightness for a month. DIAGNOSES: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type advanced primary lung adenocarcinoma without brain or bone metastasis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient failed 2 lines of pemetrexed/docetaxel plus carboplatin and third-line erlotinib. Fourth-line anlotinib was administered thereafter. OUTCOMES: The pulmonary lesions showed partial remission 5 months after anlotinib monotherapy. The patient demonstrated a progression-free survival of more than 7 months and an overall survival of >12 months. The adverse events including hypertension and fatigue were well-tolerated. LESSONS: Salvage anlotinib might be a reasonable choice in EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma after failure of chemotherapy. Further well-designed trials are warranted to verify this occasional finding.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Feminino , Genes erbB-1 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Salvação
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22479, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019440

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Late-onset anastomotic leak (AL) is an uncommon but potentially lethal complication after esophagectomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 74-year-old male patient was readmitted due to chest distress and chills about 3 months after initial esophagectomy for cancer. DIAGNOSES: The previous endoscopic biopsy revealed primary esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and sweet esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction was therefore performed. The patient developed AL 3 months after the surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Naso-leakage extraluminal drainage tube was utilized because the symptoms of the patient were aggravated 1 month after the chest tube drainage since his second admission for AL. OUTCOMES: Twenty-one days after naso-leakage extraluminal drainage, the computed tomography images showed the healing of the leakage. Then the patient was discharged from the hospital. LESSONS: Late-onset AL should be kept in mind when the patient complained of chest distress and fever during the follow up after esophagectomy. In addition, naso-leakage extraluminal drainage could be considered for the treatment of AL. Further trials for better evidence are warranted.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030246

RESUMO

Nucleotide metabolism is the driving force of cell proliferation, and thymidylate synthase (TYMS) catalyzes a rate-limiting step in the initial synthesis of nucleotides. Previous studies reported that TYMS activity significantly affected the proliferation of tumour cells. However, the diagnostic and prognostic significance of TYMS expression in breast cancer remains unclear. Here, we used the Breast Cancer Integrative Platform (BCIP) to investigate the relationship between progression and prognosis of breast cancer with TYMS expression, and then verified the database analysis using immunohistochemical staining. Our results indicated TYMS expression was greater in breast cancer than adjacent normal tissues and greater in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) than non-TNBC tissues. TYMS expression also had significant positive correlations with histological grade, tumour size, and ER negativity, and PR negativity. The increased copy number of the TYMS gene appears to be the reason for its upregulation in breast cancer. Breast cancer patients with higher TYMS expression had poorer prognosis. Our data suggest that TYMS has potential use as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for breast cancer patients.

18.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 21(11): 983-989, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092443

RESUMO

The current evidence regarding immunotherapy plus targeted therapy in esophageal neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is lacking. Camrelizumab is a programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitor. Apatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. A 50-year-old female was initially diagnosed as primary esophageal NEC. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy and Ivor Lewis esophagectomy were performed (ypT3N0M0, stage Ⅱ). Twenty months after the surgery, an isolated mediastinal lymph node recurrence of NEC was recorded. The specimen revealed a positive expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and programmed cell death ligand 1. The diseased lymph node was slightly enlarged after two cycles of first-line paclitaxel liposome and S-1. Second-line apatinib and S-1 for 2 months also resulted in progressive disease. Subsequently, third-line camrelizumab plus apatinib was continued for 5 months. The patient demonstrated a progression-free status for more than 10 months following the combination therapy. Meanwhile, relevant studies of camrelizumab in gastric or esophageal cancer were briefly reviewed. Based on the current evidence, camrelizumab is a promising agent for esophageal cancer. More prospective trials are warranted before a definite recommendation could be drawn.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120370

RESUMO

Ag/TiO2 nanostructure arrays were constructed on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) via a controllable hydrothermal route and a magnetron sputtering method with a variety of TiO2 arrays decorated by Ag nanoparticles. Effects of different TiO2 arrays on the microstructure, composition, and optical properties of the samples were revealed. As surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) active substrates, we discussed the sensitivity and reproducibility of Ag/TiO2 nanostructure arrays for Rhodamine 6G (R6G) molecule detection. It was found that TiO2 nanosheet (TiO2(S)) array as a supporting made Ag nanoparticles have a uniform and continuous distribution, which achieved much higher SERS signals. The obtained Ag/TiO2(S) substrate had an improved enhancement factor (EF) of 4.31×105 compared with the other Ag/TiO2 nanostructure arrays of nanorods, nanotubes, and nanotrees. Furthermore, Ag/TiO2(S) active substrate showed good reproducibility with low relative standard deviation (RSD) values. Such a remarkable SERS activity could be due to the synergistic effect of electromagnetic (EM) enhancement and charge transfer (CT) enhancement. Moreover, the TiO2(S) array with high-exposed {101} facets provided a large adhesion area and generated a strong interaction with external atoms, which would produce high-density "hot spots" of SERS.

20.
J BUON ; 25(4): 1753-1760, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099910

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Reliable measures to prevent chylothorax following lobectomy are lacking. Herein a case-control study was conducted to investigate the effect of prophylactic fat-free diet on the incidence of chylothorax after thoracoscopic lobectomy and systemic lymph node dissection (SLND) for lung cancer. METHODS: Between January 2015 and December 2017, the patients with primary non-small cell lung cancer who underwent lobectomy and SLND were retrospectively reviewed. Patients in the prophylactic group started fat-free diet one week before the surgery until removal of the chest tubes after the operation; while those in the control group took normal diet unless the onset of chylothorax. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to identify the predictive factors of chylothorax following lobectomy. RESULTS: The data of 110 patients in the control group and 115 cases in the prophylactic group were collected. The patients in prophylactic group showed less intraoperative blood loss [(79.9±48.7) mL vs. (100.9±55.6) mL, p=0.003], reduced postoperative drainage volume [(504.3±268.0) mL vs. (714.1±618.5) mL, p=0.001], and shorter chest tube duration [(3.6±1.7) days vs. (4.2±2.6) days, p=0.014]; however, a similar incidence of chylothorax [3 (2.6%) vs. 7 (6.4%), p=0.207] was recorded. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that neoadjuvant therapy was an independent positive factor of chylothorax (odd ratio [OR] = 9.257; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.434-59.773, p=0.019); whereas high-volume experience of the surgeon was an independent negative factor of this complication (OR = 0.129; 95% CI 0.017-0.982, p=0.048). CONCLUSION: Prophylactic fat-free diet does not decrease the incidence of chylothorax after lobectomy. Further well-designed trials are warranted to verify this occasional finding.

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