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1.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851241258220, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic impact of deep learning computed tomography (CT) reconstruction on intracranial aneurysm (IA) remains unclear. PURPOSE: To quantify the image quality and diagnostic confidence on IA in craniocervical CT angiography (CTA) reconstructed with DEep Learning Trained Algorithm (DELTA) compared to the routine hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients who underwent craniocervical CTA and were diagnosed with IA were retrospectively enrolled. Images were reconstructed with DELTA and HIR, where the image quality was first compared in noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Next, two radiologists independently graded the noise appearance, arterial sharpness, small vessel visibility, conspicuity of calcifications that may present in arteries, and overall image quality, each with a 5-point Likert scale. The diagnostic confidence on IAs of various sizes was also graded. RESULTS: Significantly lower noise and higher SNR and CNR were found on DELTA than on HIR images (all P < 0.05). All five subjective metrics were scored higher by both readers on the DELTA images (all P < 0.05), with good to excellent inter-observer agreement (κ = 0.77-0.93). DELTA images were rated with higher diagnostic confidence on IAs compared to HIR (P < 0.001), particularly for those with size ≤3 mm, which were scored 4.5 ± 0.6 versus 3.4 ± 0.8 and 4.4 ± 0.7 versus 3.5 ± 0.8 by two readers, respectively. CONCLUSION: The DELTA shows potential for improving the image quality and the associated confidence in diagnosing IA that may be worth consideration for routine craniocervical CTA applications.

2.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 17: 1245-1250, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827631

RESUMO

Restricted pagetoid reticulosis, also known as Woringer-Kolopp disease, represents a rare cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorder categorized as an isolated variant of mycosis fungoides. This report presents a case involving limited pagetoid reticulosis affecting the right upper extremity in a 25-year-old female. The patient had been experiencing plaques on the right upper extremity for a decade. Dermatologic examination revealed well-defined scaly plaques on the right forearm, surrounded by hyperpigmented patches. Skin histopathology demonstrated atypical mononuclear cell infiltration in the lower part of the epidermis, forming nests. Immunohistochemistry indicated CD3+, CD4+, CD5+, CD7+, CD8+, CD30+, and Ki-67-positive staining. Additionally, CD20, CD79α, and PD-1 were negative. Monoclonal rearrangement of T-cells was identified in TCR ß and TCR γ through clonality assessment. The diagnosis of limited paget-like reticulocyte hyperplasia was established, leading to surgical resection. A review of the literature affirmed the variable immunophenotype of pagetoid reticulosis, with atypical cells exhibiting four types: (1) CD3+, CD4+, CD8+-type; (2) CD3+, CD4-, CD8+-type; (3) CD3+, CD4-, CD8-type; and (4) CD3+, CD4+, CD8+-type-relatively uncommon in the restrictive type. This case report details the clinical features, histologic and morphologic characteristics, immunohistochemical phenotype, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of a rare CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ limited pagetoid reticulosis. The lesion was surgically resected, and the patient underwent a 3-year follow-up to observe its prognosis.

3.
Genome Med ; 16(1): 81, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early detection of colorectal neoplasms can reduce the colorectal cancer (CRC) burden by timely intervention for high-risk individuals. However, effective risk prediction models are lacking for personalized CRC early screening in East Asian (EAS) population. We aimed to develop, validate, and optimize a comprehensive risk prediction model across all stages of the dynamic adenoma-carcinoma sequence in EAS population. METHODS: To develop precision risk-stratification and intervention strategies, we developed three trans-ancestry PRSs targeting colorectal neoplasms: (1) using 148 previously identified CRC risk loci (PRS148); (2) SNPs selection from large-scale meta-analysis data by clumping and thresholding (PRS183); (3) PRS-CSx, a Bayesian approach for genome-wide risk prediction (PRSGenomewide). Then, the performance of each PRS was assessed and validated in two independent cross-sectional screening sets, including 4600 patients with advanced colorectal neoplasm, 4495 patients with non-advanced adenoma, and 21,199 normal individuals from the ZJCRC (Zhejiang colorectal cancer set; EAS) and PLCO (the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial; European, EUR) studies. The optimal PRS was further incorporated with lifestyle factors to stratify individual risk and ultimately tested in the PLCO and UK Biobank prospective cohorts, totaling 350,013 participants. RESULTS: Three trans-ancestry PRSs achieved moderately improved predictive performance in EAS compared to EUR populations. Remarkably, the PRSs effectively facilitated a thorough risk assessment across all stages of the dynamic adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Among these models, PRS183 demonstrated the optimal discriminatory ability in both EAS and EUR validation datasets, particularly for individuals at risk of colorectal neoplasms. Using two large-scale and independent prospective cohorts, we further confirmed a significant dose-response effect of PRS183 on incident colorectal neoplasms. Incorporating PRS183 with lifestyle factors into a comprehensive strategy improves risk stratification and discriminatory accuracy compared to using PRS or lifestyle factors separately. This comprehensive risk-stratified model shows potential in addressing missed diagnoses in screening tests (best NPV = 0.93), while moderately reducing unnecessary screening (best PPV = 0.32). CONCLUSIONS: Our comprehensive risk-stratified model in population-based CRC screening trials represents a promising advancement in personalized risk assessment, facilitating tailored CRC screening in the EAS population. This approach enhances the transferability of PRSs across ancestries and thereby helps address health disparity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Medição de Risco , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Teorema de Bayes , Fatores de Risco
4.
Front Genet ; 15: 1382128, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873117

RESUMO

The Sichuan-Yunnan region is the main production area of yaks in southwestern China, with rich genetic resources of Yaks. Nevertheless, there have been limited study on the genetic characteristics of the entire yak populations in Tibet and southwestern China. In this study, we performed whole-genome resequencing to identify genetic variation information in a total of 198 individuals from six yak breeds (populations) in Sichuan (Muli yak, Jinchuan yak, Changtai yak, Maiwa yak), Yunnan (Zhongdian yak), and Tibet (Tibetan yak). The aim was to investigate the whole-genome genetic diversity, population genetic structure, and genome selection signatures. We observed that all six populations exhibit abundant genetic diversity. Except for Tibetan yaks, which showed low nucleotide diversity (0.00104), the remaining yak populations generally displayed high nucleotide diversity (0.00129-0.00153). Population genetic structure analysis revealed that, among the six yak populations, Muli yak exhibited greater differentiation from other yak populations and formed a distinct cluster independently. The Maiwa yak population displayed a complex genetic structure and exhibited gene exchange with Jinchuan and Changtai yaks. Positive selection signals were detected in candidate genes associated with growth (GNB4, HMGA2, TRPS1, and LTBP1), reproduction (PI4KB, DYNC1I1, and GRIP1), immunity (CD200 and IL1RAP), lactation (SNX13 and CPM), hypoxia adaptation (NDUFB6, PRKN, and MRPS9), hair (KRT24, KRT25, and KRT26), meat quality (SUCLG2), digestion and absorption (CLDN1), and pigment deposition (OCA2) using the integrated Pi and F ST methods. This study provides significant insights into understanding the whole-genome genetic characteristics of yak populations in Tibet and southwestern China.

5.
Brain ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875478

RESUMO

USP25 encodes ubiquitin-specific proteases 25, a key member of deubiquitinating enzyme family and is involved in neural fate determination. Although abnormal expression in Down's syndrome was reported previously, the specific role of USP25 in human diseases has not been defined. In this study, we performed trio-based whole exome sequencing in a cohort of 319 cases (families) with generalized epilepsy of unknown etiology. Five heterozygous USP25 variants including two de novo and three co-segregated variants were determined in eight individuals affected by generalized seizures and/or febrile seizures from five unrelated families. The frequency of USP25 variants showed a significantly high aggregation in this cohort compared to the East Asian population and all populations in the gnomAD database. The mean onset ages of febrile and afebrile seizures were 10 months (infancy) and 11.8 years (juvenile), respectively. The patients achieved seizure freedom except one had occasional nocturnal seizures at the last follow-up. Two patients exhibited intellectual disability. Usp25 was ubiquitously expressed in mouse brain with two peaks on embryonic days (E14‒E16) and postnatal day 21, respectively. Similarly, USP25 expressed in fetus/early childhood stage with a second peak at approximately 12‒20 years old in human brain, consistent with the seizure onset age at infancy and juvenile in the patients. To investigate the functional impact of USP25 deficiency in vivo, we established Usp25 knock-out mice, which showed increased seizure susceptibility compared to wild-type mice in pentylenetetrazol-induced seizure test. To explore the impact of USP25 variants, we employed multiple functional detections. In HEK293T cells, the severe phenotype associated variant (p.Gln889Ter) led to a significant reduction of mRNA and protein expressions but formed a stable truncated dimers with increment of deubiquitinating enzyme activities and abnormal cellular aggregations, indicating a gain-of-function effect. The p.Gln889Ter and p.Leu1045del increased neuronal excitability in mice brain, with a higher firing ability in p.Gln889Ter. These functional impairments align with the severity of the observed phenotypes, suggesting a genotype-phenotype correlation. Hence, a moderate association between USP25 and epilepsy was noted, indicating USP25 is potentially a predisposing gene for epilepsy. Our results from Usp25 null mice and the patient-derived variants indicated that USP25 would play epileptogenic role via loss-of-function or gain-of-function effects. The truncated variant p.Gln889Ter would have profoundly different effect on epilepsy. Together, our results underscore the significance of USP25 heterozygous variants in epilepsy, thereby highlighting the critical role of USP25 in the brain.

6.
Hum Mov Sci ; 96: 103240, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875731

RESUMO

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) have been demonstrated to enhance inhibitory control and working memory (WM) performance in healthy adults. However, the potential benefits of combining these two interventions have been rarely explored and remain largely speculative. This study aimed to explore the effects of acute HIIT combined with dual-site tDCS over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC, F3 and F4) on inhibitory control and WM in healthy young adults. Twenty-five healthy college students (20.5 ± 1.3 years; 11 females) were recruited to complete HIIT + tDCS, HIIT + sham-tDCS, rest + tDCS, and rest + sham-tDCS (CON) sessions in a randomized crossover design. tDCS or sham-tDCS was conducted after completing HIIT or a rest condition of the same duration. The Stroop and 2-back tasks were used to evaluate the influence of this combined intervention on cognitive tasks involving inhibitory control and WM performance in post-trials, respectively. Response times (RTs) of the Stroop task significantly improved in the HIIT + tDCS session compared to the CON session across all conditions (all p values <0.05), in the HIIT + tDCS session compared to the rest + tDCS session in the congruent and neutral conditions (all p values <0.05), in the HIIT + sham-tDCS session compared to the CON session in the congruent and neutral conditions (all p values <0.05), in the HIIT + sham-tDCS session compared to the rest + tDCS session in the congruent condition (p = 0.015). No differences were found between sessions in composite score of RT and accuracy in the Stroop task (all p values >0.05) and in the 2-back task reaction time and accuracy (all p values >0.05). We conclude that acute HIIT combined with tDCS effectively improved inhibitory control but it failed to yield cumulative benefits on inhibitory control and WM in healthy adults. These preliminary findings help to identify beneficial effects of combined interventions on cognitive performance and might guide future research with clinical populations.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 672: 805-813, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875836

RESUMO

Short-side-chain perfluorosulfonic acid (SSC-PFSA) ionomers with high ion-exchange-capacity are promising candidates for high-temperature proton exchange membranes (PEMs) and catalyst layer (CL) binders. The solution-casting method determines the importance of SSC-PFSA dispersion characteristics in shaping the morphology of PEMs and CLs. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the chain behavior of SSC-PFSA in dispersions is essential for fabricating high-quality PEMs and CLs. In this study, we have employed multiple characterization techniques, including dynamic light scatting (DLS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and cryo-transmission electron microscope (Cryo-TEM), to fully study the chain aggregation behaviors of SSC-PFSA in water-ethanol solvents and elucidate the concentration-dependent self-assembly process. In dilute dispersions (2 mg/mL), SSC-PFSA assembles into mono-disperse rod-like aggregates, featuring a twisted fluorocarbon backbone that forms a hydrophobic stem, and the sulfonic acid side chains extending outward to suit the hydrophilic environment. As the concentration increases, the radius of rod particles increases from 1.47 to 1.81 nm, and the mono-disperse rod particles first form a "end-to-end" configuration that doubles length (10 mg/mL), and then transform into a swollen network structure in semi-dilute dispersion (20 mg/mL). This work provides a well-established structure model for SSC-PFSA dispersions, which is the key nanostructure to be inherited by PEMs.

8.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 10(1): 41, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871740

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a haematological malignancy characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of immature lymphoid cells. Over past decades, significant progress has been made in understanding the biology of ALL, resulting in remarkable improvements in its diagnosis, treatment and monitoring. Since the advent of chemotherapy, ALL has been the platform to test for innovative approaches applicable to cancer in general. For example, the advent of omics medicine has led to a deeper understanding of the molecular and genetic features that underpin ALL. Innovations in genomic profiling techniques have identified specific genetic alterations and mutations that drive ALL, inspiring new therapies. Targeted agents, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immunotherapies, have shown promising results in subgroups of patients while minimizing adverse effects. Furthermore, the development of chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy represents a breakthrough in ALL treatment, resulting in remarkable responses and potential long-term remissions. Advances are not limited to treatment modalities alone. Measurable residual disease monitoring and ex vivo drug response profiling screening have provided earlier detection of disease relapse and identification of exceptional responders, enabling clinicians to adjust treatment strategies for individual patients. Decades of supportive and prophylactic care have improved the management of treatment-related complications, enhancing the quality of life for patients with ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/fisiopatologia
9.
Mil Med Res ; 11(1): 36, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of enhancer transcription occurs in multiple cancers. Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) are transcribed products from enhancers that play critical roles in transcriptional control. Characterizing the genetic basis of eRNA expression may elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying cancers. METHODS: Initially, a comprehensive analysis of eRNA quantitative trait loci (eRNAQTLs) was performed in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and functional features were characterized using multi-omics data. To establish the first eRNAQTL profiles for colorectal cancer (CRC) in China, epigenomic data were used to define active enhancers, which were subsequently integrated with transcription and genotyping data from 154 paired CRC samples. Finally, large-scale case-control studies (34,585 cases and 69,544 controls) were conducted along with multipronged experiments to investigate the potential mechanisms by which candidate eRNAQTLs affect CRC risk. RESULTS: A total of 300,112 eRNAQTLs were identified across 30 different cancer types, which exert their influence on eRNA transcription by modulating chromatin status, binding affinity to transcription factors and RNA-binding proteins. These eRNAQTLs were found to be significantly enriched in cancer risk loci, explaining a substantial proportion of cancer heritability. Additionally, tumor-specific eRNAQTLs exhibited high responsiveness to the development of cancer. Moreover, the target genes of these eRNAs were associated with dysregulated signaling pathways and immune cell infiltration in cancer, highlighting their potential as therapeutic targets. Furthermore, multiple ethnic population studies have confirmed that an eRNAQTL rs3094296-T variant decreases the risk of CRC in populations from China (OR = 0.91, 95%CI 0.88-0.95, P = 2.92 × 10-7) and Europe (OR = 0.92, 95%CI 0.88-0.95, P = 4.61 × 10-6). Mechanistically, rs3094296 had an allele-specific effect on the transcription of the eRNA ENSR00000155786, which functioned as a transcriptional activator promoting the expression of its target gene SENP7. These two genes synergistically suppressed tumor cell proliferation. Our curated list of variants, genes, and drugs has been made available in CancereRNAQTL ( http://canernaqtl.whu.edu.cn/#/ ) to serve as an informative resource for advancing this field. CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore the significance of eRNAQTLs in transcriptional regulation and disease heritability, pinpointing the potential of eRNA-based therapeutic strategies in cancers.


Assuntos
Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Neoplasias , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Humanos , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Variação Genética/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , RNA/genética , China , RNAs Intensificadores
10.
Brain Commun ; 6(3): fcae172, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863573

RESUMO

Intracellular pH is a valuable index for predicting neuronal damage and injury. However, no PET probe is currently available for monitoring intracellular pH in vivo. In this study, we developed a new approach for visualizing the hydrolysis rate of monoacylglycerol lipase, which is widely distributed in neurons and astrocytes throughout the brain. This approach uses PET with the new radioprobe [11C]QST-0837 (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropan-2-yl-3-(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)azetidine-1-[11C]carboxylate), a covalent inhibitor containing an azetidine carbamate skeleton for monoacylglycerol lipase. The uptake and residence of this new radioprobe depends on the intracellular pH gradient, and we evaluated this with in silico, in vitro and in vivo assessments. Molecular dynamics simulations predicted that because the azetidine carbamate moiety is close to that of water molecules, the compound containing azetidine carbamate would be more easily hydrolyzed following binding to monoacylglycerol lipase than would its analogue containing a piperidine carbamate skeleton. Interestingly, it was difficult for monoacylglycerol lipase to hydrolyze the azetidine carbamate compound under weakly acidic (pH 6) conditions because of a change in the interactions with water molecules on the carbamate moiety of their complex. Subsequently, an in vitro assessment using rat brain homogenate to confirm the molecular dynamics simulation-predicted behaviour of the azetidine carbamate compound showed that [11C]QST-0837 reacted with monoacylglycerol lipase to yield an [11C]complex, which was hydrolyzed to liberate 11CO2 as a final product. Additionally, the 11CO2 liberation rate was slower at lower pH. Finally, to indicate the feasibility of estimating how the hydrolysis rate depends on intracellular pH in vivo, we performed a PET study with [11C]QST-0837 using ischaemic rats. In our proposed in vivo compartment model, the clearance rate of radioactivity from the brain reflected the rate of [11C]QST-0837 hydrolysis (clearance through the production of 11CO2) in the brain, which was lower in a remarkably hypoxic area than in the contralateral region. In conclusion, we indicated the potential for visualization of the intracellular pH gradient in the brain using PET imaging, although some limitations remain. This approach should permit further elucidation of the pathological mechanisms involved under acidic conditions in multiple CNS disorders.

11.
Tissue Cell ; 89: 102414, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865824

RESUMO

Varicocele (VC) refers to expansion and tortuosity of spreading venous plexus in spermatic cord due to poor blood flow. This study aimed to investigate effects of Shugan Tongluo Qiangjing recipe (SGTL) on sperm DNA damage and oxidative stress in experimental VC (EVC) rats. EVC model was established by partial ligation of left renal vein. Spermatic vein diameter, testicular weight, sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) were evaluated. Telomere reverse transcriptase (TERT) expression, telomere gene transcription, and testicular tissue morphology were determined·H2O2, catalase, SOD, T-AOC were measured with colorimetry. SGTL significantly decreased spermatic vein diameter (P=0.000) and increased testicular weight (P=0.013) of rats compared those of EVC rats. SGTL maintained testicular tissue morphology in EVC rats. SGTL markedly reduced sperm DFI value in sperm of rats compared to EVC rats (P=0.000). SGTL significantly enhanced TERT expression and telomere gene transcription (P=0.028) in testis of rats compared to EVC rats. SGTL reduced H2O2 levels (P=0.001) and promoted CAT activity (P=0.016), SOD activity (P=0.049), and T-AOC activity (P=0.047) of rats, compared to EVC rats. In conclusion, SGTL could reduce pathogenic process of EVC by reducing sperm DNA damage and regulating telomere length in EVC rats, which may be related to oxidative stress regulation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Few researchers have compared the effectiveness of traditional and novel obesity indicators in predicting stroke incidence. We aimed to evaluate the associations between six obesity indices and stroke risk, and to further identify the optimal indicator. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 14,539 individuals from the Rural Chinese Cohort Study were included in the analyses. We used the Cox proportional hazards regression models to evaluate the association between six obesity indices (including body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], conicity index [C-index], lipid accumulation product [LAP], visceral adiposity index [VAI], and Chinese visceral adiposity index [CVAI]) and stroke risk. Receiver operating characteristic curves were employed to compare their predictive ability on stroke risk. During a median follow-up period of 11.13 years, a total of 1257 cases of stroke occurred. In the multiple-adjusted Cox regression model, WC, BMI, C-index, and CVAI were positively associated with ischemic stroke (P < 0.01) rather than hemorrhagic stroke risk. Dose-response analyses showed a linear correlation of WC, BMI, C-index, and LAP (Poverall <0.05, and Pnonlinear >0.05), but a non-linear correlation of CVAI (Poverall <0.05, and Pnonlinear <0.05) with the risk of ischemic stroke. CVAI demonstrates the highest areas under the curves (AUC: 0.661, 95% CI: 0.653-0.668), indicating a superior predictive ability for ischemic stroke occurrence compared to other five indices (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: WC, BMI, C-index, LAP, and CVAI were all positively related to the risk of ischemic stroke, among which CVAI exhibited stronger predictive ability for ischemic stroke.

13.
Head Neck ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ear and temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma (ETBSCC) is a rare and aggressive malignant tumor with minimal clinicopathological studies. The object of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the predictive effect of clinicopathological variables on the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of ETBSCC patients in a single tertiary medical center in Tianjin, China. METHODS: A cohort of 44 patients with diagnosed ETBSCC from December 2012 to August 2022 were retrospectively studied. Univariate and multivariate analysis were, respectively, performed for the assessment of clinicopathological predictors, including sex, age, history of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), lesion side, diameter, the choice of surgical approach, parotidectomy, neck dissection, adjuvant therapies, T stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor grade, margin, perineural invasion (PNI), and Ki-67 index. RESULTS: Seventeen females and 27 males were included, with the mean age of 65 years old, ranging from 36 to 89 years. The 5-year OS rate was 43% (mean 51 months, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 39-64). Significant prediction of a worse prognosis for 5-year OS rate was observed under univariate analysis for advanced T stage, positive margin, identified PNI, and higher Ki-67 index, respectively. Advanced T stage was confirmed to be an independent prognostic factor strongly affecting 5-year OS rate among this cohort of patients using a multivariate cox proportional hazard model. CONCLUSION: We found that clinicopathological parameters, especially postoperative pathological parameters, play a critical role in predicting the prognosis of ETBSCC patients.

14.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(5): 2157-2171, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859832

RESUMO

The pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1 (PTTG1) is an oncogene involved in chromosomal segregation, DNA repair, apoptosis, and metabolism. PTTG1 can be used for clinical diagnosis and treatment and is a potential target for oropharyngeal carcinoma. The proliferation and viability of Cal27 and FaDu cells were assessed using the CCK-8 assay. Real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively, were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression levels of PTTG1 and IFIH1. The interaction between PTTG1 mRNA and the translational regulatory protein IFIH1 was analyzed using RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, and luciferase reporter assays. PTTG1 protein was significantly overexpressed in oropharyngeal carcinoma, whereas PTTG1 mRNA was not. We hypothesized that a translation regulatory protein plays a post-transcriptional role in PTTG1. The IFIH1 protein specifically bound to the 42-52 nt region of PTTG1 mRNA, promoted the translation of PTTG1, and promoted the proliferation of oropharyngeal cancer cells. Administration of the PTTG1 inhibitor PHA-848125 and silencing of IFIH1 synergistically decreased the expression of PTTG1, inhibited the proliferation of oropharyngeal cancer cells, and indicated a good prognosis. We found that the IFIH1-PTTG1 axis could regulate the PHA-848125 response and functionally mediate inter-individual oropharyngeal cancer susceptibility and prognosis. This study aimed to confirm the upstream regulatory genes of PTTG1 and further investigate the specific interactions in this signaling pathway, which will provide a new approach for the treatment of oropharyngeal carcinoma.

16.
Neuron ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843838

RESUMO

Deposition of α-synuclein fibrils is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), while in vivo detection of α-synuclein pathologies in these illnesses has been challenging. Here, we have developed a small-molecule ligand, C05-05, for visualizing α-synuclein deposits in the brains of living subjects. In vivo optical and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of mouse and marmoset models demonstrated that C05-05 captured a dynamic propagation of fibrillogenesis along neural pathways, followed by disruptions of these structures. High-affinity binding of 18F-C05-05 to α-synuclein aggregates in human brain tissues was also proven by in vitro assays. Notably, PET-detectable 18F-C05-05 signals were intensified in the midbrains of PD and DLB patients as compared with healthy controls, providing the first demonstration of visualizing α-synuclein pathologies in these illnesses. Collectively, we propose a new imaging technology offering neuropathology-based translational assessments of PD and allied disorders toward diagnostic and therapeutic research and development.

17.
J Med Virol ; 96(6): e29711, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847304

RESUMO

The emerging evidence of human infections with emerging viruses suggests their potential public health importance. A novel taxon of viruses named Statoviruses (for stool-associated Tombus-like viruses) was recently identified in the gastrointestinal tracts of multiple mammals. Here we report the discovery of respiratory Statovirus-like viruses (provisionally named Restviruses) from the respiratory tracts of five patients experiencing acute respiratory disease with Human coronavirus OC43 infection through the retrospective analysis of meta-transcriptomic data. Restviruses shared 53.1%-98.8% identities of genomic sequences with each other and 39.9%-44.3% identities with Statoviruses. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that Restviruses together with a Stato-like virus from nasal-throat swabs of Vietnamese patients with acute respiratory disease, formed a well-supported clade distinct from the taxon of Statoviruses. However, the consistent genome characteristics of Restviruses and Statoviruses suggested that they might share similar evolutionary trajectories. These findings warrant further studies to elucidate the etiological and epidemiological significance of the emerging Restviruses.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Infecções Respiratórias , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sistema Respiratório/virologia , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Criança , RNA Viral/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848186

RESUMO

Background: The association between carotid plaque and cognitive decline has recently been reported. However, the current research evidence is insufficient, and the possible causes of cognitive changes are unknown. Objective: This study aims to explore the relationships between carotid plaque and cognition functions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers in cognitively intact adults, and try to study the underlying mechanisms. Methods: We enrolled 165 cognitively normal participants from the Chinese Alzheimer's Biomarker and LifestylE (CABLE) study, who had CSF AD biomarker measurements and carotid ultrasound. Linear modeling was used to assess the association of carotid plaque with CSF biomarkers and cognition. Additionally, mediation analysis was conducted through 10,000 bootstrapped iterations to explore potential links between carotid plaque, AD pathology, and cognition. Results: We found that carotid plaque exhibited significant correlations with Aß42 (ß = -1.173, p = 0.022), Aß42/Aß40 (ß = -0.092, p < 0.001), P-tau/Aß42 (ß = 0.110, p = 0.045), and T-tau/Aß42 (ß = 0.451, p = 0.010). A significant correlation between carotid plaque and cognition decline was also found in men (ß = -0.129, p = 0.021), and mediation analyses revealed that the effect of carotid plaque on cognitive function could be mediated by Aß42/Aß40 (proportion of mediation = 55.8%), P-tau/Aß42 (proportion of mediation = 51.6%, p = 0.015) and T-tau/Aß42 (proportion of mediation = 43.8%, p = 0.015) mediated. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the link between carotid plaque and CSF AD biomarkers in cognitively intact adults, and the important role that AD pathology may play in the correlation between carotid plaque and cognitive changes.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31510, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841458

RESUMO

Background: Acute exacerbation of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies-associated interstitial lung disease (AE-IIM-ILD) is a significant event associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, few studies investigated the potential prognostic factors contributing to mortality in patients who experience AE-IIM-ILD. Objectives: The purpose of our study was to comprehensively investigate whether high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings predict the 1-year mortality in patients who experience AE-IIM-ILD. Methods: A cohort of 69 patients with AE-IIM-ILD was retrospectively created. The cohort was 79.7 % female, with a mean age of 50.7. Several HRCT features, including total interstitial lung disease extent (TIDE), distribution patterns, and radiologic ILD patterns, were assessed. A directed acyclic graph (DAG) was used to evaluate the statistical relationship between variables. The Cox regression method was performed to identify potential prognostic factors associated with mortality. Results: The HRCT findings significantly associated with AE-IIM-ILD mortality include TIDE (HR per 10%-increase, 1.64; 95%CI, 1.29-2.1, p < 0.001; model 1: C-index, 0.785), diffuse distribution pattern (HR, 3.75, 95%CI, 1.5-9.38, p = 0.005; model 2: C-index, 0.737), and radiologic diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern (HR, 6.37, 95 % CI, 0.81-50.21, p = 0.079; model 3: C-index, 0.735). TIDE greater than 58.33 %, diffuse distribution pattern, and radiologic DAD pattern correlate with poor prognosis. The 90-day, 180-day, and 1-year survival rates of patients who experience AE-IIM-ILD were 75.3 %, 66.3 %, and 63.3 %, respectively. Conclusion: HRCT findings, including TIDE, distribution pattern, and radiological pattern, are predictive of 1-year mortality in patients who experience AE-IIM-ILD.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850252

RESUMO

Protein lysine lactylation, a recently discovered post-translational modification (PTM), is prevalent across tissues and cells of diverse species, serving as a regulator of glycolytic flux and biological metabolism. The yak (Bos grunniens), a species that has inhabited the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau for millennia, has evolved intricate adaptive mechanisms to cope with the region's unique geographical and climatic conditions, exhibiting remarkable energy utilization and metabolic efficiency. Nonetheless, the specific landscape of lysine lactylation in yaks remains poorly understood. Herein, we present the first comprehensive lactylome profile of the yak, effectively identifying 421, 308, and 650 lactylated proteins in the heart, muscles, and liver, respectively. These lactylated proteins are involved in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, and metabolic process encompassing carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins during both anaerobic and aerobic glucose bio-oxidation, implying their crucial role in material and energy metabolism, as well as in maintaining homeostasis in yaks.

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