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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2514-2520, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492270

RESUMO

Graphene has excellent conductivity and can thus serve as an electrical conductivity network. In this study, graphene-modified core-shell NiO/C composites were successfully synthesized. The connections among NiO/C particles were enhanced by shock cooling the link of each porous NiO/C particle. SEM and TEM images were obtained, which showed that the resulting core-shell NiO/C composites were rolled in graphene and evenly distributed. As anode material for Li-ion batteries, the discharge capacity for the 100th cycle is maintained at 637.6 mAh g-1. When the increase in current density increases was constant, the discharge capacity did not plummet, and the cycle was stable. When the current density increased to 800 mA g-1 ad then decreased to 100 mA g-1, the discharge capacity increased to 623.1 mAh g-1, which reflects an outstanding rate performance.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222048, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483848

RESUMO

Leaf surface fertilization with liquid fertilizer produced from amino acids constitutes a potentially important source of nitrogen and is important for plant production. However, few reports have focused on the plant growth promotion by novel liquid fertilizers created by new amino acid resources, let alone the influence on leaf microbiota. In this study, the effects of liquid fertilizer, created by amino acids hydrolyzed from animal hairs with or without the PGPR strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9, on crop yield and leaf microbiota were investigated. The results showed that leaves sprayed with amino acid liquid fertilizer (AA) and liquid biological fertilizer (AA9) persistently increased cowpea yields compared to the control amended with chemical fertilizer (CF). Fertilization with amino acid fertilizer showed no significant difference in microbial composition compared with the CF treatment; however, the introduction of functional microbes altered the microbial composition. Pearson correlation analysis, VPA analysis and SEM models all revealed that the amino acids liquid fertilizer application, but not the functional strain or the altered microbiota, performed as the direct driver attributing to yield enhancement. We conclude that leaf fertilization with a novel amino acid liquid fertilizer can greatly enhance the crop yield and that the addition of beneficial microbes may perform the role in further altering the composition of leaf microbiota.

3.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485616

RESUMO

Autophagy is an essential metabolic pathway mediated by lysosomal degradation, which is involved in scavenging and recycling senescent or damaged organelles and biological macromolecules in eukaryotic cells. The present study explored the association between the autophagic activity and chemotherapy resistance of leukaemia cells, and the possibility of using autophagy inhibitors to combat leukemic drug resistance. It was found that the levels of basic autophagy in multidrug­resistant leukaemia cells (K562/ADM) were significantly higher compared with sensitive cells (K562), and that Adriamycin (ADM) was capable of inducing autophagic activity in K562 and K562/ADM cells. K562 and K562/ADM cells were treated with a series of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) concentrations to inhibit cellular autophagy and detect cell sensitivity to ADM. The results demonstrated that the sensitivity of K562 cells to ADM was mildly enhanced by HCQ, and that the sensitivity of K562/ADM cells to ADM was markedly strengthened by HCQ. In addition, more typical morphological changes associated with apoptosis emerged, and the ratio of Bax/Bcl­2 and activity of caspase­3 were markedly increased in K562/ADM cells treated with HCQ. Notably, the expression of mdr1 mRNA and P­glycoprotein (P­gp) in drug­resistant K562/ADM cells was upregulated along with increasing autophagic activity induced by ADM. Furthermore, HCQ significantly reduced the increase in P­gp expression by inhibiting autophagic activity. Collectively, these findings indicated that the inhibition of autophagy significantly promoted the sensitivity of K562/ADM cells to ADM by facilitating apoptosis. Furthermore, inhibition of autophagy attenuated the expression of P­gp; therefore, P­gp may be involved in autophagic regulation in drug­resistant cells.

4.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471994

RESUMO

Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a birth defect with variable clinical and anatomical manifestations due to a spinal malformation. The genetic etiology underlying about 10% of CS cases in the Chinese population is compound inheritance by which the gene dosage is reduced below that of haploinsufficiency. In this genetic model, the trait manifests as a result of the combined effect of a rare variant and common pathogenic variant allele at a locus. From exome sequencing data of 523 patients in Asia and two patients in Texas, USA, we identified six TBX6 gene-disruptive variants from 11 unrelated CS patients via exome sequencing and in vitro functional testing. The in trans mild hypomorphic allele was identified in 10 out of the 11 subjects; as anticipated these 10 shared a similar spinal deformity of hemivertebrae. The remaining case has a homozygous variant in TBX6 (c.418C>T) and presents with a more severe spinal deformity phenotype. We found decreased transcriptional activity and abnormal cellular localization as molecular mechanisms for TBX6 missense loss-of-function alleles. Expanding the mutational spectrum of TBX6 pathogenic alleles enabled an increased molecular diagnostic detection rate, provided further evidence for the gene dosage-dependent genetic model underlying CS, and refined clinical classification. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482891

RESUMO

Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of perovskite LaMO3/YMO3 superlattices (M = Cr, Mn, Co and Ni). It is found that ferroelectricity can emerge in LaMO3/YMO3 superlattices (M = Cr, Mn, Co), allowing them to be promising multiferroic candidates, while no ferroelectricity is found in the LaNiO3/YNiO3 superlattice. The electronic structure calculations indicate that the LaCrO3/YCrO3, LaMnO3/YMnO3, and LaCoO3/YCoO3 superlattices are insulators, and their magnetic ground states exhibit G-type antiferromagnetic (AFM), A-type AFM, and G-type AFM order, respectively, while the LaNiO3/YNiO3 superlattice is however a half-metallic ferromagnet. The electronic structure and magnetic ground state are discussed, based on the projected density of states data and Heisenberg model, respectively, and the magnetic phase transition temperature is evaluated based on mean-field theory. In the meantime, the spontaneous ferroelectric polarization of the LaMO3/YMO3 superlattices (M = Cr, Mn, Co) is determined respectively using the Born effective charge model and Berry phase method, and their hybrid improper ferroelectric character is predicted, with the net polarization mainly from the different displacements of the LaO layers and YO layers along the b-axis. It is suggested that alternative multiferroic materials can be obtained by properly designing superlattices that consist of two non-polar magnetic materials but exhibit tunable magnetic ground states and transition temperature and hybrid improper ferroelectricity.

6.
Small ; : e1903159, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483559

RESUMO

Semimetal 1T' MoTe2 crystals have attracted tremendous attention owing to their anisotropic optical properties, Weyl semimetal, phase transition, and so on. However, the complex refractive indices (n-ik) of the anisotropic semimetal 1T' MoTe2 still are not revealed yet, which is important to applications such as polarized wide spectrum detectors, polarized surface plasmonics, and nonlinear optics. Here, the linear dichroism of as-grown trilayer 1T' MoTe2 single crystals is investigated. Trilayer 1T' MoTe2 shows obvious anisotropic optical absorption due to the intraband transition of dz 2 orbits for Mo atoms and px orbits for Te atoms. The anisotropic complex refractive indices of few-layer 1T' MoTe2 are experimentally obtained for the first time by using the Pinier equation analysis. Based on the linear dichroism of 1T' MoTe2 , angle-resolved polarized optical microscopy is developed to visualize the grain boundary and identify the crystal orientation of 1T' MoTe2 crystals, which is also an excellent tool toward the investigation of the optical absorption properties in the visible range for anisotropic 2D transition metal chalcogenides. This work provides a universal and nondestructive method to identify the crystal orientation of anisotropic 2D materials, which opens up an opportunity to investigate the optical application of anisotropic semimetal 2D materials.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496219

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery has received intense interest as next-generation electrochemical energy storage systems because of its high specific energy and natural abundance potential. However, its practical reality is seriously limited by the safety concerns from heterogeneous lithium deposition and the so-called "shuttle effect". Herein, this work reports a novel gel-polymer-inorganic separator specifically for the lithium-sulfur battery, which could enable homogeneous lithium deposition and inhibit the diffusion of polysulfides, simultaneously. The composite separator exhibits a superior electrochemical performance up to 500 cycles at 0.5 C with the capacity retention of 718.2 mAh g-1. It is worth noting that the corresponding fade rate for 1000 cycles was 0.04 %/cycle even tested at 2 C. This outstanding cycling stability can be attributed to the strong anchoring effect of polar carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC) to polysulfides, which is confirmed by the permeation experiments and XPS analyses. Besides, the Al2O3 coating layer on the anode side could achieve relatively uniform lithium deposition and inhibit the growth of dendrite to some extent. As a result, this study may pave a novel strategy for the effective design of separator toward the practical reality of high-performance lithium-sulfur battery.

8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109952, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499985

RESUMO

The aim of this work is to provide a new kind of polyurethane with improved surface blood compatibility for long-term blood-contacting biomaterials. In the study, an aliphatic poly(ester-urethane) (H-PEU) with uniform-size hard segments was synthesized by one-step chain extension of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) with diurethane diisocyanate (HBH), and biomimetic phosphorylcholine (PC) groups were immobilized onto the film surface with high grafting efficiency by three-step chemical treatments under mild reaction conditions. The H-PEU film was firstly treated with 1,6-hexanediisocyanate (HDI) to introduce -NCO groups on the surface (H-PEU-NCO) through an allophanate reaction; the -NCO groups were then coupled via a condensation reaction with one of -NH2 groups of tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (TAEA) to immobilize -NH2 on the surface (H-PEU-NH2); finally, the double bond of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) reacted with -NH2 by Michael addition reaction to obtain MPC-grafted H-PEU (H-PEU-MPC). The modified surfaces were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results verified that MPC was successfully grafted onto H-PEU surface with high grafting density. The blank and modified films showed similar crystallization behaviors, thermal stabilities and mechanical properties, indicating that the chemical treatments had minimum influence on the physicochemical properties of the substrate. The H-PEU-MPC displaying a much lower water contact angle (~15.2°) than H-PEU (80.3°) meant that the hydrophilic PC functional groups improved the surface hydrophilicity significantly. The surface blood compatibility was examined by bovine serum albumin adsorption and platelet adhesion tests, and the results revealed that H-PEU-MPC had improved resistance to protein adsorption and platelet adhesion capacity. The MPC-grafted H-PEU film possessed outstanding mechanical properties (ultimate stress: 36.1 MPa; strain at break: 883%), low protein adsorption quantity (1.33 µg/cm2) and good anti-platelet adhesion capacity (582 ±â€¯16 per mm2), implying its high potential to be applied as biomaterials for vascular grafts, subcutaneously implanted devices or other blood-contacting devices.

9.
Virus Res ; : 197740, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493439

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 variants in screening healthy women and the potential association between HPV 16 variants and progression of cervical lesions. For this study a total of 2000 healthy women in Tianjin urban area and 212 patients who were HPV 16 positive and underwent colposcopy were analyzed for HPV 16 variants by pyrosequencing. The results show that the HPV 16 was the most prevalent genotype in Tianjin healthy women and five HPV 16 variant types were detected. The HPV 16 variants were determined by sequencing parital E6 region and the detected variants were European prototype E-T350 (E-p), E-G350, E-C109 G, Asian (As) and Asian-American (AA), among which the E-p variant was the most prevalent (82.76%) followed by As variant. Interestingly, in patients with suspected cervical lesions the most prevalent variant was As variant (54.9%) by increasing significance with severity of cervical diseases (OR 4.337; 95% CI 1.248-15.067; P = 0.021), and followed by HPV 16 E-p variant while E-G350 variant only appeared in HSIL and cervical cancer. Our results show that HPV 16 E-p variant was more prevalent than As in Tianjin healthy screening women while As variant was the most frequently type in HSIL and cervical cancer. It is suggested that the mutation of HPV 16 Asian variants, comparing with HPV 16 E-p variants, might contribute to the transformation from HPV 16 persistent infection to cervical cancer.

10.
Aging Cell ; : e13024, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389140

RESUMO

Prolonging the ovarian lifespan is attractive and challenging. An optimal clinical strategy must be safe, long-acting, simple, and economical. Allotransplantation of brown adipose tissue (BAT), which is most abundant and robust in infants, has been utilized to treat various mouse models of human disease. Could we use BAT to prolong the ovarian lifespan of aging mice? Could we try BAT xenotransplantation to alleviate the clinical need for allogeneic BAT due to the lack of voluntary infant donors? In the current study, we found that a single rat-to-mouse (RTM) BAT xenotransplantation did not cause systemic immune rejection but did significantly increase the fertility of mice and was effective for more than 5 months (equivalent to 10 years in humans). Next, we did a series of analysis including follicle counting; AMH level; estrous cycle; mTOR activity; GDF9, BMP15, LHR, Sirt1, and Cyp19a level; ROS and annexin V level; IL6 and adiponectin level; biochemical blood indices; body temperature; transcriptome; and DNA methylation studies. From these, we proposed that rat BAT xenotransplantation rescued multiple indices indicative of follicle and oocyte quality; rat BAT also improved the metabolism and general health of the aging mice; and transcriptional and epigenetic (DNA methylation) improvement in F0 mice could benefit F1 mice; and multiple KEGG pathways and GO classified biological processes the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) or differentially methylated regions (DMRs) involved were identical between F0 and F1. This study could be a helpful reference for clinical BAT xenotransplantation from close human relatives to the woman.

11.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(9): 1775-1781, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368254

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to retrospectively describe 15 new primary Sjögren's syndrome-pulmonary arterial hypertension (pSS-PAH) cases confirmed by right heart catheterization (RHC). Demographic and clinical characteristics were analyzed and risk factors for PAH in pSS were explored. METHOD: We retrospectively described 15 new pSS-PAH cases confirmed by RHC referred to our institution between January 2013 and March 2018. We present PAH and pSS characteristics, hemodynamic evaluations, medical management, and outcomes. A matched case control study was carried out to determine the risk factors of PAH in pSS compared with pSS-non-PAH patients. RESULTS: All patients were female with a mean age at PAH diagnosis of 52.9 ± 14.6 years. The delay between the first symptom and PAH diagnosis was 18.7 ± 19.7 months. The most common primary manifestation at PAH onset was exertional dyspnea (13/15). At diagnosis of PAH, PAH was severe with a mean pulmonary artery pressure of 48.8 ± 13.7 mm Hg (range, 27-72 mm Hg) and a mean cardiac index of 2.3 ± 0.6 L/min/m2 (range, 1.47-3.41 L/min/m2 ). Compared with the pSS-PAH without pericardial effusion, pSS-PAH with pericardial effusion had larger right arterial (53 [45-56.75] vs 38 [35.5-46.5], P = .018) and right ventricular sizes (47 [42.75-51.25] vs 36 [32.5-41], P = .007). Compared with the pSS non-PAH group, we identified 2 risk factors for PAH in pSS: pericardial effusion (odds ratio [OR] [95% CI], 14.29 [1.14-166.67], P = .039) and liver involvement (OR [95% CI], 14.71 [1.14-166.67], P = .035). CONCLUSION: For pSS patients, PAH can be the first manifestation. We believe that systemic evaluation, especially in patients with pericardial effusion and liver involvement, is important to identify high-risk patients for PAH, improving their prognosis.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16875, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415428

RESUMO

EGFR-TKIs have been widely used in the first-line treatment of NSCLC patients harboring EGFR mutations. However, the prognosis indicators are limited. In the present study, the prognostic value of systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were assessed in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with first-generation EGFR-TKIs. Two hundred three patients were included in this retrospective analysis. SII was calculated as platelet counts × neutrophil counts / lymphocyte counts. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the optimal cut-off value for SII, NLR, and PLR. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed to identify factors correlated with PFS and OS. Applying cut-offs of ≥1066.935 (SII), ≥4.40 (NLR), and ≥182.595 (PLR), higher NLR was associated with worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) (P = .006), and higher brain metastasis rate (P = .03), higher PLR was associated with smoking history (P = .037), and worse ECOG PS (P = .001), and higher SII groups were associated with worse ECOG PS (P = .002). In univariate analysis, higher NLR (P < .001), higher PLR (P = .002), and higher SII (P < .001) were associated with worse PFS. Higher NLR (P < .001), and higher SII (P < .001) were associated with worse OS. In multivariate analysis, NLR (HR 1.736;95%CI:1.020-2.954; P = .03), PLR (HR 1.823; 95%CI:1.059-3.137; P = .04), and SII (HR2.577; 95%CI:1.677-3.958; P < .001) were independently correlated with PFS. While only SII (HR 2.802; 95%CI:1.659-4.733; P < .001) was independently correlated with OS. The present study demonstrated that SII is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival of advanced EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with first-generation TKIs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Receptores ErbB/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408956

RESUMO

This paper first reports on the selective separation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) (acetic and hexanoic acids) using polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) containing quaternary ammonium and phosphonium ionic liquids (ILs) as the carrier. The affecting parameters such as IL content, VFA concentration, and the initial pH of the feed solution as well as the type and concentration of the stripping solution were investigated. PIMs performed a much higher selective separation performance toward hexanoic acid. The optimal PIM composed of 60 wt% quaternary ammonium IL with the permeability coefficients for acetic and hexanoic acid of 0.72 and 4.38 µm s-1, respectively, was determined. The purity of hexanoic acid obtained in the stripping solution increased with an increase in the VFA concentration of the feed solution and decreasing HCl concentration of the stripping solution. The use of Na2CO3 as the stripping solution and the involvement of the electrodialysis process could dramatically enhance the transport efficiency of both VFAs, but the separation efficiency decreased sharply. Furthermore, a coordinating mechanism containing hydrogen bonding and ion exchange for VFA transport was demonstrated. The highest purity of hexanoic acid (89.3%) in the stripping solution demonstrated that this PIM technology has good prospects for the separation and recovery of VFAs from aqueous solutions.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434286

RESUMO

There is a need for an efficient and low-cost leading compound discovery mode. However, drug development remains slow, expensive, and risky. Here, this manuscript proposes a leading compound discovery strategy based on a combination of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulae and pharmacochemistry, using a ligustrazine-betulinic acid derivative (BA-12) in the treatment of angiogenesis as an example. Blocking angiogenesis to inhibit the growth and metastasis of solid tumors is currently one recognized therapy for cancer in the clinic. Firstly, based on a traditional Prunella vulgaris plaster, BA-12 was synthesized according to our previous study, as it exhibited better antitumor activities than other derivatives on human bladder carcinoma cells (T24); it was then uploaded for target prediction. Secondly, the efficacy and biotoxicity of BA-12 on angiogenesis were evaluated using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), a quail chick chorioallantoic membrane, and Caenorhabditis elegans. According to the prediction results, the main mechanisms of BA-12 were metabolic pathways. Thus, multiple metabolomics approaches were applied to reveal the mechanisms of BA-12. Finally, the predictive mechanisms of BA-12 on glutathione metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism activation were validated using targeted metabolomics and pharmacological assays. This strategy may provide a reference for highly efficient drug discovery, with the aim of sharing TCM wisdom for unmet clinical needs.

15.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 861: 172591, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401159

RESUMO

Salidroside (Sal), the active ingredient of Rhodiola rosea L, has various pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. Recently, studies have shown that oxidative stress and apoptosis are related to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of Sal on oxidative stress and apoptosis in colitis mice through the SIRT1/FoxOs pathway. To induce the colitis model, mice continuously consumed water containing 3% DSS for 7 days; some mice were also treated with Sal and the SIRT1/FoxOs pathway blocker selisistat (Ex527). Changes in body weight, DAI, colon length and colon tissue histology as well as SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activities were measured. The expression of SIRT1, FoxO1, FoxO3a, FoxO4, caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2 in colorectal tissues was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The study showed that Sal decreased the DAI score, weight loss, colon shortening and colon tissue damage in colitis mice. Sal inhibited oxidative stress by upregulating SOD, GSH-Px and CAT while suppressing colonic apoptosis by downregulating the expression of Bax, caspase-3, and cleaved-caspase-3 and upregulating the expression of Bcl-2. Sal also activated SIRT1/FoxOs signaling, which increased the expression of SIRT1, FoxO1, FoxO3a and FoxO4 in colon tissue. Furthermore, SIRT1/FoxOs pathway inhibition using Ex527 partially eliminated the effect of Sal on colitis mice. The study manifested that Sal may protect colitis mice by activating the SIRT1/FoxOs pathway, which is related to oxidative stress and apoptosis in colon tissues.

16.
Genet Med ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367017

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

17.
Eur Radiol ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare visualization of joint intracranial and carotid vessel walls between 5× compressed sensing accelerated three-dimensional DANTE-SPACE sequence (CS VWI) acquired in 5 min and the same sequence accelerated by 2.7× parallel imaging (PI VWI) which takes 9-10 min currently. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, 28 subjects including 20 stroke patients underwent PI and CS VWI examinations with an acquired spatial resolution of isotropic 0.55 mm and joint coverage of intracranial and carotid arteries. Quantitative wall thickness measurements of CS VWI and PI VWI were compared on healthy volunteers and patients with wall thickening respectively. Subjective wall visualizations of the two VWI methods on patients were scored by two radiologists blindly and independently using a 4-point scale followed by inter-rater reproducibility analysis. RESULTS: Linear regression analysis of wall thickness measurements showed excellent agreement between CS VWI and PI VWI in both healthy volunteers (r = 0.99) and stroke patients with wall thickening (r = 0.99). Subjective wall visualization score of CS VWI was slightly lower than PI VWI (3.13 ± 0.41 vs. 3.31 ± 0.79) but still had good diagnostic quality (> 3 based on a 4-point scale). The two radiologists' scores agreed excellently, evidenced by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values being higher than 0.75 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compressed sensing expedients joint intracranial and carotid VWI acquired at an isotropic resolution of 0.55 mm in 5 min without compromising quantitative vessel wall thickness measurement or diagnostic wall visualization. KEY POINTS: • CS VWI facilitates comprehensive visualization of intracranial and carotid vessel walls at an acquired isotropic resolution of 0.55 mm in a single 5-min scan. • CS VWI affords comparable vessel wall visualization and morphology measurement as PI VWI with a shortened acquisition time by 45%. • CS VWI alleviates the intensive trade-off between imaging resolution and scan time, and benefits the scan efficiency, motion robustness, and patient tolerance of high-resolution joint intracranial and carotid VWI.

18.
Med Hypotheses ; 130: 109285, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the tumor-suppressing factor myogenicity differentiation factor (MyoD) against high metastatic colorectal cancer through its powerful transformation by which the tumor cells were converted into muscle cells or other cells to inhibit the malignant proliferation of tumor cells. METHODS: The roles of MyoD in colon cancer proliferation, invasion and migration were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and Transwell, and EMT by real-time PCR and Western blot. The secretion of TGFß1 was assayed by ELISA and activation of p-Smad2/3 were assayed by western blot. The effects of MyoD on intestinal cancer growth and EMT in vivo were also analyzed. RESULTS: We found MyoD inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of colon cancer cell. Moreover, MyoD inhibited the expression of E-cadherin and promoted the expression of vimentin and α-SMA. The secretion of TGFß1 increased and p-Smad2/3 was activated after MyoD expression. MyoD also inhibits intestinal cancer growth and promoted EMT in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that MyoD inhibited cancer progression and metastasis by promoting EMT through TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 activation, which provide new support for MyoD maybe as a novel anti-cancer method for the treatment of colon cancer in the future.

19.
Biosci Trends ; 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434815

RESUMO

Histone acetylation has recently been implicated in gene transcription and estradiol (E2) actions in the hypothalamus. This study aims to determine the involvement of histone acetylation in mediating E2-induced luteinizing hormone (LH) surge to understand the mechanism underlying LH surge dysfunction in female reproductive aging. Young and middle-aged female rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and treated with hormone or oil once per day for two days. At the time of the expected LH surge, blood samples were taken for LH assay. The anterior and posterior hypothalami were dissected, histone H3/H4 acetylation and histone deacetylases (HDACs) 4, -5, -10 and -11 protein expressions were measured using Western blotting. Our results show that in the young females, E2 markedly increased histone H3 acetylation while significantly reducing HDAC10 protein expression in the anterior hypothalamus. Notably, E2-induced alterations of histone H3 acetylation and HDAC10 in the anterior hypothalamus were absent in middle-aged females, associated with a reduced LH release. However, age alters histone H4 acetylation in both the anterior and posterior hypothalamus and significantly increased HDAC 4 and -5 protein expression in the anterior hypothalamus. Taken together, these data suggest that histone H3 acetylation in the anterior hypothalamus may mediate E2 regulation of LH surge and the process possibly through decreasing HDAC10. The missed responsiveness of histone H3 acetylation and HDAC10 expression to E2 in the anterior hypothalamus may contribute to LH surge failure that occurs in female reproductive aging.

20.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433574

RESUMO

RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) is a useful method to explore the molecular events in cells and tissues at the transcriptional level. However, comprehensive transcriptome analysis of hepatocarcinogenesis and progression are lacking. In this study, we aimed to characterize a dimethylnitrosamine and carbon tetrachloride-induced (DEN+CCl4 -induced) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mouse model by RNA-Seq. In total, 2033 genes were up-regulated and 841 genes were down-regulated after DEN and CCl4 stimulation. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were highly enriched for the Gene Ontology (GO) terms oxoacid metabolic process, carboxylic acid metabolic process, and organic acid metabolic process. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that the top five significantly overrepresented pathways were: metabolic pathways, chemical carcinogenesis, steroid hormone biosynthesis, retinol metabolism and metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450. Moreover, a protein-protein interaction network analysis indicated that Rous sarcoma oncogene (Src) may play a key role in DEN+CCl4 -induced HCC. These results provide a comprehensive overview of transcriptome events in DEN+CCl4 -induced HCC.

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