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1.
Clin Epigenetics ; 16(1): 63, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decitabine (DAC), a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, has shown efficacy combined with chemotherapy for relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults, but less is known about its efficacy in children. Accordingly, we conducted a study which involved a priming regimen consisting of DAC with cladribine, cytarabine, and granulocyte-stimulating factor (DAC-CLAG) and compared the efficacy and safety of this regimen with CLAG alone. METHODS: A total of 39 R/R AML children who received the CLAG or DAC-CLAG regimen in Shanghai Children's Hospital were retrospectively enrolled in this non-randomized study. These regimens were studied sequentially over time. Twenty-two patients received CLAG from 2015, while 17 patients were administered epigenetic priming with DAC before CLAG from 2020. Patients were subsequently bridged to stem cell transplantation (SCT) or consolidation chemotherapy. Complete remission (CR) and adverse effects were analyzed by Fisher's exact test, and survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: DAC-CLAG conferred a numerically higher CR compared to CLAG (70.59% vs 63.64%; P = 0.740). High CR rates occurred in patients with good cytogenetics (P = 0.029) and prior induction without cladribine (P = 0.099). The 1-year event-free survival (EFS) was 64.71% ± 11.59% and 63.31% ± 10.35% in the DAC-CLAG and CLAG group (P = 0.595), and 1-year overall survival (OS) was 81.45% ± 9.72% and 77.01% ± 9.04%, respectively (P = 0.265). The 1-year OS and EFS after SCT were higher in the DAC-CLAG than in the CLAG cohort (100% vs 92.31% ± 7.39%, P = 0.072; 92.31% ± 7.39% vs 85.71% ± 9.35%, P = 0.158). Univariate analysis revealed that a good prognosis included good cytogenetics (P = 0.002), non-complex karyotype (P = 0.056), CR on reinduction (P < 0.0001), and bridging to SCT (P = 0.0007). Use of a hypomethylating agent (P = 0.049) and bridging to SCT (P = 0.011) were independent prognostic factors. Grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity and infection were the main adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: DAC prior to the CLAG regimen improved remission in pediatric R/R AML, and was feasible and well tolerated. CLAG ± DAC as a salvage therapy prior to SCT induced improved survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Cladribina , Citarabina , Decitabina , Epigênese Genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Decitabina/administração & dosagem , Decitabina/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cladribina/uso terapêutico , Cladribina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Resultado do Tratamento , Indução de Remissão/métodos
2.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eadk7636, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728397

RESUMO

Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) network in the oval nucleus of bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (ovBNST) is generally indicated in stress, but its role in female-biased susceptibility to anxiety is unknown. Here, we established a female-biased stress paradigm. We found that the CRF release in ovBNST during stress showed female-biased pattern, and ovBNST CRF neurons were more prone to be hyperexcited in female mice during stress in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Moreover, optogenetic modulation to exchange the activation pattern of ovBNST CRF neurons during stress between female and male mice could reverse their susceptibility to anxiety. Last, CRF receptor type 1 (CRFR1) mediated the CRF-induced excitation of ovBNST CRF neurons and showed female-biased expression. Specific knockdown of the CRFR1 level in ovBNST CRF neurons in female or overexpression that in male could reverse their susceptibility to anxiety. Therefore, we identify that CRFR1-mediated hyperexcitation of ovBNST CRF neurons in female mice encode the female-biased susceptibility to anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina , Neurônios , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina , Núcleos Septais , Animais , Feminino , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Masculino , Neurônios/metabolismo , Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Núcleos Septais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/genética , Aprendizagem da Esquiva/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Comportamento Animal
4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718351

RESUMO

Supercapacitors (SCs) are some of the most promising energy storage devices, but their low energy density is one main weakness. Over the decades, superior electrode materials and suitable electrolytes have been widely developed to enhance the energy storage ability of SCs. Particularly, constructing asymmetric supercapacitors (ASCs) can extend their electrochemical stable voltage windows (ESVWs) and thus achieve high energy density. However, only full utilization of the electrochemical stable potential windows (ESPWs) of both positive and negative electrodes can endow the ASC devices with a maximum ESVW by using a suitable mass-ratio between two electrodes (the mass-balancing). Nevertheless, insufficient attention is directed to mass-balancing, and even numerous misunderstandings and misuses have appeared. Therefore, in this Perspective, we focus on the mass-balancing: summarize theoretic basis of the mass-balancing, derive relevant relation equations, analyze and discuss the change trends of the specific capacitance and energy density of ASCs with mass-ratios, and finally recommend some guidelines for the normative implementation of the mass-balancing. Especially, the issues related to pseudocapacitive materials, hybrid devices, and different open circuit potentials (OCPs) of the positive and negative electrodes in the mass-balancing are included and emphasized. These analyses and guidelines can be conducive to understanding and performing mass-balancing for developing high-performance SCs.

5.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(5): 3655-3664, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720833

RESUMO

Background: Although previous studies have shown that the injection of contrast agents can improve image quality, the specific impact of this on T2-weighted fat-suppressed (T2 FS) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences in the diagnosis of breast cancer remains incompletely understood. In particular, there is insufficient research on how contrast agents affect the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values within these sequences, and how these changes influence the diagnosis of benign and malignant breast tumors. Methods: Breast magnetic resonance images (MRI) were obtained from 178 consecutive patients on a 3T scanner. The SNR and CNR of lesions on T2 FS sequence were calculated before and after contrast agent injection and compared. Differences between pre- and post-contrast ADC in identifying different tumor types were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis H-test and the paired comparison test. The accuracy of ADC values between pre- and post-contrast in distinguishing benign and malignant breast masses was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: The SNR and CNR of T2 FS sequence increased after contrast injection, and especially for invasive cancer and benign tumor, the increase was significant. For DWI, there was a slight increase or decrease of ADC values after contrast injection, but the ADC values before and after contrast had a similar effect in identifying different types of tumors. In the ROC curve analysis for assessing benign and malignant breast tumors, the area under the curve (AUC) before and after contrast showed similar results. Conclusions: Contrast agent injection can improve the SNR and CNR of T2 FS sequence, thus providing higher quality images for the diagnosis of breast lesions. Furthermore, injection of contrast agent had little effect on the ability of ADC values to identify different types of lesions and both ADC values before and after the contrast agent were able to distinguish between benign and malignant tumors with almost the same accuracy.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132066, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705323

RESUMO

A comprehensive multiscale analysis was conducted to explore the effects of different ratios of these materials on its properties. The results show that KC played a crucial role in controlling solution viscosity and gel and sol temperatures. The dissolution time at high water temperatures primarily decreased with an increase in SA content. Higher KC and CS content increased tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (ε), while also exhibiting better thermal stability. Water vapor transmission (WVT) and permeability (PV) initially decreased, then increased with the increase of SA and CS contents. Finally, an SA:KC:CS ratio of 1:3:2 showed optimal comprehensive properties, with a dissolution time of about 60.0 ± 3.8 s, TS of 23.80 ± 0.29 MPa, ε of 18.61 ± 0.34 %, WVT of 21.74 ± 0.62 g/m2·24h, and PV of 5.39 ± 0.17 meq/kg. Meanwhile, the SA:KC:CS edible food packaging only introduced minimal effects on food after dissolution, and the total bacterial count met regulatory standards.

7.
Physiol Plant ; 176(3): e14324, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705866

RESUMO

Broomrape (Orobanche cumana) negatively affects sunflower, causing severe yield losses, and thus, there is a need to control O. cumana infestation. Brassinosteroids (BRs) play key roles in plant growth and provide resilience to weed infection. This study aims to evaluate the mechanisms by which BRs ameliorate O. cumana infection in sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Seeds were pretreated with BRs (1, 10, and 100 nM) and O. cumana inoculation for 4 weeks under soil conditions. O. cumana infection significantly reduced plant growth traits, photosynthesis, endogenous BRs and regulated the plant defence (POX, GST), BRs signalling (BAK1, BSK1 to BSK4) and synthesis (BRI1, BR6OX2) genes. O. cumana also elevated the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), hydroxyl radical (OH-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide (O2 •-) in leaves/roots by 77/112, 63/103, 56/97 and 54/89%, as well as caused ultrastructural cellular damages in both leaves and roots. In response, plants activated a few enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and reduced glutathione but were unable to stimulate the activity of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and catalase (CAT) enzymes. The addition of BRs (especially at 10 nM) notably recovered the ultrastructural cellular damages, lowered the production of oxidative stress, activated the key enzymatic antioxidants and induced the phenolic and lignin contents. The downregulation in the particular genes by BRs is attributed to the increased resilience of sunflower via a susceptible reaction. In a nutshell, BRs notably enhanced the sunflower resistance to O. cumana infection by escalating the plant immunity responses, inducing systemic acquired resistance, reducing oxidative or cellular damages, and modulating the expression of BR synthesis or signalling genes.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides , Helianthus , Orobanche , Sementes , Helianthus/efeitos dos fármacos , Helianthus/imunologia , Helianthus/fisiologia , Brassinosteroides/farmacologia , Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Orobanche/fisiologia , Orobanche/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/imunologia , Plantas Daninhas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plantas Daninhas/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Imunidade Vegetal/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/imunologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/imunologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Malondialdeído/metabolismo
8.
J Med Biochem ; 43(2): 243-249, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699701

RESUMO

Background: To assess the influence of serum level of YAP on laboratory examination findings, imaging findings and disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis patients combined cardiovascular disease (RA-CVD). Methods: RA-CVD patients (n=60), RA-nCVD patients (n=60) and healthy subjects (n=60) were recruited. Serum levels of YAP in them were detected by qRT-PCR. Their baseline characteristics were analyzed and compared. Disease activity, CVD risk factors and imaging findings in RA-CVD and RA-nCVD patients were evaluated and compared. In addition, potential influences of YAP on disease activity, CVD risk factors and imaging findings in RA-CVD patients were assessed. Results: RA-CVD patients had higher levels of ERS, anti-CCP, RF, HDL-C, CRP, FRS, BNP, LA, LVs, LVd and cIMT, and lower level of EF in comparison to RA-nCVD patients. Serum level of YAP was higher in RA-CVD patients than that of RA-nCVD patients and healthy subjects. YAP level was positively correlated to DAS28, TG, CRP, PLT, FRS, BNP and cIMT in RA-CVD patients. Conclusions: Serum level of YAP increases in RA-CVD patients. YAP is a potential factor driving the development of CVD in RA patients through regulating inflammatory response, lipid metabolism, glycometabolism and thrombosis.

9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9966, 2024 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693200

RESUMO

Hemoglobin (Hb) Lepore is a rare deletional δß-thalassemia caused by the fusion between delta-beta genes, and cannot be identified by traditional thaltassemia gene testing technology. The aim of this study was to conduct molecular diagnosis and clinical analysis of Hb Lepore in four unrelated Chinese families using third generation sequencing. Decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and an abnormal Hb band were observed in the probands of the four families. However, no common α and ß-thalassemia variants were detected in the enrolled families using polymerase chain reaction-reverse dot blot hybridization based traditional thalassemia gene testing. Further third-generation sequencing revealed similar Hb Lepore-Boston-Washington variants in all the patients, which were resulted from partial coverage of the HBB and HBD globin genes, leading to the formation of a delta-beta fusion gene. Specific gap-PCR and Sanger sequencing confirmed that all the patients carried a similar Hb Lepore-Boston-Washington heterozygote. In addition, decreased levels of MCH and Hb A2 were observed in the proband's wife of family 2, an extremely rare variant of Hb Nanchang (GGT > AGT) (HBA2:c.46G > A) was identified by third-generation sequencing and further confirmed by Sanger sequencing. This present study was the first to report the similar Hb Lepore-Boston-Washington in Chinese population. By combining the utilization of Hb capillary electrophoresis and third-generation sequencing, the screening and diagnosis of Hb Lepore can be effectively enhanced.


Assuntos
Povo Asiático , Hemoglobinas Anormais , Humanos , Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Povo Asiático/genética , Adulto , Linhagem , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , China , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/genética , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Talassemia beta/sangue , População do Leste Asiático
10.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695280

RESUMO

There is often a trade-off effect between different agronomic traits due to gene pleiotropy, leading to a negative correlation between yield and resistance. Consequently, using gene-editing techniques to develop superior traits becomes challenging. Genetic resources that defy this constraint are scarce but hold great potential as targets for improvement through the utilisation of CRISPR. Transcription factors are critical in modulating numerous gene expressions across diverse biological processes. Here, we found that the trihelix transcription factor SlGT30 plays a role in drought resistance and tomato fruit development. We edited the SlGT30 gene with CRISPR/Cas9 technology and found that the knockout lines showed decreased stomata density in the leaves and large fruits. Subsequent examination revealed that cell ploidy was impacted in the leaves and fruits of SlGT30 knockout lines. SlGT30 knockout affected cell size through the endoreduplication pathway, manifested in decreased stomata density and reduced water loss. Consequently, this resulted in an enhancement of drought resistance. For the fruit, both cell size and cell number increased in the fruit pericarp of knockout lines, improving the fruit size and weight accordingly. Therefore, SlGT30 represents a promising candidate gene for gene editing in breeding practice.

11.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240950, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737442

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 sequelae are long-term symptoms of COVID-19. Cardiovascular disease is not only a risk factor for the occurrence of COVID-19 sequelae but also a potential result directly or indirectly caused by COVID-19 infection. Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the cardiovascular system-related symptoms of outpatients and inpatients of the Cardiovascular Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine after recovery from novel coronavirus infection, analyze the influencing factors, and symptom characteristics of related symptoms, and thereby provide a basis for further formulating a reasonable diagnosis and treatment plan. Materials and methods: From January 15, 2023 to February 15, 2023, 452 recovered patients with novel coronavirus infection who were admitted to the Cardiovascular Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine due to symptoms of the cardiovascular system (complaints of chest pain and palpitations) were involved in this study. A unified questionnaire was used to record the general information, past medical history, characteristics of chest pain or palpitations, and other COVID-19-related sequelae of the selected patients. All data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: A total of 226 patients with cardiovascular symptoms and 226 patients without cardiovascular symptoms were included in this study. After univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, women (OR 2.081, 95% CI = 1.358-3.189) and young people (OR 2.557, 95% CI = 1.44-4.54) had a higher risk of cardiovascular symptoms; prehypertension (OR 1.905, 95% CI = 1.091-3.329) and hypertension (OR 2.287, 95% CI = 1.433-3.649) increased the risk of cardiovascular symptoms; patients with history of previous cardiovascular disease (OR 1.862, 95% CI = 1.16-2.988) and history of diabetes (OR 2.138, 95% CI = 1.058-4.319) had a higher risk of developing cardiovascular symptoms. The main symptoms related to COVID-19 sequelae reported by all 452 patients were fatigue (76.8%), shortness of breath (54.2%), dry mouth and bitter mouth (46.0%), gastrointestinal symptoms (42.7%), sleep disturbances (37.4%), sweating (31.9%), chills (29%), dizziness (25.7%), confusion of brain fog (25.2%), and tinnitus (14.6%). Compared with patients without cardiovascular symptoms, patients with cardiovascular symptoms were more likely to have shortness of breath (OR 3.521, 95% CI = 2.226-5.472), gastrointestinal symptoms (OR 2.039, 95% CI = 1.226-3.393), and dry mouth and bitter mouth (OR 1.918, 95% CI = 1.229-2.992). The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In this new coronavirus infection, women, young people, the elderly, people with prehypertension, hypertension, and patients with a history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular symptoms, and patients with cardiovascular symptoms are more likely to develop other COVID-19 sequelae.

12.
Food Funct ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738338

RESUMO

Non-digestible oligosaccharides have attracted attention due to their critical role in maintaining the balance of a host's gut microbiota. Lactiplantibacillus plantarum ZDY2013 was isolated from traditional fermented acid beans, which could metabolize many complex carbohydrates and had intestinal immunomodulatory effects. In our study, the ameliorative effect of a combination of non-digestible isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO) and L. plantarum ZDY2013 was investigated in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mice. The results showed that IMO could specifically promote L. plantarum ZDY2013 intestinal colonization after five days of gavage and ameliorate the symptoms of colitis (survival rate, DAI score, colon length, etc.) as well as colon tissue integrity. IMO combined with L. plantarum ZDY2013 increased the levels of intestinal tight junction proteins (ZO-1 and claudin) and mucin (MUC-2), followed by alleviation of inflammatory responses (decreased the expression of IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-6 and increased the expression of IL-10 and IL-22) and the level of oxidative stress (decreased the level of COX-2 and iNOS and increased the expression of T-AOC and SOD). Furthermore, the combination increased the diversity of the gut microbiota and modulated the microbial structural component (decreased the abundance of Escherichia and Helicobacter and increased the abundance of Lactobacillus and SCFA-producing related species). Taken together, our results suggested that the consumption of IMO and L. plantarum ZDY2013 could improve the symptoms of colitis in mice by improving the intestinal barrier along with regulating the composition and metabolites of the gut microbiota.

13.
Foods ; 13(9)2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731775

RESUMO

Almond hull, a substantial byproduct comprising more than half of almond fresh weight, has recently gained attention due to its functionality and sustainability benefits. Despite heightened interest, information regarding its toxicity remains limited. In order to assess its genotoxic potential, we conducted Good Laboratory Practice-compliant in vitro and in vivo studies following Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines. No evidence of toxicity or mutagenicity was observed in a bacterial reverse mutation assay using five tester strains, evaluating almond hull at concentrations up to 5 mg/plate, with or without metabolic activation. Almond hull did not induce chromosome structural damage in a chromosome aberration assay using Chinese hamster ovary cells, nor did it cause any spermatogonial chromosomal aberration in tested male BALB/c mice. To evaluate its ability to induce DNA damage in rodents, a combined micronucleus assay was conducted in KM mice of both sexes. Almond hull was administered at doses of 1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg/day via gavage once daily for 2 days. No adverse effects of almond hull were observed in the micronucleus assay. Our results indicate no evidence of the genotoxic potential of almond hull administered up to the maximum concentrations of 5 g/kg, as recommended by OECD guidelines.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 133: 112083, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38648714

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infection is considered a global public health emergency. Severe peripheral neuropathy caused by JEV infection has increased disability and mortality rates in recent years. Because there are very few therapeutic options for JEV infection, prompt investigations of the ability of clinically safe, efficacious and globally available drugs to inhibit JEV infection and ameliorate peripheral neuropathy are urgently needed. In this study, we found that high doses of intravenous immunoglobulin, a function inhibitor of acid sphingomyelinase (FIASMA), inhibited acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) and ceramide activity in the serum and sciatic nerve of JEV-infected rats, reduced disease severity, reversed electrophysiological and histological abnormalities, significantly reduced circulating proinflammatory cytokine levels, inhibited Th1 and Th17 cell proliferation, and suppressed the infiltration of inflammatory CD4 + cells into the sciatic nerve. It also maintained the peripheral nerve-blood barrier without causing severe clinical side effects. In terms of the potential mechanisms, ASM was found to participate in immune cell differentiation and to activate immune cells, thereby exerting proinflammatory effects. Therefore, immunoglobulin is a FIASMA that reduces abnormal immune responses and thus targets the ASM/ceramide system to treat peripheral neuropathy caused by JEV infection.


Assuntos
Ceramidas , Vírus da Encefalite Japonesa (Espécie) , Encefalite Japonesa , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase , Animais , Ceramidas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/farmacologia , Vírus da Encefalite Japonesa (Espécie)/imunologia , Vírus da Encefalite Japonesa (Espécie)/fisiologia , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/antagonistas & inibidores , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/metabolismo , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/virologia , Ratos , Encefalite Japonesa/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalite Japonesa/imunologia , Masculino , Nervo Isquiático/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células Th1/imunologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células Th17/imunologia
15.
Metab Eng ; 83: 172-182, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38648878

RESUMO

Microbial bioengineering is a growing field for producing plant natural products (PNPs) in recent decades, using heterologous metabolic pathways in host cells. Once heterologous metabolic pathways have been introduced into host cells, traditional metabolic engineering techniques are employed to enhance the productivity and yield of PNP biosynthetic routes, as well as to manage competing pathways. The advent of computational biology has marked the beginning of a novel epoch in strain design through in silico methods. These methods utilize genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) and flux optimization algorithms to facilitate rational design across the entire cellular metabolic network. However, the implementation of in silico strategies can often result in an uneven distribution of metabolic fluxes due to the rigid knocking out of endogenous genes, which can impede cell growth and ultimately impact the accumulation of target products. In this study, we creatively utilized synthetic biology to refine in silico strain design for efficient PNPs production. OptKnock simulation was performed on the GEM of Saccharomyces cerevisiae OA07, an engineered strain for oleanolic acid (OA) bioproduction that has been reported previously. The simulation predicted that the single deletion of fol1, fol2, fol3, abz1, and abz2, or a combined knockout of hfd1, ald2 and ald3 could improve its OA production. Consequently, strains EK1∼EK7 were constructed and cultivated. EK3 (OA07△fol3), EK5 (OA07△abz1), and EK6 (OA07△abz2) had significantly higher OA titers in a batch cultivation compared to the original strain OA07. However, these increases were less pronounced in the fed-batch mode, indicating that gene deletion did not support sustainable OA production. To address this, we designed a negative feedback circuit regulated by malonyl-CoA, a growth-associated intermediate whose synthesis served as a bypass to OA synthesis, at fol3, abz1, abz2, and at acetyl-CoA carboxylase-encoding gene acc1, to dynamically and autonomously regulate the expression of these genes in OA07. The constructed strains R_3A, R_5A and R_6A had significantly higher OA titers than the initial strain and the responding gene-knockout mutants in either batch or fed-batch culture modes. Among them, strain R_3A stand out with the highest OA titer reported to date. Its OA titer doubled that of the initial strain in the flask-level fed-batch cultivation, and achieved at 1.23 ± 0.04 g L-1 in 96 h in the fermenter-level fed-batch mode. This indicated that the integration of optimization algorithm and synthetic biology approaches was efficiently rational for PNP-producing strain design.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 2): 131423, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583832

RESUMO

This article reveals the binding mechanism between glycyrrhizic acid (GA) and α-synuclein to may provide further information for the modulation of synucleinopathies using bioactive compounds. Therefore, the inhibitory activities of GA against α-synuclein aggregation and induced neurotoxicity were evaluated using different assays. Results showed that α-synuclein-GA binding was mediated by intermolecular hydrogen bonds leading to the formation of a slightly folded complex. Theoretical studies revealed that GA binds to the N-terminal domain of α-synuclein and triggers a compact structure around a major part of the N-terminal and the NAC regions along with fluctuations in the C-terminal domain, which are prerequisites for the inhibition of α-synuclein aggregation. Then, the cellular assays showed that GA as a potential small molecule can inhibit the oligomerization of α-synuclein and relevant neurotoxicity through modulation of neural viability, membrane leakage, and ROS formation in a concentration-dependent manner. As a result, the primary mechanism of GA's anti-aggregation and neuroprotective activities is the reorganized α-synuclein structure and fluctuating C-terminal domain, which promotes long-range transient intramolecular contacts between the N-terminal and the C-terminal domain.


Assuntos
Ácido Glicirrízico , Agregados Proteicos , Sinucleinopatias , alfa-Sinucleína , Humanos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirrízico/química , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Agregados Proteicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/metabolismo , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/tratamento farmacológico , Ligação Proteica , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sinucleinopatias/metabolismo , Sinucleinopatias/patologia
17.
Chemosphere ; 357: 141953, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614395

RESUMO

The effects of culture filtrate of Alexandrium tamarense on Prorocentrum donghaiense and Heterosigma akashiwo were investigated, including determination of algal density, photosynthesis, intracellular enzyme content and activity. The filtrate of A. tamarense had a stronger inhibitory effect on P. donghaiense than H. akashiwo, and the inhibitory effect decreased with higher temperature treatment of the filtrate. Instantaneous fluorescence (Ft) and maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) values of both kinds of target algae were reduced as exposed to the filtrate of A. tamarense, which proved that allelopathy could inhibit the normal operation of photosynthetic system. The increase of Malondialdehyde (MDA) content of the two kinds of target algae indicated that the cell membrane was seriously damaged by allelochemicals released by A. tamarense. The different responses of Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT) activity in two kinds of target algae demonstrated the complexity and diversity of allelopathic mechanism. The filtrate of A. tamarense also influenced the metabolic function (ATPases) of P. donghaiense and H. akashiwo, and the influence on P. donghaiense was greater. Liquid-liquid extraction was used to extract and isolate allelochemicals from the filtrate of A. tamarense. It was found that only component I with molecular weight of 424.2573 and 434.2857 could inhibit the growth of P. donghaiense by HPLC-MS.


Assuntos
Alelopatia , Catalase , Dinoflagellida , Malondialdeído , Feromônios , Fotossíntese , Dinoflagellida/fisiologia , Feromônios/farmacologia , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo
18.
Insects ; 15(4)2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667371

RESUMO

Genome editing provides novel opportunities for the precise genome engineering of diverse organisms. Significant progress has been made in the development of genome-editing tools for Bombyx mori (B. mori) in recent years. Among these, CRISPR/Cas9, which is currently the most commonly used system in lepidopteran insects, recognizes NGG protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) sequences within the target locus. However, Cas9 lacks the ability to target all gene loci in B. mori, indicating the need for Cas9 variants with a larger editing range. In this study, we developed a high-throughput screening platform to validate Cas9 variants at all possible recognizable and editable PAM sites for target sequences in B. mori. This platform enabled us to identify PAM sites that can be recognized by both xCas9 3.7 and SpCas9-NG variants in B. mori and to assess their editing efficiency. Cas9 shows PAM sites every 13 base pairs in the genome, whereas xCas9 3.7 and SpCas9-NG have an average distance of 3.4 and 3.6 base pairs, respectively, between two specific targeting sites. Combining the two Cas9 variants could significantly expand the targeting range of the genome, accelerate research on the B. mori genome, and extend the high-throughput rapid screening platform to other insects, particularly those lacking suitable NGG PAM sequences.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 2): 131557, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614171

RESUMO

In this study, emulsions stabilized by octenyl succinic anhydride-modified broken japonica rice starch (OSA-BJRS) were prepared at different ultrasonic power intensities for the delivery, controlled release, and improved bioavailability of quercetin. The OSA-BJRS emulsions ultrasonicated at 400 W exhibited the highest encapsulation efficiency (89.37 %) and loading efficiency (58.34 %) of quercetin, the smallest volume-average droplet diameter (0.51 µm) and polydispersity index (0.19), the highest absolute value of the ζ-potential (26.73 mV), and the highest apparent viscosity and viscoelasticity. The oxidation stability, storage stability, thermal stability, and salt ion stability of the emulsions were also notably improved by the ultrasonication treatment. In addition, the results of the simulated in vitro digestion demonstrated that the ultrasonicated OSA-BJRS emulsions had an enhanced quercetin delivery performance and could stably transport quercetin to the small intestine for digestion. The OSA-BJRS emulsion ultrasonicated at 400 W exhibited the highest cumulative release rate (95.91 %) and the highest bioavailability (30.48 %) of quercetin. This suggests that OSA-BJRS emulsions prepared by ultrasonication can be considered effective delivery systems for hydrophobic functional components.


Assuntos
Emulsões , Oryza , Quercetina , Amido , Emulsões/química , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Oryza/química , Amido/química , Amido/análogos & derivados , Anidridos Succínicos/química , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Viscosidade , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
20.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; : 1-8, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685856

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a common pathological process in the progression of several chronic liver diseases to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, the development of medications that can repress the progress of liver fibrosis is essential. We discovered that initially, 12ß-(m-methyl-benzoyl)-11,12-dihydro oleanolic acid (12d-OA), a farnesoid X receptor (FXR) modulator, possessed potential anti-fibrotic properties. Through an in-depth study, we revealed that 12d-OA not only inhibited the expression of fibrogenic markers in the LX-2 cells and HSC-T6 cells but also exhibited significant protective effects against liver injury and liver fibrosis in bile duct ligation (BDL) rats. Further exploration of its molecular mechanism indicated that 12d-OA exerted antifibrotic activity by inhibiting the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/stress-activated protein kinase (p38) signaling pathways. Consequently, the great effects of 12d-OA in vitro and in vivo suggest that it may be a good candidate for liver fibrosis.

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