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1.
PeerJ ; 11: e14617, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620751

RESUMO

Background: Bud sport mutation occurs frequently in fruit plants and acts as an important approach for grapevine improvement and breeding. 'Jinzao Wuhe' is a bud sport of the elite cultivar 'Himord Seedless' with obviously enlarged organs and berries. To date, the molecular mechanisms underlying berry enlargement caused by bud sport in grapevines remain unclear. Methods: Whole genome resequencing (WGRS) was performed for two pairs of bud sports and their maternal plants with similar phenotype to identify SNPs, InDels and structural variations (SVs) as well as related genes. Furthermore, transcriptomic sequencing at different developmental stages and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) for 'Jinzao Wuhe' and its maternal plant 'Himord Seedless' were carried out to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which were subsequently analyzed for Gene Ontology (GO) and function annotation. Results: In two pairs of enlarged berry bud sports, a total of 1,334 SNPs, 272 InDels and 74 SVs, corresponding to 1,022 target genes related to symbiotic microorganisms, cell death and other processes were identified. Meanwhile, 1,149 DEGs associated with cell wall modification, stress-response and cell killing might be responsible for the phenotypic variation were also determined. As a result, 42 DEGs between 'Himord Seedless' and 'Jinzao Wuhe' harboring genetic variations were further investigated, including pectin esterase, cellulase A, cytochromes P450 (CYP), UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT), zinc finger protein, auxin response factor (ARF), NAC transcription factor (TF), protein kinase, etc. These candidate genes offer important clues for a better understanding of developmental regulations of berry enlargement in grapevine. Conclusion: Our results provide candidate genes and valuable information for dissecting the underlying mechanisms of berry development and contribute to future improvement of grapevine cultivars.


Assuntos
Frutas , Vitis , Frutas/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Vitis/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Fenótipo , Genômica
2.
BMC Microbiol ; 23(1): 19, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658486

RESUMO

A. Baumannii is an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen which has severe antibiotic resistance. However, the epidemiology is less clearly understood in Jilin province and China. Thus, 89 A. baumannii isolates from a single hospital in Jilin province between 2013-2017 were performed by MLST. In order to better understanding of the epidemiology of Jilin isolates, Chinese strains originated from other domestic regions and worldwide isolates in MLST database were analyzed by silico phylogenetic tools together. A total of 22 STs in Jilin were identified, and 10 STs were found to be novel. The top three predominant sequence types are ST195 (n = 34, 38.2%), ST208 (n = 14, 15.7%) and ST540 (n = 13, 14.6%). ST369 is predicted to be group founder and ST195, ST540 are subgroup founders of the majority STs in Jilin Province. Some newly discovered singletons showed close relationship with strains from other countries, which suggest that nation-cross transmission is one of important origin of Jilin strains. The majority of Jilin STs showed clonality and close relationship with the majorities from other regions of China. But occupation of individual STs in Jilin were different from that of other domestic regions. The aggregation trend and genetic relationship proved that predominant Jilin STs continue to mutate during transmission. Drug resistance facilitated transmission of Jilin A.baumannii isolates because more than 94% of isolates are resistant to at least one carbapenem and the STs with strong resistance to carbapenems usually has more isolates. In conclusion, high diversity and different occupation of STs, and occupation of novel STs proved that epidemiology of A. baumannii in Jilin has special regional characteristics, and drug resistance facilitated transmission of domestic strains and foreign strains.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii , Antibacterianos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , beta-Lactamases/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , Epidemiologia Molecular , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
3.
Aquat Toxicol ; 255: 106393, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621240

RESUMO

Fused and non-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (FNFPAHs) are a type of organic compounds widely occurring in the environment that pose a potential hazard to ecosystem and public health, and thus receive extensive attention from various regulatory agencies. Here, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models were constructed to model the ecotoxicity of FNFPAHs against two aquatic species, Daphnia magna and Oncorhynchus mykiss. According to the stringent OECD guidelines, we used genetic algorithm (GA) plus multiple linear regression (MLR) approach to establish QSAR models of the two aquatic toxicity endpoints: D. magna (48 h LC50) and O. mykiss (96 h LC50). The models were established using simple 2D descriptors with explicit physicochemical significance and evaluated using various internal/external validation metrics. The results clearly show that both models are statistically robust (QLOO2 = 0.7834 for D. magna and QLOO2 = 0.8162 for O. mykiss), have good internal fitness (R2 = 0.8159 for D. magna and R2 = 0.8626 for O. mykiss and external predictive ability (D. magna: Rtest2 = 0.8259, QFn2 = 0.7640∼0.8140, CCCtest = 0.8972; O. mykiss:Rtest2 = 0.8077, QFn2 = 0.7615∼0.7722, CCCtest = 0.8910). To prove the predictive performance of the developed models, an additional comparison with the standard ECOSAR tool obviously shows that our models have lower RMSE values. Subsequently, we utilized the best models to predict the true external set compounds collected from the PPDB database to further fill the toxicity data gap. In addition, consensus models (CMs) that integrate all validated individual models (IMs) were more externally predictive than IMs, of which CM2 has the best prediction performance towards the two aquatic species. Overall, the models presented here could be used to evaluate unknown FNFPAHs inside the domain of applicability (AD), thus being very important for environmental risk assessment under current regulatory frameworks.

4.
Pain ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602299

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Chronic pain has been one of the leading causes of disability. Acupuncture is globally used in chronic pain management. However, the efficacy of acupuncture treatment varies across patients. Identifying individual factors and developing approaches that predict medical benefits may promise important scientific and clinical applications. Here, we investigated the psychological and neurological factors collected prior to treatment that would determine acupuncture efficacy in knee osteoarthritis. In this neuroimaging-based randomized controlled trial, 52 patients completed a baseline assessment, 4-week acupuncture or sham-acupuncture treatment, and an assessment after treatment. The patients, magnetic resonance imaging operators, and outcome evaluators were blinded to treatment group assignment. First, we found that patients receiving acupuncture treatment showed larger pain intensity improvements compared to patients in the sham-acupuncture arm. Second, positive expectation, extraversion, and emotional attention were correlated with the magnitude of clinical improvements in the acupuncture group. Third, the identified neurological metrics encompassed striatal volumes, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) cortical thickness, PCC/precuneus fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF), striatal fALFF, and graph-based small-worldness of the DMN and striatum. Specifically, functional metrics predisposing patients to acupuncture improvement changed as a consequence of acupuncture treatment while structural metrics remained stable. Furthermore, support vector machine models applied to the questionnaire and brain features could jointly predict acupuncture improvement with an accuracy of 81.48%. Besides, the correlations and models were not significant in the sham-acupuncture group. These results demonstrate the specific psychological, brain functional, and structural predictors of acupuncture improvement and may offer opportunities to aid clinical practices.

5.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 23(1): 22, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639747

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The simultaneous use of drugs with different mechanisms of analgesic action is a strategy for achieving effective pain control while minimizing dose-related side effects. Choline was described to potentiate the analgesic action of parecoxib sodium at small doses in several inflammatory pain models. However, these findings are still very limited, and more associated data are required to confirm the effectiveness of the combined choline and parecoxib sodium therapy against inflammatory pain. METHODS: Adult rats were randomly divided into 9 groups (N = 6/group). The sham surgery group received an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of saline. Rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve received saline, choline (cho, 6, 12 and 24 mg/kg), parecoxib sodium (pare, 3, 6, and 12 mg/kg), or a combination of choline 6 mg/kg and parecoxib sodium 3 mg/kg. Mechanical and heat pain thresholds were measured at 30 min after drug treatment at Days 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 after CCI. Another 30 rats were divided into 5 groups (N = 6/group): the sham, CCI + saline, CCI + cho-6 mg/kg, CCI + pare-3 mg/kg, and CCI + cho-6 mg/kg + pare-3 mg/kg groups. After repeated drug treatment for 7 days, five rats were randomly selected from each group, and the lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) (L4-6) were harvested for western blot analysis. RESULTS: Choline significantly attenuated mechanical and heat hypersensitivity in CCI rats at 12 and 24 mg/kg doses (P < 0.05) but was not effective at the 6 mg/kg dose. Parecoxib sodium exerted significant pain inhibitory effects at the 6 and 12 mg/kg doses (P < 0.05) but not at the 3 mg/kg dose. Combining a low dose of choline (6 mg/kg) and parecoxib sodium (3 mg/kg) produced significant pain inhibition in CCI rats and reduced the expression of high mobility group protein 1 (HMGB1) and nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 (NF-κBp65) in L4-6 DRGs. CONCLUSION: 1. In a rat model of chronic neuropathic pain (CCI), at a certain dose, choline or parecoxib sodium can alleviate mechanical pain and thermal hyperalgesia caused by CCI. 2. The combination of choline and parecoxib sodium in nonanalgesic doses can effectively relieve neuropathic pain, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the high mobility group protein 1 (HMGB1)/Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathway.


Assuntos
Colina , Isoxazóis , Neuralgia , Animais , Ratos , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Constrição , Proteína HMGB1 , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia/etiologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático , Colina/farmacologia , Isoxazóis/farmacologia
6.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0268822, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651764

RESUMO

Mosquitoes and biting Culicoides species are arbovirus vectors. Effective virome profile surveillance is essential for the prevention and control of insect-borne diseases. From June to September 2021, we collected eight species of female mosquito and Culicoides on Zhoushan Island, China, and used meta-viromic sequencing to analyze their virome compositions and characteristics. The classified virus reads were distributed in 191 genera in 66 families. The virus sequences in mosquitoes with the largest proportions were Iflaviridae (30.03%), Phasmaviridae (23.09%), Xinmoviridae (21.82%), Flaviviridae (13.44%), and Rhabdoviridae (8.40%). Single-strand RNA+ viruses formed the largest proportions of viruses in all samples. Blood meals indicated that blood-sucking mosquito hosts were mainly chicken, duck, pig, and human, broadly consistent with the habitats where the mosquitoes were collected. Novel viruses of the Orthobunyavirus, Narnavirus, and Iflavirus genera were found in Culicoides by de-novo assembly. The viruses with vertebrate hosts carried by mosquitoes and Culicoides also varied widely. The analysis of unclassified viruses and deep-learning analysis of the "dark matter" in the meta-viromic sequencing data revealed the presence of a large number of unknown viruses. IMPORTANCE The monitoring of the viromes of mosquitoes and Culicoides, widely distributed arbovirus transmission vectors, is crucial to evaluate the risk of infectious disease transmission. In this study, the compositions of the viromes of mosquitoes and Culicoides on Zhoushan Island varied widely and were related mainly to the host species, with different host species having different core viromes. and many unknown sequences in the Culicoides viromes remain to be annotated, suggesting the presence of a large number of unknown viruses.

7.
J Neurosurg Pediatr ; : 1-8, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670533

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative blood loss is a major challenge in pediatric brain tumor removal. Several clinical and surgical factors may influence the occurrence of intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion. This study aimed to identify the risk factors of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion for pediatric patients undergoing brain tumor removal. METHODS: A total of 297 pediatric patients undergoing brain tumor removal were selected in this retrospective, singlecenter study. Demographic data, laboratory data, imaging data, and surgical records were collected, and then independent risk factors for intraoperative blood loss and transfusion were identified using multivariate stepwise regression analysis. RESULTS: The median intraoperative blood loss in our cohort was 23.1 ml/kg (IQR 10.0-60.0 ml/kg). In total, 284 (95.6%) patients received intraoperative RBC transfusion, with a median amount of 0.2 U/kg (IQR 0.0-2.6 U/kg). Age (ß = -0.189; 95% CI [-1.359, -0.473]; p < 0.001); preoperative hemoglobin level (ß = -0.141; 95% CI [-1.528, -0.332]; p = 0.003); anesthesia time (ß = 0.189; 95% CI [0.098, 0.302]; p < 0.001); unclear tumor boundary (ß = 0.100; 95% CI [2.067, 41.053]; p = 0.031); tumor size (ß = 0.390; 95% CI [14.706, 24.342]; p < 0.001); and intraoperative continuous infusion of vasopressor (ß = 0.155; 95% CI [13.364, 52.400]; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of intraoperative blood loss. Independent predictors of the need for RBC transfusion included age (ß = -0.268; 95% CI [-0.007, -0.004]; p < 0.001); preoperative hemoglobin level (ß = -0.117; 95% CI [-0.005, -0.001]; p = 0.003); anesthesia time (ß = 0.221; 95% CI [0.001, 0.001]; p < 0.001); unclear tumor boundary (ß = 0.110; 95% CI [0.024, 0.167]; p = 0.010); tumor size (ß = 0.370; 95% CI [0.056, 0.092]; p < 0.001); intraoperative continuous infusion of vasopressor (ß = 0.157; 95% CI [0.062, 0.205]; p < 0.001); and tumor grade (ß = 0.107; 95% CI [0.007, 0.062]; p = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, age, preoperative hemoglobin, tumor size, anesthesia time, continuous infusion of vasopressors, and unclear tumor boundary were the main determinants for intraoperative blood loss and RBC transfusion in pediatric patients undergoing brain tumor removal. Clinical trial registration no.: ChiCTR1900024803 (ChiCTR.org).

8.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678238

RESUMO

Drinking alcohol during adolescence has short-term and long-term effects on physical and mental health. At this stage, teenagers are greatly influenced by their schoolmates and friends. We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study to investigate the association between school environment factors and adolescents' drinking behavior in China. Using multistage stratified cluster sampling, the study investigated 27,762 middle school students from six cities in China. The logistic regression model was used to explore the association between the school environment and adolescent alcohol drinking behaviors after adjusting for confounders, including gender, age, city, location, and smoking status. Compared with students with none of their close friends drinking, students with more than half of their close friends drinking were more likely to drink in a year (OR = 20.148, 95% CI: 17.722-22.905, p < 0.001) and in a month (OR = 13.433, 95% CI: 11.779-15.319, p < 0.001). In addition, classmates' drinking behaviors, friends' persuasion, and attending parties were risk factors for adolescents' drinking behavior, while the propaganda and regulations of banning drinking in school were protective factors. The school environment, especially friends drinking, is associated with students' drinking behavior. It is necessary to mobilize the strength of schools and peers to strengthen the prevention and control of adolescent drinking.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Consumo de Álcool por Menores , Adolescente , Humanos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
9.
One Health ; 16: 100481, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683960

RESUMO

The rhizosphere is an extremely important component of the "one health" scenario by linking the soil microbiome and plants, in which the potential enrichment of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) might ultimately flow into the human food chain. Despite the increased occurrence of soil-borne diseases, which can lead to increased use of pesticides and antibiotic-producing biocontrol agents, the understanding of the dynamics of ARG spread in the rhizosphere is largely overlooked. Here, tomato seedlings grown in soils conducive and suppressive to the pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum were selected as a model to investigate ARG spread in the rhizosphere with and without pathogen invasion. Metagenomics data revealed that R. solanacearum invasion increased the density of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs). Although we found ARGs originating from human pathogenic bacteria in both soils, the enrichment was alleviated in the suppressive soil. In summary, the suppressive soil hindered ARG spread through pathogen suppression and had a lower number of taxa carrying antibiotic resistance.

10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 195: 300-309, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657295

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) in the soil affects the growth and development of plants and causes damages to the human body through the food chain. Here, we identified and cloned a Pb-tolerance gene ZmPIP2;5 based on a weighted gene co-expression network analysis and gene-based association studies. We showed that ZmPIP2;5 encodes a plasma membrane aquaporin and positively regulated Pb tolerance and accumulation in Arabidopsis and yeast. Overexpression of ZmPIP2;5 increased root length and fresh weight of Arabidopsis seedlings under Pb stress. Heterologous expression of ZmPIP2;5 in yeast caused the enhanced growth speed under Pb treatment and Pb accumulation in yeast cells. A (T/A) SNP in the ZmPIP2;5 promoter affected the expression abundance of ZmPIP2;5 and thereby led to the difference in Pb tolerance among different maize lines. Our study helps to understand the mechanism underlying plant tolerance to Pb stress and provides new ideas for breeding Pb-tolerance maize varieties via molecular marker-assisted selection.

11.
Food Chem ; 409: 135268, 2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592603

RESUMO

This study explored the effect of three different industrial drying methods on the physicochemical, nutritional, and safety profile of goji berries. The hot-air (HD) and microwave drying (MD) methods yielded berries with relatively high polysaccharide content, while vacuum freeze-drying (FD) yielded dried berries with better sensory qualities but relatively less polysaccharide content. The polysaccharides obtained from the HD and MD berries had lower molecular weight, high antioxidant activity and high degrees of Maillard reaction. Further investigations revealed that all three methods, in particular HD and MD, generated high levels of intermediate Maillard reaction products (55.8-86.3 mg/kg) and advanced glycation end-products (fluorescent intensity of 26784-51712), based on significant reduction of reducing sugar and amino acids in the HD and MD berries (p < 0.05). These findings highlight the need to scrutinize the effectiveness of traditional and emerging drying technologies used to produce safe fruits.


Assuntos
Lycium , Lycium/química , Frutas/química , Dessecação/métodos , Antioxidantes/química , Polissacarídeos/química
12.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 181: 106350, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496165

RESUMO

Epothilone B (EpoB) is an FDA-approved anti-neoplastic agent used to treat metastatic breast cancer; However, its usage is limited due to its severe peripheral neurotoxicity. Ferroptosis is a type of programmed cell death triggered by iron accumulation, and it is induced by lipid peroxidation. Ferroptosis has been linked to multiple diseases, including cancer, type 2 diabetes, and neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we assessed the role of ferroptosis in EpoB-induced neural dysfunction. Our results revealed that EpoB induced ferroptosis, which was significantly reduced by the ferroptosis inhibitor Fer-1. In addition, EpoB decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential and the cytochrome c levels in Schwann cells (SCs). The antioxidant MitoTEMPO, which targets the mitochondria, reduced ferroptosis brought on by EpoB. Moreover, we demonstrated that in vivo EpoB-induced myelin degradation and neuronal dysfunction were mitigated by SRT1720, a Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) activator, and by SRT1720 and mitoquinone mesylate (mitoQ). Our results suggest that ferroptosis elicited by EpoB is caused by mitochondrial damage mediated by SIRT1 inactivation and that ferroptosis causes neural dysfunction following EpoB.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ferroptose , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Células de Schwann/metabolismo
13.
J Dairy Sci ; 106(2): 897-911, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526462

RESUMO

Yogurt and its related products are popular worldwide. During transportation and storage, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus in yogurt continues to metabolize to form lactic acid, the postacidification phenomenon of yogurt. Postacidification of yogurt is a widespread phenomenon in the dairy industry. Many scholars have done research on controlling the postacidification process, but few report on the molecular mechanisms involved. In this study, we used a molecular-assisted approach to screen food additives that can inhibit postacidification and analyzed its effects on yogurt quality as well as its regulatory mechanism from multi-omics perspectives in combination. The copper ion was found to upregulate the expression of the LDB_RS05285 gene, and the copper transporter-related genes were regulated by copper. Based on the metabolic-level analysis, copper was found to promote lactose hydrolysis, accumulate a large amount of glucose and galactose, inhibit the conversion of glucose to lactic acid, and reduce the production of lactic acid. The significantly greater abundance of l-isoleucine and l-phenylalanine increased the abundance of 3-methylbutyraldehyde (∼1.2 times) and benzaldehyde (∼7.9 times) to different degrees, which contributed to the formation of the overall flavor of yogurt. Copper not only stabilizes the acidity of yogurt, but also it improves the flavor of yogurt. Through this established method involving quantitative and correlation analyses at the transcriptional and metabolic levels, this study provides guidance for the research and development of food additives that inhibit postacidification of yogurt and provide a reference for studying the changes of metabolites during storage of yogurt.


Assuntos
Cobre , Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Animais , Fermentação , Cobre/metabolismo , Iogurte/análise , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Óperon , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Streptococcus thermophilus/metabolismo
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 245(Pt 1): 114886, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347091

RESUMO

Sixty-one palmatine (PMT) derivatives, of which twenty-eight were new, were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-fibrogenic activities via collagen type I α 1 (COL1A1)-promoter based luciferase model in LX-2 cells, taking 2,3,10-trimethoxy-9-p-isopropyloxyprotopalmatine bromide (1) as the lead. Among them, compound 3a exerted the highest potency with the IC50 value of 8.19 µmol/L and SI value of 8.59, and reduced the expressions of multiple fibrogenic biomarkers, including COL1A1, TGF-ß1, α-SMA and TIMP1 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, it significantly reduced liver steatosis and inflammation, and especially attenuated the degree of liver fibrosis in choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined, high-fat diet (CDAHFD)-induced NASH mice model in vivo. Mechanism study indicated that it significantly ameliorated liver injury by activating farnesoid X receptor (FXR). BDL-induced fibrosis rats model further verified its liver-protective and anti-fibrosis activities. Therefore, PMT derivatives constituted a new family of non-steroidal FXR agonists as anti-NASH candidates, with the advantage of good safety profile, and are worthy for further investigation.


Assuntos
Antifibróticos , Alcaloides de Berberina , Fígado , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Camundongos , Ratos , Alcaloides de Berberina/química , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/uso terapêutico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Antifibróticos/química , Antifibróticos/farmacologia , Antifibróticos/uso terapêutico
15.
Food Chem ; 408: 135230, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549163

RESUMO

The work aimed to assess the antioxidant ability and obtain a new antioxidant peptide from rice bran protein. Rice bran protein was hydrolyzed by Alcalase, Neutral, Pepsin, Chymotrypsin, and Trypsin, separately. Trypsin hydrolysate (T-RBPH) showed high Fe2+ chelating activity (IC50, 2.271 ± 0.007 mg/mL), DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging ability (IC50, 0.191 ± 0.006 and 1.038 ± 0.034 mg/mL). Moreover, T-RBPH could alleviate the H2O2-induced oxidative damage in Caco-2. The T-RBPH was purified and identified by UF, GF, FPLC, and LC-MS/MS. Finally, 9-amino acid peptide-AFDEGPWPK with low molecular weight (1045.48 Da), high antioxidant activity, good safety, and solubility was screened by in silico method and chemical oxidation determination, and its interaction with Keap1 was also demonstrated. The ORAC and DPPH radical scavenging ability of AFDEGPWPK were 44.16 ± 0.79 and 28.38 ± 0.14 µmol TE/mM. Moreover, the Molecular docking and Western blot (WB) results showed that AFDEGPWPK could enter the binding pocket in the Kelch domain and activate Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Oryza , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Oryza/química , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Tripsina/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(1): 91-104, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We performed this network meta-analysis to determine the comparative efficacy of formocresol (FC), ferric sulfate (FS), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), calcium hydroxide (CH), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), biodentine, and laser for pulpotomy of molar teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An updated search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before October 30, 2022, after screening previous meta-analyses. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to appraise the methodological quality of included studies. Clinical and radiographic success rates were assessed as outcomes. Random network meta-analysis was performed by using STATA software (version 14.0) with "network" command. RESULTS: A total of 43 RCTs were included. Network meta-analysis indicated that CH was inferior to other medicaments and techniques in all outcomes, and MTA and biodentine was better than FC, FS, and NaOCl in terms of clinical and radiographic success rates. Results of ranking probabilities suggested that MTA ranked first in all outcomes except for clinical success at both 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that MTA was associated with significant improvement in both clinical and radiographic success than other pulpotomy medicaments and techniques, with the highest probability of being the optimal option. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The current network meta-analysis determined the comparative efficacy and safety of 7 common pulpotomy medicaments in molar pulpotomy, including FC, FS, NaOCl, CH, MTA, biodentine, and laser, and the pooled results revealed comparable efficacy in clinical and radiographic success rates at 6 and 12 months between FC, FS, and NaOCl in primary molars pulpotomies. However, MTA, biodentine and laser may have more advantages than other pulpotomy medicaments for clinical and radiographic success. Therefore, in clinical practice, practitioners should select MTA, biodentine, or laser as pulpotomy medicaments in molar pulpotomy.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1062575, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457528

RESUMO

Roots are the major organs for water and nutrient acquisition and substantially affect plant growth, development and reproduction. Improvements to root system architecture are highly important for the increased yield potential of bread wheat. QMrl-7B, a major stable quantitative trait locus (QTL) that controls maximum root length (MRL), essentially contributes to an improved root system in wheat. To further analyze the biological functions of QMrl-7B in root development, two sets of Triticum aestivum near-isogenic lines (NILs), one with superior QMrl-7B alleles from cultivar Kenong 9204 (KN9204) named NILKN9204 and another with inferior QMrl-7B alleles from cultivar Jing 411 (J411) named NILJ411, were subjected to transcriptomic analysis. Among all the mapped genes analyzed, 4871 genes were identified as being differentially expressed between the pairwise NILs under different nitrogen (N) conditions, with 3543 genes expressed under normal-nitrogen (NN) condition and 2689 genes expressed under low-nitrogen (LN) condition. These genes encode proteins that mainly include N O 3 - transporters, phytohormone signaling components and transcription factors (TFs), indicating the presence of a complex regulatory network involved in root determination. In addition, among the 13524 LN-induced differentially expressed genes (DEGs) detected in this study, 4308 and 2463 were specifically expressed in the NILKN9204 and NILJ411, respectively. These DEGs reflect different responses of the two sets of NILs to varying N supplies, which likely involve LN-induced root growth. These results explain the better-developed root system and increased root vitality conferred by the superior alleles of QMrl-7B and provide a deeper understanding of the genetic underpinnings of root traits, pointing to a valuable locus suitable for future breeding efforts for sustainable agriculture.

18.
Brain Behav Immun Health ; 26: 100557, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457826

RESUMO

Background: Gut microbiome and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are implicated in the development of depression, but the effect of their interactions on the risk of depression remains unclear. We aim to analyze the effect of interactions between gut microbiome and IBD on the risk of depression, and explore candidate genes involving the interactions. Methods: Using the individual genotype and depression traits data from the UK Biobank, we calculated the polygenetic risk scores (PRS) of 114 gut microbiome, ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and total IBD (CD + UC) respectively. The effects of interactions between gut microbiome and IBD on depression were assessed through a linear regression model. Moreover, for observed significant interactions between gut microbiome PRS and IBD PRS, PLINK software was used to test pair-wise single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) interaction of corresponding gut microbiome PRS and IBD PRS on depression. Results: We found 64 candidate interactions between gut microbiome and IBD on four phenotypes of depression, such as F_Lachnospiraceae (RNT) × (CD + UC) for patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score (P = 1.48 × 10-3), F_Veillonellaceae (HB) × UC for self-reported depression (P = 2.83 × 10-3) and P_Firmicutes (RNT) × CD for age at first episode of depression (P = 8.50 × 10-3). We observed interactions of gut-microbiome-associated SNPs × IBD-associated SNPs, such as G_Alloprevotella (HB)-associated rs147650986 (GPM6A) × IBD-associated rs114471990 (QRICH1) (P = 2.26 × 10-4). Conclusion: Our results support the effects of interactions between gut microbiome and IBD on depression risk, and reported several novel candidate genes for depression.

19.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111929, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461190

RESUMO

The post-acidification of yogurt results in short shelf life, undesirable flavor, and sour taste, making it unacceptable to consumers. Many scholars have proposed several solutions to this problem. However, the existing methods of inhibiting post-acidification cannot fundamentally solve this problem. So exploring the molecular mechanism behind post-acidification can be a better approach to finding the solution. Therefore, we first evaluated the correlation between 69 candidate genes for post-acidification and changes in the acidity of yogurt fermented with different Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and mined a biomarker LDB_RS00370 for post-acidification. Subsequently, this biomarker was used for large-scale screening of food additives that could inhibit post-acidification, and niacin was found to be the most representative one. Finally, the mechanism of niacin inhibiting post-acidification of yogurt was analyzed by RNA-seq, which revealed that post-acidification might be inhibited by affecting protein synthesis and glycolysis. This study opens up a novel perspective on molecular prediction of the post-acidification process, which could provide guidance for precautions to be taken in yogurt production.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Niacina , Iogurte , Biomarcadores , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
20.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt B): 112076, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461393

RESUMO

Sugar, as an essential component of beverages, not only provides sweetness in beverages but also plays a significant role in their flavor, texture, and preservation. In recent years, global sugar consumption has continued to increase, causing a variety of health concerns. Currently, there is growing awareness of the adverse effects of high-sugar consumption. Since beverages are the primary source of daily sugar intake, sugar reduction in beverages is imperative. In this work, the necessity of sugar reduction in beverages was first introduced. Furthermore, four primary sugar reduction strategies (direct sugar reduction, multi-sensory integration, sweeteners, and sweetness enhancers) employed in the beverage industry were systematically summarized. Each sugar reduction strategy was critically compared, while the current research progresses as well as challenges were discussed. The application of sweeteners is the most effective and widely used strategy for sugar reduction in spite of flavor and health concerns of sweeteners. Meanwhile, multi-sensory integration is also a promising strategy for sugar reduction. In addition, different evaluation methods (chemical, cell-based and sensory methods) for sweetness were overviewed. Given the current challenges of sugar reduction, the prospects of sugar reduction in beverages were also discussed. The present work can provide the current progress for sugar reduction in the beverage industry.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Açúcares , Edulcorantes , Açúcares da Dieta
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