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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473485

RESUMO

MXene quantum dots feature favorable biological compatibility and superior optical properties, offering great potential for biomedical applications such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and fluorescence sensing. However, the ROS scavenging mechanism is still unclear and the MXene-based materials for ROS sensing are still scarce. Here, we report a nitrogen-doped titanium carbide quantum dot (N-Ti3C2 QD) antioxidant with effective ROS scavenging ability. The doped nitrogen atoms promote the electrochemical interaction between N-Ti3C2 QDs and free radicals and thus enhance their antioxidant performance. Density functional theory (DFT) simulations reveal the hydroxyl radical quenching process and confirm that the doped N element promotes the free-radical absorption ability, especially for -F and -O functional groups in N-Ti3C2 QDs. Furthermore, N-Ti3C2 QDs show rapid, accurate, and remarkable sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide in the range of 5 nM-5.5 µM with a limit of detection of 1.2 nM within 15 s, which is the lowest detection limit of the existing fluorescent probes up to now. Our results provide a new category of antioxidant materials, a real-time hydrogen peroxide sensing probe, promoting the research and development of MXene in bioscience and biotechnology.

3.
Cell Signal ; 87: 110141, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487815

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury elicits an inflammatory response that drives tissue damage and cardiac remodeling. The trafficking and recruitment of inflammatory cells are controlled by C-X-C motif chemokine ligands and their receptors. CXCL16, a hallmark of acute coronary syndromes, is responsible for the recruitment of macrophages, monocytes and T lymphocytes. However, its role in cardiac I/R injury remains poorly characterized. Here we reported that CXCL16-mediated cardiac infiltration of CD11b+Ly6C+ cells played a crucial role in IL-18-induced myocardial inflammation, apoptosis and left ventricular(LV) dysfunction during I/R. Treatment with CXCL16 shRNA attenuated I/R-induced cardiac injury, LV remodeling and cardiac inflammation by reducing the recruitment of inflammatory cells and the release of TNFα, IL-17 and IFN-γ in the heart. We found that I/R-mediated NLRP3/IL-18 signaling pathway triggered CXCL16 transcription in cardiac vascular endothelial cells(VECs). Two binding sites of FOXO3 were found at the promoter region of CXCL16. By luciferase report assay and ChIP analysis, we confirmed that FOXO3 was responsible for endothelial CXCL16 transcription. A pronounced reduction of CXCL16 was observed in FOXO3 siRNA pretreated-VECs. Further experiments revealed that IL-18 activated FOXO3 by promoting the phosphorylation of STAT3 but not STAT4. An interaction between FOXO3 and STAT3 enhanced the transcription of CXCL16 induced by FOXO3. Treatment with Anakinra or Stattic either effectively inhibited IL-18-mediated nuclear import of FOXO3 and CXCL16 transcription. Our findings suggested that IL-18 accelerated I/R-induced cardiac damage and dysfunction through activating CXCL-16 and CXCL16-mediated cardiac infiltration of the CD11b+Ly6C+ cells. CXCL16 might be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of I/R-related ischemic heart diseases.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490857

RESUMO

The vibrational- and rotational-mode specificity of the multichannel NH+ + H2 reaction is studied on a recently constructed ab initio-based global potential energy surface using an initial state selected quasi-classical trajectory method, and the trajectories are analyzed using an isometric feature mapping and k-means approach. All excitation modes promote two reactions (R1: NH'+ + H2 → NH+ + HH' and R4: NH'+ + H2 → NH2+ + H') where both NH and HH bonds are broken, but reduce the reactivity of the proton-transfer reaction R2 (NH'+ + H2 → N + H'H2+) at low collision energies. For the hydrogen-transfer reaction R3 (NH'+ + H2 → HNH'+ + H), the rotational excitation of NH+ enhances the reactivity remarkably, while its vibrational excitation has an inhibiting effect on the reaction. The trajectory analyses show that the vibrational and rotational excitations of NH+ make R3 tend to go over a submerged saddle point instead of extracting hydrogen atoms directly. On the other hand, the motions of the H2 reactant facilitate the enhancement of the reactivity but they do not affect the mechanism of R3. In addition, the results suggest that the coupling of the isometric feature mapping and the k-means approach in the trajectory analysis is an appropriate tool for reaction-dynamics studies.

5.
Analyst ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490872

RESUMO

The stability, repeatability and sensitivity of an electrochemical biosensor material are closely connected with the dispersibility of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) in aqueous media. Herein, a nanocomposite based on Cu-MOF/hemin, which is not only highly water-soluble but also simple and efficient in synthesis, was used for the construction of a non-enzymatic sensor to detect hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The Cu-MOF/hemin was characterized via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)-mapping, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), which indicate that hemin and the Cu-MOF were successfully combined. As a H2O2 electrochemical biomimetic enzyme, the Cu-MOF/hemin exhibited excellent electrocatalytic performance, which was confirmed by the electrochemical experiments and chromogenic reactions, and the possible mechanism of the reactions has been deduced. The electrochemical sensor based on the biomimetic enzyme exhibited an extended linear detection range from 0.01-5.0 mM (R = 0.998), low detection limit of 4.14 µM, and high selectivity and stability under the optimized conditions. More importantly, the practical application ability of the sensor was verified by the test of H2O2 in human serum samples and it could be used for the real-time detection of H2O2 released from living cells with satisfactory results. Therefore, this novel nanocomposite has certain potential in preparing electrochemical sensing platforms for nonenzymatic biosensing and provides a new method for clinical diagnosis and real-time monitoring.

6.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497381

RESUMO

Aged bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) exhibit aberrant self-renewal and lineage specification, which contribute to imbalanced bone-fat and progressive bone loss. In addition to known master regulators of lineage commitment, it is crucial to identify pivotal switches governing the specific differentiation fate of aged BMSCs. Here, we profiled differences in epigenetic regulation between adipogenesis and osteogenesis and identified super-enhancer associated lncRNA nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) as a key bone-fat switch in aged BMSCs. We validated that NEAT1 with high enhancer activity was transcriptionally activated by ATF2 and directed aged BMSCs to a greater propensity to differentiate toward adipocytes than osteoblasts by mediating mitochondrial function. Furthermore, we confirmed NEAT1 as a protein-binding scaffold in which phosphorylation modification of SOX2 Ser249/250 by CDK2 impaired SOX2/OCT4 complex stability and dysregulated downstream transcription networks of pluripotency maintenance. In addition, by sponging miR-27b-3p, NEAT1 upregulated BNIP3L, BMP2K, and PPARG expression to shape mitochondrial function and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation commitment, respectively. In extracellular communication, NEAT1 promoted CSF1 secretion from aged BMSCs and then strengthened osteoclastic differentiation by extracellular vesicle delivery. Notably, Neat1 small interfering RNA delivery induced increased bone mass in aged mice and decreased fat accumulation in the bone marrow. These findings suggest that NEAT1 regulates the lineage fates of BMSCs by orchestrating mitochondrial function and pluripotency maintenance, and might be a potential therapeutic target for skeletal aging.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(8): 083901, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477417

RESUMO

We theoretically reveal the link between two types of self-acceleration mechanisms widely emerging in wave dynamics and experimentally demonstrate such a connection via pulse interactions in nonlinear optical fibers. We find that, in order to realize a pulse pair subjected to a diametric drive acceleration, one of the two components can be directly obtained from a self-accelerating Airy-like pulse under appropriate conditions. Such a form of synchronized acceleration cannot be achieved by approaches previously used to generate diametric drive acceleration. Our results generalize the fundamental concept of diametric drive acceleration and may bring about unconventional approaches to control self-accelerating waves.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494284

RESUMO

Previous studies reveal that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) exerts neuroprotection against neurotoxin-induced Parkinson's disease (PD), but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The present study was aimed to investigate whether H2 S inhibits neuronal apoptosis of substantia nigra with the involvement of autophagy via promoting leptin signaling in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced PD rats. In this study, neuronal apoptosis was analyzed by TUNEL staining, the activity of caspase-3 was measured by Caspase-3 fluorometric assay kit, the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, LC3II, P62 and leptin were determined by Western blot analysis, and the numbers of autophagosomes and autolysosomes were assessed by Transmission electron microscopy. Results showed that NaHS, a donor of exogenous H2 S, mitigates 6-OHDA-induced the increases in the numbers of TUNEL-positive cells, the activity of caspase-3 and the expression of Bax, and attenuates 6-OHDA-induced a decrease in the expression of Bcl-2 in substantia nigra of rats. In addition, 6-OHDA enhanced the expressions of Beclin-1, LC3-II and P62, increased the number of autophagosomes, and decreased the number of autolysosomes in the substantia nigra, which were also blocked by administration of NaHS. Furthermore, NaHS reversed 6-OHDA-induced the down-regulation of leptin expression in the substantia nigra, and treatment with leptin-OBR, a blocking antibody of leptin receptor, attenuated the inhibition of NaHS on neuronal apoptosis and the improvement of NaHS on the blocked autophagic flux in substantia nigra of 6-OHDA-treated rats. Taken together, these results demonstrated that H2 S attenuates neuronal apoptosis of substantia nigra depending on restoring impaired autophagic flux through up-regulating leptin signaling in PD.

9.
Behav Brain Res ; : 113562, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous works demonstrated that ß2-microglobulin (ß2m), a systemic pro-aging factor, induce depressive-like behaviors. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is identified as a potential target for treatment of depression. The aim of the present work is to explore whether H2S antagonizes ß2m-induced depressive-like behaviors and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The depressive-like behaviors were detected using the novelty suppressed feeding test (NSFT), tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST) and open field test (OFT). The expressions of Warburg-related proteins, including hexokinase II (HK II), pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1(PDK1), and synaptic plasticity-related proteins, including postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) and synaptophysin1 (SYN1), were determined by western blotting. RESULT: we found that NaHS (the donor of H2S) attenuated the depressive-like behaviors in the ß2m-exposed rats, as judged by NSFT, TST, FST, and OFT. We also demonstrated that NaHS enhanced the synaptic plasticity, as evidenced by the upregulations of PSD95 and SYN1 expressions in the hippocampus of ß2m-exposed rats. Furthermore, NaHS improved the Warburg effect in the hippocampus of ß2m-exposed rats, as evidenced by the upregulations of HK II, PKM2, LDHA and PDK1 expressions, and the downregulation of PDH expression. CONCLUSION: H2S prevents ß2m-induced depressive-like behaviors, which is involved in improvement of hippocampal synaptic plasticity as a result of enhancement of hippocampal Warburg effect.

10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 430, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measurement-based care (MBC) is an evidence-based practice for depression, but its use by clinicians remains low. Enhanced MBC (eMBC), which uses digital technologies, can help to facilitate the use of MBC by clinicians and patients. Understanding factors that act as barriers and drivers to the implementation of MBC and eMBC is important to support the design of implementation strategies, promoting uptake by clinicians and patients. OBJECTIVE: This situational analysis identifies barriers and facilitators to the implementation of standard and eMBC at mental health centers in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We used mixed methods to develop a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing MBC and eMBC implementation in Shanghai. This study took place across three mental health centers in Shanghai. We used situational analysis tools to collect contextual information about the three centers, conducted surveys with n = 116 clinicians and n = 301 patients, conducted semi-structured interviews with n = 30 clinicians and six focus groups with a total of n = 19 patients. Surveys were analysed using descriptive statistics, and semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using framework analysis. RESULTS: Several potential barriers and facilitators to MBC and eMBC implementation were identified. Infrastructure, cost, attitudes and beliefs, and perceptions about feasibility and efficacy emerged as both challenges and drivers to MBC and eMBC implementation in Shanghai. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study will directly inform the design of an implementation strategy for MBC and eMBC in Shanghai, that will be tested via a randomized controlled trial. This study contributes to the emerging body of literature on MBC implementation and, to the best of our knowledge, is the first such study to take place in Asia. This study identifies several factors that are relevant to the equitable delivery of MBC, recognizing the need to explicitly address equity concerns in global mental health implementation research.


Assuntos
Depressão , Saúde Mental , China , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Connect Tissue Res ; : 1-12, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355626

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to elucidate the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation combined with the administration of Lugua polypeptide injection into the knee joint cavity to treat knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in rabbits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty white New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into the blank, model, Lugua polypeptide, BMSC, and combined (Lugua polypeptide plus BMSC) groups, with 12 rabbits in each group. The mRNA and protein expression levels of cyclin D1, bcl-2, TIMP-1, p21, caspase-3, Bax, MMP-1, MMP-13, TLR-4, and NF-κB p65 in chondrocytes, and levels of IL-1, NO, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the synovial fluid were compared. RESULTS: The severity of cartilage damage in the combined group was significantly less (P <0.01). Compared to the MG, the mRNA and protein expression levels of cyclin D1, bcl-2 and TIMP-1 in chondrocytes of the three other groups were significantly increased, while those of p21, caspase-3, Bax, MMP-1, MMP-13, TLR-4, and NF-κB p65 in the chondrocytes and levels of IL-1, NO, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the synovial fluid of the three other groups were significantly reduced (P <0.05). The aforementioned indicators in the combined group were significantly better than those of the Lugua polypeptide and BMSCs groups (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: BMSC transplantation combined with Lugua polypeptide injection may improve KOA-related cartilage tissue damage in rabbits.

12.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy-related genes (ARGs) have been significantly implicated in tumorigenesis and served as promising prognostic biomarkers for human cancer. Hence, this study was aimed to develop an ARGs-based prognostic signature for Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: Prognostic ARG candidates were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis in the training dataset (TCGA-HNSC) and incorporated into a 3-ARGs (EGFR, FADD, and PARK2) prognostic signature which was further verified in two independent validation cohorts (GSE41613 and GSE42743). Kaplan-Meier plots, Cox regression analyses, and receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC) were employed to evaluate the prognostic prediction of 3-ARGs signature. Differential expression of these 3 ARG between cancer and normal counterparts as well as their associations with autophagy markers were assessed in 60 pairs of freshly collected HNSCC and adjacent non-tumor samples and datasets from Human Protein Atlas, respectively. RESULTS: Patients with high-risk score had significantly inferior overall survival. Multivariate regression analyses revealed that 3-ARGs signature could be an independent prognostic factor after adjusting various clinicopathological parameters. ROC analyses revealed high predictive accuracy and sensitivity of the 3-ARGs signature. Increased mRNA and protein expression of EGFR, FADD, and PARK2 were found in HNSCC samples, and their expression significantly correlated with the abundances of ATG5, Beclin1, and LC3. CONCLUSION: Our results reveal that 3-ARGs signature is a powerful prognostic biomarker for HNSCC, which could be integrated into the current prognostic regime to realize individualized outcome prediction. EGFR, FADD, and PARK2 likely contributed to autophagy during HNSCC tumorigenesis.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126754, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388914

RESUMO

Developing a cost-effective, stable, and recyclable adsorbent with high adsorption capacity and rapid adsorption kinetics is highly demanded for water treatment but has been proven challenging. Herein, we report a one-step strategy to synthesize tough porous nanocomposite hydrogel, by introducing biochar nanoparticles and interconnected pores into a polyacrylamide hydrogel matrix as an exemplary system. The polyacrylamide hydrogel provides the overall mechanical strength to carry loads and facilitate recycling, the biochar provides adsorptive locus for high adsorption capacity, and the interconnected pores expedite solvent transport for rapid adsorption kinetics. Mechanical characterizations manifest that the porous biochar hydrogel possesses a tensile strength of 128 kPa, a stretchability of 5.9, and a toughness of 538 J m-2. Porous structure analysis reveals that the hydrogel contains an increscent specific surface area by 441% and an augmented pore volume by 279% compared to pure polyacrylamide hydrogel. Experiments pertaining to adsorption isotherms and kinetics, with methylene blue as the model adsorbate, indicate enhanced adsorption performances. The tough hydrogel also allows facile recycling and maintains mechanical robustness after five regeneration cycles. Furthermore, biocompatibility is endorsed by cytotoxicity test. The proposed method could open an ample space for designing and synthesizing tough porous nanocomposite hydrogels for water treatment.

14.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351044

RESUMO

Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is a malignant tumor, which is characterized by a higher incidence of distant metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role and mechanism of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) in regulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promotes the metastasis in SACC. We analyzed the expression of PKD1 in 40 SACC patients and different metastatic potential cell lines. Then, we investigated whether the migration and growth of SACC were regulated by PKD1 using shRNA interference or inhibition of kinase active in vitro cell. Moreover, the mechanism by which PKD1 regulates the stability of Snail protein was determined. Finally, nude mice were used to testify the function of PKD1 via tail vein injection. PKD1 was correlated with metastasis and poor prognosis of SACC patients. PKD1 inhibition attenuated proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of SACC cells. Conversely, kinase active PKD1 could induce EMT and promoted cell migration in human HSG cell. Furthermore, downregulation of PKD1 regulated Snail via phosphorylation at Ser-11 on Snail protein and promotion of proteasome-mediated degradation, and reduced lung metastasis in vivo. Our results suggest that PKD1 induces the EMT and promotes the metastasis, which illustrate that PKD1 may be a potential prognostic biomarker and serve as a potential therapeutic target for SACC patients.

15.
Diabetes Care ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess national trends in out-of-pocket (OOP) costs among adults aged 18-64 years with diabetes in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data from the 2001-2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we estimated total per person annual OOP costs (insurance premiums, prescription drug costs, inpatient and outpatient deductibles, copays, and other payments not covered by insurance) and high OOP cost rate, defined as the percentage of people with OOP spending >10% of their family's pretax income. We examined trends overall, by subgroup (insurance type, income level, insulin use, size of patient's employer, and whether the patient was enrolled in a high deductible health plan), and by type of service. Changes in trends were identified using joinpoint analysis; costs were adjusted to 2017 U.S. dollars. RESULTS: From 2001 to 2017, OOP costs decreased 4.3%, from $4,328 to $4,139, and the high OOP cost rate fell 32%, from 28 to 19% (P < 0.001). Changes in the high OOP cost rate varied by subgroup, declining among those with public or no insurance and those with an income <200% of the federal poverty level (P < 0.001) but remaining stable among those with private insurance and higher income. Drug prescription OOP costs decreased among all subgroups (P < 0.001). Decreases in total (-$58 vs. -$37, P < 0.001) and prescription (-$79 vs. -$68, P < 0.001) OOP costs were higher among insulin users than noninsulin users. CONCLUSIONS: OOP costs among U.S. nonelderly adults with diabetes declined, especially among those least able to afford them. Future studies may explore factors contributing to the decline in OOP costs and the impact on the quality of diabetes care and complication rates.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-Blockers are first-line therapy in patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS). However, ß-blockers had genotype dependent efficacy (LQT1>LQT2>LQT3). Sodium channel blockers have been recommended as add-on therapy for LQT3 patients. However, the pooled effect of sodium channel blockers in all LQTS patients remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a systematic electronic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Fixed effects model was used to assess the effect of sodium channel blockers on QTc, cardiac events (CEs), and the proportion of QTc ≥ 500 ms and QTc ≤ 460 ms in LQTS patients. RESULTS: Pooled analysis of 14 studies with 213 LQTS (9 LQT1 + 63 LQT2 + 135 LQT3 + 6 others) patients showed that sodium channel blockers significantly shortened QTc by nearly 50 ms (mean difference [MD], -49.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], -57.80 to -41.05, p < .001), reduced the incidence of CEs (risk ratio [RR], 0.23; 95% CI, 0.11-0.47; p < .001) and the proportion of QTc ≥ 500 ms (RR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.24-0.47; p < .001), and increased the proportion of QTc ≤ 460 ms (RR, 10.33; 95% CI, 4.62-23.09; p < .001). Sodium channel blockers significantly shortened QTc both in LQT3 and LQT2 patients, while the QTc shortening effect in LQT3 was superior to that in LQT2 (57.39 vs. 36.61 ms). Mexiletine, flecainide, and ranolazine all significantly shortened QTc, and the QTc shortening effect by mexiletine was the best (60.70 vs. 49.08 vs. 50.10 ms). CONCLUSIONS: Sodium channel blockers can be useful both in LQT3 and LQT2 patients. Mexiletine, flecainide and ranolazine significantly shortened QTc in LQTS patients, and the QTc shortening effect by mexiletine was the best.

17.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418299

RESUMO

A combinative method using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection for fingerprinting and quantitative analysis was developed and successfully applied for the quality evaluation of Lophatherum gracile Brongn leaves collected from 21 geographical locations in China. In the fingerprint analysis, 18 common peaks were observed among the 21 samples, and 10 peaks were identified. Simultaneous quantification of the 10 components was conducted to interpret the variations in these compounds among the L. gracile Brongn leaves originating from different geographical locations. The correlation between the chromatograms and the antioxidant activities of the samples was further studied. The results indicated a linear correlation between the antioxidant activity and the total common peak areas of the fingerprints obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection. Importantly, it was found that high-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection fingerprinting can not only determine the quantities of individual components present in such samples but also evaluate the antioxidant activities of the samples. The developed method is a valuable reference for the further study and development of L. gracile Brongn.

18.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211033193, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the effect of individualized medical nutrition guidance on pregnancy outcomes among older pregnant women. METHODS: This was a prospective study using a randomized controlled trial design. We selected 820 older pregnant women and randomly divided them into a study group and control group (410 women each). The control group was given routine health education and nutrition guidance; the study group was provided individualized medical nutrition guidance. Gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, vaginal delivery rate, postpartum hemorrhage rate, gestational body weight, neonatal birth weight, and neonate transfer to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The incidence of gestational diabetes in the study group was significantly lower and the rate of vaginal delivery was significantly higher than those in the control group. The incidence of macrosomia, rate of neonatal transfer to the NICU, and rate of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were significantly lower in the study group than those in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized nutritional intervention for older pregnant women can effectively reduce the incidence of complications during pregnancy and childbirth and improve maternal and child outcomes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Resultado da Gravidez , Idoso , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Gestantes , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16210, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376708

RESUMO

With the increased incidence and recognition, ulcerative colitis (UC) has become a global public health problem in the world. Although many immunosuppressant and biological drugs have been used for UC treatment, the cure rate is still very low. It is necessary to find some safe and long-term used medicine for UC cure. Recently, the Chinese traditional herb Danshen has been investigated in the treatment of UC. However, it is a limitation of Danshen that many of the active components in Danshen are not easily absorbed by the human body. Probiotics could convert macromolecules into smaller molecules to facilitate absorption. Thus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus (F-B4-1) and Bacillus subtillis Natto (F-A7-1) were screened to ferment Danshen in this study. The fermented Danshen products were gavaged in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC model mice. Danshen had better results to attenuate symptoms of DSS-induced UC after fermented with F-B4-1 and F-A7-1. Loss of body weight and disease activity index (DAI) were reduced. The abnormally short colon lengths and colonic damage were recovered. And fermented Danshen had the better inhibitory effect than Danshen itself on pro-inflammatory cytokine expression during DSS-induced UC. The results indicated that compared with Danshen, fermented Danshen relieved DSS-induced UC in mice more effectively. Danshen fermented by probiotics might be an effective treatment to UC in clinic stage in the future.

20.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2100009, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398529

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) materials have garnered considerable attention for their unique properties and potentials in a wide range of fields, which include nano-electronics/optoelectronics, solar energy, and catalysis. Meanwhile, challenges in the approaches toward achieving high-performance devices still inspire the search for new 2D vdW materials with precious properties. In this study, via molecular beam epitaxy, for the first time, the vdW SnI2 monolayer is successfully fabricated with a new structure. Scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy characterization, as corroborated by the density functional theory calculation, indicates that this SnI2 monolayer exhibits a band gap of ≈2.9 eV in the visible purple range, and an indirect- to direct-band gap transition occurs in the SnI2 bilayer. This study provides a new semiconducting 2D material that is promising as a building block in future electronics/optoelectronics.

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