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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630532

RESUMO

The slow Li+ transport rate in the thick sulfur cathode of the Li-S battery affects its capacity and cycling performance. Herein, Fe-doped highly ordered mesoporous silica material (Fe-HSBA-15) as a sulfur carrier of the Li-S battery shows high ion conductivity (1.10 mS cm-1) and Li+ transference number (0.77). The Fe-HSBA-15/S cell has an initial capacity of up to 1216.7 mA h g-1 at 0.2C and good stability. Impressively, at a high sulfur load of 4.34 mg cm-2, the Fe-HSBA-15/S cell still maintains an area specific capacity of 4.47 mA h cm-2 after 100 cycles. This is because Fe-HSBA-15 improves the Li+ diffusion behavior through the ordered mesoporous structure. Theoretical calculations also confirmed that the doping of iron enhances the adsorption of polysulfides, reduces the band gap and makes the catalytic activity stronger.

2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1384270, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576620

RESUMO

With the proposal of the "biological-psychological-social" model, clinical decision-makers and researchers have paid more attention to the bidirectional interactive effects between psychological factors and diseases. The brain-gut-microbiota axis, as an important pathway for communication between the brain and the gut, plays an important role in the occurrence and development of inflammatory bowel disease. This article reviews the mechanism by which psychological disorders mediate inflammatory bowel disease by affecting the brain-gut-microbiota axis. Research progress on inflammatory bowel disease causing "comorbidities of mind and body" through the microbiota-gut-brain axis is also described. In addition, to meet the needs of individualized treatment, this article describes some nontraditional and easily overlooked treatment strategies that have led to new ideas for "psychosomatic treatment".


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Transtornos Mentais , Microbiota , Humanos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Transtornos Mentais/metabolismo
3.
Chemistry ; : e202400740, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623910

RESUMO

Diversified molecular information-processing methods have significant implications for nanoscale manipulation and control, monitoring and disease diagnosis of organisms, and direct intervention in biological activities. However, as an effective approach for implementing multifunctional molecular information processing, DNA reaction networks (DRNs) with numerous functionally specialized molecular structures have challenged them on scale and modular design, leading to increased network complexity, further causing problems such as signal leakage, attenuation, and cross-talk in network reactions. Our study developed a strategy for performing various signal-processing tasks through engineering modular DRNs composed of simple molecular structures. This strategy is based on a universal core unit with signal selection capability, and a timeadjustable signal self-resetting module is achieved by combing the core unit and self-resetting unit, which improves the time controllability of modular DRNs. In addition, multi-input and -output signal crosscatalytic and continuously adjustable signal delay modules were realized by combining core and threshold units, providing a flexible, precise method for modular DRNs to process the signal. The strategy simplifies the design of DRNs, helps generate design ideas for largescale integrated DRNs with multiple functions, and provides prospects in biocomputing, gene regulation, and biosensing.

4.
Small Methods ; : e2301659, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623914

RESUMO

Interaction between tumor-associated macrophages and tumor cells is crucial for tumor development, metastasis, and the related immune process. However, the macrophages are highly heterogeneous spanning from anti-tumorigenic to pro-tumorigenic, which needs to be understood at the single-cell level. Herein, a sessile microdroplet system designed for monitoring cellular behavior and analyzing intercellular interaction, demonstrated with macrophage-tumor cell pairs is presented. An automatic procedure based on the inkjet printing method is utilized for the precise pairing and co-encapsulation of heterotypic cells within picoliter droplets. The sessile nature of microdroplets ensures controlled fusion and provides stable environments conducive to adherent cell culture. The nitric oxide generation and morphological changes over incubation are explored to reveal the complicated interactions from a single-cell perspective. The immune response of macrophages under distinct cellular microenvironments is recorded. The results demonstrate that the tumor microenvironment displays a modulating role in polarizing macrophages from anti-tumorigenic into pro-tumorigenic phenotype. The approach provides a versatile and compatible platform to investigate intercellular interaction at the single-cell level, showing promising potential for advancing single-cell behavior studies.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2402445, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583077

RESUMO

Brain disorders represent a significant challenge in medical science due to the formidable blood-brain barrier (BBB), which severely limits the penetration of conventional therapeutics, hindering effective treatment strategies. This review delves into the innovative realm of biomimetic nanodelivery systems, including stem cell-derived nanoghosts, tumor cell membrane-coated nanoparticles, and erythrocyte membrane-based carriers, highlighting their potential to circumvent the BBB's restrictions. By mimicking native cell properties, these nanocarriers emerge as a promising solution for enhancing drug delivery to the brain, offering a strategic advantage in overcoming the barrier's selective permeability. The unique benefits of leveraging cell membranes from various sources is evaluated and advanced technologies for fabricating cell membrane-encapsulated nanoparticles capable of masquerading as endogenous cells are examined. This enables the targeted delivery of a broad spectrum of therapeutic agents, ranging from small molecule drugs to proteins, thereby providing an innovative approach to neurocare. Further, the review contrasts the capabilities and limitations of these biomimetic nanocarriers with traditional delivery methods, underlining their potential to enable targeted, sustained, and minimally invasive treatment modalities. This review is concluded with a perspective on the clinical translation of these biomimetic systems, underscoring their transformative impact on the therapeutic landscape for intractable brain diseases.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2313146, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608290

RESUMO

Thermoelectric technology, which enables a direct and pollution-free conversion of heat into electricity, provides a promising path to address the current global energy crisis. Among the broad range of thermoelectric materials, silver copper chalcogenides (AgCuQ, Q = S, Se, Te) have garnered significant attention in thermoelectric community in light of inherently ultra-low lattice thermal conductivity, controllable electronic transport properties, excellent thermoelectric performance across various temperature ranges, and a degree of ductility. This review epitomizes the recent progress in AgCuQ-based thermoelectric materials, from the optimization of thermoelectric performance to the rational design of devices, encompassing the fundamental understanding of crystal structures, electronic band structures, mechanical properties, and quasi-liquid behaviors. The correlation between chemical composition, mechanical properties, and thermoelectric performance in this material system is also highlighted. Finally, several key issues and prospects are proposed targeting further optimizing AgCuQ-based thermoelectric materials. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Food Chem ; 449: 138957, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608600

RESUMO

The effects of microwave drying (MD), hot air drying (HAD), vacuum hot air drying (VD), and vacuum freeze drying (VFD) on the volatile profiles of Penaeus vannamei were investigated. A total of 89 and 94 volatile compounds were identified by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) and monolithic material sorptive extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (MMSE-GC-MS), respectively. Orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and variable influence on projection (VIP) models were utilized to select characteristic volatiles and key marker compounds (e.g., octanal, 1-octen-3-ol, 2-methyl-butanal, 2-ethyl-furan, and trimethyl-pyrazine) to discriminate among four drying methods. Based on synthesis of odor descriptions and sensory evaluation, it was found that P. vannamei via MD, HAD, and VD greatly reduced the fishy and generated roasted, fatty, and smoked odors. This study systematically analyzed the aroma characteristics of four traditional dried P. vannamei products, which may provide theoretical guidance for industrial production.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 131519, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608985

RESUMO

Hydrogel has attracted tremendous attentions due to its excellent biocompatibility and adaptability in biomedical field. However, it is challenging by the conflicts between inadequate mechanical properties and service requirements. Herein, a rapid and robust hydrogel was developed by interpenetrating networks between chitosan and silk fibroin macromolecules. Thanks to these unique networks, the chitosan-based hydrogel exhibited superior mechanical performances. The maximum breaking strength, Young's modulus and swelling ratio of the hydrogel were 1187.8 kPa, 383.1 MPa and 4.5 % respectively. The hydrogel also supported the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells for 7 days. Notably, the hydrogel was easily molded into bone screw, and demonstrated compressive strengths of 45.7 MPa, Young's modulus of 675.6 MPa, respectively. After 49-day biodegradation, the residual rate of the screw in collagenase I solution was up to 89.6 % of the initial weight. In vitro, the screws not only had high resistance to biodegradation, but also had outstanding biocompatibility of osteoblast. This study provided a promising physical-chemical double crosslinking strategy to build orthopedic materials, holding a great potential in biomedical devices.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e2400285, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613131

RESUMO

Bismuth-telluride-based alloy has long been considered as the most promising candidate for low-grade waste heat power generation. However, optimizing the thermoelectric performance of n-type Bi2Te3 is more challenging than that of p-type counterparts due to its greater sensitivity to texture, and thus limits the advancement of thermoelectric modules. Herein, we enhance the thermoelectric performance of n-type Bi2Te3 by incorporating a small amount of CuGaTe2, resulting in a peak ZT of 1.25 and a distinguished average ZT of 1.02 (300-500 K). The decomposed Cu+ strengthens interlayer interaction, while Ga+ optimizes carrier concentration within an appropriate range. Simultaneously, the emerged numerous defects, such as small-angle grain boundaries, twin boundaries, and dislocations, significantly suppresses the lattice thermal conductivity. Based on the size optimization by finite element modelling, the constructed thermoelectric module yields a high conversion efficiency of 6.9% and output power density of 0.31 W cm-2 under a temperature gradient of 200 K. Even more crucially, the efficiency and output power little loss after subjecting the module to 40 thermal cycles lasting for 6 days. Our study demonstrates the efficient and reliable Bi2Te3-based thermoelectric modules for broad applications in low-grade heat harvest. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613398

RESUMO

The silkworm (Bombyx mori) is an important model lepidopteran insect and can be used to identify pesticide resistance-related genes of great significance for biological control of pests. Uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferases (UGTs), found in all organisms, are the main secondary enzymes involved in the metabolism of heterologous substances. However, it remains uncertain if silkworm resistance to fenpropathrin involves UGT. This study observes significant variations in BmUGT expression among B. mori strains with variable fenpropathrin resistance post-feeding, indicating BmUGT's role in fenpropathrin detoxification. Knockdown of BmUGT with RNA interference and overexpression of BmUGT significantly decreased and increased BmN cell activity, respectively, indicating that BmUGT plays an important role in the resistance of silkworms to fenpropathrin. In addition, fenpropathrin residues were significantly reduced after incubation for 12 h with different concentrations of a recombinant BmUGT fusion protein. Finally, we verified the conservation of UGT to detoxify fenpropathrin in Spodoptera exigua: Its resistance to fenpropathrin decreased significantly after knocking down SeUGT. In a word, UGT plays an important role in silkworm resistance to fenpropathrin by directly degrading the compound, a function seen across other insects. The results of this study are of great significance for breeding silkworm varieties with high resistance and for biological control of pests.

11.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607174

RESUMO

Diamond/aluminum composites have attracted significant attention as novel thermal management materials, with their interfacial bonding state and configuration playing a crucial role in determining their thermal conductivity and mechanical properties. The present work aims to evaluate the bending strength and thermal conductivity of CNT-modified Ti-coated diamond/aluminum composites with multi-scale structures. The Fe catalyst was encapsulated on the surface of Ti-coated diamond particles using the solution impregnation method, and CNTs were grown in situ on the surface of Ti-coated diamond particles using the plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) method. We investigated the influence of interface structure on the thermal conductivity and mechanical properties of diamond/aluminum composites. The results show that the CNT-modified Ti-coated diamond/aluminum composite exhibits excellent bending strength, reaching up to 281 MPa, compared to uncoated diamond/aluminum composites and Ti-coated diamond/aluminum composites. The selective bonding between diamond and aluminum was improved by the interfacial reaction between Ti and diamond particles, as well as between CNT and Al. This led to the enhanced mechanical properties of Ti-coated diamond/aluminum composites while maintaining acceptable thermal conductivity. This work provides insights into the interface's configuration design and the performance optimization of diamond/metal composites for thermal management.

12.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e075959, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases have a high prevalence worldwide, and patients with chronic diseases often suffer from depression, leading to a poor prognosis and a low quality of life. Metacognitive therapy is a transdiagnostic psychotherapy intervention focused on thinking patterns, with the advantages of reliable implementation effect, short intervention period and low cost. It can help patients change negative metacognition, alleviate depression symptoms, and has a higher implementation value compared with other cognitive interventions. Therefore, metacognitive therapy may be an effective way to improve the mental health of patients with chronic diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Sinomed, PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science and PsycINFO will be used to select the eligible studies. As a supplement, websites (eg, the Chinese Clinical Registry, ClinicalTrials.gov) will be searched and grey literature will be included. The heterogeneity and methodological quality of the eligible studies will be independently screened and extracted by two experienced reviewers. All the data synthesis and analysis (drawing forest plots, subgroup analysis and sensitive analysis) will be conducted using RevMan 5.4.1. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This article is a literature review that does not include patients' identifiable information. Therefore, ethical approval is not required in this protocol. The findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be published in a peer-reviewed journal as well as presentations at relevant conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42023411105.

13.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(4): 505-510, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632074

RESUMO

Objective: To review the research progress of ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of shoulder diseases, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the further development of ultrasound in shoulder surgery. Methods: The recent literature on the application of ultrasound in the shoulder joint was extensively reviewed. The application of ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of shoulder joint diseases, and the advantages and disadvantages of ultrasound were analysed, and the development trend of ultrasound technology in the shoulder joint area was prospected. Results: At present, the diagnosis of shoulder joint diseases mainly relies on MRI, however, with the development of ultrasound technology, ultrasound with the characteristics of convenient, reliable, and real-time dynamic evaluation is more and more recognized in the diagnosis process of shoulder joint diseases, combined with three-dimensional ultrasound, ultrasound intervention, and elastography can improve the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the diagnosis, and is suitable for the diagnosis and treatment of various shoulder joint diseases, which is expected to carry out early prevention of shoulder joint diseases in the future and achieve more refined and minimally invasive treatment. Conclusion: Ultrasound technology has wide application prospect in shoulder joint diseases, but it is still in the developing stage, and the subjective dependence needs to be solved further.

14.
Comput Biol Chem ; 110: 108058, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593480

RESUMO

Exploring the relationship between proteins and drugs plays a significant role in discovering new synthetic drugs. The Drug-Target Interaction (DTI) prediction is a fundamental task in the relationship between proteins and drugs. Unlike encoding proteins by amino acids, we use amino acid subsequence to encode proteins, which simulates the biological process of DTI better. For this research purpose, we proposed a novel deep learning framework based on Bidirectional Encoder Representation from Transformers (BERT), which integrates high-frequency subsequence embedding and transfer learning methods to complete the DTI prediction task. As the first key module, subsequence embedding allows to explore the functional interaction units from drug and protein sequences and then contribute to finding DTI modules. As the second key module, transfer learning promotes the model learn the common DTI features from protein and drug sequences in a large dataset. Overall, the BERT-based model can learn two kinds features through the multi-head self-attention mechanism: internal features of sequence and interaction features of both proteins and drugs, respectively. Compared with other methods, BERT-based methods enable more DTI-related features to be discovered by means of attention scores which associated with tokenized protein/drug subsequences. We conducted extensive experiments for the DTI prediction task on three different benchmark datasets. The experimental results show that the model achieves an average prediction metrics higher than most baseline methods. In order to verify the importance of transfer learning, we conducted an ablation study on datasets, and the results show the superiority of transfer learning. In addition, we test the scalability of the model on the dataset in unseen drugs and proteins, and the results of the experiments show that it is acceptable in scalability.

15.
Can Respir J ; 2024: 5554886, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584671

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mechanism through which Astragalus and Panax notoginseng decoction (APD) facilitates the treatment of ferroptosis-mediated pulmonary fibrosis. Materials and Methods: First, the electromedical measurement systems were used to measure respiratory function in mice; the lungs were then collected for histological staining. Potential pharmacologic targets were predicted via network pharmacology. Finally, tests including immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting were used to evaluate the relative expression levels of collagen, transforming growth factor ß, α-smooth muscle actin, hydroxyproline, and ferroptosis-related genes (GPX4, SLC7A11, ACSL4, and PTGS2) and candidates involved in the mediation of pathways associated with ferroptosis (Hif-1α and EGFR). Results: APD prevented the occurrence of restrictive ventilation dysfunction induced by ferroptosis. Extracellular matrix and collagen fiber deposition were significantly reduced when the APD group compared with the model group; furthermore, ferroptosis was attenuated, expression of PTGS2 and ACSL4 increased, and expression of GPX4 and SLC7A11 decreased. In the APD group, the candidates related to the mediation of ferroptosis (Hif-1α and EGFR) decreased compared with the model group. Discussion and Conclusions. APD may ameliorate restrictive ventilatory dysfunction through the inhibition of ferroptosis. This was achieved through the attenuation of collagen deposition and inflammatory recruitment in pulmonary fibrosis. The underlying mechanisms might involve Hif-1α and EGFR.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Panax notoginseng , Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Camundongos , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Colágeno , Receptores ErbB
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37651, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579046

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (IPT-like FDCS) of the liver is rare. It was previously believed that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positivity was a necessary criterion for pathological diagnosis. However, we found that there were also cases of EBV negativity. Therefore, clinicians and pathologists are reminded that EBV positivity is not a necessary condition for diagnosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old female underwent computed tomography (CT) examination for upper abdominal discomfort, which revealed the presence of a liver tumor. Follow-up revealed that the tumor had progressively increased in size. DIAGNOSIS: The final diagnosis was an IPT-like follicular cell sarcoma, based on CT, MRI, HE staining, and immunohistochemical staining. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy. OUTCOMES: The patient has not undergone any special treatment, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and has been followed up for over 3 years without experiencing any recurrence. LESSONS: IPT-like FDCS is a rare tumor that lacks definitive criteria, and its diagnosis mainly relies on pathological findings. Previously, it was believed that being EBV-positive was an important condition for diagnosis. Primary IPT-like FDCS in the liver is even rarer, and the patient in this case tested negative for EBV. It may be necessary for pathologists to consider the role of EBV in the diagnosis of IPT-like FDCS.


Assuntos
Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/diagnóstico , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/cirurgia , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas/diagnóstico , Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas/cirurgia , Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas/patologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia
17.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612140

RESUMO

This investigation focuses on the Goos-Hänchen (GH) and Imbert-Fedorov (IF) shifts on the surface of the uniaxial hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) based on the biaxial hyperbolic material alpha-molybdenum (α-MoO3) trioxide structure, where the anisotropic axis of hBN is rotated by an angle with respect to the incident plane. The surface with the highest degree of anisotropy among the two crystals is selected in order to analyze and calculate the GH- and IF-shifts of the system, and obtain the complex beam-shift spectra. The addition of α-MoO3 substrate significantly amplified the GH shift on the system's surface, as compared to silica substrate. With the p-polarization light incident, the GH shift can reach 381.76λ0 at about 759.82 cm-1, with the s-polarization light incident, the GH shift can reach 288.84λ0 at about 906.88 cm-1, and with the c-polarization light incident, the IF shift can reach 3.76λ0 at about 751.94 cm-1. The adjustment of the IF shift, both positive and negative, as well as its asymmetric nature, can be achieved by manipulating the left and right circular polarization light and torsion angle. The aforementioned intriguing phenomena offer novel insights for the advancement of sensor technology and optical encoder design.

18.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1372539, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601145

RESUMO

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected billions of people worldwide, and the lessons learned need to be concluded to get better prepared for the next pandemic. Early identification of high-risk patients is important for appropriate treatment and distribution of medical resources. A generalizable and easy-to-use COVID-19 severity stratification model is vital and may provide references for clinicians. Methods: Three COVID-19 cohorts (one discovery cohort and two validation cohorts) were included. Longitudinal peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from the discovery cohort (n = 39, mild = 15, critical = 24). The immune characteristics of COVID-19 and critical COVID-19 were analyzed by comparison with those of healthy volunteers (n = 16) and patients with mild COVID-19 using mass cytometry by time of flight (CyTOF). Subsequently, machine learning models were developed based on immune signatures and the most valuable laboratory parameters that performed well in distinguishing mild from critical cases. Finally, single-cell RNA sequencing data from a published study (n = 43) and electronic health records from a prospective cohort study (n = 840) were used to verify the role of crucial clinical laboratory and immune signature parameters in the stratification of COVID-19 severity. Results: Patients with COVID-19 were determined with disturbed glucose and tryptophan metabolism in two major innate immune clusters. Critical patients were further characterized by significant depletion of classical dendritic cells (cDCs), regulatory T cells (Tregs), and CD4+ central memory T cells (Tcm), along with increased systemic interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The machine learning models based on the level of cDCs and LDH showed great potential for predicting critical cases. The model performances in severity stratification were validated in two cohorts (AUC = 0.77 and 0.88, respectively) infected with different strains in different periods. The reference limits of cDCs and LDH as biomarkers for predicting critical COVID-19 were 1.2% and 270.5 U/L, respectively. Conclusion: Overall, we developed and validated a generalizable and easy-to-use COVID-19 severity stratification model using machine learning algorithms. The level of cDCs and LDH will assist clinicians in making quick decisions during future pandemics.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , SARS-CoV-2 , L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Aprendizado de Máquina
19.
Microbiome ; 12(1): 73, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The utilization of mulberry branch fiber (MF), the largest by-product of the sericulture industry, is an important issue. Supplementation with MF as a dietary fiber for poultry may serve as a useful application. However, little is known about the effects of MF on liver lipid metabolism and egg yolk fatty acid composition of laying hens and their underlying mechanisms. In this study, we performed a multi-omics investigation to explore the variations in liver lipid metabolism, egg yolk fatty acid composition, gut microbiota, and the associations among them induced by dietary MF in laying hens. RESULTS: Dietary MF had no harmful effects on the laying performance or egg quality in laying hens. The enzyme activities associated with lipid metabolism in the liver were altered by the addition of 5% MF, resulting in reduced liver fat accumulation. Furthermore, dietary 5% MF induced the variation in the fatty acid profiles of egg yolk, and increased the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content. We observed a significant reduction in the diversity of both gut bacteria and changes in their compositions after the addition of MF. Dietary MF significantly increased the abundance of genes involved in fatty acid biodegradation, and short-chain fatty acids biosynthesis in the gut microbiota of laying hens. The significant correlations were observed between the liver lipid metabolism enzyme activities of hepatic lipase, lipoprotein lipase, and total esterase with gut microbiota, including negative correlations with gut microbiota diversity, and multiple correlations with gut bacteria and viruses. Moreover, various correlations between the contents of PUFAs and monounsaturated fatty acids in egg yolk with the gut microbiota were obtained. Based on partial-least-squares path modeling integrated with the multi-omics datasets, we deduced the direct effects of liver enzyme activities and gut bacterial compositions on liver fat content and the roles of liver enzyme activities and gut bacterial diversity on egg yolk fatty acid composition. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that dietary MF is beneficial to laying hens as it reduces the liver fat and improves egg yolk fatty acid composition through the enterohepatic axis. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Morus , Animais , Feminino , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Gema de Ovo/metabolismo , Morus/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais
20.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563111

RESUMO

The separation of acetylene from carbon dioxide is challenging due to their almost identical molecular sizes and volatilities. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in general are strong candidates for the separation of gas mixtures owing to the presence of functional pore surfaces that can selectively capture specific target molecules. Herein, we report a stable and easily synthesized bismuth-based MOF, Bi-BTC, which can achieve the separation of acetylene and carbon dioxide. We performed a detailed analysis of the sorption properties of the Bi-MOF. Bi-BTC shows good adsorption capacities for C2H2 with a capacity of 53.8 cm3 g-1 at 298 K and 1.0 bar, and C2H2/CO2 selectivity of 5.14/7.69 at 298 K and 1.0/0.1 bar. IAST selectivity calculations indicate that Bi-BTC possesses good separation capacity, and dynamic breakthrough experiments were performed to prove the separation of C2H2 and CO2. Bi-MOFs as a group of relatively less studied types of MOFs have interesting adsorption characteristics, and this study on Bi-based MOF will enrich three-dimensional Bi-MOF adsorbents for gas adsorption and separation applications.

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