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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126811, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388933

RESUMO

There is an urgent requirement to treat cellulose present in papermaking black liquor since it induces severe economic wastes and causes environmental pollution. We characterized cellulase activity at different temperatures and pH to seek thermo-alkali-stable cellulase-producing bacteria, a natural consortium of Serratia sp. AXJ-M and Arthrobacter sp. AXJ-M1 was used to improve the degradation of cellulose. Notably, the enzyme activities and the degradation rate of cellulose were increased by 30%-70% and 30% after co-culture, respectively. In addition, the addition of cosubstrates increased the degradation rate of cellulose beyond 30%. The thermo-alkali-stable endoglucanase (bcsZ) gene was derived from the strain AXJ-M and was cloned and expressed. The purified bcsZ displayed the maximum activity at 70 °C and pH 9. Mn2+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Tween-20 had beneficial effects on the enzyme activity. Structurally, bcsZ potentially catalyzed the degradation of cellulose. The co-culture with ligninolytic activities significantly decreased target the parameters (cellulose 45% and COD 95%) while using the immobilized fluidized bed reactors (FBRs). Finally, toxicological tests and antioxidant enzyme activities indicated that the co-culture had a detoxifying effect on black liquor. Our study showed that Serratia sp. AXJ-M acts synergistically with Arthrobacter sp. AXJ-M1 may be potentially useful for bioremediation for black liquor.


Assuntos
Arthrobacter , Celulase , Álcalis , Arthrobacter/genética , Celulase/genética , Celulose , Serratia/genética
2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132158, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492420

RESUMO

It has been reported that both naturally occurring and artificially created sounds can alter the physiological parameters of various plants. A series of experiments were designed in the present study to estimate the physiological responses and the variation in the Cd decontamination capacity of Festuca arundinacea under sonic wave treatments. Plant seeds were treated by sound waves of frequency 200, 300, 400, 500, and 1000 Hz, and the germinated seedlings were transplanted to Cd-polluted soil. The results showed that all the sonic treatments increased the whole plant dry weight of F. arundinacea compared with that of the control, and the highest value was observed in the 200 Hz treatment. The Cd content in below-ground and aerial tissues of the species increased with increasing frequency till 400 Hz, after which they became constant. A higher proportion of senescent and dead leaf tissues was observed in the high-frequency treatment (1000 Hz), and more Cd was transferred to these failing tissues. Therefore, in the 1000 Hz treatment, a significantly greater amount of Cd could be eliminated by harvesting the senescent and dead leaf tissues of the species compared with that of the other treatments. The concentrations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the proportions of hydrophilic fractions which have a strong Cd affinity, in the rhizosphere soil of F. arundinacea increased with the increase in sound frequency. Cd extraction ability of DOM also increased with increasing frequency. This study indicated that a suitable sonic treatment can improve the phytoextraction efficiency of F. arundinacea, and also explained the mechanism from the perspective of the variations in soil DOM.


Assuntos
Festuca , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Sementes/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118395, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687778

RESUMO

In this study, the organ distribution and exposure risk from dietary intake of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were investigated for lotus collected from Ya-er Lake, a lake in Hubei Province, Central China that was historically polluted by the chlor-alkali industry. The highest concentrations of PCDD/Fs were found in the main and fibrous lotus roots, with mean values of 48.9 ± 90.1 pg/g and 94.6 ± 143 pg/g, respectively. In all the investigated samples, Octa-CDD (OCDD) and Octa-CDF (OCDF) were the predominant congeners, at 26% and 17% of Σ17 PCDD/Fs, respectively, followed by 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDF (9%). The distribution ratios of PCDD/Fs in adjacent lotus organs indicated that PCDD/Fs accumulated easily in edible organs, such as lotus seeds, membrane and leaves. The WHO-TEQ in the edible lotus organs and the probable daily intake (PDI) of lotus products by residents were calculated: the toxic equivalents in the lotus fruit parts reached a mean of 2 pg WHO-TEQ2005/g dw, and the mean weekly intake of lotus products for adolescents living around Ya-er Lake was 2.3 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/week. These results suggested that long-term consumption of lotus products from Ya-er Lake presents a health hazard to residents.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos , Dioxinas , Bifenilos Policlorados , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Álcalis , China , Dibenzofuranos , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados , Ingestão de Alimentos , Lagos
4.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 255, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848682

RESUMO

The marvelously diverse Orchidaceae constitutes the largest family of angiosperms. The genus Cymbidium in Orchidaceae is well known for its unique vegetation, floral morphology, and flower scent traits. Here, a chromosome-scale assembly of the genome of Cymbidium ensifolium (Jianlan) is presented. Comparative genomic analysis showed that C. ensifolium has experienced two whole-genome duplication (WGD) events, the most recent of which was shared by all orchids, while the older event was the τ event shared by most monocots. The results of MADS-box genes analysis provided support for establishing a unique gene model of orchid flower development regulation, and flower shape mutations in C. ensifolium were shown to be associated with the abnormal expression of MADS-box genes. The most abundant floral scent components identified included methyl jasmonate, acacia alcohol and linalool, and the genes involved in the floral scent component network of C. ensifolium were determined. Furthermore, the decreased expression of photosynthesis-antennae and photosynthesis metabolic pathway genes in leaves was shown to result in colorful striped leaves, while the increased expression of MADS-box genes in leaves led to perianth-like leaves. Our results provide fundamental insights into orchid evolution and diversification.

5.
Adv Mater ; 33(44): e2104764, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723435

RESUMO

Achieving highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in alkaline media is a great challenge. Single-atom catalysts with high-loading amount have attracted great interest due to their remarkable catalytic properties. Herein, by using nickel foam as the substrate, the authors design and precisely synthesize atomic ruthenium (Ru)-loaded nickel hydroxide ultrathin nanoribbons (R-NiRu) with a high atomic Ru loading amount reaching ≈7.7 wt% via a one-step hydrothermal method. The presence of concentrated Cl- in the synthetic system is beneficial for constructing ultrathin nanoribbons, which, with abundant edge OH groups, make it easy to trap atomic Ru. Taking advantage of the synergy between atomic Ru and the nanoribbon morphology of nickel hydroxide, R-NiRu exhibit a low overpotential of 16 mV for HER at 10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 40 mV dec-1 in aqueous 1.0 m KOH solution, which are superior to those of commercial Pt/C (overpotential of 17 mV at 10 mA cm-2 , Tafel slope of 43 mV dec-1 ). Density functional theory (DFT) calculation results demonstrate that atomically dispersed Ru can significantly reduce the HER energy barrier. Moreover, R-NiRu maintains exceptional stability after 5000 cyclic voltammetry cycles. This efficient and facile synthetic strategy provides a new avenue for designing efficient catalysts.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127644, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749998

RESUMO

Terrestrial plants, which account for the world's largest biomass and constitute the basis of most food webs, take up, transform, and accumulate organic chemical contaminants from the ambient environment. In this study, we determined the concentrations and congener profiles of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hydroxylated and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs) in surface soil and vegetation samples collected from the Arctic (Svalbard) and Antarctica (King George Island) during the Chinese Scientific Research Expeditions. The concentrations of total PBDEs (∑PBDEs) in soil and vegetation samples collected from the Arctic (5.6-270 pg/g dry weight) were higher than those from Antarctica (2.3-33 pg/g dw), whereas the concentrations of ∑MeO-PBDEs and ∑OH-PBDEs were lower in Arctic terrestrial samples (n.d.-0.75 and 0.0008-1.1 ng/g dw, respectively) than in samples from Antarctica (0.007-4.0 and 0.034-25 ng/g dw, respectively). Long-range atmospheric transport and human activities were potential sources of PBDEs in polar regions, whereas the dominance of ortho-substituted MeO-PBDE and OH-PBDE congeners in terrestrial matrices indicated the importance of natural sources. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first report on the levels and behaviors of MeO-PBDEs and OH-PBDEs in terrestrial environment of polar regions.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151664, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785219

RESUMO

A controlled feeding experiment was conducted to investigate the toxicokinetic of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in laying hens. The laying hens were fed with fly ash contaminated diets to replicate the typical environment-feed-chicken transfer chain in China. Levels of PCDD/Fs rapidly increased in the pectoralis, adipose tissue, liver and blood of laying hens with daily ingestion of dioxin-associated diets during the 14-days exposure period, and then a gradual decrease was observed in the 28-days depletion period. The depletion rates (kd) of the toxic equivalent of PCDD/Fs (TEQPCDD/Fs) were 0.043, 0.031 and 0.030 day-1 for pectoralis, liver and adipose tissue in the high-exposure group, respectively. The kd of individual PCDD/Fs in liver increased with the numbers of chlorine and n-octanol/water partition coefficient (logKOW), indicating that lower chlorinated congeners had higher half-lives in liver. Decreasing ratios of liver to adipose tissue for PCDD/Fs (L/AT) throughout the experiment suggested a tendency of equilibrium partitioning between liver and adipose tissue. Congener-specific sequestration of PCDD/Fs in liver was revealed by the positive correlation between L/AT ratios and logKOW. Physiological bioconcentration factors of PCDD/Fs were estimated at the end of exposure, indicating the preferential accumulation of hexachlorinated congeners in most tissues. Furthermore, maternal transfer of PCDD/Fs was positively correlated with logKOW, implying that more lipophilic congeners were transferred to egg along with the lipid circulation.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6335, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732747

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts are becoming increasingly significant to numerous energy conversion reactions. However, their rational design and construction remain quite challenging due to the poorly understood structure-function relationship. Here we demonstrate the dynamic behavior of CuN2C2 site during operando oxygen reduction reaction, revealing a substrate-strain tuned geometry distortion of active sites and its correlation with the activity. Our best CuN2C2 site, on carbon nanotube with 8 nm diameter, delivers a sixfold activity promotion relative to graphene. Density functional theory and X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveal that reasonable substrate strain allows the optimized distortion, where Cu bonds strongly with the oxygen species while maintaining intimate coordination with C/N atoms. The optimized distortion facilitates the electron transfer from Cu to the adsorbed O, greatly boosting the oxygen reduction activity. This work uncovers the structure-function relationship of single-atom catalysts in terms of carbon substrate, and provides guidance to their future design and activity promotion.

9.
Nat Mater ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824395

RESUMO

Two-phase titanium-based alloys are widely used in aerospace and biomedical applications, and they are obtained through phase transformations between a low-temperature hexagonal closed-packed α-phase and a high-temperature body-centred cubic ß-phase. Understanding how a new phase evolves from its parent phase is critical to controlling the transforming microstructures and thus material properties. Here, we report time-resolved experimental evidence, at sub-ångström resolution, of a non-classically nucleated metastable phase that bridges the α-phase and the ß-phase, in a technologically important titanium-molybdenum alloy. We observed a nanosized and chemically ordered superstructure in the α-phase matrix; its composition, chemical order and crystal structure are all found to be different from both the parent and the product phases, but instigating a vanishingly low energy barrier for the transformation into the ß-phase. This latter phase transition can proceed instantly via vibrational switching when the molybdenum concentration in the superstructure exceeds a critical value. We expect that such a non-classical phase evolution mechanism is much more common than previously believed for solid-state transformations.

10.
Mater Horiz ; 8(12): 3468-3476, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766611

RESUMO

Heterostructures composed of dissimilar oxides with different properties offer opportunities to develop emergent devices with desired functionalities. A key feature of oxide heterostructures is interface electronics and orbital reconstructions. Here, we combined infinite-layered SrCuO2 and perovskite SrRuO3 into heterostructures. A rare high spin state as large as 3.0 µB f.u-1 and an increase in Curie temperature by 12 K are achieved in an ultrathin SrRuO3 film capped by a SrCuO2 layer. Atomic-scale lattice imaging shows the uniform CuO2-plane-to-RuO5-pyramid connection at the interface, where the regularly arranged RuO5 pyramids were elongated along the out-of-plane direction. As revealed by theoretical calculations and spectral analysis, these features finally result in an abnormally high spin state of the interfacial Ru ions with highly polarized eg orbitals. The present work demonstrates that oxygen coordination engineering at the infinite-layer/perovskite oxide interface is a promising approach towards advanced oxide electronics.

12.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no approved blood-based biomarker for breast cancer detection. Herein, we aimed to assess semaphorin 4C (SEMA4C), a pivotal protein involved in breast cancer progression, as a serum diagnostic biomarker. METHODS: We included 6,213 consecutive inpatients from Tongji Hospital, Qilu Hospital, and Hubei Cancer Hospital. Training cohort and two validation cohorts were introduced for diagnostic exploration and validation. A pan-cancer cohort was used to independently explore the diagnostic potential of SEMA4C among solid tumors. Breast cancer patients who underwent mass excision prior to modified radical mastectomy were also analyzed. We hypothesized that increased pre-treatment serum SEMA4C levels, measured using optimized in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, could detect breast cancer. The endpoints were diagnostic performance, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Post-surgery pathological diagnosis was the reference standard and breast cancer staging followed the TNM classification. There was no restriction on disease stage for eligibilities. RESULTS: We included 2667 inpatients with breast lesions, 2378 patients with other solid tumors, and 1168 healthy participants. Specifically, 118 patients with breast cancer were diagnosed with stage 0 (5.71%), 620 with stage I (30.00%), 966 with stage II (46.73%), 217 with stage III (10.50%), and 8 with stage IV (0.39%). Patients with breast cancer had significantly higher serum SEMA4C levels than benign breast tumor patients and normal controls (P < 0.001). Elevated serum SEMA4C levels had AUC of 0.920 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.900-0.941) and 0.932 (95%CI: 0.911-0.953) for breast cancer detection in the two validation cohorts. The AUCs for detecting early-stage breast cancer (n = 366) and ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 85) were 0.931 (95%CI: 0.916-0.946) and 0.879 (95%CI: 0.832-0.925), respectively. Serum SEMA4C levels significantly decreased after surgery, and the reduction was more striking after modified radical mastectomy, compared with mass excision (P < 0.001). The positive rate of enhanced serum SEMA4C levels was 84.77% for breast cancer and below 20.75% for the other 14 solid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SEMA4C demonstrated promising potential as a candidate biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis. However, validation in prospective settings and by other study groups is warranted.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2105276, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738668

RESUMO

Electrochemical sensors for detecting micromolecule organics are desirable for improving the perception of environmental quality and human health. However, currently, the electrochemical sensors for formaldehyde are substantially limited on the market due to the long-term unsolved problems of the low electrooxidation efficiency and CO poisoning issue of commercial Pd catalysts. Here, a 2D Cr-doped Pd metallene (Cr-Pdene) with few atomic layers is shown as an advanced catalyst for ultrasensitive and selective sensing of formaldehyde via a highly efficient formaldehyde electrooxidation. It is found that the doping of Cr into Pd metallene can efficiently optimize the electronic structure of Pd and weaken the interaction between Pd and CO, providing an anti-poisoning means to favor CO2 production and suppress CO adsorption. The Cr-Pdene-based electrochemical sensor exhibits one order of magnitude higher detection range and, especially, much higher anti-interference for formaldehyde than that of the conventional sensors. Most importantly, it is demonstrated that the Cr-Pdene can be integrated into commercializable wireless sensor networks or handheld instruments for promising applications relating to the environment, health, and food.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2103548, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725867

RESUMO

Developing highly active and stable nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) catalysts for NH3 electrosynthesis remains challenging. Herein, an unusual NRR electrocatalyst is reported with a single Zn(I) site supported on hollow porous N-doped carbon nanofibers (Zn1 N-C). The Zn1 N-C nanofibers exhibit an outstanding NRR activity with a high NH3 yield rate of ≈16.1 µg NH3 h-1 mgcat -1 at -0.3 V and Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 11.8% in alkaline media, surpassing other previously reported carbon-based NRR electrocatalysts with transition metals atomically dispersed and nitrogen coordinated (TM-Nx ) sites. 15 N2 isotope labeling experiments confirm that the feeding nitrogen gas is the only nitrogen source in the production of NH3 . Structural characterization reveals that atomically dispersed Zn(I) sites with Zn-N4 moieties are likely the active sites, and the nearby graphitic N site synergistically facilitates the NRR process. In situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared measurement and theoretical calculation elucidate that the formation of initial *NNH intermediate is the rate-limiting step during the NH3 production. The graphitic N atoms adjacent to the tetracoordinate Zn-N4 moieties could significantly lower the energy barrier for this step to accelerate hydrogenation kinetics duing the NRR.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774323

RESUMO

The MnO2@ZIF-8 core-shell nanoparticles for highly efficient dye degradation have been synthesized with a green method. ZIF-8 crystals with controlled morphology and size are first synthesized by using peptide to modulate the crystal growth. MnO2 is then coated on ZIF-8 via in situ reaction. The surface MnO2 density can be controlled by the dosage of KMnO4. The MnO2@ZIF-8 nanoparticles work as photocatalyst to degrade rhodamine B in a Fenton-like process, giving a degradation ratio of > 96.0%. The degradation kinetics comply well with the Pseudo-second-order model and the experimental equilibrium data meet the Langmuir model best. The specific hierarchical structure of MnO2@ZIF-8 assures a synergistic enhancement of the catalytic degradation performance from several aspects. First, anchoring of the MnO2 nanoparticles on ZIF-8 allows their well disperse to provide more active surface area. Second, highly porous ZIF-8 can adsorb dye molecules to accumulate them at the surface reactive sites. Third, the MnO2/ZIF-8 nano-heterojunctions enhance charge carrier transfer and accelerate the production of free oxidative radicals. The study demonstrates a green method for fabrication of hierarchical hybrid structures, paving the way for designing novel photocatalysts with potential applications for wastewater treatment.

16.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(6)2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740209

RESUMO

Oxygen-vacancy-induced topotactic phase transformation between the ABO2.5brownmillerite structure and the ABO3perovskite structure attracts ever-increasing attention due to the perspective applications in catalysis, clean energy field, and memristors. However, a detailed investigation of the electronic-structure evolution during the topotactic phase transformation for understanding the underlying mechanism is highly desired. In this work, multiple analytical methods were used to explore evolution of the electronic structure of SrFeO3-xthin films during the topotactic phase transformation. The results indicate that the increase in oxygen content induces a new unoccupied state of O 2pcharacter near the Fermi energy, inducing the insulator-to-metal transition. More importantly, the hole states are more likely constrained to thedx2-y2orbital than to thed3z2-r2orbital. Our results reveal an unambiguous evolution of the electronic structure of SrFeO3-xfilms during topotactic phase transformation, which is crucial not only for fundamental understanding but also for perspective applications such as solid-state oxide fuel cells, catalysts, and memristor devices.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618433

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are widely detected in the environment and may cause adverse human health effects after exposure. Studies on the effect of PFASs on some health end points, including cancer, are still limited and show inconsistent results. In this research, 319 participants were recruited from Shandong Province, East China, consisting of patients with thyroid cancer and healthy controls. Seven novel and legacy PFASs were frequently detected (detection rate > 75%) in the serum samples of the participants. The concentrations of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) were the highest in the case and control groups. Males showed significantly higher concentrations of PFASs than females. Exposure to PFASs was inversely associated with the risk of thyroid cancer. In the control group, we identified significant positive associations between PFASs and free thyroxine (FT4) as well as between PFOA and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in females. A significant negative association between perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and triiodothyronine (T3) was observed in males. Our results suggest that exposure to certain PFASs could interfere with thyroid function. To our knowledge, this is the first case-control study demonstrating associations between novel and legacy PFASs in human and thyroid cancer.

18.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(11): 706, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623532

RESUMO

This study aimed to research the effects of forest (Pinus elliottii, slash pine) and shrub (Vitex trifolia) plantation on the soil microbial community in sandification land by using the Illumina Miseq sequencing of 16S rRNA and ITS rRNA genes and combined with the soil properties analysis to explore the driving factors. Finally, the results showed that the dominant bacterial phyla were Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Acidobacteria; the shrub and forest plantation significantly increasing the proportion of Acidobacteria, while decreasing the proportion of Proteobacteria. For the fungal community, forest plantation was significantly changing the community structure at the phylum level that shifted from Ascomycota to Basidiomycota, and the ectomycorrhizal fungi take the most abundant with genus Rhizopogon predominant. The soil bacterial Chao1 and Shannon indices were significantly increased after revegetation, while the soil fungal Shannon diversity in the forest land that significantly correlated with soil total organic carbon and C/N was lower than that in the sandy and shrub land (p < 0.05). Besides, the bacterial and fungal communities were significantly affected by soil water content among all analyzed soil properties. Our results suggest that the revegetation significantly increasing the soil bacterial diversity that correlated with soil water content, total organic carbon, and available phosphorus, but there was no significant change in community structure. In contrast, slash pine plantation changes the fungal community structure and diversity dramatically. This change and possible succession of fungal community with stand age increasing may lead to the fragility of the plantation, which deserves continuous attention.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Solo , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699311

RESUMO

Childhood Asthma is the most universal chronic disease, with significant cases reported. Despite the current progress in treatment, prognosis remain poor and the existing drugs cause serious side effects. This investigation explored the mechanisms and use of miR-335-5p on childhood asthma therapy. MiR-335-5p and ATG5 expression was analyzed in clinical plasma samples through RT-qPCR. Airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) were cultured, and transfected with miR-335-5p mimic, miR-335-5p inhibitor, and pcDNA3.1-ATG5, or co-transfected with miR-335-5p mimic + pcDNA3.1-ATG5. Asthma cell models were constructed through TGF-ß1, and animal models through ovalbumin (OVA). Monocyte-macrophage infiltration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was determined by May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining, and collagen in lung tissue was assessed via Masson staining. Relationship between miR-335-5p and ATG5 was detected by Dual luciferase assay. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. MiR-335-5p and ATG5 RNA expression was determined by RT-qPCR. Collagen I, collagen III, α-SMA, ATG5, LC3I/II, Beclin-1, and p62 protein expression levels in ASMCs was detected by western blot. MiR-335-5p expression was low, but ATG5 expression was high in childhood asthma. Versus OVA+ mimic NC group, the number of eosinophil and collagen in OVA+ miR-335-5p mimic group were reduced. In contrast to TGF-ß1 + mimic NC group, TGF-ß1 + miR-335-5p mimic group reduced inflammatory, airway fibrosis and autophagy in ASMCs. ATG5 was miR-335-5p target. Overexpressing ATG5 significantly reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-335-5p on inflammatory response, fibrosis and autophagy in ASMCs. Overall, the study concludes that MiR-335-5p alleviate inflammatory response, airway fibrosis and autophagy in childhood asthma through targeted regulation of ATG5.

20.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(3): 909-914, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602413

RESUMO

N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-induced antioxidation is a significant cause of neuronal injury after ischemic stroke. In a previous work, we verified the neuroprotective roles of geniposide during tMCAO in vivo. However, it remains unknown whether geniposide ameliorates injury to hippocampal neurons during Ischemic Long Term Potentiation (iLTP) induction in vitro. After induction of cells oxygen-glucose deprivation or hydrogen peroxide, the protection of geniposide evaluated by MTT assay and electrophysiological tests. In this study, we suggested neuronal cell apoptosis was attenuated by geniposide. Furthermore, field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSCs) following postischemic LTP were assessed by electrophysiological tests. Finally, we determined that medium and high doses of geniposide attenuated oxidative stress insult and improved iLTP. Importantly, these effects were abolished by cotreatment with geniposide and the GluN2A antagonist NVP. In contrast, the GluN2B inhibitor ifenprodil failed to have an effect. In conclusion, we suggest for the first time that treatment with geniposide can attenuate postischemic LTP induction in a concentration-dependent manner. We infer that GluN2A-containing NMDARs are involved in the neuroprotection induced by geniposide treatment in ischemia.

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