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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 624-636, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352443

RESUMO

A 3D α-MoO3 nanostructure for high-performance triethylamine (TEA) detection was synthesized via the facial oxidation of MoS2 nanoflowers (NFs) obtained by a hydrothermal process. The influence of the time of hydrothermal process in growing MoS2 on the morphologies of the final MoO3 obtained after calcination was investigated. As-obtained MoO3 and their precursors were systematically characterized by various techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, Raman, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. Results showed that MoO3 with a hierarchical layered nanostructure was successfully obtained. After hydrothermal treatment of the MoS2 precursor for 20 h, the typical MoO3-based sensor (called M20) exhibited a high response of 2.42 at a very low TEA concentration of only 0.1 ppm at 240 °C. The M20 sensor response to 50 ppm TEA was as high as 125 with a fast response/recovery time of 14/22 s. Moreover, the sensor had a high stability and reproducibility as well as a high selectivity against other interfering VOCs or gases. Due to the tendency of TEA to adsorb to active oxygen sites of MoO3, the enhanced sensing properties of MoO3 can be ascribed to the remarkable hierarchical structure and large surface area. MoO3 obtained after calcination of hydrothermally grown MoS2 is thus a promising sensing material for enhanced TEA gas detection.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 395-400, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269215

RESUMO

Hypoxic preconditioning can protect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the underlying mechanisms that mediate this effect are not completely clear. In this study, mice were pretreated with continuous, intermittent hypoxic preconditioning; 1 hour later, cerebral ischemia/reperfusion models were generated by middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. Compared with control mice, mice with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury showed increased Bederson neurological function scores, significantly increased cerebral infarction volume, obvious pathological damage to the hippocampus, significantly increased apoptosis; upregulated interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 levels in brain tissue; and increased expression levels of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), NLRP inflammasome-related protein caspase-1, and gasdermin D. However, hypoxic preconditioning significantly inhibited the above phenomena. Taken together, these data suggest that hypoxic preconditioning mitigates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice by reducing NLRP3 inflammasome expression. This study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of the Fourth Hospital of Baotou, China (approval No. DWLL2019001) in November 2019.

3.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 712224, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616727

RESUMO

Porcine-induced pluripotent stem cells (piPSCs) could serve as a great model system for human stem cell preclinical research. However, the pluripotency gene network of piPSCs, especially the function for the core transcription factor estrogen-related receptor beta (ESRRB), was poorly understood. Here, we constructed ESRRB-overexpressing piPSCs (ESRRB-piPSCs). Compared with the control piPSCs (CON-piPSCs), the ESRRB-piPSCs showed flat, monolayered colony morphology. Moreover, the ESRRB-piPSCs showed greater chimeric capacity into trophectoderm than CON-piPSCs. We found that ESRRB could directly regulate the expressions of trophoblast stem cell (TSC)-specific markers, including KRT8, KRT18 and CDX2, through binding to their promoter regions. Mutational analysis proved that the N-terminus zinc finger domain is indispensable for ESRRB to regulate the TSC markers. Furthermore, this regulation needs the participation of OCT4. Accordingly, the cooperation between ESRRB and OCT4 facilitates the conversion from pluripotent state to the trophoblast-like state. Our results demonstrated a unique and crucial role of ESRRB in determining piPSCs fate, and shed new light on the molecular mechanism underlying the segregation of embryonic and extra-embryonic lineages.

4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 706852, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616780

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the short-term prognosis of NSTEMI and STEMI. Methods: This study was a single-center, retrospective and observational study. 2618 patients including 1289 NSTMI and 1329 STEMI patients were enrolled from June 2013 to February 2018 in Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University. The demographic information, clinical characteristics, medical history, laboratory examination, treatment, and outcome of individuals at admission and during hospitalization were extracted from the electronic medical record system. Outcome was defined as the all-cause death during hospitalization. Results: (1) In the NSTEMI group, the ability of NLR in predicting in-hospital death (AUC = 0.746) was higher than the neutrophil-monocyte ratio (NMR) (AUC = 0.654), the platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) (AUC = 0.603) and the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) (AUC = 0.685), and also higher than AST (AUC = 0.621), CK (AUC = 0.595), LDH (AUC = 0.653) and TnI (AUC = 0.594). The AUC of NLR in the STEMI group was only 0.621. (2) The optimal cut-off value of NLR in NSTEMI group was 5.509 (Youden index = 0.447, sensitivity = 77.01%, specificity = 67.72%). After adjusting variables including age, sex, diabetes history, smoking history, LDL-C and Cr, the logistic regression showed that the patients with NLR>5.509 had higher hazard risk of death (HR4.356; 95%CI 2.552-7.435; P < 0.001) than the patients with NLR ≤ 5.509. (3) Stratification analysis showed that the in-hospital mortality of patients with NLR > 5.509 was 14.611-fold higher than those with NLR ≤ 5.509 in patients aged <76, much higher than the ratio in patients aged ≥ 76. For patients with creatinine levels ≤ 71, the in-hospital death risk in high NLR group was 10.065-fold higher than in low NLR group (95%CI 1.761-57.514, P = 0.009), while the HR was only 4.117 in patients with creatinine levels > 71. The HR in patients with or without diabetes were 6.586 and 3.375, respectively. The HR in smoking or no smoking patients were 6.646 and 4.145, respectively. The HR in patients with LDL-C ≥ 2.06 or <2.06 were 5.526 and 2.967 respectively. Conclusion: Compared to NMR, PLR, and LMR, NLR had the best ability in predicting in-hospital death after NSTEMI. Age, creatinine, LDL-C, diabetes and smoking history were all important factors affecting the predictive efficiency in NSTEMI. NLR had the limited predictive ability in STEMI.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(25): 7542-7550, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital biliary atresia is a type of obstruction of the bile ducts inside and outside the liver, which can lead to cholestatic liver cirrhosis and eventually liver failure. The preduodenal portal vein (PD-PV) is a rare developmental malformation of the PV. The PV courses in front of the duodenum. However, very few cases of neonatal biliary atresia combined with PD-PV have been reported in the scientific literature. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-mo-and-4-d-old child was admitted to the hospital in January because of yellowish skin. After surgical consultation, surgical intervention was recommended. The child underwent Hilar-jejunal anastomosis, duodenal rhomboid anastomosis, and abdominal drainage under general anesthesia. During the operation, the PV was located at the anterior edge of the duodenum. CONCLUSION: Diagnoses: (1) Congenital biliary atresia; (2) PD-PV; and (3) Congenital cardiovascular malformations. Outcomes: Recommendation for liver transplantation. Lessons: The choice of treatment options for neonatal biliary atresia combined with PD-PV.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623261

RESUMO

A knowledge base is a large repository of facts that are mainly represented as triples, each of which consists of a subject, a predicate, and an object. The triples together form a graph, i.e., a knowledge graph. The triple representation in a knowledge graph offers a simple interface for applications to access the facts. However, this representation is not in a natural language form, which is difficult for humans to understand. We address this problem by proposing a system to translate a set of triples (i.e., a graph) into natural sentences. We take an encoder-decoder based approach. Specifically, we propose a Graph encoder with Content-Planning capability (GCP) to encode an input graph. GCP not only works as an encoder but also serves as a content-planner by using an entity-order aware topological traversal to encode a graph. This way, GCP can capture the relationships between entities in a knowledge graph as well as providing information regarding the proper entity order for the decoder. Hence, the decoder can generate sentences with a proper entity mention ordering. Experimental results show that GCP achieves improvements over state-of-the-art models by up to 3:6%, 4:1%, and 3:8% in three common metrics BLEU, METEOR, and TER, respectively.

7.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612563

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of palatogingival grooves (PGGs) in a Chinese population and the relationship between different types of PGGs and periodontal bone loss. CBCT images of 1715 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of PGGs of the maxillary incisors by sex and tooth type was analysed. The severity of alveolar bone loss in different types of PGGs was assessed. The reasons for taking the CBCT from patients with PGGs were collected. The frequency of PGGs in males (10.16%) was higher than that in females (7.05%) (P < 0.05). PGGs were present more often in maxillary lateral incisors (4.5%) than in maxillary central incisors (0.29%). Compared with other types of PGGs, the type I PGGs were the most prevalent configuration and accompanied with less severity of alveolar bone loss (P < 0.05). Less than half of PGGs cases (47.9%) were prescribed CBCT examination because of the PGGs observed or suspected clinically. The prevalence of PGGs in a Chinese population was higher in males than in females. The different types of PGGs might lead to different severity of periodontal bone destruction. Clinicians should be aware of the presence of PGGs in maxillary incisors, particularly maxillary lateral incisors.

8.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612572

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Nano-Se against nickel (Ni)-induced hepatotoxicity and the potential mechanism. Hence, we constructed in vivo and in vitro models of Ni-induced hepatotoxicity. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were exposed to nickel sulfate (NiSO4 , 5.0 mg/kg, i.p.) with or without Nano-Se (0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg, oral gavage) co-administration for 14 days, and HepG2 cells were exposed to NiSO4 (1500 µM) with or without Nano-Se (20 µM) for 24 h. Nano-Se obviously prevented Ni-induced hepatotoxicity indicated by ameliorating pathological change and decreasing Ni accumulation in rat livers. Ni induced a significant increase in hepatic activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) level, decreased the glutathione (GSH) content while compared to those in the control group. Nano-Se administration improved the hepatic antioxidant capacity through increase hepatic GSH contents and GSH-Px activity, decrease the activities of SOD, CAT, and MDA level. Nano-Se improved the cell viability, decreased active oxygen (ROS) generation and ameliorated morphological changes of nuclear structures in Ni-treated HepG2 cells. In addition, Nano-Se inhibited the Ni-induced increases of cytochrome c, caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3, increased PI3K and AKT phosphorylation both in vivo and in vitro. Besides, the PI3K inhibitor Y294002 could inhibit the protective effects of Nano-Se on apoptosis. Thus, Nano-Se significantly activates PI3K/AKT signaling to ameliorate apoptosis in Ni-induced hepatotoxicity.

9.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612654

RESUMO

Traditional covalent semiconductors require complex processing methods for device fabrication due to their high cohesive energies. Here, we develop a stable, ligand-free perovskite semiconductor ink that can be used to make patterned semiconductor-based optoelectronics in one step. The perovskite ink is formed via the dissolution of crystals of vacancy-ordered double perovskite Cs2TeX6 (X = Cl-, Br-, I-) in polar aprotic solvents, leading to the stabilization of isolated [TeX6]2- octahedral anions and free Cs+ cations without the presence of ligands. The stabilization of the fundamental perovskite ionic octahedral building blocks in solution creates multifunctional inks with the ability to reversibly transform between the liquid ink and the solid-state perovskite crystalline system in air within minutes. These easily processable inks can be patterned onto various materials via dropcasting, spraying or painting, and stamping, highlighting the crucial role of solvated octahedral complexes toward the rapid formation of phase-pure perovskite structures in ambient conditions.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150647, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597560

RESUMO

Landfill are important reservoirs of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). They harbor diverse contaminants, such as heavy metals and persistent organic chemicals, complex microbial consortia, and anaerobic degradation processes, which facilitate the occurrence, development, and transfer of ARGs and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB). The main concern is that antibiotics and developed ARGs and ARB may transfer to the local environment via leachate and landfill leakage. In this paper, we provide an overview of established studies on antibiotics and ARGs in landfills, summarize the origins and distribution of antibiotics and ARGs, discuss the linkages among various antibiotics, ARGs, and bacterial communities as well as the influencing factors of ARGs, and evaluate the current treatment processes of antibiotics and ARGs. Finally, future research is proposed to fill the current knowledge gaps, which include mechanisms for the development and transmission of antibiotic resistance, as well as efficient treatment approaches for antibiotic resistance.

11.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640120

RESUMO

In order to investigate the transverse flexural behavior of the UHPC waffle deck, a total of six T-shaped UHPC beams, with varying longitudinal reinforcement ratios, were tested and analyzed. The experiments, including material tests of UHPC and beam tests, were conducted. The material tests of UHPC revealed that strain-hardening behavior in tension was exhibited, and the ratio of uniaxial compressive strength-to-cubic compressive strength was 0.85. The beam tests showed that all the T-shaped UHPC beams, even without longitudinal rebar, exhibited ductile behavior that was similar to that of properly reinforced concrete beams. As the longitudinal reinforcement ratio increased, more flexural cracks developed and a larger load-carrying capacity was provided. Furthermore, the sectional analysis for the ultimate flexural capacity of T-shaped UHPC beams was conducted. Simplified material models, under tension and compression, for UHPC were developed. Based on the reverse calculation from the experimental result, the relation between reduction factor to the ultimate tensile strength of UHPC, and longitudinal reinforcement ratios was formulated. As a result, the predictive equations for the ultimate flexural capacity of T-shaped UHPC beams were proposed, and agreed well with the experimental results in this study and existing studies, which indicates good validity of the proposed equations.

12.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(19)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640135

RESUMO

The feasibility that the transverse reinforcements in steel-reinforced Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) columns could be reduced or even totally eliminated has been experimentally demonstrated. However, due to the effect of the tie volume ratio in ECC plastic hinges on the seismic performance of RC composite bridge columns not being fully clarified as of yet, a numerical study was carried out. In this study, the analytical models based on the fiber element method, by considering the superposition of different lateral confinements resulting from ties and the ECC cover, were used to correlate with a target hybrid-loading experiment. Load-displacement hysteresis, strains in extreme fibers and longitudinal bars in analytical results correlated well with the experiments, verifying the accuracy of the analytical models proposed in this study. Based on the analytical results, it was found that the volume tie ratio had little effect on the stress-strain hysteresis of the ECC cover, but a lower volume tie ratio resulted in more significant nonlinear behavior longitudinally. Finally, the pushover analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of volume tie ratios on the seismic design parameters, and the results showed that a higher volume tie ratio resulted in a limited increase in the maximum allowable displacement for design.

13.
Food Nutr Res ; 652021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650395

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia is associated with abnormal cell apoptosis in trophoblast cells, which causes fetal growth restriction and related placental pathologies. Few effective methods for the prevention and treatment of placenta-related diseases exist. Natural products and functional foods have always been a rich source of potential anti-apoptotic drugs. Nobiletin (NOB), a hexamethoxyflavonoid derived from the citrus pomace, shows an anti-apoptotic activity, which is a non-toxic constituent of dietary phytochemicals approved by the Food and Drug Administration. However, their effects on hypoxia-induced human trophoblast cells have not been fully studied. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of NOB on hypoxia-induced apoptosis of human trophoblast JEG-3 and BeWo cells, and their underlying mechanisms. Design: First, the protective effect of NOB on hypoxia-induced apoptosis of JEG-3 and BeWo cells was studied. Cell viability and membrane integrity were determined by CCK-8 assay and lactate dehydrogenase activity, respectively. Real Time Quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot analysis were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of HIF1α. Propidium iodide (PI)-labeled flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle distribution. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC and PI double staining, and the expression of apoptosis marker protein cl-PARP was detected by Western blot analysis. Then, the molecular mechanism of NOB against apoptosis was investigated. Computer molecular docking and dynamics were used to simulate the interaction between NOB and p53 protein, and this interaction was verified in vitro by Ultraviolet and visible spectrum (UV-visible spectroscopy), fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism. Furthermore, the changes in the expression of p53 signaling pathway genes and proteins were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. Results: Hypoxia treatment resulted in a decreased cell viability and cell membrane integrity in JEG-3 and BeWo cell lines, and an increased expression of HIF1α, cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, and massive cell apoptosis, which were alleviated after NOB treatment. Molecular docking and dynamics simulations found that NOB spontaneously bonded to human p53 protein, leading to the change of protein conformation. The intermolecular interaction between NOB and human p53 protein was further confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism. After the treatment of 100 µM NOB, a down-regulation of mRNA and protein levels of p53 and p21 and an up-regulation of BCL2/BAX mRNA and protein ratio were observed in JEG-3 cells; however, there was also a down-regulation of mRNA and protein levels observed for p53 and p21 in BeWo cells after the treatment of NOB. The BCL2/BAX ratio of BeWo cells did not change after the treatment of 100 µM NOB. Conclusion: NOB attenuated hypoxia-induced apoptosis in JEG-3 and BeWo cell lines and might be a potential functional ingredient to prevent pregnancy-related diseases caused by hypoxia-induced apoptosis. These findings would also suggest the exploration and utilization of citrus resources, and the development of citrus industry.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 730312, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650433

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA), which is identified by chronic pain, impacts the quality of life. Cartilage degradation and inflammation are the most relevant aspects involved in its development. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3), a member of the STATs protein family, is associated with inflammation. Alantolactone (ALT), a sesquiterpene lactone compound, can selectively suppress the phosphorylation of STAT3. However, the pharmacological effect of ALT on OA is still imprecise. In this study, IL-1ß (10 ng/ml) was applied to cartilage chondrocytes, which were treated with different concentrations of Alantolactone for 24 h. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2(COX2), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and thrombospondin motifs-5 (ADAMTS5) were detected by western blot. Protein expression of Collagen Ⅱ was observed by western blot, safranin O staining and immunofluorescence. Manifestation of autophagy related proteins such as autophagy-related gene-5 (ATG5), P62, LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and PI3K/AKT/mTOR-related signaling molecules were measured by western blot and autophagic flux monitored by confocal microscopy. Expression of STAT3 and NF-κB-related signaling molecules were evaluated by western blot and immunofluorescence. In vivo, 2 mg/kg ALT or equal bulk of vehicle was engaged in the destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) mouse models by intra-articular injection, the degree of cartilage destruction was classified by Safranin O/Fast green staining. Our findings reported that the enhance of inflammatory factors containing iNOS, COX2, MMPs and ADAMTS5 induced by IL-1ß could be ameliorated by ALT. Additionally, the diminish of Collagen Ⅱ and autophagy which was stimulated by IL-1ß could be alleviated by ALT. Mechanistically, STAT3, NF-κB and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathways might be involved in the effect of ALT on IL-1ß-induced mouse chondrocytes. In vivo, ALT protected cartilage in the DMM mouse model. Overall, this study illustrated that ALT attenuated IL-1ß-induced inflammatory responses, relieved cartilage degeneration and promoted impaired autophagy via restraining of STAT3 and NF-κB signal pathways, implying its auspicious therapeutical effect for OA.

15.
Virus Res ; : 198598, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), Hendra virus (HeV), Nipah virus (NiV), Yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) have been detected in travelers returning to China and potentially pose a serious threat to public health. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) plays an important role in the detection of these viruses. Although these viruses are not mainly prevalent in China, occasionally imported cases have been reported with the increase in population mobility and entry-exit activities. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the ability of major domestic laboratories to detect and identify exotic arbovirus infections in travelers. METHODS: An external quality assessment program for the molecular detection of EEEV, VEEV, WEEV, SLEV, WNV, YFV, TBEV, HeV and NiV was organized. The assessment panel included 26 negative and positive samples with different concentrations of virus-like particles and distributed to 31 laboratories to evaluate the accuracy of virus detection. RESULTS: At the laboratory level, 87.5% (7/8, EEEV), 85.7% (12/14, WEEV), 100% (13/13, VEEV), 87.5% (7/8, HeV), 76.5% (13/17, NiV), 92.6% (25/27, YFV), 81.3% (13/16, WNV), 100% (5/5, SLEV) and 75.0% (6/8, TBEV) of the participants were considered "competent". Of all the results, the false-positive and false-negative rates were 0.3% and 0.7%, respectively. The sensitivity of most detection assays (15/17, 88.2%) was more than 90%. In addition, we observed significantly different cycle threshold values when using primer-probe sets in different target regions to detect EEEV and SLEV. CONCLUSIONS: Most laboratories have reliable virus detection capabilities. However, laboratory testing capabilities need to be improved to avoid cross-contamination and to better manage undetected false-negative samples.

16.
Orthop Surg ; 13(6): 1882-1889, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relief of low back pain after hip arthroplasty in patients with hip joint and spinal degenerative diseases, and to discuss the effects of unilateral and bilateral hip surgery on the relief of low back pain. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we followed 153 patients (69 males and 84 females, age: 43-88 years) who had undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA) via a posterolateral approach and also suffered from lumbar degenerative diseases in the period of 2009 to 2019. The inclusion criteria were: (i) patients who had been diagnosed with severe hip degenerative disease and also been diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disease; (ii) patients who had undergone THA surgery; and (iii) patients who were retrospectively recruited. The exclusion criteria were: (i) patients who had undergone lumbar fusion or internal fixation surgery; or (ii) patients who had vascular claudication, history of major trauma, diabetic polyneuropathy, lumbar and pelvic infections, tumor diseases; (iii) or patients who had undergone THA because of femoral neck fracture or ankylosing spondylitis. The improvement of hip joint function and the relief of low back pain (LBP) were studied, and the effect of unilateral and bilateral THA on the relief of LBP were discussed. Hip pain and function were evaluated by the Harris Hip Score (HHS), LBP was evaluated by Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and lumbar function was evaluated by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system. RESULTS: The average follow-up time was 44.3 months (24-108 months). All patients recovered smoothly without complications. The LBP VAS of 153 patients decreased from 4.13 ± 1.37 preoperatively to 1.90 ± 1.44 postoperatively. The average HHS increased from 45.33 ± 13.23 preoperatively to 86.44 ± 7.59 postoperatively at the latest follow-up. According to Japanese Orthopaedic Association scoring system, the proportion of patients with good response to treatment in these 153 patients reached 93.46%. LBP VAS decreased from 4.18 ± 1.38 preoperatively to 1.95 ± 1.49 postoperatively in unilateral group and from 3.94 ± 1.32 preoperatively to 1.73 ± 1.23 postoperatively in bilateral group, respectively. There were only nine patients with persistent or aggravated LBP after operation. Among them, six patients underwent subsequent lumbar surgery (five patients had pain relieved after reoperation and one patient had not) and the other three patients chose conservative treatment for pain. CONCLUSION: THA can relieve LBP while relieving hip pain and restoring hip function in patients with both hip and lumbar degenerative disease, thus possibly avoiding further spinal surgery.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595543

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the genetic and clinical features of children with MAP2K1-mutated Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). METHODS: We compared the clinical features of 37 children with MAP2K1-mutated LCH with those of the BRAFV600E mutation group (n = 133) and no known mutation group (n = 59) in the same period. RESULTS: We found 13 mutations of the MAP2K1 gene, which were mainly concentrated at p.53-62 and p.98-103. The most common mutation site was c.172_186del (12/37). Compared with the BRAFV600E mutation group, the patients with MAP2K1 mutations were mainly characterized by single-system multiple bone involvement (P = 0.022), with later disease onset (P = 0.029) as well as less involvement of risk organs, especially liver (P = 0.024). There was no significant difference in clinical features compared with the no known mutation group. The 2-year progression-free survival rate of first-line treatment (ChiCTR1900025783, 07/09/2019) in MAP2K1-mutated patients was 65.6% ± 9.5%. The prognosis of patients with lung involvement was poor [HR (95% CI) = 6.312 (1.769-22.526), P = 0.005]. More progression or relapses could be found in patients with bony thorax involvement (8/17 vs. 2/20, P = 0.023), yet involvements in other sites of bones, such as craniofacial bone involvement (8/26 vs. 2/11, P = 0.688) and limb bone involvement (5/12 vs. 5/25, P = 0.240), were not correlated to disease progression or relapse. CONCLUSION: The children with MAP2K1-mutated LCH have specific clinical features requiring clinical stratification and precise treatment. MAP2K1-mutated patients with lung involvement (especially with bony thorax involvement) had poor prognosis.

18.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 93: 101987, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610501

RESUMO

The diagnosis of preoperative lymph node (LN) metastasis is crucial to evaluate possible therapy options for T1 lung adenocarcinoma patients. Radiologists preoperatively diagnose LN metastasis by evaluating signs related to LN metastasis, like spiculation or lobulation of pulmonary nodules in CT images. However, this type of evaluation is subjective and time-consuming, which may result in poor consistency and low efficiency of diagnoses. In this study, a 3D Multi-scale, Multi-task, and Multi-label classification network (3M-CN) was proposed to predict LN metastasis, as well as evaluate multiple related signs of pulmonary nodules in order to improve the accuracy of LN metastasis prediction. The following key approaches were adapted for this method. First, a multi-scale feature fusion module was proposed to aggregate the features from different levels for which different labels be best modeled at different levels; second, an auxiliary segmentation task was applied to force the model to focus more on the nodule region and less on surrounding unrelated structures; and third, a cross-modal integration module called the refine layer was designed to integrate the related risk factors into the model to further improve its confidence level. The 3M-CN was trained using data from 401 cases and then validated on both internal and external datasets, which consisted of 100 cases and 53 cases, respectively. The proposed 3M-CN model was then compared with existing state-of-the-art methods for prediction of LN metastasis. The proposed model outperformed other methods, achieving the best performance with AUCs of 0.945 and 0.948 in the internal and external test datasets, respectively. The proposed model not only obtain strong generalization, but greatly enhance the interpretability of the deep learning model, increase doctors' confidence in the model results, conform to doctors' diagnostic process, and may also be transferable to the diagnosis of other diseases.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic implications of atherosclerosis functional pattern on ischemia-causing vessels received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or conservative treatment. BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR)-derived pullback pressure gradient (PPG) index is recently proposed to characterize atherosclerosis functional pattern, but its prognostic value remains unclear. METHODS: QFR-derived PPG index was retrospectively calculated in patients from the PANDA III trial. Vessels with low or high PPG treated by PCI or not were compared for the risk of 2-year vessel-oriented composite outcome (VOCO), which was a composite of vessel-related ischemia-driven revascularization, vessel-related myocardial infarction, or cardiac death. RESULTS: A total of 1444 vessels were included while 94 (6.5%) VOCOs occurred within 2 years. Among physiologically ischemic vessels (QFR ≤ 0.80) treated by PCI, those with low PPG acquired higher VOCO risk than those with high PPG (8.4% vs. 3.8%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18 to 3.86), and a similar VOCO risk (8.4% vs. 7.8%; adjusted HR 1.11, 95%CI 0.70-1.78) compared to those treated by conservatively. After multiple adjustment, PPG index was an independent predictor for VOCO (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.05-1.62). The addition of PPG to the model of clinical risk factors substantially improved the predictions of VOCO (C-index 0.67 vs. 0.62, net reclassification index 0.42). CONCLUSIONS: PCI treatment was associated with improved outcomes in vessels with high PPG, but not for those with low PPG, which acquired similar risk of VOCO compared to vessels treated conservatively. QFR-derived PPG might assist the treatment strategy selection in ischemia-causing vessels.

20.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121164, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601196

RESUMO

Bacterial infection treatment and subsequent tissue rebuilding are the main tasks of biomaterial research. To endow implants with antibacterial activity and biological functions, the material systems are usually very complicated and ineffective. Recently, the concept of photobiomodulation (PBM), or low-level laser therapy (LLLT), has attracted increasing attention in tissue repair applications but still has not obtained wide acceptance. Because of the same laser resource, PBM could simultaneously work with 660 nm laser triggered photodynamic therapy (PDT), which will significantly simplify the material system and achieve the multiple functions of antibacterial activity and biological modulation effects. Herein, we attempt to validate the effectiveness of PBM and combine PBM with a PDT-based material system. A catechol motif-modified methacrylated gelatin containing photosensitizer Chlorin e6-loaded mesoporous polydopamine nanoparticles was fabricated (GelMAc/MPDA@Ce6). This hydrogel could be tightly adhered to titanium surfaces to serve as surface coating materials or directly used as dressings. Because of the 660 nm laser-triggered ROS generation property of Ce6, GelMAc/MPDA@Ce6 exhibited a remarkable and rapid antibacterial activity when the laser power was 1 W cm-2. After bacterial elimination, when the power was adjusted to 100 mW cm-2, daily irradiation brought an excellent PBM effect: the fibroblast activation was realized to accelerate wound repair. According to our in vitro and in vivo results, the fabricated hydrogel coating possessed both antibacterial activity and fibroblast activation ability only by adjusting the power of laser irradiation, which will greatly strengthen the confidence of using PBM in broader fields and give a good example to combine PBM with traditional biomaterial design.

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