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1.
Water Res ; 168: 115147, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604176

RESUMO

Arsenic contamination threatens the safety of drinking water in many parts of the world, especially As (Ш), which is more toxic and more difficult to remove than As (Ⅴ). Hence, in terms of environmental protection and sustainable development, it is very important to remove As (Ш) from the environment to reduce the damage to ecosystems and human health. Since there is no effective method for removing As (Ш), it is essential to oxidize As (Ш) into easily removable As (Ⅴ) to achieve effective separation. Herein, a novel copper-coated MnO2 nanowires membrane (Cu@MNM) which combines the oxidation properties of MnO2 and the catalytic and absorption properties of nanoscale Cu (NSCu), was developed based on in situ chemical deposition NSCu on the surface of ultralong MnO2 nanowires. The as-prepared Cu@MNM shows excellent arsenic separation properties with the maximum rejection rate of 96%. The results of pH studies indicate that acidic conditions promote the separation of As (Ш) by Cu@MNM, while alkaline conditions are inhibitory due to deprotonation of Cu@MNM surface enhances electrostatic repulsion. The results of the interfering ions show that the phosphate ions have a strong inhibitory effect on arsenic separation. In addition, Cu@MNM has been shown to be remarkably recyclable and can still achieve a separation efficiency of 60% after five cycles. Therefore, the prepared Cu@MNM with the high arsenic retention efficiency and excellent recycling capabilities has the potential to become an excellent candidate for practical application in arsenic separation.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Ecossistema , Humanos , Compostos de Manganês , Oxirredução , Óxidos
2.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 25-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433522

RESUMO

Myocardial dysfunction is an important manifestation of sepsis. In addition, inactivation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway has been reported to be beneficial in sepsis. The current study used gene expression profiling to demonstrate the overexpression of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and activation of the MAPK signaling pathway in sepsis. In this study, we used a rat model of sepsis established by cecal ligation and puncture to explore the mechanism of AT1R silencing in relation to the MAPK signaling pathway on myocardial injury. Various parameters including blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac function changes were observed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the concentration of cardiac troponin T (TnT), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and creatine kinase isoenzyme muscle/brain (CK-MB). Myocardial enzyme, tissue antioxidant capacity, mitochondria swelling, and membrane potential were also detected. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling staining was applied to measure cell apoptosis, and messenger RNA and protein levels of apoptosis-related proteins (Fas ligand [Fasl], B-cell CLL/lymphoma [Bcl-2], p53) were also detected. Initially, sepsis rats exhibited decreased survival rate, but increased ejection fraction (EF), heart rate, and concentrations of TnT, cTnI, and CK-MB. Furthermore, decreased AT1R expression inactivated the MAPK signaling pathway (shown as decreased extracellular signal-regulated kinase and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate response element binding protein expression), decreased EF, heart rate, and concentrations of TnT, cTnI, and CK-MB, but increased sepsis rat survival rate. Eventually, decreased AT1R expression inhibited myocardial cell apoptosis (shown as decreased apoptosis rate and p53 and Fasl expression as well as increased Bcl-2 expression). These findings indicated that AT1R silencing plays an inhibitory role in sepsis-induced myocardial injury by inhibiting the MAPK signaling pathway.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134240, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499343

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) recovery from digestate has attracted considerable interest. In this study, hydrothermal processes in combination with struvite crystallization were performed to promote P solubilization and capture from digestate; its potential as a phosphate-based fertilizer was also investigated. Hydrothermal treatment with HCl and H2O2 showed good results for the solubilization of organic and slightly soluble P, and achieved the lowest input energy need (768 kWhkg-1P). Struvite crystallization reached 99.3% (Mg2+:PO43-1.84:1, pH 9.98). X-ray diffractometry and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer mapping demonstrated the main precipitate component was struvite. For the fertilization of maize, P utilization from struvite was 19.0%. Light microscope analysis revealed that appropriate amounts of struvite may have an influence on the growth of the primary root. Overall, 16.6% of total P was recovered after P was solubilized, captured and made available.

4.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110324, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761161

RESUMO

Bismuth (Bi)-based nanoagents for synergistic photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) are attracting attention and are highly desired for malignant tumor diagnosis and treatment, but producing these materials is still a challenge. Here, we designed theranostic nanoparticles (NPs) based on AgBiS2 for computed tomography (CT) imaging and phototherapy of malignant tumors. These AgBiS2 NPs could effectively convert light into heat (with a high photothermal conversion efficiency of 36.51%) and significantly increase the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) under near infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. Remarkably, the combined PTT/PDT successfully inhibited the growth of a highly malignant osteosarcoma in vivo. In addition, AgBiS2 NPs exhibited an enhanced CT contrast ability for tumor imaging and killed clinically derived Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) to prevent infection. In conclusion the ability of AgBiS2 NPs to be used in phototherapy and CT imaging and their antibacterial abilities indicate that they are promising candidates for malignant tumor theranostics.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1759-1768, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301076

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is a key regulator of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Paraquat (PQ)-induced pulmonary fibrosis seriously endangers people's health. Rapamycin has been reported to alleviate PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis, but its underlying mechanism is unclear. The nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays an important regulatory role in the antioxidant therapy of PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we tried to confirm that rapamycin attenuates PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis by regulating Nrf2 pathway. In vivo, we proved that rapamycin could inhibit the degree of PQ-induced oxidant stress as well as enhanced the expression of Nrf2. In vitro, rapamycin decreased the upregulated effects of cell death and apoptosis, fibrosis-related factors expression and fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transformation by PQ treatment. In vivo, rapamycin treatment reduced fibrosis degree and the expression of fibrosis-related factors in lung tissues of rat treated PQ. Furthermore, we also found that Nrf2 knockdown reduced the inhibitory effect of rapamycin on PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis, as well as decreased Nrf2 transfer from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. Our findings demonstrated that the protective effect of rapamycin is associated with the activation of the Nrf2 pathway in pulmonary fibrosis induced by PQ poisoning.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724249

RESUMO

In order to investigate the mechanism of genistein (Gen) in the treatment of climacteric syndrome, an in vivo study was performed to investigate the beneficial effects of genistein on the expression of P450 aromatase (P450 arom) and follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) in the mouse ovary and uterus. Fifty female ICR mice (45 ± 5g, n = 50), aged 12 months, were divided into the following five groups with 10 animals in each: blank control group (CG), low-dose genistein group (L-Gen), middle-dose genistein group (M-Gen) and high-dose genistein group (H-Gen) (received 15, 30 and 60 mg/kg of genistein, respectively), and oestrogen group (EG; received 0.5 mg/kg diethylstilbestrol). The expression levels of the FSHR protein were determined by an immunohistochemical staining method. The expression of P450 arom, Cytochrome P450 19 (CYP19) and FSHR was quantified by real-time PCR. Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression levels of the FSHR protein in the M-Gen (average stained area: 20.79) and the H-Gen (average stained area: 21.21) groups were significantly stronger than in the CG (average area was 17.24) group (p < .05). The expression levels of CYP19 mRNA and P450 arom were positively correlated with the dose of genistein. Specifically, the relative expression levels in the H-Gen and EG groups were more than 1.5 times higher than in the CG group (p < .05). Genistein played a significant role in regulating aromatase and FSHR gene expression to improve perimenopausal ovarian and uterine function.

7.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694169

RESUMO

Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is an immunoregulatory cytokine involved in various inflammatory and immune responses. To investigate the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes of IL-6 on resistance to Eimeria tenella (E. tenella), SNPs in the 5' regulatory region of IL-6 were detected with direct sequencing, and the effects of SNPs and haplotypes on resistance to E. tenella were analyzed by the least square model in Jinghai yellow chickens. Nineteen SNPs were identified in the 5' regulation region of IL-6, among which three SNPs were newly discovered. The SNP association analysis results showed that nine of the SNPs were significantly associated with E. tenella resistance indexes; the A-483G locus was significantly associated with the GSH-Px, IL-2, and IL-17 indexes (p < 0.05); the C-447G locus was significantly associated with the SOD, GSH-Px, IL-17, and IL-2 indexes (p < 0.05); and the G-357A locus had significant effects on the CAT and IL-16 indexes (p < 0.05). Haplotype analysis showed that H2H3 and H2H5 were favorable haplotype combinations with good coccidium resistance. Furthermore, we used qRT-PCR and observed that the expression of IL-6 in the infection group was higher than that in the control group in the liver, proventriculus, small intestine, thymus, kidney, and bursa of Fabricius and extremely significantly different than that in the cecum especially (p < 0.01). In summary, SNPs and haplotypes in the 5' regulatory region of IL-6 have important effects on E. tenella resistance, and the results will provide a reference for molecular marker selection of E. tenella resistance in Jinghai yellow chickens.

8.
Thorac Cancer ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00426 (long intergenic nonprotein coding RNA 426) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and its correlation with their prognosis. METHODS: The expression of long noncoding RNA LINC00426 of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was screened. According to the expression level of LINC00426 in tumor tissue of NSCLC patients, the patients were divided into high and low LINC00426 expression groups. The correlation between LINC00426 expression group and the prognosis of the patient was analyzed by log-rank test. A total of 72 NSCLC patients who had undergone surgery were retrospectively included in this study. LINC00426 relative expression of tumor and normal lung tissue of the included 72 NSCLC patients were examined by real-time quantitative PCR assay. The correlation between LINC00426 expression and the patients' clinical characteristics were also evaluated. RESULTS: LINC00426 relative expression was not statistically different between cancer and normal tissue (P > 0.05) of NSCLC patients in the TCGA database. The amplification and deep deletion mutation of LINC00426 gene was found in 0.5% of NSCLC patients. The overall survival (OS) of the LINC00426 high expression group was significantly higher than that of the low expression group (HR = 0.81, P = 0.044), while there was no significant difference between the high and low expression group (HR = 0.97, P = 0.82) for disease-free survival (DFS). LINC0042646 expression level was elevated in 46 cases in normal lung tissue compared to the tumor tissue of the 72 NSCLC patients. LINC0042646 expression level was significantly correlated with the clinical stage (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Long noncoding RNA LINC00426 was downregulated in the tumor tissue of NSCLC patients and correlated with poor prognosis.

9.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the indications and the clinical effects of a transfibular neck osteotomy approach and a combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach in the treatment of fractures of the lateral tibial plateau involving the posterolateral column. METHODS: Eleven patients with lateral tibial plateau fractures were included in the present study. The fractures were Schatzker type II or lateral platform fractures involving posterolateral column. The anterolateral combined posterolateral approach (lateral + posterolateral locking plate fixation) was applied in 7 patients and 4 patients underwent transfibular neck osteotomy (lateral + posterolateral locking plate fixation + 1/4 tubular plate edge fixation, fibular osteotomy with Kirschner wire tension band fixation, and hollow nail fixation for upper tibiofibular joint). All cases were followed up for 12-24 months, with an average follow-up of 17.5 ± 5.0 months. At the last followup, the Rasmussen radiological criteria were used to evaluate the effect of fracture reduction and fixation. The knee joint function was evaluated using the knee function evaluation criteria of the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). The Lachman test and the pivot-shift test were used to evaluate the anterior and posterior and rotational stability of the knee joint. The range of knee motion was recorded. RESULTS: Bone healing was achieved in all patients with fractures treated with a transfibular neck osteotomy approach and a combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach. At the last follow-up, both the Lachman test and the pivot-shift test results were negative. All patients had complete knee extension. For the combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach, the knee flexion angle was 110°-130°, with an average of 122.86° ± 7.56°. For the transfibular neck osteotomy approach, the knee flexion angle was 115°-130°, with an average of 120.00° ± 7.07°. For the patients in which the combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach was used, the Rasmussen score was 12-18 points, with an average of 16.00 ± 2.56 points. The results were excellent in 4 cases and good in 3 cases; therefore, 100% of results were excellent or good. For patients in which the transfibular neck osteotomy approach was used, the Rasmussen score was 10-18 points, with an average of 15.25 ± 3.77 points. The results were excellent in 2 cases, good in 1 case, and acceptable in 1 case; therefore, 75% of results were excellent or good. The HSS score for the combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach was 76-98 points, with an average of 88.43 ± 7.55 points. The results were excellent in 5 cases and good in 2 cases; therefore, 100% of results were excellent or good. The HSS score for the transfibular neck osteotomy approach was 74-96 points, with an average of 87.25 ± 9.43 points. The results were excellent in 3 cases and good in 1 case; therefore, 100% of results were excellent or good. There were no significant differences in operation time, surgical blood loss, fracture healing time, postoperative imaging score, and knee function evaluation between the two approaches. One patient who underwent transfibular neck osteotomy had a 3-mm step that gradually appeared, but no significant abnormalities were found in the width of the platform and the lower limb force line. One patient in whom the combined anterolateral and posterolateral approach was used showed numbness in the common peroneal nerve. No common peroneal nerve injury occurred through the transfibular neck osteotomy approach. CONCLUSIONS: The anterolateral combined posterolateral approach and the transfibular neck osteotomy approach are effective in the surgical treatment of lateral tibial plateau fractures involving the posterolateral column. However, the transfibular neck osteotomy approach is more suitable for the posterolateral plateau articular surface damaged with bone separation and displacement, deep collapse, cases involving a large range of the posterolateral column, especially fractures of the lateral tibial plateau in the upper tibiofibular syndesmosis area of the line connecting the anterior and posterior margin of the fibular head to the midpoint of the plateau.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8270187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687400

RESUMO

Purpose: To detect the responsiveness and predictive ability of the Chinese version Action Research Arm Test (C-ARAT) in participants within the first 3 months after cerebral infarction. Methods: Ninety-seven individuals (75 men, mean age 59.87 ± 10.94 years) with a first cerebral infarction were enrolled in this study. The participants were evaluated by two outcome measures: C-ARAT and the Barthel Activities of Daily Living Index (BI) at five time points: 0D, 3W, 3M, 6M and 1Y after enrolment. The standardised response mean (SRM) and the Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyse responsiveness. Predictive validity was determined by using Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. The predicted performance of C-ARAT on activities of daily living (ADLs) was measured by linear regression model. Floor and ceiling effects were estimated by counting the proportion of subjects falling outside the 5% lower or upper boundary, respectively. Results: The C-ARAT showed moderate to large responsiveness in detecting changes over time (SRM = 0.58-0.84). The C-ARAT subscales showed small to large responsiveness (SRM = 0.44-0.90). The C-ARAT at 0D showed moderate to good correlation with the BI scores at 3W, 3M and 6M (ρ = 0.561-0.624, p < 0.001), and exhibited fair correlation with the BI score 1Y after enrolment (ρ = 0.384, p < 0.05). C-ARAT was a good predictor (adjusted R 2 = 0.185-0.249) of BI within 3M follow-up. The C-ARAT total score showed a notable floor effect at 0D and 3W and a notable ceiling effect at 3M, 6M and 1Y. Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the C-ARAT as a measurement of upper extremity function in individuals with a first cerebral infarction.

11.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701862

RESUMO

Imported malaria in Anhui Province, China, remains a significant public health issue with frequent reporting of severe and fatal cases, partly because of globalization and increased international communication. A retrospective evaluation using surveillance data from 2012 to 2018 was conducted to draw lessons on diagnosis of imported malaria. Epidemiological characteristics, together with diagnostic information, were analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistics. Simultaneously, blinded rechecking of malaria blood slides was performed at general hospitals in Anhui Province in 2018. The results showed that, in their first medical visits, 238 (28.2%) of 844 imported cases were not correctly diagnosed. Notably, the proportion of patients who were misdiagnosed at the first clinic visit was 104/120 (86.7%) at private and village clinics, and 41/81 (50.6%) at primary hospitals. The species identification rates for Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium malariae were 85.2%, 66.7%, 23.2%, and 32.3% (χ2 = 224, P < 0.001), respectively. Nearly 7% of cases lacked laboratory evidence and were classified as presumed cases. Our findings suggest that physicians and health care providers, especially those at the primary level, lacked the awareness of diagnosing imported malaria. The training of physicians in malaria diagnosis needs to be enhanced. In addition, polymerase chain reactions (previously only carried out at the provincial level) should be performed at municipal CDC for rapid species identification, thereby guiding clinical treatment.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671886

RESUMO

For a spacecraft, its power system is vital to its normal operation and capacity to complete flight missions. The storage battery is an essential component of a power system. As a spacecraft spends more time in orbit and its storage battery undergoes charge/discharge cycles, the performance of its storage battery will gradually decline, resulting in abnormal multivariate correlations between the various parameters of the storage battery system. When these anomalies reach a certain level, battery failure will occur. Therefore, the detection of spacecraft storage battery anomalies in a timely and accurate fashion is of great importance to the in-orbit operation, maintenance and management of a spacecraft. Thus, in this study, based on storage battery-related telemetry parameter data (including charge/discharge currents, voltages, temperatures and times) downloaded from an in-orbit satellite, a voltage anomaly detection algorithm for spacecraft storage batteries based on a deep belief network (DBN) is proposed. By establishing a neural network (NN) model depicting the correlations between each of the variables of temperature, current, pressure and charge/discharge times and voltage, this algorithm supports the detection of anomalies in the state-of-health of a storage battery in a timely fashion. The proposed algorithm is subsequently applied to the storage battery of the aforementioned in-orbit satellite. The results show the following. The anomalies detected using the proposed algorithm are more reliable, effective and visual than those obtained using the conventional multivariate anomaly detection algorithms. Compared to the classic backpropagation NN-based algorithm, the DBN-based algorithm is notably advantageous in terms of the model training time and convergence.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(21): 9893-9900, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707361

RESUMO

This study aimed to dissect the direct effect of smoking and its indirect effect through body mass index (BMI) on leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and to distinguish the mediation and suppression effects of BMI. The study cohort included 1,037 adults (729 Whites and 308 African Americans; 42.1% males; mean age: 40.3 years) with LTL measurements by Southern blotting. General third variable models were used to distinguish the mediation and suppression effects of BMI on the smoking-LTL association. After adjusting for age, race, sex and alcohol drinking, the total effect of smoking on LTL was significant (standardized regression coefficient, ß= -0.061, p=0.034) without BMI included in the model. With additional adjustment for BMI, the indirect effect of smoking on LTL through BMI was estimated at ß= 0.011 (p=0.023), and the direct effect of smoking on LTL was strengthened to ß= -0.072 (p=0.012). The results were similar when pack-years of smoking was used. The effect parameters did not differ significantly between race and sex groups. These results suggest that BMI has a suppression effect, not a mediation effect, on the smoking-LTL association, which potentially contributes to previous inconsistencies in the effect of smoking on LTL.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739015

RESUMO

L. japonica has been used as food and healthy beverage due to the good nutrition. Although the chemical compounds have been extensively studied, polysaccharide compositions remain unclear. In this study, water-soluble polysaccharides of L. japonica were fractionated into one neutral fraction (LJP-N) and four acidic fractions (LJP-A-1 ~ LJP-A-4) by a combination of ion-exchange and gel permeation chromatographies. The structures and antioxidant activities of these factions were determined by HPLC, FT-IR and the radical scavenging activities, anti-hemolysis inhibitory ability, protective effect against DNA damage. Results showed that LJP-N was a starch-like glucan with some arabinogalactan; acidic fractions were all pectic polysaccharide, with the average molecular weights approximately ranging from 19.0 to 383.8 kDa. LJP-A-2 ~ LJP-A-4 were similar to each other, mainly composed of GalA (>50%) with some Gal and Ara residues, while LJP-A-1 mainly composed of Gal and Ara (>70%). LJP-A-3 was defined as HG-type pectic polysacchride, with a trace of RG-I domain by NMR experiment. The antioxidant activity of LJP fractions showed different activities, and LJP-A-3 and LJP-A-4 exhibited noticeable antioxidant activities by six kinds of evaluated methods comparable with others. The results indicated that LJP-A-3 and LJP-A-4 could be used as a potential natural source of antioxidant.

15.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 41(12): 3022-3033, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689179

RESUMO

The ability to handle outliers is essential for performing the perspective- n-point (P nP) approach in practical applications, but conventional RANSAC+P3P or P4P methods have high time complexities. We propose a fast P nP solution named R1PP nP to handle outliers by utilizing a soft re-weighting mechanism and the 1-point RANSAC scheme. We first present a P nP algorithm, which serves as the core of R1PP nP, for solving the P nP problem in outlier-free situations. The core algorithm is an optimal process minimizing an objective function conducted with a random control point. Then, to reduce the impact of outliers, we propose a reprojection error-based re-weighting method and integrate it into the core algorithm. Finally, we employ the 1-point RANSAC scheme to try different control points. Experiments with synthetic and real-world data demonstrate that R1PP nP is faster than RANSAC+P3P or P4P methods especially when the percentage of outliers is large, and is accurate. Besides, comparisons with outlier-free synthetic data show that R1PP nP is among the most accurate and fast P nP solutions, which usually serve as the final refinement step of RANSAC+P3P or P4P. Compared with REPP nP, which is the state-of-the-art P nP algorithm with an explicit outliers-handling mechanism, R1PP nP is slower but does not suffer from the percentage of outliers limitation as REPP nP.

16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109878, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704330

RESUMO

In the present study, we evaluated the effects of nitrite exposure on hematological parameters, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in juvenile Takifugu rubripes. The fish were exposed to nitrite (0, 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 mM) for up to 96 h. In the high nitrite concentration groups (i.e., 3 and 6 mM), the concentrations of methemoglobin (MetHb), cortisol, glucose, heat shock protein (Hsp)-70, Hsp-90, and potassium (K+) were significantly elevated. Whereas, the concentrations of hemoglobin (Hb), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) ions were significantly decreased. Compared with those of the control groups, the concentrations of the antioxidant enzymes, namely, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), in the gills were considerably elevated at 12 and 24 h after exposure to nitrite (1, 3, and 6 mM), but reduced at 48 and 96 h. The increase in the antioxidant enzymes may contribute to the elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by nitrite during early nitrite exposure, when the antioxidant system is not sufficiently effective to eliminate or neutralize excessive ROS. In addition, we found that nitrite exposure could alter the expression patterns of some key apoptosis-related genes (Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2). This indicated that the caspase-dependent apoptotic pathway and p53-Bax-Bcl-2 pathway might be involved in apoptosis induced by nitrite exposure. Furthermore, our study provides insights into how acute nitrite exposure affects the physiological responses and potential molecular mechanism of apoptosis in marine fish. The results can help elucidate the mechanisms involved in nitrite-induced aquatic toxicology in marine fish.

17.
Eur Spine J ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734805

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this study, the authors described the technical notes of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PTELD) through unilateral approach and compared PTELD through unilateral versus bilateral approach for L3/4 or L4/5 lumbar disc herniation with bilateral symptoms. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical study was performed from June 2014 to October 2016. A total of 71 patients with lumbar disc herniation (L3/4 or L4/5) and bilateral symptoms were divided randomly into Unilateral-Approach group (n = 35) or Bilateral-Approach group (n = 36). Operation time, blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy and recurrences were recorded and analyzed statistically. Visual Analogue Scale scores, Oswestry Disability Index and the MacNab standard were used to analyze the clinical outcomes of the two groups. RESULTS: The baseline data of the two groups were statistically similar. There was significant postoperative improvement in VAS and ODI scores in both the groups, and clinical outcomes are comparable according to the MacNab standard. However, VAS score of back pain at 1 day after surgery in Unilateral-Approach group was significantly lower than that in Bilateral-Approach group (P < 0.05). Moreover, operation time and cumulative time of intraoperative fluoroscopy of Unilateral-Approach group were significantly shorter than that of Bilateral-Approach group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: For L3/4 or L4/5 LDH with bilateral symptoms, PTELD through unilateral approach is effective, with advantage of shorter operation time, shorter cumulative time of intraoperative fluoroscopy and milder postoperative short-term back pain compared to bilateral approach. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study measured the perceived continuity of general practitioner (GP) care from the patient's perspective and identified the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 624 patients in community health care centres in Hangzhou, China. A self-designed Likert scale was used to measure patients' perceptions on informational, managerial, and relational continuity of GP care. An average score for three types of continuity ranging from 0 to 100 was calculated. Linear regression models were developed to determine the factors influencing continuity. RESULTS: Average rating scores of 57.73 (±15.31), 50.74 (±17.18), 61.61 (±18.07), and 63.57 (±17.40) were found for total, informational, managerial, and relational continuity of care, respectively. Older patients reported a more positive rating on all types of continuity. Income was negatively associated with managerial continuity. The factors affecting informational, relational, and total continuities included chronic diseases, walking distance to nearest community health centres, signing a contract with a GP, and knowing the names of contracted GPs. CONCLUSION: Patients' perception of continuity of GP care remains at a low level, especially for informational continuity. The varied association between continuity of care and identified factors suggests that targeted actions should be considered for improving the quality of GP services.

19.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758371

RESUMO

As a member of the Cap 'n' Collar (CNC) family, NRF2 contains a basic leucine zipper (bZip) and can regulate the downstream target gene heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) in response to oxidative stress. In the present study, a grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) NRF2 ORF was cloned and identified. The largest ORF (1782 bp) encodes a polypeptide of 593 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of grass carp NRF2 (CiNRF2) contains a well-conserved DNA-binding domain (BRLZ domain). Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that CiNRF2 has a closer evolutionary relationship with other fish counterparts. After CIK (C. idellus kidney) cells were persistently stimulated with tunicamycin (TM), CiNRF2 was significantly upregulated from 12 to 36 h. Then, the expression was dropped at 48 h post-infection. Additionally, when TM or TG (thapsigargin) stimulated CIK cells, overexpression of CiNRF2 in cells downregulated the expression of Bip mRNA, a marker protein of oxidative stress, suggesting that fish NRF2 can alleviate the oxidative stress level induced by TM or TG. To study the protective mechanism of fish NRF2, the DNA sequences of CiNRF2 and CiATF4 (grass carp ATF4) were separately sub-cloned into the expression vectors pEGFP and pCMV-Flag for co-immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays. These assays showed that CiNRF2 can combine with CiATF4 through its Neh1 domain. Meanwhile, we cloned grass carp HO-1 promoter sequence and constructed the recombinant plasmid of pGL3-HO-1. Soon afterwards, pGL3-HO-1 was co-transfected into grass carp ovary (CO) cells with pcDNA3.1-CiNRF2 or pcDNA3.1-CiATF4, respectively. The results showed that the luciferase activity of pGL3-HO-1 in the overexpressed CiNRF2 plus CiATF4 cells was significantly increased, along with the increase of cell viability (~ 133%). However, when HO-1 was knocked down in cells, CiNRF2 was unable to perform its function. These results demonstrated that CiNRF2 was effective in protecting grass carp against the oxidative stress induced by TM and increasing cell viability by upregulating HO-1 expression.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758513

RESUMO

PURPOSE: High progesterone is associated with low implantation rate. Our previous study demonstrated that DNA methylation in endometrium was increased in women with high progesterone in IVF cycles. However, the DNA methylation status is still not yet confirmed, and how it affects endometrial receptivity in high progesterone is still unknown. Current study investigated the effects of high progesterone on DNA methylation and gene expression of adhesion molecules on endometrium during implantation window. METHODS: A cohort study included 20 women with high progesterone (HP) and 20 with normal progesterone (NP) on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation in IVF cycle. Endometrial tissues were collected on the 7th day after hCG administration. Immunohistochemical staining of DNA methyltransferases (DNMT1 and DNMT3B) and adhesion molecules (MUC1, CDH1 and CTNNB1) were performed. Methylation of MUC1, CDH1, and CTNNB1 promoter regions was detected by Sequenom MassARRAY or bisulfite sequencing PCR. RT-qPCR was used to quantify mRNA expression levels, and correlation of methylation and gene expression level of the adhesion molecules were determined. RESULTS: DNMT3B, but not DNMT1, in nucleus of luminal and glandular epithelial cells in HP group was significantly higher than that in NP group. Promoter regions of CDH1 and CTNNB1, but not MUC1, in endometrium of HP group were hypermethylated. Protein and mRNA expression of MUC1, CDH1, and CTNNB1 in endometrium of HP group was significantly lower than that in NP group. Level of DNA methylation was negatively correlated with the gene expression of CDH1 and CTNNB1, but not MUC1. CONCLUSIONS: DNA hypermethylation and low expression of adhesion molecules on endometrium were associated with high progesterone during implantation window, which may contribute to the underlying epigenetic mechanism in the failure of IVF treatment.

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