Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.762
Filtrar
1.
Mol Pharm ; 19(2): 720-727, 2022 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936367

RESUMO

Radiolabeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligands have been rapidly adopted as part of patient care for prostate cancer. In this study, a new series of 18F-labeled PSMA-targeting agents was developed based on the high-affinity Glu-ureido-Lys scaffold and 18F-vinyl sulfones (VSs), the tumor uptake and tumor/major organ contrast of which could be tuned by pharmacokinetic linkers within the molecules. In particular, 18F-PEG3-VS-PSMAi showed the highest tumor uptake (12.1 ± 2.2%ID/g at 0.5 h p.i.) and 18F-PEG2-VS-PSMAi showed the highest tumor-to-liver ratio (T/L = 3.7 ± 1.0, 4.8 ± 1.2, and 6.3 ± 1.1 at 0.5, 1.5, and 3 h p.i. respectively). Significantly, compared with the FDA-approved 68Ga-PSMA-11, the newly developed 18F-PEG3-VS-PSMAi has an almost double tumor uptake (P < 0.0001) when tested in the same animal model. In conclusion, 18F-VS-labeled PSMA ligands are promising PET agents with prominent tumor uptake and high contrast. The lead agents 18F-PEG2-VS-PSMAi and 18F-PEG3-VS-PSMAi warrant further evaluation in prostate cancer patients.


Assuntos
Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata , Animais , Antígenos de Superfície , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Radioisótopos de Flúor/farmacocinética , Isótopos de Gálio , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Sulfonas
2.
Insects ; 13(9)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135483

RESUMO

Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) pose a serious threat to the global vegetable and flower crop production. The regulatory mechanism for superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the feeding adaptation of F. occidentalis after host shifting remains unclear. In this study, the copper chaperone for SOD (CCS) and manganese SOD (MnSOD) genes in F. occidentalis were cloned, and their expression levels at different developmental stages was determined. The mRNA expression of FoCCS1 and FoMnSOD2 in F. occidentalis second-instar larvae and adult females of F1, F2, and F3 generations was analyzed after shifting the thrips to kidney bean and broad bean plants, respectively. The F2 and F3 second-instar larvae and F2 adult females showed significantly upregulated FoCCS1 mRNA expression after shifting to kidney bean plants. The F1 second-instar larvae and F2 adult females showed significantly upregulated FoCCS1 mRNA expression after shifting to broad bean plants. The RNA interference significantly downregulated the FoCCS1 mRNA expression levels and adult females showed significantly inhibited SOD activity after shifting to kidney bean and broad bean plants. F. occidentalis adult females subjected to RNA interference and released on kidney bean and broad bean leaves for rearing, respectively, significantly reduced the survival rate and fecundity. These findings suggest that FoCCS1 plays an active role in regulating the feeding adaptation ability of F. occidentalis after host shifting.

3.
Brain Sci ; 12(9)2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138897

RESUMO

Emotion analysis has emerged as one of the most prominent study areas in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) due to the critical role that the human brain plays in the creation of human emotions. In this study, a Multi-objective Immunogenetic Community Division Algorithm Based on Memetic Framework (MFMICD) was suggested to study different emotions from the perspective of brain networks. To improve convergence and accuracy, MFMICD incorporates the unique immunity operator based on the traditional genetic algorithm and combines it with the taboo search algorithm. Based on this approach, we examined how the structure of people's brain networks alters in response to different emotions using the electroencephalographic emotion database. The findings revealed that, in positive emotional states, more brain regions are engaged in emotion dominance, the information exchange between local modules is more frequent, and various emotions cause more varied patterns of brain area interactions than in negative brain states. A brief analysis of the connections between different emotions and brain regions shows that MFMICD is reliable in dividing emotional brain functional networks into communities.

4.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139293

RESUMO

In this study, we estimated the genetic parameters for 6 composite traits and 27 body conformation traits of 1016 dual-purpose Simmental cattle reared in northwestern China from 2010 to 2019 using a linear animal mixed model. To integrate these traits, a variety of methods were used as follows: (1) genetic parameters estimates for composite and individual body conformation traits based on the pedigree relationship matrix (A) and combined genomic-pedigree relationship matrix (H); (2) factor analysis to explore the relationships among body conformation traits; and (3) genetic parameters of factor scores estimated using A and H, and the correlations of EBVs of the factor scores and EBVs of the composite traits. Heritability estimates of the composite traits using A and H were low to medium (0.07-0.47). The 24 common latent factors explained 96.13% of the total variance. Among factors with eigenvalues ≥ 1, F1 was mainly related to body frame, muscularity, and rump; F2 was related to feet and legs; F3, F4, F5, and F6 were related to teat placement, teat size, udder size, and udder conformation; and F7 was related to body frame. Single-trait analysis of factor scores yielded heritability estimates that were low to moderate (0.008-0.43 based on A and 0.04-0.43 based on H). Spearman and Pearson correlations, derived from the best linear unbiased prediction analysis of composite traits and factor scores, showed a similar pattern. Thus, incorporating factor analysis into the morphological evaluation to simplify the assessment of body conformation traits may improve the genetics of dual-purpose Simmental cattle.

5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 973-978, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the value of bedside transcranial doppler (TCD) in evaluating the level of intracranial pressure (ICP) in critically ill pediatric patients with nervous system disease in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A prospective analysis was performed on the critically ill pediatric patients with nervous system disease who were admitted to the PICU of Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, from November 2020 to November 2021. Bedside TCD was performed on all patients, and pulsatility index (PI) was calculated. Bedside lumbar puncture was performed to measure ICP. A Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between PI and ICP. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the value of PI in the diagnosis of elevated ICP (≥20 mm Hg). RESULTS: A total of 56 children were included in the study. The top three primary diseases were intracranial infection (24 children, 43%), traumatic brain injury (TBI) (11 children, 20%), and cerebrovascular disease (5 children, 9%). The Pearson correlation analysis showed that PI was positively correlated with ICP (r=0.536, P<0.001). The subgroup analysis based on primary disease showed that in the TBI group, PI was positively correlated with ICP (r=0.655, P=0.029), while no significant correlation between PI and ICP was observed in the intracranial infection group (r=0.324, P=0.122). The ROC curve analysis showed that PI had an area under the curve of 0.828 (95%CI: 0.677-0.979) in predicting ICP≥20 mm Hg, with a sensitivity of 83.3% and a specificity of 79.5% at the optimal cut-off value of 1.255. CONCLUSIONS: TCD technology for ICP monitoring can predict the change in ICP in critically ill pediatric patients with nervous system disease, suggesting it is useful for treatment options and prognosis evaluation.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Hipertensão Intracraniana , Criança , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Intracraniana/terapia , Pressão Intracraniana/fisiologia , Monitorização Fisiológica , Ultrassonografia Doppler Transcraniana
7.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 226: 107088, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Traditional hypertension and hyperlipidemia prediction models suffer from uneven modeling data sources, small sample sizes, and a lack of uniform standards for the index system, resulting in the model failing to fulfill clinical applications. To address this issue, this work will offer DHDIP, an interpretable hypertension and hyperlipidemia prediction model based on EMR data. METHODS: First, we will select massive high-dimensional, unstructured EMR data as a unified modeling data source, and propose a pre-processing algorithm for EMR data to solve the problem that EMR data cannot be directly processed by machine learning algorithms. Second, a variety of mainstream models such as XGBoost, CatBoost, and RandomForest are selected for modeling, and the best adaptation algorithms are identified by performance comparison. Finally, the SHAP framework was introduced into the DHDIP model, thus identifying the main factors contributing to hypertension and hyperlipidemia, effectively enhancing the interpretability of the model. RESULTS: The DHDIP model's MSE value is 0.0285, and its LOSS value is 0.0054, both of which are better than previous studies. CONCLUSION: The model balances performance and interpretability. Multi-objective learning allows for a more thorough analysis and prediction of the condition, which not only lowers the cost of disease prediction but also aids physicians in clinical diagnosis. In addition, the datasets and source code are available from this link: https://github.com/Xiaoyao-Jia/DHDIP.

8.
Pathol Res Pract ; 238: 154105, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099717

RESUMO

We report a female patient, who presented as a carcinoma of unknown primary site with multiple tumors in breast, lung, stomach, and ovary, was confirmed to be lung adenocarcinoma as primary cancer through detecting EML4-ALK rearrangement by the next generation sequencing (NGS). The patient was treated with crizotinib and resulted in significant regression of the primary and metastatic tumors, but resistance to crizotinib was developed 5 months after the treatment. Targeted therapy was, therefore, switched to alectinib, one of the second-generation of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors, with excellent therapeutic response till November 16th, 2021. This study suggested that NGS be recommended to detect ALK rearrangement in the patients with carcinoma of unknown primary site, and that resistance to targeted therapy with ALK inhibitors should be considered for personalized precision medicine.

9.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 409, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104685

RESUMO

Radiation-induced skin injury (RISI) is an important challenge for clinical treatments. The main causes of RISI include hypoxia in the wound microenvironment, reactive oxygen species (ROS) activation, and downregulation of DNA repair proteins. Here, a multiple radioresistance strategy was designed for microRNA therapy and attenuating hypoxia. A novel mesoporous silica (MS) firmly anchored and dispersed cerium (IV) oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles to form MS-CeO2 nanocomposites, which exhibit superior activity in inhibiting radiation-induced ROS and HIF-1α activation and ultimately promote RISI wound healing. The miR129 serum concentrations in patients can promote radioresistance by directly targeting RAD17 and regulating the Chk2 pathway. Subsequently, MS-CeO2 nanocomposites with miR129 were conjugated with iRGD-grafted polyoxyethylene glycol (short for nano-miR129), which increased the stability and antibacterial character, efficiently delivered miR129 to wound blood capillaries, and exhibited low toxicity. Notably, nano-miR129 promoted radioresistance and enhanced anti-ROS therapeutic efficacy in a subcutaneous RISI mouse model. Overall, this MS-CeO2 nanozyme and miR129-based multiresistance radiotherapy protection strategy provided a promising therapeutic approach for RISI.


Assuntos
Cério , Dióxido de Silício , Animais , Cério/farmacologia , Hipóxia , Camundongos , Cicatrização
10.
Cell Signal ; : 110470, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122885

RESUMO

Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3, also known as intestinal trefoil factor) is a small-molecule peptide containing a typical trefoil structure. TFF3 has several biological effects, such as wound healing, immune regulation, neuroprotection, and cell migration and proliferation promotion. Although TFF3 binding sites were identified in rat kidneys more than a decade ago, the specific effects of this small-molecule peptide on kidneys remain unclear. Until recently, much of the research on TFF3 in the kidney field has focused exclusively on its role as a biomarker. Notably, a large prospective randomized study of patients with 29 common clinical diseases revealed that chronic kidney disease (CKD) was associated with the highest serum TFF3 levels, which were 3-fold higher than in acute gastroenteritis, which had the second-highest levels. Examination of each stage of CKD revealed that urine and serum TFF3 levels significantly increased with the progression of CKD. These results suggest that the role of TFF3 in CKD needs further research. The present review summarizes the renal physiological expression, biological functions, and downstream signaling of TFF3, as well as the upstream events that lead to high expression of TFF3 in CKD.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(36): 22331, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098257

RESUMO

Correction for 'Enhanced photoluminescence stability and internal defect evolution of the all-inorganic lead-free CsEuCl3 perovskite nanocrystals' by Yalei Gao et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2022, 24, 18860-18867, https://doi.org/10.1039/D2CP01374F.

12.
Poult Sci ; 101(11): 102120, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113166

RESUMO

The regulation of skeletal muscle growth and development in chicken is complex. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to play an important role in the process, and more research is needed to further understand the regulatory mechanism of miRNAs. In this study, leg muscles of Jinghai yellow chickens at 300 d with low body weight (slow-growing group) and high body weight (fast-growing group) were collected for miRNA sequencing (miRNA-seq) and Bioinformatics analysis revealed 12 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) between the two groups. We predicted 150 target genes for the DEMs, and GO and KEGG pathway analysis showed the target genes of miR-24-3p and novel_miR_133 were most enriched in the terms related to growth and development. Moreover, networks of DEMs and target genes showed that miR-24-3p and novel_miR_133 were the 2 core miRNAs. Hence, miR-24-3p was selected for further functional exploration in chicken primary myoblasts (CPMs) with molecular biology technologies including qPCR, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) and immunofluorescence. When proliferating CPMs were transfected with miR-24-3p mimic, the expression of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (P21) was up-regulated and both CCK-8 and EdU assays showed that the proliferation of CPMs was inhibited. However, when the inhibitor was transfected into the proliferating CPMs, the opposite results were found. In differentiated CPMs, transfection with miR-24-3p mimic resulted in up regulation of MYOD, MYOG and MYHC after 48 h. Myotube areas also increased significantly compared to the mimic negative control (NC) group. When treated with inhibitor, differentiation CPMs produced the opposite effects. Overall, we revealed 2 miRNAs (novel_miR_133 and miR-24-3p) significantly related with growth and development and further proved that miR-24-3p could suppress the proliferation and promote differentiation of CPMs. The results would facilitate understanding the effects of miRNAs on the growth and development of chickens at the post-transcriptional level and could also have an important guiding role in yellow-feathered chicken breeding.

13.
BMC Med Imaging ; 22(1): 157, 2022 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the value of performing gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics for preoperative prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on multiple sequences. METHODS: We randomly allocated 165 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatectomy to training and validation sets. Stepwise regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm were used to select significant variables. A clinicoradiological model, radiomics model, and combined model were constructed using multivariate logistic regression. The performance of the models was evaluated, and a nomogram risk-prediction model was built based on the combined model. A concordance index and calibration curve were used to evaluate the discrimination and calibration of the nomogram model. RESULTS: The tumour margin, peritumoural hypointensity, and seven radiomics features were selected to build the combined model. The combined model outperformed the radiomics model and the clinicoradiological model and had the highest sensitivity (90.89%) in the validation set. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.826, 0.755, and 0.708 for the combined, radiomics, and clinicoradiological models, respectively. The nomogram model based on the combined model exhibited good discrimination (concordance index = 0.79) and calibration. CONCLUSIONS: The combined model based on radiomics features of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI, tumour margin, and peritumoural hypointensity was valuable for predicting HCC microvascular invasion. The nomogram based on the combined model can intuitively show the probabilities of MVI.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
15.
Front Neurol ; 13: 923186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147047

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) associated with persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) aneurysm rupture is extremely rare. We presented a case about a spontaneous CCF secondary to a ruptured PPTA aneurysm, which was successfully embolized with coils and onyx-18 by a trans-arterial approach. Case presentation: A 55-year-old female suffered a sudden onset of headache, left orbital pain, and pulsatile exophthalmos for a month without any history of trauma. Angiography revealed a left-sided CCF associated with a ruptured PPTA aneurysm, with major drainage to the ipsilateral superior ophthalmic vein. Through a trans-arterial approach, the fistula and ruptured PPTA aneurysm were embolized with coils and onyx-18, while the cavernous sinus and PPTA were well-preserved. However, the preserved PPTA vanished at 4 month follow-up. The patient had no neurological deficit from hospitalization to 1 year follow-up period. Conclusion: Trans-arterial approach was a reasonable choice for spontaneous CCF associated with ruptured PPTA aneurysm. The requirement for PPTA preservation depended on individual evaluation.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 888667, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117647

RESUMO

Background: To explore the association between soy product consumption and the risk of depression in the community. Methods: In 2014, a total of 10,901 older people were recruited from Zhejiang province, China, and completed food frequency interviews. Participants were followed up over the next 6 years, and depression was assessed at each visit. Finally, 6,253 participants were included in the present study. Mixed effects models were performed to analyze the association by multivariate adjustments for potential confounders. Results: Over four-fifths of the eligible participants took soy food at least one day per week. The mixed effects model has shown the adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) of high-frequency consumers (4-7 days per week) were 0.46 (0.39-0.54) for depression with a cut-off score of 5, compared with non-consumers. Conclusions: More frequent soy product consumption was associated with a lower risk of depression.

17.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) and idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) are malignant and benign lesions for which radiotherapy and corticosteroids are indicated, but similar clinical manifestations make their differentiation difficult. PURPOSE: To develop and validate an MRI-based radiomics nomogram for individual diagnosis of OAL vs. IOI. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 103 patients (46.6% female) with mean age of 56.4 ± 16.3 years having OAL (n = 58) or IOI (n = 45) were divided into an independent training (n = 82) and a testing dataset (n = 21). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3-T, precontrast T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), and postcontrast T1WI (T1 + C). ASSESSMENT: Radiomics features were extracted and selected from segmented tumors and peritumoral regions in MRI before-and-after filtering. These features, alone or combined with clinical characteristics, were used to construct a radiomics or joint signature to differentiate OAL from IOI, respectively. A joint nomogram was built to show the impact of the radiomics signature and clinical characteristics on individual risk of developing OAL. STATISTICAL TESTS: Area under the curve (AUC) and accuracy (ACC) were used for performance evaluation. Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests were used to analyze continuous and categorical variables. Decision curve analysis, kappa statistics, DeLong and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests were also conducted. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The joint signature achieved an AUC of 0.833 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.806-0.870), slightly better than the radiomics signature with an AUC of 0.806 (95% CI: 0.767-0.838) (P = 0.778). The joint and radiomics signatures were comparable to experienced radiologists referencing to clinical characteristics (ACC = 0.810 vs. 0.796-0.806, P > 0.05) or not (AUC = 0.806 vs. 0.753-0.791, P > 0.05), respectively. The joint nomogram gained more net benefits than the radiomics nomogram, despite both showing good calibration and discriminatory efficiency (P > 0.05). DATA CONCLUSION: The developed radiomics-based analysis might help to improve the diagnostic performance and reveal the association between radiomics features and individual risk of developing OAL. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: 3.

18.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy based on disruption of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis is standard of care for many high stage malignancies including melanomas, non-small cell carcinomas of the lung, triple negative breast carcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Eligibility for immunotherapy requires immunohistochemical assessment of PD-L1 expression. Currently, many high stage malignancies are diagnosed by cytology and cytologic material is the only specimen available for ancillary testing. Formal guidelines do not currently exist defining the optimal specimen type, antibody to be used or the best scoring system for cytologic material. Significant information has been published for PD-L1 testing of pulmonary specimens but much less data exists for the reproducibility, accuracy and best practices for material obtained from other body sites and types of malignancy. METHODS: We searched the PubMed data base for manuscripts relating to PD-L1 testing of cytologic specimens. The search period was between 2016 and 2022. The search terms used were PD-L1, cytology, FNA, immunotherapy, immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry, cytology-histology correlation. Cross referencing techniques were used to screen for the most relevant manuscripts. The abstracts of these were then reviewed for final data collection and analysis. RESULTS: A total of 86 studies were identified conforming to study relevancy. These were reviewed in their entirety by two authors (LJL, TZ) for extraction of data. The majority of studies involved pulmonary specimens (79) with three relating to PD-L1 testing of head and neck cytologic specimens and one each for PD-L1 testing of cytology specimens from melanomas, pancreas, pleural fluids, and triple negative breast carcinomas. While smears could be used, most studies found cell blocks optimal for testing. SUMMARY: Currently, four drugs are approved for immunotherapy based on PD-L1 status. These drugs require specific antibody clones as well as scoring systems. Scoring systems and cut points vary with the type of neoplasm being treated. Cytology specimens from the lung, head and neck and melanomas can all be used for PD-L1 testing with good agreement with corresponding histology specimens.

19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5211, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064711

RESUMO

Critical-sized bone defects often lead to non-union and full-thickness defects of the calvarium specifically still present reconstructive challenges. In this study, we show that neurotrophic supplements induce robust in vitro expansion of mesenchymal stromal cells, and in situ transplantation of neurotrophic supplements-incorporated 3D-printed hydrogel grafts promote full-thickness regeneration of critical-sized bone defects. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis reveals that a unique atlas of in situ stem/progenitor cells is generated during the calvarial bone healing in vivo. Notably, we find a local expansion of resident Msx1+ skeletal stem cells after transplantation of the in situ cell culture system. Moreover, the enhanced calvarial bone regeneration is accompanied by an increased endochondral ossification that closely correlates to the Msx1+ skeletal stem cells. Our findings illustrate the time-saving and regenerative efficacy of in situ cell culture systems targeting major cell subpopulations in vivo for rapid bone tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Engenharia Tecidual , Regeneração Óssea , Osteogênese , Crânio , Células-Tronco , Tecidos Suporte
20.
iScience ; 25(9): 104917, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051182

RESUMO

Robust axon regeneration of motoneurons (MNs) occurs in rodent models upon peripheral nerve injury (PNI). However, genome-wide dynamic molecules and permissive microenvironment following insult in MNs remain largely unknown. Here, we firstly tackled by high-coverage and massive sequencing of laser-dissected individual ChAT+ cells to uncover molecules and pro-regenerative programs of MNs from injury to the regenerating phase after PNI. "Injured" populations at 1d∼7d were well distinguished and three response phases were well defined by elucidating with several clues (Gap43, etc). We found remarkable changes of genes expressed by injured motoneurons to activate and enhance intrinsic axon regrowth or crosstalk with other cellular or non-cellular counterpart in the activated regenerative microenvironment, specifically microglia/macrophage. We also identified an injury and regeneration-associated module and critical regulators including core transcription factors (Atf3, Arid5a, Klf6, Klf7, Jun, Stat3, and Myc). This study provides a vital resource and critical molecules for studying neural repair of axotomized motoneurons.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...