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1.
J Affect Disord ; 321: 74-82, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of prenatal maternal depression, anxiety and stress, and postnatal depression on infant early neurodevelopment, and the sex dimorphism. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 3379 mother-infant pairs from the Shanghai Birth Cohort. Maternal mental health was assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Perceived Stress Scale at mid-pregnancy, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at postpartum. Infant neurodevelopment was evaluated using the Ages & Stages Questionnaires and Bayley Scales at ages 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Linear mixed models and linear regression models were used. RESULTS: Among 3379 mothers, 11.07 %, 5.42 %, and 34.85 % of women experienced depression, anxiety, and elevated stress, separately. As maternal prenatal mental scores increased per 1SD, infant social-emotional scores decreased -2.82 (-3.86, -1.79) vs -2.86 (-3.94, -1.79) for depression, -2.34 (-3.38, -1.31) vs -2.72 (-3.81, -1.64) for anxiety, and -2.55 (-3.60, -1.50) vs -3.41 (-4.48, -2.35) for stress among boys and girls at age 24 months, respectively. Associations were also observed on social-emotional and communication scores in boys and girls, and fine motor in girls at age 6 and 12 months. These associations were not observed for postpartum depression. LIMITATION: Generalizability of the results to other population remains to be determined. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal maternal depression, anxiety, and stress were negatively associated with infant early neurodevelopment, which were not observed for postpartum depression. We underscore the importance of maternal prenatal mental health in optimizing infant neuropsychiatric development.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Humanos , Gravidez , Lactente , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Mães/psicologia
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt B): 11-20, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308804

RESUMO

Natural green algaes (GAs) was treated with NaCl solution to prepare metal- silicates (S-C-FeSi-3 and S-C-CuSi-3) with high electrochemical performance. Then, the as-synthesized samples were soaked in NaOH solution to obtain etched metal silicates (e-S-C-FeSi-3 and e-S-C-CuSi-3). This novel method was used to generate a more porous structure with a higher specific surface area. In the three-electrode system, e-S-C-FeSi-3 and e-S-C-CuSi-3 showed the best electrochemical performance (476 F g-1 and 458 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1, 96 % and 97% after 10,000 cycles, respectively). The solid-state hybrid supercapacitor (HSC) devices (denoted as e-S-C-FeSi-3//AC and e-S-C-CuSi-3//AC), manufactured by metal- silicates and activated carbon (AC), were tested in a two-electrode system. e-S-C-MSi-3//AC exhibited much better electrochemical properties such as areal specific capacitances (603 and 615 mF cm-2 at 2 mA cm-2), energy densities (4.57 and 4.43 Wh m-2 at the power density of 19.2 and 21.0 W m-2) and cycle performances (74.5 % and 76.3 % after 6,000 cycles) than those of C-MSi-3//AC, e-C-MSi-3//AC and S-C-MSi-3//AC (M = Fe and Cu). This study confirms that supercapacitors with excellent electrochemical performance can be prepared by naturally polluted GAs. Furthermore, treatment with porogens is shown to be an effective method to enhance the electrochemical properties of metal- silicates and to prepare electrode materials applied for high-performance supercapacitors.


Assuntos
Clorófitas , Silicatos , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Metais , Carvão Vegetal
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159329, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216050

RESUMO

Graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) are revolutionary new nanomaterials that have attracted significant attention in the field of nanomaterials, but the ensuing problems lie in the potential threats to public health and the ecosystem caused by these nanomaterials. From the perspective of GFN-related health risk assessments, this study reviews the current status of GFN-induced pathological lung events with a focus on the damage caused to different biological moieties (molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ) and the mechanistic relationships between different toxic endpoints. These multiple sites of damage were matched with existing adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) in an online knowledge base to obtain available molecular initiation events (MIEs), key events (KEs), and adverse outcomes (AOs). Among them, the MIEs were discussed in combination with the structure-activity relationship due to the correlation between toxicity and physical and chemical properties of GFNs. Based on the collection of information regarding MIEs, Kes, and AOs in addition to upstream and downstream causal extrapolation, the AOP framework for GFN-induced pulmonary toxicity was developed, highlighting the possible mechanisms of GFN-induced lung damage. This review intended to combine AOP with classic toxicological methods with a view to rapidly and accurately establishing a nanotoxicology infrastructure so as to contribute to public health risk assessment strategies through iteration from and animal models up to the population level.

4.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134188, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244074

RESUMO

Rheological properties and chemical interactions of doughs prepared at different temperatures were evaluated. The results showed that the rigidity of pretreated doughs was enhanced, and the processing performance of doughs was weakened. Preheating resulted in the polymerization of gluten through the conversion of sulfhydryl groups to disulfide bonds. The noncovalent interaction of dough played a dominant role and further led to the production of glutenin macropolymers (55.77 mg/g). CLSM images verified that preheating promoted the formation of the coarse and scattered gluten network, while preheating at 80 °C led to a higher gluten area percentage (40.27 %) and lower lacunarity (6.74 × 10-2) structure. The migration of water promoted changes in hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interaction in doughs, which directly affect the processability of doughs. The study provides information for predicting the rheological behavior of dough in actual production and makes it possible to modify gluten by preheating treatment without complicating existing operations.

5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 915-922, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182194

RESUMO

As a biosorbent, algae are frequently used for the biotreatment or bioremediation of water contaminated by heavy metal or radionuclides. However, it is unclear that whether or not the biomineralization of these metal or radionuclides can be induced by algae in the process of bioremediation and what the mechanism is. In this work, Ankistrodsemus sp. has been used to treat the uranium-contaminated water, and more than 98% of uranium in the solution can be removed by the alga, when the initial uranium concentration ranges from 10 to 80 mg/L. Especially, an unusual phenomenon of algae-induced uranium biomineralization has been found in the process of uranium bioremediation and its mineralization mechanism has been explored by multiple approaches. It is worth noticing that the biomineralization of uranium induced by Ankistrodsemus sp. is significantly affected by contact time and pH. Uranium is captured rapidly on the cell surface via complexation with the carboxylate radical, amino and amide groups of the microalgae cells, which provides nucleation sites for the precipitation of insoluble minerals. Uranium stimulates Ankistrodsemus sp. to metabolize potassium ions (K+), which may endow algae with the ability to biomineralize uranium into the rose-like compreignacite (K2[(UO2)6O4(OH)6]•8H2O). As the time increased, the amorphous gradually converted into compreignacite crystals and a large number of crystals would expand over both inside and outside the cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first investigated microalgae with a time-dependent uranium biomineralization ability and superior tolerance to uranium. This work validates that Ankistrodsemus sp. is a promising alga for the treatment of uranium-contaminated wastewater.


Assuntos
Clorófitas , Urânio , Amidas , Biomineralização , Minerais/química , Potássio , Radioisótopos , Urânio/química , Compostos de Urânio , Águas Residuárias , Água
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159522, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270364

RESUMO

Anthropogenic activities have greatly changed the land use and land cover (LULC) and further influenced the chemical properties and amount of DOM transported into aquatic systems, meanwhile, microbial processing is also critical to DOM molecular composition in freshwaters. However, how they jointly shape DOM's chemical composition and chemodiversity in lakes is poorly understood. Here we examined DOM characteristics for seven inland lakes with three different land cover conditions (forest-dominated, cropland-dominated, and urban-dominated). Results indicated that DOM in cropland-dominated and forest-dominated lakes exhibited more characteristics of terrestrial organic matter, while urban-dominated lakes had more allochthonous organic matter driven by relatively high nutrient input. Human activities extended terrestrial DOM input to lakes and intensified the amount of heteroatomic organic molecules containing nitrogen and sulfur in lakes, with cropland contributing more N-containing compounds and urban contributing more S-containing compounds. Differential bacterial community composition appeared in the three types of land cover lakes, while strong co-occurrence/exclusion patterns between specific microbes and molecular formula groups revealed the key DOM metabolism functions of these bacteria. Matrix correlations based on Mantel tests confirmed that watershed landcover status was a dominating factor for DOM sources and molecular composition in mountainous lakes through direct input of terrestrial organic matter, and microbial processing was not the key factor for DOM molecular formula. Our findings help to assess the influence of human activities and microbial processing in the transfer and transformation of DOM in environmental waters.


Assuntos
Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Lagos , Humanos , Lagos/química , Atividades Humanas , Florestas , Nitrogênio
7.
Food Chem ; 400: 134019, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084589

RESUMO

Egg-white peptides (EWP, <1 kDa) have been shown to possess various bioactive properties. However, poor emulsification of EWP limits its application in functional foods. In this study, EWP aggregation induced by proanthocyanidins (PC) contributed to the improvement of emulsion properties. The two-step binding process of PC-EWP-EWP was confirmed by isothermal titration calorimetry, fluorescence spectroscopy, surface hydrophobicity, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. We found that first EWP combines with PC via hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions. Next, more EWPs bind to the EWP in PC-EWP via hydrogen bonding, thereby forming PC-EWP-EWP aggregates. The aggregates (PC to EWP ratio of 1:4) reduced the surface tension (6 %) and improved the contact angle (53 %). The co-adsorption of EWP and aggregates at the O/W interface improved the contact angle, protein adsorption rate, and emulsion stability. This study establishes EWP aggregates induced by PC as an effective emulsifier, thereby expanding the application fields of EWP.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Ovo , Proantocianidinas , Proteínas do Ovo/química , Clara de Ovo , Emulsões , Peptídeos
8.
Appl Math Model ; 114: 133-146, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36212726

RESUMO

More than 30 months into the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, efforts to bring this prevalence under control have achieved tentative achievements in China. However, the continuing increase in confirmed cases worldwide and the novel variants imply a severe risk of imported viruses. High-intensity non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are the mainly used measures of China's early response to COVID-19, which enabled effective control in the first wave of the epidemic. However, their efficiency is relatively low across China at the current stage. Therefore, this study focuses on whether measurable meteorological variables be found through global data to learn more about COVID-19 and explore flexible controls. This study first examines the control measures, such as NPIs and vaccination, on COVID-19 transmission across 189 countries, especially in China. Subsequently, we estimate the association between meteorological factors and time-varying reproduction numbers based on the global data by meta-population epidemic model, eliminating the aforementioned anthropogenic factors. According to this study, we find that the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 transmission varied wildly among Köppen-Geiger climate classifications, which is of great significance for the flexible adjustment of China's control protocols. We obtain that in southeast China, Köppen-Geiger climate sub-classifications, Cwb, Cfa, and Cfb, are more likely to spread COVID-19. In August, the RSIM of Cwb climate subclassification is about three times that of Dwc in April, which implies that the intensity of control efforts in different sub-regions may differ three times under the same imported risk. However, BSk and BWk, the most widely distributed in northwest China, have smaller basic reproduction numbers than Cfa, distributed in southeast coastal areas. It indicates that northwest China's control intensity could be appropriately weaker than southeast China under the same prevention objectives.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115689, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096349

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xiao Chai Hu Tang (XCHT) derived from the classic medical book Shang Han Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases) in the Eastern Han Dynasty, which has been widely used in China and other Asian countries for the treatment of inflammation and fibrosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but the therapeutic mechanism of XCHT in pancreatic fibrosis remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the intervention effects and explore pharmacological mechanism of XCHT on inflammation and fibrosis in cerulein-induced CP model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five main groups, 10 animals in each: Control, CP model (50 µg/kg cerulein), high dose XCHT-treated CP group (60 g/kg XCHT), medium dose XCHT-treated CP group (30 g/kg XCHT) and low dose XCHT-treated CP group (15 g/kg XCHT). Different doses of XCHT were given to mice by gavage twice a day for 2 weeks after the CP model induction. Pancreatic tissues were harvested and the pancreatic inflammation and fibrosis were evaluated by histological score, Sirius red staining, and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) immunohistochemical staining. ELISA, IHC and RT-qPCR were performed to detect the expression of Vitamin D3 (VD3) and Vitamin D receptor (VDR) in serum and pancreatic tissues, respectively. The expressions of NLRP3 inflammasome related genes and molecules were assayed by WB, IHC and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: The pathohistological results demonstrated that XCHT markedly inhibited the fibrosis and chronic inflammation of cerulein-induced CP, indicated by reduction of collagen I, collagen III, α-SMA, and NLRP3 expressions. XCHT significantly increased VD3 and VDR expression while reduced the pancreatic NLRP3 expression. Correspondingly, XCHT decreased the levels of NLRP3 downstream targets IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that XCHT suppressed the pancreatic fibrosis and chronic inflammation in cerulein-induced CP model by enhancing the VD3/VDR expression and inhibiting the secretion of NLRP3-assoicated inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Ceruletídeo , Pancreatite Crônica , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Ceruletídeo/efeitos adversos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação , Interleucina-6 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Pancreatite Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Pancreatite Crônica/metabolismo , Receptores de Calcitriol/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Vitamina D/efeitos adversos
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115699, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113679

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Periodontal disease is a complex inflammatory disease that seriously affects peoples' lives. Scutellaria radix (SR) is traditionally used as a folk medicine to clear away heat and dampness, purge fire and detoxification. Although it has been extensively used as a medicinal plant to treat a variety of inflammatory illnesses, the efficacy and active ingredient for topical administration in the treatment of periodontitis is unknown. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to screen and validate the active ingredients in SR for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ligature-induced periodontitis in rats was used to investigate the efficacy of topical administration of SR for the treatment of periodontitis, and the active fraction was screened after separation of the aqueous extract of SR into fractions of different polarities using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell model. Chromatographic fingerprints were established for 18 batches of SR by high performance liquid chromatography. The potential active components were screened using spectral effect relationship analysis and the target cell extraction method. RESULTS: SR has good efficacy in the topical treatment of periodontitis, according to animal experiments. Five active ingredients were screened out and their anti-inflammatory activity was confirmed in vitro. CONCLUSION: The main active compounds in the treatment of periodontitis via topical administration of SR were found and this provides an experimental basis for further studies on the pharmacodynamic material basis of SR, as well as reference for the comprehensive evaluation of SR quality and the development of substitute resources.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Scutellaria baicalensis , Administração Tópica , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Scutellaria baicalensis/química
11.
J Palliat Care ; 38(1): 17-23, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospice care for end-of-life patients in the ICU should focus on quality of life. Currently, there are no specific quality-of-life measures for ICU end-of-life patients in China. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to revise and culturally adapt the Taiwanese version of the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL-Taiwan) and to test its reliability and validity to provide an effective instrument for assessing the quality of life of ICU patients at the end of life. METHODS: The revision and cultural adaptation of the MQOL-Taiwan were performed to develop a Chinese version of the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire for ICU end-of-life patients (MQOL-ICU). A total of 156 ICU doctors, 286 ICU nurses and 120 ICU family members of end-of-life patients were surveyed with the revised scale to evaluate the quality of life of ICU patients at the end of life. The content validity, construct validity, and internal consistency of the scale were measured after the revision. RESULTS: The Chinese version of the MQOL-ICU scale was formed based on the MQOL-Taiwan scale, which includes 8 items. For the Chinese version of the MQOL-ICU, the item-content validity index (I-CVI) ranged from 0.789 to 0.905, and the average scale-level content validity index (S-CVI/Ave) was 0.845. After exploratory factor analysis, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) value was 0.700, and 3 dominant factors were extracted: physical and psychological symptoms, existential well-being, and support. In addition, 70.385% of the total variance was explained. The internal consistency (Cronbach's α) coefficient of the whole MQOL-ICU was 0.804, and the coefficients for the 3 domains ranged from 0.779 to 0.833. CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of the MQOL-ICU showed good reliability and validity, and it can be used to assess the quality of life of ICU patients at the end of life.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Morte , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Psicometria
12.
Neurosci Bull ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411394

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had an adverse impact on the physical and mental health of the public worldwide. In addition to illness in patients with COVID-19, isolated people and the general population have experienced mental health problems due to social distancing policies, mandatory lockdown, and other psychosocial factors, and the prevalence of depression and anxiety significantly increased during the pandemic. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the epidemiology, contributing factors, and pathogenesis of depression and anxiety. during the pandemic. These findings indicate that physicians and psychiatrists should pay more attention to and identify those with a high risk for mental problems, such as females, younger people, unmarried people, and those with a low educational level. In addition, researchers should focus on identifying the neural and neuroimmune mechanisms involved in depression and anxiety, and assess the intestinal microbiome to identify effective biomarkers. We also provide an overview of various intervention methods, including pharmacological treatment, psychological therapy, and physiotherapy, to provide a reference for different populations to guide the development of optimized intervention methods.

13.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1036980, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388217

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effects of sleep disorders on the prognosis of neurological function after stroke and other factors affecting the prognosis after stroke. Method: We designed a cohort study. A total of 1,542 patients with their first stroke were hospitalized in the department of neurology of Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from 2015.6.1 to 2016.12.31. We recorded the personal histories of patients. The MMSE (mini-mental state examination), MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment), HAMD (Hamilton Depression Scale), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, mRS (Modified Rankin Scale), BI (Barthel Index), PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), ESS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), Berlin questionnaire, and nocturnal TST (Total sleep time) were assessed before discharge, 3 months, 6 months, and 4 years (2019-2020) after stroke. Result: Low sleep quality (OR 2.019, 95%CI 1.199-3.398, p = 0.008), nocturnal TST (<7 h) (OR 4.060, 95%CI 1.494-11.034, p = 0.006), nocturnal TST (>8 h) (OR 5.928, 95% CI 2.134-16.464, p = 0.001) were risk factors for poor neurological function recovery at 3 months after stroke. Nocturnal TST (<7 h) (OR 13.042, 95%-CI 2.576-66.027, p = 0.002) and nocturnal TST (>8 h) (OR 11.559, 95%-CI 2.108-63.390, p = 0.005) were risk factors for poor neurological function at 6 months after stroke. Nocturnal TST (<7 h) (OR 2.668, 95% CI 1.250-5.698, p = 0.011) and nocturnal TST (>8 h) (OR 2.516, 95% CI 1.080-5.861, p = 0.033) were risk factors for poor neurological function at 4 years after stroke. High risk of OSA (HR 1.582, 95%CI 1.244-2.012, p < 0.001) was a risk factor for all-cause death in patients followed up for 4 years after stroke. Conclusion: Low sleep quality is associated with short-term poor neurological function after stroke. Unusual nocturnal TST (long or short) is associated with short-term or long-term poor neurological function after stroke. A high risk of OSA is associated with a higher risk of all-cause death after stroke.

14.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 1023482, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385767

RESUMO

Physical exercise benefits hippocampal function through various molecular mechanisms. Protein acetylation, a conserved and widespread post-translational modification, is involved in the synaptic plasticity and memory. However, whether exercise can change global acetylation and the role of acetylated proteins in the hippocampus have remained largely unknown. Herein, using healthy adult mice running for 6 weeks as exercise model and sedentary mice as control, we analyzed the hippocampal lysine acetylome and proteome by Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. As a result, we profiled the lysine acetylation landscape for the hippocampus and identified 3,876 acetyl sites and 1,764 acetylated proteins. A total of 272 acetyl sites on 252 proteins were differentially regulated by chronic exercise, among which 18.58% acetylated proteins were annotated in mitochondria. These proteins were dominantly deacetylated and mainly associated with carbon-related metabolism, the Hippo signaling pathway, ribosomes, and protein processing. Meanwhile, 21 proteins were significantly expressed and enriched in the pathway of complement and coagulation cascades. Our findings provide a new avenue for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the benefits of exercise for hippocampal function and can contribute to the promotion of public health.

15.
Environ Pollut ; : 120676, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395913

RESUMO

Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanoparticles (1-10 nm) with excellent optical and electrical properties. As QDs show great promise for applications in fields such as biomedicine, their biosafety is widely emphasized. Therefore, studies on the potential 'nanotoxicity' of QDs in genetic material are warranted. This review summarizes and discusses recent reports derived from different cell lines or animal models concerning the effects of QDs on genetic material. QDs could induce many types of genetic material damage, which subsequently triggers a series of cellular adverse outcomes, including apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and senescence. However, the individual biological and ecological significance of the genotoxicity of QDs is not yet clear. In terms of mechanisms of genotoxicity, QDs can damage DNA either through their own nanomorphology or through the released metal ions. It also includes the reactive oxygen species generation, inflammation and failure of DNA damage repair. Notably, apoptosis may lead to false positive results in genotoxicity tests. Finally, given the different uses of QDs and the interference of the physicochemical properties of QDs on the test method, genotoxicity testing of QDs should be different from traditional toxic compounds, which requires further research.

16.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a U-Net-based deep learning model for automated segmentation of craniopharyngioma. METHODS: A total number of 264 patients diagnosed with craniopharyngiomas were included in this research. Pre-treatment MRIs were collected, annotated, and used as ground truth to learn and evaluate the deep learning model. Thirty-eight patients from another institution were used for independently external testing. The proposed segmentation model was constructed based on a U-Net architecture. Dice similarity coefficients (DSCs), Hausdorff distance of 95% percentile (95HD), Jaccard value, true positive rate (TPR), and false positive rate (FPR) of each case were calculated. One-way ANOVA analysis was used to investigate if the model performance was associated with the radiological characteristics of tumors. RESULTS: The proposed model showed a good performance in segmentation with average DSCs of 0.840, Jaccard of 0.734, TPR of 0.820, FPR of 0.000, and 95HD of 3.669 mm. It performed feasibly in the independent external test set, with average DSCs of 0.816, Jaccard of 0.704, TPR of 0.765, FPR of 0.000, and 95HD of 4.201 mm. Also, one-way ANOVA suggested the performance was not statistically associated with radiological characteristics, including predominantly composition (p = 0.370), lobulated shape (p = 0.353), compressed or enclosed ICA (p = 0.809), and cavernous sinus invasion (p = 0.283). CONCLUSIONS: The proposed deep learning model shows promising results for the automated segmentation of craniopharyngioma. KEY POINTS: • The segmentation model based on U-Net showed good performance in segmentation of craniopharyngioma. • The proposed model showed good performance regardless of the radiological characteristics of craniopharyngioma. • The model achieved feasibility in the independent external dataset obtained from another center.

17.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6996, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384968

RESUMO

Developing highly efficient catalyst for selective oxidation of benzene to phenol (SOBP) with low H2O2 consumption is highly desirable for practical application, but challenge remains. Herein, we report unique single-atom Cu1-N1O2 coordination-structure on N/C material (Cu-N1O2 SA/CN), prepared by water molecule-mediated pre-assembly-pyrolysis method, can efficiently boost SOBP reaction at a 2:1 of low H2O2/benzene molar ratio, showing 83.7% of high benzene conversion with 98.1% of phenol selectivity. The Cu1-N1O2 sites can provide a preponderant reaction pathway for SOBP reaction with less steps and lower energy barrier. As a result, it shows an unexpectedly higher turnover frequency (435 h-1) than that of Cu1-N2 (190 h-1), Cu1-N3 (90 h-1) and Cu nanoparticle (58 h-1) catalysts, respectively. This work provides a facile and efficient method for regulating the electron configuration of single-atom catalyst and generates a highly active and selective non-precious metal catalyst for industrial production of phenol through selective oxidation of benzene.

18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19959, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402912

RESUMO

Cinnamon aqueous extract's active substance base remains unclear and its mechanisms, mainly the therapeutic target of anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related GABAergic synaptic dysfunction, remain unclear. Here, 30 chemical components were identified in the aqueous extract of cinnamon using LC/MS; secondly, we explored the brain-targeting components of the aqueous extract of cinnamon, and 17 components had a good absorption due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) limitation; thirdly, further clustering analysis of active ingredient targets by network pharmacology showed that the GABA pathway with GABRG2 as the core target was significantly enriched; then, we used prominent protein-protein interactions (PPI), relying on a protein-metabolite network, and identified the GABRA1, GABRB2 and GABRA5 as the closest targets to GABRG2; finally, the affinity between the target and its cognate active compound was predicted by molecular docking. In general, we screened five components, methyl cinnamate, propyl cinnamate, ( +)-procyanidin B2, procyanidin B1, and myristicin as the brain synapse-targeting active substances of cinnamon using a systematic strategy, and identified GABRA1, GABRB2, GABRA5 and GABRG2 as core therapeutic targets of cinnamon against Alzheimer's disease-related GABAergic synaptic dysfunction. Exploring the mechanism of cinnamon' activities through multi-components and multiple targets strategies promise to reduce the threat of single- target and symptom-based drug discovery failure.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
19.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(4): 617, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404789

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting offers a potentially powerful new approach to reverse engineering human pathophysiology to address the problem of developing more biomimetic experimental systems. Human tissues and organs are multiscale and multi-material structures. The greatest challenge for organ printing is the complexity of the structural elements, from the shape of the macroscopic structure to the details of the nanostructure. A highly bionic tissue-organ model requires the use of multiple printing processes. Some printers with multiple nozzles and multiple processes are currently reported. However, the bulk volume, which is inconvenient to move, and the high cost of these printing systems limits the expansion of their applications. Scientists urgently need a multifunctional miniaturized 3D bioprinter. In this study, a portable multifunctional 3D bioprinting system was built based on a modular design and a custom written operating application. Using this platform, constructs with detailed surface structures, hollow structures, and multiscale complex tissue analogs were successfully printed using commercial polymers and a series of hydrogel-based inks. With further development, this portable, modular, low-cost, and easy-to-use Bluetooth-enabled 3D printer promises exciting opportunities for resource-constrained application scenarios, not only in biomedical engineering but also in the education field, and may be used in space experiments.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1037346, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406406

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious and lethal hemorrhagic disease in pigs; its spread results in huge economic losses to the global pig industry. ASF virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus encoding >150 open reading frames. Among them, ASFV-encoded D1133L was predicted to be a helicase but its specific function remains unknown. Since virus-host protein interactions are key to understanding viral protein function, we used co-immunoprecipitation combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to investigate D1133L. This study describes the interaction network of ASFV D1133L protein in porcine kidney PK-15 cells. Overall, 1,471 host proteins that potentially interact with D1133L are identified. Based on these host proteins, a protein-protein network was constructed. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses showed that cellular D1133L-interacted proteins are involved in the ribosome, spliceosome, RNA transport, oxidative phosphorylation, proteasome, and DNA replication. Vimentin (VIM), tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21), and Tu translation elongation factor (TUFM) were confirmed to interact with D1133L in vitro. VIM or TRIM21 overexpression significantly promoted ASFV replication, but TUFM overexpression significantly inhibited ASFV replication. These results help elucidate the specific functions of D1133L and the potential mechanisms underlying ASFV replication.

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