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1.
Food Chem ; 336: 127686, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763735

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the interfacial layer number on the storage stability and in vitro digestion of fish oil-loaded primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary multilayer emulsions stabilized by gelatin particle and polysaccharides (anionic alginate and cationic chitosan), prepared using a layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition technique. The results demonstrate that the emulsion creaming stability during the storage process and the emulsion droplet stability against the gastric phase are dependent on the interfacial layer number. But, the interfacial layer number in the multilayer emulsions has no obvious effects on the droplet stability against droplet coalescence during the storage process and against the small intestinal phases of gastrointestinal tract models. Moreover, it also has no obvious effect on the sustained free fatty acid release of multilayer emulsions. This study can advance the fundamental understanding of multilayer emulsions and promote their potential applications.

2.
Protein Expr Purif ; 177: 105762, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971297

RESUMO

For recombinant antibody purification, removal of product-related impurities usually relies on the two polishing steps post Protein A chromatography. A certain impurity may bind weaker or tighter to a particular type of column than the target antibody, and this forms the basis for separation. For impurities that bind weaker, they can be removed by pre-elution wash under appropriate conditions. For impurities that bind stronger, they can be separated by using a suitable condition that selectively elutes the product. In this study, with a bispecific antibody case, we compared the relative robustness of byproduct removal by wash and by elution using two different types of chromatography. The data suggest that elution-enabled byproduct clearance is more robust than wash-enabled clearance, and the former approach provides consistent impurity clearance over a relatively wide range of loading density.

3.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 4432-4441, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000181

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the most common type of malignant tumor of the bile duct and is characterized by high morbidity and mortality; it is difficult to diagnose in the early stages and responds poorly to current conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The present study investigated the role of GSK­3ß signaling on the anticancer effects of doxorubicin in human CCA cells. Blocking GSK­3ß enhanced the sensitivity of human CCA cells to doxorubicin (Dox)­induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by decreased AKT and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activity. Moreover, inhibiting GSK­3ß using 6­bromoindirubin­3'­oxime, CHIR99021 or small interfering RNA decreased phosphorylation of FAK and AKT, and promoted apoptosis of Dox­induced human CCA cells. Moreover, FAK inhibition suppressed AKT activity independently of phosphoinositide 3­kinase activity. These results indicated that GSK­3ß protects human CCA cells against Dox­induced apoptosis via sustaining FAK/AKT activity.

4.
Med Oncol ; 37(11): 97, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001278

RESUMO

Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors are used to control blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the influence of DPP-IV inhibitors on malignant tumors remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the DPP-IV inhibitor saxagliptin on thyroid carcinoma cells. Transwell assays and a nude mouse lung metastasis model were used to evaluate the invasion and metastasis of thyroid carcinoma cells. Western blotting was used to determine the protein levels of migration and invasion-related molecules. We tested the expression and distribution of nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 (NRF2) in thyroid carcinoma cells with and without saxagliptin. Furthermore, we silenced NRF2 and observed saxagliptin's effect on migration and invasion. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were then used to measure the expression of NFR2's downstream molecules (heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)). A luciferase reporter assay was used to validate whether NRF2 could regulate the transcriptional activity of the HO1 promoter. Saxagliptin enhanced the migratory and invasive ability of thyroid carcinoma cells. MMP2 and VEGF levels were also elevated by saxagliptin treatment. We found that saxagliptin treatment increases the nuclear and cytoplasmic accumulation NRF2. Silencing NRF2 abolished the effect of saxagliptin on migration and invasion. Accordingly, NRF2 silencing downregulated HO1, MMP2, and VEGF levels. The luciferase assay showed that NRF2 activated transcription from the HO1 promoter. Saxagliptin could promote this transcriptional activity by upregulating NRF2. Saxagliptin enhanced the migratory and invasive ability of human thyroid carcinoma cells, as well as the expression of MMP2 and VEGF, by activating the NRF2/HO1 pathway.

5.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037856

RESUMO

Chitin deacetylases (CDAs, including CDA1 and CDA2) are considered key enzymes for body cuticle formation and tracheal morphogenesis in various insect species. However, their functions in the formation of the cuticular intima of the foregut and hindgut are unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of their respective genes LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 in this process, in the hemimetabolous insect Locusta migratoria. Transcripts of LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 were highly expressed both before and after molting in the foregut. In the hindgut, their expression was high only before molting. In both the foregut and hindgut, LmCDA1 protein was localized in the basal half of the chitin matrix (procuticle), whereas LmCDA2 was detected in the upper half of the procuticle. Knockdown of LmCDA1 by RNA interference (RNAi) in fifth-instar nymphs caused no visible defects of the hindgut cuticle. By contrast, the chitinous lamellae of the cuticular intima in the foregut of knockdown animals were less compact than in control animals. RNAi against LmCDA2 led to thickening of both the foregut and hindgut cuticles, with a greater number of thinner laminae than in the respective control cuticles. Taken together, our results show that LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 have distinct, but overlapping, functions in chitin organization in the foregut cuticle. However, in the hindgut, this process seems independent of LmCDA1 activity but requires LmCDA2 function. Thus, the CDAs reflect tissue-specific differences in cuticular organization and function, which need further detailed molecular and histological analyses for full comprehension. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22353, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019412

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Increasing evidences showed differential expression of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), indicating that miRNAs might serve as promising biomakers in the diagnosis of AIS. However, their accuracy has not been systematically evaluated, so it is necessary to conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic value of miRNAs in AIS patients. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) will be searched for the relevant studies that explored the potential diagnostic values of miRNAs in AIS patients from inception to August 2020. Data will be extracted by two researchers independently; risk of bias of the meta-analysis will be evaluated by the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2). Data will be synthesised and heterogeneity will be evaluated. All of the above statistical analysis will be performed using Stata V.15.0 and Meta-disc V.1.4. RESULTS: This study will assess the pooled diagnostic performance of circulating miRNAs in AIS. CONCLUSION: This study will clarify confusions about the specificity and sensitivity of circulating miRNAs in diagnosing AIS, which could further guide the promotion and application of them.Open Science Framework (OSF) registration number: 2020, August 19. https://osf.io/6tjf3.

7.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 224, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital hyper-homocysteinemia (HHcy) is caused by a defective cystathionine ß-synthase (CBS) gene, and is frequently associated with dyslipdemia. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the effect of mutated CBS gene on circulating lipids using a rabbit model harboring a homozygous G307S point mutation in CBS. METHODS: CRISPR/Cas9 system was used to edit the CBS gene in rabbit embryos. The founder rabbits were sequenced, and their plasma homocysteine (Hcy) and lipid profile were analyzed. RESULTS: Six CBS-knockout (CBS-KO) founder lines with biallelic modifications were obtained. Mutation in CBS caused significant growth retardation and high mortality rates within 6 weeks after birth. In addition, the 6-week old CBS-KO rabbits showed higher plasma levels of Hcy, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) compared to the age-matched wild-type (WT) controls. Histological analysis of the mutants showed accumulation of micro-vesicular cytoplasmic lipid droplets in the hepatocytes. However, gastric infusion of vitamin B and betaine complex significantly decreased the plasma levels of TG, TC and LDL-C in the CBS-KO rabbits, and alleviated hepatic steatosis compared to the untreated animals. CONCLUSION: A CBSG307S rabbit model was generated that exhibited severe dyslipidemia when fed on a normal diet, indicating that G307S mutation in the CBS gene is a causative factor for dyslipidemia.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064186

RESUMO

Akkermansia muciniphila is a promising probiotic in the gut. This study aimed to determine the presence and abundance of Akkermansia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who underwent washed microbiota transplantation (WMT) in order to elucidate the relationship between its level and patients' clinical data and outcomes. A cohort of Chinese volunteers including 80 healthy controls (HC), 43 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 57 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) were recruited. Akkermansia presented a low colonization rate of 48.8% and a relative abundance of 0.07% in a healthy Chinese population. Compared with HC, significantly lower colonization and abundance of Akkermansia were found in UC and CD (p < 0.01, p < 0.001, respectively). The combination of Akkermansia and twelve other gut commensal bacteria significantly enriched in healthy individuals could be conductive to discriminate IBD from HC. Co-occurrence of Akkermansia-Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was at a lower level in IBD. Patients' age could affect the abundance of Akkermansia in CD. After WMT, 53.7% of patients achieved clinical response, and the colonization rate of Akkermansia increased significantly than that pre-WMT (p < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between patients and donors in the abundance of Akkermansia after WMT. Different from Europeans, the healthy Chinese population is characterized by a low presence of intestinal Akkermansia. Compared with healthy people, its colonization and abundance in IBD decreased more significantly. The efficacy of WMT for IBD was closely correlated with Akkermansia. ClinicalTrials.gov , pooled registered trials, NCT01790061, NCT01793831. Registered February 13, 2013, 18 February 2013. KEY POINTS: • Akkermansia showed a lower colonization and abundance in Chinese than Europeans. • Akkermansia could distinguish IBD from healthy people with a reduced abundance. • IBD patients achieved response from WMT through an increased Akkermansia level. Graphical abstract.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 3922-3934, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000180

RESUMO

Centromere protein M (CENPM), a protein required for chromosome separation, is involved in in mitosis. However, little has been reported about the roles of CENPM in various types of cancer. The present study identified that the mRNA expression levels of CENPM were significantly upregulated in 14 types of human cancer and identified a positive association between CENPM mRNA expression and patient mortality using the Oncomine, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis, Human Protein Atlas and Kaplan­Meier Plotter databases. A protein interaction network constructed with CENPM­interacting genes obtained from the cBioPortal demonstrated that nine genes participating in the cell cycle served key roles in the function of CENPM. Cell cycle analysis, reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction, a Cell Counting Kit­8­based proliferation assay and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling assay further revealed the tumorigenic and carcinogenic roles of CENPM in vitro. In addition, it was identified that the mRNA expression levels of five of the nine identified genes were significantly associated with CENPM in MCF7 cells and that CENPM was rarely mutated among various types of human cancer. In conclusion, the data from the present study revealed that CENPM exerted its pro­tumorigenic function by regulating cell cycle­associated protein expression and suggested that CENPM could be used as a prognostic marker for breast cancer.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031042

RESUMO

Visual tracking is one of the fundamental tasks in computer vision with many challenges, and it is mainly due to the changes in the target's appearance in temporal and spatial domains. Recently, numerous trackers model the appearance of the targets in the spatial domain well by utilizing deep convolutional features. However, most of these CNN-based trackers only take the appearance variations between two consecutive frames in a video sequence into consideration. Besides, some trackers model the appearance of the targets in the long term by applying RNN, but the decay of the target's features degrades the tracking performance. In this article, we propose the antidecay long short-term memory (AD-LSTM) for the Siamese tracking. Especially, we extend the architecture of the standard LSTM in two aspects for the visual tracking task. First, we replace all of the fully connected layers with convolutional layers to extract the features with spatial structure. Second, we improve the architecture of the cell unit. In this way, the information of the target appearance can flow through the AD-LSTM without decay as long as possible in the temporal domain. Meanwhile, since there is no ground truth for the feature maps generated by the AD-LSTM, we propose an adversarial learning algorithm to optimize the AD-LSTM. With the help of adversarial learning, the Siamese network can generate the response maps more accurately, and the AD-LSTM can generate the feature maps of the target more robustly. The experimental results show that our tracker performs favorably against the state-of-the-art trackers on six challenging benchmarks: OTB-100, TC-128, VOT2016, VOT2017, GOT-10k, and TrackingNet.

11.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 26(4): 705-714, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053941

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), a class of transcribed RNA molecules with the lengths exceeding 200 nucleotides, are not translated into protein. They can modulate protein-coding genes by controlling transcriptional and posttranscriptional processes. The dysregulation of lncRNAs has been related to various pathological disorders. In this review, we summarized the current knowledge of lncRNAs and their implications in the pathogenesis of three common liver diseases: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, and cholestatic liver disease. Future studies to further define the role of lncRNAs and their mechanisms in various types of liver diseases should be explored. An improved understanding from these studies will provide us a useful perspective leading to mechanism-based intervention by targeting specific lncRNAs for the treatment of liver diseases.

12.
Plant Physiol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077613

RESUMO

The meiotic TopoVI B subunit (MTopVIB) plays an essential role in DSB formation in mouse, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa), and recent work reveals rice MTopVIB also plays an unexpected role in meiotic bipolar spindle assembly, highlighting multiple functions of MTopVIB during rice meiosis. In this work, we characterized the meiotic TopVIB in maize (Zea mays; ZmMTOPVIB). The ZmmtopVIB mutant plants exhibited normal vegetative growth but male and female sterility. Meiotic DSB formation was abolished in mutant meiocytes. Despite normal assembly of axial elements, mutants showed severely affected synapsis and disrupted homologous pairing. Importantly, we showed that bipolar spindle assembly was also affected in ZmmtopVIB, resulting in triad and polyad formation. Overall, our results demonstrate that ZmMTOPVIB plays critical roles in DSB formation and homologous recombination. In addition, our results suggest the function of MTOPVIB in bipolar spindle assembly is likely conserved across different monocots.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078289

RESUMO

With the rapid development and democratization of the internet and smart phone industry, online food delivery services have become increasingly popular all over the globe, namely in China. One of the unfortunate drawbacks of these delivery services is that they mainly use single-use plastics as food packaging, therefore generating large amounts of disposable food containers to meet demand. Such plastic containers reach the end of their service life after a single meal, and are then discarded as plastic waste. The sheer amount of plastic food containers discarded in this manner exacerbates various environmental issues, including one that is invisible to the naked eye: microplastic pollution. This minireview summarizes the history of food delivery services in China, from orders made face-to-face to digital orders, as well as the consequences introduced by the tremendous amounts of plastic waste generated by the food delivery services. Microplastic pollution could be mitigated to a certain extent by improving the classification, handling and management of single-use plastic containers in China. Furthermore, additional studies focusing on microplastic pollution caused by food delivery services are needed, especially as the use of these services is on the rise worldwide.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e21562, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031255

RESUMO

The importance of monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) has been indicated in the initiation and progression of coronary artery disease. However, few previous researches demonstrated the relationship between MLR and plaque vulnerability. We aimed to investigate coronary non-culprit plaque vulnerability in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) by optical coherence tomography (OCT).A total of 72 ACS patients who underwent coronary angiography and OCT test in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were included in this retrospective study. The plaque vulnerability and plaque morphology were assessed by OCT.The non-culprit plaque in high MLR group exhibited more vulnerable features, characterizing as thinner thickness of fibrous cap (P = .013), greater maximum lipid core angle (P = .010) and longer lipid plaque length (P = .041). A prominently negative liner relation was found between MLR and thickness of fibrous cap (R = -0.225, P = .005). Meanwhile, the proportion of OCT-detected thin cap fibro-atheroma (TCFA) (P = .014) and plaque rupture (P = .017) were higher in high MLR group. Most importantly, multivariable logistic regression analysis showed MLR level was identified as an independent contributor to the presence of TCFA (OR:3.316, 95%: 1.448-7.593, P = .005). MLR could differentiate TCFA with a sensitivity of 60.0% and a specificity of 85.1%.Circulating MLR level has potential value in identifying the presence of vulnerable plaque in patients with ACS. MLR, as a non- invasive biomarker of inflammation, may be valuable in revealing plaque vulnerability.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22594, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive cancer associated with poor prognosis. Early diagnosis is crucial to improve its prognosis. Blood-based liquid biopsies are promising methods in detecting HCC. However, their accuracies have not been systematically assessed, so it is essential to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic performance of blood-based liquid biopsies in detecting HCC. METHODS: We will search PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) for the relevant studies that assessed the diagnostic performance of blood-based liquid biopsies including circulating tumor cells(CTCs), circulating tumor DNA(ctDNA), and exosomes(EVs) in HCC patients from inception to September 2020. Two researchers will independently extract the data and use Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) to evaluate the quality of included literature. We will also conduct the pool diagnostic value, heterogeneity across studies and reporting bias. All the statistical analysis will be conducted by Stata V.15.0 and Meta-disc V.1.4. RESULTS: This review will evaluate the pooled diagnostic value of blood-based liquid biopsies in HCC. CONCLUSION: This review will summarize the current published evidence of blood-based liquid biopsies in diagnosing HCC, which may provide a great opportunity for promotion and application of them. OPEN SCIENCE FRAMEWORK(OSF) REGISTRATION NUMBER: September 3, 2020. https://osf.io/9n4yz.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Biópsia Líquida , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
16.
Psychiatry Res ; 294: 113461, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038791

RESUMO

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a rapid and effective treatment for MDD. However, the mechanism of ECT for MDD has not been clarified. In this study, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to explore the mechanism of ECT. Two groups of subjects were recruited: healthy controls (HCs) and MDD patients who received bifrontal ECT. MDD patients and HCs underwent rs-fMRI scans and clinical assessments (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), and the verbal fluency test). Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity were evaluated for the analysis of rs-fMRI data. The results showed that ReHo values in the left angular gyrus (LAG) significantly increased in MDD patients after ECT, and the functional connectivity of the LAG with bilateral inferior temporal gyrus, bilateral middle frontal gyrus, left superior frontal gyrus, left middle temporal gyrus, left precuneus, left posterior cingulate gyrus, and right angular gyrus was found to be strengthened after ECT. The scores of delayed recall trial in the RAVLT of MDD patients were related to the functional connectivity of the LAG with the left inferior temporal gyrus and the left posterior cingulate gyrus. It indicated LAG palyed an important role in the mechanism of ECT in MDD.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040529

RESUMO

In recent years, red beetroot has received a growing interest due to its abundant source of bioactive compounds, particularly betalains. Red beetroot betalains have great potential as a functional food ingredient employed in the food and medical industry due to their diverse health-promoting effects. Betalains from red beetroot are natural pigments, which mainly include either yellow-orange betaxanthins or red-violet betacyanins. However, betalains are quite sensitive toward heat, pH, light, and oxygen, which leads to the poor stability during processing and storage. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the impacts of the processing approaches on betalains. In this review, the effective extraction and processing methods of betalains from red beetroot were emphatically reviewed. Furthermore, a variety of recently reported bioactivities of beetroot betalains were also summarized. The present work can provide a comprehensive review on both conventional and innovative extraction techniques, processing methods, and the stability of betalains.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3672-3680, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893557

RESUMO

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nanopartículas , Disponibilidade Biológica , Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade , Tensoativos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912488

RESUMO

The INDETERMINATE DOMAIN (IDD) transcription factor (TF), as a family of plant-specific zinc-finger proteins, regulates a variety of development processes and abiotic stresses in plants. IDD genes have been identified and characterized in other plants, however, the rice IDD family genes have not been investigated at genome-wide. In this study, 15 OsIDD genes were identified in rice genome and phylogenetically classified into two groups. Conserved motifs and potential interaction protein analysis about OsIDD proteins were carried out. Exon-intron structures, cis-acting elements and expression profiles of OsIDD genes were also examined. Exon-intron structures analysis revealed that overall structures of OsIDD genes were relatively conserved although they contained different numbers of introns. Cis-acting elements analysis suggested that most OsIDD gene transcripts could be induced by various abiotic stresses and phytohormones. The expression patterns of OsIDD genes were detected by qRT-PCR under cold and drought conditions, and by exogenous auxin (2,4-D), gibberellin (GA3), and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments, respectively. The results showed that the OsIDDs might play essential roles under abiotic stresses and hormone responses. Distinct expression profiles in tissues/organs suggested that OsIDDs might be involved in different development processes in rice. More interestingly, the prediction of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) revealed OsIDDs could cooperate with some histone modifiers. Yeast two-hybrid assays were performed and confirmed it. Collectively, these results provide a foundation for further elucidation on the molecular mechanisms of OsIDD genes and advance our understanding of their biological function in rice.

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