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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622021

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, pathological features, and diagnosis and treatment strategies of nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) in infants and young children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on seven cases of NCMH infants and young children admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to January 2022. The cohort included 5 males and 2 females, aged from 6 days to 2 years and 3 months. General information, clinical symptoms, imaging findings, treatment plans, postoperative complications, recurrence and follow-up time were collected, summarized and analyzed. Additionally, immunohistochemical characteristics of the lesion were examined. Results: The clinical symptoms of 7 children included nasal congestion, runny nose, open mouth breathing, snoring during sleep, difficulty feeding, and strabismus. All patients underwent electronic nasopharyngoscopy examination, with 5 cases of tumors located in the right nasal cavity and 2 cases in the left nasal cavity. No case of bilateral nasal cavity disease was found. All 7 patients underwent complete imaging examinations, with 5 patients underwent MRI and CT examinations, 1 patient underwent CT examination only, and 1 patient underwent MRI examination only. The CT results showed that all tumors were broad-based, with uneven density, multiple calcifications and bone remodeling, and some exhibited multiple cystic components. The MRI results showed that the tumor showed low signal on T1 weighted imaging and high or slightly high signal on T2 weighted imaging. All patients were diagnosed through histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry, including 7 cases of Ki-67 and SMA (+), 5 cases of S-100 and Vimentin (+), and all EMA and GFAP were negative. All patients underwent endoscopic resection surgery through the nasal approach, with 3 cases using navigation technology. Five cases of tumors were completely removed, and two cases of tumors were mostly removed. No nasal packing was performed after surgery, and no postoperative nasal, ocular, or intracranial complication occurred in all patients. Follow up assessments conducted 6 to 84 months post-surgery revealed no instances of tumor recurrence in any of the patients. Conclusions: The clinical symptoms of children with NCHM mainly depend on the size and location of the tumor. Nasal endoscopic surgery is the main treatment method. In cases where critical structures like the skull base or orbit are implicated, staged surgical interventions may be warranted. Long-term follow-up is strongly advised to monitor for any potential recurrence or complications.


Assuntos
Hamartoma , Doenças Nasais , Masculino , Lactente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Cartilagens Nasais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Hamartoma/patologia
2.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634818

RESUMO

Seed coat mucilage plays an important role in promoting seed germination under adversity. Previous studies have shown that Arabidopsis thaliana MYB52 (AtMYB52) can positively regulate seed coat mucilage accumulation. However, the role of Brassica napus MYB52 (BnaMYB52) in accumulation of seed coat mucilage and tolerance to osmotic stress during seed germination remains largely unknown. We cloned the BnaA09.MYB52 coding domain sequence from B. napus cv ZS11, identified its conserved protein domains and elucidated its relationship with homologues from a range of plant species. Transgenic plants overexpressing BnaA09.MYB52 in the A. thaliana myb52-1 mutant were generated through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and used to assess the possible roles of BnaA09.MYB52 in accumulation of seed coat mucilage and tolerance to osmotic stress during seed germination. Subcellular localization and transcriptional activity assays demonstrated that BnaA09.MYB52 functions as a transcription factor. RT-qPCR results indicate that BnaA09.MYB52 is predominantly expressed in roots and developing seeds of B. napus cv ZS11. Introduction of BnaA09.MYB52 into myb52-1 restored thinner seed coat mucilage in this mutant to levels in the wild type. Consistently, expression levels of three key genes participating in mucilage formation in developing seeds of myb52-1 were also restored to wild type levels by overexpressing BnaA09.MYB52. Furthermore, BnaA09.MYB52 was induced by osmotic stress during seed germination in B. napus, and ectopic expression of BnaA09.MYB52 successfully corrected sensitivity of the myb52-1 mutant to osmotic stress during seed germination. These findings enhance our understanding of the functions of BnaA09.MYB52 and provide a novel strategy for future B. napus breeding.

5.
Clin Radiol ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582632

RESUMO

AIM: We design a feasibility study to obtain a set of metabolic-hemodynamic habitats for tackling tumor spatial metabolic patterns with hemodynamic information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative data from 69 high-grade gliomas (HGG) patients with subsequent histologic confirmation of HGG were prospectively collected (January 2016 to March 2020) after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Four vascular habitats were automatically segmented by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The metabolic information, either at enhancing or edema tumor regions, was obtained by two neuroradiologists. The relative habitat volumes were used for weight estimation procedures for computing the coefficients of a linear regression model using weighted least squares (WLS) for metabolite semiquantifications (i.e. the Cho/NAA ratio and the Cho/Cr ratio) at vascular habitats. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses are used to obtain the odds ratio (OR) and develop a nomogram using weighted estimators corresponding to each covariate derived from Cox regression coefficients. RESULTS: There was a strongly correlation between perfusion indexes and the Cho/Cr ratio (rCBV, r=0.71) or Cho/NAA ratio (rCBV, r=0.66) at high-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitats (HAT) habitat. Compared isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation to their wild type, the IDH wild type had significantly decreased Cho/Cr ratio (IDH mutation: Cho/Cr ratio = 2.44 ± 0.33, IDH wildtype: Cho/Cr ratio = 2.66 ± 0.36, p=0.02) and Cho/NAA ratio (IDH mutation: Cho/Cr ratio = 4.59 ± 0.61, IDH wildtype: Cho/Cr ratio = 4.99 ± 0.66, p=0.022) at the HAT. The C-index for the median progression-free survival (PFS) prediction was 0.769 for the Cho/NAA nomogram and 0.747 for the Cho/Cr nomogram through 1000 bootstrapping validation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that spatial metabolism combined with hemodynamic heterogeneity is associated with individual PFS to HGG patients post-CCRT.

6.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 53(4): 337-343, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556816

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of breast squamous cell carcinoma and to analyze the relationship between its immune microenvironment tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and prognosis. Methods: Forty-four cases of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China from January 2006 to July 2022 were selected. Their clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. The cell composition of TILs was evaluated using immunohistochemistry (Mainly markers of B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes and plasma cells). The relationship between TILs and prognosis was also analyzed. Results: The 44 patients of breast squamous cell carcinoma were all female and all were invasive carcinoma. Eight cases (8/44, 18.2%) were squamous cell carcinoma, while 36 cases (36/44, 81.8%) were mixed squamous cell carcinoma. The mixed components included non-specific carcinoma and spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma (17 cases each). One case contained ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast and 1 case contained tubular carcinoma. The proportion of squamous cell carcinoma was 10% to 90%. The cases with pure squamous cell carcinoma often had a large cystic cavity, which was lined by atypical squamous epithelium, while infiltrating squamous cell carcinoma nests were seen in the breast tissue around the cystic cavity. Immunohistochemical staining showed that p63 and CK5/6 were expressed in the squamous cell carcinoma component, but ER, PR and HER2 were not, except for one case of HER2 1+. The positive rates of TRPS1 and PDL-1 were 76% and less than 1%, respectively. Fifteen cases were in the high TILs group (TILs≥30%) and 29 cases were in the low TILs group (TILs<30%). Twenty-three patients were followed up for 5 to 118 months. Among them, 12 died within 3 years and 9 were alive at the end of the follow up. There was no significant difference in TNM stage, TILs and prognosis between simple squamous cell carcinoma and mixed squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusions: Breast squamous cell carcinoma can be divided into simple squamous cell carcinoma and mixed squamous cell carcinoma. There are differences in gross findings and histology between the simple and mixed squamous cell carcinoma of the breast. Sufficient samples should be taken to avoid missing the diagnosis of a minor squamous component. The prognosis of patients with high TILs is significantly better than that of patients with low TILs. The expression rate of TRPS1 in primary squamous cell carcinoma of breast is high and helpful to the differential diagnosis from metastatic squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Prognóstico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(14): 1174-1179, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583049

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of patients with metastatic pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL). Methods: A follow-up study. The clinical data of 250 patients with metastatic PPGL treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2018 to August 2023 were retrospectively analyzed, including 124 males and 126 females. The clinical features and treatment status of patients with metastatic PPGL were summarized and analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to evaluate patients' prognosis. Results: The age of onset, age of diagnosis, and age of tumor metastasis in patients with metastatic PPGL were (33.1±14.2) years, (35.4±15.2) years, and (40.7±15.3) years, respectively. Metastasis occurred in 26.4%(66/250) of patients at the time of initial diagnosis. Among patients without metastases at the time of initial diagnosis, the time from primary tumor resection to metastasis[M(Q1, Q3)] was 5.0 (3.0, 9.0) years, among which 20.1%(37/184) of patients had metastases more than 10 years after surgery. Most patients showed increased 24-hour urinary norepinephrine and plasma normetanephrine, accounting for 78.2%(176/225) and 78.7%(85/108), respectively. 42.3%(69/163) of patients had increased neuron specific enolase (NSE)levels. Germline mutations were screened in 201 patients, of which 55.2%(111/201) had germline pathogenic mutations. In patients with gene mutations, 76.5%(85/111) had SDHB mutations. 52.0%(130/250) of metastatic PPGL patients had primary sites outside the adrenal gland, with the Ki-67 index of 5% (3%, 8%). There were 85.6%(214/250) patients had multisystem metastasis, with bone metastasis being the most common site of metastasis, accounting for 60.8%(152/250). In terms of treatment, 32.8%(75/229) of patients underwent two treatment regimens and 8.7%(20/229) of patients underwent three treatment regimens. Most patients had a good prognosis, with a 5-year and 10-year survival rate of 88.0% and 84.0%, respectively. However, some patients had rapid disease progression, and as of August 2023, 30 patients died, and the time from diagnosis to death in deceased patients was 2.0 (1.0, 4.0) years. Conclusions: Patients with metastatic PPGL have a high rate of germline mutations, especially those with SDHB mutations. The metastatic PPGL is usually multisystem metastasis with the characteristics of mostly paraganglioma, large lesion diameter and high Ki-67 index.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Paraganglioma , Feocromocitoma , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feocromocitoma/diagnóstico , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/genética , Paraganglioma/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Succinato Desidrogenase/genética
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599640

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of immunoneoadjuvant therapy with pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy in locally advanced resectable hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients. Methods: This study was a prospective, single arm, single center clinical study that was opened for enrollment in April 2021. Patients who met the inclusion criteria at the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were treated with neoadjuvant therapy of pembrolizumab combined with cisplatin and paclitaxel, and after treatments, received surgery and postoperative adjuvant therapy. The main endpoint of this study was postoperative pathological complete response (pCR), and other observations included adverse reactions and long-term prognoses of patients after neoadjuvant therapy. Results: By September 2023, a total of 23 patients who underwent neoadjuvant therapy and surgery were enrolled in the study and all patients were males aged 49-74 years. All patients were locally advanced stage, including 3 patients in stage Ⅲ and 20 patients in stage Ⅳ. There were 12 cases of primary lesions with posterior ring involvement accompanied by fixation of one vocal cord and 20 cases of regional lymph node metastases classified as N2. Eighteen cases received a two cycle regimen and 5 cases received a three cycle regimen for neoadjuvant therapy. The postoperative pCR rate was 26.1% (6/23), with no surgical delay caused by adverse drug reactions. The laryngeal preservation rate was 87.0% (20/23). Pharyngeal fistula was the main surgical complication, with an incidence of 21.7% (5/23). The median follow-up time was 15 months, and 3 patients experienced local recurrence. Conclusions: The immunoneoadjuvant therapy of pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy has a high pCR rate in locally advanced resectable hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, with increased laryngeal preservation rate and no significant impact on surgical safety.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Estudos Prospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(6): 2217-2223, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and identify risk factors for severe hypocalcemia following total parathyroidectomy (TPTX) in patients with renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis who underwent TPTX from January 1, 2018, to April 30, 2023. Participants were categorized into groups based on postoperative corrected serum calcium levels: severe hypocalcemia (<1.8 mmol/L) and non-severe hypocalcemia (≥1.8 mmol/L). We conducted univariate analyses of demographic and laboratory data to identify potential risk factors, which were further analyzed using a binary logistic regression model. RESULTS: Significant associations were observed with age, dialysis duration exceeding five years, type of dialysis (peritoneal dialysis), lower preoperative corrected serum calcium, elevated preoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and increased preoperative alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels (all p<0.05). Age, preoperative iPTH, and ALP levels were identified as independent risk factors for severe hypocalcemia post-TPTX. CONCLUSIONS: Younger patients with renal SHPT who have elevated preoperative iPTH and ALP levels are at an increased risk of experiencing severe hypocalcemia following TPTX. These findings underscore the importance of careful preoperative assessment and monitoring to mitigate the risk of this complication.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário , Hipocalcemia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Cálcio , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/etiologia , Diálise Renal
10.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(3): 1878-1891, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495706

RESUMO

Timely and accurate identification of harmful bacterial species in the environment is paramount for preventing the spread of diseases and ensuring food safety. In this study, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technology was utilized, combined with four machine learning methods - KNN, PCA-KNN, RF, and SVM, to conduct classification and identification research on 7 different types of bacteria, adhering to various substrate materials. The experimental results showed that despite the nearly identical elemental composition of these bacteria, differences in the intensity of elemental spectral lines provide crucial information for identification of bacteria. Under conditions of high-purity aluminum substrate, the identification rates of the four modeling methods reached 74.91%, 84.05%, 85.36%, and 96.07%, respectively. In contrast, under graphite substrate conditions, the corresponding identification rates reached 96.87%, 98.11%, 98.93%, and 100%. Graphite is found to be more suitable as a substrate material for bacterial classification, attributed to the fact that more characteristic spectral lines are excited in bacteria under graphite substrate conditions. Additionally, the emission spectral lines of graphite itself are relatively scarce, resulting in less interference with other elemental spectral lines of bacteria. Meanwhile, SVM exhibited the highest precision rate and recall rate, reaching up to 1, making it the most effective classification method in this experiment. This study provides a valuable approach for the rapid and accurate identification of bacterial species based on LIBS, as well as substrate selection, enhancing efficient microbial identification capabilities in fields related to social security and military applications.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(5): 1797-1811, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Perioperative anxiety and depression syndrome (PADS) is a common clinical concern among women with systemic tumors. Esketamine has been considered for its potential to alleviate anxiety and depressive symptoms. However, its specific application and effectiveness in PADS among women with systemic tumors remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze the utility of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms based on electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in evaluating perioperative anxiety and depression in women with systemic tumors treated with Esketamine, utilizing a large-scale medical data background. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled (SC-RPC) trial design was adopted. A total of 112 female patients with systemic tumors and PADS who received Esketamine treatment were included as study participants. A moderate dose (0.7 mg/kg) of Esketamine was administered through intravenous infusion over a duration of 60 minutes. EEG signals were collected from all patients, and the EEG signal features of individuals with depression were compared to those without depression. In this study, a Support Vector Machine (SVM)-K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN) hybrid classifier was constructed based on SVM and KNN algorithms. Using the EEG signals, the classifier was utilized to assess the anxiety and depression status of the patients. The predictive performance of the classifier was evaluated using accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity measures. RESULTS: The C2 correntropy feature of the delta rhythm in the left-brain EEG signal was significantly higher in individuals with depression compared to those without depression (p<0.05). Moreover, the C2 correntropy feature of the Alpha, Beta, and Gamma rhythms in the left-brain EEG signal was significantly lower in individuals with depression compared to those without depression (p<0.05). In the right brain EEG signal, the C2 correntropy feature of the delta rhythm was significantly higher in individuals with depression (p<0.05), while the C2 correntropy feature of the alpha and gamma rhythms was significantly lower in individuals with depression compared to those without depression (p<0.05). Additionally, the C1 correntropy feature of the Gamma rhythm in the right brain EEG signal was significantly higher in individuals with depression compared to those without depression (p<0.05). The SVM classifier achieved accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 98.23%, 98.10%, and 98.56%, respectively, in recognizing the left-brain EEG signals, with a correlation coefficient of 0.95. In recognizing the right brain EEG signals, the SVM classifier achieved accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 98.74%, 98.43%, and 99.03%, respectively, with a correlation coefficient of 0.96. The improved SVM-KNN approach yielded an accuracy, recall, precision, F-score, area over the curve (AOC), and Receiver Operation Characteristics (ROC) of 0.829, 0.811, 0.791, 0.853, 0.787, and 0.877, respectively, in predicting anxiety. For predicting depression, the accuracy, recall, precision, F-score, AOC, and ROC were 0.869, 0.842, 0.831, 0.893, 0.827, and 0.917, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences were observed in the brain EEG signals between individuals with depression and those without depression. The improved SVM-KNN algorithm developed in this study demonstrates good predictive capability for anxiety and depression.


Assuntos
Big Data , Ketamina , Neoplasias , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Ritmo Gama , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(2): 354-362, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of basic leucine zipper and W2 domain-containing protein 1 (BZW1) in gastric cancer, its impact on patient prognosis and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: TIMER, UALCAN and Kaplan-Meier Plotter databases were used for analyzing BZW1 expression level gastric cancer tissues and its correlation with tumor grade and stage and the patients' prognosis. We further analyzed BZW1 expressions, disease progression, and postoperative 5-year survival in 102 patients undergoing radical surgery for gastric cancer at our hospital between January, 2014 and December, 2016. Gastric cancer MGC803 cells were examined for changes in migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) following lentivirus-mediated BZW1 overexpression or knockdown. RESULTS: The protein and mRNA expressions of BZW1 in gastric cancer tissues were 3.30 and 6.54 times of those in adjacent tissues, respectively (P < 0.01). BZW1 expression in gastric cancer tissues were positively correlated with peripheral blood CEA and CA199 levels (P < 0.01). A high BZW1 expression was an independent risk factor for 5-year survival of gastric cancer patients after radical surgery (P < 0.05, HR=2.070, 95%CI: 1.021-4.196). At the cut-off value of 3.61, BZW1 expression had a sensitivity of 75.56% and a specificity of 71.93% for predicting postoperative 5-year mortality (P < 0.01). In MGC803 cells, BZW1 overexpression obviously promoted cell migration and invasion (P < 0.05), enhanced cellular expressions of N-cadherin and vimentin (P < 0.05) and inhibited the expression of E-cadherin (P < 0.05). Enrichment analysis suggested the involvement of BZW1 in the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Western blotting confirmed that BZW1 overexpression promoted while BZW1 knockdown inhibited the expressions of Wnt3a, ß-catenin and C-myc in MGC803 cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: BZW1 is highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues to affect the patient prognosis possibly by activation the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway to promote EMT of gastric cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(4): 301-311, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548586

RESUMO

This article summarizes and organizes relevant publications in journals, along with a review of medical history, systematically summarizing the development process of dental alveolar surgery in China. The initial establishment phase (1935-1952) marked the starting point of Chinese Alveolar Surgery. Despite the impact of wars, it laid the foundation for subsequent research and practice. During the early development phase (1953-1966), the "Chinese Journal of Stomatology" was founded, which promoted the development of Alveolar Surgery. Research focused on tooth extraction methods and complications. Tooth Transplantation and Preprosthetic Surgery gradually began to take off. The stagnant phase (1967-1977) occurred due to the interruption of international exchanges, leading to an almost complete halt in the development of Alveolar Surgery. Entering the rapid catch-up phase (1978-1985), Alveolar Surgery scholars in China began striving to overcome the stagnation of the previous decade. While some progress was made, no significant innovative achievements emerged. In the scientific development phase (1986-2010), clinical research, basic experiments, and paper writing in modern Chinese Alveolar Surgery began to adhere to scientific standards with the rise of experimental medicine. The exploration and innovation stage (2011-2023) is the current development phase, during which Chinese Aveolar Surgery has reached its peak, making substantial progress in technology, clinical practices, and basic research, gradually reaching or even surpassing international advanced levels. Looking back at the development history in China, we can find the wisdom and hard work of the older generation of Alveolar Surgery scholars. However, contemporary challenges and issues, such as standardizing technology, promoting clinical practices, and talent cultivation, need to be addressed by present-day Alveolar Surgery professionals as they forge ahead.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Tecnologia , China , Assistência Odontológica
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548394

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes of artemin protein expression in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and to explore the regulatory effect of human adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) exosomes on the change of artemin protein expression. Methods: This research was a prospective observational clinical research combined with experimental research. Thirteen DPN patients (9 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 68 years) who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University (hereinafter referred to as our hospital) from May 2022 to October 2023 and met the inclusion criteria were selected as DPN group, and 5 non-diabetes patients (4 males and 1 female, aged 29 to 61 years) who were admitted to our hospital in the same period of time and met the inclusion criteria were selected as control group. The toe nerve or sural nerve tissue in the abandoned tissue after debridement or amputation of patients in the two groups was collected. The pathological changes of nerve tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining; the protein expressions of S100ß and artemin in nerve tissue were observed after immunofluorescence staining, and the artemin protein expression was quantified; the protein and mRNA expressions of artemin were detected by Western blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, respectively (the sample number in DPN group and control group was 13 and 5, respectively). Twelve male C57BL/6 mice aged 3 to 5 days were collected to isolate Schwann cells, and the cells were divided into conventional culture group cultured routinely, high glucose alone group (cultured with high concentration of glucose solution only), and high glucose+exosome group (cultured with high concentration of glucose solution and extracted human ADSC exosomes). After 24 hours of culture, the cell proliferation activity was detected by cell counting kit 8 (n=6). After 48 hours of culture, the protein expression of artemin was detected by Western blotting (n=3). Results: Compared with those in control group, the neural supporting cells decreased and the inflammatory cells increased in the nerve tissue of patients in DPN group, showing typical manifestations of nerve injury. Immunofluorescence staining showed that compared with those in control group, the nuclei was more, and the protein expression of S100ß was lower in nerve tissue of patients in DPN group. The protein expression of artemin in nerve tissue of patients in DPN group was 71±31, which was significantly lower than 1 729±62 in control group (t=76.92, P<0.05). Western blotting detection showed that the protein expression of artemin in nerve tissue of patients in DPN group was 0.74±0.08, which was significantly lower than 0.97±0.06 in control group (t=5.49, P<0.05). The artemin mRNA expression in nerve tissue of patients in DPN group was significantly lower than that in control group (t=7.65, P<0.05). After 24 hours of culture, compared with that in conventional culture group, the proliferation activities of Schwann cells in high glucose alone group and high glucose+exosome group were significantly decreased (P<0.05); compared with that in high glucose alone group, the proliferation activity of Schwann cells in high glucose+exosome group was significantly increased (P<0.05). After 48 hours of culture, compared with those in conventional culture group, the protein expressions of artemin of Schwann cells in high glucose alone group and high glucose+exosome group were significantly decreased (P<0.05); compared with that in high glucose alone group, the protein expression of artemin of Schwann cells in high glucose+exosome group was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: The protein expression of artemin in nerve tissue of DPN patients is lower than that in normal nerve tissue, which may be related to the reduction of proliferation activity of Schwann cells by high glucose. Human ADSC exosomes may improve the proliferation activity of Schwann cells by increasing artemin protein expression, thereby delaying the progression of DPN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Exossomos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Glucose , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Mensageiro , Células-Tronco , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548396

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influences and mechanism of extracellular vesicles from dermal papilla cells (DPC-EVs) of mice on human hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (HSFs). Methods: The study was an experimental research. The primary dermal papilla cells (DPCs) of whiskers were extracted from 10 6-week-old male C57BL/6J mice and identified successfully. The DPC-EVs were extracted from the 3rd to 5th passage DPCs by ultracentrifugation, and the morphology was observed through transmission electron microscope and the particle diameter was detected by nanoparticle tracking analyzer (n=3) at 24 h after culture. The 3rd passage of HSFs were divided into DPC-EV group and phosphate buffer solution (PBS) group, which were cultured with DPC-EVs and PBS, respectively. The cell scratch test was performed and cell migration rate at 24 h after scratching was calculated (n=5). The cell proliferation levels at 0 (after 12 h of starvation treatment and before adding DPC-EVs or PBS), 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after culture were detected by using cell counting kit 8 (n=4). The protein expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen typeⅠ (ColⅠ) in cells at 24 h after culture were detected by immunofluorescence method and Western blotting, and the protein expression of Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) in cells at 24 h after culture was detected by Western blotting. After the 3rd passage of HSFs were cultured with DPC-EVs for 24 h, the cells were divided into blank control group, KLF4 knockdown group, and KLF4 overexpression group according to the random number table. The cells in blank control group were only routinely cultured for 48 h. The cells in KLF4 knockdown group and KLF4 overexpression group were incubated with KLF4 knockdown virus for 24 h, then the cells in KLF4 knockdown group were routinely cultured for 24 h while the cells in KLF4 overexpression group were incubated with KLF4 overexpression virus for 24 h. The protein expressions of KLF4, α-SMA, and ColⅠ in cells were detected by Western blotting at 48 h after culture. Results: At 24 h after culture, the extracted DPC-EVs showed vesicular structure with an average particle diameter of 108.8 nm. At 24 h after scratching, the migration rate of HSFs in PBS group was (54±10)%, which was significantly higher than (29±8)% in DPC-EV group (t=4.37, P<0.05). At 48, 72, and 96 h after culture, the proliferation levels of HSFs in DPC-EV group were significantly lower than those in PBS group (with t values of 4.06, 5.76, and 6.41, respectively, P<0.05). At 24 h after culture, the protein expressions of α-SMA and ColⅠ of HSFs in DPC-EV group were significantly lower than those in PBS group, while the protein expression of KLF4 was significantly higher than that in PBS group. At 48 h after culture, compared with those in blank control group, the protein expression of KLF4 of HSFs in KLF4 knockdown group was down-regulated, while the protein expressions of α-SMA and ColⅠ were both up-regulated; compared with those in KLF4 knockdown group, the protein expression of KLF4 of HSFs in KLF4 overexpression group was up-regulated, while the protein expressions of ColⅠ and α-SMA were down-regulated. Conclusions: The DPC-EVs of mice can inhibit the proliferation and migration of human HSFs and significantly inhibit the expressions of fibrosis markers α-SMA and ColⅠ in human HSFs by activating KLF4.


Assuntos
Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Vesículas Extracelulares , Humanos , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fibroblastos , Movimento Celular , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(3): 230-236, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432654

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact of preemptive analgesia with ibuprofen on postoperative pain following the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars in a Chinese population, aiming to provide a clinical reference for its application. Methods: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group trial was conducted from April 2022 to October 2023 at the Capital Medical University School of Stomatology (40 cases), Beijing TianTan Hospital, Capital Medical University (22 cases), and Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University (20 cases). It included 82 patients with impacted mandibular third molars, with 41 in the ibuprofen group and 41 in the control group. Participants in the ibuprofen group received 300 mg of sustained-release ibuprofen capsules orally 15 min before surgery, while the control group received a placebo. Both groups were instructed to take sustained-release ibuprofen capsules as planned for 3 days post-surgery. Pain intensity was measured using the numerical rating scale at 30 min, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after surgery, and the use of additional analgesic medication was recorded during days 4 to 6 postoperatively. Results: All 82 patients completed the study according to the protocol. No adverse events such as nausea, vomiting, or allergies were reported in either group during the trial. The ibuprofen group exhibited significantly lower pain scores at 4 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 5.0)] (Z=-3.73, P<0.001), 6 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 5.0(2.5, 6.0)] (Z=-3.38, P<0.001), and 8 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 5.0 (2.0, 6.0)] (Z=-2.11, P=0.035) postoperatively compared to the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores between the groups at 30 min, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h postoperatively (P>0.05). Additionally, 11 out of 41 patients (26.8%) in the ibuprofen group and 23 out of 41 patients (56.1%) in the control group required extra analgesic medication between days 4 and 6 post-surgery, with the ibuprofen group taking significantly fewer additional pills [0.0 (0.0, 1.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 3.0)] (Z=-2.81, P=0.005). Conclusions: A pain management regimen involving 300 mg of oral sustained-release ibuprofen capsules administered 15 minutes before surgery and continued for 3 d postoperatively effectively reduces pain levels and the total amount of analgesic medication used after the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. Considering its efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness, ibuprofen is recommended as a first-line drug for perioperative pain management, enhancing patient comfort during diagnosis and treatment in a feasible manner.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Ibuprofeno , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos
17.
Neurologia (Engl Ed) ; 39(2): 147-159, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disease that seriously affects cognitive ability and has become a key public health problem. Many studies have identified the possibility of peripheral blood microRNA as effective non-invasive biomarkers for AD diagnosis, but the results are inconsistent. Therefore, we carried out this meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of circulating microRNAs in the diagnosis of AD patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, updated to March 15, 2021. A random effects model was used to pool the sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio and area under the curve. Meta-regression and subgroup analysis were performed to explore the sources of heterogeneity, and Deeks' funnel plot was used to assess whether there was publication bias. RESULTS: 62 studies from 18 articles were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.78-0.85), specificity was 0.80 (95% CI: 0.76-0.83), PLR was 4. 1 (95% CI: 3.4-4.9), NLR was 0.23 (95% CI: 0.19-0.28), DOR was 18 (95% CI: 13-25) and AUC was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.84-0.90). Subgroup analysis shows that the microRNA clusters of plasma type performed a better diagnostic accuracy of AD patients. In addition, publication bias was not found. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating microRNAs can be used as a promising non-invasive biomarker in AD diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , MicroRNA Circulante , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(3): 316-320, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448196

RESUMO

A 65-year-old male patient was admitted for recurrent lymph node enlargement for 5 years and elevated creatinine for 6 months. This patient was diagnosed with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma 5 years ago and underwent multiple lines of anti-tumor therapy, including cytotoxic chemotherapy; epigenetic modifying drugs such as chidamide and azacitidine; the immunomodulator lenalidomide; and targeted therapy such as rituximab, a CD20-targeting antibody, and brentuximab vedotin, which targets CD30. Although the tumor was considered stable, multiple virus activation (including BK virus, JC virus, and cytomegalovirus) accompanied by the corresponding organ damage (polyomavirus nephropathy, cytomegalovirus retinitis, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy) occurred during anti-tumor treatment. Anti-tumor therapy was suspended and ganciclovir was used. The serum viral load decreased and organ functions were stabilized. The purpose of this report was to raise clinicians' awareness of opportunistic virus reactivation during anti-tumor treatment.


Assuntos
Linfadenopatia , Insuficiência Renal , Substância Branca , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Encéfalo , Cegueira , Linfonodos
19.
Phys Rev E ; 109(2-2): 025213, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491640

RESUMO

This paper presents a numeric study of the dynamic stabilization of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability (ARTI) in the presence of a temporally modulated laser pulse. The results show that the specially modulated laser produces a dynamically stabilized configuration near the ablation front. The physical features of the relevant laser-driven parameters in the unperturbed ablative flows have been analyzed to reveal the inherent stability mechanism underlying the dynamically stabilized configuration. A single-mode ARTI for the modulated laser pulse is first compared with that of the unmodulated laser pulse. The results show that the modulated laser stabilizes the surface perturbations and reduces the linear growth rate and enhancement of the cutoff wavelength. For multimode perturbations, the dynamic stabilization effect of the modulated laser pulse contributes to suppress the small-scale structure and reduce the width of the mixing layer. Moreover, the results show that the stabilization effect of the modulated laser pulse decreases as the maximum wavelength increases.

20.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(3): 265-271, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462375

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of re-tucking the superior oblique muscle on recurrent or residual compensatory head position. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted. 12 recurrent or residual compensatory head position patients (12 eyes) with congenital superior oblique palsy who underwent superior oblique re-tucking in Tianjin Eye Hospital from March 2015 to February 2021 were included. All patients had a history of superior oblique tucking procedure and showed signs of superior oblique muscle palsy without inferior oblique muscle overaction. During surgery, the Guyton forced duction test is used to evaluate the relaxation of the superior oblique muscle tendon, which affects the re-tucking length of the muscle.Their head position, vertical deviation, eye movement, fovea-disa angle, and Bielschowsky head tilt test were assessed pre-and post-surgery. Statistical analysis was performed using ttest and paired samples Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Out of the 12 patients, 8 were male and 4 were female, aged between 2 and 9 years. The initial surgery was done at age 6, with a superior oblique recession length of (7.17±1.03) mm. Recurrent head tilt occurred in 11 patients after (3.82±0.98) months postoperatively, and 1 patient had residual head tilt, with a followup period of six months or more. Ocular motility examination revealed underaction of the superior oblique muscle, positive Bielschowsky's head tilt test, and Guyton forced duction tese indicating relaxation of the paralyzed superior oblique muscle tendon. Scar adhesion was observed at the stop of the superior oblique muscle, as well as the previous sutures. The scar and the sutures around the stop of the superior oblique muscle were released, the mean re-tucking amount was(7.83±1.59)mm. Follow-up at 12 to 18 months postoperatively showed disappearance of compensatory head position, significant improvement in superior oblique muscle lag, normal ocular motility, and no occurrence of Brown syndrome. The results of Bielschowsky head tilt were negative in 9 cases and still positive in 3 cases after superior oblique re-tucking. The primary vertical deviation was 2.5 (2.0, 5.3) prism diopter pre-operatively and 1 (0, 1) prism diopter post-operatively, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (U=6.00, P<0.001). The total amount of FDA in both eyes was (-22.04±5.47)° and (-15.27±6.08)° pre-and post-operatively, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (t=2.87, P=0.009). All 12 patients have normal eye movement after superior oblique re-tucking procedure. All patients had no compensatory head position at last follow-up. Conclusions: Superior oblique re-tucking is suitable for patients with relaxation of the superior oblique muscle tendon and extrocular rotation as the main sign. It can effectively and safely correct the recurrent or residual compensatory head position after re-tucking the superior oblique muscle.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular , Oftalmoplegia , Estrabismo , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Estrabismo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos , Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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