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1.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 206, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have largely neglected the role of sulfur metabolism in LUAD, and no study has combine iron, copper, and sulfur-metabolism associated genes together to create prognostic signatures. METHODS: This study encompasses 1564 LUAD patients, 1249 NSCLC patients, and over 10,000 patients with various cancer types from diverse cohorts. We employed the R package ConsensusClusterPlus to separate patients into different ICSM (Iron, Copper, and Sulfur-Metabolism) subtypes. Various machine-learning methods were utilized to develop the ICSMI. Enrichment analyses were conducted using ClusterProfiler and GSVA, while IOBR quantified immune cell infiltration. GISTIC2.0 and maftools were utilized for CNV and SNV data analysis. The Oncopredict package predicted drug information based on GDSC1. TIDE algorithm and cohorts GSE91061 and IMvigor210 evaluated patient response to immunotherapy. Single-cell data was processed using the Seurat package, AUCell package calculated cells geneset activity scores, and the Scissor algorithm identified ICSMI-associated cells. In vitro experiments was conducted to explore the role of ICSMRGs in LUAD. RESULTS: Unsupervised clustering identified two distinct ICSM subtypes of LUAD, each with unique clinical characteristics. The ICSMI, comprising 10 genes, was constructed using integrated machine-learning methods. Its prognostic power was validated in 10 independent datasets, revealing that LUAD patients with higher ICSMI levels had poorer prognoses. Furthermore, ICSMI demonstrated superior predictive abilities compared to 102 previously published signatures. A nomogram incorporating ICSMI and clinical features exhibited high predictive performance. ICSMI positively correlated with patients gene mutations, and integrated analysis of bulk and single-cell transcriptome data revealed its association with TME modulators. Cells representing the high-ICSMI phenotype exhibited more malignant features. LUAD patients with high ICSMI levels exhibited sensitivity to chemotherapy and targeted therapy but displayed resistance to immunotherapy. In a comprehensive analysis across various cancers, ICSMI retained significant prognostic value and emerged as a risk factor for the majority of cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: ICSMI provides critical prognostic insights for LUAD patients, offering valuable insights into the tumor microenvironment and predicting treatment responsiveness.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Cobre , Ferro , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Aprendizado de Máquina , Enxofre , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Enxofre/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Ferro/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Masculino , Feminino
2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202401683, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719735

RESUMO

Lanthanide nanoparticle (LnNP) scintillators exhibit huge potential in achieving radionuclide-activated luminescence (radioluminescence, RL). However, their structure-activity relationship remains largely unexplored. Herein, progressive optimization of LnNP scintillators is presented to unveil their structure-dependent RL property and enhance their RL output efficiency. Benefiting from the favorable host matrix and the luminescence-protective effect of core-shell engineering, NaGdF4:15%Eu@NaLuF4 nanoparticle scintillators with tailored structures emerged as the top candidates. Living imaging experiments based on optimal LnNP scintillators validated the feasibility of laser-free continuous RL activated by clinical radiopharmaceuticals for tumor multiplex visualization. This research provides unprecedented insights into the rational design of LnNP scintillators, which would enable efficient energy conversion from Cerenkov luminescence, γ-radiation, and ß-electrons into visible photon signals, thus establishing a robust nanotechnology-aided approach for tumor-directed radio-phototheranostics.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404142, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715431

RESUMO

Fluorescent imaging and biosensing in the near-infrared-II (NIR-II) window holds great promise for non-invasive, radiation-free, and rapid-response clinical diagnosis. However, it's still challenging to develop bright NIR-II fluorophores. In this study, we report a new strategy to enhance the brightness of NIR-II aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorophores through intramolecular electrostatic locking. By introducing sulfur atoms into the side chains of the thiophene bridge in TSEH molecule, the molecular motion of the conjugated backbone can be locked through intramolecular interactions between the sulfur and nitrogen atoms. This leads to enhanced NIR-II fluorescent emission of TSEH in both solution and aggregation states. Notably, the encapsulated nanoparticles (NPs) of TSEH show enhanced brightness, which is 2.6-fold higher than TEH NPs with alkyl side chains. The in vivo experiments reveal the feasibility of TSEH NPs in vascular and tumor imaging with a high signal-to-background ratio and precise resection for tiny tumors. In addition, polystyrene nanospheres encapsulated with TSEH are utilized for antigen detection in lateral flow assays, showing a signal-to-noise ratio 1.9-fold higher than the TEH counterpart in detecting low-concentration antigens. This work highlights the potential for developing bright NIR-II fluorophores through intramolecular electrostatic locking and their potential applications in clinical diagnosis and biomedical research.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 57-65, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583210

RESUMO

Modification of oxygen evolution co-catalyst (OEC) on the surface of bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) can effectively improve the kinetics of water oxidation, but it is still limited by the small hole extraction driving force at the BiVO4/OEC interface. Modulating the BiVO4/OEC interface with a hole transfer layer (HTL) is expected to facilitate hole transport from BiVO4 to the OEC surface. Herein, a copper(I) thiocyanate (CuSCN) HTL is inserted between BiVO4 and NiFeOx OEC to create BiVO4/CuSCN/NiFeOx photoanode, resulting in a significant enhancement of photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting performance. From electrochemical analyses and density functional theory (DFT) simulations, the markedly enhanced PEC performance is attributed to the insertion of CuSCN as an HTL, which promotes the extraction of holes from BiVO4 surface and boosts the water oxidation kinetics. The optimal photoanode achieves a photocurrent density of 5.6 mA cm-2 at 1.23 V versus the reversible hydrogen electrode (vs. RHE) and an impressive charge separation efficiency of 96.2 %. This work offers valuable insights into the development of advanced photoanodes for solar energy conversion and emphasizes the importance of selecting an appropriate HTL to mitigate recombination at the BiVO4/OEC interface.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612720

RESUMO

Safety is fundamental for the practical development and application of energetic materials. Three tricyclic energetic compounds, namely, 1,3-di(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-amine (ATDT), 5'-nitro-3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-2'H-[1,3'-bi(1,2,4-triazol)]-5-amine (ATNT), and 1-(3,4-dinitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-amine (ATDNP), were effectively synthesized through a simple two-step synthetic route. The introduction of intramolecular hydrogen bonds resulted in excellent molecular planarity for the three new compounds. Additionally, they exhibit regular crystal packing, leading to numerous intermolecular hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions. Benefiting from planar tricyclic structural features, ATDT, ATNT, and ATDNP are insensitive (IS > 60 J, FS = 360 N) when exposed to external stimuli. Furthermore, ATNT (Td = 361.1 °C) and ATDNP (Td = 317.0 °C) exhibit high decomposition temperatures and satisfying detonation performance. The intermolecular hydrogen bonding that produced this planar tricyclic molecular structure serves as a model for the creation of innovative multiple heterocycle energetic materials with excellent stability.


Assuntos
Aminas , Bandagens , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Hidrogênio
6.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1381018, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660441

RESUMO

Autolysins are endogenous cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) in bacteria that remodel the peptidoglycan layer of its own cell wall. In the Bacillus subtilis genome, at least 35 autolysin genes have been identified. However, the study of their roles in bacterial physiology has been hampered by their complexity and functional redundancy. B. subtilis GLB191 is an effective biocontrol strain against grape downy mildew disease, the biocontrol effect of which results from both direct effect against the pathogen and stimulation of the plant defense. In this study, we show that the autolysin N-acetylglucosaminidase LytD, a major autolysin of vegetative growth in B. subtilis, plays an important role in its biocontrol activity against grape downy mildew. Disruption of lytD resulted in reduced suppression of the pathogen Plasmopara viticola and stimulation of the plant defense. LytD is also shown to affect the biofilm formation and colonization of B. subtilis on grape leaves. This is the first report that demonstrates the role of an endogenous CWDE in suppressing plant disease infection of a biological control microorganism. These findings not only expand our knowledge on the biological function of autolysins but also provide a new target to promote the biocontrol activity of B. subtilis.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 131835, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663696

RESUMO

To enhance the flexibility of starch film adhesion on yarns, sizing lipids (saponified lipid or emulsified lipid) must be added during the sizing process. However, different types of sizing lipids may have diverse combinations with starch to impact enzyme desizing. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of saponified lipid and emulsified lipid commonly used in warp sizing on the hydrolysis of starch. Additionally, the desizing efficiency and chain structure of desizing residues were analyzed. Experimental results demonstrated that the existence of saponified lipid or emulsified lipid led to a reduction in the degree of hydrolysis (1.1 % and 2.6 %, respectively) compared to the original corn starch. Notably, saponified lipid exhibited a relatively strong negative impact. Furthermore, the desizing efficiency decreased after adding emulsified lipid (1.2 %) or saponified lipid (2.9 %). Starch-lipid V-type complexes and physical hindrance could inhibit the enzyme desizing, resulting in a larger wavelength of maximum absorbance for desizing residues, along with higher molecular weight, z-average radius of gyration, and an increased proportion of long chains. The presence of saponified lipid significantly negatively influenced desizing, possibly due to the smaller particle size and propensity for complex formation with starch.

8.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 12(1): 61, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637883

RESUMO

We aimed to identify the druggable cell-intrinsic vulnerabilities and target-based drug therapies for PitNETs using the high-throughput drug screening (HTS) and genomic sequencing methods. We examined 9 patient-derived PitNET primary cells in HTS. Based on the screening results, the potential target genes were analyzed with genomic sequencing from a total of 180 PitNETs. We identified and verified one of the most potentially effective drugs, which targeted the Histone deacetylases (HDACs) both in in vitro and in vivo PitNET models. Further RNA sequencing revealed underlying molecular mechanisms following treatment with the representative HDACs inhibitor, Panobinostat. The HTS generated a total of 20,736 single-agent dose responses which were enriched among multiple inhibitors for various oncogenic targets, including HDACs, PI3K, mTOR, and proteasome. Among these drugs, HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) were, on average, the most potent drug class. Further studies using in vitro, in vivo, and isolated PitNET primary cell models validated HDACIs, especially Panobinostat, as a promising therapeutic agent. Transcriptional surveys revealed substantial alterations to the Nrf2 signaling following Panobinostat treatment. Moreover, Nrf2 is highly expressed in PitNETs. The combination of Panobinostat and Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 had a synergistic effect on PitNET suppression. The current study revealed a class of effective anti-PitNET drugs, HDACIs, based on the HTS and genomic sequencing. One of the representative compounds, Panobinostat, may be a potential drug for PitNET treatment via Nrf2-mediated redox modulation. Combination of Panobinostat and ML385 further enhance the effectiveness for PitNET treatment.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Panobinostat/farmacologia , Panobinostat/uso terapêutico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 336: 122128, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670759

RESUMO

Traditional submucosal filling materials frequently show insufficient lifting height and duration during clinical procedures. Here, the anionic polysaccharide polymer sodium carboxymethyl starch and cationic Laponite to prepare a hydrogel with excellent shear-thinning ability through physical cross-linking, so that it can achieve continuous improvement of the mucosal cushion through endoscopic injection. The results showed that the hydrogel (56.54 kPa) had a lower injection pressure compared to MucoUp (68.56 kPa). The height of submucosal lifting height produced by hydrogel was higher than MucoUp, and the height maintenance ability after 2 h was 3.20 times that of MucoUp. At the same time, the hydrogel also showed satisfactory degradability and biosafety, completely degrading within 200 h. The hemolysis rate is as low as 0.76 %, and the cell survival rate > 80 %. Subcutaneous implantation experiments confirmed that the hydrogel showed no obvious systemic toxicity. Animal experiments clearly demonstrated the in vivo feasibility of using hydrogels for submucosal uplift. Furthermore, successful endoscopic submucosal dissection was executed on a live pig stomach, affirming the capacity of hydrogel to safely and effectively facilitate submucosal dissection and mitigate adverse events, such as bleeding. These results indicate that shear-thinning hydrogels have a wide range applications as submucosal injection materials.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Amido , Amido/análogos & derivados , Animais , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Amido/química , Suínos , Camundongos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Injeções , Humanos , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Silicatos/química
10.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The single layer of cells lining all blood vessels, the endothelium, is a sophisticated signal co-ordination centre that controls a wide range of vascular functions including the regulation of blood pressure and blood flow. To co-ordinate activities, communication among cells is required for tissue level responses to emerge. While a significant form of communication occurs by the propagation of signals between cells, the mechanism of propagation in the intact endothelium is unresolved. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Precision signal generation and targeted cellular manipulation was used in conjunction with high spatiotemporal mesoscale Ca2+ imaging in the endothelium of intact blood vessels. KEY RESULTS: Multiple mechanisms maintain communication so that Ca2+ wave propagation occurs irrespective of the status of connectivity among cells. Between adjoining cells, regenerative IP3-induced IP3 production transmits Ca2+ signals and explains the propagated vasodilation that underlies the increased blood flow accompanying tissue activity. The inositide is itself sufficient to evoke regenerative phospholipase C-dependent Ca2+ waves across coupled cells. None of gap junctions, Ca2+ diffusion or the release of extracellular messengers is required to support this type of intercellular Ca2+ signalling. In contrast, when discontinuities exist between cells, ATP released as a diffusible extracellular messenger transmits Ca2+ signals across the discontinuity and drives propagated vasodilation. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: These results show that signalling switches underlie endothelial cell-to-cell signal transmission and reveal how communication is maintained in the face of endothelial damage. The findings provide a new framework for understanding wave propagation and cell signalling in the endothelium.

11.
Chemistry ; : e202400740, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623910

RESUMO

Diversified molecular information-processing methods have significant implications for nanoscale manipulation and control, monitoring and disease diagnosis of organisms, and direct intervention in biological activities. However, as an effective approach for implementing multifunctional molecular information processing, DNA reaction networks (DRNs) with numerous functionally specialized molecular structures have challenged them on scale and modular design, leading to increased network complexity, further causing problems such as signal leakage, attenuation, and cross-talk in network reactions. Our study developed a strategy for performing various signal-processing tasks through engineering modular DRNs composed of simple molecular structures. This strategy is based on a universal core unit with signal selection capability, and a timeadjustable signal self-resetting module is achieved by combing the core unit and self-resetting unit, which improves the time controllability of modular DRNs. In addition, multi-input and -output signal crosscatalytic and continuously adjustable signal delay modules were realized by combining core and threshold units, providing a flexible, precise method for modular DRNs to process the signal. The strategy simplifies the design of DRNs, helps generate design ideas for largescale integrated DRNs with multiple functions, and provides prospects in biocomputing, gene regulation, and biosensing.

12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9744, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38679606

RESUMO

To explore the spontaneous combustion characteristics and hazards of the low-temperature oxidation (LTO) stage in the process of spontaneous combustion of coal and mudstone, the pore structure, spontaneous combustion characteristic parameters, and exothermic characteristics of coal and mudstone were tested and studied, and the oxidation kinetic parameters were calculated. The results show that mudstone has a larger specific surface area and pore volume than coal. From the fractal characteristics, the pore structure of mudstone is more complex than that of coal. According to the comparison of theoretical and actual gas generation and oxygen consumption rate curves, it is found that there is an interaction between coal and mudstone in the LTO process. With the increase of mudstone mass ratio, gas production, and its oxygen consumption rate increase. Among them, CM-4 (Coal:Mudstone = 1:1) has the highest exothermic intensity and the exothermic factor (A) and fire coefficient (K) increase with the increase of mudstone content. The apparent activation energy of the mudstone sample is lower than that of the raw coal, indicating that the sample after adding mudstone is more likely to have spontaneous combustion in the LTO stage.

13.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(8)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38675065

RESUMO

To address the dilemma of the stiffness and toughness properties of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) composites, titanate coupling agent-treated CaCO3 nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3) and ethylene-octene copolymer (POE) were utilized to blend with HDPE to prepare ternary nanocomposites via a two-sequence-step process. Meanwhile, a one-step process was also studied as a control. The obtained ternary nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Advanced Rheometrics Expansion System (ARES), Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA), wide-angle X-ray diffraction analysis (WXRD), and mechanical test. The SEM results showed one or two CaCO3 nanoparticles were well-encapsulated by POE and were uniformly dispersed into the HDPE matrix to form a core-shell structure of 100-200 nm in size by the two-step process, while CaCO3 nanoparticles were aggregated in the HDPE matrix by the one-step method. The result of the XRD showed that the nano-CaCO3 particle played a role in promoting crystallization in HDPE nanocomposites. Mechanical tests showed that the synergistic effect of both the POE elastomer and CaCO3 nanoparticles should account for the balanced performance of the ternary composites. In comparison with neat HDPE, the notched impact toughness of the ternary nanocomposites of HDPE/POE/nano-CaCO3 was significantly increased. In addition, the core-shell structure absorbed the fracture impact energy and prevent further propagation of micro-cracks, thus obtaining a higher notched Izod impact strength.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 266(Pt 1): 131421, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641505

RESUMO

Nowadays, few investigations on the process parameters of grafted starch synthesized using electron transfer atom transfer radical polymerization (ARGET ATRP) and its applications in warp sizing and paper-making are presented. Therefore, this study aimed to survey the appropriate process parameters of bromoisobutyryl esterified starch-g-poly(acrylic acid) (BBES-g-PAA) synthesized by the ARGET ATRP, and also aimed to provide a new biobased BBES-g-PAA adhesive. The appropriate synthesis process parameters were 1.2, 0.32, and 0.6 in the molar ratios of vitamin C, CuBr2, and pentamethyldivinyltriamine to BBES, respectively, at 40 °C for 5 h. The BBES-g-PAA samples with a grafting ratio range of 4.63-14.14 % exhibited bonding forces of 57.8-64.6 N to wool fibers [55.5 N (BBES) and 53.8 N (ATS)], and their films showed breaking elongations of 3.29-3.80 % [2.74 % (BBES) and 2.49 % (ATS)] and tensile strengths of 29.1-25.4 MPa [30.4 MPa (BBES) and 34.7 MPa (ATS)]. Compared with BBES, significantly increased bonding forces and film elongations, and decreased film strengths for the BBES-g-PAA samples with grafting ratios ≥10.54 % were displayed (p < 0.05). The time (100-42 s) taken for the BBES-g-PAA films was significantly shorter than that of ATS (246 s) and BBES (196 s) films (p < 0.05), corresponding to better desizability.


Assuntos
Polimerização , Amido , Amido/química , Resistência à Tração , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Resinas Acrílicas/síntese química , Fibra de Lã , Transporte de Elétrons , Adesivos/química , Adesivos/síntese química
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8171, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589592

RESUMO

In order to study the effect of temperature on the structure and mechanical properties of coal with different metamorphic degree. Three coal samples with varying degrees of metamorphism were chosen for analysis. The discrete element software PFC2D is used to simulate the heat treatment and compression of coal. The findings indicate that during the heating process, low-order coal exhibits noticeable thermal cracks at an early stage, while thermal crack development in middle-order coal is concentrated in the later stages. In contrast, high-order coal demonstrates a more stable macroscopic structure. The strength and stiffness of low rank coal show the lowest value and decrease significantly within 135 °C. However, the strength and stiffness of medium rank coal decrease significantly after 135 °C. The changes of mechanical properties and damage modes of coal caused by thermal damage are often ignored, which may lead to the deviation of design and research results from the actual situation. Therefore, this study is of great significance to the prevention and control of coal mine disasters.

16.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(3): 179-186, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography guided percutaneous lung biopsy (CT-PLB) is a widely used method for the diagnosis of lung lesions. However, it is invasive, and the most common complications are pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, which can be life-threatening in severe cases. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of different complications of CT-PLB, so as to reduce the incidence of complications. METHODS: The 605 patients with complete clinical data who underwent CT-PLB in our hospital from May 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the location of the lesions, they were divided into subpleural group and non-subpleural group. The patients were divided into pneumothorax group, pulmonary hemorrhage group, pneumothorax with pulmonary hemorrhage group and non-pneumothorax/pulmonary hemorrhage group according to the complications. The risk factors affecting the incidence of different complications and the independent risk factors of each complication were analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of pneumothorax was 34.1%, the incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 28.1%, and the incidence of pneumothorax complicated with pulmonary hemorrhage was 10.8% (63 cases). The independent risk factor affecting the incidence of subpleural pneumothorax was lesion size (P=0.002). The independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of pneumothorax in the non-subpleural group were plain scan CT value (P=0.035), length of needle through lung tissue (P=0.003), and thickness of needle through chest wall (P=0.020). Independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of pulmonary hemorrhage in the non-subpleural group were length of needle through lung tissue (P<0.001), △CT value of needle travel area (P=0.001), lesion size (P=0.034) and body position (P=0.014). The independent risk factors affecting the co-occurrence of pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage were the length of needle through lung tissue (P<0.001) and the △CT value of needle travel area (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CT-PLB is a safe and effective diagnostic method, which of high diagnostic value for lung lesions. Selecting the appropriate puncture program can reduce complications such as pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, and improve diagnosis and treatment efficiency.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumotórax , Parede Torácica , Humanos , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 26(4): 432-436, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660910

RESUMO

The patient, a male newborn, was admitted to the hospital 2 hours after birth due to prematurity (gestational age 27+5 weeks) and respiratory distress occurring 2 hours postnatally. After admission, the infant developed fever and elevated C-reactive protein levels. On the fourth day after birth, metagenomic next-generation sequencing of cerebrospinal fluid indicated a positive result for Mycoplasma hominis (9 898 reads). On the eighth day, a retest of cerebrospinal fluid metagenomics confirmed Mycoplasma hominis (56 806 reads). The diagnosis of purulent meningitis caused by Mycoplasma hominis was established, and the antibiotic treatment was switched to moxifloxacin [5 mg/(kg·day)] administered intravenously for a total of 4 weeks. After treatment, the patient's cerebrospinal fluid tests returned to normal, and he was discharged as cured on the 76th day after birth. This article focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal Mycoplasma hominis purulent meningitis, introducing the multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of the condition in extremely preterm infants.


Assuntos
Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Moxifloxacina , Mycoplasma hominis , Humanos , Mycoplasma hominis/isolamento & purificação , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Moxifloxacina/uso terapêutico , Moxifloxacina/administração & dosagem , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical performance of HBRT-H14, a real-time PCR-based assay that separates human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and HPV18 from 12 other high-risk (HR) HPV types, in population according to Chinese guideline. METHODS: A total of 9829 eligible women aged 21-64 years from Henan, Shanxi, and Guangdong provinces were performed by HBRT-H14 testing and liquid-based cytology (LBC) screening at baseline and followed up for 3-year. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (absolute risk), and negative predictive value of LBC diagnosis and HPV testing were calculated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) Lesions. RESULTS: At baseline, 80 (0.81%) participants were diagnosed with CIN2+. HR-HPV with reflex LBC had a significantly higher sensitivity (78/80, 97.50% [95% CI, 91.34-99.31%] vs. 62/80, 77.50% [67.21-85.27%], McNemar's test p < 0.001), and a slightly lower specificity (8528/9749, 87.48% [86.80-88.12%] vs. 8900/9749, 91.29% [90.72-91.83%], McNemar's test p < 0.001) than LBC with reflex HR-HPV for CIN2+. 7832 (79.6%) participants completed 3-year follow-up and 172 (2.20%) participants were cumulatively diagnosed with CIN2+. Compared with LBC with reflex HR-HPV, HR-HPV with reflex LBC significantly increased the sensitivity (161/172, 93.60% [88.91-96.39%] vs. 87/172, 50.58% [43.18-57.96%], McNemar's test p < 0.001), but marginally decreased the specificity (6776/7660, 88.46% [87.72-89.16%] vs. 6933/7660, 90.51% [89.83-91.15], McNemar's test p < 0.001). In addition, the absolute 3-year risk of CIN2+ in HPV16/18-positive individuals was as high as 33% (80/238), whereas the risk in the HPV-negative population was only 0.16% (11/6787), much lower than those in the negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy population (1.21%, 85/7018). Moreover, similar results were found in women ≥30 years old. DISCUSSION: The study has indicated that HBRT-14 has a reliable clinical performance for use in cervical screening. The validated HPV test would improve the quality of population screening.

19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 315: 124256, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615418

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a life-threatening condition with a narrow treatment window, necessitating rapid and accurate diagnostic methods. We present an "all-in-one" convenient and rapid immunoassay system that combines microfluidic technology with a colloidal gold immunoassay. A degassing-driven chip replaces a bulky external pump, resulting in a user-friendly and easy-to-operate immunoassay system. The chip comprises four units: an inlet reservoir, an immunoreaction channel, a waste pool, and an immunocomplex collection chamber, allowing single-channel flow for rapid and accurate AMI biomarker detection. In this study, we focused on cardiac troponin I (cTnI). With a minimal sample of just 4 µL and a total detection time of under 3 min, the chip enabled a quantitative visual analysis of cTnI concentration within a range of 0.5 âˆ¼ 60.0 ng mL-1. This all-in-one integrated microfluidic chip with colloidal gold immunoassay offers a promising solution for rapid AMI diagnosis. The system's portability, small sample requirement, and quantitative visual detection capabilities make it a valuable tool for AMI diagnostics.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Diagnóstico Precoce , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Infarto do Miocárdio , Troponina I , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Troponina I/análise , Troponina I/sangue , Imunoensaio/métodos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Coloide de Ouro/química
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38688864

RESUMO

DNA circuits, as a type of biochemical system, have the capability to synchronize the perception of molecular information with a chemical reaction response and directly process the molecular characteristic information in biological activities, making them a crucial area in molecular digital computing and smart bioanalytical applications. Instead of cascading logic gates, the traditional research approach achieves multiple logic operations which limits the scalability of DNA circuits and increases the development costs. Based on the interface reaction mechanism of Lambda exonuclease, the molecular perceptron proposed in this study, with the need for only adjusting weight and bias parameters to alter the corresponding logic expressions, enhances the versatility of the molecular circuits. We also establish a mathematical model and an improved heuristic algorithm for solving weights and bias parameters for arbitrary logic operations. The simulation and FRET experiment results of a series of logic operations demonstrate the universality of molecular perceptron. We hope the proposed molecular perceptron can introduce a new design paradigm for molecular circuits, fostering innovation and development in biomedical research related to biosensing, targeted therapy, and nanomachines.

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