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1.
Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 39(4): 353-360, May. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-494

RESUMO

Background: Glioma presents high incidence and poor prognosis, and therefore more effective treatments are needed. Studies have confirmed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) basically regulate various human diseases including glioma. It has been theorized that HAS2-AS1 serves as an lncRNA to exert an oncogenic role in varying cancers. This study aimed to assess the value of lncRNA HAS2-AS1 as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for glioma. Methods: The miRNA expression data and clinical data of glioma were downloaded from the TCGA database for differential analysis and survival analysis. In addition, pathological specimens and specimens of adjacent normal tissue from 80 patients with glioma were used to observe the expression of HAS2-AS1. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic ability and prognostic value of HAS2-AS1 in glioma. Meanwhile, a Kaplan–Meier survival curve was plotted to evaluate the survival of glioma patients with different HAS2-AS1 expression levels. Results: HAS2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues compared with normal tissue. The survival curves showed that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Several clinicopathological factors of glioma patients, including tumor size and WHO grade, were significantly correlated with HAS2-AS1 expression in tissues. The ROC curve showed an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.863, indicating that HAS2-AS1 had good diagnostic value. The ROC curve for the predicted OS showed an AUC of 0.906, while the ROC curve for predicted PFS showed an AUC of 0.88. Both suggested that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis.Conclusions: Normal tissues could be clearly distinguished from glioma tissues based on HAS2-AS1 expression. Moreover, overexpression of HAS2-AS1 indicated poor prognosis in glioma patients.(AU)


Introducción: Los gliomas presentan una alta incidencia y un mal pronóstico, por lo que es necesario un tratamiento más efectivo. Algunos estudios han confirmado que los ARN no codificantes de cadena larga (ARNncl) regulan diferentes enfermedades, entre las que se incluyen los gliomas. Se ha postulado que HAS2-AS1 actúa como un ARNncl, con un efecto oncogénico en diferentes tipos de cáncer. Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar el valor del ARNncl HAS2-AS1 como marcador diagnóstico y pronóstico de glioma. Métodos: Descargamos los datos clínicos y de expresión de micro-ARN de la base de datos del Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer (TCGA) para realizar el análisis diferencial y de supervivencia. También analizamos la expresión de HAS2-AS1 en muestras patológicas y muestras de tejido adyacente normal de 80 pacientes con glioma. Para analizar la capacidad diagnóstica y el valor pronóstico de HAS2-AS1 en el glioma, recurrimos a la curva ROC. También utilizamos curvas de Kaplan-Meier para evaluar la supervivencia de los pacientes con glioma con diferentes niveles de expresión de HAS2-AS1. Resultados: La expresión de HAS2-AS1 era significativamente mayor en las muestras patológicas que en el tejido normal. Las curvas de supervivencia demostraron que la sobreexpresión de HAS2-AS1 estaba relacionada con una menor supervivencia general y supervivencia libre de progresión. Algunos factores clínico-patológicos de los pacientes con glioma, como el tamaño del tumor y su grado, según la clasificación de la OMS, mostraron una correlación significativa con la expresión de HAS2-AS1 en los tejidos afectados. La curva ROC mostró un área bajo la curva de 0,863, lo que indica que la expresión de HAS2-AS1 posee un importante valor diagnóstico. El área bajo la curva de la supervivencia general estimada fue de 0,906; para la supervivencia libre de progresión estimada, de 0,88. Ambos valores muestran que la sobreexpresión de HAS2-AS1 se asocia con un mal pronóstico...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Hialuronan Sintases
2.
Neurologia (Engl Ed) ; 39(4): 353-360, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma presents high incidence and poor prognosis, and therefore more effective treatments are needed. Studies have confirmed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) basically regulate various human diseases including glioma. It has been theorized that HAS2-AS1 serves as an lncRNA to exert an oncogenic role in varying cancers. This study aimed to assess the value of lncRNA HAS2-AS1 as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for glioma. METHODS: The miRNA expression data and clinical data of glioma were downloaded from the TCGA database for differential analysis and survival analysis. In addition, pathological specimens and specimens of adjacent normal tissue from 80 patients with glioma were used to observe the expression of HAS2-AS1. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic ability and prognostic value of HAS2-AS1 in glioma. Meanwhile, a Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted to evaluate the survival of glioma patients with different HAS2-AS1 expression levels. RESULTS: HAS2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues compared with normal tissue. The survival curves showed that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Several clinicopathological factors of glioma patients, including tumor size and WHO grade, were significantly correlated with HAS2-AS1 expression in tissues. The ROC curve showed an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.863, indicating that HAS2-AS1 had good diagnostic value. The ROC curve for the predicted OS showed an AUC of 0.906, while the ROC curve for predicted PFS showed an AUC of 0.88. Both suggested that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Normal tissues could be clearly distinguished from glioma tissues based on HAS2-AS1 expression. Moreover, overexpression of HAS2-AS1 indicated poor prognosis in glioma patients. Therefore, HAS2-AS1 could be used as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for glioma.


Assuntos
Glioma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Prognóstico , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Curva ROC , Hialuronan Sintases
3.
J Frailty Aging ; 13(2): 125-130, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical resilience is an emerging concept that describes an individual's capacity to recover from stressors. However, few instruments are currently available for assessing physical resilience. OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale to assess physical resilience in older adults. DESIGN: Development of a clinical scale. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 172 hospitalized older adults were recruited. MEASUREMENTS: This study comprised two stages. First, a pool of physical resilience scale items was created through a literature review, and the Delphi method was used to establish an initial scale. Second, the initial physical resilience scale was tested on hospitalized older adults. RESULTS: Five primary and 19 secondary items were identified after reviewing the literature. After two rounds of expert consultations, three primary and 16 secondary items were determined. The overall Cronbach's alpha for the scale was 0.760. Except for items N2, N4, N5, N8, and N14, Pearson's correlation between the scores of the remaining items and the total score ranged from 0.407 to 0.672. Except for items N2, N4, and N5, the corrected item-total correlation results ranged from 0.301 to 0.580, indicating good consistency between each item and the overall scale. Factor analysis showed that except for N7, the factor loadings of the remaining items were between 0.584 and 0.844. After expert discussions, items N2, N4, N7, and N14 were included in the scale, and items N5 and N8 were removed. CONCLUSION: A 14-item physical resilience scale, CHEES, was developed to assess physical resilience levels in older adults.


Assuntos
Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Idoso , Encaminhamento e Consulta , China
4.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; : 101889, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Substantial observational evidence suggests an association between neuropsychiatric conditions and Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). However, the causal relationship between these two conditions requires further investigation. Therefore, we employed a two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) approach to assess bidirectional causal effects between four neuropsychiatric conditions and VTE, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), and Pulmonary Embolism (PE). METHODS: Genetic variants associated with four neuropsychiatric conditions, including Schizophrenia (SCH), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Bipolar Disorder (BD), and Epilepsy, as well as VTE, DVT, and PE were selected. Bidirectional univariable and multivariable MR methods were applied to evaluate causal relationships among these conditions. The primary causal estimates were obtained using the Inverse Variance Weighted (IVW) method with multiplicative random effects, supplemented by MR Egger regression, weighted median, simple mode, and weighted mode. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using MR pleiotropy residual sum ,funnel plots and outlier (MR-PRESSO) method. RESULTS: Univariable MR results showed that genetic susceptibility to MDD increases the risk of VTE and PE (VTE: OR=1.25, 95%CI: 1.08-1.46, P=0.004; PE: OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.09-1.69, P=0.006), and PE has an adverse causal effect on MDD (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 1.00-1.04, P=0.026). Adjustment for confounders such as obesity, sleep duration, smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption revealed that increased genetic susceptibility to MDD is also associated with VTE and PE. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that genetic susceptibility to MDD may have an adverse causal effect on the risk of VTE and PE, and PE has a reverse causal effect on MDD. Prevention and early diagnosis of depression are crucial in the management of VTE and PE.

5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 62(5): 430-437, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623010

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of pubertal sexual characteristics development of girls aged 6-18 years in Tongzhou District of Beijing and to compare the differences in sexual characteristics development among girls characterized as thin, normal, overweight, and obese. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 844 girls aged 6-18 years in Tongzhou District of Beijing from September 2022 to July 2023. The developmental stages of breast and pubic hair were assessed on site, and menarche status was inquired. Weight and height were measured. The girls were subsequently characterized into thin, normal, overweight and obese groups. Basic information (including family and personal history) was obtained through questionnaires. Probit probability unit regression was applied to calculate the age of each Tanner stage of sexual characteristics development and the age of menarche. The χ2 test was applied to compare the counting data between two or multiple groups. Results: A total of 2 844 girls were surveyed and 2 704 girls met the inclusion criteria, resulting in a valid response rate of 95.1%. Among these girls, 1 105 (40.9%) were aged 6-9 years, 1 053 (38.9%) were aged 10-13 years, and 546 (20.2%) were aged 14-18 years. The of height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and body mass index-for-age Z-score (BAZ) were 0.46(-0.23,1.16), 0.69(-0.16,1.67), and 0.67(-0.27,1.73) respectively. The prevalences of thin, overweight, and obesity were respectively 1.7% (45/2 704), 17.3% (467/2 704), and 19.9% (538/2 704), respectively. There were 45 girls in the thin group, 1 654 girls in the normal weight group, 1 005 girls in the overweight and obesity group. The age of Tanner stage breast 2 (B2), Tanner stage pubic hair 2 (P2), and menarche was 9.0 (95%CI 8.9-9.1), 10.5 (95%CI 10.4-10.6), and 11.4 (95%CI 11.3-1.5) years, respectively. The current status of breast and pubic hair maturity in girls with pubertal development shows that 64.6% (1 211/1 874) of these girls had breast development preceding pubic hair development, 32.4% (607/1 874) had concurrent breast and pubic hair development, and 3.0% (56/1 874) had pubic hairs development preceding breast development. The interval age between B2 and B5 was 4.7 (95%CI 4.6-4.8) years, between P2 and P5 was 4.5 (95%CI 4.4-4.6) years, and between B2 and menarche was 2.4 (95%CI 2.3-2.5) years. The ages of sexual characteristics development in overweight and obese groups were earlier than that in normal and thin groups. The ages of B2 in thin, normal, overweight, and obese groups were 10.0 (95%CI 9.5-10.6), 9.3 (95%CI 9.2-9.4), and 8.6 (95%CI 8.4-8.7) years, respectively. The age of menarche in thin, normal, overweight, and obese groups were 13.1 (95%CI 12.4-13.7), 11.6 (95%CI 11.4-11.7), and 11.1 (95%CI 11.0-11.2) years, respectively. The interval ages between B2 and B5 and between P2 and P5 was 4.5 and 4.1 years, respectively in the overweight and obese groups, and those in normal group and thin group was 4.7 and 4.5 years, 4.6 and 4.7 years, respectively. Conclusions: The ages of sexual characteristics development and menarche tend in Tongzhou District of Beijing to be earlier than that being reported of Beijing's survey 20 years ago. Girls characterized as overweight and obese not only start puberty at an earlier age than girls of normal weight, but also have a shorter developmental process.

6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 62(5): 457-461, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623014

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the drug-resistant gene loci of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS). Methods: From November 2022 to October 2023, 697 clinical samples (including sputum, alveolar lavage fluid and blood) of 686 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae positive detected by mNGS were retrospectively analyzed. Samples were divided into intensive care unit (ICU) group and non-ICU group, Chi-square test was used to compare groups, and Mann-Kendall trend test was used to analyze the change trend of the detection rate of drug resistance gene loci over time. Results: Of the 697 samples, 164 were from the ICU group and 533 were from the non-ICU group. The detection rate of Mycoplasma pneumoniae resistance gene was 44.3% (309/697), and all detected drug-resistant gene loci of MP were A2063G. The detection rate of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in ICU group was 50.0% (82/164), and the detection rates of Mycoplasma pneumoniae resistance gene loci in sputum, alveolus lavage fluid and blood samples were 75.0% (18/24) and 48.4% (62/128), respectively. The detection rate in sputum was higher than alveolus lavage fluid samples (χ2=5.72,P=0.017). The detection rate of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in non-ICU group was 42.6% (227/533), the detection rate of Mycoplasma pneumoniae resistance gene loci in sputum and alveolar lavage fluid was 40.0% (16/40), 44.3% (201/454), and no detection rate in blood samples (0/12). There was no significant difference in the detection rate of alveolar lavage fluid and sputum (χ2=0.27, P=0.602). From November 2022 to October 2023, the detection rate of submitted samples showed an increasing trend month by month (overall: Z=3.99, ICU inspection group: Z=2.93, non-ICU group: Z=3.01, all P<0.01). Among the bacteria commonly detected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae accounted for the highest proportion, the detection rate was 15.5% (108/697), and Epstein-Barr virus accounted for the highest proportion of 17.6% (123/697). Conclusions: From November 2022 to October 2023, the detection rate of Mycoplasma pneumoniae drug resistance gene loci showed an increasing trend. The detection rate of drug resistance gene loci in sputum samples of ICU group was higher than alveolus lavage fluid. No new drug resistance site were detected.

7.
J Dent Res ; : 220345241230067, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623900

RESUMO

Halitosis is a common oral condition, which leads to social embarrassment and affects quality of life. Cumulative evidence has suggested the association of tongue-coating microbiome with the development of intraoral halitosis. The dynamic variations of tongue-coating microbiota and metabolites in halitosis have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the tongue-coating microbial and metabolic characteristics in halitosis subjects without other oral diseases using metagenomics and metabolomics analysis. The participants underwent oral examination, halitosis assessment, and tongue-coating sample collection for the microbiome and metabolome analysis. It was found that the microbiota richness and diversity were significantly elevated in the halitosis group. Furthermore, species from Actinomyces, Prevotella, Veillonella, and Solobacterium were significantly more abundant in the halitosis group. However, the Rothia and Streptococcus species exhibited opposite tendencies. Eleven Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were significantly enriched in the halitosis tongue coatings, including cysteine and methionine metabolism. Functional genes related to sulfur, indole, skatole, and cadaverine metabolic processes (such as serA, metH, metK and dsrAB) were identified to be more abundant in the halitosis samples. The metabolome analysis revealed that indole-3-acetic, ornithine, and L-tryptophan were significantly elevated in the halitosis samples. Furthermore, it was observed that the values of volatile sulfur compounds and indole-3-acetic abundances were positively correlated. The multiomics analysis identified the metagenomic and metabolomic characteristics to differentiate halitosis from healthy individuals using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression and random forest classifier. A total of 19 species and 39 metabolites were identified as features in halitosis patients, which included indole-3-acetic acid, Bacillus altitudinis, Candidatus Saccharibacteria, and Actinomyces species. In conclusion, an evident shift in microbiome and metabolome characteristics was observed in the halitosis tongue coating, which may have a potential etiological significance and provide novel insights into the mechanism for halitosis.

8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(2): 190-194, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604797

RESUMO

Clinical data of 15 primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) children aged ≤18 years admitted to our hospital between May 2013 to May 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. Our goal was to summarize the clinical features of children and investigate the therapeutic effect of a high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) based chemotherapy regimen on this disease. The male-to-female ratio was 2.7∶1, and the median age was 7.2 (2.3-16.4) years at diagnosis. The initial clinical symptoms were primarily cranial hypertension, with imaging findings revealing multiple lesions. Pediatric PCNSL with normal immune function has a favorable prognosis with HD-MTX-based chemotherapy. Patients with a stable disease can be treated with minimal or no maintenance. HD-MTX-based chemotherapy remains effective when the disease progresses or recurs after an initial course of non-HD-MTX-based chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Linfoma , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/induzido quimicamente , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
11.
BMC Biol ; 22(1): 83, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive brain cancer associated with poor prognosis, intrinsic heterogeneity, plasticity, and therapy resistance. In some GBMs, cell proliferation is fueled by a transcriptional regulator, repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST). RESULTS: Using CRISPR/Cas9, we identified GBM cell lines dependent on REST activity. We developed new small molecule inhibitory compounds targeting small C-terminal domain phosphatase 1 (SCP1) to reduce REST protein level and transcriptional activity in glioblastoma cells. Top leads of the series like GR-28 exhibit potent cytotoxicity, reduce REST protein level, and suppress its transcriptional activity. Upon the loss of REST protein, GBM cells can potentially compensate by rewiring fatty acid metabolism, enabling continued proliferation. Combining REST inhibition with the blockade of this compensatory adaptation using long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase inhibitor Triacsin C demonstrated substantial synergetic potential without inducing hepatotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the efficacy and selectivity of targeting REST alone or in combination as a therapeutic strategy to combat high-REST GBM.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Fatores de Transcrição , Humanos , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Encéfalo , Agressão
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(6): 2237-2249, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis (OP), a persistent metabolic bone disorder linked with inflammation, has an undetermined cause. In our research, we employed bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) to investigate the interplay between OP and inflammation agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed two-way pooled-level MR analyses to characterize the causal relationship between 41 circulating inflammatory modulators and OP. Genetic variation data for the 41 regulatory factors associated with inflammation were obtained from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of human cytokines. Bone mineral density (BMD) was utilized as a phenotype for OP in our approach. The BMD dataset, sourced from the GEFOS consortium, a large GWAS meta-analysis study and UK Biobank, was classified based on varied sections [whole body (TB), lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), forearm (FA), and heel] and age brackets (0-15 years, 15-30 years, 30-45 years, 45-60 years, and above 60 years). Primary MR analyses were executed using the inverse variance weighting (IVW) method, and sensitivity analyses were performed using the MR-Egger, weighted median, simple model, and weighted model. Cochran's Q test was utilized to evaluate the existence of heterogeneity. We used MR-Egger regression and MR multiplicity of residuals and outliers (MR-PRESSO) to assess pleiotropy. RESULTS: After false discovery rate (FDR) correction, elevated levels of circulating interleukin-8 (IL-8) [ß = 0.072 (0.031-0.114), p < 0.01], macrophage inflammatory protein-1b (MIP-1ß) [ß = 0.008 (0.003-0.013), p < 0.01; ß = 0.026 (0.009-0.042), p < 0.01], and cutaneous T-cell attracting chemokine (CTACK) [ß = 0.037 (0.017-0.056), p < 0.01] was associated with a reduced risk of OP. Reduced levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), IL-1ra, IL-10, macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF), and MIP-1α were associated with a reduced risk of OP [ß = -0.030 (-0.047 - -0.013), p < 0.01; ß = -0.025 (-0.041 - -0.010), p < 0.01; ß = -0.018 (-0.029 - -0.007), p < 0.01; ß = -0.060 (-0.097 - -0.024), p < 0.01; ß = -0.118 (-0.190 - -0.047), p < 0.01]. We observed a significant causal correlation between FN-BMD and MCP-3 (FDR < 0.05). The occurrence of OP may also lead to elevated levels of MCP3 [ß = -0.466 (-0.714 - -0.217), p < 0.01]. The reliability of the results was confirmed by sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the pathogenic role of circulating inflammatory modulators in OP using bidirectional MR analysis. This further deepens the understanding of OP pathogenesis and provides new ideas for therapeutic intervention in OP.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Osteoporose , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Inflamação/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Osteoporose/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Metanálise como Assunto , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599643

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the potential clinical biological factors influencing the major pathological response (MPR) to neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy in patients with resectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Methods: This retrospective study enrolled patients with resectable HNSCC who underwent neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from June 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between clinical characteristics, inflammatory markers and MPR, and a nomogram model was constructed. The calibration curve and decision curve analysis were used to verify the predictive ability and accuracy of the nomogram model. Results: A total of 173 patients were included in the study, with 141 males and 32 females, aged from 22 to 83 years. After pathological assessment, the patients were divided into two groups: MPR group (108 cases) and non MPR group (65 cases). Logistics regression analysis indicated that the patients with HPV+oropharyngeal cancer, partial response or complete response by imaging assessment, low pre-treatment platelet/lymphocyte ratio, low pre-treatment C reactive protein/albumin ratio and lower pre-and post-treatment C reactive protein/albumin ratio difference were more likely to have MPR (all P<0.05). Nomogram model was constructed based on the above factors, with a C-index of 0.826 (95%CI: 0.760-0.892), and the calibration curve and decision curve analysis confirmed the prediction accuracy of the model. Conclusion: This study shows that many factors are related to MPR of patients with resectable HNSCC receiving neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy and the constructed nomogram model helps to develop personalized treatment strategies for the patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albuminas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia
14.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 53(4): 370-376, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556821

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of colorectal adenocarcinoma with enteroblastic differentiation (CAED). Methods: Eight cases of CAED diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China from January 2017 to August 2023 were collected. The histopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular and prognostic features of 8 CAED cases were analyzed. The relevant studies were also reviewed. Results: Among the eight patients, there were six males and two females, with an average age of 58 years (range: 29-77 years, median age: 61.5 years). Preoperative serum alpha-fetoprotein levels were elevated in five patients (14.0-286.6 µg/L). Four tumors were located in the colon, and four tumors in the rectum. Two patients were clinically staged as advanced stage (stage Ⅳ), and distant metastasis occurred at the initial diagnosis (one case had liver metastasis, and the other had lung, bone and multiple lymph nodes metastases). Six patients were clinically staged as locally-advanced stage (Stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ). Three of them developed distant metastases after surgery (one case had liver metastasis, one case had lung metastasis, and one case had peritoneal metastasis). Additionally, two patients died at 9 months and 24 months after surgery, respectively. The tumors were composed of various proportions of adenocarcinoma components with enteroblastic differentiation (30%-100%) and classical tubular adenocarcinoma components. The component with enteroblastic differentiation exhibited morphology similar to embryonic intestinal epithelium: cuboidal or columnar tumor cells arranged in tubular, papillary, cribriform, or solid nest patterns, with clear cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical studies showed that tumor cells expressed at least one oncofetal protein (SALL4, Glypican-3, and AFP). In addition, focal squamous differentiation was observed in 3 cases (3/8). Compared to the primary tumor, both CAED and squamous differentiation components were increased in the metastatic tumors. Based on the sequencing results of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF of the primary and/or metastatic tumors, 5 cases were wild-type, while KRAS exon 2 (G13D) mutations were identified in 2 cases. Conclusions: CAED is a rare colorectal malignancy with a dismal prognosis. Accurate pathological diagnosis is prognostically valuable. The histological features of enteroblastic differentiation, elevated serum AFP levels, and the expression of oncofetal proteins play an important role in the tumor diagnosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , China , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
15.
Rhinology ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, the involvement of small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) in EMT and their contributions to CRSwNP has not been extensively investigated. METHODS: SEVs were isolated from nasal mucosa through ultracentrifugation. MicroRNA sequencing and reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction were employed to analyze the differential expression of microRNAs carried by sEVs. Human nasal epithelial cells (hNECs) were used to assess the EMT-inducing effect of sEVs/microRNAs. EMT-associated markers were detected by western blotting and immunofluorescence. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine the target gene of miR-375-3p. MicroRNA mimic, lentiviral, and plasmid transduction were used for functional experiments. RESULTS: In line with the greater EMT status in eosinophilic CRSwNP (ENP), sEVs derived from ENP (ENP-sEVs) could induce EMT in hNECs. MiR-375-3p was elevated in ENP-sEVs compared to that in control and nonENP. MiR-375- 3p carried by ENP-sEVs facilitated EMT by directly targeting KH domain containing RNA binding (QKI) at seed sequences of 913-919, 1025-1033, and 2438-2444 in 3'-untranslated region. Inhibition of QKI by miR-375-3p overexpression promoted EMT, which could be reversed by restoration of QKI. Furthermore, the abundance of miR-375-3p in sEVs was closely correlated with the clinical symptom score and disease severity. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-375-3p-enriched sEVs facilitated EMT by suppressing QKI in hNECs. The association of miR-375-3p with disease severity underscores its potential as both a diagnostic marker and a therapeutic target for the innovative management of CRSwNP.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(6): 2207-2216, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations between osteoporosis (OP) and systemic immune inflammation index (SII), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in postmenopausal women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 966 postmenopausal women. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses were applied to explore the relationships between SII, NLR, MLR, and PLR with the bone mineral density (BMD) and risk of OP. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that SII, PLR, NLR, and MLR had independent negative associations with the OP risk. The ROC curve analysis showed that SII, NLR, and MLR predicted a low BMD, with NLR having the highest predictive value (area under the curve = 0.624). SII > 504.09, PLR > 131.87, NLR > 2.02, and MLR > 0.12 correlated with a particularly high OP risk. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of SII, PLR, NLR, and MLR were associated with a high OP risk. In particular, NLR > 2.02 strongly predicted the risk of OP, thereby representing a valuable and convenient inflammatory marker of the OP risk.


Assuntos
Linfócitos , Pós-Menopausa , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Neutrófilos , Inflamação
17.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asprosin was discovered as a new endocrine hormone originating from fibrillin-1 cleavage that plays a crucial role in various metabolic-related diseases, such as obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this review is to describe the recent advancements of asprosin. METHOD: Narrative review. RESULT: This comprehensive review explores its tissue-specific functions, focusing on white adipose tissue, liver, hypothalamus, testis, ovary, heart, pancreas, skeletal muscle, and kidney. CONCLUSION: Asprosin is a multifaceted protein with tissue-specific roles in various physiological and pathological processes. Further research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms and potential of asprosin as a therapeutic target. These insights could provide new directions for treatments targeting metabolic-related diseases.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In-office and lab milled prostheses are the staple for indirect restorations. It is therefore critical to determine their long-term bonding durability. METHODS: CAD/ CAM blocks of two classes of restorative materials: 1) a nano-ceramic reinforced polymer matrix (NCPM) and, 2) a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) were bonded using four different universal adhesives (UA) and silane systems. A lithium disilicate glassceramic (LDS) was used as a reference. The blocks were bisected and bonded with different UA/resin-cement pairs. Bonded blocks were then cut into 1.0x1.0x12.0 mm bar specimens for microtensile bond testing. Half the bars were subjected to bond strength testing immediately and the other half after aging by 50,000 thermal cycles between 5°C and 55°C. ANOVA and post-hoc tests were used to compare mean bond strength among groups. RESULTS: NCPM presented consistently high bond strength regardless of bonding techniques, while the bond strength of PICN and LDS were lower when bonded with UA relative to traditional silanes. The more hydrophilic UA produced higher bond strengths. DISCUSSION: Glass-ceramics exhibited lower bond strength with UA than the conventional etch-rinse-silane techniques. However, UAs preserved bonding interface in the long-term. SIGNIFICANCE: NCPM displayed superior bond strength relative to PICN and LDS regardless of the type of adhesives and bonding techniques.

19.
Animal ; 18(4): 101134, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593679

RESUMO

Animal nutritionists continue to investigate new strategies to combat the challenge of methane emissions from ruminants. Medicinal plants (MPs) are known to be beneficial to animal health and exert functional roles in livestock due to their phytogenic compounds with antimicrobial, immunostimulatory, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory activities. Some MP has been reported to be anti-methanogenic and can effectively lower ruminants' enteric methane emissions. This review overviews trends in MP utilization in ruminants, their bioactivity and their effectiveness in lowering enteric methane production. It highlights the MP regulatory mechanism and the gaps that must be critically addressed to improve its efficacy. MP could reduce enteric methane production by up to 8-50% by regulating the rumen fermentation pathway, directing hydrogen toward propionogenesis, and modifying rumen diversity, structure, and population of the methanogens and protozoa. Yet, factors such as palatability, extraction techniques, and economic implications must be further considered to exploit their potential fully.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Animais , Plantas Medicinais/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Ruminantes/metabolismo , Fermentação , Rúmen/metabolismo
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(5): 518-523, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637008

RESUMO

Immediate implant placement can reduce the number of treatments and the time without teeth, but it carries a higher aesthetic risk. Soft tissue augmentation can reduce the risk of gingival recession to a certain extent, improve the predictability and long-term stability of immediate implant aesthetics, and is currently a hot research topic. A comprehensive understanding of the evidence-based medicine and surgical techniques using soft tissue augmentation in immediate implant surgery can assist in clinical diagnosis, treatment decisions and improve treatment outcomes. This article elucidates the changes in soft and hard tissues after immediate implant placement, aesthetic risks, and risk factors. It also discusses the advantages, timing, material selection, and commonly used clinical techniques of soft tissue transplantation in immediate implantation, aiming to provide reference for clinical doctors to improve the effectiveness of immediate implantation.

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