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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249424, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345538

RESUMO

Abstract Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.


Resumo A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Oxigênio , Carbono , Proteoma/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1140-1146, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319147

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the genetics and clinical phenotypes of epilepsy children with 2q24.3 microdeletion. Methods: All the patients with 2q24.3 microdeletion were retrospectively collected at the Pediatric Department of Peking University First Hospital from March 2017 to July 2022. The features of clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging were analyzed. Results: There were 13 patients with 2q24.3 microdeletion were included. All 13 patients had de novo copy number variation (CNV) with a deletion size ranged 0.18-7.31 Mb. The main pathogenic genes in the region were SCN3A, SCN2A, TTC21B, SCN1A and SCN9A genes. Among the 13 patients, 7 were boys, and 6 were girls. The onset age of epilepsy was 3.3(2.5, 6.0) months. Multiple seizure types were observed, including focal seizures in 13 patients, generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) in 6 patients, myoclonic seizures in 3 patients, epileptic spasm in 2 patients, and tonic seizures in 2 patients. Seizures were fever sensitivity in 9 patients. Status epilepticus was observed in 6 patients. One case had normal mental motor development and 12 cases had different degrees of developmental delay. Six patients had craniofacial abnormality, 1 had six-finger deformity of the right thumb, and 1 had multiple system abnormalities. EEG showed focal discharge in 3 cases, multifocal discharges in 5 cases, multifocal and generalized discharges in 1 case. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed enlargement of subarachnoid spaces in the frontal and temporal region in 4 patients, enlargement of lateral ventricle in 4 patients and delayed myelination of white matter in 1 patient. Dravet syndrome was diagnosed in 5 cases. The age at the last follow-up were 2.5(1.4,5.5) years, 1 patient was seizure free longer than 1 year, and 12 patients still had seizures. Conclusions: The epilepsy associated with 2q24.3 microdeletion is mainly induced by the deletion of SCN3A, SCN2A and SCN1A genes. The seizure onset age of 2q24.3 microdeletion related epilepsy was in infancy. Multiple seizure types are observed and the common seizure types include focal seizures and GTCS. Most patients have fever sensitivity and status epilepticus. Most patients have developmental delay. The phenotype of patients with deletion of SCN3A and SCN2A gene is more severe than that of patients with deletion of SCN1A gene only.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Epilepsias Mioclônicas , Epilepsia , Estado Epiléptico , Humanos , Cromossomos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Febre , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7 , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 999-1003, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323582

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the landscape and metastases of the lymph nodes in prostatic anterior fat pad (PAFP) at radical prostatectomy (RP), and to describe the clinical characteristic of the patients with lymph node metastases in PAFP. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 287 prostate cancer patients underwent RP from December 2019 to August 2021 in Department of Urology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were collected and analyzed retrospectively. All patients were male, aging (66±7) years (range: 42 to 83 years). The preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (M(IQR)) were 16.00(29.64) µg/L (range: 0.01 to 99.90 µg/L). There were 244 patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer and 43 patients with metastatic prostate cancer. All PAFP were dissected at RP routinely and were sent for pathologic analysis respectively. The PAFP was dissected from the prostate apex caudally toward the bladder neck and dissection extended to the joint of the prostate and the endopelvic fascia bilaterally. All the specimen of PAFP were examined and reported by subspecialty pathologists of genitourinary tumors. Statistical analysis was performed by Student t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results: There were 8.0% (23/287) patients with lymph nodes in PAFP, 3.8% (11/287) patients with PAFP lymph node metastases. Pathologically upstaged occurred in 1 patient due to the PAFP lymph node as the solitary metastatic lesion. Patients with lymph node metastases in PAFP presented higher preoperative PSA (M(IQR): 48.2(73.0) µg/L vs. 15.4(26.5) µg/L, Z=3.158, P=0.002), clinical T stage and N stage (Z=2.977, P=0.003; Z=2.780, P=0.005) and preoperative Gleason score (Z=2.205, P=0.027). Conclusions: Routine dissection of PAFP at RP and separately pathological analysis may allow more lymph nodes and lymph node metastases detection. More accurate pathological N stage may be acquired and consequently may improve the survival of patients by offering more appropriate adjuvant or salvage therapy.


Assuntos
Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prostatectomia , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Tecido Adiposo , Excisão de Linfonodo
4.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 1191-1196, 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319124

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the daily variation of LPR and the significance of 48-hour oropharyngeal pH monitoring in the diagnosis of LPRD. Methods: 72 subjects with suspected LPRD who were treated in our department from June 2018 to June 2021 were included. All patients were hospitalized to complete continuous 48-hour oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring. The consistency of Ryan index and W index and the correlation of various reflux parameters between the first and second 24-hour were compared. SPSS 24.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: All 72 subjects successfully completed 48-hour oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring. Ryan index was positive in 11 cases (15.2%) in the first 24-hour, in 17 cases (23.6%) in the second 24-hour, in 5 cases (6.9%) both first and second, and in 23 cases (31.9%) in either 24-hour, Kappa=0.211 (P=0.064), 18 cases (25%) had inconsistent results of the first 24-hour and the second 24-hour, and there was no significant difference in the positive rate between the first and second (P=0.234). The number of positive cases in 48-hour monitoring increased by 109.1% compared with 24-hour monitoring.For W index, 49 cases (68.1%) were positive in the first 24-hourf 53 cases (73.6%) were positive in the second 24-hour, 42 cases (58.3%) were positive both first and second, and 58 cases (80.6%) were positive in either 24-hour, Kappa=0.477 (P<0.001), 16 cases (22.2%) had inconsistent results of the first and second, and there was no significant difference in the positive rate between the first and second (P=0.804). The number of positive cases in 48-hour monitoring increased by 18.4% compared with 24-hour monitoring. There was no significant difference in all the reflux parameters of first and second (P>0.05). The correlation comparison showed that the correlation of various reflux parameters in the upright position was lower than that in the supine position. Conclusion: Laryngeal reflux has daily variability. Extending the monitoring time of Dx-pH to 48-hour can help reduce the missed diagnosis caused by daily variability; the use of W index can reduce the influence of daily variability on the diagnostic results of LPRD.


Assuntos
Refluxo Laringofaríngeo , Laringe , Humanos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hipofaringe
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1202-1206, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319158

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the experience in diagnosis and treatment of 45, X Turner syndrome (TS) with gonadal Y chromosome mosaicism and bilateral gonadoblastoma (Gb) secreting human chorionic gonadotrophin(HCG). Methods: A female patient aged 5 years and 3 months was admitted to the hospital with a complaint of "enlarged breasts for 27 months, and elevated blood ß-HCG for 8 months". The clinical data were summarized, and related literature up to March 2022 with the key words"Turner syndrome" "Gonadoblastoma" "Y chromosome" "human chorionic gonadotropin" "precocious" in PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases were reviewed. Results: The girl went to the local hospital for 2-month breast development at age of 3 years, and was found with a heart murmur diagnosed with "pulmonary venous malformation and atrial septal defect (secondary foramen type)". Surgical correction was performed. She experienced the progressive breast development, rapid linear growth and markedly advanced skeletal age, which cannot be explained by partial activation in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis determined at the age of 3 years and 7 months in local hospital. Then whole-exome sequencing revealed chromosome number abnormality 45, X, which was confirmed by Karyotyping. At the age of 4 years and 6 months, serum ß-HCG was found to be elevated (24.9 U/L) with no lesion found at the local hospital. On physical examination, she was found with breast development, pubic hair development and clitoromegaly with elevated serum testosterone (1.96 µg/L) and ß-HCG (32.3 U/L). Sex determining region Y(SRY) gene was negative in peripheral blood sample. Thoracic and abdominal CT, head and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging were normal. Exploratory laparotomy confirmed the presence of a left adnexal tumor and a right fibrous streak gonad. During surgery, simultaneous samples of bilateral gonadal and peripheral venous blood were obtained and serum ß-HCG, estradiol and testosteron concentrations was higher to lower from left gonadal venous blood, right gonadal venous blood, to peripheral venous blood. Bilateral gonadectomy was performed. Histopathology revealed bilateral gonadoblastomas. SRY was positive in bilateral gonadal tissues. After surgery, serum E2, testerone and ß-HCG returned to normal. So far 4 cases of HCG-secreting gonadoblastoma had been reported worldwide. The phenotypes of the 4 cases were all female, with virilization or amenorrhea, and the preoperative peripheral blood ß-HCG concentrations were 74.4, 5.0, 40 456.0, and 42.4 U/L, respectively. Conclusions: There is a high risk of Gb in TS with Y chromosome components. Gb is infrequently presented with breast development, and Gb associated with HCG secretion is rare. Karyotyping should be performed in a phenotypic female with masculinization, and virilization in TS indicates the presence of Y chromosome material with concurrent androgen secreting tumors.


Assuntos
Gonadoblastoma , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Síndrome de Turner , Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Gonadoblastoma/complicações , Gonadoblastoma/genética , Gonadoblastoma/cirurgia , Síndrome de Turner/complicações , Virilismo , Gonadotropina Coriônica
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(10): 1096-1101, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319455

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the epidemic characteristics of esophageal cancer mortality in Qidong from 1972 to 2016, and to provide baseline for making control measures and strategies for prevention. Methods: The cancer registry data were collected and analyzed on mortality of oesophagus cancer during 1972-2016 in Qidong in different sex, age and time. Indices of statistics included crude mortality rate (CR), China age-standardized rate (CASR), world age-standardized rate (WASR), 35-64 years truncated rate, 0-74 years cumulative rate, cumulative risk, average annual percentage change (AAPC), mortality by period and mortality in the birth cohort. Results: A total of 4 795 esophageal cancer cases (male: 3 315, female: 1 480) died during the 45 years, accounting for 4.85% of all cancer deaths. The crude mortality was 9.48/10(5) (CASR: 3.62/10(5,) WASR: 6.30/10(5)) from 1972 to 2016. The crude mortality was significantly increased with age. In 2016, the crude mortality was 11.61/10(5) (CASR: 2.64/10(5,) WASR: 4.89/10(5)), respectively. The average annual percentage change (AAPC) were 0.99%、-2.03%、-1.72%. The mortalities of esophageal cancer in all age groups from 35 to 74 have been decreasing since the 1980s. The age-birth cohort analysis showed a decline in mortality rates in age groups from 40 to 79. Conclusions: The crude mortality rate of esophageal cancer increases slightly in Qidong, while the China age-standardized rate and world age-standardized rate decrease significantly. However, esophageal cancer is still one of the malignant tumors that affects the health of residents and seriously threatens the people's lives and health. The situation of cancer prevention and control is still serious in Qidong.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos de Coortes , Coorte de Nascimento , Incidência , População Rural , Mortalidade , População Urbana
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(10): 1125-1131, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319459

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the long-term outcomes, failure patterns and prognostic factors of definitive radiotherapy in patients with cervical esophageal carcinoma (CEC). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 148 CEC patients who treated with definitive radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2001 to December 2017. The median radiation dose was 66 Gy (59.4-70 Gy) and 33.1% of patients received concurrent chemotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates. The log rank test was used for survival comparison and univariate prognostic analysis. The Cox model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results: The median follow-up time was 102.6 months. The median survival time, 2- and 5-year overall survival (OS) were 22.7 months, 49.9% and 28.3%. The median, 2- and 5-year progression-free survival were 12.6 months, 35.8% and 25.8%. The 2- and 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival were 59.1% and 50.8%. The 2- and 5-year distant metastases-free survival were 74.6% and 65.9%. Multivariate analysis showed that EQD(2)>66 Gy was the only independent prognostic indicator for OS (P=0.040). The median survival time and 5-year OS rate significantly improved in patients who received EQD(2)>66 Gy than those who received≤66 Gy (31.2 months vs. 19.2 months, 40.1% vs. 19.1%, P=0.027). A total of 87 patients (58.8%) developed tumor progression. There were 50 (33.8%), 23 (15.5%) and 39 (26.4%) patients developed local, regional recurrence and distant metastases, respectively. Eleven patients (7.4%) underwent salvage surgery, and the laryngeal preservation rate for entire group was 93.9%. Conclusions: Definitive radiotherapy is an effective treatment for cervical esophageal carcinoma with the advantage of larynx preservation. Local recurrence is the major failure pattern. EQD(2)>66 Gy is associated with the improved overall survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(10): 1091-1095, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319454

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the survival of esophageal cancer cases in Qidong, Jiangsu Province from 1972 to 2016, and provide a basis for the prognosis evaluation and prevention of esophageal cancer patients. Methods: The data of esophageal cancer were obtained from the Qidong Cancer Registration and Reporting System, and the follow-up date ended December 31, 2021. Observed survival rate (OSR) and relative survival rate (RSR) were calculated by SURV 3.01 software, and Hakulinen's likelihood ratio test was used for statistical difference comparison. Joinpoint regression model was used to conduct the average annual percentage change (AAPC) in esophageal cancer survival rate, and the ARIMA model was used to predict the trend of esophageal cancer survival rate. Results: During 1972 to 2016, there were 5 112 new cases of esophageal cancer in Qidong. The OSR of esophageal cancer at 1, 5 and 10 years were 24.43%, 6.93% and 4.43%, and the RSR at 1, 5 and 10 years were 25.88%, 9.35% and 8.34%, respectively. Dividing 1972-2016 into 9 periods, compared with 1972-1976, the 5-year RSR from 2012-2016 increased from 4.47% to 17.85%, and the RSR trend of the 9 periods was statistically significant (χ(2)=263.43, P<0.001). The survival rate of female with esophageal cancer was slightly higher than that of male, however, there was no significant difference in RSR between male and female (χ(2)=9.40, P=0.401). The 5-OSR and 5-RSR for male were 6.73% and 9.11%, and for female were 7.37% and 9.87%, respectively. The 5-RSR for the age groups of 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, and over 75 years old were 11.99%, 11.21%, 8.17% and 7.08%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in RSR among different age groups (χ(2)=98.19, P<0.001). The time trend results showed that the overall AAPC of the 5-RSR of esophageal cancer in Qidong from 1972 to 2016 was 3.89% (t=11.98, P<0.001). The 5-RSR uptrend was consistent among different genders, and the uptrend was greater in female (AAPC=4.25% for male, and AAPC=5.72% for female, P<0.05). Furthermore, the 5-RSR of esophageal cancer in all age groups showed an upward trend, and the upward trend was statistically significant in the 55-64-year-old group (AAPC=4.23%, P<0.05) and the 65-74-year-old group (AAPC=6.82%, P<0.05), there was no statistical significance in the 45-54-year-old group (AAPC=2.17%, P>0.05) and more than 75 years old group (AAPC=1.82%, P>0.05). Survival rate prediction of esophageal cancer showed that by 2026, 5-RSR will increase to 24.79%. Conclusions: During 1972 to 2016, the overall survival rate of esophageal cancer in the whole population of Qidong has improved to a certain extent, but there is still a large room for improvement. More emphasis should be continued to strengthen on the early diagnosis and early treatment of esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Prognóstico , População Rural , Software
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1549-1553, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372742

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of low pathogenic H3, H4 and H6 subtypes of avian influenza viruses in environment related avian influenza viruses in China from 2014 to 2021. Methods: Surveillance sites were located in 31 provinces, autonomous region and municipalities to collect environmental samples related to avian influenza, detect the nucleic acid detection of influenza A virus, isolate virus, deeply sequence, analyze pathogenicity related molecular sites, and determine the distribution and variation characteristics of common H3, H4 and H6 subtypes of avian influenza virus in different regions, places and sample types. Results: A total of 388 645 samples were collected. The positive rate of low pathogenic H3 (0.56‰) and H6 (0.53‰) was higher than that of H4 (0.09‰). The positive rate of H4 subtype virus in live poultry market was higher than that in other places, and the difference was statistically significant. The positive rate of H3 and H6 subtypes in sewage samples was higher than that in other samples, and the difference was statistically significant. The positive rate of H3, H4 and H6 viruses in the south was higher than that in the north, and the difference was statistically significant. December was the most active time for virus. The analysis of pathogenicity related molecular sites showed that H3, H4 and H6 subtypes of viruses combined with avian influenza virus receptors, and some gene sites related to increased pathogenicity had mutations. Conclusion: The H3, H4 and H6 subtypes of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses have a high isolation positive rate in the live poultry market and sewage. The distribution of the three subtypes of viruses has obvious regional and seasonal characteristics, and the genetic characteristics still show the feature of low pathogenic avian influenza.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Aviária , Humanos , Animais , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Esgotos , Filogenia , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Aves Domésticas , China/epidemiologia
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1560-1564, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372744

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the policies and coverage of influenza vaccine during the influenza epidemic seasons of 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 in China. Methods: The national influenza vaccination policy and vaccination rate were investigated in counties and districts and described in the two epidemic seasons. Results: In the epidemic seasons of 2020-2021 and 2021-2022, the vaccination coverage of influenza in China was 3.16% and 2.47%, respectively. The free vaccination policy had the highest vaccination coverage (51.75% and 38.32%), followed by the medical insurance reimbursement policy (9.74% and 7.36%). During the epidemic season of 2021-2022, the number of counties and districts implementing the free vaccination policy in China decreased 61 compared with the previous year, but the number of people covered increased by 51.29%. However, the vaccination coverage of the vast population decreased significantly, with the medical staff (75.69% and 40.15% for two epidemic seasons), preschool children (58.86% and 26.15%), and the elderly (45.71% and 32.94%). During the epidemic season of 2021-2022, the number of counties and districts implementing the medical insurance reimbursement policy increased by 6 compared with the previous year, and the number of people covered increased by 11.12%, but the vaccination coverage decreased. Conclusion: The influenza vaccination rate in China is low, and the implementation of cost preferential policy can greatly improve the influenza vaccination rate.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Idoso , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Estações do Ano , Vacinação , China/epidemiologia , Políticas
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1630-1635, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372755

RESUMO

To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid to creatinine ratio (SUA/Cr) and metabolic syndrome (MS) and other indexes on physical examination population in Nantong area. Using the method of cross-sectional study, 8 148 physical examiners in the physical examination center of the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2017 to April 2020 were used as the research objects, and the clinical data and serum biochemical indicators such as smoking and alcohol addiction, physical examination and so on were collected. According to the standard diagnosis of MS of Diabetes Society of Chinese Medical Association, the patients were grouped according to the quartile of SUA/Cr and the clinical data of each group were compared. Pearson correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to explore the correlation between SUA/Cr and clinical indicators and the relationship between SUA/Cr and the risk of MS. The results showed that UA and SUA/Cr were the lowest in normal metabolism group, followed by abnormal metabolism group and the highest in MS group, The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (H=919.21 and 629.34, P<0.001). According to the SUA/Cr quartile, the population was divided into four groups. After adjusting for gender, age, smoking history and drinking history, SUA/Cr in group Q1 was positively correlated with BMI and TG (r=0.061 and 0.080, P<0.05), but negatively correlated with HDL-C (r=-0.057, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression results showed that after adjusting for age, sex, smoking history and drinking history, the risk of MS for BMI, SBP, DBP, FBG, TG, HDL-C and SUA/Cr [OR (95%CI)] were: 1.44 (1.41-1.47), 1.07 (1.06-1.07), 1.10 (1.10-1.11), 1.83 (1.73-1.92), 1.89 (1.79-1.99), 0.08 (0.06-0.10) and 1.54 (1.47-1.62). Compared with SUA/Cr group Q1, the risk of MS in group Q2, Q3 and Q4 increased by 75%, 162% and 346%, respectively. In conclusion, there was an independent positive correlation between SUA/Cr and MS risk in Nantong area.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Creatinina , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Transversais , Exame Físico , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221132213, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366779

RESUMO

Abnormal stress loading has been considered a major contributor to the initiation of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA), but studies to date have not identified a functional molecule that transforms physical stress into biological or biochemical signaling in chondrocytes in response to excessive mechanical stress. Ras-related protein Rap-2a (RAP2A) is reportedly a molecular switch that relays extracellular matrix rigidity signals via the Hippo/Yes-associated protein (YAP) pathway. In the present study, RAP2A diminished with cartilage degradation in unilateral anterior crossbite-induced TMJOA mice, as well as severe cartilage matrix degeneration and TMJOA formation in Cre-loxP-mediated conditional RAP2A knockout mice. RAP2A in chondrocytes regulated the Hippo/YAP pathway directly in response to matrix stiffness, and RAP2A/Hippo/YAP was critical for a chondrocyte phenotype switch and matrix synthesis function. Loss of RAP2A impaired cartilage homeostasis and altered chondrocyte phenotype via Hippo/YAP/SRY-box transcription factor 9 signaling. It may be possible to generate therapeutic strategies using RAP2A or YAP to attenuate the TMJOA pathological process at an early stage. This is the first study to reveal the molecular function of RAP2A in TMJOA progression as a mechanotransduction molecule in condylar chondrocytes.

15.
BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil ; 14(1): 195, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise can improve cognitive function. The impact of acute exercise on cognition is related to exercise intensity. This study aimed to explore whether normal walking had a beneficial effect on cognition. METHODS: Compared with standing still, thirty healthy young men walked on a treadmill at a normal pace, and completed the Stroop test. Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to monitor the hemodynamic changes of the prefrontal cortex during the entire experiment. RESULTS: Studies showed that normal walking did not stimulate higher average cerebral oxygen in the PFC, but the peak cerebral oxygen in cognitive tests during walking was higher (Stroop Word: 2.56 ± 0.43 and 3.80 ± 0.50, P < 0.01, Stroop Color: 2.50 ± 0.37 and 3.66 ± 0.59, P < 0.05, Stroop Color-Word: 4.13 ± 0.55 and 5.25 ± 0.66, P < 0.01, respectively), and better results were achieved in the Stroop Color-Word test, which was reflected in faster reaction times (49.18 ± 1.68 s, 56.92 ± 2.29 s, respectively, P < 0.001) and higher accuracies (46.19 ± 0.69, 44.15 ± 0.91, respectively, P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: For healthy young people, even a normal walk is therefore good for cognition.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(43): 3457-3462, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396362

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of reducing the iodine delivery rate (IDR) of coronary CT angiography(CCTA)with 100 kVp to 60% of 120 kVp standard. Methods: A total of 205 patients (105 males and 100 females, aged from 23 to 87 years) underwent CCTA due to suspected coronary artery disease in Department of Radiology of Peking University Third Hospital from February to July 2022 were enrolled. Those patients were divided into five subgroups according to their body weight: <50 kg, 50 to 59 kg, 60 to 69 kg, 70 to 79 kg and ≥ 80 kg, respectively. All the cases were scanned with 100 kVp tube voltage and combined with mixed iterative reconstruction technology KARL 3D. The IDR injection protocol was set to 60% of the 120 kVp IDR standard (10% lower than the guideline), and the IDR of each group was 0.9, 1.0, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.4 gI/s, respectively. The CT attenuations (CT value) and noise (SD value) of the aortic root, proximal left anterior descending branch and the distal segments of the right coronary artery, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast noise ratio (CNR) of proximal left anterior descending branch and the distal segments of the right coronary artery, the whole subjective image quality scores of the coronary artery, and effective dose (ED) of CCTA in the five groups were compared. The One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-walls test was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in CT attenuations and noise of aortic root, proximal left anterior descending and the distal segments of the right coronary artery, SNR and CNR of proximal left anterior descending branch and the distal segments of the right coronary artery, and subjective image quality scores among the five groups (all P>0.05). The difference of the dosage of contrast medium and ED among the five groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The dosage of contrast medium in the five groups were 30, 34, 38, 43 and 48 ml, and the ED in the five groups was 2.24 (1.88, 2.56), 2.62 (2.24, 3.17), 2.70 (2.48, 3.20), 4.13 (3.85, 4.40) and 4.44 (4.01, 5.02) mSv, respectively. Conclusion: It is feasible to reduce the IDR injection protocol of coronary CT angiography with 100 kVp to 60% of the standard injection protocol with 120 kVp, which is worthy of promotion.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Iodo , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Doses de Radiação , Meios de Contraste , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334944

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the value of amide proton transfer weighted (APTw) imaging and R2∗ mapping of cystic fluid in differentiating ovarian endometriotic cysts (OE) from other ovarian cystic (OOC) lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 patients who underwent 3 T pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were enrolled. Nineteen lesions were OE and 27 lesions were OOC. The APTw imaging and R2∗ values of the cystic fluid were measured and compared between the two groups using the independent sample t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of different parameters. The area under ROC curves (AUCs) was compared using the Delong test. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between APTw imaging and R2∗ values. RESULTS: APTw imaging values of OE were lower, while R2∗ values were higher in OE than those in OOC (p=0.001 and < 0.001). The AUCs of APTw imaging and R2∗ values to identify OE from OOC were 0.910 and 0.975. The AUC increased to 0.990 when combining APTw imaging and R2∗ values, yet without a significant difference to the APTw imaging or R2∗ value alone (p=0.229 and 0.082, respectively). APTw imaging values were negatively correlated with R2∗ values (r=-0.522, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Both APTw imaging and R2∗ values of OE are significantly different from other ovarian cystic lesions. APTw imaging combined with R2∗ values show excellent diagnostic efficacy to differentiate between OE and OOC.

19.
JDS Commun ; 3(2): 132-137, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339742

RESUMO

We describe a novel approach for analyzing thermal images by way of radiomics (i.e., thermal radiomics) and how it can be used to monitor short-term temperature changes of dairy cow hind teats; that is, delta thermal radiomics. The heat generated from metabolic activities and blood-flow patterns can be visualized using thermal radiography of the skin surface. The hind teats from 25 dairy cows were imaged with a digital thermal camera and the images were converted to medical images (DICOM format) by mapping the multi-channel colorized thermal image to a monochromatic image whose intensities represent temperature. The 50 teats (left and right hind) were then manually segmented by 2 investigators. Radiomics analysis, which is a common method of extracting semantic and nonsemantic image biomarkers from medical images for machine learning, was performed. To evaluate whether this approach can detect pre- and postmilking differences, 18 cows were imaged before and after milking, the teats were manually segmented, and radiomic calculations were performed. Student's t-test was used to provide an estimate of the likelihood of whether postmilking thermal image biomarkers are the same as premilking thermal image biomarkers, and Cohen's d was used to evaluate the size of the effect (d > 1.2). To evaluate uncertainties from manual segmentation, the Dice similarity score (DS) between the 2 investigators' segments was computed. The average DS (95% confidence limit) was 0.952 (0.913-0.982) when comparing the 2 investigators' segmentations. There was no significant difference in DS when comparing the left and right segmented teats, suggesting that teats can be segmented consistently. No differences (d < 0.36) were observed when comparing image biomarkers from one investigator's segments with the other's, suggesting that image biomarkers computed from one investigator's segmentation of teats are not likely to differ from those computed from the other investigator. When comparing image biomarkers before and after milking, 109 image biomarkers were analyzed, and 17 image biomarkers were simultaneously significant and exhibited effect size. Thus, delta thermal radiomics offers a noninvasive and quantitative method of monitoring skin temperature changes in humans and animals after an intervention. The advantage of this approach is that it can reveal both perceptible and imperceptible surface temperature features that may be useful for detecting and managing dairy teat health.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(21): 7732, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394719

RESUMO

The article "Knockdown of long non-coding RNA LUCAT1 reverses high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury via targeting CYP11B2, by Y. Yin, Z.-F. Yang, X.-H. Li, L.-Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Zhang, B. Yang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (19): 8560-8565-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201910_19171-PMID: 31646588" has been retracted by the authors as they cannot ensure the reproducibility of the data. The third party who provided some data turned out to be unreliable. The same manuscript was also questioned on PubPeer after publication. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/19171.

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