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1.
Environ Res ; 248: 118321, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metalloestrogens are metals and metalloid elements with estrogenic activity found everywhere. Their impact on human health is becoming more apparent as human activities increase. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies exploring the correlation between metalloestrogens (specifically As, Sb, Cr, Cd, Cu, Se, Hg) and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched to examine the link between metalloestrogens (As, Sb, Cr, Cd, Cu, Se, and Hg) and GDM until December 2023. Risk estimates were derived using random effects models. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on study countries, exposure sample, exposure assessment method, and detection methods. Sensitivity analyses and adjustments for publication bias were carried out to assess the strength of the findings. RESULTS: Out of the 389 articles identified initially, 350 met our criteria and 33 were included in the meta-analysis, involving 141,175 subjects (9450 cases, 131,725 controls). Arsenic, antimony, and copper exposure exhibited a potential increase in GDM risk to some extent (As: OR = 1.28, 95 % CI [1.08, 1.52]; Sb: OR = 1.73, 95 % CI [1.13, 2.65]; Cu: OR = 1.29, 95 % CI [1.02, 1.63]), although there is a high degree of heterogeneity (As: Q = 52.93, p < 0.05, I2 = 64.1 %; Sb: Q = 31.40, p < 0.05, I2 = 80.9 %; Cu: Q = 21.14, p < 0.05, I2 = 71.6 %). Conversely, selenium, cadmium, chromium, and mercury exposure did not exhibit any association with the risk of GDM in our study. DISCUSSION: Our research indicates that the existence of harmful metalloestrogens in the surroundings has a notable effect on the likelihood of GDM. Hence, we stress the significance of environmental elements in the development of GDM and the pressing need for relevant policies and measures.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 139, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CircRNAs are a class of noncoding RNAs with tissue- and development-specific expression characteristics. In many mammals, primordial follicle development begins in the embryonic stage. However, the study of circRNAs in primordial follicle development in mice has not been reported. RESULTS: In this study, ovaries were collected from mouse foetuses at 15.5 days post coitus (dpc) and 17.5 dpc, which are two key stages of primordial follicle development. A total of 4785 circRNAs were obtained by using RNA-seq. Of these, 83 differentially expressed circRNAs were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses showed that these differential circRNAs were mainly involved in the regulation of reproductive development. Through qRT-PCR, back-splice sequence detection and enzyme digestion protection experiments, we found that circ-009346, circ-014674, circ-017054 and circ-008296 were indeed circular. Furthermore, circ-009346, circ-014674 and circ-017054 were identified as three key circRNAs by analysing their expression in the ovaries of mice at different developmental stages. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network was constructed and validated for target miRNA and mRNA using qRT-PCR. The interacting genes circ-009346, circ-014674, and circ-017054 were subjected to KEGG enrichment analysis. We found that circ-014674 may participate in the assembly and reserve of primordial follicles through oestrogen and the Janus kinase (JAK) signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathway (JAK-SATA). Circ-009346 and circ-017054 may have similar functions and are involved in the activation and growth of primordial follicles through the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, three circRNAs associated with primordial follicle development were identified, and their potential mechanisms of regulating primordial follicle development were revealed. These findings will help us better understand the molecular mechanism of circRNAs in primordial follicles and provide important references and targets for the development of primordial follicles.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Circular , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Mensageiro , Mamíferos/genética
3.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 62, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) is the validated non-pharmacological treatment for chronic pain in pediatric patients. While some suggested CBT were comparable to the usual care in reducing children's functional abdominal pain. This meta-analysis was designed to systematically review the literature for RCTs that investigated the efficacy of CBT in children with functional abdominal pain (FAP). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library were searched for papers published up to October 2022. Studies applying different CBT delivery methods (in-person, web-based, phone-based) were included in this meta-analysis to evaluate the comprehensive effectiveness of CBT compared with usual care. Weighted and standardized mean difference with the 95% confidence intervals were used for the synthesis of the results. Primary outcome was the decrease of functional disability inventory (FDI) and the secondary outcomes were the decrease of severity in pain intensity, depression, anxiety, gastrointestinal symptoms, and improvement in physical quality of life (QoL). RESULTS: A total of 10 RCTs with 1187 children were included in the final analysis. The results showed that CBT resulted in better effect in reducing functional disability inventory (SMD=-2.282, 95%CI: -4.537 to -0.027, P = 0.047), pain intensity (SMD=-0.594, 95%CI: -1.147 to -0.040, P = 0.036), and improving QoL (SMD = 14.097, 95%CI: 0.901 to 27.292, P = 0.036) compared with the control groups. Comparable effects were observed in the severity of depression (SMD=-0.493, 95%CI: -1.594 to 0.608, P = 0.380), anxiety (SMD=-0.062, 95%CI: -0.640 to 0.517, P = 0.835), and gastrointestinal symptoms (SMD=-1.096 95%CI: -2.243 to 0.050, P = 0.061) between CBT and usual treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We observed the differences in post-treatment FAP and pain intensity for children receiving CBT compared with children receiving treatment as usual. CBT in the setting of FAP demonstrates promising developments and highlights the need for future research.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Dor Abdominal/terapia , Cognição
4.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 34(1): 010901, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361737

RESUMO

Introduction: Internal quality control (IQC) is a core pillar of laboratory quality control strategies. Internal quality control commercial materials lack the same characteristics as patient samples and IQC contributes to the costs of laboratory testing. Patient data-based quality control (PDB-QC) may be a valuable supplement to IQC; the smaller the biological variation, the stronger the ability to detect errors. Using the potassium concentration in serum as an example study compared error detection effectiveness between PDB-QC and IQC. Materials and methods: Serum potassium concentrations were measured by using an indirect ion-selective electrode method. For the training database, 23,772 patient-generated data and 366 IQC data from April 2022 to September 2022 were used; 15,351 patient-generated data and 246 IQC data from October 2022 to January 2023 were used as the testing database. For both PDB-QC and IQC, average values and standard deviations were calculated, and z-score charts were plotted for comparison purposes. Results: Five systematic and three random errors were detected using IQC. Nine systematic errors but no random errors were detected in PDB-QC. The PDB-QC showed systematic error warnings earlier than the IQC. Conclusions: The daily average value of patient-generated data was superior to IQC in terms of the efficiency and timeliness of detecting systematic errors but inferior to IQC in detecting random errors.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade
5.
Metabolism ; 154: 155817, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical trials and Mendelian randomization (MR) studies reported null effects of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which might have overlooked a nonlinear causal association. We aimed to investigate the dose-response relationship between circulating HDL-C concentrations and CVD in observational and MR frameworks. METHODS: We included 348,636 participants (52,919 CVD cases and 295,717 non-cases) of European ancestry with genetic data from the UK Biobank (UKB) and acquired genome-wide association summary data for HDL-C of Europeans from the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (GLGC). Observational analyses were conducted in the UKB. Stratified MR analyses were conducted combing genetic data for CVD from UKB and lipids from GLGC. RESULTS: Observational analyses showed L-shaped associations of HDL-C with CVD, with no further risk reduction when HDL-C levels exceeded 70 mg/dL. Multivariable MR analyses across entire distribution of HDL-C found no association of HDL-C with CVD, after control of the pleiotropic effect on other lipids and unmeasured pleiotropism. However, in stratified MR analyses, significant inverse associations of HDL-C with CVD were observed in the stratum of participants with HDL-C ≤ 50 mg/dL (odds ratio per unit increase, 0.86; 95 % confidence interval, 0.79-0.94), while null associations were observed in any stratum above 50 mg/dL. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a potentially causal inverse association of HDL-C at low levels with CVD risks. These findings advance our knowledge about the role of HDL as a potential target in CVD prevention and therapy.

6.
Poult Sci ; 103(4): 103493, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335674

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity of danofloxacin against Escherichia coli isolated from Gushi chickens, as well as the tissue distribution and residue depletion of danofloxacin in Gushi chickens following multiple oral administration. A total of 42 clinical E. coli strains were isolated from the cloaca of locally farmed Gushi chickens between August and October 2023. Then the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of danofloxacin against these isolates was determined by broth microdilution method. Additionally, 42 healthy Gushi chickens were randomly divided into 6 groups, and danofloxacin was orally administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight (BW) for 3 consecutive days. Plasma, intestinal content, and tissue samples, including muscle, skin + fat, liver, kidney, lung, and intestine, were collected at 4, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 120 h after the last administration. Danofloxacin concentrations in all samples were determined using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The average concentration vs. time data were then subjected to noncompartmental analysis using Phoenix software, and withdrawal periods for danofloxacin in Gushi chickens were further determined with WT1.4 software, setting a 95% confidence interval. Results indicated a notable inhibitory effect of danofloxacin on E. coli, with an MIC50 of 0.5 µg/mL. Additionally, danofloxacin exhibited widespread distribution in Gushi chickens, detectable in all collected samples. Among all tissues, the liver exhibited the highest concentration, followed by the intestine. Even on the fifth day postadministration, danofloxacin persisted in skin + fat, liver, and lung. The elimination half-lives (t1/2λzs) of danofloxacin varied across samples: skin + fat (47.87 h), lung (30.61 h), liver (22.07 h), plasma (16.05 h), muscle (12.53 h), intestine (9.83 h), and kidney (6.34 h). Considering residue depletion and the maximum residue limit (MRL) of danofloxacin in poultry set by Chinese regulatory authorities, withdrawal periods for the kidney, muscle, liver, and skin + fat were determined as 1.03, 1.38, 3.34, and 5.85 d, respectively, rounded to a final withdrawal time of 6 d.

7.
Mol Med ; 30(1): 25, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scleral extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling plays a crucial role in the development of myopia, particularly in ocular axial elongation. Thrombospondin-1 (THBS1), also known as TSP-1, is a significant cellular protein involved in matrix remodeling in various tissues. However, the specific role of THBS1 in myopia development remains unclear. METHOD: We employed the HumanNet database to predict genes related to myopic sclera remodeling, followed by screening and visualization of the predicted genes using bioinformatics tools. To investigate the potential target gene Thbs1, we utilized lens-induced myopia models in male C57BL/6J mice and performed Western blot analysis to detect the expression level of scleral THBS1 during myopia development. Additionally, we evaluated the effects of scleral THBS1 knockdown on myopia development through AAV sub-Tenon's injection. The refractive status and axial length were measured using a refractometer and SD-OCT system. RESULTS: During lens-induced myopia, THBS1 protein expression in the sclera was downregulated, particularly in the early stages of myopia induction. Moreover, the mice in the THBS1 knockdown group exhibited alterations in myopia development in both refraction and axial length changed compared to the control group. Western blotting analysis confirmed the effectiveness of AAV-mediated knockdown, demonstrating a decrease in COLA1 expression and an increase in MMP9 levels in the sclera. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that sclera THBS1 levels decreased during myopia development and subsequent THBS1 knockdown showed a decrease in scleral COLA1 expression. Taken together, these results suggest that THBS1 plays a role in maintaining the homeostasis of scleral extracellular matrix, and the reduction of THBS1 may promote the remodeling process and then affect ocular axial elongation during myopia progression.


Assuntos
Miopia , Esclera , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Esclera/metabolismo , Trombospondina 1/genética , Trombospondina 1/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miopia/genética , Miopia/metabolismo
8.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(3): 116, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361512

RESUMO

The expression of macrophage activation-specific factors in hyperplastic scar (HS) tissues during hyperplasia phase was detected by antibody array imprinted membrane method and the role of macrophage activation in the natural evolution of HS was explored. A total of 83 patients with HS admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Beihua University (Jilin, China) between February 2021 and July 2021 were enrolled. The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into the hyperplasia HS group (n=26) and the decline HS group (the HS tissues ceased to grow and were in regression periods; n=57) according to the time of scar formation and clinical characteristics. The HS tissues were collected from patients in both groups. The contents of IL-12, IL-10, VEGF and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were detected by antibody array imprinted membrane method and the contents of IL-12, IL-10, VEGF and bFGF in tissues with various groups of tissues and clinical features were compared. The connection between macrophage activation-specific factors with VEGF and bFGF was analyzed using Pearson correlation analysis. The contents of IL-10 (9.48±1.06), VEGF (24.15±2.64) and bFGF (37.48±2.56) were much lower and IL-12 levels (16.45±0.85) were strongly higher in hyperplasia HS group compared with those in the decline HS group (14.56±1.26 for IL-10, 27.85±2.63 for VEGF, 43.15±3.16 for bFGF and 10.46±0.75 for IL-12, P<0.001). In the hyperplasia HS group, the contents of IL-10, VEGF and bFGF were obviously higher and the IL-12 levels were markedly lower in patients with age ≥30 years, protuberance height <2 mm, soft flexibility, low hyperemia degree and no concomitant symptoms than those in the patients with age <30 years, protuberance height ≥2 mm, hard flexibility, high hyperemia degree and concomitant symptoms (P<0.001). Pearson correlation analysis showed that IL-12 was negatively correlated with VEGF and bFGF (r=-0.328, 0.600, P<0.01). IL-10 was positively correlated with VEGF and bFGF (r=0.486, 0.684, respectively, P<0.001). In conclusion, macrophage activation-specific factors were abnormally expressed in hyperplasia HS, mainly M1 macrophages, accompanied by severe inflammatory reaction. The transformation of M1 macrophage into M2 macrophage usually occurred during the declining HS phase, which accelerated scar formation by promoting the formation of fibroblasts and angiogenesis. Detection of macrophage activation-specific factors may contribute to evaluate the clinical stage of HS.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1347274, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362146

RESUMO

Sesamin (Ses) is a natural lignan abundantly present in sesame and sesame oil. Pyroptosis, a newly identified type of pro-inflammatory programmed necrosis, contributes to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) when hepatocyte pyroptosis is excessive. In this study, Ses treatment demonstrated an improvement in hepatic damage in mice with high-fat, high-cholesterol diet-induced NASH and palmitate (PA)-treated mouse primary hepatocytes. Notably, we discovered, for the first time, that Ses could alleviate hepatocyte pyroptosis both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, treatment with phorbol myristate acetate, a protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) agonist, increased PKCδ phosphorylation and attenuated the protective effects of Ses against pyroptosis in PA-treated mouse primary hepatocytes. Mechanistically, Ses treatment alleviated hepatocyte pyroptosis in NASH, which was associated with the regulation of the PKCδ/nod-like receptor family CARD domain-containing protein 4/caspase-1 axis. This study introduces a novel concept and target, suggesting the potential use of functional factors in food to alleviate liver damage caused by NASH.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(5): 056203, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364171

RESUMO

Friction is responsible for about one-third of the primary energy consumption in the world. So far, a thorough atomistic understanding of the frictional energy dissipation mechanisms is still lacking. The Amontons' law states that kinetic friction is independent of the sliding velocity while the Prandtl-Tomlinson model suggests that damping is proportional to the relative sliding velocity between two contacting objects. Through careful analysis of the energy dissipation process in atomic force microscopy measurements, here we propose that damping force is proportional to the tip oscillation speed induced by friction. It is shown that a physically well-founded damping term can better reproduce the multiple peaks in the velocity-dependent friction force observed in both experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. Importantly, the analysis gives a clear physical picture of the dynamics of energy dissipation in different friction phases, which provides insight into long-standing puzzles in sliding friction, such as velocity weakening and spring-stiffness-dependent friction.

11.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 251: 116113, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364328

RESUMO

Autophagy is an important physiological phenomenon in eukaryotes that helps maintain the cellular homeostasis. Autophagy is involved in the development of various cardiovascular diseases, affecting the maintenance of cardiac function and disease prognosis. Physiological levels of autophagy serve as a defense mechanism for cardiomyocytes against environmental stimuli, but an overabundance of autophagy may contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases. However, conventional biological methods are difficult to monitor the autophagy process in a dynamic and chronic manner. Here, we developed a cardiomyocyte-based biosensing platform that records electrophysiological evolutions in action potentials to reflect the degree of autophagy. Different concentrations of rapamycin-mediated autophagy were administrated in the culture environment to simulate the autophagy model. Moreover, the 3-methyladenine (3-MA)-mediated autophagy inhibition was also investigated the protection on the autophagy. The recorded action potentials can precisely reflect different degrees of autophagy. Our study confirms the possibility of visualizing and characterizing the process of cardiomyocyte autophagy using cardiomyocyte-based biosensing platform, allowing to monitor the whole autophagy process in a non-invasive, real-time, and continuous way. We believe it will pave a promising avenue to precisely study the autophagy-related cardiovascular diseases.

12.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 42: 100874, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357392

RESUMO

Background: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been inversely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but recent evidence suggests that extremely high levels of HDL-C are paradoxically related to increased CVD incidence and mortality. This study aimed to comprehensively examine the associations of HDL-C with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a Chinese population. Methods: The China Health Evaluation And risk Reduction through nationwide Teamwork (ChinaHEART) project included 3,397,547 participants aged 35-75 years with a median follow-up of 3.9 years. Baseline HDL-C levels were measured, and mortality data was ascertained from the National Mortality Surveillance System and Vital Registration of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Findings: This study found U-shaped associations of HDL-C with all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. When compared with the groups with the lowest risk, the adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) for HDL-C <30 mg/dL was 1.23 (1.17-1.29), 1.33 (1.23-1.45) and 1.18 (1.09-1.28) for all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality, respectively. For HDL-C >90 mg/dL, the corresponding HR (95% CIs) was 1.10 (1.05-1.15), 1.09 (1.01-1.18) and 1.11 (1.03-1.19). Similar U-shaped patterns were also found in associations of HDL-C with ischemic heart disease, ischemic stroke, and liver cancer. About 3.25% of all-cause mortality could be attributed to abnormal levels of HDL-C. The major contributor to mortality was ischemic heart disease (16.06 deaths per 100,000 persons, 95% UI: 10.30-22.67) for HDL-C <40 mg/dL and esophageal cancer (2.29 deaths per 100,000 persons, 95% UI: 0.57-4.77) for HDL-C >70 mg/dL. Interpretation: Both low and high HDL-C were associated with increased mortality risk. We recommended 50-79 mg/dL as the optimal range of HDL-C among Chinese adults. Individuals with dyslipidemia might benefit from proper management of both low and high HDL-C. Funding: The CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Science (2021-1-I2M-011), the National High Level Hospital Clinical Research Funding (2022-GSP-GG-4), the Ministry of Finance of China and National Health Commission of China, and the 111 Project from the Ministry of Education of China (B16005), the Program for Guangdong Introducing Innovative and Enterpreneurial Teams (2019ZT08Y481), Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen (SZSM201811096), the Young Talent Program of the Academician Fund, Fuwai Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shenzhen (YS-2022-006) and Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (2023A1515010076 & 2021A1515220173).

13.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 101: 117634, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359754

RESUMO

Synthesis and biological evaluation of a small, focused library of 1,3-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazin-6-ones for in vitro inhibitory activity against androgen-receptor-dependent (22Rv1) and androgen-receptor independent (PC3) castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells led to highly active compounds with in vitro IC50 values against 22Rv1 cells of <200 nM, and with apparent selectivity for this cell type over PC3 cells. From metabolic/PK evaluations of these compounds, a 3-benzyl-1-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl) derivative had superior properties and showed considerably stronger activity, by nearly an order of magnitude, against AR-dependent LNCaP and C4-2B cells compared to AR-independent DU145 cells. This lead compound decreased AR expression in a dose and time dependent manner and displayed promising therapeutic effects in a 22Rv1 CRPC xenograft mouse model. Computational target prediction and subsequent docking studies suggested three potential known prostate cancer targets: p38a MAPK, TGF-ß1, and HGFR/c-Met, with the latter case of c-Met appearing stronger, owing to close structural similarity of the lead compound to known pyridazin-3-one derivatives with potent c-Met inhibitory activity. RNA-seq analysis showed dramatic reduction of AR signalling pathway and/or target genes by the lead compound, subsequently confirmed by quantitative PCR analysis. The lead compound was highly inhibitory against HGF, the c-Met ligand, which fitted well with the computational target prediction and docking studies. These results suggest that this compound could be a promising starting point for the development of an effective therapy for the treatment of CRPC.

14.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e53654, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in China presents a significant public health concern. Traditional ultrasound, commonly used for fatty liver screening, often lacks the ability to accurately quantify steatosis, leading to insufficient follow-up for patients with moderate-to-severe steatosis. Transient elastography (TE) provides a more quantitative diagnosis of steatosis and fibrosis, closely aligning with biopsy results. Moreover, machine learning (ML) technology holds promise for developing more precise diagnostic models for NAFLD using a variety of laboratory indicators. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop a novel ML-based diagnostic model leveraging TE results for staging hepatic steatosis. The objective was to streamline the model's input features, creating a cost-effective and user-friendly tool to distinguish patients with NAFLD requiring follow-up. This innovative approach merges TE and ML to enhance diagnostic accuracy and efficiency in NAFLD assessment. METHODS: The study involved a comprehensive analysis of health examination records from Suzhou Municipal Hospital, spanning from March to May 2023. Patient data and questionnaire responses were meticulously inputted into Microsoft Excel 2019, followed by thorough data cleaning and model development using Python 3.7, with libraries scikit-learn and numpy to ensure data accuracy. A cohort comprising 978 residents with complete medical records and TE results was included for analysis. Various classification models, including logistic regression (LR), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), light gradient boosting machine (LightGBM), and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), were constructed and evaluated based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). RESULTS: Among the 916 patients included in the study, 273 were diagnosed with moderate-to-severe NAFLD. The concordance rate between traditional ultrasound and TE for detecting moderate-to-severe NAFLD was 84.6% (231/273). The AUROC values for the RF, LightGBM, XGBoost, SVM, KNN, and LR models were 0.91, 0.86, 0.83, 0.88, 0.77, and 0.81, respectively. These models achieved accuracy rates of 84%, 81%, 78%, 81%, 76%, and 77%, respectively. Notably, the RF model exhibited the best performance. A simplified RF model was developed with an AUROC of 0.88, featuring 62% sensitivity and 90% specificity. This simplified model used 6 key features: waist circumference, BMI, fasting plasma glucose, uric acid, total bilirubin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. This approach offers a cost-effective and user-friendly tool while streamlining feature acquisition for training purposes. CONCLUSIONS: The study introduces a groundbreaking, cost-effective ML algorithm that leverages health examination data for identifying moderate-to-severe NAFLD. This model has the potential to significantly impact public health by enabling targeted investigations and interventions for NAFLD. By integrating TE and ML technologies, the study showcases innovative approaches to advancing NAFLD diagnostics.

15.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1404, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360960

RESUMO

Multiple emulsions are usually stabilized by amphiphilic molecules that combine the chemical characteristics of the different phases in contact. When one phase is a liquid crystal (LC), the choice of stabilizer also determines its configuration, but conventional wisdom assumes that the orientational order of the LC has no impact on the stabilizer. Here we show that, for the case of amphiphilic polymer stabilizers, this impact can be considerable. The mode of interaction between stabilizer and LC changes if the latter is heated close to its isotropic state, initiating a feedback loop that reverberates on the LC in form of a complete structural rearrangement. We utilize this phenomenon to dynamically tune the configuration of cholesteric LC shells from one with radial helix and spherically symmetric Bragg diffraction to a focal conic domain configuration with highly complex optics. Moreover, we template photonic microparticles from the LC shells by photopolymerizing them into solids, retaining any selected LC-derived structure. Our study places LC emulsions in a new light, calling for a reevaluation of the behavior of stabilizer molecules in contact with long-range ordered phases, while also enabling highly interesting photonic elements with application opportunities across vast fields.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 2): 130203, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365147

RESUMO

To address the growing and urgent need for quick and accurate food spoilage detection systems as well as to reduce food resource wastage, recent research has focused on intelligent bio-labels using pH indicators. Accordingly, we developed a dual-channel intelligent label with colorimetric and fluorescent capabilities using black lycium anthocyanin (BLA) and 9,10-bis(2,2-dipyridylvinyl) anthracene (DSA4P) as colorimetric and fluorescent indicators within a composite film consisting of chitosan (Cs), whey protein (Wp), and sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP). The addition of STPP as a cross-linking agent significantly improved the hydrophobicity, mechanical properties, and thermal stability of the Cs/Wp composite films under low pH conditions. After the incorporation of BLA and DSA4P, the resulting dual-channel intelligent label (Cs/Wp/STPP/BLA/DSA4P) exhibited superior hydrophobicity, as indicated by a water contact angle of 78.03°. Additionally, it displayed enhanced mechanical properties, with a tensile strength (TS) of 3.04 MPa and an elongation at break (EAB) of 81.07 %, while maintaining a low transmittance of 28.48 % at 600 nm. After 25 days of burial in soil, the label was significantly degraded, which showcases its eco-friendly nature. Moreover, the label could visually detect color changes indicating volatile ammonia concentrations (25-25,000 ppm). The color of the label in daylight gradually shifted from brick-red to light-red, brownish-yellow, and finally light-green as the ammonia concentration increased. Correspondingly, its fluorescence transitioned from no fluorescence to green fluorescence with increasing ammonia concentration, gradually intensifying under 365-nm UV light. Furthermore, the label effectively monitored the freshness of shrimp stored at temperatures of 4 °C, 25 °C, and - 18 °C. Thus, the label developed in this study exhibits significant potential for enhancing food safety monitoring.

17.
Environ Int ; 185: 108489, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367553

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are environmental pollutants and can be inhaled by humans to threaten health. The lung tissue, responsible for the gas exchange between the body and the environment, is vulnerable to MPs exposure. However, from the perspective of cellular senescence, the effect of MPs on lung cells and tissues has not yet been deeply dissected. In this study, we reported that all the four typical MPs exhibited the significant biological effects in term of inducing senescence of human lung derived cells A549 and BEAS-2B in vitro. We further found that polyvinyl chloride (PVC) increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in A549 cells and that PVC-induced senescent characteristics could be largely reversed by antioxidant treatment. Importantly, intratracheal instillation of PVC MPs in mice could effectively impair their physical function, induce the increased systemic inflammation level, cause the accumulation of senescent cells. Our study demonstrates that MPs induce senescence in human lung epithelial cells and mouse lungs by activating ROS signaling, and provides new insight into the potential pathogenesis of MPs on lung diseases.

18.
Phytochemistry ; : 114011, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367793

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of the culture extract of an endophyte Xylaria curta YSJ-5 from Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt. et Smith resulted in the isolation of eight previously undescribed compounds including five eremophilane sesquiterpenes xylarcurenes A-E, one norsesquiterpene xylarcurene F, and two α-pyrone derivatives xylarpyrones A-B together with eight known related derivatives. Their chemical structures were extensively established based on the 1D and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis, modified Mosher's method, electronic circular dichroism calculations, single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments, and the comparison with previous literature data. All these compounds were tested for in vitro cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, α-glucosidase inhibitory, and antibacterial activities. As a result, 6-pentyl-4-methoxy-pyran-2-one was disclosed to display significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus with minimal inhibitory concentration value of 6.3 µg/mL.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 6825-6836, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301231

RESUMO

Herein, a flexible near-infrared (NIR) light-actuated photoelectrochemical (PEC) lab-on-paper device was constructed toward miRNA-122 detection, utilizing the combination of DNA-programmed NaYF4/Yb,Tm upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and the Z-scheme AgI/WO3 heterojunction grown in situ on gold nanoparticle-decorated 3D cellulose fibers. The UCNPs were employed as light transducers for converting NIR light into ultraviolet/visible (UV/vis) light to excite the nanojunction. The multiple diffraction of NaYF4/Yb,Tm matched the absorption band of the Z-scheme AgI/WO3 heterojunction, resulting in enhanced PEC photocurrent output. This prepared Z-scheme heterojunction effectively directed charge migration and highly facilitated the electron-hole pair separation. Target miRNA-122 activated the nonenzyme catalytic hairpin assembly signal amplification strategy, generating duplexes which caused the exfoliation of NaYF4/Yb,Tm UCNPs from the biosensor electrode and lowered the photocurrent under 980 nm irradiation. Under optimized circumstances, the proposed NIR-actuated PEC lab-on-paper device presented accurate miRNA-122 detection within a wide linear range of 10 fM-100 nM with a low limit of detection of 2.32 fM, providing a reliable strategy in the exploration of NIR-actuated PEC biosensors for low-cost, high-performance bioassay in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , Ouro , Raios Infravermelhos , DNA , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção
20.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(2): e14611, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353051

RESUMO

AIMS: Basolateral amygdala (BLA), as a center for stress responses and emotional regulation, is involved in visceral hypersensitivity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) induced by stress. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of EphB2 receptor (EphB2) in BLA and explore the underlying mechanisms in this process. METHODS: Visceral hypersensitivity was induced by water avoidance stress (WAS). Elevated plus maze test, forced swimming test, and sucrose preference test were applied to assess anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. Ibotenic acid or lentivirus was used to inactivate BLA in either the induction or maintenance stage of visceral hypersensitivity. The expression of protein was determined by quantitative PCR, immunofluorescence, and western blot. RESULTS: EphB2 expression was increased in BLA in WAS rats. Inactivation of BLA or downregulation of EphB2 in BLA failed to induce visceral hypersensitivity as well as anxiety-like behaviors. However, during the maintenance stage of visceral pain, visceral hypersensitivity was only partially relieved but anxiety-like behaviors were abolished by inactivation of BLA or downregulation of EphB2 in BLA. Chronic WAS increased the expression of EphB2, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), and postsynaptic density protein (PSD95) in BLA. Downregulation of EphB2 in BLA reduced NMDARs and PSD95 expression in WAS rats. However, activation of NMDARs after the knockdown of EphB2 expression still triggered visceral hypersensitivity and anxiety-like behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the results suggest that EphB2 in BLA plays an essential role in inducing visceral hypersensitivity. In the maintenance stage, the involvement of EphB2 is crucial but not sufficient. The increase in EphB2 induced by WAS may enhance synaptic plasticity in BLA through upregulating NMDARs, which results in IBS-like symptoms. These findings may give insight into the treatment of IBS and related psychological distress.


Assuntos
Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Dor Visceral , Ratos , Animais , Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala/metabolismo , Dor Visceral/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/metabolismo , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Receptor EphB2/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
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