Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.839
Filtrar
1.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(6): 71-75, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040788

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effect of latanoprost on the expression of TGF- ß1 and Wnt / ß - Catenin signal pathway in the choroid of form-deprivation myopia model rats. Forty rats were randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the FDM model group. Each group had 20 rats. The FDM model group was established by feeding latanoprost daily for 28 days. 15 rats in each group were used to measure the length of the ocular axis and the level of TGF-ß1 in choroidal tissue; the remaining 5 rats in each group were used for choroidal fibroblast culture. After modeling, the rats were killed, the length of the ocular axis was measured with a vernier caliper, and the level of TGF - ß1 protein and mRNA in the choroidal tissue of each group were measured with RT-PCR method. Results showed that compared with the control group, there was a significant difference in the axial length of the FDM model group (P< 0.05). There was a significant difference in the expression of TGF- ß1 protein and mRNA between the two groups (P<0.05). The cultured cells were identified as choroidal fibroblasts by immunocytochemistry. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the comparison of GSK3 ß protein in choroidal fibroblasts of rats in each group. TGF-ß 1 and APC protein in FDM group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), while dcl3, p21-gsk3 ß and ß - Catenin proteins were significantly higher (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the ratio of various indexes protein in FDM + ddk1 group and the comparison of TGF - ß1 and APC protein in FDM + ddk1 group and FDM group The expression of dcl3, p21-gsk3 ß and ß - Catenin decreased significantly (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of GSK3 ß mRNA in the choroidal fibroblasts of each group (P>0.05). The expression of TGF - ß 1 and APC mRNA in FDM group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), while the expression of dcl3, p21-gsk3 ß and ß-catenin mRNA in FDM + ddk1 group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) >In FDM + ddk1 group, TGF-ß 1 and APC mRNA were significantly lower than those in FDM group (P<0.05), while dcl3, p21-gsk3 ß and ß-Catenin mRNA were significantly higher (P<0.05).

2.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 37(1): 1174-1181, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043742

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the association of demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and the fear of the disease progression factors with the physical and mental summary components of the health-related of life (HRQoL) of the papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: 123 PTMC survivors undergoing RFA were enrolled in this study from October 2019 to March 2020. Demographic, clinical symptoms and the fear of the disease progression data were collected. SF-36, THYCA-QoL and FoP-Q-SF were used to evaluate the HRQoL of patients, clinical symptoms and the fear of disease progression. A multivariate regression model was performed to evaluate the association between the independent variable and the HRQoL variable. RESULTS: The average self-reported HRQoL score was 81.17 ± 15.48 for the PCS and 73.40 ± 18.03 for the MCS. The multivariate linear regression model shows that the factors related to a poorer PCS were dependent for the female patients, the symptoms of neuromuscular and the throat/mouth, the fear of disease progression; the psychological disorder, symptoms of throat/mouth, inability to concentrate were related to worse scores for the MCS. The condition that was most strongly related to a poorer HRQoL (in both PCS and MCS) was the fear of their physical health. CONCLUSIONS: The factors related to significantly worse HRQoL scores across PCS and MCS for PTMC survivors include the female gender, the symptoms of neuromuscular and the throat/mouth, the psychological disorder, inability to concentrate, and the fear of their own physical health. Identification, management, and prevention of these factors are critical to improving the HRQoL of patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044052

RESUMO

AIMS: Interleukin-35 (IL-35), a novel anti-inflammatory cytokine, has recently been implicated in tumor development, progression, and survival. However, the relationship between serum IL-35 levels and gastric cancer (GC) is inconclusive. Here, we performed this study to clarify the role of serum level of IL-35 in GC patients. METHODS: We enrolled 180 GC patients and 170 healthy controls and used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect serum IL-35 levels. The clinical relevance between IL-35 and clinical pathology parameters was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine the feasibility of IL-35 as a clinical biomarker. RESULTS: We observed that serum IL-35 levels were significantly higher in GC patients (17.559 ± 13.266 pg/mL) than in healthy controls (8.077 ± 3.801 pg/mL, P < .001). High serum IL-35 levels were significantly associated with clinical stage (P = .048) and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection (P < .001). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that patients in the high-IL-35 group had poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (median OS: 26.0 vs 36.0 months, P < .001; median PFS: 18.0 vs.26.0 months, P = .044). Multivariate analyses demonstrated that serum IL-35 was an independent prognostic factor for GC (OS: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.031 [95% CI, 1.017-1.045], P < .001; PFS: HR = 1.029 [95% CI, 1.015-1.043], P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: High serum IL-35 levels are associated with poor disease prognosis in GC patients, and it may be become a new and promising biomarker for prognosis of gastric cancer.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044933

RESUMO

We introduce a modeling tool which can evolve a set of 3D objects in a functionality-aware manner. Our goal is for the evolution to generate large and diverse sets of plausible 3D objects for data augmentation, constrained modeling, as well as open-ended exploration to possibly inspire new designs. Starting with an initial population of 3D objects belonging to one or more functional categories, we evolve the shapes through part re-combination to produce generations of hybrids or crossbreeds between parents from the heterogeneous shape collection. Evolutionary selection of offsprings is guided both by a functional plausibility score derived from functionality analysis of shapes in the initial population and user preference, as in a design gallery. Since cross-category hybridization may result in offsprings not belonging to any of the known functional categories, we develop a means for functionality partial matching to evaluate functional plausibility on partial shapes. We show a variety of plausible hybrid shapes generated by our functionality-aware model evolution, which can complement existing datasets as training data and boost the performance of contemporary data-driven segmentation schemes, especially in challenging cases.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047598

RESUMO

Despite huge promises, bioanalysis of protein biomarkers in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for clinical applications is still very challenging. Here, we describe a sensitive and robust LC-MS/MS assay to quantify clinical protein biomarkers in FFPE tumor sections using automated antipeptide antibody immunocapture followed by in-sample calibration curve (ISCC) strategy with multiple isotopologue reaction monitoring (MIRM) technique. ISCC approach with MIRM of stable isotopically labeled (SIL) peptides eliminated the need for authentic matrices for external calibration curves, overcame the matrix effects, and validated the quantification range in each individual sample. Specifically, after deparaffinization, rehydration, antigen retrieval, and homogenization, the protein analytes in FFPE tumor tissues were spiked with a known concentration of one SIL peptide for each analyte, followed by trypsin digestion and antipeptide immunocapture enrichment prior to MIRM-ISCC-based LC-MS/MS analysis. This approach has been successfully used for sensitive quantification of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in 15 representative FFPE tumor samples from lung, colorectal, and head and neck cancer patients. Except for one sample, PD-L1 and PD-1 in all samples were quantifiable using this assay with concentrations of 27.85-798.43 (amol/µg protein) for PD-L1 and 16.96-129.89 (amol/µg protein) for PD-1. These results were generally in agreement with the immunohistochemistry (IHC) data but with some exceptions. This approach demonstrated the feasibility to quantify low abundant protein biomarkers in FFPE tissues with improved sensitivity, specificity, and robustness and showed great potential as an orthogonal analytical approach to IHC for clinical applications.

6.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047954

RESUMO

Carbon content constitutes a major fraction of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) and directly influences the earth's climate and human health. The stable carbon isotope ratios (δ13C) can be used to track potential sources and atmospheric processes of carbonaceous aerosols. Previously, determination of δ13C was always conducted in offline carbonaceous aerosol samples. The poor time-resolution results cannot provide information regarding the temporal evolution of δ13C at a short-time scale. In this study, we developed a new system for online measurements of δ13C in atmospheric carbonaceous aerosols by combining a semicontinuous organic carbon/elemental carbon (OC/EC) analyzer and online cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) (OC/EC analyzer-CRDS). To provide better stability in the determination of δ13C, a carrier gas with CO2 (∼200 ppm) in "balance gas" was used, and Keeling analysis was employed to separate the δ13C signal of the sample from background CO2 gas. Our results showed that the accuracy and absolute precision of the δ13C measurements by the OC/EC analyzer-CRDS system were better than 0.1‰ and 0.5‰, respectively, for the samples containing carbon content more than 5 µg. Furthermore, we employed this system to monitor δ13C (δ13C-TC) in particulate total carbon (TC) with a time resolution of 2-4 h over Beijing in late summer and early autumn, 2019. During the sampling period, the TC concentrations varied from 0.1 to 12.0 µg m-3 with a mean value of 6.0 ± 2.4 µg m-3. The δ13C-TC ranged from -28.2 to -24.2‰ (mean value was -25.9 ± 0.9‰) without significant diurnal variations, suggesting similar contributing sources to TC. Comparing the δ13C signatures of different emissions, we found that liquid fuels and primary and secondary C3 plants were likely the dominant sources of particulate TC. Finally, we found that atmospheric heavy precipitation washed out the aged aerosols from the polluted air, resulting in significant depletion (∼2.4‰) of δ13C-TC in the atmosphere. This paper described a novel system for conducting online measurements of δ13C in atmospheric carbonaceous aerosols and provided us information to better understand the temporal evolution of emission sources and atmospheric processes of carbonaceous aerosols.

8.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 49, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054860

RESUMO

The effects of coronaviruses on the respiratory system are of great concern, but their effects on the digestive system receive much less attention. Coronaviruses that infect mammals have shown gastrointestinal pathogenicity and caused symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting. Available data have shown that human coronaviruses, including the newly emerged SARS-CoV-2, mainly infect the respiratory system and cause symptoms such as cough and fever, while they may generate gastrointestinal symptoms. However, there is little about the relation between coronavirus and digestive system. This review specifically addresses the effects of mammalian and human coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, on the digestive tract, helping to cope with the new virus infection-induced disease, COVID-19.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1516-1522, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term and long-term curative efficacy of low-intensity traditional chemotherapy regimen for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, non-M3) and related adverse reactions, in order to explore whether low-intensity traditional chemotherapy regimen still has application value in the treatment of elderly AML patients today. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, treatment response and prognosis of 67 elderly patients with AML (non-M3) admitted to our hospital from June 2008 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received low-intensity conventional chemotherapy (i.e. lower standard dose, and without new drugs listed in China since the 21st century), including DA, HA, CAG, etc. The CR rate, median survival time and 5-year cumulative survival rate of patients were evaluated, and the related indexes were compared with the data reported in domestic and foreign literatures at the same time. RESULTS: The CR rate was 55.2% (37/67), the median survival time was 13.7 months, and the 5-year cumulative survival rate was (24.4±6.3)% in patients received low-intensity tradional chemotherapeutic regimens. The CR rates of high-risk group and non-high-risk group were 38.7% (12/31) and 69.4% (25/36), respectively; the median survival time of high-risk group and non-high-risk group was 8.9 months and 25.2 months respectively; the 5-year cumulative survival rate of high-risk group was (10.2±6.6)% and that of non-high-risk group was (36.0± 9.4)%. Compared with the data reported in the literature at the same time, the data obtained from the low-intensity traditional chemotherapy regimen for the elderly AML did not have an obvious disadvantage, morever had relatively short bone marrow suppression time, low induction early mortality rate and low incidence of severe infection. CONCLUSION: At present, the low-intensity traditional chemotherapy regimen still has good curative effect and survival advantages for elderly AML patients, especially for non-high-risk patients. The adverse reactions are controllable, and the physical and economic conditions of the vast majority of patients can bear the treatment regimen.


Assuntos
Citarabina , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , China , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082818

RESUMO

Background: Acupuncture at Zusanli (ST36), Quchi (LI11), and Tianshu (ST25) is commonly used in septic patients by traditional Chinese physicians. The protective effect of acupuncture at ST36 on the intestinal barrier is associated with Cholinergic Anti-Inflammatory Pathway (CAIP). However, its detailed mechanism and whether acupuncture at LI11 and ST25 have similar effects to ST36 remain unclear. Aim: To explore the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36, LI11, and ST25 on septic rats and investigate the role of the spleen in the treatment of EA at ST36. Methods: A septic rat model caused by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and a postsplenectomy (SPX) CLP rat model were established. Rats were divided into nine groups depending on different treatments. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-10, D-lactic acidosis (D-LA), double amine oxidase (DAO), and T-lymphocyte subgroup level in intestinal lymph nodes were compared. Results: EA could not improve the 2-day survival of CLP rats. For CLP rats, EA at ST36 and LI11 significantly decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-10, DAO, and D-LA in serum and normalized intestinal T-cell immunity. For SPX CLP rats, EA at ST36 failed to reduce serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-10, and D-LA but increased the values of CD3+CD4+/CD3+CD8+ cells and Treg/Th17 cells. Conclusions: EA at ST36 and LI11, respectively, could alleviate inflammation reaction, protect the intestinal barrier, and maintain intestinal T-cell function in septic rats. Spleen participated in the protective effect of EA at ST36 in sepsis.

11.
PeerJ ; 8: e10120, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083145

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD), a major cause of lower back pain, has multiple contributing factors including genetics, environment, age, and loading history. Bioinformatics analysis has been extensively used to identify diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for IDD diagnosis and treatment. However, multiple microarray dataset analysis and machine learning methods have not been integrated. In this study, we downloaded the mRNA, microRNA (miRNA), long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), and circular RNA (circRNA) expression profiles (GSE34095, GSE15227, GSE63492 GSE116726, GSE56081 and GSE67566) associated with IDD from the GEO database. Using differential expression analysis and recursive feature elimination, we extracted four optimal feature genes. We then used the support vector machine (SVM) to make a classification model with the four optimal feature genes. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the model's performance, and the expression profiles (GSE63492, GSE116726, GSE56081, and GSE67566) were used to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network and explore the underlying mechanisms of the feature genes. We found that three miRNAs (hsa-miR-4728-5p, hsa-miR-5196-5p, and hsa-miR-185-5p) and three circRNAs (hsa_circRNA_100723, hsa_circRNA_104471, and hsa_circRNA_100750) were important regulators with more interactions than the other RNAs across the whole network. The expression level analysis of the three datasets revealed that BCAS4 and SCRG1 were key genes involved in IDD development. Ultimately, our study proposes a novel approach to determining reliable and effective targets in IDD diagnosis and treatment.

12.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(19): 4380-4387, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is not known whether percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) has the same treatment efficacy and fewer complications than laparoscopic resection in patients with small centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AIM: To compare the effectiveness of PRFA with classical laparoscopic resection in patients with small HCC and document the safety parameters. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 85 patients treated with hepatic resection (HR) and 90 PRFA-treated patients were enrolled in our hospital from July 2016 to July 2019. Treatment outcomes, including major complications and survival data, were evaluated. RESULTS: The results showed that minor differences existed in the baseline characteristics between the patients in the two groups. PRFA significantly increased cumulative recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio 1.048, 95%CI: 0.265-3.268) and overall survival (hazard ratio 0.126, 95%CI: 0.025-0.973); PRFA had a lower rate of major complications than HR (7.78% vs 20.0%, P < 0.05), and hospital stay was shorter in the PRFA group than in the HR group (7.8 ± 0.2 d vs 9.5 ± 0.3 d, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Based on the data obtained, we conclude that PRFA was superior to HR and may reduce complications and hospital stay in patients with small HCC.

13.
Chemistry ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084132

RESUMO

Developing high-efficiency bifunctional electrocatalysts toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline surroundings is essential and challenging for generating clean hydrogen massively. Herein, a novel self-assembly two-dimensional (2D) NiO/CeO2 heterostructure (HS) consisted of NiO and CeO2 nanocrystals has been firstly prepared via a facile two-step approach and utilized as an enhanced bifunctional electrocatalyst for HER and OER under alkaline condition. It is concluded that 2D NiO/CeO2 HS rich in oxygen vacancies demonstrates attractive electrocatalytic properties for both HER and OER in 1 M KOH, including low onset overpotential (η1), η10 and Tafel slope, excellent durability as well as large active surface area. Owing to this, the self-assembly 2D NiO/CeO2 HS is believed to be an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst toward HER and OER.

14.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084718

RESUMO

As an autophagic adaptor, p62 specifically targets ubiquitinated proteins to an autophagosome for lysosomal degradation through a critical ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain. Recent research studies reported that the Ser403 and Ser407 sites on the UBA domain were modified by phosphorylation, increasing the binding affinity between p62 and ubiquitin (Ub). However, the exact role of each phosphorylation site in the regulation of the UBA domain and Ub binding remains unclear. In this text, we applied total chemical synthesis to prepare four types of phosphorylated UBAs, among which the bisphosphorylated UBA was successfully synthesized via the pseudo-dipeptide unit and auxiliary-mediated hydrazide-based native chemical ligation (NCL). Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) assays showed that the phosphorylation at S407 enhanced the binding affinity between UBA and Ub, while that at S403 did not. It was suggested that phosphorylation at S407 might be important for promoting the interplay between the UBA domain and Ub, whereas phosphorylation at S403 was not directly involved in this interaction.

15.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 49, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-874097

RESUMO

The effects of coronaviruses on the respiratory system are of great concern, but their effects on the digestive system receive much less attention. Coronaviruses that infect mammals have shown gastrointestinal pathogenicity and caused symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting. Available data have shown that human coronaviruses, including the newly emerged SARS-CoV-2, mainly infect the respiratory system and cause symptoms such as cough and fever, while they may generate gastrointestinal symptoms. However, there is little about the relation between coronavirus and digestive system. This review specifically addresses the effects of mammalian and human coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, on the digestive tract, helping to cope with the new virus infection-induced disease, COVID-19.

16.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000522

RESUMO

Whole-genome duplication (WGD), contributing to evolutionary diversity and environmental adaptability, has been observed across a wide variety of eukaryotic groups, but not in molluscs. Molluscs are the second largest animal phylum in terms of species numbers, and among the organisms that have successfully adapted to the nonmarine realm through aquatic-terrestrial (A-T) transition. We assembled a chromosome-level reference genome for Achatina immaculata, a globally invasive species, and compared the genomes of two giant African snails (A. immaculata and Achatina fulica) to other available mollusc genomes. Macrosynteny, colinearity blocks, Ks peak and Hox gene clusters collectively suggested a WGD event in the two snails. The estimated WGD timing (~70 million years ago) was close to the speciation age of the Sigmurethra-Orthurethra (within Stylommatophora) lineage and the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) mass extinction, indicating that the WGD may have been a common event shared by all Sigmurethra-Orthurethra species and conferred ecological adaptability allowing survival after the K-T extinction event. Furthermore, the adaptive mechanism of WGD in terrestrial ecosystems was confirmed by the presence of gene families related to the respiration, aestivation and immune defence. Several mucus-related gene families expanded early in the Stylommatophora lineage, and the haemocyanin and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase families doubled during WGD, and zinc metalloproteinase genes were highly tandemly duplicated after WGD. This evidence suggests that although WGD may not have been the direct driver of the A-T transition, it played an important part in the terrestrial adaptation of giant African snails.

17.
J Biomech ; 112: 110055, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039923

RESUMO

Assessing the biomechanical properties of the cornea in vivo is important for predicting the outcome of refractive surgery, and for controlling the risk of postoperative complications. In this study, we examined the impact of corneal mechanical properties (nonlinearity and anisotropy) on the inverse solution of corneal material parameters based on the non-contact tonometry ("air puff") test. Finite element models with different constitutive models (linear-elastic, isotropic hyperelastic, and fiber-dependent) were established to simulate the non-contact tonometry test. The results showed that the corneal nonlinear mechanical property and fiber distribution had significant effects on the corneal deflection profile. These findings may help in constructing an appropriate inverse solution strategy when using the inverse finite element method and in identifying individual differences in the corneal matrix shear modulus and fiber stiffness.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 59(20): 15355-15364, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001637

RESUMO

A novel organic-inorganic hybrid cerium-encapsulated selenotungstate comprising three polyoxotungstate building units Na16H6{[Ce3W4O10(H2O)9(CH3COO)3]2(Se2W7O30)(B-α-SeW9O33)4}·(C5H8NBO3)·119H2O (1) was synthesized by the portfolio approach of an in situ self-assembly reaction and step-by-step synthesis. The hybrid polyoxoanion of 1 is constructed from an acetate-coordinated heterometallic {[(Ce3W4O10)(H2O)9(CH3COO)3]2(Se2W7O30)}10+ core encompassing four trilacunary [B-α-SeW9O33]8- subunits. Interestingly, the heterometallic core contains a remarkable [Se2W7O30]10- building block in which seven WVI atoms form a W7 plane and two SeIV atoms are situated on two opposite faces of the W7 plane. In addition, the electrochemical performances of the 1@CFMCN composite (CFMCN: carboxyl-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube) were investigated. The 1@CFMCN/GCE (GCE: glass carbon electrode) sensor demonstrates a promising potential in electrochemically sensing dopamine (DPA) or paracetamol (PCM) or even simultaneously detecting DPA and PCM with low limits of 0.053 µM for DPA and 2.03 µM for PCM over a wide linear range at high sensitivity.

19.
Chem Biol Interact ; 331: 109273, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002460

RESUMO

Artesunate is a kind of derivative of artemisinin, which possesses potent anti-cancer effect in addition to its anti-malarial property. And autophagy was a highly conserved process, exerting a double-edged effect in cancer cell survival. Besides, apoptosis is a programmed cell death program, crucial to cell homeostasis. However, the relations between autophagy and apoptosis, and the role of artesunate in this interaction have not been elucidated in bladder cancer. In present study, we used human bladder cancer cells (T24 and EJ cell lines) to investigate that how artesunate would influence autophagy and apoptosis processes. We found that artesunate could inhibit the viability, proliferation and migration of bladder cancer cells, as well as induce autophagy in a time and dose dependent manner, in addition, the artesunate induced autophagy subsequently activated cells apoptosis. Furthermore, we pretreated T24 and EJ cells with 3-Methyladenine or Rapamycin to inhibit or promote autophagy, respectively, leading to inhibited or increased apoptosis. Moreover, pretreatment of these cell lines with Acadesine or Dorsomorphin to activate or inhibit the AMPK-mTOR-ULK1 pathway, respectively, also resulting in promotion or suppression in both autophagy and apoptosis. In the upstream, ROS upregulation triggered by ART initiated AMPK-mTOR-ULK1 axis. However, this initiative effect of ROS can be reversed by N-Acetyl-l-cysteine. Therefore, this study indicated that Artesunate induces autophagy dependent apoptosis through upregulating ROS and activating AMPK-mTOR-ULK1 pathway in human bladder cancer cells.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142456, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017760

RESUMO

Field measurements were conducted near Qingdao Port to characterize the particulate air pollutants, assess the spatial and seasonal characteristics of the pollutants, and identify the contribution from ship traffic emissions. By utilizing multiple statistical methods and data collected at two sites in Qingdao, we comprehensively explored the PM2.5 seasonal characteristics and source apportionments of different PM2.5 constituents, especially those originating from ship emissions, and identified potential source regions for samples collected in Qingdao. In this study, 118 concurrent daily PM2.5 samples were collected from August 2018 to May 2019 at a port site (QH) and a coastal background site (BG). Vanadium (V) and Nickel (Ni) are the dominant metal elements from crude oil and crude oil combustion emissions. The significant correlations between V and Ni at both sampling sites, indicating that shipping emissions have a significant impact on the port and background area. Additionally, Ni and other metals showed significant correlations at the BG site, implying Ni also emission from the land-based oil at this site. The positive matrix factorization (PMF) model identified six main sources for the PM2.5 samples in Qingdao, and they are coal combustion, industrial emissions/mineral dust, marine vessel emissions, secondary aerosols/biomass burning, sea salt/crustal emissions, and vehicle exhaust, respectively. Marine vessel emissions were the dominant contributor to PM2.5 in Qingdao during the sampling periods (25.05%). The potential source contribution function (PSCF) analysis suggested that the Yellow Sea and Jiaodong Peninsula were the major sources regions for PM2.5 in Qingdao. The Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea were the potential source regions for shipping emissions in Qingdao. Therefore, efforts to control shipping emissions should be strengthened not only at the Qingdao Port but also in surrounding ports.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA