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1.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 91-96, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with comorbid anxiety symptoms showed obvious cognitive deficits. However, it remains unclear whether comorbid anxiety symptoms will make a specific contribution to cognitive deficits in MDD. METHODS: Executive function, processing speed, attention and memory were assessed in 162 MDD patients, and 142 healthy controls (HCs) by a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) was used for anxiety symptoms and MDD patients with HAM-A total score >14 were classified into MDD with comorbid anxiety (MDDA) group. A multivariate analysis of covariance and regression models was conducted to evaluate the effects of anxiety symptoms on cognitive deficits. RESULTS: There were no significantly differences in all 4 cognitive domains between MDD alone and MDDA patients (all p < 0.05). In MDDA subgroup, HAM-A total score contributed to executive function and memory (both p < 0.05), while HAM-A psychic symptoms contributed to all 4 domains (all p < 0.05). Moreover, after controlling for the severity of depression, either anxiety symptoms shown as HAMA total score or psychic anxiety symptoms only contributed significantly to the executive function performance. LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional design made it hard to acquire a cognitive performance trajectory accompanied by the fluctuations in anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that there is no significant difference in cognitive performance between MDD alone and MDDA patients. However, comorbid anxiety, especially psychic anxiety may contribute to extensive cognitive deficits in MDDA patients. Notably, anxiety symptoms only independently triggered executive dysfunction when eliminating effect of the severity of depression.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 334-341, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate mental and physical health comorbidity with chronic back or neck pain in the Chinese population, and assess the level of disability associated with chronic back or neck pain. METHODS: Data were derived from a large-scale and nationally representative community survey of adult respondents on mental health disorders in China (n = 28,140). Chronic back or neck pain, other chronic pain conditions and chronic physical conditions were assessed by self-report. Mental disorders were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Role disability during the past 30 days was assessed with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II). RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of chronic back or neck pain was 10.8%. Most of respondents with chronic back or neck pain (71.2%) reported at least one other comorbid condition, including other chronic pain conditions (53.4%), chronic physical conditions (37.9%), and mental disorders (23.9%). It was found by logistic regression that mood disorders (OR = 3.7, 95%CI:2.8-4.8) showed stronger association with chronic back or neck pain than anxiety disorders and substance disorders. Most common chronic pains and physical conditions were significantly associated with chronic back or neck pain. Chronic back or neck pain was associated with role disability after controlling for demographics and for comorbidities. Physical and mental comorbidities explained 0.7% of the association between chronic back or neck pain and role disability. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic back or neck pain and physical-mental comorbidity is very common in China and chronic back or neck pain may increase the likelihood of other physical and mental diseases. This presents a great challenge for both clinical treatment and public health education. We believe that further study needs to be conducted to improve the diagnostic and management skills for comorbidity conditions.

3.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 142-151, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell division cycle associated protein-3 (CDCA3) has been reported frequently upregulated in various cancers. It has been progressively realized that changed DNA methylations occur in diverse carcinomas. However, the concrete involvement of CDCA3 and DNA methylation in gastric cancer (GC) still needs to be further elucidated. METHODS: In this study, quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was utilized to determine the relative expressions of CDCA3 in GC and normal tissue samples. The methylation condition of CDCA3 was determined by bisulfite-sequencing PCR (BSP) and methylation-specific PCR (MSP). A chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay and luciferase activity assay was used for the interaction between transcription factors and promoters and binding site determination, respectively. The effects of knockdown or overexpression of specificity protein 1 (SP1) or CDCA3 on GC cells in vitro were further assessed via wound healing assay, colony formation assay, and matrigel invasion assay. RESULTS: In comparison to paired normal tissues, CDCA3 expressions were significantly increased in the GC tissues. The CDCA3 expression was regulated by DNA methylation, with the CpG island hypomethylation responsible for CDCA3 upregulation of GC. ChIP assays verified that the activity of SP1 binding to the CDCA3 promoter was dramatically increased. When the CDCA3 expression was downregulated in MKN45 cells by knockdown SP1, the proliferation ability, healing ability, and invasive ability were significantly suppressed. CONCLUSION: The process by which SP1 bound to the nearest promoter region was expedited in GC cells, by which DNA was hypomethylated and CDCA3 expression was promoted. The effect on cell proliferation and invasion by CDCA3 was under the regulation of SP1 and also affected by hypomethylation of DNA.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 120970, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465945

RESUMO

A series of Fe-V-Ti oxide catalysts were prepared by a co-precipitation method, among which the Fe0.1V0.1TiOx catalyst showed the optimal NH3-SCR performance and excellent SO2 resistance. Fe0.1V0.1TiOx achieved > 90% NOx conversion at 225-450 °C under a GHSV of 200,000 h-1. When introducing SO2 and H2O to the SCR reaction for 24 h, the NOx conversion maintained a level above 93% at 250 °C. The Raman and Mössbauer spectra showed that FeVO4 and Fe2O3 coexisted on the surface of TiO2. In Fe-V-Ti catalysts, the charge interaction between Fe2O3 and FeVO4 as well as the electronic inductive effect between Fe and V species resulted in the improvement of SCR activity and N2 selectivity at high temperatures. The NH3-SCR process on the Fe0.1V0.1TiOx catalyst mainly followed the Eley-Rideal (E-R) reaction mechanism with gaseous NO reacting with adsorbed NH3 adsorbed species.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 232-244, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190343

RESUMO

Diabetes is often accompanied by dysfunction of salivary glands. However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. The mechanisms that underlie diabetic hyposalivation were studied by db/db mice and SMG-C6 cells. We found morphological changes and decreased stimulated salivary flow rates of the submandibular gland (SMG) in diabetic mice. We observed structural changes and dysfunction of mitochondria. More mitophagosomes and higher expression of autophagy-related proteins were detected. Increased levels of proteins PINK1 and Parkin indicate that PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy was activated in diabetic SMG. Consistently, high glucose (HG) induced mitochondrial dysfunction and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy in cultivated SMG-C6 cells. HG also increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lessened activation of antioxidants in SMG-C6 cells. In addition, HG lowered ERK1/2 phosphorylation and HG-induced mitophagy was decreased after ERK1/2 was activated by LM22B-10. Altogether, these data suggest that ROS played a crucial role in diabetes-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy and ERK1/2 was required in HG-induced mitophagy in SMG.

6.
Food Chem ; 303: 125341, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442898

RESUMO

To find the determining factors for 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3-ADON) deacetylation during wheat-based food production, wheat flours with different heat treatments, different matrixes of the starch-gluten mixture, and different protein fractions (Osborne classification) were evaluated. The deacetylation behavior of 3-ADON was significantly suppressed for heat-treated wheat flours, indicating that heating induced change of the functional or chemical properties of wheat grain components, especially for proteins. Among the different matrixes, only 3% of the 3-ADON in starch was converted to DON, however, this value reached 60-75% for wheat flour. The results showed that proteins were responsible for the deacetylation of 3-ADON. After separation, only albumins mediated the deacetylation of 3-ADON into DON in four protein fractions. The proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS, and the results suggested that cytochrome P450, acetylesterase and histone deacetylase were the potential targeted enzymes that mediated the deacetylation of 3-ADON during dough preparation for wheat-based food production.


Assuntos
Pão/análise , Farinha/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Tricotecenos/química , Triticum/química , Água/química , Glutens/química , Solubilidade , Amido/química
7.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124607, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524603

RESUMO

A fluoride exposure mouse model is established to evaluate the relationship between mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes and renal dysfunction. Morphological changes in kidney tissues were observed. Renal function and cell proliferation in the kidneys were evaluated. The expression of mitochondrial fusion protein including mitofusin-1 (Mfn1) and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), and mitochondrial respiratory chain complex subunits, including NDUFV2, SDHA, CYC1 and COX Ⅳ, were detected via real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot, respectively. Results showed that the structures of renal tubule, renal glomerulus and renal papilla were seriously damaged. Renal function was impaired, and cell proliferation was remarkably inhibited by excessive fluoride in kidney. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Mfn1, OPA1, NDUFV2, CYC1 and COX Ⅳ were significantly increased after excessive fluoride exposure. However, the mRNA and protein expression of SDHA significantly decreased. Overall, our findings revealed that excessive fluoride can damage kidney structure, inhibit renal cell proliferation, interfere with the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes and elevate mitochondrial fusion. Consequently, renal function disorder occurred.

8.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124904, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to ambient levels of air pollution has been reported to adversely affect birth outcomes, yet few studies have investigated refined susceptible windows for adverse birth outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at estimating associations between maternal exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5; particles with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) and birth outcomes, including birth weight, low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB), and identify specific susceptible windows. METHODS: A total of 3692 singleton live births were enrolled between 2013 and 2016 in Shanghai Birth Cohort, China. Based on mothers' residential addresses, weekly mean concentrations of PM2.5 over gestation were estimated based on an incorporated evaluating approach combining satellite-based estimates and ground-level measurements. Distributed lag non-liner models (DLNMs) were fitted by incorporating with multiple liner models and Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate weekly-as well as trimester-exposure-lag-response associations between average PM2.5 level and birth weight, LBW and PTB, and to identify critical windows. RESULTS: In this study, gestational exposure to PM2.5 was associated with adverse birth outcomes in infants, and critical windows were identified as 31st-34th gestational weeks for reduced birth weight, 38th-42 nd weeks for LBW and 27th-30th weeks for PTB, respectively. Trimester-specific associations were found for all birth outcomes during the third trimester. CONCLUSIONS: Ambient PM2.5 exposure exhibited adverse impacts on multiple outcomes including reduced birth weight, LBW and PTB in the late pregnancy. The study provides further evidence supporting harmful effects of maternal PM2.5 exposure on birth outcomes and identifying critical windows.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 548-562, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232471

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence implies that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation participated in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer (GC). Here we synthetically analyzing the prognostic value and expression profile of seven m6A methylation-relevant genes through silico analysis of sequencing data downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, Kaplan-Meier plotter, and Gene Expression Omnibus database. We explored the methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) expression in GC cell line and tumor tissues by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The m6A methylation status of total RNA was measured by m6A RNA methylation quantification kit. Small interfering RNA was used to establish METTL3 knockdown cell lines. We also measure the proliferation and migration capability GC cell. Furthermore, we detect the epithelial cell mesenchymal transition marker and m6A methylation level after METTL3 knock down. Our result revealed that METTL3 was significantly increased in GC tissues compared with control in big crowd data sets. Survival analysis showed that METTL3 serve as a poor prognostic factor for GC patients. The expression level of METTL3 gradually increased with the progress of tumor stage and grade. GFI1 is an important transcription factor associated with METTL3. We verified the up-trend of METTL3 in messenger RNA and protein expression and observed a significant increase in the m6A methylation status of total RNA in the GC cells and tissues. METTL3 knockdown inhibited total RNA m6A methylation level, as well as cell proliferation and migration capacity. Moreover, METTL3 knockdown decreased α-smooth muscle actin. Taken together, our finding revealed that m6A methylation writer METTL3 serve as an oncogene in tumorigenesis of GC.

10.
J Med Virol ; 92(1): 96-106, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469179

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is one of the causes of gastric cancer (GC). Besides, previous studies have demonstrated that EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) influences the pathogenesis of EBV-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) through regulating several key pathways. In this study, the expression level of Smad2 was observed, which was reduced in EBVaGC cell lines, especially in the presence of LMP2A. Meanwhile, we found that LMP2A promoted the expression of miR-155-5p by activated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling. After being treated with NF-κB inhibitor (BAY 11-7082), miR-155-5p sharply decreased. Western blot analysis proved that the overexpression of miR-155-5p could inhibit Smad2. Functional studies showed that the role of miR-155-5p might lead to good prognosis in EBV-positive GC through promoting cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, as well as inhibiting tumor proliferation. In addition, p-Smad2 protein was also reduced or induced by overexpression or knockdown, respectively, of miR-155-5p. Immunofluorescence analysis further indicated that LMP2A prevented p-Smad2 from transferring to the nucleus, which played a crucial role in transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling. In summary, our findings confirmed the relationship between LMP2A and Smad2 and provided a potential regulation of the TGF-ß pathway in EBVaGC.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1025-1035, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240705

RESUMO

Cutaneous malignant melanoma (hereafter called melanoma) is one of the most aggressive cancers with increasing incidence and mortality rates worldwide. In this study, we performed a systematic investigation of the tumor microenvironmental and genetic factors associated with melanoma to identify prognostic biomarkers for melanoma. We calculated the immune and stromal scores of melanoma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) using the ESTIMATE algorithm and found that they were closely associated with patients' prognosis. Then the differentially expressed genes were obtained based on the immune and stromal scores, and prognostic immune-related genes further identified. Functional analysis and the protein-protein interaction network further revealed that these genes enriched in many immune-related biological processes. In addition, the abundance of six infiltrating immune cells was analyzed using prognostic immune-related genes by TIMER algorithm. The unsupervised clustering analysis using immune-cell proportions revealed eight clusters with distinct survival patterns, suggesting that dendritic cells were most abundant in the microenvironment and CD8+ T cells and neutrophils were significantly related to patients' prognosis. Finally, we validated these genes in three independent cohorts from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. In conclusion, this study comprehensively analyzed the tumor microenvironment and identified prognostic immune-related biomarkers for melanoma.

12.
J Proteomics ; 210: 103438, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271902

RESUMO

Sperm motility is crucial for ram fertility; however, differences in the proteome of sperm with high- and low- motility in rams (Ovis aries) has yet to be achieved. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify and characterize ram spermatozoa proteins with different abundances between high- and low- motility, and identify of proteomic markers for ram spermatozoa motility using tandem mass tag (TMT) protein labeling and LC-MS/MS. In this study, the abundance of 150 proteins in high-motility (HM) ram sperm was significantly different compared with low-motility (LM) sperm. Proteins involved in sperm motility, mitochondrial activity, and spermatogenesis showed higher abundance in HM ram spermatozoa; proteins involved in protein processing and spliceosome were more abundant in LM ram spermatozoa. In conclusion, Phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein 4 is a potential proteomic marker for ram sperm motility; CCTs/HSPs are hallmarks of the LM spermatozoa in rams. Our findings highlight the functional differences between HM and LM ejaculated spermatozoa and has identified candidate proteins of interest linked to sperm motility in rams. SIGNIFICANCE: Inadequate sperm motility is one of the most important reasons for male subfertility or infertility. In this study, we found that the abundance of 150 proteins in high-motility ram sperm was significantly different compared with low-motility sperm. Proteomic biomarkers were discovered to reflect the motility variation in ram spermatozoa; these biomarkers may assist in illuminating the molecular mechanisms underlying sperm motility. This study expands the potential direction for sperm quality screening and animal breeding.

13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2072-2078, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492214

RESUMO

Fluorescent organic dots have been widely utilized for various biological imaging. To obtain organic dots with high quantum yield (QY), different molecules with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) property and polymers with amphiphilic are used. By encapsulating AIE molecule 9,10-divinyl anthracene (DSA) with poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) and poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PSMA and PIMA), novel bright AIE organic dots were obtained. The prepared AIE organic dots (PSMA dots and PIMA dots) had uniform particle size distribution, spherical appearance and small particle size (about 23 nm). However, PSMA dots had higher QYs than PIMA dots, and reached about 28.9% when the mass ratio of PSMA:DSA was 1:1. After folic acid (FA) conjugating to the surface of the PSMA dots, FA-dots were obtained. FA-dots possessed uniform particle size, good optical properties, stability and biocompatibility. The FA-dots could mark the cells where folate receptors were over-expressing. In vitro cell experiment indicated that FA-dots could be endocytosed into Hela cells, and marked the cell with specific.

14.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2416-2422, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492256

RESUMO

In this paper, loofah sponge-based activated carbon (LAC) is prepared via loofah sponge as precursors and KOH as activator. N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the surface morphology and the structure of loofah sponge-based activated carbon. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge cycle and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were utilized to test electrochemical properties of loofah spongebased activated carbon. The results showed that loofah sponge-based activated carbon (LAC-700) prepared at 700 °C has the highest specific surface area (936 m²·g-1). The material delivers specific capacitance of 152.89 F·g-1 at the current density of 0.1 A·g-1, and specific capacitance of 116.69 F·g-1 at the current density of 5 A·g-1 in 30 wt% KOH aqueous electrolyte.

15.
Curr Opin Struct Biol ; 62: 14-21, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785465

RESUMO

Allosteric behavior is central to the function of many proteins, enabling molecular machinery, metabolism, signaling and regulation. Recent years have shown that the intrinsic dynamics of allosteric proteins defined by their 3-dimensional architecture or by the topology of inter-residue contacts favors cooperative motions that bear close similarity to structural changes they undergo during their allosteric actions. These conformational motions are usually driven by energetically favorable or soft modes at the low frequency end of the mode spectrum, and they are evolutionarily conserved among orthologs. These observations brought into light evolutionary adaptation mechanisms that help maintain, optimize or regulate allosteric behavior as the evolution from bacterial to higher organisms introduces sequential heterogeneities and structural complexities.

16.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795794

RESUMO

18F-FDG PET/CT is recommended for staging and response assessment in FDG-avid lymphomas, such as HL and DLBCL. But evidence of PET/CT regarding T-cell lymphomas (TCLs) was limited. In this retrospective study, we conducted survival analysis using interim PET/CT in 51 TCLs patients. PET/CT were reported using the Deauville 5-point score (DS) and the ΔSUVmax. In univariate analysis, I-PET/CT had a significant prognostic value of survival outcomes based on DS (p < .001 for progression-free survival (PFS), p = .010 for overall survival (OS)) and ΔSUVmax (p < .001 for PFS, p = .023 for OS). In multivariate analysis, DS remained a statistically independent predictor of PFS (p < .001) and OS (p = .017). ΔSUVmax remained a statistically independent predictor of PFS (p = .008), but not of OS (p = 0.311). Therefore, DS on I-PET/CT had a remarkable value of predicting survival outcomes in TCLs.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(22): 10610-10625, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785145

RESUMO

Proper activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated signaling and production of proinflammatory cytokines are critical for the initiation of innate immunity, while the specific mechanism maintaining inflammatory homeostasis remains mostly unknown. Here, we show that Ets2 is upregulated following LPS and VSV stimulation. Ets2 knockdown or knockout leads to increased IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-ß production in macrophages. Consistently, Ets2-deficient mice show exacerbated inflammatory cytokine production and are more susceptible to CLP-induced sepsis. Mechanistically, Ets2 inhibits the LPS- and VSV-induced activation of ERK1/2, JNK, p38, and p65. Ets2 also binds to the promoter of IL-6 to inhibit transcription. Collectively, the results of the present study show the negative regulatory role of Ets2 in LPS- and VSV-induced inflammation through the suppression of MAPK/NF-κB signaling, direct binding to the IL-6 promoter and inhibition of transcription.

18.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 82: 101933, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785412

RESUMO

This systematic review aims to summarize epigenome-wide studies on aberrant DNA methylation and its association with survival in patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. The 15 studies identified showed a large variety of methodological approaches for the identification of prognostic epigenetic markers from genome-wide methylation analyses. None of the findings were reported by more than one study in this systematic review. Further validation studies, a better reporting of methods and results are needed, as well as a clearer definition of investigated outcomes. At present, no conclusions can be drawn on the clinical relevance of the reported epigenetic markers.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800233

RESUMO

Sensitization with dyes is the most promising option to narrow the band gap and improve visible-light absorption of TiO2. As ideal structure and reaction models of TiO2, titanium oxo clusters (TOCs) with exact crystal structure are beneficial for further understanding the structure-property relationship of TiO2. Most reports mainly focus on the synthesis and properties of TOCs, but research on the band-gap tuning of TOCs at the large range of 3.7-2.0 eV by chromophore ligands (CLs) has been lacking. Herein, six new Ti6-core-based TOCs (Ti6-TOCs) were successfully synthesized by using CLs in a simple and general approach. Each Ti6-TOC structure contains two Ti3(µ3-O) units featuring a flat or pyramidal mode as building blocks. Five Ti6-core structure types were present among the six Ti6-TOCs, which enriched the family of hexanuclear TOCs. To be noted, the band-gap values were tuned at a wide range of 3.41-1.98 eV by controlling the type and number of the CLs 2-hydroxypyridine, salicylaldoxime, and catechol in the structure. Density functional theory calculation revealed that the lowest-energy bands of these Ti6-TOCs are attributed to the CL-to-TiO core charge-transfer bands. This work provides a precise and wide-ranged band-gap tuning method for TOCs. Additionally, the six Ti6-TOCs exhibit good photocurrent response.

20.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9245-9254, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Measles morbidity and mortality were significantly reduced after the measles vaccine was introduced in China in 1965. However, measles outbreaks easily occur in densely populated areas, especially where there is no universal vaccination. The outbreak that occurred in Shenzhen, the Chinese city with the largest internal immigration, provides a lesson in measles virus mutation and measles prevention. The present study is a phylogenetic analysis of measles viruses and comparison of clinical signs between individuals with and without vaccination. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed phylogenetic analysis of the nucleoprotein (N) genes of measles virus from 129 measles patients in Shenzhen from January 2015 to July 2019. Phylogenetic trees were constructed using the neighbor-joining method. RESULTS The phylogenetic analysis showed all viruses were classified into genotype H1. In addition, there is often a seasonal measles outbreak in July each year. The clinical data showed that patients who were unvaccinated were more likely to have coughing, chronic bronchitis, conjunctivitis, catarrh, Koplik spots, and diarrhea. Children of migrant workers and those living in mountainous and rural districts accounted for most measles cases. CONCLUSIONS Our results showed there was a seasonal measles outbreak in Shenzhen Children's Hospital. All the measles virus from 129 measles patients were H1 viruses. The clinical signs also showed a difference between unvaccinated and vaccinated patients. Moreover, most of the unvaccinated patients came from migrant worker families. We suggest there is a need for increased health promotion and vaccination programs for migrant workers and people living in remote villages.

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