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2.
FASEB J ; 35(7): e21711, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107098

RESUMO

Podocyte injury is a major determinant of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) and the identification of potential therapeutic targets for preventing podocyte injury has clinical importance for the treatment of FSGS. CLEC14A is a single-pass transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the vascular expressed C-type lectin family. CLEC14A is found to be expressed in vascular endothelial cells during embryogenesis and is also implicated in tumor angiogenesis. However, the current understanding of the biological functions of CLEC14A in podocyte is very limited. In this study, we found that CLEC14A was expressed in podocyte and protected against podocyte injury in mice with Adriamycin (ADR)-induced FSGS. First, we observed that CLEC14A was downregulated in mice with ADR nephropathy and renal biopsies from individuals with FSGS and other forms of podocytopathies. Moreover, CLEC14A deficiency exacerbated podocyte injury and proteinuria in mice with ADR nephropathy accompanied by enhanced inflammatory cell infiltration and inflammatory responses. In vitro, overexpression of CLEC14A in podocyte had pleiotropic protective actions, including anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects. Mechanistically, CLEC14A inhibited high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) release, at least in part by directly binding HMGB1, and suppressed HMGB1-mediated signaling, including NF-κB signaling and early growth response protein 1 (EGR1) signaling. Taken together, our findings provide new insights into the pivotal role of CLEC14A in maintaining podocyte function, indicating that CLEC14A may be an innovative therapeutic target in FSGS.

3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 633-40, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085480

RESUMO

Based on the modern anatomy and physiology, the referred pain of myofascial trigger points of each muscle is integrated; compared with the twelve meridians as well as conception vessel and governor vessel, the similarity of their position and running course is observed. With the current research progress of myofascial trigger points and fasciology, based on the running course of referred pain of trigger points, combined with fascia mechanics, nerve and vascular, the location of acupoints and meridians, as well as the relationship between acupoints and meridians, are discussed.


Assuntos
Meridianos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Músculos , Dor Referida , Pontos-Gatilho
4.
Front Immunol ; 12: 658681, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093546

RESUMO

Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) has been considered as a significant contributor in promoting colorectal carcinoma (CRC) development by suppressing host anti-tumor immunity. Recent studies demonstrated that the aggregation of M2 macrophage (Mφ) was involved in CRC progress driven by Fn infection. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly characterized. Here, we investigated the role of Fn in Mφ polarization as well as its effect on CRC malignancy. Fn infection facilitated differentiation of Mφ into the M2-like Mφ phenotype by in vitro study. Histological observation from Fn-positive CRC tissues confirmed the abundance of tumor-infiltrating M2-like Mφ. Fn-induced M2-like Mφ polarization was weakened once inhibiting a highly expressed damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule S100A9 mainly derived from Fn-challenged Mφ and CRC cells. In addition, Fn-challenged M2-like Mφ conferred CRC cells a more malignant phenotype, showing stronger proliferation and migration characteristics in vitro and significantly enhanced tumor growth in vivo, all of which were partially inhibited when S100A9 was lost. Mechanistic studies further demonstrated that activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway mediated Fn-induced S100A9 expression and subsequent M2-like Mφ activation. Collectively, these findings indicate that elevated S100A9 in Fn-infected CRC microenvironment participates in M2-like Mφ polarization, thereby facilitating CRC malignancy. Furthermore, targeting TLR4/NF-κB/S100A9 cascade may serve as promising immunotherapeutic strategy for Fn-associated CRC.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105073

RESUMO

The relationship between diabetes mellitus and short-term exposure to extreme temperatures remains controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the association between extreme temperatures and diabetes mellitus morbidity and mortality. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) were searched since inception to January 1, 2019, and updated on November 17, 2020. The results were combined using random effects model and reported as relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). In total, 32 studies met the inclusion criteria. (1) Both heat and cold exposures have impact on diabetes. (2) For heat exposure, the subgroup analysis revealed that the effect on diabetes mortality (RR=1.139, 95% CI: 1.089-1.192) was higher than morbidity (RR=1.012, 95% CI: 1.004-1.019). (3) With the increase of definition threshold, the impact of heat exposure on diabetes rose. (4) A stronger association between heat exposure and diabetes was observed in the elderly (≥ 60 years old) (RR=1.040, 95% CI: 1.017-1.064). In conclusion, short-term exposure to both heat and cold temperatures has impact on diabetes. The elderly is the vulnerable population of diabetes exposure to heat temperature. Developing definitions of heatwaves at the regional level are suggested.

6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1205-1216, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074193

RESUMO

In this paper, a set of 3-methylquniazolinone derivatives were designed, synthesised, and studied the preliminary structure-activity relationship for antiproliferative activities. All target compounds performed significantly inhibitory effects against wild type epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase (EGFRwt-TK) and tumour cells (A431, A549, MCF-7, and NCI-H1975). In particular, compound 4d 3-fluoro-N-(4-((3-methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)methoxy)phenyl)benzamide showed higher antiproliferative activities against all tumour cells than Gefitinib (IC50 of 3.48, 2.55, 0.87 and 6.42 µM, respectively). Furthermore, compound 4d could induce apoptosis of MCF-7 cells and arrest in G2/M phase at the tested concentration. Molecular docking and ADMET studies showed that compound 4d could closely form many hydrogen bonds with EGFRwt-TK. Therefore, compound 4d is potential to develop as novel anti-cancer drug.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(3): 735-740, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL), and to analyze the factors that affecting the survival and prognostic of patients treated with pegaspargase based chemotherapy. METHODS: The clinical data of 61 ENKL patients treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2015 to June 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics, survival rate and influencing factors of prognostic in patients were investigated. RESULTS: The male and female ratio in the whole group was 2.8∶1. The median age was 46 years old (range, 17-67 years old). 30 patients were in stage I/II, while 31 patients were in stage III/IV. The ratio of nasal and non-nasal type was 4.1∶1. The common sites of extranodal involvement were skin and subcutaneous tissue (26.2%), liver (14.8%), lung (13.1%) and gastrointestinal tract (13.1%). 9.8% of patients showed central nervous system involvement and 11.5% showed bone marrow involvement. The median follow-up time was 22 months (range, 1-53 months). The 2-year PFS and OS rates of patients in the whole group were 51.6% and 53.2%, respectively. The 2-year OS rate of patients at stage I/II was 87.5%, while that of patients at stage III/IV was only 21.2%, the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.0001). Patients with non-nasal type disease showed a higher proportion in adverse factors of prognosis, of whom the median OS was only 3 months. Multivariate analysis showed that age>60 years old and Ann Arbor stage III-IV were the independent adverse factors that affecting the prognosis of PFS and OS (HR=3.681, 95% CI 1.322-10.250; HR=4.611, 95% CI 1.118-19.009). CONCLUSION: The survival of ENKL patients has been significantly improved by pegaspargase based chemotherapy. Patients with stage I/II disease have achieved a relatively good 2-year OS rate of 87.5%, but the prognosis of stage III/IV and non-nasal type patients are still poor. Age>60 years old and Ann Arbor stage III/IV are independent adverse prognostic factors for ENKL patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Asparaginase , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Polietilenoglicóis , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(3): 998-1001, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105507

RESUMO

Acute intestinal graft-versus-host disease is a refractory disease which can affect implantation and become a threat to life in severe cases. Autophagy is an intracellular degradation pathway necessary for maintaining cellular energy homeostasis. In recent years, a large number of studies have found that it is closely related to the pathogenesis and process of acute intestinal graft-versus-host disease. The main mechanisms may involve that inflammatory factor storm after pretreatment and infusion of donor cells induces disordered intestinal immune tolerance, and abnormal oxidative stress damages intestinal mucosal barrier, leading to intestinal rejection of acute graft-versus-host disease via mTOR signal pathway of autophagy, disordered mitophagy and other related pathways.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Autofagia , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Estresse Oxidativo , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3541, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112790

RESUMO

Technical advancements significantly improve earlier diagnosis of cervical cancer, but accurate diagnosis is still difficult due to various factors. We develop an artificial intelligence assistive diagnostic solution, AIATBS, to improve cervical liquid-based thin-layer cell smear diagnosis according to clinical TBS criteria. We train AIATBS with >81,000 retrospective samples. It integrates YOLOv3 for target detection, Xception and Patch-based models to boost target classification, and U-net for nucleus segmentation. We integrate XGBoost and a logical decision tree with these models to optimize the parameters given by the learning process, and we develop a complete cervical liquid-based cytology smear TBS diagnostic system which also includes a quality control solution. We validate the optimized system with >34,000 multicenter prospective samples and achieve better sensitivity compared to senior cytologists, yet retain high specificity while achieving a speed of <180s/slide. Our system is adaptive to sample preparation using different standards, staining protocols and scanners.

10.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 717, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112917

RESUMO

Adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing, catalyzed by ADAR enzymes, is an essential post-transcriptional modification. Although hundreds of thousands of RNA editing sites have been reported in mammals, brain-wide analysis of the RNA editing in the mammalian brain remains rare. Here, a genome-wide RNA-editing investigation is performed in 119 samples, representing 30 anatomically defined subregions in the pig brain. We identify a total of 682,037 A-to-I RNA editing sites of which 97% are not identified before. Within the pig brain, cerebellum and olfactory bulb are regions with most edited transcripts. The editing level of sites residing in protein-coding regions are similar across brain regions, whereas region-distinct editing is observed in repetitive sequences. Highly edited conserved recoding events in pig and human brain are found in neurotransmitter receptors, demonstrating the evolutionary importance of RNA editing in neurotransmission functions. Although potential data biases caused by age, sex or health status are not considered, this study provides a rich resource to better understand the evolutionary importance of post-transcriptional RNA editing.

11.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114464

RESUMO

Zinc-blende CdS nanoplatelets with atomically flat and very large {100} basal planes terminated solely by one type of element (either Cd or S atoms) are synthesized. Optical spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption, and transmission electron microscopy confirm that the surface structures of newly developed S-terminated CdS nanoplatelets are at least as well-defined as the original Cd-terminated nanoplatelets. Band gaps of the nanoplatelets are found to depend on not only the quantum-confined dimension (thickness) but also the nature of the surface termination. The facet structure dictates the packing of the ligands (carboxylate for Cd-terminated nanoplatelets and alkyl for S-terminated nanoplatelets), which causes a difference in the lattice strain and significantly affects the optical spectral width. Experimental and theoretical results reveal that engineering the exciton spatial distribution by the tailored synthesis of semiconductor nanocrystals with a precisely controlled surface structure is fully possible, which should open a new door for delivering the long-promised potential of semiconductor nanocrystals.

12.
Circulation ; 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098726

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac hypertrophy is an important pre-pathology of heart failure, which will ultimately lead to heart failure. However, the mechanisms underlying pathological cardiac hypertrophy remain largely unknown. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effects and mechanisms of histidine triad nucleotide binding protein 1 (HINT1) in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Methods: HINT1 was down-regulated in human hypertrophic heart samples compared with non-hypertrophic samples by mass spectrometry analysis. Hint1 knockout mice were challenged with TAC (transverse aortic constriction) surgery. Cardiac specific overexpression of HINT1 mice by intravenous injection of adeno-associated viral (AAV9) encoding Hint1 under the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) promoter were subjected to TAC. Unbiased transcriptional analyses were used to identify the downstream targets of HINT1. AAV9 bearing shRNA against Homeobox A5 (Hoxa5) was administrated to investigate whether the effects of HINT1 on cardiac hypertrophy were HOXA5 dependent. RNA-Seq analysis was performed to recapitulate possible changes in transcriptome profile. Co-immunoprecipitation assays and cellular fractionation analyses were conducted to examine the mechanism by which HINT1 regulates the expression of HOXA5. Results: The reduction of HINT1 expression was observed in the hearts from hypertrophic patients and pressure overloaded-induced hypertrophic mice, respectively. In Hint1 deficient mice, cardiac hypertrophy was deteriorated after TAC. Conversely, cardiac specific overexpression of HINT1 alleviated cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction. Unbiased profiler PCR-array showed Homeobox A5 (HOXA5) is one target for HINT1, and the cardioprotective role of HINT1 was abolished by HOXA5 knockdown in vivo. Hoxa5 was identified to affect hypertrophy through TGF-ß signal pathway. Mechanically, HINT1 inhibited PKCß1 membrane translocation and phosphorylation via direct interaction, attenuating MEK/ERK/YY1 signal pathway, down-regulating HOXA5 expression and eventually attenuating cardiac hypertrophy. Conclusions: HINT1 protects against cardiac hypertrophy through suppressing HOXA5 expression. These findings indicate that HINT1 may be a potential target for therapeutic interventions in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.

13.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol intake complicated by liver dysfunction has been presumed to affect skeletal muscles. This study aimed to examine the association between excessive alcohol intake, liver fibrosis, and loss of skeletal muscle mass in elderly men. METHODS: The study participants comprised 799 community-dwelling elderly men (age, 71 ± 3 years) with no history of treatment for liver disease. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed to estimate the appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) of each participant. The ASM values were also normalized for height (ASM index). Liver fibrosis was evaluated using the Fib4 index, which was calculated using participant age, AST level, ALT level, and platelet count. Usual alcohol intake was estimated based on the type of alcohol, frequency of drinking, and amount of alcohol consumed per day. RESULTS: Among the excess drinkers (≥ 20 g/day), the ASM index of the subgroup with liver fibrosis (Fib4 index ≥ 2.67) was significantly lower than that of the subgroup with no liver fibrosis (Fib4 index < 2.67). However, no significant difference between the subgroups was found in the non-drinkers and moderate drinkers (< 20 g/day). In multiple regression analysis, the Fib4 index was significantly associated with the ASM index, independent of potential confounding factors. The association between the Fib4 index and ASM index was more pronounced in excess drinkers than in non-drinkers and moderate drinkers. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that liver fibrosis is associated with loss of skeletal muscle mass in elderly men, and excessive alcohol intake combined with liver fibrosis may lead to greater muscle mass reduction than each individual condition.

14.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121397

RESUMO

Receptor-related orphan receptor γ (RORγ) has emerged as an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases. Herein, we report our effort on the discovery, optimization, and evaluation of benzothiazole and benzimidazole derivatives as novel inverse agonists of RORγ. The representative compound 27h (designated as XY123) potently inhibited the RORγ transcription activity with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 64 nM and showed excellent selectivity against other nuclear receptors. 27h also potently suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, and the expression of androgen receptor (AR)-regulated genes in AR-positive prostate cancer cell lines. In addition, 27h demonstrated good metabolic stability and a pharmacokinetic property with reasonable oral bioavailability (32.41%) and moderate half-life (t1/2 = 4.98 h). Significantly, oral administration of compound 27h achieved complete and long-lasting tumor regression in the 22Rv1 xenograft tumor model in mice. Compound 27h may serve as a new valuable lead compound for further development of drugs for the treatment of prostate cancer.

15.
Virus Genes ; 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146250

RESUMO

The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) is a component of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4F, a significant complex in the protein translation process. It has been found to be closely related to many human tumors, such as gastric carcinoma. It is known that the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) upregulates eIF4E in various ways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, there are very few studies on eIF4E in EBV-associated gastric carcinoma. We found that the expression level of eIF4E in EBV-associated gastric carcinoma was lower than other types of gastric carcinoma, and the downregulation of eIF4E could lead to increased apoptosis of gastric carcinoma cells, retardation at S phase, and decreased cell migration. The dual luciferase reporter experiment showed that EBV-miR-BART11-3p could directly target the 3'-UTR region of eIF4E, and BART11-3p is the key factor leading to the downregulation of eIF4E. It could provide a new evidence for EBV-regulating host gene to affect the development of gastric carcinoma.

16.
Ageing Res Rev ; 70: 101376, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089901

RESUMO

Aging can not only shorten a healthy lifespan, but can also lead to multi-organ dysfunction and failure. Anti-aging is a complex and worldwide conundrum for eliminating the various pathologies of senility. The past decade has seen great progress in the understanding of the aging-associated signaling pathways and their application for developing anti-aging approaches. Currently, some drugs can improve quality of life. The activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is one of the core and detrimental mechanisms related to aging; rapamycin can reduce the rate of aging, improve age-related diseases by inhibiting the mTOR pathway, and prolong lifespan and healthspan effectively. However, the current evidence for rapamycin in lifespan extension and organ aging is fragmented and scattered. In this review, we summarize the efficacy and safety of rapamycin in prolonging a healthy lifespan by systematically alleviating aging in multiple organ systems, i.e., the nervous, urinary, digestive, circulatory, motor, respiratory, endocrine, reproductive, integumentary and immune systems, to provide a theoretical basis for the future clinical application of rapamycin in anti-aging.

17.
Neurol Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112057

RESUMO

Objectives: This article aimed to analyze the relationship between obesity and the efficacy of acute ischaemic stroke patients treated with IVT.Background: Stroke causes morbidity and mortality in large numbers of individuals annually. Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT)with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) is currently the only approved by the FDA for treatment of acute ischaemic stroke. Researchers have focused on studying the mechanisms associated with ischaemic stroke. Obesity is an established vascular risk factor with increasing prevalence and a huge impact on public health worldwide. It is an independent predictor for ischaemic stroke with a 4% risk increase for each unit augmentation in body mass index (BMI). Therefore, obese patients will constitute an increasing subgroup of candidates for IVT. However, its impact on prognosis in acute ischaemic stroke patients with intravenous thrombolysis did not reach a consensus conclusion.Methods: Systematic literature search of PUBMED databases published before August 2020, was performed to identify studies addressing the role of obesity in acute ischaemic stroke patients treated with IVT. Studies included randomized clinical trials, observational studies, guideline statements, and review articles.Conclusions: Obesity may be related to long-term prognosis of large group of AIS patients treated with IVT. It depends on the scale of clinical study samples, follow-up time, and evaluation criteria.

18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1651: 462302, 2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119720

RESUMO

Phospholipids are one of the main nutrients in rice, which have a positive effect on cancer, coronary heart disease and inflammation. However, phospholipids will become small molecular volatile substances during the aging process of rice, resulting in change the flavor of rice. Therefore, mapping the concentration and the spatial distribution of phospholipids in rice are of tremendous significance in its function research. In this work, we established a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) imaging method for the spatial distribution analysis of phospholipids in rice. A total of 12 phospholipid compounds were found in the range of m/z 500-1000 through a series of conditions optimization. According to the results, lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) species spread throughout the rice tissue sections and phosphatidylcholine (PC) species distributed in the bran and embryo (particularly in the scutellum). We also compared the signal intensities of phospholipids in different parts of white rice and brown rice by region of interest (ROI) analysis, which showed the relative content of PC species was higher in the embryo and gradually decreased until disappeared with the increase of processing degree during the processing of brown rice to white rice. The PC species on the surface of rice could be used as an important indicator to identify the processing degree of rice. Our work not only establish a MALDI-TOF-MS imaging method for spatial distribution analysis of rice, but also provide the necessary reference for ensuring food security, improving the eating quality of rice and the health benefits of consumers.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 190: 113408, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126330

RESUMO

Hollow peanut-shaped NiFe2O4/CoFe2O4 twinned nano-spherical shell composite materials have interconnected electron channels and excellent electrochemical performance, which prompted the use of this unique spatial structure to fabricate efficient electrochemical sensors. In this work, N-doped carbon dots (NCDs) incorporated into magnetic NiFe2O4/CoFe2O4 nanoparticle shell (NiFe2O4/CoFe2O4/NCDs) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was applied to construct a dual-template molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) based electrochemistry sensor (NiFe2O4/CoFe2O4/NCDs/MIP/GCE) for the simultaneous detection of catechin (CA) and theophylline (TPH). MIP was fabricated by an in-situ electrochemical polymerization strategy based on the theoretical exploration and density functional theory (DFT) computer directional simulation to screen out the optimal functional monomer (L-arginine) and the optimal ratio between the dual template molecules (CA and TPH) and functional monomer. The materials were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, XPS, and TGA. Besides, electron binding energy, binding constant, and imprinting factor were investigated. With the optimal conditions, the proposed electrochemical dual detection system showed outstanding analytical performance for the simultaneous sensing of CA and TPH, with an ultralow detection limit (LOD, S/N = 3) of 1.3 nM for CA in 0.01-1 µM (R2 = 0.9956) and 1-50 µM (R2 = 0.9928), as well as a LOD of 20.0 nM for TPH in the linear range of 0.1-100 µM (R2 = 0.9939), respectively. Also, the selectivity and anti-interference performances of the fabricated sensor were performed by differential pulse voltammetry and chronoamperometry, and successfully detected the analyte from tea drinks and human urine samples with the recovery rates ranging from 98.22% to 104.76% and relative standard deviations (RSD) were 1.19%-3.81%, demonstrated the sensor has excellent stability, repeatability, and reproducibility, which paves the way for other platforms to use this nanomaterial for the detection of antioxidant in the filed food safety.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133068

RESUMO

Ageing-related osteoporosis is becoming an emerging threat to human health along with the ageing of human population. The decreased rate of osteogenic differentiation and bone formation is the major cause of ageing-related osteoporosis. Microtubule actin cross-linking factor 1 (MACF1) is an important cytoskeletal factor that promotes osteogenic differentiation and bone formation. However, the relationship between MACF1 expression and ageing-related osteoporosis remains unclear. This study has investigated the expression pattern of MACF1 in bone tissues of ageing-related osteoporosis patients and ageing mice. The study has further elucidated the mechanism of MACF1 promoting bone formation by inhibiting HES1 expression and activity. Moreover, the therapeutic effect of MACF1 on ageing-related osteoporosis and post-menopausal osteoporosis was evaluated through in situ injection of the MACF1 overexpression plasmid. The study supplemented the molecular mechanisms between ageing and bone formation, and provided novel targets and potential therapeutic strategy for ageing-related osteoporosis.

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