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1.
Cell Signal ; 65: 109423, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639491

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common disease of joint tissues; unfortunately, there are currently no curative therapies available for OA. Chondrocytes, the only cell type residing in cartilage, secrete many types of collagen (the mainly one is type II collagen) and aggrecan, which are the main components of the cartilage matrix. Chondrocyte apoptosis can lead to OA degenerative progression. We previously indicated that recombinant human midkine (rhMK), as a chondrocyte growth factor has a significant reparative effect on cartilage injury animal models. However, the molecular mechanism of this restorative function remains under investigation. Herein, we focused on the molecular mechanism underlying the role of MK in promoting the proliferation of chondrocytes cultured in vitro. Chondrocytes from rats and OA patients were successfully isolated by the digestion of articular cartilage using type II collagenase, and their proliferation was evaluated by a CCK8 assay and flow cytometry. rhMK stimulated the proliferation of chondrocytes from both OA patients and rats. Furthermore, qRT-PCR, shRNA-mediated knockdown, Western blot and immunoprecipitation (IP) assays were performed to identify the receptor and key elements responsible for the role of MK in promoting chondrocyte proliferation. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) was identified as the dominant MK receptor in chondrocytes that, as a translocator, mediates the endocytosis of MK. After being transferred into chondrocytes, MK was shown to form a complex with nucleolin that interacts with the active form of K-Ras. Upon the activation of ERK1/2, cyclin D1 expression was upregulated, promoting the chondrocyte cell cycle. Our data reveal for the first time the role of the MK-LRP1-nucleolin signaling pathway in facilitating MK-induced chondrocyte proliferation, thus providing a strong theoretical foundation for the further use of MK in OA clinical therapy.

2.
Food Chem ; 308: 125584, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654976

RESUMO

The influence of cropping systems on nutrition and food safety is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an organic cropping system (OCS) on wheat nutrition and food safety at the molecular level by using a comprehensive research method. Nutrient deviation in samples from an OCS and a conventional cropping system (CCS) were detected, and 58 biomarkers were selected through multivariate statistical analysis and were further qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. The health risk of heavy metal(loid)s (HMs) for different populations was assessed based on the estimated average daily dose and recommended ingestion reference dose, which indicated that populations ingesting grains from OCSs had higher non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks. Additionally, HMs posed greater non-carcinogenic risks to children under five years old and greater carcinogenic risks to adults.This study highlights the need to consider the potential risk from HMs and nutritive ingredient differences in organic food.

3.
Microbiol Res ; 230: 126352, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634726

RESUMO

Rhoptry protein 18 (ROP18) is a major determinant of strain-specific virulence in Toxoplasma gondii. The kinase activity of ROP18 is required for acute virulence, while the aspartate in the catalytic loop of ROP18 is considered essential for phosphoryl transfer. We showed that a single amino acid mutation at the catalytic aspartate residue (D409A mutation) significantly altered ROP18 kinase activity in vitro, and abolished ROP18-mediated ATF6ß degradation. Furthermore, the investigated single amino acid mutation in ROP18 led to alternation of subcellular localization of ROP18 protein. Our findings demonstrate that a single amino acid mutation on the proton transport catalytic aspartic acid induced alternations associated with ROP18 protein.

4.
Parasitol Int ; 74: 101925, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077806

RESUMO

Tick-borne diseases cause significant losses to livestock production in tropical and subtropical regions. However, information about the tick-borne infections in cattle in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), northwestern China, is scarce. In this study, nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays and gene sequencing were used to detect and analyze epidemiological features of Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, Coxiella burnetii and Anaplasma bovis infections in XUAR. Out of 195 samples tested, 24 (12.3%), 67 (34.4%), 40 (20.5%) and 10 (5.1%) were positive for B. bovis, B. bigemina, C. burnetii and A. bovis, respectively. Sequencing analysis indicated that B. bovis SBP-4, B. bigemina Rap1a, C. burnetii htpB and A. bovis 16S rRNA genes from XUAR showed 99%-100% identity with documented isolates from other countries. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that B. bovis SBP-4, B. bigemina Rap1a, C. burnetii htpB and A. bovis 16S rRNA gene sequences clustered in the same clade with isolates from other countries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of C. burnetii infection of cattle in XUAR. Furthermore, this study provides important data for understanding the distribution of tick-borne pathogens, and is expected to improve the approach for prevention and control of tick-borne diseases in China.

5.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124539, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470310

RESUMO

The performance and microbial community structure of anaerobic dynamic membrane bioreactor (AnDMBR) treating textile wastewater was investigated. The reactor showed excellent soluble COD and color removal of 98.5% and >97.5%, respectively. Dynamic membrane layer grown over the 3D printed dynamic membrane support showed decent rejection for high molecular weight compounds (>20 kDa); and the total suspended solid rejection by the dynamic layer was >98.8%. Gel permeation chromatography analysis of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and effluent samples revealed EPS accounted for more than 76.7% of low molecular weight fractions (<20 kDa) that end up in the effluent. Higher applied flux facilitated the rapid formation dynamic layer which enabled a satisfactory effluent quality. Microbial community analysis revealed that during the operation the archaeal community was relatively stable while obvious changes took place in the bacterial community. Introduction of dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) to the AnDMBR increased the abundances of phyla of Proteobacteria and Spirochaetae whereas fractions of Firmicutes and Euryarchaeota decreased obviously. Furthermore, relative stable abundances of phyla Aminicenantes, Bacteroidetes, Thermotogae and Chloroflexi among the top six phyla detected in the system ensured a healthy anaerobic degradation environment for RBBR wastewater treatment.

6.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103501, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634519

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, participates in both innate and adaptive immunity and regulates the apoptotic process. In this study, we observed that an ortholog of TRAF6 could inhibit the activity of p53 and suppress the apoptotic process in the Hong Kong oyster, Crassostrea hongkongensis. To investigate the possible molecular mechanism of the ChTRAF6-induced antiapoptotic effect, a GST pull-down screening assay was conducted, and ChPellino was found to physically interact with ChTRAF6. In addition, the interaction between them was confirmed by Co-immunoprecipitation. Furthermore, western blotting revealed that the phosphorylation level of ChPellino was decreased after the RNAi of ChTRAF6, demonstrating that ChTRAF6 may be an upstream regulator of Pellino activation. Furthermore, the apoptosis level of hemocytes increased after ChPellino knockdown, and ChPellino overexpression suppressed ChTRAF6-dependent p53 activation. Taken together, these results indicate that ChPellino plays a critical role in suppressing ChTRAF6-dependent anti-apoptosis in the hemocytes of Crassostrea hongkongensis.

7.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 283-298, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585890

RESUMO

Nlrp3 inflammasomes were shown to play a critical role in triggering obesity-associated early onsets of cardiovascular complications such as endothelial barrier dysfunction with endothelial hyperpermeability. Statins prevent endothelial dysfunction and decrease cardiovascular risk in patients with obesity and diabetes. However, it remains unclear whether statin treatment for obesity-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction is in part due to the blockade of Nlrp3 inflammasome signaling axis. The results showed that simvastatin, a clinically and widely used statin, prevented free fatty acid-induced endothelial hyperpermeability and disruption of ZO-1 and VE-cadherin junctions in mouse microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs). This protective effect of simvastatin was largely due to improved lysosome function that attenuated lysosome injury-mediated Nlrp3 inflammasome activation and subsequent release of high mobility group box protein-1 (HMGB1). Mechanistically, simvastatin induces autophagy that promotes removal of damaged lysosomes and also promotes lysosome regeneration that preserves lysosome function. Collectively, simvastatin treatment improves lysosome function via enhancing lysosome biogenesis and its autophagic turnover, which may be an important mechanism to suppress Nlrp3 inflammasome activation and prevents endothelial hyperpermeability in obesity.

8.
Opt Express ; 27(19): 27168-27182, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674583

RESUMO

The principle of superposition is a key ingredient for quantum mechanics. A recent work [Phys. Rev. Lett.116, 110403 (2016)10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.110403] has shown that a quantum adder that deterministically generates a superposition of two unknown states is forbidden. Here we consider the implementation of the probabilistic quantum adder in the 3D cavity-transmon system. Our implementation is based on a three-level superconducting transmon qubit dispersively coupled to two cavities. Numerical simulations show that high-fidelity generation of the superposition of two coherent states is feasible with current circuit QED technology. Our method also works for other physical systems such as two optical cavities coupled to a three-level atom or two nitrogen-vacancy center ensembles interacted with one three-level superconducting flux qubit.

9.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computer-aided methods have been widely applied to diagnose lesions detected on breast MRI, but fully-automatic diagnosis using deep learning is rarely reported. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of mass lesions using region of interest (ROI)-based, radiomics and deep-learning methods, by taking peritumor tissues into consideration. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: In all, 133 patients with histologically confirmed 91 malignant and 62 benign mass lesions for training (74 patients with 48 malignant and 26 benign lesions for testing). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T, using the volume imaging for breast assessment (VIBRANT) dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) sequence. ASSESSMENT: 3D tumor segmentation was done automatically by using fuzzy-C-means algorithm with connected-component labeling. A total of 99 texture and histogram parameters were calculated for each case, and 15 were selected using random forest to build a radiomics model. Deep learning was implemented using ResNet50, evaluated with 10-fold crossvalidation. The tumor alone, smallest bounding box, and 1.2, 1.5, 2.0 times enlarged boxes were used as inputs. STATISTICAL TESTS: The malignancy probability was calculated using each model, and the threshold of 0.5 was used to make a diagnosis. RESULTS: In the training dataset, the diagnostic accuracy was 76% using three ROI-based parameters, 84% using the radiomics model, and 86% using ROI + radiomics model. In deep learning using the per-slice basis, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was comparable for tumor alone, smallest and 1.2 times box (AUC = 0.97-0.99), which were significantly higher than 1.5 and 2.0 times box (AUC = 0.86 and 0.71, respectively). For per-lesion diagnosis, the highest accuracy of 91% was achieved when using the smallest bounding box, and that decreased to 84% for tumor alone and 1.2 times box, and further to 73% for 1.5 times box and 69% for 2.0 times box. In the independent testing dataset, the per-lesion diagnostic accuracy was also the highest when using the smallest bounding box, 89%. DATA CONCLUSION: Deep learning using ResNet50 achieved a high diagnostic accuracy. Using the smallest bounding box containing proximal peritumor tissue as input had higher accuracy compared to using tumor alone or larger boxes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112338, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669666

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fritillariae cirrhosae (FC), referred to'Chuan beimu'in China. As an important edible and medicinal plant, the bulbs of F.cirrhosae is used traditionally in the treatment of pulmonary diseases associated with lung heat, inflammation and tumors. In the study, we investigated the effect of aqueous extract of FC (FC-AE) and elucidated its mechanism in non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells and a xenograft model of nude mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CCK-8 and plate colony formation assay were used to evaluate the effect of FC-AE in A549 cells in vitro, and the gene expression profile of FC-AE on A549 cells was assessed by RNA sequencing system. Then, the effects of FC-AE on cell cycle and apoptosis of A549 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. In combination with RNA-seq data, RT-PCR and western blot were used to evaluate the expression of proteins related to apoptosis and immune regulation. A xenograft model of nude mice was used to assess the effect of FC-AE in vivo. RESULTS: CCK-8 and plate cloning assays showed that FC-AE inhibited the proliferation and colony formation of A549 cells. A549 cells treated with FC-AE can triggered apoptosis. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of RNA-seq data showed that most of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were related to immune response, apoptosis and cell cycle process. Several immune and apoptotic DEGs were identified by qRT-PCR which were consistented with RNA-seq data. In nude mice, FC-AE reduced the tumor size and promoted the secretion of cytokines IL12 and IFNγ. FC-AE up-regulated the two members (STAT1 and STAT4) of STATs and their target genes (IFNγ and IL-12, respectively) protein expressions, and actively regulates Bcl-2/Bax family proteins which resulted in cellular apoptosis in A549 cells. CONCLUSION: Our finding suggests that FC-AE mediates apoptosis through a STAT1 and STAT4-mediated co-regulatory network, which may be the key novel mechanism for its antitumor activity. The F. cirrhosa may be a promising antitumor drug for modulating immune responses to improve cancer therapy.

11.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104411, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705951

RESUMO

Eleven sesquiterpenoids including four new eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, solanoids A-D (1-4), and seven known compounds (5-11) were isolated from the herbs of Solanum lyratum. By analyzing the UV, MS and NMR data, the gross structures of all isolates were established. The absolute configurations of these new compounds were determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. The in vitro cytotoxicity of all isolates against the hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B and HepG2 cell lines was evaluated. Among them, compounds 7 and 11 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against two cell lines.

12.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773748

RESUMO

Deleted in liver cancer-1 (DLC1), a potential tumor suppressor, acts as a GTPase-activating protein for Rho family members. In many human cancers, the DLC1 expression is frequently downregulated or inactivated, which allows cancer cells to proliferate and disseminate. In this review, we describe the characteristics and other members of the DLC1 family and delineate the signal pathways DLC1 involved in regulating cancer cell growth, colony formation, apoptosis, senescence, autophagy, migration and invasion. In addition, we explore the clinical data of DLC1 and the mechanisms that natural products upregulate the DLC1 expression to inhibit cancer. Despite these insights, many important unanswered questions remain about the exact mechanisms of DLC1-mediated cancer suppression.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777248

RESUMO

Understanding the reaction kinetics of photocatalytic water splitting is important for solar energy conversion field. Particularly, identifying the main obstacle in solar water oxidation is intriguing for efforts to promote the energy conversion efficiency. Herein, we take WO3 and cesium treated WO3 as prototypical models to disclose the reaction kinetics of photocatalytic water oxidation and found that the lack of long-lived surface holes is the bottleneck in the photocatalytic process. Analysis of the kinetic barriers of the surface catalytic reactions indicates that the water oxidation on WO3 is kinetically fast. Whereas, surface treatment of WO3 with cesium carbonate would enlarge the reaction energy barrier, but unexpectedly increase the photocatalytic water oxidation rate. A further comparison of the charge dynamics by surface photovoltage and intensity modulated photocurrent spectroscopy reveals that the increased surface hole density due to the suppression of charge recombination is account for the improvement in the photocatalytic activity.

14.
Opt Lett ; 44(23): 5864-5867, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774799

RESUMO

Spectroscopic single-molecule localization microscopy (sSMLM) simultaneously captures the spatial locations and emission spectra of single molecular emissions and enables simultaneous multicolor super-resolution imaging. Existing sSMLM relies on extracting spectral signatures, such as weighted spectral centroids, to distinguish different molecular labels. However, the rich information carried by the complete spectral profiles is not fully utilized; thus, the misclassification rate between molecular labels can be high at low spectral analysis photon budget. We developed a machine learning (ML)-based method to analyze the full spectral profiles of each molecular emission and reduce the misclassification rate. We experimentally validated our method by imaging immunofluorescently labeled COS-7 cells using two far-red dyes typically used in sSMLM (AF647 and CF660) to resolve mitochondria and microtubules, respectively. We showed that the ML method achieved 10-fold reduction in misclassification and two-fold improvement in spectral data utilization comparing with the existing spectral centroid method.

15.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 466, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently been shown to play important roles in different tumors. However, their detailed roles and regulatory mechanisms in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are not well understood. This study aimed to identify enriched circRNAs and detect their functions and mechanisms in PDAC cells and tissues. METHODS: circRNA-ASH2L (circ-ASH2L) was identified by circRNA microarray studies based on previous studies, and further detected in PDAC cells and samples by qRT-PCR. The functions of circ-ASH2L were identified by transwell, EdU, cell cycle or Tube formation assays. The regulatory mechanisms of circ-ASH2L were explored by WB, RIP, FISH, dual-luciferase assays, RNA pulldown or other assays. RESULTS: We identified a circRNA (circ-ASH2L) based on our previous studies, detected its expression in different malignant cells and found that circ-ASH2L was highly expressed in pancreatic cells or tumor tissues and correlated with tumor malignancy. Further studies revealed that circ-ASH2L promoted tumor invasion, proliferation and angiogenesis by regulating miR-34a, thus regulate Notch 1 expression. Circ-ASH2L served as a miRNA sponge for miR-34a and promoted tumor progression in vivo. Finally, we analyzed circ-ASH2L expression in clinical tissues and found that high circ-ASH2L expression was correlated with lymphatic invasion and TNM stage and was an independent risk factor for pancreatic patient survival. CONCLUSIONS: circ-ASH2L play an important role in tumor invasion, and high circ-ASH2L may be a useful marker of PDAC diagnosis or progression.

16.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2019: 6584636, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741657

RESUMO

Objectives: To differentiate pituitary adenoma from Rathke cleft cyst in magnetic resonance (MR) scan by combing MR image features with texture features. Methods: A total number of 133 patients were included in this study, 83 with pituitary adenoma and 50 with Rathke cleft cyst. Qualitative MR image features and quantitative texture features were evaluated by using the chi-square tests or Mann-Whitney U test. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate their ability as independent predictors. ROC analysis was conducted subsequently on the independent predictors to assess their practical value in discrimination and was used to investigate the association between two types of features. Results: Signal intensity on the contrast-enhanced image was found to be the only significantly different MR image feature between the two lesions. Two texture features from the contrast-enhanced images (Histo-Skewness and GLCM-Correlation) were found to be the independent predictors in discrimination, of which AUC values were 0.80 and 0.75, respectively. Besides, the above two texture features (Histo-Skewness and GLCM-Contrast) were suggested to be associated with signal intensity on the contrast-enhanced image. Conclusion: Signal intensity on the contrast-enhanced image was the most significant MR image feature in differentiation between pituitary adenoma and Rathke cleft cyst, and texture features also showed promising and practical ability in discrimination. Moreover, two types of features could be coordinated with each other.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17191, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748617

RESUMO

To study the influence of the pore structure of cement-based materials on macroscopic features (gas permeability), mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and nitrogen adsorption (NA) were applied to 8 groups of paste and mortar samples (including adding mineral admixtures or not and standard or sealed curing conditions). Pore size distribution has a great influence on gas permeability. By calculating pore surface fractal dimensions based on Zhang's fractal model, the obvious fractal characteristics of micropores (<100 nm) and macropores (> 105 nm) have been found. The pore diameter of the paste is mostly distributed in the micropores, and the average critical pore diameter is 82 nm. For mortar, the pore diameter is mostly distributed in the micropores and transition pores, and the average critical pore diameter is 121 nm, which means that the seepage pore diameters of the paste and mortar are 82 nm and 121 nm, respectively. The pore surface fractal dimensions of the visible pores are larger than those of the micropores, and there is an inverse relationship between the pore surface fractal dimensions and gas permeability. An important guide for engineering production is to use standard curing and add mineral admixtures to mortar materials to improve the impermeability as much as possible, while a contrary condition exists for paste materials.

18.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751117

RESUMO

Protein N-glycosylation is ubiquitous in the brain and is closely related to cognition and memory. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial disorder that lacks a clear pathogenesis and treatment. Aberrant N-glycosylation has been suggested to be involved in AD pathology. However, the systematic variations in protein N-glycosylation and their roles in AD have not been thoroughly investigated due to technical challenges. Here, we applied multilayered N-glycoproteomics to quantify the global protein expres-sion levels, N-glycosylation sites, N-glycans, and site-specific N-glycopeptides in AD (APP/PS1 transgenic) and wild-type mouse brains. The N-glycoproteomic landscape exhibited highly complex site-specific heterogeneity in AD mouse brains. The generally dysregulated N-glycosylation in AD, which involved proteins such as glutamate receptors as well as fucosylated and oligomannose glycans, were explored by quantitative analyses. Furthermore, a functional study revealed the crucial effects of N-glycosylation on proteins and neurons. Our work provides a systematic multilayered N-glycoproteomic strategy for AD and can be applied to di-verse biological systems.

19.
Eur Spine J ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754820

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation of parameters measured by dynamic-contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and 18F-FDG PET/CT in spinal tumors, and their role in differential diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 49 patients with pathologically confirmed spinal tumors, including 38 malignant, six benign and five borderline tumors, were analyzed. The MRI and PET/CT were done within 3 days, before biopsy. On MRI, the ROI was manually placed on area showing the strongest enhancement to measure pharmacokinetic parameters Ktrans and kep. On PET, the maximum standardized uptake value SUVmax was measured. The parameters in different histological groups were compared. ROC was performed to differentiate between the two largest subtypes, metastases and plasmacytomas. Spearman rank correlation was performed to compare DCE-MRI and PET/CT parameters. RESULTS: The Ktrans, kep and SUVmax were not statistically different among malignant, benign and borderline groups (P = 0.95, 0.50, 0.11). There was no significant correlation between Ktrans and SUVmax (r = - 0.20, P = 0.18), or between kep and SUVmax (r = - 0.16, P = 0.28). The kep was significantly higher in plasmacytoma than in metastasis (0.78 ± 0.17 vs. 0.61 ± 0.18, P = 0.02); in contrast, the SUVmax was significantly lower in plasmacytoma than in metastasis (5.58 ± 2.16 vs. 9.37 ± 4.26, P = 0.03). In differential diagnosis, the AUC of kep and SUVmax was 0.79 and 0.78, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The vascular parameters measured by DCE-MRI and glucose metabolism measured by PET/CT from the most aggressive tumor area did not show a significant correlation. The results suggest they provide complementary information reflecting different aspects of the tumor, which may aid in diagnosis of spinal lesions. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

20.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e1900789, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755244

RESUMO

SCOPE: We previously showed that two hydrogenated xanthohumol (XN) derivatives, α,ß-dihydro-XN (DXN) and tetrahydro-XN (TXN), improved parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a critical risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes, in a diet-induced obese murine model. We hypothesized that improvements in obesity and MetS are linked to changes in the composition of the gut microbiota, bile acid metabolism, intestinal barrier function and inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: To test this hypothesis, we sequenced 16S rRNA genes and measured bile acids in fecal samples from C57BL/6J mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or HFD containing XN, DXN or TXN. We measured the expression of genes associated with epithelial barrier function, inflammation, and bile acid metabolism, in the colon, white adipose tissue (WAT), and liver, respectively. Administration of XN derivatives decreased intestinal microbiota diversity and abundance, specifically Bacteroidetes and Tenericutes, altered bile acid metabolism, and reduced inflammation. In WAT, TXN supplementation decreased pro-inflammatory gene expression by suppressing macrophage infiltration. Transkingdom network analysis connected changes in the microbiota to improvements in MetS in the host. CONCLUSION: Changes in the gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism may explain, in part, the improvements in obesity and MetS associated with administration of XN and its derivatives. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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