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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that thyroid surgery has evolved towards minimal incisions and endoscopic approaches, the role of total endoscopic thyroidectomy (TET) in thyroid cancer has been highly disputed. We performed a systematic review and meta-analyses of peer reviewed studies in order to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of TET compared with conventional open thyroidectomy (COT) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHOD: Medical literature databases such as PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of science were systematically searched for articles that compared TET and COT in PTC treatment from database inception until March 2019. The quality of the studies included in the review was evaluated using the Downs and Black scale using Review Manager software Stata V.13.0 for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The systematic review and meta-analysis were based on 5664 cases selected from twenty publications. Criteria used to determine surgical completeness included postoperative thyroglobulin (TG) levels, recurrence of the tumor after long-term follow-up. Adverse event and complication rate scores included transient recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy, permanent RLN palsy, transient hypocalcaemia, permanent hypocalcaemia, operative time, number of removed lymph nodes, length of hospital stay and patient cosmetic satisfaction. TET was found to be generally equivalent to COT in terms of surgical completeness and adverse event rate, although TET resulted in lower levels of transient hypocalcemia (OR 1.66; p < 0.05), a smaller number of the retrieved lymph nodes (WMD 0.46; p < 0.05), and better cosmetic satisfaction (WMD 1.73; p < 0.05). COT was associated with a shorter operation time (WMD - 50.28; p < 0.05) and lower rates of transient RLN palsy (OR 0.41; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that in terms of safety and efficacy, TET was similar to COT for the treatment of thyroid cancer. Indeed, the tumor recurrence rates and the level of surgical completeness in TET are similar to those obtained for COT. TET was associated with significantly lower levels of transient hypocalcemia and better cosmetic satisfaction, and thus is the better option for patients with cosmetic concerns. Overall, randomized clinical trials and studies with larger patient cohorts and long-term follow-up data are required to further demonstrate the value of the TET.

2.
Food Microbiol ; 89: 103432, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138990

RESUMO

Pathogenic Cronobacter species are responsible for life-threatening illness in neonates. A ten-year comprehensive survey was conducted to examine the population structure and antimicrobial resistant patterns of Cronobacter isolates from food (n = 78) and clinical (n = 12) sources in Wenzhou, China. A total of 90 (4.4%) isolates were recovered from 2051 collected samples. The occurrence of Cronobacter spp. was highest in spices with a rate of 22% (26/119), whereas the lowest contamination rate of 1% was found in powered infant and toddler formula (7/494), special medical infant formula (1/95) and human stool samples (12/1024). Cronobacter strains revealed a high degree of genetic diversity among the isolates tested. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) distinguished 75 clonal groups, and the biggest cluster consisted of four strains. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method displayed 43 sequence types (STs), of which ST1, ST4, ST8, ST64, ST148 and ST201 were most frequently identified. Meanwhile, two new sequence types were discovered and added to the PubMLST international database. Resistance to ceftriaxone, cefotaxiv, amoxicillin, ampicillin, cefoxitin, tetracycline, streptomycin, azithromycin, chloramphenicol, as well as multidrug resistance, was noted. Taken together, this large-scale surveillance study highlights the wide dissemination and diverse molecular features of Cronobacter spp. in Wenzhou China.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4519, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161290

RESUMO

Inner Mongolia cashmere goats, as an important part of animal husbandry production, play an important role in animal fiber industry. In recent years, scientific research has made a lot of explorations on the molecular regulation mechanism of hair follicle cycle growth, but few studies have been reported on the development of cashmere hair in fetal period. This study was based on the completion of 21 skin samples of mRNA and miRNA sequencing in 7 fetal periods (45 days, 55 days,65 days,75 days,95 days,115 days and 135 days) of the Inner Mongolia Cashmere goat. The target genes of miRNA associated with the development of secondary hair follicles in the cashmere goats were selected through the combination analysis of mRNA and miRNA data. Then the overexpression vector was constructed and the interaction between the miRNA and the target gene was identified by Dual-Luciferase Reporter Gene System. The function and interaction relationship of chi-miR-199a-5p and TGF-ß2 were verified by RT-qPCR and western blot at the level of the fibroblasts in Inner Mongolia Cashmere goat. It provides a theoretical basis for further study of miRNA and its target genes regulating the occurrence and development of skin hair follicles. As the result shows, the expression trends of 7 genes (BAMBI, SMAD1, LTBP1, PPP2R1B, ID4, BMP8B and PITX2) and 7 miRNA (chi-miR-17-5p, chi-miR-125b-3p, chi-miR-21-5p, chi-miR-143-5p and chi-miR-106b-5p) in the skin samples for the seven stages of the fetus were shown to be consistent with the sequencing results. the results of sequencing are reliable. The correlation coefficient of TGF-ß2 and chi-miR-199a-5p in fetal 45d-135d expression is -0.84, showing a strong negative correlation, The target relationship was preliminarily judged. The results of double luciferase vector report showed that chi-miR-199a-5p significantly decreased the expression of luciferase in TGF-ß2 3'UTR, It is determined that there is a reciprocal relationship between them at a specific time. We transfected chi-miR199a-5p-FAM mimics into fibroblasts cultured in vitro from Inner Mongolia cashmere goats. After transfection, the cells were harvested to extract total RNA and protein. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TGF-ß2 in fibroblasts were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. It was verified that chi-miR-199a-5p inhibited TGF-ß2 expression at both mRNA and protein translation levels in fibroblasts. At the same time, it was again proved that the TGF-ß2 gene is a target gene of chi-miR199a-5p.

5.
Neurosci Lett ; 723: 134829, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057920

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) triggers pronounced inflammatory responses that are accompanied by neuronal disruption and functional deficits. SCI treatment remains an unmet clinical need. Emerging evidence suggests that riluzole may exert a neuroprotective effect due to its anti-inflammatory properties. However, details of the underlying mechanisms remain poorly defined. The polarization of microglial/macrophages has an important role in neuroinflammation. Here, we examined whether riluzole can exert a neuroprotective effect after acute SCI, and whether this effect is associated with changes in microglia/macrophages polarization. Riluzole (4 mg/kg) or vehicle were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) in female rats immediately following SCI and repeated for 7 consecutive days (b.i.d.). Compared with vehicle treatment, riluzole-treated SCI rats showed significant higher locomotor scores (Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan score, Inclined Plane test score, n = 18/group). Riluzole-treated rats also developed smaller spinal cavities, showed higher levels of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament (NF)200 immunoreactivities, and lower levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the spinal cord at 7 days post-SCI. Immunofluorescence study revealed more CD206+ cells and less iNOS+ cells in the injured spinal cord of riluzole-treated SCI rats, as compared to vehicle control. Using real-time PCR, we found that riluzole upregulated the mRNA levels of M2 markers, but downregulated that of M1 markers, as compared to the vehicle treatment. Current findings suggest that systemic administration of riluzole after acute SCI facilitated motor function recovery and inhibited inflammatory responses, which may be associated with polarization of M2 microglia/macrophages.

6.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008123

RESUMO

Drought stress, which is increasing with climate change, is a serious threat to agricultural sustainability worldwide. Seed germination is an essential growth phase that ensures the successful establishment and productivity of soybean, which can lose substantial productivity in soils with water deficits. However, only limited genetic information is available about how germinating soybean seeds may exert drought tolerance. In this study, we examined the germinating seed drought-tolerance phenotypes and genotypes of a panel of 259 released Chinese soybean cultivars panel. Based on 4616 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), we conducted a mixed-linear model GWAS that identified a total of 15 SNPs associated with at least one drought-tolerance index. Notably, three of these SNPs were commonly associated with two drought-tolerance indices. Two of these SNPs are positioned upstream of genes, and 11 of them are located in or near regions where QTLs have been previously mapped by linkage analysis, five of which are drought-related. The SNPs detected in this study can both drive hypothesis-driven research to deepen our understanding of genetic basis of soybean drought tolerance at the germination stage and provide useful genetic resources that can facilitate the selection of drought stress traits via genomic-assisted selection.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 718: 137028, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109809

RESUMO

Naphthenic acids (NAs) are a complex mixture of carboxylic acids present in oil sands process water (OSPW). Their recalcitrant nature makes them difficult to be removed from the environment using conventional remediation strategies. This study hypothesized that, upon continuous operation, biofiltration of OSPW in fixed-bed biofilm reactors would allow the development of NA-degrading microbial community within the biofilter following successful removal. Both raw and ozonated OSPW were treated in the biofilters and changes in microbial community were tested via 16S/18S amplicon sequencing and metatranscriptomics. Through switch from suspended growth to attached growth, a shift in indigenous microbial community was seen following by an increase in alpha diversity. Concomitantly, improved degradation of NAs was monitored, i.e., 35.8% and 69.4% of NAs were removed from raw and ozonated OSPW, respectively. Metatranscriptomics analysis suggested the presence of genes involved in the degradation of organic acids and petroleum-related compounds. Specifically, functional abundance of aromatic compounds' metabolism improved from 0.05% to 0.76%; whereas abundance of benzoate transport and degradation pathway increased from 0.04% to 0.64%. These changes conclude that continuous operation of OSPW in the bioreactors was in favor of shaping the overall microbiome towards better NA degradation.

8.
J Endocrinol ; 245(1): 1-12, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977312

RESUMO

The well-documented hormonal disturbance in a general obese population is characterised by an increase in insulin secretion and a decrease in growth hormone (GH) secretion. Such hormonal disturbance promotes an increase in fat mass, which deteriorates obesity and accelerates the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. While the pathological consequence is alarming, the pharmaceutical approach attempting to correct such hormonal disturbance remains limited. By applying an emerging anti-diabetic drug, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin (1 mg/kg/day for 10 weeks), to a hyperphagic obese mouse model, we observed a significant improvement in insulin and GH secretion as early as 4 weeks after the initiation of the treatment. Restoration of pathological disturbance of insulin and GH secretion reduced fat accumulation and preserved lean body mass in the obese animal model. Such phenotypic improvement followed with concurrent improvements in glucose and lipid metabolism, insulin sensitivity, as well as the expression of metabolic genes that were regulated by insulin and GH. In conclusion, 10 weeks of treatment with dapagliflozin effectively reduces hyperinsulinemia and restores pulsatile GH secretion in the hyperphagic obese mice with considerable improvement in lipid and glucose metabolism. Promising outcomes from this study may provide insights into drug intervention to correct hormonal disturbance in obesity to delay the diabetes progression.

9.
Clin Ther ; 42(1): 144-156.e1, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932080

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In China, dabigatran and rivaroxaban are the only approved non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The goal of this article was to assess the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in Chinese patients with AF from the perspective of the Chinese health care system. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban. Clinical events were modeled for a lifetime horizon, based on clinical efficacy data from indirect treatment comparisons. The weighted average of the most recent prices of these 2 drugs was used as the drug acquisition cost. Other costs, including follow-up costs and event costs, were collected by using a survey from a panel of local experts. Utility inputs (health state utilities, clinical event disutilities, and event history utility) were obtained from published literature. Sensitivity analyses that included scenario analyses and a probabilistic sensitivity analysis were conducted to examine the robustness of the economic model. FINDINGS: Over a lifetime, patients treated with dabigatran experienced fewer ischemic strokes (2.14 dabigatran vs 2.61 rivaroxaban) and fewer intracranial hemorrhage (0.48 vs 0.94) per 100 patient-years. In the base case analysis, dabigatran had an incremental cost of ¥28,128 but with higher life years (10.38 vs 10.14) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) (7.95 vs 7.70). The resulting incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of ¥112,910 per QALY gained and net monetary benefit of ¥12,214 versus rivaroxaban showed that dabigatran was a cost-effective alternative to rivaroxaban. Extensive sensitivity analyses indicated that the results were robust over a wide range of inputs. The probabilistic sensitivity analysis indicated that dabigatran was cost-effective in 84.2% of the 10,000 Monte Carlo simulations compared with rivaroxaban. IMPLICATIONS: Dabigatran reduced the occurrence of clinical events and increased QALYs compared with rivaroxaban. The use of dabigatran for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism is a cost-effective option compared with rivaroxaban among patients with AF in China.

10.
Virus Res ; 278: 197882, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981774

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) are antigenically related mosquito-transmitted viruses which represent a big public health problem. Although the antigenic cross-reactivity between two viruses were intensively investigated at the antibody and T cell levels, how DENV envelope protein domain III (EDIII)-elicited antibodies (Abs) impact the outcome of ZIKV infection is uncertain. Here, our results show that the sera isolated from DENV-EDIII-immunized wild-type mice recognized ZIKV-EDIII and cross-neutralized ZIKV in vitro. Passive transfer of DENV-EDIII-immune sera protected 1-day-old mice against lethal ZIKV challenge. Finally, maternally acquired anti-DENV-EDIII Abs significantly increased the survival of 1-day-old mice born to DENV-EDIII-immunized mothers post ZIKV challenge. These results reveal that DENV-EDIII-induced Abs provide cross-protection against ZIKV and may not mediate the Ab-dependent enhancement of ZIKV infection at the concentration used here. The present study would contribute to the development and application of DENV-EDIII-based vaccines.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 710: 136304, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927286

RESUMO

Crop residue burning in China increased significantly in the last decade, especially it took up a majority in Northeast China, which plays an important role of severe haze pollution. Hence, two main types of crop residues (corn and rice straw) were chosen to characterize the particle number concentration, chemical components of fine particulate matter and optical properties of carbonaceous aerosols by a suite of fast-response online portable instruments, together with offline sampling and analysis, during the field-based combustion experiments in Northeast China. For the range of 250 and 2500 nm, more particles were emitted from rice straw burning than those from corn straw burning, and the time-averaged number concentration of particles during the flaming process was approximately 2 times higher than that during the smoldering process for these two straws. Organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and water-soluble ions were the most abundant components and accounted for 42.5 ± 7.5%, 7.7 ± 1.7% and 18.0 ± 3.4% of the PM2.5, respectively. Furthermore, rice straw burning emitted higher OC and lower Cl- and K+ than those from corn straw burning. The average absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) of carbonaceous aerosols was 2.1 ± 0.3, while the AAE of brown carbon (BrC) was 4.7 ± 0.4 during the whole burning process. On average, BrC contributed to 63% and 20% of the total light absorption at 375 nm and 625 nm, respectively. Parameterization of BrC absorption revealed that the fraction of absorption from BrC has a reasonably good correlation with EC/OC (-0.84) and AAE (0.94) at 375 nm. Generally, combustion conditions can affect the optical properties of carbonaceous aerosols, and a negative correlation (-0.77) was observed between the AAE and modified combustion efficiency; in addition, the percentage of absorption due to BrC were lower at the flaming phase.

12.
Eur J Radiol ; 124: 108840, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981879

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To establish an accurate and reliable equation for kidney depth estimation in adult patients from different Chinese geographical regions. METHOD: This multicenter study enrolled Eastern Asian Chinese patients with abdominal PET/CT scans at 26 imaging centers from six macro-regions across China in 3 years. Age, gender, height, weight, primary disease and its extent on PET scans of the participants were collected as potential predictive factors. Kidney depth on CT, defined as the average of the vertical distances from the posterior skin to the farthest anterior and closest posterior surfaces of each kidney, was measured as the standard reference. The new kidney depth model was constructed using a multiple regression model, and its performance was compared to those of three established models by computing the absolute value of estimation errors in comparison with CT-measured kidney depth. RESULTS: A total of 2502 patients were enrolled and classified into training (n=1653) and testing (n = 849) subsets. In the training subset, two kidney depth models were constructed: Left (cm): 0.013×age+0.117×gender-0.044×height+0.087×weight+7.951, Right (cm): 0.005×age+0.013×gender-0.035×height+0.082×weight+7.266 (weight: kg, height: cm, gender = 0 if female, 1 if male). In the testing subset, one-way analysis of variance showed that the estimation errors of the new models did not significantly differ among the 6 regions. Bland-Altman analysis determined that new equations had lower estimated biases (left: 0.039 cm, right: 0.018 cm) compared with other existing models. CONCLUSION: The new equations were highly accurate for kidney depth estimation in adults from all over China, with lower estimation errors compared to other established models.

13.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940572

RESUMO

This article proposes a new implicit function-based adaptive control scheme for the discrete-time neural-network systems in a general noncanonical form. Feedback linearization for such systems leads to the output dynamics nonlinear dependence on the system states, the control input, and uncertain parameters, which leads to the nonlinear parametrization problem, the implicit relative degree problem, and the difficulty to specify an analytical adaptive controller. To address these problems, we first develop a new adaptive parameter estimation strategy to deal with all uncertain parameters, especially, those of nonlinearly parameterized forms, in the output dynamics. Then, we construct a key implicit function equation using available signals and parameter estimates. By solving the equation, a unique adaptive control law is derived to ensure asymptotic output tracking and closed-loop stability. Alternatively, we design an iterative solution-based adaptive control law which is easy to implement and ensure output tracking and closed-loop stability. The simulation study is given to demonstrate the design procedure and verify the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive control scheme.

14.
J Healthc Eng ; 2020: 3965961, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998468

RESUMO

Aim: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a routine operation for the treatment of vertebral compression fracture (VCF). Both local anesthesia and general anesthesia are widely used for PKP. However, which type of anesthesia is better for PKP still remains uncertain. This study aimed to find out whether local anesthesia or general anesthesia is more suitable for PKP. Methods: This is a retrospective clinical trial. A total of 85 single-level VCF patients who received PKP 12 months ago were recruited in this study. 45 patients who received local anesthesia were in group L, and 40 patients with general anesthesia were in group G. Clinical, radiological, and economic data between the two groups were collected. Results: No difference was found on preoperative data between the two groups. The duration of operation time in group L was longer than that in group G. Within 12 months after PKP, more complications happened in group G than those in group L. Results: No difference was found on preoperative data between the two groups. The duration of operation time in group L was longer than that in group G. Within 12 months after PKP, more complications happened in group G than those in group L. Conclusion: Both local anesthesia and general anesthesia were reliable for PKP. However, local anesthesia was more efficient and safer with less expense and more bearable pain when compared with general anesthesia.

15.
Am J Infect Control ; 48(1): 26-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased percentage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients in June 2016 was observed. P aeruginosa were also obtained from flexible bronchoscope and rinse water in the microbiological surveillance in June 2016. METHODS: Reprocessing procedure of bronchoscope was assessed, and environmental samples were collected. P aeruginosa isolates recovered from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients between May and September 2016 and environment were characterized using multilocus sequence typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: A novel multilocus sequence type (ST) of P aeruginosa was defined as ST 2387. ST671 and ST 2387 were both cultured from bronchoscopes and connecting tube in manual reprocessing cleaning equipment. One strain from a patient was indistinguishable from the clones obtained from the bronchoscope and connecting tube revealed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Two strains from 2 patients from the burn intensive care unit were identical, and highly related to 2 other strains from the burn intensive care unit. The persistence of P aeruginosa in bronchoscopes, connecting tubes, and final rinse water was terminated by replacement of the connecting tube. CONCLUSIONS: We report a pseudo-outbreak of P aeruginosa associated with bronchoscope, for which connecting tube was the hidden reservoir for contaminating bronchoscopes. This highlights that effective measures are needed to control the bacterial load in final rinsing water to protect reusable equipment from contamination in reprocessing and cleaning.

16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 316: 108923, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838051

RESUMO

Angina pectoris can be used as an early warning for coronary artery disease. Vasodilation is an important mechanism of angina pectoris. Traditional Chinese medicine - Compound Danshen Dripping Pill (CDDP) is widely used to improve the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). To investigate the influence of vasodilation effect and underlying mechanisms of CDDP, we determined the vasodilation effect of thoracic aorta ring on rat induced by norepinephrine (NE). Then targets-fishing method was used to predict the potential mechanism of CDDP on vasodilation, based on the structures of the main components. Then, iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis was used for verification of the candidate target proteins and pathways to illustrate the underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, the differentially expressed proteins in the enriched pathways were validated by western blotting. In this study, we found that CDDP could significantly inhibit NE induced aortic contraction tension, and the mechanism may be related to platelet activation, cGMP - PKG signaling pathway and vascular smooth muscle contraction. The method provides a new way to uncover the vasodilation mechanism of CDDP, as well as other multi-component herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta Torácica/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Proteoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Genomics ; 112(1): 332-345, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779940

RESUMO

Guard hair and cashmere undercoat are developed from primary and secondary hair follicle, respectively. Little is known about the gene expression differences between primary and secondary hair follicle cycling. In this study, we obtained RNA-seq data from cashmere and milk goats grown at four different seasons. We studied the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during the yearly hair follicle cycling, and between cashmere and milk goats. WNT, NOTCH, MAPK, BMP, TGFß and Hedgehog signaling pathways were involved in hair follicle cycling in both cashmere and milk goat. However, Milk goat DEGs between different months were significantly more than cashmere goat DEGs, with the largest difference being identified in December. Some expression dynamics were confirmed by quantitative PCR and western blot, and immunohistochemistry. This study offers new information sources related to hair follicle cycling in milk and cashmere goats, which could be applicable to improve the wool production and quality.

18.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 50(2): 514-524, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30273176

RESUMO

This paper studies the relative degrees of discrete-time neural network systems in a general noncanonical form, and develops a new feedback control scheme for such systems, based on implicit function theory and feedback linearization. After time-advance operation on output of such systems, the output dynamics nonlinearly depends on the control input. To address this issue, we use implicit function theory to define the relative degrees, and to establish a normal form. Then, an implicit function equation solution-based control scheme and an iterative solution-based control scheme are proposed, which ensure not only the closed-loop stability but also the output tracking for the controlled plant. An adaptive control framework for the controlled plant with uncertainties is also presented to illustrate the basic design procedure. The simulation results are given to demonstrate the desired system performance.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 180: 113068, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884392

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic progressive disease, it often involves kidney, lung, heart, and other systems.Renal damage is quite common in RA. Exploring of biomarkers of renal damage in the course of RA progression is of significant importance for disease diagnosis and treatment. We use type II Collagen-Induced Arthritis(CIA) Model. Serums were collected at the 4th, 6th, 8th, and 10th week after the first immunization. An untargeted metabonomic strategy based on UPLC-Q/TOF/MS with support vector machine(SVM) was developed to discover the biomarkers in the rats' serum samples between the RA stage(4-6 weeks in RA model, at which time the kidneys are not affected) and renal damage in RA stage(8-10 weeks in RA model, and the kidneys are affected). Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the metabolic profiles of rat serum. The support vector machine (SVM) method was used to screen the specific markers of renal damage in RA. Following multivariate statistical and integration analysis, 5 specific markers of renal damage in RA were screened and found. After the analysis of these metabolites, pentose and glucuronate interconversions are closely related to the pathogenesis of RA renal damage. The present study first use untargeted dmetabonomics combined with the pathological features in the different phases of CIA model rats. This will provide a basis for the choice of treatment drugs for patients with RA who may be complicated by renal damage.

20.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112868, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539713

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection (TCMI) was restricted due to the batch-to-batch variability caused by the variable compositions of botanical raw materials and complexities of the current manufacturing process. To evaluate and control the quality of Kudiezi Injection (KDZI), a comprehensive and practical method based on multidimensional chromatographic fingerprint associated with multivariate statistical analysis was proposed. The multidimensional chromatographic fingerprint was established by integrating three kinds of chromatographic fingerprints, including High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet spectrum (HPLC-UV), Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) and High performance ion-exchange chromatography (HPIEC), which were used to detect flavones, nucleosides, organic acids, amino acids and saccharides in KDZI. In addition, four main multivariate statistical analyses were compared to assess the batch-to-batch consistency of samples. Results showed that the cosine method, which has been widely used in the quality evaluation of TCM, failed to distinguish the differences among batches based on neither chromatographic peaks' area nor contents information. t-test and Bayes' theorem could reveal the content difference among batches, while hierarchical clustering analysis could differentiate KDZI batches, and Luteolin-7-O-ß-D-glucuronopyranoside, Tau, Ser, guanine and allose were the main indicators. In conclusion, multidimensional chromatographic fingerprints could reflect the quality information of KDZI comprehensively and hierarchical clustering analysis was suitable to identify the differences among batches. This could provide an integrated method for consistency evaluation of TCMI, process improvement of TCMI and solving similar problems in TCMI.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/normas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Medicina Tradicional da Mongólia/métodos
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