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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772348

RESUMO

Purpose 4D computed tomography (4DCT) is the clinical standard to image organ motion in radiotherapy, although it is limited in imaging breathing variability. We propose a method to transfer breathing motion across longitudinal imaging datasets to include intra-patient variability and verify its performance in lung cancer patients. Methods Five repeated control 4DCTs for 6 non-small cell lung cancer patients were combined into multi-breath datasets (m4DCT) by merging stages of deformable image registration to isolate respiratory motion. The displacement of the centre of mass of the primary tumour and its volume changes were evaluated to quantify intra-patient differences. Internal target volumes defined on the m4DCT were compared with those conventionally drawn on the 4DCT. Results Motion analysis suggests no discontinuity at the junction between successive breaths, confirming the method's ability to merge repeated imaging into a continuum. Motion (variability) is primarily in superior-inferior direction and goes from 14.4 mm (8.7 mm) down to 0.1 mm (0.6 mm), respectively for tumours located in the lower lobes or most apical ones. On average, up to 65% and 74% of the tumour volume was subject to expansion or contraction in the inhalation and exhalation phases. These variations lead to an enlargement of the ITV up to 8% of its volume in our dataset. Conclusion 4DCT can be extended to model variable breathing motion by adding synthetic phases from multiple time-resolved images. The inclusion of this improved knowledge of patients' breathing allows better definition of treatment volumes and their margins for radiation therapy. .

2.
ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci ; 7(5): 1485-1506, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751627

RESUMO

Secondary mutations in Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3-tyrosine kinase domain (FLT3-TKD) (e.g., D835Y and F691L) have become a major on-target resistance mechanism of FLT3 inhibitors, which present a significant clinical challenge. To date, no effective drugs have been approved to simultaneously overcome clinical resistance caused by these two mutants. Thus, a series of pyrazinamide macrocyclic compounds were first designed and evaluated to overcome the secondary mutations of FLT3. The representative 8v exhibited potent inhibitory activities against FLT3D835Y and FLT3D835Y/F691L with IC50 values of 1.5 and 9.7 nM, respectively. 8v also strongly suppressed the proliferation against Ba/F3 cells transfected with FLT3-ITD, FLT3-ITD-D835Y, FLT3-ITD-F691L, FLT3-ITD-D835Y-F691L, and MV4-11 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines with IC50 values of 12.2, 10.5, 24.6, 16.9, and 6.8 nM, respectively. Furthermore, 8v demonstrated ideal anticancer efficacy in a Ba/F3-FLT3-ITD-D835Y xenograft model. The results suggested that 8v can serve as a promising macrocycle-based FLT3 inhibitor for the treatment of AML.

3.
Chemistry ; : e202401011, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757219

RESUMO

The room temperature metal-free cascade electrophilic addition/cyclization/oxidation reactions of (3-phenoxyprop-1-yn-1-yl)benzenes to divergently synthesize various brominated benzopyran derivatives (3-bromo-2H-chromenes, 3-bromo-2H-chromen-2-ols and 3-bromo coumarins) by tuning the amount of Br2 and H2O have been developed. The method exhibited high selectivity, mild reaction conditions, broad substrate scope, high efficiency, and the applicability for derivatization of the brominated products. The importance of the strategies provides a great advantage for selective synthesis of brominated benzopyran derivatives.

4.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30192, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707352

RESUMO

Objective: Although the parietal cortex is related to consciousness, the dorsolateral prefrontal and primary motor cortices are the usual targets for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for prolonged disorders of consciousness (pDoC). Herein, we applied parietal rTMS to patients with pDoC, to verify its neurobehavioral effects and explore a new potential rTMS target. Materials and methods: Twenty-six patients with pDoC were assigned to a rTMS or sham group. The rTMS group received 10 sessions of parietal rTMS; the sham group received 10 sessions of sham stimulation. The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) and event-related potential (ERP) were collected before and after the 10 sessions or sham sessions. Results: After the 10 sessions, the rTMS group showed: a significant CRS-R score increase; ERP appearance of a P300 waveform and significantly increased Fz amplitudes; increased potentials on topographic mapping, especially in the left prefrontal cortex; and an increase in delta and theta band powers at Fz, Cz, and Pz. The sham group did not show such changes in CRS-R score or ERP results statistically. Conclusion: Parietal rTMS shows promise as a novel intervention in the recovery of consciousness in pDoC. It showed neurobehavioral enhancement of residual brain function and may promote frontal activity by enhancing frontal-parietal connections. The parietal cortex may thus be an alternative for rTMS therapy protocols.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 1): 132112, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714278

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of anthocyanin-rich black currant extract (BCE) on the structural properties of starch and the inhibition of glycosidases, gathering data and research evidence to support the use of low glycemic index (GI) foods. The BCE induced a change in the starch crystal structure from A-type to V-type, resulting in a drop in digestibility from 81.41 % to 65.57 %. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of BCE on glycosidases activity (α-glucosidase: IC50 = 0.13 ± 0.05 mg/mL and α-amylase: IC50 = 2.67 ± 0.16 mg/mL) by inducing a change in spatial conformation were confirmed through in vitro analysis. The presence of a 5'-OH group facilitated the interaction between anthocyanins and receptors of amylose, α-amylase, and α-glucosidase. The glycosyl moiety enhanced the affinity for amylose yet lowered the inhibitory effect on α-amylase. The in vivo analysis demonstrated that BCE resulted in a reduction of 3.96 mM·h in blood glucose levels (Area Under Curve). The significant hypoglycemic activity, particularly the decrease in postprandial blood glucose levels, highlights the potential of utilizing BCE in functional foods for preventing diabetes.

6.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 114(6): 614-624, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714533

RESUMO

To construct a nomogram based on clinical factors and paraspinal muscle features to predict vertebral fractures occurring after acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). We retrospectively enrolled 307 patients with acute OVCF between January 2013 and August 2022, and performed magnetic resonance imaging of the L3/4 and L4/5 intervertebral discs (IVDs) to estimate the cross-sectional area (CSA) and degree of fatty infiltration (FI) of the paraspinal muscles. We also collected clinical and radiographic data. We used univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models to identify factors that should be included in the predictive nomogram. Post-OVCF vertebral fracture occurred within 3, 12, and 24 months in 33, 69, and 98 out of the 307 patients (10.8%, 22.5%, and 31.9%, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that this event was associated with percutaneous vertebroplasty treatment, higher FI at the L3/4 IVD levels of the psoas muscle, and lower relative CSA of functional muscle at the L4/5 IVD levels of the multifidus muscle. Area under the curve values for subsequent vertebral fracture at 3, 12, and 24 months were 0.711, 0.724, and 0.737, respectively, indicating remarkable accuracy of the nomogram. We developed a model for predicting post-OVCF vertebral fracture from diagnostic information about prescribed treatment, FI at the L3/4 IVD levels of the psoas muscle, and relative CSA of functional muscle at the L4/5 IVD levels of the multifidus muscle. This model could facilitate personalized predictions and preventive strategies.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Osteoporose , Músculos Paraespinais , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Músculos Paraespinais/patologia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nomogramas
7.
Org Lett ; 26(19): 4071-4076, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696713

RESUMO

An electrochemical oxidative difunctionalization of diazo compounds with diselenides and nucleophiles has been developed. This innovative approach yields a diverse array of selenium-containing pyrazole esters and alkoxy esters, overcoming the limitations of traditional synthesis methods. Remarkably, various nucleophiles, including acids, alcohols, and pyrazoles, can be seamlessly incorporated. Notably, this protocol boasts high atom efficiency, excellent functional group tolerance, and good efficiency and operates under transition metal- and oxidant-free conditions, distinguishing it in the field.

8.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Listeriosis is a severe food-borne disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes infection. The data of listeriosis in Xi'an population are limited. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical features and fatality risk factors for listeriosis in three tertiary-care hospitals in Xi'an, China METHODS: The characteristics of demographic data, underlying diseases, clinical manifestations, laboratory indicators, cranial imaging examination, antibiotics therapeutic schemes, and clinical outcomes were collected between 2011 and 2023. Logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Seventy-one etiologically confirmed listeriosis patients were enrolled, including 12 neonatal and 59 non-neonatal cases. The majority of neonatal listeriosis presented as preterm (50%) and fetal distress (75%). The main clinical manifestations of non-neonatal listeriosis included fever (88%), headache (32%), disorder of consciousness (25%), vomiting (17%), abdominal pain (12%), and convulsions (8%). The fatality rate in neonatal cases was higher than in non-neonatal listeriosis (42 vs. 17%). Although no deaths were reported in maternal listeriosis, only two of 23 patients had an uneventful obstetrical outcome. Five maternal listeriosis delivered culture-positive neonates, three of whom decreased within 1 week post-gestation due to severe complications. Twenty-eight cases were neurolisteriosis and 43 cases were bacteremia. Neurolisteriosis had a higher fatality rate compared with bacteremia listeriosis (36 vs. 12%). The main neuroradiological images were cerebral edema/hydrocephalus, intracranial infection, and cerebral hernia. Listeria monocytogenes showed extremely low resistance to ampicillin (two isolates) and penicillin (one isolate). The fatality risk factors were the involvement of the central nervous system, hyperbilirubinemia, and hyponatremia for all enrolled subjects. Hyperuricemia contributed to the elevation of fatality risk in non-neonatal listeriosis. CONCLUSIONS: When the patients suffered with symptoms of fever and central nervous system infection, they should be alert to the possibility of listeriosis. Early administration of ampicillin- or penicillin-based therapy might be beneficial for recovery of listeriosis.

9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10576, 2024 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719947

RESUMO

Capsaicin derivatives with thiourea structure (CDTS) is highly noteworthy owing to its higher analgesic potency in rodent models and higher agonism in vitro. However, the direct synthesis of CDTS remains t one or more shortcomings. In this study, we present reported a green, facile, and practical synthetic method of capsaicin derivatives with thiourea structure is developed by using an automated synthetic system, leading to a series of capsaicin derivatives with various electronic properties and functionalities in good to excellent yields.


Assuntos
Capsaicina , Tioureia , Tioureia/química , Capsaicina/química , Química Verde/métodos , Estrutura Molecular , Animais
10.
Environ Res ; 252(Pt 3): 119054, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The connections between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and coarse particulate matter (PM2.5-10) and daily mortality of viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia were unclear. OBJECTIVES: To distinguish the connections between PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 and daily mortality due to viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia. METHODS: Using a comprehensive national death registry encompassing all areas of mainland China, we conducted a case-crossover investigation from 2013 to 2019 at an individual level. Residential daily particle concentrations were evaluated using satellite-based models with a spatial resolution of 1 km. To analyze the data, we employed the conditional logistic regression model in conjunction with polynomial distributed lag models. RESULTS: We included 221,507 pneumonia deaths in China. Every interquartile range (IQR) elevation in concentrations of PM2.5 (lag 0-2 d, 37.6 µg/m3) was associated with higher magnitude of mortality for viral pneumonia (3.03%) than bacterial pneumonia (2.14%), whereas the difference was not significant (p-value for difference = 0.38). An IQR increase in concentrations of PM2.5-10 (lag 0-2 d, 28.4 µg/m3) was also linked to higher magnitude of mortality from viral pneumonia (3.06%) compared to bacterial pneumonia (2.31%), whereas the difference was not significant (p-value for difference = 0.52). After controlling for gaseous pollutants, their effects were all stable; however, with mutual adjustment, the associations of PM2.5 remained, and those of PM2.5-10 were no longer statistically significant. Greater magnitude of associations was noted in individuals aged 75 years and above, as well as during the cold season. CONCLUSION: This nationwide study presents compelling evidence that both PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 exposures could increase pneumonia mortality of viral and bacterial causes, highlighting the more robust effects of PM2.5 and somewhat higher sensitivity of viral pneumonia.

11.
RSC Med Chem ; 15(5): 1640-1651, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38784471

RESUMO

A set of biotin-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-naphthalimide derivatives 4a-4h with dual targeting of ferroptosis and DNA were designed and optimized using docking simulation as antitumor agents. Docking simulation optimization results indicated that biotin-PEG4-piperazine-1,8-naphthalimide 4d should be the best candidate among these designed compounds 4a-4h, and therefore, we synthesized and evaluated it as a novel antitumor agent. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and MGC-803 and U251 xenograft models identified 4d as a good candidate antitumor agent with potent efficacy and safety profiles, compared with amonafide and temozolomide. The findings of the docking simulations, fluorescence intercalator displacement (FID), western blot, comet, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy, and BODIPY-581/591-C11, FerroOrange, and dihydroethidium (DHE) fluorescent probe assays revealed that 4d could induce DNA damage, affect DNA synthesis, and cause cell cycle arrest in the S phase in MGC-803 cells. Also, it could induce lipid peroxidation and thus lead to ferroptosis in MGC-803 cells, indicating that it mainly exerted antitumor effects through dual targeting of ferroptosis and DNA. These results suggested that it was feasible to design, optimize using docking simulation, and evaluate the potency and safety of biotin-PEG-1,8-naphthalimide as a antitumor agent with dual targeting of ferroptosis and DNA, based on a multi-target drug strategy.

12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401478, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785178

RESUMO

To ensure compositional consistency while mitigating potential immunogenicity for stem cell therapy, synthetic scaffolds have emerged as compelling alternatives to native extracellular matrix (ECM). Substantial progress has been made in emulating specific natural traits featuring consistent chemical compositions and physical structures. However, recapitulating the dynamic responsiveness of the native ECM involving chemical transitions and physical remodeling during differentiation, remains a challenging endeavor. Here, the creation of adaptive scaffolds is demonstrated through sequential protein-instructed molecular assembly, utilizing stage-specific proteins, and incorporating in situ assembly technique. The procedure is commenced by introducing a dual-targeting peptide at the onset of stem cell differentiation. In response to highly expressed integrins and heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) on human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC), the peptides assembled in situ, creating customized extracellular scaffolds that adhered to hMSCs promoting osteoblast differentiation. As the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and collagen (COL-1) increased in osteoblasts, an additional peptide is introduced that interacts with ALP, initiating peptide assembly and facilitating calcium phosphate (CaP) deposition. The growth and entanglement of peptide assemblies with collagen fibers efficiently incorporated CaP into the network resulting in an adaptive biphasic scaffold that enhanced healing of bone injuries.

13.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 30: 10760296241257517, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778544

RESUMO

Early identification of biomarkers that can predict the onset of sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) in septic patients is clinically important. This study endeavors to examine the diagnostic and prognostic utility of serum C1q in the context of SIC. Clinical data from 279 patients diagnosed with sepsis at the Departments of Intensive Care, Respiratory Intensive Care, and Infectious Diseases at the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were gathered spanning from January 2022 to January 2024. These patients were categorized into two groups: the SIC group comprising 108 cases and the non-SIC group consisting of 171 cases, based on the presence of SIC. Within the SIC group, patients were further subdivided into a survival group (43 cases) and non-survival group (65 cases). The concentration of serum C1q in the SIC group was significantly lower than that in the non-SIC group. Furthermore, A significant correlation was observed between serum C1q levels and both SIC score and coagulation indices. C1q demonstrated superior diagnostic and prognostic performance for SIC patients, as indicated by a higher area under the curve (AUC). Notably, when combined with CRP, PCT, and SOFA score, C1q displayed the most robust diagnostic efficacy for SIC. Moreover, the combination of C1q with the SOFA score heightened predictive value concerning the 28-day mortality of SIC patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , Complemento C1q , Sepse , Humanos , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Masculino , Feminino , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complemento C1q/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue
14.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712225

RESUMO

Cell density, the ratio of cell mass to volume, is an indicator of molecular crowding and therefore a fundamental determinant of cell state and function. However, existing density measurements lack the precision or throughput to quantify subtle differences in cell states, particularly in primary samples. Here we present an approach for measuring the density of 30,000 single cells per hour with a precision of 0.03% (0.0003 g/mL) by integrating fluorescence exclusion microscopy with a suspended microchannel resonator. Applying this approach to human lymphocytes, we discovered that cell density and its variation decrease as cells transition from quiescence to a proliferative state, suggesting that the level of molecular crowding decreases and becomes more regulated upon entry into the cell cycle. Using a pancreatic cancer patient-derived xenograft model, we found that the ex vivo density response of primary tumor cells to drug treatment can predict in vivo tumor growth response. Our method reveals unexpected behavior in molecular crowding during cell state transitions and suggests density as a new biomarker for functional precision medicine.

15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732790

RESUMO

With the development of biometric identification technology, finger vein identification has received more and more widespread attention for its security, efficiency, and stability. However, because of the performance of the current standard finger vein image acquisition device and the complex internal organization of the finger, the acquired images are often heavily degraded and have lost their texture characteristics. This makes the topology of the finger veins inconspicuous or even difficult to distinguish, greatly affecting the identification accuracy. Therefore, this paper proposes a finger vein image recovery and enhancement algorithm using atmospheric scattering theory. Firstly, to normalize the local over-bright and over-dark regions of finger vein images within a certain threshold, the Gamma transform method is improved in this paper to correct and measure the gray value of a given image. Then, we reconstruct the image based on atmospheric scattering theory and design a pixel mutation filter to segment the venous and non-venous contact zones. Finally, the degraded finger vein images are recovered and enhanced by global image gray value normalization. Experiments on SDUMLA-HMT and ZJ-UVM datasets show that our proposed method effectively achieves the recovery and enhancement of degraded finger vein images. The image restoration and enhancement algorithm proposed in this paper performs well in finger vein recognition using traditional methods, machine learning, and deep learning. The recognition accuracy of the processed image is improved by more than 10% compared to the original image.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Dedos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Veias , Humanos , Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Identificação Biométrica/métodos , Atmosfera
16.
Biomed Mater ; 19(4)2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729172

RESUMO

The sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging mainly depend on the relaxation capacity of contrast agents (CAs) and their accumulated amount at the pathological region. Due to the better biocompatibility and high-spin capacity, Fe-complexes have been studied widely as an alternative to replace popular Gd-based CAs associated with potential biotoxicity. Compared with a variety of Fe complex-based CAs, such as small molecular, macrocyclic, multinuclear complexes, the form of nanoparticle exhibits outstanding longitudinal relaxation, but the clinical transformation was still limited by the inconspicuous difference of contrast between tumor and normal tissue. The enhanced effect of contrast is a positive relation as relaxation of CAs and their concentration in desired region. To specifically improve the amount of CAs accumulated in the tumor, pH-responsive polymer poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PEOz) was modified on melanin, a ubiquitous natural pigment providing much active sites for chelating with Fe(III). The Fe(III)-Mel-PEOz we prepared could raise the tumor cell endocytosis efficiency via switching surface charge from anion to cation with the stimuli of the decreasing pH of tumor microenvironment. The change of pH has negligible effect on ther1of Fe(III)-Mel-PEOz, which is always maintained at around 1.0 mM-1s-1at 0.5 T. Moreover, Fe(III)-Mel-PEOz exhibited low cytotoxicity, and satisfactory enhancement of positive contrast effectin vivo. The excellent biocompatibility and stable relaxation demonstrate the high potential of Fe(III)-Mel-PEOz in the diagnosis of tumor.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Meios de Contraste , Ferro , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Melaninas , Melaninas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Meios de Contraste/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Humanos , Ferro/química , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Poliaminas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696652

RESUMO

Pear ring rot, caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea, is the most serious disease of pear (Pyrus spp.) trees. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying pear resistance to B. dothidea remain elusive. Herein, we demonstrated that the pear AuTophagy-related Gene 1a (PbrATG1a) plays a key role in autophagic activity and resistance to B. dothidea. Stable overexpression of PbrATG1a enhanced resistance to B. dothidea in pear calli. Autophagy activity was greater in PbrATG1a overexpressing calli than in WT calli. We used yeast one-hybrid screening to identify a transcription factor, Related to ABI3 and VP1 (Pbr3RAV2), that binds the promoter of PbrATG1a and enhances pear resistance to B. dothidea by regulating autophagic activity. Specifically, overexpression of Pbr3RAV2 enhanced resistance to B. dothidea in pear calli, while transient silencing of Pbr3RAV2 resulted in compromised resistance to B. dothidea in Pyrus betulaefolia. In addition, we identified Transparent Testa Glabra 1 (PbrTTG1), which interacts with Pbr3RAV2. Pathogen infection enhanced the interaction between Pbr3RAV2 and PbrTTG1. The Pbr3RAV2-PbrTTG1 complex increased the binding capacity of Pbr3RAV2 and transcription of PbrATG1a. In addition to providing insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying pear disease resistance, these findings suggest potential genetic targets for enhancing disease resistance in pear.

18.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(5): e14757, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the improvement of emergency techniques, the survival rate of patients with severe brain injury has increased. However, this has also led to an annual increase in the number of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (pDoC). Hence, recovery of consciousness is an important part of treatment. With advancing techniques, noninvasive neuromodulation seems a promising intervention. The objective of this review was to summarize the latest techniques and provide the basis for protocols of noninvasive neuromodulations in pDoC. METHODS: This review summarized the advances in noninvasive neuromodulation in the treatment of pDoC in the last 5 years. RESULTS: Variable techniques of neuromodulation are used in pDoC. Transcranial ultrasonic stimulation (TUS) and transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) are very new techniques, while transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) are still the hotspots in pDoC. Median nerve electrical stimulation (MNS) has received little attention in the last 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Noninvasive neuromodulation is a valuable and promising technique to treat pDoC. Further studies are needed to determine a unified stimulus protocol to achieve optimal effects as well as safety.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Consciência , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Humanos , Transtornos da Consciência/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/tendências , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua/métodos , Estimulação do Nervo Vago/métodos , Estimulação do Nervo Vago/tendências , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/tendências
19.
Pain Rep ; 9(3): e1163, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756786

RESUMO

Introduction: Postoperative rebound pain after peripheral nerve block increases patient suffering and delays recovery after surgery. Objectives: We tested whether the 5HT-3 receptor antagonist and α7nAChR agonist tropisetron could prevent postoperative rebound pain. Methods: A total of 115 patients were randomized to receive 5-mg/5-mL tropisetron or the same volume of normal saline. Pain intensity was measured with the numerical rating scale of pain (NRS). Rebound pain was defined as a change from mild pain (NRS ≤ 3) measured in the postanesthesia care unit to severe pain (NRS ≥ 7) within 24 hours after peripheral nerve blockade. Logistic regression was used to identify relevant factors associated with postoperative rebound pain. Results: Tropisetron did not affect the NRS score or the incidence of rebound pain after peripheral nerve block. Logistic regression revealed that preoperative pain, bone surgery, and length of incision were risk factors for postoperative rebound pain, and patient-controlled analgesia was protective against postoperative rebound pain. Conclusion: Tropisetron does not affect the incidence of rebound pain after peripheral nerve block. Patients at high risk of postoperative rebound pain should be identified for appropriate management. Registration site: www.chictr.org.cn (ChiCTR2300069994).

20.
World J Diabetes ; 15(5): 958-976, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Synaptotagmins (SYTs) are a family of 17 membrane transporters that function as calcium ion sensors during the release of Ca2+-dependent neurotransmitters and hormones. However, few studies have reported whether members of the SYT family play a role in glucose uptake in diabetic retinopathy (DR) through Ca2+/glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) and the possible regulatory mechanism of SYTs. AIM: To elucidate the role of the SYT family in the regulation of glucose transport in retinal pigment epithelial cells and explore its potential as a therapeutic target for the clinical management of DR. METHODS: DR was induced by streptozotocin in C57BL/6J mice and by high glucose medium in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19). Bioinformatics analysis, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, flow cytometry, ELISA, HE staining, and TUNEL staining were used for analysis. RESULTS: Six differentially expressed proteins (SYT2, SYT3, SYT4, SYT7, SYT11, and SYT13) were found between the DR and control groups, and SYT4 was highly expressed. Hyperglycemia induces SYT4 overexpression, manipulates Ca2+ influx to induce GLUT1 fusion with the plasma membrane, promotes abnormal expression of the glucose transporter GLUT1 and excessive glucose uptake, induces ARPE-19 cell apoptosis, and promotes DR progression. Parkin deficiency inhibits the proteasomal degradation of SYT4 in DR, resulting in SYT4 accumulation and enhanced GLUT1 fusion with the plasma membrane, and these effects were blocked by oe-Parkin treatment. Moreover, dysregulation of the myelin transcription factor 1 (Myt1)-induced transcription of SYT4 in DR further activated the SYT4-mediated stimulus-secretion coupling process, and this process was inhibited in the oe-MYT1-treated group. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals the key role of SYT4 in regulating glucose transport in retinal pigment epithelial cells during the pathogenesis of DR and the underlying mechanism and suggests potential therapeutic targets for clinical DR.

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