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1.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124929, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561158

RESUMO

An UV enhanced electro-Fenton (EF) process was conducted in a flow-through system to remove rhodamine B (RhB) in the presence of ethylenediamine tetraacetate (EDTA). The process was denoted as UV/EDTA/EF where EDTA formed complexes with iron ions, thus keeping them soluble at high pH values. The process was very efficient as it could initiate the fast reduction of FeIII to FeII and thus the decomposition of H2O2. The influence of Fe dose, the ratio of EDTA:Fe, aeration rate, flow rate, current, initial RhB concentration and pH on the RhB removal in the UV/EDTA/EF process was investigated. The best RhB removal was obtained as 89.9% at [Fe]0 = [EDTA]0 = 0.2 mM, current = 50 mA, aeration rate = 20 mL min-1, flow rate = 7 mL min-1, pH = 7 and [Na2SO4]0 = 0.05 M. The degradation of EDTA during the process was also studied. Radical scavenging experiments indicated that OH was the dominant radical for RhB removal. While, the photolysis of FeIIIEDTA was mainly responsible for EDTA degradation. RhB and EDTA removal in different systems was compared. The stability test proved that in the presence of EDTA, the UV/EF process could remove RhB with high efficiency in the first two runs. While, the efficiency dropped remarkably after EDTA's complete depletion. The mechanisms of the UV/EDTA/EF process were proposed. UV/EDTA/EF conducted in the flow-through system was able to efficiently remove RhB as well as EDTA in a wide pH range and proposed as a promising approach for wastewater treatment.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122269, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669868

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa SG produced 7.06 g/L and 10.32 g/L of rhamnolipids using glucose or soybean oil. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose contained 8 mono-rhamnolipids homologues and 6 di-rhamnolipids homologues with ratio of 61.46%:38.54%. Rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil contained 9 mono-rhamnolipids and 8 di-rhamnolipids homologues with ratio of 58.68%:41.32%. The main homologues produced from soybean oil possessed longer carbon chain of fatty acid. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose decreased surface tension to 26.3 mN/m with critical micelle concentration (CMC) of 50 mg/L; rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil reduced surface tension to 28.1 mN/m with CMC of 60 mg/L. Two rhamnolipids products were thermo-stable and halo-tolerant. Two rhamnolipids products efficiently cleaned oily sludge. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose possessed better surface activity and antimicrobial activity. Rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil exhibited greater emulsifying activity (EI24 = 76.1%) to better reduce oil viscosity. Different substrates make P. aeruginosa produce diverse rhamnolipids with distinct application potential.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Tensoativos , Glicolipídeos , Tensão Superficial
3.
Food Chem ; 303: 125404, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466033

RESUMO

Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy calibrations were developed to simultaneously determine the multianalytes of five artificial sweeteners, including sodium cyclamate, sucralose, sodium saccharin, acesulfame-K and aspartame. By combining the pretreatment of the spectrum and principal component analysis, 131 feature wavenumbers were extracted from the full spectral range for modelling to qualitative and quantitative analysis. Compared to random forest, k nearest neighbour and linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine model had better predictivity, indicating the most effective identification performance. Furthermore, multivariate calibration models based on partial least squares regression were constructed for quantifying any combinations of the five artificial sweeteners, and validated by prediction data sets. As shown by the good agreement between the proposed method and the reference HPLC for the determination of the sweeteners in beverage samples, a promising and rapid tool based on FTIR spectroscopy, coupled with chemometrics, has been performed to identify and objectively quantify artificial sweeteners.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Edulcorantes/análise , Aspartame/análise , Bebidas/análise , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ciclamatos/análise , Aprendizado de Máquina , Análise de Componente Principal , Sacarina/análise , Tiazinas/análise
4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 147: 111789, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655383

RESUMO

A novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was developed for high sensitive and selective detection of miRNA-21 based on the efficient and specific toehold-mediated strand displacement (TMSD) amplification with Ru(phen)32+ loaded DNA nanoclews (NCs-Ru(phen)32+) as signal tags. The stable DNA nanoclews, synthesized by a simple rolling circle amplification reaction, were employed to load with Ru(phen)32+ efficiently as ECL signal tags to amplify the signals. As for TMSD, the substrate strand (Sub) was initially hybridized with P1 and P2 to form DNA duplex structures with a toehold 1. miRNA-21 could hybridize with the toehold 1 and trigger the TMSD amplification with the help of assist strand, releasing lots of P1 stands from DNA duplex structures. The TMSD technique realized the converting and amplification of the single miRNA-21 input to lots of output DNA (namely P1) with good selectivity, simultaneously. Output P1 were designed to expand the stem-locked region of HP, which were immobilized on the Au electrodes firstly. Subsequently, the opened HP could hybridize with the Ru(phen)32+, capturing the ECL signal tags closed to the sensing surface. The ECL intensity of the system had a linear relationship with the logarithm of the miRNA-21 concentration in the range of 1.0 fM to 100 pM with a limit of detection of 0.65 fM. The strategy was further applied to detect miRNA-21 in complex samples, and the result was consistent with the qRT-PCR.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 701-708, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383065

RESUMO

In the present study we developed novel luminescent magnetic nanocomposites termed Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots. First, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by the coprecipitation method. The nanoparticles were then coated with polyaniline using the in situ growth method to form Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids, which were endowed with amino functional groups on the surface and avoided the aggregation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The X-ray diffraction pattern demonstrated that the crystalline phase of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles was an inverse spinel structure and was not changed in the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids. The saturation magnetization and the coercive force of the as-prepared Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids measured by a vibrating sample magnetizer were 63.7 emu·g-1 and zero respectively, which indicated that the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids exhibited excellent superparamagnetism. The Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids were conjugated with carbon dots, prepared from orange juice, via the amide bond between the amino groups on the surface of the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids and the carboxyl groups on the surface of carbon dots. The obtained luminescent magnetic nanocomposites Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots showed good photoluminescent properties, which hinted that the nanocomposites have potential in drug tracing and magnetic targeted drug delivery. Finally, the anticancer drug methotrexate was loaded into the Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots nanocomposites, forming a novel magnetic targeted drug delivery system. The results confirmed that the novel drug delivery system exhibited excellent drug-loading capability for methotrexate of ca. 70%, and emits strong fluorescence at the wavelength of 360 nm. An in vitro release experiment of the drug delivery system indicated that the cumulative release percentage of methotrexate was 17.2% in the phosphate-buffered saline (pH = 7.4) within 36 h.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121090, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476718

RESUMO

Fenton reaction is widely used for hazardous pollutant degradation. Reducing agents (RAs) have been proven to be efficient in promoting the generation of HO• in Fenton reaction by accelerating the redox cycle of Fe3+/Fe2+. However, the roles of different RAs in Fenton reaction remain unrevealed. In this work, the catalytic activity of three RAs, i.e., hydroxylamine (NH2OH), ascorbic acid (AA) and cysteine (Cys), on the degradation of benzoic acid (BA) and the hydroxyl radical formation in the Fenton-RAs system were investigated. Results show the catalytic performance of RAs in BA degradation by Fenton reaction followed an order of NH2OH > AA > Cys. Compared with the conventional Fenton system, the effective pH range in the Fenton-NH2OH system extended from 3.0 to 5.0, while the optimal pH in the Fenton-AA and Fenton-Cys systems ranged from 3.0 to 4.0. The Fenton-AA system exhibited a two-stage reaction toward BA degradation, which was different from the Fenton-NH2OH and Fenton-Cys systems. Furthermore, the dosing manner of AA was found to be a key factor governing its role in the Fenton-AA system. This observation suggests the different mechanisms behind the enhancement of the three RAs in Fenton system. Different from NH2OH and Cys, AA would inhibit the generation of HO•, especially at the fast stage of degradation process, where Fe3+ has not accumulated yet. In addition, the economic analysis using the electrical energy per order indicates Fenton-NH2OH system was economically feasible with the lowest energy input, compared to Fenton-AA and Fenton-Cys systems. These results are useful to better understand the roles of RAs in Fenton system, and also provide guidance about the selection and dosing manner of suitable RAs in the advanced oxidation processes.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121096, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491666

RESUMO

Blue TiO2 nanotube arrays (Blue-TNTs) were fabricated via an electrochemical reduction method with formic acid as the electrolyte. The optimum reduction conditions were obtained as bias potential of -1.3 V, reduction time of 5 min and formic acid of 3 M. Blue-TNTs were remarkably corroded compared with the intact TNTs. Similar crystal structures of the two catalysts were observed using X-ray diffraction, while red-shift was observed for Blue-TNTs using Raman spectra. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated of the presence of Ti3+ in Blue-TNTs that resulted from the reduction of Ti4+ and reduced the resistance of the catalyst. Blue-TNTs exhibited much stronger light-absorption than intact TNTs over the entire ultraviolet-visible region, especially in the visible region. The catalyst was used toward the photoelectrochemical oxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) for the first time where the influencing factors were studied. Photoelectrocatalysis with Blue-TNTs presented a 2,4-D degradation rate constant (0.0295 min-1) more than twice the sum of that of electrocatalysis (0.0055 min-1) and photocatalysis (0.0089 min-1). Blue-TNTs fabricated in formic acid showed a better photoelectrocatalytic performance for 2,4-D removal compared with that prepared in ethylene glycol, Na2SO4 and NaNO3 solution. Blue-TNTs is considered to be a promising photoelectric anode for contaminant degradation.

8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 308-314, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peanut is among the most common of food allergies, and one of its allergens is Ara h 2. A previous study revealed that this allergen was recognized by serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) in over 90% of a peanut-allergic patient population. Enzymatic cross-linking is a popular processing method used to tailor food functionality, such as antigenicity. RESULT: The cross-linking reactions of Ara h 2 were catalyzed by polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and the relevant reaction sites were identified using mass spectrometry and StavroX software. Two pairs of intramolecular cross-linking peptides and two intermolecular cross-linking peptides were found. Intramolecular cross-linking was speculated to occur between ARG131 (amino acids 116-131) and TYR65 (amino acids 63-80) and between TYR60 (amino acids 56-62) and ARG92 (amino acids 92-102); the intermolecular cross-linking sites were ARG31 with TYR84 or TYR89 and TYR65 or TYR72 with ARG92 or ARG102 . Three out of four cross-linking peptides were found in α-helices, and destruction of this secondary structure resulted in a loose tertiary structure. Although seven linear allergen epitopes were involved in cross-linking, the IgE binding capacity of protein changed slightly, while its sensitization potential decreased in mouse model. CONCLUSION: Exploring the structural change of Ara h 2 after cross-linking is beneficial in further understanding the influence of structure on sensitization. This result indicated the future possibility of precision processing on structure of proteins to improve their properties. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

9.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 57: 68-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Major and trace elements play an important role in human body, and it has been reported that ionomic distribution differ greatly in tumor patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy on the ionomic profile in human plasma as a potential biomarker for the therapeutic effects of cervical cancer. METHOD: Thirty-seven patients with cervical cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy were included in this study, pretherapy and post-treatment blood samples were collected and concentrations of 24 ions were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). RESULTS: The results showed that after cisplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy, patients' plasma Pt level significantly increased, Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Se, Cu, Zn, Se, Sr, Ba levels significantly decreased (P < 0.01), and Al, Cu ions were significantly correlated with the treatment effect (P < 0.05). In addition, the pattern of elemental correlations changed dramatically after the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that the plasma ionomic profile may serve as a quick and convenient tool to reflect the therapeutic effect of cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy in cervical cancer patients, and supplement of certain essential elements may be of great importance for the maintenance of ion homeostasis in human body and for the reduction of adverse effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109837, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683044

RESUMO

Drinking water samples were collected from 71 cities, including 28 provincial capital cities or municipalities, 20 prefecture cities and 23 counties, of 31 provincial-level administrative regions in China from July to August in 2017. Futhermore, 24 Antibiotic Resistance Genes (ARGs), 16S rRNA and 2 integrase genes were quantified by qPCR to investigate the pollution degree of ARGs. The results revealed that the 16S ranged from 105 - 108 copies/100 mL in the drinking water, and its treatment process could effectively remove bacteria. Moreover, sulfonamides-ARGs were the most prevalent ARGs in the drinking water of China, and the abundance of blaTEM ranked top five in all cities among the selected ARGs, indicating that the pollution condition of the genes should be aroused more attention. The data of qPCR and correlation analyses indicated that intI1 played a more crucial role than intI2 in the propagation of ARGs in the drinking water. Additionally, the pollution degree of ARGs among different city types showed no significant difference.

11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109921, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711778

RESUMO

The presence of pesticides in water has emerged as a momentous environmental issue over the past decades. Herein, a terbium doped Ti/PbO2 (denoted as Ti/PbO2-Tb) dimensionally stable Ti/PbO2-Tb anode has been successfully prepared by one-step electrodeposition path for electrocatalytic degradation of imidacloprid (IMD) wastewater with high efficiency. Ti/PbO2-Tb electrode presents higher oxygen evolution potential, lower charge transfer resistance, stronger stability, longer service lifetime and outstanding electrocatalytic activity than Ti/PbO2 electrode. The optimum condition for IMD oxidation is obtained by analyzing the effects of some critical operating parameters including temperature, initial pH, current density and electrolyte concentration. It is proved that 70.05% of chemical oxygen demand and 76.07% of IMD are removed after 2.5 h of degradation under current density of 8 mA cm-2, pH 9, temperature 30 °C and 7.0 g L-1 NaCl electrolyte. In addition, the electrode displays commendable energy saving property as well as favorable reusability. The degradation mechanism of IMD is proposed by analyzing the intermediates identified by LC-MS. The present research provides a feasible strategy to degrade IMD wastewater by Ti/PbO2-Tb electrode.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134777, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704411

RESUMO

High concentration of manganese (Mn) in groundwater is a major concern because of its harmful to human health, and the origin of which in urbanized areas is often complicated. The present study aims to delineate spatial distributions of groundwater Mn in various aquifers and in areas with different urbanization levels in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), and to identify the origins of groundwater Mn in this region. Nearly 400 groundwater samples collected, and 14 chemicals were analyzed. The results show that approximately 20% groundwater in granular aquifers showed elevated-Mn (>0.4 mg/L), and was more than two times of that in fissured aquifers, while that in karst aquifers was absent. The proportions of elevated-Mn groundwater in urbanized areas and peri-urban areas were higher than that in non-urbanized areas. The decomposition of organic matter and reduction of Fe (hydr)oxides in sediments with reducing condition was likely to be the main factor controlling elevated-Mn groundwater in granular aquifers at a regional scale. By contrast, elevated-Mn groundwater in fissured aquifers was likely mainly affected by the urbanization accompanied with the leakage of low-oxygen domestic sewage and the industrialization accompanied by the leakage of industrial wastewater. In addition, Mn-rich surface water was also probably an important source for groundwater Mn in river network areas. Therefore, it is necessary to make a long-term monitoring for groundwater Mn in granular aquifers, especially in urbanized areas and river network areas, because of the high proportion of elevated-Mn.

13.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117415, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374352

RESUMO

A simple fluorescent strategy based on the formation of triple-helix molecular switch (THMS) between a signal transduction probe (STP) and an aptamer (Apt) was constructed for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP). A weak fluorescence intensity was observed for STP solution due to the proximity of fluorophore and quencher through intramolecular DNA hybridization, causing the fluorescence quenching. The fluorescence intensity of the system was significantly enhanced after the addition of Apt. It was attributed to the formation of THMS between the Apt and STP through the Watson-Crick and Hoogsteen base pairing, resulting in the restoration of fluorescence because of the long distance between the fluorophore and quencher of STP. The fluorescence intensity of the system decreased due to the release of STP caused by the specific binding between Apt and CAP. The quantitative analysis of CAP could be achieved based on the decreased fluorescence intensity. The parameters affecting the performance of THMS including the Apt arm length, pH of buffer solution, Mg2+ concentration and the formation time of THMS were investigated in detail. Under the optimal conditions (Apt arm length of 9 bases, pH of 6.5, 2.5 × 103 µmol L-1 Mg2+, THMS formation time of 30 min), the decreased fluorescence intensity and the concentration of chloramphenicol were linear in the range of 5.0 × 10-3-2.0 × 10-1 µmol L-1 with the correlation coefficient of 0.9963. The limit of detection was 1.2 nmol L-1. Subsequently, the developed method was applied to the analysis of chloramphenicol in honey sample, and the recovery was between 84.5% and 103.0% with relative standard deviation less than 4.6%.

14.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124594, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445334

RESUMO

Enhancing the biodegradation efficiency of atrazine, a kind of commonly applied herbicide, has been attracted much more concern. Here, Zn2+ which has long been considered essential in adjusting cell physiological status was selected to investigate its role on the biodegradation of atrazine by Arthrobacter sp. DNS10 as well as the transmembrane transport of atrazine during the biodegradation period. The results of gas chromatography showed that the atrazine removal percentages (initial concentration was 100 mg L-1) in 0.05 mM Zn2+ and 1.0 mM Zn2+ treatments were 94.42% and 86.02% respectively at 48 h, while there was also 66.43% of atrazine left in the treatment without exogenous Zn2+ existence. The expression of atrazine chlorohydrolase gene trzN in the strain DNS10 cultured with 0.05 mM and 1.0 mM Zn2+ was 7.30- and 4.67- times respectively compared with that of the non-zinc treatment. In addition, the flow cytometry test suggests that 0.05 mM of Zn2+ could better adjust the membrane permeability of strain DNS10, meanwhile, the amount of atrazine accumulation in the strain DNS10 co-cultured with this level Zn2+ was 2.21 times of that of the strain without Zn2+. This study may facilitate a better understanding of the mechanisms that exogenous Zn2+ enhances the biodegradation of atrazine by Arthrobacter sp. DNS10.

15.
Gene ; 723: 144142, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589957

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an epigenetic alteration that may lead to carcinogenesis by silencing key tumor suppressor genes. Hypermethylation of the paired box gene 1 (PAX1) promoter is important in cervical cancer development. Here, PAX1 methylation levels were compared between Uyghur and Han patients with cervical lesions. Data on PAX1 methylation in different cervical lesions were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, whereas data on survival and PAX1 mRNA expression in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. MassARRAY spectrometry was used to detect methylation of 19 CpG sites in the promoter region of PAX1, whereas gene mass spectrograms were drawn by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction. PAX1 methylation in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and ICC was significantly higher than in normal tissues. PAX1 hypermethylation was associated with poor prognosis and reduced transcription. ICC-specific PAX1 promoter methylation involved distinct CpG sites in Uyghur and Han patients HPV16 infection in HSIL and ICC patient was significantly higher than in normal women (p < 0.05). Our study revealed a strong association between PAX1 methylation and the development of cervical cancer. Moreover, hypermethylation of distinct CpG sites may induce HSIL transformation into ICC in both Uyghur and Han patients. Our results suggest the existence of ethnic differences in the genetic susceptibility to cervical cancer. Finally, PAX1 methylation and HPV infection exhibited synergistic effects on cervical carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Metilação de DNA , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , China/etnologia , DNA Viral/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Regulação para Baixo , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784085

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the leading causes of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders. Although lipid peroxides are produced in AP, it is unknown if targeting lipid peroxides prevents AP. This study aimed to investigate the role of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), a critical enzyme for lipid peroxide degradation, in AP and the possible underlying mechanisms. Cerulein was used to induce AP in C57BL/6 J male mice and pancreatic acinar cells were used to elucidate underlying mechanisms in vitro. Pancreatic enzymes in the serum, lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), and Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were measured. ALDH2 activation with a small-molecule activator, Alda-1, reduced the levels of the pancreatic enzymes in the serum and the lipid peroxidation products MDA and 4-HNE. In addition, Alda-1 decreased Bax and cleaved caspase-3 expression and increased Bcl-2 expression in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, ALDH2 activation by Alda-1 has a protective effect in cerulein-induced AP by mitigating apoptosis in pancreatic acinar cells by alleviating lipid peroxidation.

17.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9192-9199, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) has been widely used as a treatment for severe spinal deformity. By using the canine model of vertebral column resection, this study explored the effect of spinal shortening on blood flow and function of the spinal cord during spinal cord angulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS The canine model of L1 vertebral column resection was constructed with the PVCR technique. The canines were divided into 5 groups according to the degree of shortening: the 0/4 group, the 1/4 group, the 2/4 group, the 3/4 group, and the control group. Spinal cord blood flow, neuroelectrophysiology, HE staining, nitric oxide, and endothelin-1 were measured during the procedure of vertebral column resection and spinal cord angulation. RESULTS The results showed that, in the 1/4 group and the 2/4 group, the blood flow of the spinal cord decreased by 16.5% and 10.6%, respectively, with no obvious damage in the spinal cord; in the 0/4 group and the 3/4 group, the blood flow decreased by 23.5% and 23.1%, respectively, with significant damage in the spinal cord. CONCLUSIONS When the spinal cord is shortened by 1/4 to 2/4, the tolerance of the spinal cord can increase and spinal cord injury resulting from angulation can be avoided. However, when the shortening reaches 3/4, it is harmful to the spinal cord. Proper shortening of the spinal cord by 1/4 to 2/4 may increase the tolerance of the spinal cord to the damage caused by angulation during PVCR.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135091, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785906

RESUMO

Plastic pollution, especially microplastic (MP), which is small in size (<5 mm) is one of the main environmental problems in global ecosystems and can cause harm to organisms. Low-density plastic has been widely used in farmlands, but the factors that influence Low-density microplastic (LDMP) distribution are still not clear. In this study, both field investigations at small and large scales and laboratory simulations, and both geostatistics and classical statistics were used to examine LDMP distributions and the main driving factors in farmland soils. The results showed the following. (1) Only polyethylene (PE) of LDMP was found in farmland. (2) The means of LDMP weight content (LDMP-W), LDMP abundance (LDMP-AB) and LDMP area content (LDMP-A) were 0.27 mg kg-1, 107 N kg-1 and 12.6 mm2 kg-1 in mollisol farmlands, respectively. (3) LDMPs were positively correlated with macroplastics (MAP) at the large scale, while any correlations were not obvious at small scales. (4) LDMPs were not only transported by surface soil-water loss (>96%) but were also transported by infiltration through soil pores (<4%). (5). LDMP loss increased with soil bulk density (BD) increasing, and low BD tends to increase LDMP loss by interflow. (6) LDMP distribution was not only influenced by water movement but also maybe influenced by microorganisms and crops. For LDMP pollution control, the focus on both surface soil-water loss and the infiltration processes is necessary, and a combination of the functions of microorganisms and crops probably accelerate LDMP decomposition in soils.

19.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787729

RESUMO

Autophagy can remodel skeletal muscle in response to exercise. However, excessive autophagy can have adverse effects on skeletal muscle. Although Rhodiola crenulata (R. crenulata) is thought to regulate autophagy, its active ingredients and mechanisms of action remain unclear. In this study, molecular docking and network pharmacology were used to screen for autophagy-related targets of R. crenulata. Subsequently, protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis was used to find the relationships between the inverse docking targets and autophagy-related targets and therefore highlight the key targets. And then the DAVID database was recruited to explain the functions and enrichment pathways of the target proteins. Finally, the potential targets were validated by immunohistochemistry of a mouse model of exhaustive exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury. We found a network of 15 major constituents of R. crenulata with 30 autophagy-related and 105 inverse-docking targets by molecular docking and network pharmacology. The results of PPI analysis indicated that 16 inverse-docking targets interacted 8 autophagy-related proteins. Further pathway analysis showed that R. crenulata could regulate exercise-induced skeletal muscle autophagy through mTOR, AMPK and FoxO. The results of our animal experiments indicated that R. crenulata could suppress the expression of ATG12, BECN1 and ULK1, while increasing the expression of MTOR, SIRT1 and MAPT. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that R. crenulata may protect skeletal muscle injury induced by exhaustive exercise via regulating the mTOR, AMPK, and FoxO singling pathway.

20.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small extracellular vesicles (SEVs), have a diameter between 30-150nm and play a key role in cell-cell communication. As cells cultured in 3D versus 2D behave differently, this project aimed to assess whether there were differences in SEVs derived from human oral mucosa lamina propria-progenitor cells (OMLP-PCs) cultured in a 3D matrix compared to traditional 2D monolayer cultures. METHODS: OMLP-PCs were cultured in 3D type I collagen matrices or on traditional 2D tissue culture plastic. Cell morphology and viability were assessed by light microscopy, actin staining and trypan blue staining. SEVs secreted by OMLP-PCs were purified and quantitatively analyzed by a BCA assay and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA; nanosight™). SEVs were further characterized by flow cytometry. SEV proliferative function was assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. RESULTS: Cells cultured in 3D grew well as observed by light microscopy and phalloidin staining with cells branching in three-dimensions (as opposed to the cells grown as monolayers on tissue culture plastic). NTA demonstrated a significantly higher number of SEV-sized particles in the conditioned medium of cells grown in 3D type I collagen matrices versus a 2D monolayer (P<0.01). Like SEVs from 2D culture, SEVs from 3D culture demonstrated a particle size within the expected SEV range. Tetraspannin analysis confirmed that 3D-derived SEVs were positive for typical, expected tetraspannins. Cell proliferation analysis demonstrated that SEVs produced through 3D cell culture conditions, significantly reduced the proliferation of skin fibroblasts when compared to SEVs from 2D monolayers (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: 3D culture of OMLP-PCs produced typical SEVs but in a greater amount than when the same cells were cultured in 2D. The downstream proliferative potential of the SEVs was influenced by the initial culture methodology. Future work should now assess the potential effects of 3D SEVs on key wound healing activities.

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