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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114638, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530096

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been applied for more than 2000 years. However, modern basic research on the safety of TCMs is limited. Establishing safety evaluation technology in line with the characteristics of TCM and conducting large-scale basic toxicity research are keys to comprehensively understand the toxicity of TCMs. In recent years, zebrafish has been used as a model organism for toxicity assessment and is increasingly utilized for toxicity research of TCMs. Yet, a comprehensive review in using zebrafish as a toxicological model for TCMs is lacked. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aim to summarize the progress and limitation in toxicity evaluation of TCMs using zebrafish and put forward the future research ideas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scientific databases, including Springer, Science Direct, Wiley, Pubmed and China Knowledge Resource Integrated (CNKI) were searched using the key words of zebrafish, toxicology, traditional Chinese medicine, acute toxicity, liver injury, cardiotoxicity, kidney toxicity, developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, gastrointestinal irritation, immunotoxicity, ototoxicity, and osteotoxicity. RESULTS: Zebrafish assays are low experimental cost and short cycle, easily achieving high-throughput toxicity screening, and exemption from ethical legislation up to 5 dpf. It has been widely used to evaluate the acute toxicity, liver toxicity, cardiotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, gastrointestinal irritation, immunotoxicity, and ototoxicity caused by TCMs, although some physiological difference limited its application. CONCLUSIONS: Zebrafish is a powerful model for TCMs toxicity evaluation, but it is not flawless. The toxicity testing criterion and high throughput assays are urgent to be established. This review provides references for future studies.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 741015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722578

RESUMO

Background: Sepsis can cause unpredictable harm, and early identification of risk for mortality may be conducive to clinical diagnosis. The present study proposes to assess the efficacy of the monocyte/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) combined with the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the day of admission in predictive efficacy in the 28-day mortality risk in critical patients with sepsis. Material and Methods: We administered observational and retrospective cohort research from a single center. The correlation of the clinical variables, together with the system severity scores of APACHE II and SOFA, are displayed by correlation analysis, and a Cox regression model could be performed to screen the independent risk factors and estimate the capacity of multiple markers in predicting 28-day mortality. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve served as an applied method to output cutoff values for the diagnosis and prognostic risk, and the area under the ROC curve and net reclassification improvement index (NRI), as well as integrated discrimination improvement index (IDI) were employed to assess the feasibility of multiple parameters for predictive value in 28-day mortality of septic patients. Results: The study enrolled 274 eligible patients with sepsis. The correlation analysis indicated NLR and MHR were related to the sepsis severity. A multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that NLR together with MHR displayed a close relation to death rate after adjusting for other potential confounders (NLR, HR = 1.404 [95% CI 1.170-1.684], P < 0.001; MHR, HR = 1.217 [95% CI 1.112-1.331], P < 0.001). The AUC of NLR, MHR, NLR_MHR was 0.827, 0.876, and 0.934, respectively. The addition on the biomarker NLR_MHR to the prediction model improved IDI by 18.5% and NRI by 37.8%. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that NLR and MHR trend to an elevated level in non-surviving patients with sepsis. Evaluation of NLR_MHR, an independent risk factor for increased mortality, might improve the predictive efficacy for 28-day mortality risk in septic patients.

3.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730254

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory disease that varies in severity from mild to severe/fatal. Several risk factors for severe disease have been identified, notably age, male sex, and pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Several advancements in clinical care have been achieved over the past year, including the use of corticosteroids (e.g., corticosteroids) and other immune-modulatory treatments that have now become standard of care for patients with acute severe COVID-19. While the understanding of the mechanisms that underlie increased disease severity with age has improved over the past few months, it remains incomplete. Furthermore, the molecular impact of corticosteroid treatment on host response to acute SARS-CoV-2 infection has not been investigated. In this study, a cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of Ab, soluble immune mediators, and transcriptional responses in young (65 ≤ years) and aged (≥ 65 years) diabetic males with obesity hospitalized with acute severe COVID-19 was conducted. Additionally, the transcriptional profiles in samples obtained before and after corticosteroids became standard of care were compared. The analysis indicates that severe COVID-19 is characterized by robust Ab responses, heightened systemic inflammation, increased expression of genes related to inflammatory and pro-apoptotic processes, and reduced expression of those important for adaptive immunity regardless of age. In contrast, COVID-19 patients receiving steroids did not show high levels of systemic immune mediators and lacked transcriptional indicators of heightened inflammatory and apoptotic responses. Overall, these data suggest that inflammation and cell death are key drivers of severe COVID-19 pathogenesis in the absence of corticosteroid therapy.

4.
Front Immunol ; 12: 690470, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777332

RESUMO

Vaccination to prevent infectious disease is one of the most successful public health interventions ever developed. And yet, variability in individual vaccine effectiveness suggests that a better mechanistic understanding of vaccine-induced immune responses could improve vaccine design and efficacy. We have previously shown that protective antibody levels could be elicited in a subset of recipients with only a single dose of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine and that a wide range of antibody levels were elicited after three doses. The immune mechanisms responsible for this vaccine response variability is unclear. Using single cell RNA sequencing of sorted innate immune cell subsets, we identified two distinct myeloid dendritic cell subsets (NDRG1-expressing mDC2 and CDKN1C-expressing mDC4), the ratio of which at baseline (pre-vaccination) correlated with the immune response to a single dose of HBV vaccine. Our results suggest that the participants in our vaccine study were in one of two different dendritic cell dispositional states at baseline - an NDRG2-mDC2 state in which the vaccine elicited an antibody response after a single immunization or a CDKN1C-mDC4 state in which the vaccine required two or three doses for induction of antibody responses. To explore this correlation further, genes expressed in these mDC subsets were used for feature selection prior to the construction of predictive models using supervised canonical correlation machine learning. The resulting models showed an improved correlation with serum antibody titers in response to full vaccination. Taken together, these results suggest that the propensity of circulating dendritic cells toward either activation or suppression, their "dispositional endotype" at pre-vaccination baseline, could dictate response to vaccination.

5.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211059829, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787019

RESUMO

Mut L homolog-1 (MLH1) is a key DNA mismatch repair protein which participates in the sensitivity to DNA damaging agents. However, its role in the radiosensitivity of tumor cells is less well characterized. In this study, we investigated the role of MLH1 in cellular responses to ionizing radiation (IR) and explored the signaling molecules involved. The isogenic pair of MLH1 proficient (MLH1+) and deficient (MLH1-) human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells was exposed to IR for 24 h at the dose of 3 cGy. The clonogenic survival was examined by the colony formation assay. Cell cycle distribution was analyzed with flow cytometry. Changes in the protein level of MLH1, DNA damage marker γH2AX, and protein kinase A catalytic subunit (PRKAC), a common target for anti-tumor drugs, were examined with Western blotting. The results showed that the HCT116 (MLH1+) cells demonstrated increased radio-resistance with increased S population, decreased G2 population, a low level of γH2AX, a reduced ratio of phosphorylated PRKACαß to total PRKAC, and an elevated level of total PRKAC and phosphorylated PRKACßII following IR compared with the HCT116 (MLH1-) cells. Importantly, silencing PRKAC in HCT116 (MLH1+) cells increased the cellular radiosensitivity. In conclusion, MLH1 may increase cellular resistance to IR by activating PRKAC. Our finding is the first to demonstrate the important role of PRKAC in MLH1-mediated radiosensitivity, suggesting that PRKAC has potential as a biomarker and a therapeutic target for increasing radio-sensitization.

6.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787833

RESUMO

Environmental lead exposure is closely related to the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our previous study has shown that exposure to lead could result in the cholesterol unbalance and increase amyloid-beta (Aß) generation in the brain. However, the potential effect of lead exposure on Aß transportation is poorly reported. In this study, we sought to explore whether lead exposure in developmental ages impaired the integrity of BCSFB and BBB, two highly vascularized structures in the brain in a rat model. The Aß clearance in the liver was also assessed. Our results showed that lead treatment in developmental ages increased the number of TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells in rat choroid plexus and microvessels. Moreover, lead exposure markedly increased pro-inflammatory factors expression including TNF-α and IL-1ß in rat choroid plexus and microvessels. Interestingly, lead treatment increased the expression of AQP-1 and reduced the expression of TTR, two key proteins associated with the functions of choroid plexus and microvessels. Additionally, the expressions of ABCB1, LRP-1, and RAGE, three major receptors responsible for Aß transportation, were disturbed by developmental lead exposure. All these pathologies resulted in Aß1-40 deposition within BCSFB and BBB and malfunctions of these two vascularized structures. Finally, we found that lead treatment remarkably inhibited the gene expression of LRP-1, which is responsible for Aß endocytosis, in the liver tissue of the rat model. Collectively, our results provide the first evidence that developmental lead exposure induces Aß deposition in BCSFB and BBB and impairs Aß clearance in the liver, which would ultimately disturb Aß transportation via choroid plexus/brain microvessels and facilitate Aß deposition in the brain.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 112988, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808505

RESUMO

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a ubiquitous pollutant that results in hepatotoxicity. However, an understanding of the systematic mechanism of hepatic injury caused by DEHP remains limited. Here, we performed a comprehensive metabolomics and transcriptomics analyses to describe hepatic responses of rats to long-term DEHP exposure and, together with pathology and functional injury of liver, systematically analyzed the pathogenesis and mechanisms of liver damage. SD rats were exposed to 0 and 600 mg/kg/day DEHP for 12 weeks. Thereafter, biochemical indicators and histopathological changes regarding liver function were detected. Metabolomics and transcriptomics profiles of rat liver samples were analyzed using a UPLC-MS/MS system and Illumina Hiseq 4000, respectively. DEHP induced hepatocyte structural alterations and edema, depressed monooxygenase activity, decreased antioxidant activities, aggravated oxidative damage, blocked the tricarboxylic acid cycle and respiratory chain, and disturbed glucose homeostasis in the liver. These findings indicate that reactive oxygen species play a major role in these events. Overall, this study systematically depicts the comprehensive mechanisms of long-term DEHP exposure to liver injury and highlights the power of metabolomics and transcriptomics platforms in the mechanistic understanding of xenobiotic hepatotoxicity.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(48)2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810252

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial cells are exposed to shear stresses with disturbed vs. laminar flow patterns, which lead to proinflammatory vs. antiinflammatory phenotypes, respectively. Effective treatment against endothelial inflammation and the consequent atherogenesis requires the identification of new therapeutic molecules and the development of drugs targeting these molecules. Using Connectivity Map, we have identified vitexin, a natural flavonoid, as a compound that evokes the gene-expression changes caused by pulsatile shear, which mimics laminar flow with a clear direction, vs. oscillatory shear (OS), which mimics disturbed flow without a clear direction. Treatment with vitexin suppressed the endothelial inflammation induced by OS or tumor necrosis factor-α. Administration of vitexin to mice subjected to carotid partial ligation blocked the disturbed flow-induced endothelial inflammation and neointimal formation. In hyperlipidemic mice, treatment with vitexin ameliorated atherosclerosis. Using SuperPred, we predicted that apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease1 (APEX1) may directly interact with vitexin, and we experimentally verified their physical interactions. OS induced APEX1 nuclear translocation, which was inhibited by vitexin. OS promoted the binding of acetyltransferase p300 to APEX1, leading to its acetylation and nuclear translocation. Functionally, knocking down APEX1 with siRNA reversed the OS-induced proinflammatory phenotype, suggesting that APEX1 promotes inflammation by orchestrating the NF-κB pathway. Animal experiments with the partial ligation model indicated that overexpression of APEX1 negated the action of vitexin against endothelial inflammation, and that endothelial-specific deletion of APEX1 ameliorated atherogenesis. We thus propose targeting APEX1 with vitexin as a potential therapeutic strategy to alleviate atherosclerosis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748044

RESUMO

The mixed application of pesticides and foliar fertilizer has been widely used in the production of cucumber, however, their effects on plant growth and pesticide dissipation are still unclear. In this study, the effects of mixed application of pymetrozine, tebuconazole and foliar fertilizer on the cucumber plant growth and pesticide dissipation were investigated simultaneously. The results show that the mixed use of pymetrozine, tebuconazole, especially adding foliar fertilizer, improved the physiological indexes (i.e., area, nitrogen content and chlorophyll content of the leaves, and root growth) of cucumber plants compared to those with the application of single pesticide. Meanwhile, it can significantly affect the dissipation of pymetrozine even in the slower growth matrices (lower leaves, stems, and plants). The residue of tebuconazole in cucumber plants was affected by the combination of formulation type and foliar fertilizer. This study can provide data for scientifically guiding the mixed application of pesticide and fertilizer.

10.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 167, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disease in women at childbearing age. Several circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been demonstrated to be involved in PCOS. In this study, we aimed to explore the function and mechanism of circ_0043532 in PCOS. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the expression of circ_0043532, miR-182 and serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase family member 3 (SGK3). Cell proliferation was assessed by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry analysis was employed to evaluate cell cycle and cell apoptosis. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were conducted to verify the association between miR-182 and SGK3. Western blot assay was carried out to determine the protein level of SGK3. RESULTS: Circ_0043532 was markedly elevated in PCOS granulosa cells (GCs) and KGN cells. Silencing of circ_0043532 suppressed cell proliferation and cell cycle process and promoted cell apoptosis in PCOS GCs and KGN cells. For mechanistic analysis, circ_0043532 was identified as a sponge of miR-182 and SGK3 was confirmed to be a target gene of miR-182. Inhibition of miR-182 rescued the impacts of circ_0043532 interference on PCOS GCs and KGN cell progression. Moreover, miR-182 overexpression suppressed cell proliferation and cell cycle process and promoted cell apoptosis in PCOS GCs and KGN cells by targeting SGK3. CONCLUSION: Deficiency of circ_0043532 suppressed cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis in PCOS by modulation of miR-182/SGK3 axis.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older, compared with younger, patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) typically have lower response and remission rates with poorer tolerability to antidepressant treatment. This post-hoc analysis compared outcomes following treatment with esketamine nasal spray (ESK) between younger (18-64 years) and older (≥65 years) patients with TRD. METHODS: SUSTAIN-2, an up to 1-year open-label safety and efficacy study of ESK plus an oral antidepressant, included patients with TRD either directly enrolled (≥18-year) or transferred from a phase 3 double-blind study, TRANSFORM-3 (≥65-year). Patients were treated in two phases: 4-week induction and 48-week optimization/maintenance. RESULTS: Younger (n = 624) and older (n = 178) patients had similar baseline characteristics except for hypertension history (21.5% versus 48.3%, respectively). Patients (younger versus older) had similar mean baseline Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total scores and mean (SD) reductions in MADRS total scores for induction (-18.0 [7.19] versus -18.1 [9.37]; p = 0.492 [t = 0.69, df = 701]) and optimization/maintenance (week 12) (-19.9 [7.03] versus -22.2 [9.50]; p = 0.265 [t = -1.12, df = 3470]) phases. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) reported in younger versus older patients, respectively, were: induction, 86.1% versus 74.8%; optimization/maintenance, 86.8% versus 81.0%; serious TEAEs: induction, 2.2% versus 1.9%; optimization/maintenance, 6.7% versus 4.8%; TEAEs of increased blood pressure: induction, 6.9% versus 6.5%; optimization/maintenance, 7.1% versus 9.5%; and falls: induction, 0.3% versus 0.6%; optimization/maintenance, 0.2% versus 0.8%. Cognitive tests did not show clinically meaningful differences between the age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although limited by the open-label design of SUSTAIN-2, this post-hoc analysis showed generally comparable improvement in depression between ESK-treated younger and older adult patients with TRD, with consistent safety outcomes.

12.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771340

RESUMO

Modeling and simulation of the morphology evolution of immiscible polymer blends during injection molding is crucial for predicting and tailoring the products' performance. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art progress in the multiscale modeling and simulation of injection molding of polymer blends. Technological development of the injection molding simulation on a macroscale was surveyed in detail. The aspects of various models for morphology evolution on a mesoscale during injection molding were discussed. The current scale-bridging strategies between macroscopic mold-filling flow and mesoscopic morphology evolution, as well as the pros and cons of the solutions, were analyzed and compared. Finally, a comprehensive summary of the above models is presented, along with the outlook for future research in this field.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802237

RESUMO

With the advent of nanotechnology, DNA nanostructures have been widely applied in various fields, particularly biology and biomedicine. Tetrahedral framework nucleic acids (TFNAs), a novel type of DNA nanomaterial, have attracted considerable attention due to their simple synthesis, high accessibility, structural stability, and versatility. However, to date, the interaction of differently sized TFNAs with living systems and their ability to be endocytosed and biodistributed in mouse is still not fully understood. To screen for the optimal TFNA size and structures, TFNA endocytosis, proliferation, and migration were tested in adipose stem cells (ASCs). We found that the internalization of differently sized TFNAs in ASCs was remarkably different. Although all TFNAs could enter ASCs, T21 had the best membrane-penetrating ability. After exposure of ASCs to TFNAs of different sizes, the proliferation and migration of cells were enhanced, especially with T21. Importantly, T21 could access the brain and accumulate over time. This study improves our understanding of the influence of TFNA size on the biological behavior of ASCs, which will help in choosing optimal TFNA size for biomedical applications.

14.
Chemistry ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792222

RESUMO

In recent years, molecular ferroelectrics have received great attention due to their lightweight, mechanical flexibility, easy preparation and excellent ferroelectric properties. Among them, crown ether-based molecular ferroelectrics, which are typically composed of the host crown ethers, the guest cations anchored in the crown ethers, and the counterions, are of great interest because of the host-guest structure. Such a structure allows the components to occur order-disorder transition easily, which is beneficial for inducing ferroelectric phase transition. Herein, we summarized the research progress of crown ether host-guest molecular ferroelectrics, focusing on their crystal structure, phase transition, ferroelectric-related properties. In view of the small spontaneous polarization and uniaxial nature, we outlook the chemical design strategies for obtaining high-performance crown ether-based molecular ferroelectrics. This minireview will be of guiding significance for the future exploration of crown ether host-guest molecular ferroelectrics.

15.
Nat Neurosci ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795450

RESUMO

The striatum comprises multiple subdivisions and neural circuits that differentially control motor output. The islands of Calleja (IC) contain clusters of densely packed granule cells situated in the ventral striatum, predominantly in the olfactory tubercle (OT). Characterized by expression of the D3 dopamine receptor, the IC are evolutionally conserved, but have undefined functions. Here, we show that optogenetic activation of OT D3 neurons robustly initiates self-grooming in mice while suppressing other ongoing behaviors. Conversely, optogenetic inhibition of these neurons halts ongoing grooming, and genetic ablation reduces spontaneous grooming. Furthermore, OT D3 neurons show increased activity before and during grooming and influence local striatal output via synaptic connections with neighboring OT neurons (primarily spiny projection neurons), whose firing rates display grooming-related modulation. Our study uncovers a new role of the ventral striatum's IC in regulating motor output and has important implications for the neural control of grooming.

16.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 252: 109228, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744004

RESUMO

Sanguinarine, a plant phytoalexin, possesses extensive biological activities including antimicrobial, insecticidal, antitumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenesis effect. But its cardiotoxicity has rarely been studied. Here, we assess the cardiotoxicity of sanguinarine in vivo using larval zebrafish from 48 hpf to 96 hpf. The results show that sanguinarine caused severe malformation and the dysfunction of the heart including reductions of heart rate, red blood cell number, blood flow dynamics, stroke volume and increase of SV-BA distance, subintestinal venous congestion. Further studies showed that apoptosis in the zebrafish heart region was observed after sanguinarine exposure using TUNEL assay and AO staining method. In addition, the genes, such as sox9b, myl7, nkx2.5 and bmp10, which play crucial parts in the development and the function of the heart, were changed after sanguinarine treatment. caspase3, caspase9, bax and bcl2, apoptosis-related genes, were also altered by sanguinarine. Further studies were performed to study the cardiotoxicity in vitro using cardiomyocytes HL1 cell line. The results showed that remarkable increase of apoptosis and ROS level in HL1 cells were induced by sanguinarine. Moreover, the MAPK pathway (JNK and P38) were notably enhanced and involved in the cardiotoxicity induced by sanguinarine. Our findings will provide better understanding of sanguinarine in the toxic effect on heart.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790247

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed to observe the clinical effects of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine in treating severe preeclampsia (SPE) and its effects on maternal and infant outcomes after cesarean section under combined lumbar and epidural anesthesia. Method: One hundred and sixty-six pregnant women with SPE were randomly divided into an experimental group and control group, with 83 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional treatments such as magnesium sulfate, and the experimental group received self-made traditional Chinese medicine decoction for oral administration. Results: The total clinical effective rate of treatment in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group. After treatment, the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and 24 h proteinuria (24 h PRO) levels of the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group. After cesarean section (c-section) under combined lumbar and epidural anesthesia, there were statistically significant differences in placental abruption, uterine weakness, fetal intrauterine distress, and neonatal asphyxia in the experimental group, while there were no significant differences in oligohydramnios. After treatment, the contents of inflammatory factors in both groups decreased, and the decrease was more prominent in the experimental group. After treatment, the levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr), and albumin (Alb) and ß2 microglobulin (ß2-MG) of the two groups of patients decreased, and the levels of them in the experimental group decreased. After treatment, the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the two groups increased. However, the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxide (LPO), and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) all reduced, and the increase or decrease in the experimental group was more prominent. Conclusion: The combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine can reduce the blood pressure of a patient with SPE. After the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and cesarean section, it can significantly improve the maternal and infant outcomes and renal function, reduce inflammatory factors levels and body oxidative stress, and increase the activities of antioxidant enzymes.

18.
Analyst ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779444

RESUMO

Formaldehyde (FA), an economically important chemical, has become a global pollutant and poses a threat to human health. As a kind of reactive carbonyl species, the abnormal production and degradation of FA in cells are related to many diseases. Therefore, it is of great significance to detect FA on the cell membrane and identify the internal and external sources of FA to analyse the causes of FA-induced physiological and pathological changes. In this work, a novel fluorescent probe Mem-FA was constructed by combining a dodecyl chain to target the cell membrane. Based on photoinduced electron transfer (PET), the probe relies on hydrazine as the receptor for FA recognition. Through this mechanism, the probe can detect FA sensitively, selectively and quantitatively. In addition, the probe Mem-FA can detect FA in vivo, especially the endogenous FA produced by tetrahydrofolate in a one-carbon cycle. More importantly, the probe Mem-FA can sensitively detect and distinguish the internal and external sources of FA on the cell membrane. Therefore, Mem-FA is capable of specifically tracing the fluctuations of FA-induced diseases.

19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(10): 920-4, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of tension band combined with patellar cerclage and memory alloy patellar concentrator fixation in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella. METHODS: From July 2015 to July 2019, 60 patients with distal patellar fracture were treated and were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A, 30 patients were fixed with memory alloy patellar concentrator (NiTi PC), 17 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 71 (39.4±9.9) years, including 19 cases of falling injury, 9 cases of traffic injury and 2 cases of sports injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 75 (33.1±7.8) hours; 30 cases in group B were fixed with tension band andcerclage, 15 males and 15 females, aged 21 to 76 (38.6±10.2) years, including 17 cases of falling injury, 12 cases of traffic injury and 1 case of smashing injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 91 (34.5±9.1) hours. The curative effects of two groups were observed and compared. RESULTS: All 60 patients were followed up for 9 to 30 months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, operation time, follow-up time and fracture healing time between the two groups. Six months after operation, according to the Bostman function score of knee joint:30 cases in group A, the total score was 28.6±4.7, of which 26 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good. The total score of 30 cases in group B was 25.5±4.4, of which 20 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good and 2 cases were poor. There were significant differences in Bostman total score and curative effect evaluation between two groups (P<0.05). The score of group A was significantly better than that of group B. In group B, 1 case had Kirschner wire withdrawal, 2 cases had joint stiffness and 3 cases had internal fixation irritation. CONCLUSION: Memory alloy patellar concentrator is strong and reliable in the treatment of inferior patellar fracture. It can take early rehabilitation exercise after operation, with good recovery of joint function and range of motion and less complications.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Cominutivas , Adulto , Idoso , Fios Ortopédicos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Patela/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Front Neurol ; 12: 712773, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737720

RESUMO

CNTNAP2 (coding for protein Caspr2), a member of the neurexin family, plays an important role in the balance of excitatory and inhibitory post-synaptic currents (E/I balance). Here, we describe a novel pathogenic missense mutation in an infant with spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRSs) and intellectual disability. Genetic testing revealed a missense mutation, c.2329 C>G (p. R777G), in the CNTNAP2 gene. To explore the effect of this novel mutation, primary cultured neurons were transfected with wild type homo CNTNAP2 or R777G mutation and the morphology and function of neurons were evaluated. When compared with the vehicle control group or wild type group, the neurites and the membrane currents, including spontaneous excitatory post-synaptic currents (sEPSCs) and inhibitory post-synaptic currents (sIPSCs), in CNTNAP2 R777G mutation group were all decreased or weakened. Moreover, the action potentials (APs) were also impaired in CNTNAP2 R777G group. Therefore, CNTNAP2 R777G may lead to the imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory post-synaptic currents in neural network contributing to SRSs.

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