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1.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557073

RESUMO

Sperm capacitation is broadly defined as a suite of biochemical and biophysical changes resulting from the acquisition of fertilization ability. To gain insights into the regulation mechanism of crustacean sperm capacitation, 4D label-free quantitative proteomics was first applied to analyze the changes of sperm in Eriocheir sinensis under three sequential physiological conditions: seminal vesicles (X2), hatched with the seminal receptacle content (X3), and incubated with egg water (X5). In total, 1536 proteins were identified, among which 880 proteins were quantified, with 82 and 224 proteins significantly altered after incubation with the seminal receptacle contents and egg water. Most differentially expressed proteins were attributed to biological processes by Gene Ontology annotation analysis. As the fundamental bioenergetic metabolism of sperm, the oxidative phosphorylation, glycolysis, and the pentose phosphate pathway presented significant changes under the treatment of seminal receptacle contents, indicating intensive regulation for sperm in the seminal receptacle. Additionally, the seminal receptacle contents also significantly increased the oxidation level of sperm, whereas the enhancement of abundance in superoxide dismutase, peroxiredoxin 1, and glutathione S-transferase after incubation with egg water significantly improved the resistance against oxidation. These results provided a new perspective for reproduction studies in crustaceans.

2.
Comput Biol Med ; 174: 108308, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581998

RESUMO

Automated Osteosarcoma Segmentation in Multi-modality MRI (AOSMM) holds clinical significance for effective tumor evaluation and treatment planning. However, the precision of AOSMM is challenged by the diverse characteristics of multi-modality MRI and the inherent heterogeneity and boundary ambiguity of osteosarcoma. While numerous methods have made significant strides in automated osteosarcoma segmentation, they primarily focused on the use of a single MRI modality and overlooked the potential benefits of integrating complementary information from other MRI modalities. Furthermore, they did not adequately model the long-range dependencies of complex tumor features, which may lead to insufficiently discriminative feature representations. To this end, we propose a decoupled semantic and boundary learning network (DECIDE) to achieve precise AOSMM with three functional modules. The Multi-modality Feature Fusion and Recalibration (MFR) module adaptively fuses and recalibrates multi-modality features by exploiting their channel-wise dependencies to compute low-rank attention weights for effectively aggregating useful information from different MRI modalities, which promotes complementary learning between multi-modality MRI and enables a more comprehensive tumor characterization. The Lesion Attention Enhancement (LAE) module employs spatial and channel attention mechanisms to capture global contextual dependencies over local features, significantly enhancing the discriminability and representational capacity of intricate tumor features. The Boundary Context Aggregation (BCA) module further enhances semantic representations by utilizing boundary information for effective context aggregation while also ensuring intra-class consistency in cases of boundary ambiguity. Substantial experiments demonstrate that DECIDE achieves exceptional performance in osteosarcoma segmentation, surpassing state-of-the-art methods in terms of accuracy and stability.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 314: 124221, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569390

RESUMO

The toxicological effect between co-existed antibiotics and metal ions was dangerous to the ecological environment and public health. However, the rapid quantification tools with convenience, accuracy and low cost for the detection of multiple targets were still challenging. Herein, a portable tri-color ratiometric fluorescence paper sensor was constructed by coupling of blue carbon dots and fluorescence imprinted polymer for down/up conversion simultaneous detection of tetracycline and sulfamethazine. Interestingly, the cascade detection of aluminum ion was also realized based on the individual detection system of tetracycline without the assistance of complex coupling reagents. The detection limits of smartphone method for the visual detection of tetracycline, sulfamethazine and aluminum ion were calculated as 0.014 µM, 0.004 µM and 0.019 µM, respectively. The portable fluorescence paper sensor was applied for the visual detection of tetracycline, sulfamethazine and aluminum ion in actual samples successfully with satisfactory recoveries. With the advantages of rapidness, low cost, and portability, the developed portable fluorescence paper sensor provided a new strategy for the visual real-time detection of multiple targets.

4.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-11, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525911

RESUMO

Bauxite residue (BR) is a large volume by-product generated during bauxite smelting process and metal pollution problem is becoming increasingly prominent in residue areas. Accumulation and transfer of metals in six vascular plants were analyzed and soil environment was evaluated. Results found levels of Al (2,110-26,280 mg kg-1), Fe (990 to 9,880 mg kg-1), Ca (8,020 to 49,250 mg kg-1), Mg (2,060 to 17,190 mg kg-1), K (16,840 to 39,670 mg kg-1), and Ti (80 to 1,240 mg kg-1) in plants. Metal concentrations in soils exceeded background levels. Bioconcentration factor (BCF) found that Al, Fe, and Ti in plants (roots, stems, and leaves) were relatively depleted (BCF <1). Transfer factor (TF) of Al, Fe, Ca, K, and Ti in plants was distinctly higher than 1 and mainly concentrated in stems and leaves. Pollution indices revealed that soil environment was at moderated to serious contaminated risk. Principal components analysis (PCA) showed that Artemisia caruifolia Buch. and Siegesbeckia orientalis L. plants had a good ability to absorb Al and Fe, which can be used as biological indicators and restoration materials.Novelty statementCurrently, soil environment was exposed to moderated to serious contaminated risk from Wachangping karst bauxite residue areas.Bioconcentration factor (BCF) analysis found that Al, Fe, and Ti in six vascular plants (roots, stems, and leaves) were relatively depleted (BCF <1).Transfer factor (TF) of Al, Fe, Ca, K, and Ti in vascular plants was distinctly higher than 1, which mainly concentrated in stems and leaves.PCA revealed that Artemisia caruifolia Buch. and Siegesbeckia orientalis L. plants had a good ability to absorb Al and Fe, which can be used as biological indicators and ecological restoration materials.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7137, 2024 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531904

RESUMO

Social defeat stress is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, inflammation and apoptosis. ER stress is thought to contribute to many lifestyle diseases such as liver injury, cardiovascular dysfunction and depression. We investigated the expression of the ER stress markers RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), as well as inflammatory and apoptotic factors, to assess how social defeat stress induces liver injury. Furthermore, we evaluated the effects of the ER stress inhibitor phenylbutyric acid (PBA) and ER stress inducer thapsigargin (TG) on liver injury. Adult mice were divided into the control, social defeat, social defeat + PBA, TG, PBA and TG + PBA groups. The social defeat and social defeat + PBA groups were simultaneously exposed to social defeat stress for 10 days. The social defeat + PBA, TG, PBA and TG + PBA groups were treated with PBA or TG via intraperitoneal injections. PBA was injected 1 h before the TG injection into the TG + PBA group. Liver samples from six groups of mice were analyzed by histological analysis and western blotting. Social defeat stress promoted ER stress, increased the expression of inflammatory factors and induced apoptosis in the liver of socially defeated mice, which was reversed by PBA. Moreover, ER stress induces TG-induced liver injury by initiating ER stress. Social defeat stress initiates ER stress, promotes the expression of inflammatory and apoptotic factors, and induces liver injury. PBA suppresses liver injury caused by social defeat stress and TG treatment.


Assuntos
Fígado , Fenilbutiratos , Derrota Social , Camundongos , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fígado/patologia , Apoptose , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático
6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 333: 121929, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494211

RESUMO

Polymerized guluronates (polyG)-specific alginate lyase with lower polymerized mannuronates (polyM)-degrading activity, superior stability, and clear action mode is a powerful biotechnology tool for the preparation of AOSs rich in M blocks. In this study, we expressed and characterized a polyG-specific alginate lyase OUC-FaAly7 from Formosa agariphila KMM3901. OUC-FaAly7 belonging to polysaccharide lyase (PL) family 7 had highest activity (2743.7 ± 20.3 U/µmol) at 45 °C and pH 6.0. Surprisingly, its specific activity against polyG reached 8560.2 ± 76.7 U/µmol, whereas its polyM-degrading activity was nearly 0 within 10 min reaction. Suggesting that OUC-FaAly7 was a strict polyG-specific alginate lyase. Importantly, OUC-FaAly7 showed a wide range of temperature adaptations and remarkable temperature and pH stability. Its relative activity between 20 °C and 45 °C reached >90 % of the maximum activity. The minimum identifiable substrate of OUC-FaAly7 was guluronate tetrasaccharide (G4). Action process and mode showed that it was a novel alginate lyase digesting guluronate hexaose (G6), guluronate heptaose (G7), and polymerized guluronates, with the preferential generation of unsaturated guluronate pentasaccharide (UG5), although which could be further degraded into unsaturated guluronate disaccharide (UG3) and trisaccharide (UG2). This study contributes to illustrating the catalytic properties, substrate recognition, and action mode of novel polyG-specific alginate lyases.


Assuntos
Dissacarídeos , Oligossacarídeos , Especificidade por Substrato , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Dissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeo-Liases/metabolismo , Alginatos/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Proteínas de Bactérias/química
7.
Comput Biol Med ; 172: 108302, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503092

RESUMO

Medical image segmentation is crucial for accurately locating lesion regions and assisting doctors in diagnosis. However, most existing methods fail to effectively utilize both local details and global semantic information in medical image segmentation, resulting in the inability to effectively capture fine-grained content such as small targets and irregular boundaries. To address this issue, we propose a novel Pyramid Fourier Deformable Network (PFD-Net) for medical image segmentation, which leverages the strengths of CNN and Transformer. The PFD-Net first utilizes PVTv2-based Transformer as the primary encoder to capture global information and further enhances both local and global feature representations with the Fast Fourier Convolution Residual (FFCR) module. Moreover, PFD-Net further proposes the Dilated Deformable Refinement (DDR) module to enhance the model's capacity to comprehend global semantic structures of shape-diverse targets and their irregular boundaries. Lastly, Cross-Level Fusion Block with deformable convolution (CLFB) is proposed to combine the decoded feature maps from the final Residual Decoder Block (DDR) with local features from the CNN auxiliary encoder branch, improving the network's ability to perceive targets resembling the surrounding structures. Extensive experiments were conducted on nine publicly medical image datasets for five types of segmentation tasks including polyp, abdominal, cardiac, gland cells and nuclei. The qualitative and quantitative results demonstrate that PFD-Net outperforms existing state-of-the-art methods in various evaluation metrics, and achieves the highest performance of mDice with the value of 0.826 on the most challenging dataset (ETIS), which is 1.8% improvement compared to the previous best-performing HSNet and 3.6% improvement compared to the next-best PVT-CASCADE. Codes are available at https://github.com/ChaorongYang/PFD-Net.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Núcleo Celular , Coração , Semântica , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
8.
Trends Neurosci ; 47(3): 209-226, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355325

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and the formation of Lewy bodies (LBs). The main proteinaceous component of LBs is aggregated α-synuclein (α-syn). However, the mechanisms underlying α-syn aggregation are not yet fully understood. Converging lines of evidence indicate that, under certain pathological conditions, various proteins can interact with α-syn and regulate its aggregation. Understanding these protein-protein interactions is crucial for unraveling the molecular mechanisms contributing to PD pathogenesis. In this review we provide an overview of the current knowledge on protein-protein interactions that regulate α-syn aggregation. Additionally, we briefly summarize the methods used to investigate the influence of protein-protein interactions on α-syn aggregation and propagation.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo
9.
Brain Sci ; 14(2)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391721

RESUMO

Shift work may adversely affect individuals' health, thus, the current study aimed to investigate the association between shift work and health outcomes in the general population. A total of 41,061 participants were included in this online cross-sectional survey, among which 9612 (23.4%) individuals engaged in shift work and 31,449 (76.6%) individuals engaged in non-shift work. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the association between shift work and health outcomes (psychiatric disorders, mental health symptoms, and physical disorders). In addition, associations between the duration (≤1 year, 1-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-10 years, ≥10 years) and frequency of shift work (<1 or ≥1 night/week) and health outcomes were also explored. The results showed that compared to non-shift workers, shift workers had a higher likelihood of any psychiatric disorders (odds ratios [OR] = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.56-2.09, p < 0.001), mental health symptoms (OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.68-1.85, p < 0.001), and physical disorders (OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.39-1.57, p < 0.001). In addition, inverted U-shaped associations were observed between the duration of shift work and health outcomes. These results indicated that shift work was closely related to potential links with poor health outcomes. The findings highlighted the importance of paying attention to the health conditions of shift workers and the necessity of implementing comprehensive protective measures for shift workers to reduce the impact of shift work.

11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 272: 116039, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310822

RESUMO

Mosses are an integral component in the tufa sedimentary landscape. In this study, we investigated the use of the porous moss-tufa structure as a filtration system for removing potentially toxic elements (PTEs) from water samples. Three species of mosses that commonly grow on tufa were selected, and the PTEs filtered by the moss-tufa system were identified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) of mosses was calculated to compare the enrichment effects of different mosses on PTEs. Likewise, the level of PTEs flowing through the moss-tufa system was measured, and the water quality removal rate (C) was calculated accordingly. The results revealed that the moss-tufa system was mainly composed of Fissidens grandifrons Brid., Hydrogonium dixonianum P. C. Chen, and Cratoneuron filicinum (Hedw.) Spruce var. filicinum. Among these, Fissidens grandifrons Brid. reported the highest retention capacity for PTEs. Collectively, the moss-tufa filtration system displayed a strong retention capacity and removal rate of Mn, Pb, and Ni from the water sample. The removal of PTEs by the moss-tufa system was mainly based on the enrichment of mosses and the adsorption-retention ability of tufa. In conclusion, the moss-tufa micro-filtration system displayed the effective removal of PTEs from water samples and could be applied to control the levels of toxic elements in karst water bodies.


Assuntos
Briófitas , Bryopsida , Metais Pesados , Metais Pesados/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Bryopsida/química , Medição de Risco
12.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 33(3): 381-388, 2024 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38214580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA's (mtDNA) haplogroups and SNPs were associated with the risk of different cancer. However, there is no evidence that the same haplogroup or mitochondrial SNP (mtSNP) exhibits the pleiotropic effect on multiple cancers. METHODS: We recruited 2,489 participants, including patients with colorectal, hepatocellular, lung, ovarian, bladder, breast, pancreatic, and renal cell carcinoma. In addition, 715 healthy individuals from Northern China served as controls. Next, cross-tumor analysis was performed to determine whether mtDNA variation is associated with multiple cancers. RESULTS: Our results revealed a significant decrease in the occurrence risk of multiple cancers among individuals belonging to haplogroup A [OR = 0.553, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.375-0.815, P = 0.003]. Furthermore, we identified 11 mtSNPs associated with multiple cancers and divided the population into high-risk and low-risk groups. Low-risk groups showed a significantly reduced risk of occurrence compared with high-risk groups (OR = 0.614, 95% CI = 0.507-0.744, P < 0.001). Furthermore, using interaction analysis, we identified a special group of individuals belonging to haplogroup A/M7 and the low-risk population, who exhibit a lower risk of multiple cancers compared with other populations (OR = 0.195, 95% CI = 0.106-0.359, P < 0.001). Finally, gene set enrichment analysis confirmed that haplogroup A/M7 patients had lower expression levels of cancer-related pathway genes compared with haplogroup D patients. CONCLUSIONS: We found that specific mtDNA haplogroups and mtSNPs may play a role in predicting multiple cancer predisposition in Chinese populations. IMPACT: This may provide a potential tool for early screening in clinical settings for individuals in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/genética
13.
PLoS Biol ; 22(1): e3002470, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38206965

RESUMO

The bridging integrator 1 (BIN1) gene is an important risk locus for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). BIN1 protein has been reported to mediate tau pathology, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we show that neuronal BIN1 is cleaved by the cysteine protease legumain at residues N277 and N288. The legumain-generated BIN1 (1-277) fragment is detected in brain tissues from AD patients and tau P301S transgenic mice. This fragment interacts with tau and accelerates its aggregation. Furthermore, the BIN1 (1-277) fragment promotes the propagation of tau aggregates by enhancing clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). Overexpression of the BIN1 (1-277) fragment in tau P301S mice facilitates the propagation of tau pathology, inducing cognitive deficits, while overexpression of mutant BIN1 that blocks its cleavage by legumain halts tau propagation. Furthermore, blocking the cleavage of endogenous BIN1 using the CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing tool ameliorates tau pathology and behavioral deficits. Our results demonstrate that the legumain-mediated cleavage of BIN1 plays a key role in the progression of tau pathology. Inhibition of legumain-mediated BIN1 cleavage may be a promising therapeutic strategy for treating AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Clatrina/metabolismo , Endocitose , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas tau/genética , Proteínas tau/metabolismo
14.
Schizophrenia (Heidelb) ; 10(1): 7, 2024 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38184684

RESUMO

The mechanisms generating specific symptoms of schizophrenia remain unclear and genetic research makes it possible to explore these issues at a fundamental level. Taking into account the associations between the oxytocin system and social functions, which are apparently impaired in schizophrenia patients, we hypothesized that the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) might be associated with schizophrenia symptoms in both severity and responses to antipsychotics and did this exploratory positional study. A total of 2363 patients with schizophrenia (1181 males and 1182 females) included in our study were randomly allocated to seven antipsychotic treatment groups and received antipsychotic monotherapy for 6 weeks. Their blood DNA was genotyped for OXTR polymorphisms. Their symptom severity was assessed by Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and the scores were transformed into seven factors (positive, disorganized, negative symptoms apathy/avolition, negative symptoms deficit of expression, hostility, anxiety and depression). Percentage changes in PANSS scores from baseline to week 6 were calculated to quantify antipsychotic responses. We found that OXTR polymorphisms were nominally associated with the severity of overall symptoms (rs237899, ß = 1.669, p = 0.019), hostility symptoms (rs237899, ß = 0.427, p = 0.044) and anxiety symptoms (rs13316193, ß = -0.197, p = 0.038). As for treatment responses, OXTR polymorphisms were nominally associated with the improvement in negative symptoms apathy/avolition (rs2268490, ß = 2.235, p = 0.0499). No association between severity or response to treatment and OXTR polymorphisms was found with statistical correction for multiplicity. Overall, our results highlighted the possibility of nominally significant associations of the OXTR gene with the severity and improvement in schizophrenia symptoms. Given the exploratory nature of this study, these associations are indicative of the role of the OXTR gene in the pathology of schizophrenia and may contribute to further elucidate the mechanism of specific symptoms of schizophrenia and to exploit antipsychotics more effective to specific symptoms.

15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342116, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182389

RESUMO

Unknown or unexpected chemical contaminants and/or their transformation products in food that may be harmful to humans need to be discovered for comprehensive safety evaluation. Liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) is a powerful tool for detecting chemical contaminants in food samples. However, identifying all of peaks in LC-HRMS is not possible, but if class information is known in advance, further identification will become easier. In this work, a novel MS2 spectra classification-driven screening strategy was constructed based on LC-HRMS and machine learning. First, the classification model was developed based on machine learning algorithm using class information and experimental MS2 data of chemical contaminants and other non-contaminants. By using the developed artificial neural network classification model, in total 32 classes of pesticides, veterinary drugs and mycotoxins were classified with good prediction accuracy and low false-positive rate. Based on the classification model, a screening procedure was developed in which the classes of unknown features in LC-HRMS were first predicted through the classification model, and then their structures were identified under the guidance of class information. Finally, the developed strategy was tentatively applied to the analysis of pork and aquatic products, and 8 chemical contaminants and 11 transformation products belonging to 8 classes were found. This strategy enables screening of unknown chemical contaminants and transformation products in complex food matrices.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Micotoxinas , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181708

RESUMO

A [BMIM]PF6 ion liquid (IL)-assisted synthesis of a rutin imprinted monolith (RIM) was carried out in an in-situ polymerization method. Bi-functional monomers and a ternary porogen containing IL was used for the RIM preparation and a L9(33) orthogonal factor design performed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and N2 adsorption method was for structural characterization of the RIMs. The monolith was directly used as stationary phase in liquid chromatography to test the retention selectivity, adsorption capacity and extraction application. The optimized porogen consists of 900 µL DMF, 144 µL ACN and 216 µL IL. The monolith RIM-13 obtained under the optimized conditions possessed improved adsorption performance, with a dynamic adsorption capacity of 6.695 mg/g, an imprinting efficiency of 4.841 and a selectivity α value of 4.821. Additionally, this monolith had also higher specific surface area, pore volume and permeability than that obtained without IL and the homogeneity of the imprint sites could be improved by using IL. When the RIM-13 was applied to the separation and purification of rutin from tartary buckwheat, a rutin product with a purity higher than 92 % can be obtained by one cycle. This molecular imprint solid-phase extraction (MI-SPE) is of potency to be applied to preparative-scale separation of other natural products.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Impressão Molecular , Rutina/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
17.
Neuromodulation ; 27(2): 273-283, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36801128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Functional dyspepsia (FD), which has a complicated pathophysiologic process, is a common functional gastrointestinal disease. Gastric hypersensitivity is the key pathophysiological factor in patients with FD with chronic visceral pain. Auricular vagal nerve stimulation (AVNS) has the therapeutic effect of reducing gastric hypersensitivity by regulating the activity of the vagus nerve. However, the potential molecular mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effects of AVNS on the brain-gut axis through the central nerve growth factor (NGF)/ tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA)/phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-γ) signaling pathway in FD model rats with gastric hypersensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established the FD model rats with gastric hypersensitivity by means of colon administration of trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid on ten-day-old rat pups, whereas the control rats were given normal saline. AVNS, sham AVNS, K252a (an inhibitor of TrkA, intraperitoneally), and K252a + AVNS were performed on eight-week-old model rats for five consecutive days. The therapeutic effect of AVNS on gastric hypersensitivity was determined by the measurement of abdominal withdrawal reflex response to gastric distention. NGF in gastric fundus and NGF, TrkA, PLC-γ, and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in the nucleus tractus solitaries (NTS) were detected separately by polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunofluorescence tests. RESULTS: It was found that a high level of NGF in gastric fundus and an upregulation of the NGF/TrkA/PLC-γ signaling pathway in NTS were manifested in model rats. Meanwhile, both AVNS treatment and the administration of K252a not only decreased NGF messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expressions in gastric fundus but also reduced the mRNA expressions of NGF, TrkA, PLC-γ, and TRPV1 and inhibited the protein levels and hyperactive phosphorylation of TrkA/PLC-γ in NTS. In addition, the expressions of NGF and TrkA proteins in NTS were decreased significantly after the immunofluorescence assay. The K252a + AVNS treatment exerted a more sensitive effect on regulating the molecular expressions of the signal pathway than did the K252a treatment. CONCLUSION: AVNS can regulate the brain-gut axis effectively through the central NGF/TrkA/PLC-γ signaling pathway in the NTS, which suggests a potential molecular mechanism of AVNS in ameliorating visceral hypersensitivity in FD model rats.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Animais , Ratos , Dispepsia/terapia , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Fosfolipase C gama/metabolismo , Receptor trkA/genética , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Transdução de Sinais , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
18.
Integr Zool ; 19(2): 307-318, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37231996

RESUMO

Understanding the habitat shifting pattern is a prerequisite for implementing in situ conservation of migratory species. Spotted seals (Phoca largha) inhabiting the Yellow Sea ecoregion (YSE) comprise a small population with independent genes and represent a charismatic flagship species in this region. However, this population has declined by 80% since the 1940s, and increased support from the countries around the YSE is urgently needed to address the potential local extinction risk. A time-series niche model and life-history weighted systematic conservation planning were designed on the basis of a satellite beacon tracking survey (2010-2020) of the YSE population. The results showed clustering and spreading shifting patterns during the breeding and migratory seasons, respectively. The closed-loop migration route formed in the YSE indicated that this population might be geographically isolated from populations in other breeding areas around the world. The conservation priority area (CPA), with an area of 19 632 km2 (3.58% of the total YSE area), was the most effective response to the potential in situ risk. However, nearly 80% of the CPA was exposed outside the existing marine protected areas (MPAs). Future establishment of MPAs in China should strategically consider the conservation gap identified herein, and it is recommended for Korea's closed fishing season to be spatially set in the western Korean Peninsula from May to August. This study also exemplified that the lack of temporal information would lead to the dislocation of niche modeling for migratory species represented by spotted seals. Attention should be paid to protecting small and migratory populations in marine biodiversity conservation planning.


Assuntos
Phoca , Animais , Biodiversidade , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Estações do Ano
19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 308: 123705, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043290

RESUMO

Exploring a rapid, sensitive, low-cost, in-situ intelligent monitoring multi-target fluorescence detection platform is important for food safety and environmental monitoring. A dual-mode ratiometric fluorescence sensing system integrated with a smartphone based on a luminescent metal-organic framework (NH2-MIL-53) and CdTe/Eu was developed for visual, in-situ analysis of Fe3+ and doxycycline (DOX) in this paper. Interestingly, with increasing Fe3+ concentration, the fluorescence sensing system exhibits dual-emission with CdTe QDs at 540 nM as the response signal and NH2-MIL-53 at 438 nm as the reference signal, resulting in a significant color shift of fluorescence color from blue-green to blue, with a linear range of 5--1550 nM and a detection limit of 1.08 nM. In the presence of DOX, the blue fluorescence of NH2-MIL-53 and the green fluorescence of CdTe QDs were quenched respectively by the internal filtering effect and the photoelectron transfer effect. While DOX enhances the red fluorescence of Eu3+ by the antenna effect, forming a triple-emission fluorescence sensor. The visual color of this fluorescent sensor shifted from blue green to grey to pink-white to pink to fuchsia to red as the DOX concentration increased with a detection limit of 0.11 nM. Furthermore, the developed intelligent sensing platform achieved real-time in-situ detection of Fe3+ and DOX with detection limit of 1.47 nM and 6.43 nM, respectively. The platform was applied to detection actual samples with satisfactory results, which proved a promising application for real-time on-site food safety monitoring and human health monitoring.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cádmio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Pontos Quânticos , Humanos , Doxiciclina , Európio , Smartphone , Colorimetria , Corantes Fluorescentes , Telúrio , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
20.
Environ Res ; 242: 117739, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38007076

RESUMO

In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), ammonia oxidation is primarily carried out by three types of ammonia oxidation microorganisms (AOMs): ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA), ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), and comammox (CMX). Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which pose an important public health concern, have been identified at every stage of wastewater treatment. However, few studies have focused on the impact of ARGs on ammonia removal performance. Therefore, our study sought to investigate the effect of the representative multidrug-resistant plasmid RP4 on the functional microorganisms involved in ammonia oxidation. Using an inhibitor-based method, we first evaluated the contributions of AOA, AOB, and CMX to ammonia oxidation in activated sludge, which were determined to be 13.7%, 41.1%, and 39.1%, respectively. The inhibitory effects of C2H2, C8H14, and 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) were then validated by qPCR. After adding donor strains to the sludge, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) imaging analysis demonstrated the co-localization of RP4 plasmids and all three AOMs, thus confirming the horizontal gene transfer (HGT) of the RP4 plasmid among these microorganisms. Significant inhibitory effects of the RP4 plasmid on the ammonia nitrogen consumption of AOA, AOB, and CMX were also observed, with inhibition rates of 39.7%, 36.2%, and 49.7%, respectively. Moreover, amoA expression in AOB and CMX was variably inhibited by the RP4 plasmid, whereas AOA amoA expression was not inhibited. These results demonstrate the adverse environmental effects of the RP4 plasmid and provide indirect evidence supporting plasmid-mediated conjugation transfer from bacteria to archaea.


Assuntos
Archaea , Betaproteobacteria , Archaea/genética , Archaea/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia , Amônia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Desnitrificação , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Oxirredução , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/genética , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Antibacterianos , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo
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