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1.
Cancer ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential role of occupational exposures in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unclear, particularly in high-incidence areas. METHODS: The authors conducted a population-based case-control study, consisting of 2514 incident NPC cases and 2586 randomly selected population controls, in southern China from 2010 to 2014. Occupational history and other covariates were self-reported using a questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the risk of NPC associated with occupational exposures. Restricted cubic splines were used to evaluate potentially nonlinear duration-response relations. RESULTS: Individuals who had exposure to occupational dusts (OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.26-1.68), chemical vapors (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.17-1.61), exhausts/smokes (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.25-1.60), or acids/alkalis (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.30-1.89) in the workplace had an increased NPC risk compared with those who were unexposed. Risk estimates for all 4 categories of occupational exposures appeared to linearly increase with increasing duration. Within these categories, occupational exposure to 14 subtypes of agents conferred significantly higher risks of NPC, with ORs ranging from 1.30 to 2.29, including dust from metals, textiles, cement, or coal; vapor from formaldehyde, organic solvents, or dyes; exhaust or smoke from diesel, firewood, asphalt/tar, vehicles, or welding; and sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and concentrated alkali/ammonia. CONCLUSIONS: Occupational exposures to dusts, chemical vapors, exhausts/smokes, or acids/alkalis are associated with an excess risk of NPC. If the current results are causal, then the amelioration of workplace conditions might alleviate the burden of NPC in endemic areas. LAY SUMMARY: The role of occupational exposures in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unclear, particularly in high-incidence areas. The authors conducted a population-based study with 2514 incident NPC cases and 2586 population controls in southern China and observed that occupational exposures were associated with an increased risk of NPC. Duration-response trends were observed with increasing duration of exposure. These findings provide new evidence supporting an etiologic role of occupational exposures for NPC in a high-incidence region.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 350, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824274

RESUMO

Aberrant expression of miR-30d is associated with the development and progression of several human cancers. However, its biological roles and underlying mechanisms in pancreatic cancer are largely unknown. The expression of miR-30d in pancreatic cancer was evaluated in public databases and further valuated by real-time quantitative PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry in a cohort of pancreatic cancer patients. The role of miR-30d in the proliferation and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells was determined using in vitro and in vivo assays. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to examine potential target genes of miR-30d. Luciferase reporter assay and functional rescue experiments were used to elucidate the mechanisms of miR-30d. miR-30d was found frequently decreased in pancreatic cancer compared with nontumor tissues, and downregulation of miR-30d predicted poor prognosis and early relapse of pancreatic cancer patients. Overexpression of miR-30d significantly repressed the growth and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analyses identified sex-determining region Y-box 4 (SOX4) as a target gene of miR-30d. Mechanically, miR-30d exerted its tumor suppressive effect by directly targeting SOX4, which caused inhibition of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. Overexpression of SOX4 partially antagonized the inhibitory effects of miR-30d. Our study demonstrated that dysregulation of the miR-30d/SOX4/PI3K-AKT axis promotes the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. These findings suggest miR-30d as a promising and reliable therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792135

RESUMO

A couple of enantiomers of 2, 6-diaminotriptycene ( R, R - 1 and S, S - 1 ) are split by chiral HPLC and their absolute configurations are identified by single-crystal X-ray diffraction technology. Using the enantiomers as monomers, a couple of chiral porous polyimides ( R - FTPI and S - FTPI ) are prepared by polycondensation reactions and display good heat stability, high BET surface area and good solubility in organic solvents. Moreover, both of R - FTPI and S - FTPI can be cast into robust, free-standing films suitable for enantioselective separation with symmetrical chiral selectivity.

4.
Stroke ; 52(4): 1473-1477, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intraluminal thrombus (ILT) is an emerging imaging marker in acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the association of ILT with outcomes of acute large vessel occlusion (LVO) patients receiving endovascular treatment. METHODS: Acute LVO stroke patients who underwent endovascular treatment within 24 hours, in a prospective, nationwide registry were enrolled. Pretreatment digital subtraction angiography was reviewed for the presence of ILT. The primary outcome was 90-day functional dependence (modified Rankin Scale scores, 3-6). Secondary outcomes included 24-hour LVO, 90-day death, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. RESULTS: Among 711 patients enrolled, 75 (10.5%) with ILT were less likely to have 90-day functional dependence compared with those without ILT (adjusted odds ratio, 0.53 [95% CI, 0.31-0.90]; P=0.021). The same trend was found among those with successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b-3; P=0.008) but not in those without successful reperfusion (P=0.107). Presence of ILT was also independently associated with a lower rate of 24-hour LVO (adjusted odds ratio 0.34 [95% CI, 0.13-0.89]; P=0.028). However, those with or without ILT had similar risks of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 90-day death. CONCLUSIONS: Among acute LVO patients receiving endovascular treatment, pretreatment ILT-positive patients may have a better 90-day functional outcome (versus ILT-negative) but similar risk of death and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. The possibly favorable effect of ILT patients remained in those with successful reperfusion. Registration: URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn; Unique identifier: ChiCTR1900022154.

5.
J Clin Neurosci ; 86: 276-283, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775342

RESUMO

We aimed to establish the cross-sectional area (CSA) reference values for peripheral nerves of lower extremities in a healthy Chinese population, and to determine their diagnostic values for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type1A (CMT1A). One hundred eleven healthy subjects, 15-70 years of age, as well as 104 CIDP patients and 26 CMT1A patients were recruited. CSA at predetermined sites of the tibial, fibular, sciatic and sural nerves was measured. The CSA of the tibial nerve ranged from 10.2 ± 1.9 to 20.7 ± 3.6 mm2, and for fibular nerve from 8.4 ± 1.8 to 9.5 ± 1.9 mm2. 86% CIDP patients had upper limb nerve enlargement, while only 67% had lower limb nerve enlargement. In CIDP patients with normal upper limb ultrasound, 56% (5/9) would have lower limb nerve enlargement. All CMT1A patients had both upper and lower limb nerve enlargement. Addition of lower limb nerve ultrasound showed no added value in diagnosis of CMT1A, but could be supplementary for CIDP when upper limb ultrasound is normal.

6.
Org Lett ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739843

RESUMO

A novel dehydrogenative coupling reaction of N-fluorocarboxamides with polyfluoroarenes forming C(sp2)-C(sp3) bonds enabled by copper catalysis has been accomplished. N-Fluorocarboxamides are postulated to undergo copper-mediated dehydrogenative cross-coupling reaction with electron-deficient polyfluoroarenes via a radical pathway. Benzylic C-H bonds and aliphatic C-H bonds in N-fluorocarboxamides could proceed smoothly and demonstrated excellent regioselectivity. The detailed mechanism presented is supported by control experiments and density functional theory calculations.

7.
Opt Express ; 29(3): 3342-3358, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770934

RESUMO

Defect inspection on lithographic substrates, masks, reticles, and wafers is an important quality assurance process in semiconductor manufacturing. Coherent Fourier scatterometry (CFS) using laser beams with a Gaussian spatial profile is the standard workhorse routinely used as an in-line inspection tool to achieve high throughput. As the semiconductor industry advances toward shrinking critical dimensions in high volume manufacturing using extreme ultraviolet lithography, new techniques that enable high-sensitivity, high-throughput, and in-line inspection are critically needed. Here we introduce a set of novel defect inspection techniques based on bright-field CFS using coherent beams that carry orbital angular momentum (OAM). One of these techniques, the differential OAM CFS, is particularly unique because it does not rely on referencing to a pre-established database in the case of regularly patterned structures with reflection symmetry. The differential OAM CFS exploits OAM beams with opposite wavefront or phase helicity to provide contrast in the presence of detects. We numerically investigated the performance of these techniques on both amplitude and phase defects and demonstrated their superior advantages-up to an order of magnitude higher in signal-to-noise ratio-over the conventional Gaussian beam CFS. These new techniques will enable increased sensitivity and robustness for in-line nanoscale defect inspection and the concept could also benefit x-ray scattering and scatterometry in general.

8.
Opt Express ; 29(3): 4147-4158, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771000

RESUMO

A highly sensitive fiberized hydrogen sensor based upon Mach-Zehnder interference (MZI) is experimentally demonstrated. The hydrogen sensor consists of an MZI realized by creating an air cavity inside the core of a half-pitch graded-index fiber (GIF) by use of femtosecond laser micromachining. Thermosensitive polymer was filled into the air cavity and cured by UV illumination. Subsequently, the external surface of the polymer-filled MZI was coated with Pt-loaded tungsten trioxide (WO3). The exothermic reaction occurs as Pt-loaded WO3 contacts the target of the sensing, i.e. hydrogen in the atmosphere, which leads to a significant local temperature rise on the external surface of the coated MZI sensor. The sensor exhibits a maximum sensitivity up to -1948.68 nm/% (vol %), when the hydrogen concentration increases from 0% to 0.8% at room temperature. Moreover, the sensor exhibits a rapid rising response time (hydrogen concentration increasing) of ∼38 s and falling response time (hydrogen concentration decreasing) of ∼15 s, respectively. Thanks to its small size, strong robustness, high accuracy and repeatability, the proposed in-fiber MZI hydrogen sensor will be a promising tool for hydrogen leakage tracing in many areas, such as safety production and hydrogen medical treatment.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(4): 2066-2079, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742842

RESUMO

Sandy soils are considered as a significant transition phase to desertification. The effective recovery of sandy soils is of great significance to mitigate the desertification process. Some studies have shown that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and biochar improved the sandy soil, but there have been very few studies regarding the combined effects of AM fungi and biochar amendments on sandy soil improvement. Additionally, the roles of the bacterial and fungal community during the process of sandy soil improvement remain unclear. A greenhouse pot experiment with four treatments, including a control (CK, no amendment), single AM fungi-assisted amendment (RI), single biochar amendment (BC), and combined amendment (BC_RI, biochar plus AM fungi), was set up. This study investigated the effects of different amendment methods on the Nitrariasi birica mycorrhizal colonization, biomass, nutrient (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) content, soil organic carbon, soil nutrient (TN, TP, and TK) content, and soil water-stable aggregate composition. High throughput sequencing technology was used to investigate the roles of the bacterial and fungal communities during the process of sandy soil improvement. Combined with multiple analysis methods, the improvement mechanisms of different amendment methods were explored. The aim was to provide basic data and scientific basics for reasonably and effectively improving sandy soils. The results indicated that a significant mycorrhiza colonization was observed in the inoculation (RI and BC_RI) treatments, but there was no substantial difference in the mycorrhiza colonization with the RI and BC_RI. Compared with the CK, the shoot biomass and shoot element (N, K, Ca, and Mg) contents were significantly increased in the RI, and the shoot element (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) contents were significantly increased in the BC and BC_RI; compared with the RI and BC, the root biomass and the root element (P, K, Ca, and Mg) contents were significantly increased in the BC_RI. Compared with the CK, the soil organic carbon contents were significantly increased in the BC and BC_RI, the soil TN contents were significantly increased by 152.54%, and the soil TP and TK contents were significantly decreased by 12.5% and 18.8%, respectively. The proportion of soil aggregates with particle sizes of 0.25-0.05 mm was the highest in each treatment, and the large particle size (>0.25 mm) soil aggregate was significantly increased in the BC_RI. Compared with the CK, the Sobs and Shannon indices of the bacterial/fungal community were significantly decreased in the RI and BC_RI. There was a difference in the microbial community compositions and abundance in the various treatments. The results of the RDA and network analysis were as follows:the effects of AM fungi, biochar, and combined amendment on the soil environment and microbial community structure were significant; in the different amendment treatments, the relationship of the microbial molecular ecological network was significantly changed, and the composition of the core species varied; compared with the RI, there was a higher network connection degree and a richer core species composition in the BC and BC_RI; moreover, the essential role of Rhizophagus intraradices was weaken and the core roles of the other microorganisms (especially bacterial species) were enhanced under the combined effects of biochar and AM fungi. The SEM results demonstrated that the application of AM fungi and biochar could directly affect the bacteria/fungi community structure, and further affect the plant growth and soil properties. The differences in the microbial community structure (especially the change in the microbial interaction) were the key driving factors that led to the difference in the soil improvement effectiveness. In summary, the effects of the different amendment methods on the improvement effectiveness of sandy soils varied. The microbial community played key roles in the process of sandy soil improvement, and there were potential advantages and applications in accelerating the ecological restoration of sandy soils under the combined AM fungi and biochar amendment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Micorrizas , Carbono , Carvão Vegetal , Fungos , Areia , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of SHR4640, a highly selective urate transporter 1 inhibitor in Chinese subjects with hyperuricemia. METHODS: This was a randomized double-blind dose-ranging phase II study. Subjects whose serum uric acid levels ≥480 µmol/l with gout, or sUA levels ≥480 µmol/l without gout but with comorbidities, or sUA levels ≥540 µmol/l were enrolled. Subjects were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1:1) to receive once daily 2.5 mg/5 mg/10 mg of SHR4640, 50 mg of benzbromarone, and placebo, respectively. The primary end point was the proportion of subjects achieved target sUA level of ≤ 360 µmol/l at week 5. RESULTS: About 99.5% of subjects (n = 197) were male and 95.9% of subjects had gout history. The proportions of subjects achieved target sUA at week 5 were 32.5%, 72.5% and 61.5% in 5 mg, 10 mg of SHR4640 and benzbromarone groups, respectively, significantly higher than placebo group (0%; p< 0.05 for 5 mg and 10 mg of SHR4640 group). The sUA was reduced by 32.7%, 46.8% and 41.8% at week 5 with 5 mg, 10 mg of SHR4640 and benzbromarone, respectively, vs placebo (5.9%; p< 0.001 for each comparison). The incidences of gout flares requiring intervention were similar among all groups. Occurrences of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were comparable across all groups, and serious TEAEs were not reported. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated a superior sUA-lowering effect, and well tolerated safety profile after 5-week treatment with once-daily 5 mg/10 mg of SHR4640 as comparing with placebo in Chinese subjects with hyperuricemia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03185793.

11.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the usefulness of neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) in evaluating cortical tubers, especially epileptogenic tubers in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) patients. METHODS: High-resolution conventional MRI and multi-shell diffusion-weighted imaging were performed in 27 TSC patients. Diffusion images were fitted to NODDI and DTI models. Tubers were visually assessed on different image types and scored by two neuroradiologists. For 10 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery, the contrast ratios between lesion and background tissue were measured on different image types, and these were compared between 16 epileptogenic tubers and 92 non-epileptogenic tubers. RESULTS: There were significant differences in lesion conspicuity scores and lesion-background contrast ratios across different sequences (both p < 0.001). The post hoc analysis showed that both the conspicuity scores and contrast ratios of intracellular volume fraction (ICVF) derived from NODDI were higher than other image types. For the 16 epileptogenic tubers, lesion visibility on ICVF was better/equal in 4/12 tubers compared with conventional MRI and better/equal in 5/11 tubers compared with DTI. Significant differences were observed between epileptogenic and non-epileptogenic tubers on diffusion maps, especially on orientation dispersion index derived from NODDI (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: ICVF demonstrated higher contrast than conventional MRI and DTI, which helped detection of subtle epileptogenic tubers. Moreover, NODDI parameters showed the potential to identify epileptogenicity. KEY POINTS: • The noninvasive localization of epileptogenic cortical tubers is essential for the preparation of epilepsy surgery for TSC patients. • ICVF derived from NODDI showed greater contrast than conventional MRI and DTI in detecting tubers, especially subtle epileptogenic ones. • Diffusion parameters, especially ODI derived from NODDI, can support the identification of epileptogenicity.

12.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694236

RESUMO

AIMS: Probiotics and plant extracts have been used to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study aimed to explore the effect of the interaction between potential probiotics and bitter gourd extract (BGE) or mulberry leaf extract (MLE) on T2DM. METHODS AND RESULTS: Potential probiotics were tested for their gastrointestinal tract viability and growth situation combined with BGE and MLE in vitro. The diabetes model was constructed in C57BL/6 mice, and the potential effect and mechanism of regulating blood glucose were verified. Hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE), gas chromatography (GC), ELISA, and RT-PCR were also used for analysis. The results showed that Lactobacillus casei K11 had outstanding gastrointestinal tract viability and growth situation with plant extracts. Administration of L. casei K11 combined with BGE and MLE significantly reduced blood glucose levels and ameliorated insulin resistance in diabetic mice than the administration of Lactobacillus paracasei J5 combined with BGE and MLE. Moreover, in L. casei K11 combined with BGE and MLE groups, lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokine levels were regulated. Furthermore, the results indicated that L. casei K11 combined with BGE and MLE improved free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFAR2) upregulation, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion, and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels. CONCLUSIONS: These findings showed that L. casei K11 combined with BGE and MLE modified the SCFA-FFAR2-GLP-1 pathway to improve T2DM. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study identified a new modality for evaluating interactions between potential probiotics and plant extracts. Our findings revealed that L. casei K11 combined with BGE and MLE significantly promoted the SCFA-FFAR2-GLP-1 pathway to inhibit T2DM.

13.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined associations between dietary isoflavones and atherosclerosis, but few used objective biomarkers. OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of isoflavone biomarkers (primary analyses) and equol production (secondary analyses) with the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and whether inflammation, systolic blood pressure (SBP), blood lipids, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) mediated these associations, in Chinese adults. METHODS: This 8.8-y prospective study included 2572 subjects (40-75 y old) from the GNHS (Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study; 2008-2019). The concentrations of daidzein, genistein, and equol were assayed by an HPLC-tandem MS in serum (n = 2572) at baseline and in urine (n = 2220) at 3-y intervals. The cIMT of the common carotid artery (CCA) and bifurcation segment were measured by B-mode ultrasound every 3 y, and the progressions of cIMT ( ∆cIMT) were estimated using the regression method. RESULTS: Multivariable linear mixed-effects models (LMEMs) and ANCOVA revealed that subjects with higher serum isoflavones tended to have lower increases of CCA-cIMT. The mean ± SEM differences in 8.8-y ∆CCA-cIMT between extreme tertiles of serum isoflavones were -17.1 ± 8.4, -20.6 ± 8.3, and -23.3 ± 10.4 µm for daidzein, total isoflavone, and equol (P-trends < 0.05), respectively. LMEMs showed that the estimated yearly changes (95% CIs) (µm/y) in CCA-IMT were -2.0 (-3.8, -0.3), -1.9 (-3.6, -0.1), and -2.1 (-3.8, -0.3) in the highest (compared with the lowest) tertile of daidzein, genistein, and total isoflavones, respectively (P-interaction < 0.05). Path analyses indicated that the serum equol-atherosclerosis association was mediated by increased SHBG and decreased SBP. Similar beneficial associations were observed in the secondary analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Serum isoflavones and equol exposure were associated with reduced cIMT progression, mediated by SHBG and SBP.

14.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668915

RESUMO

Over decades, fiber-optic temperature sensors based on conventional single-mode fibers (SMF) have been demonstrated with either high linearity and stability in a limited temperature region or poor linearity and thermal hysteresis in a high-temperature measurement range. For high-temperature measurements, isothermal annealing is typically necessary for the fiber-optic sensors, aiming at releasing the residual stress, eliminating the thermal hysteresis and, thus, improving the high-temperature measurement linearity and stability. In this article, an annealing-free fiber-optic high-temperature (1100 °C) sensor based on a diaphragm-free hollow-core fiber (HCF) Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The proposed sensor exhibits an excellent thermal stability and linearity (R2 > 0.99 in a 100-1100 °C range) without the need for high-temperature annealing. The proposed sensor is extremely simple in preparation, and the annealing-free property can reduce the cost of sensor production significantly, which is promising in mass production and industry applications.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(4)2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671234

RESUMO

Cancer cells generally have reprogrammed gene expression profiles to meet the requirements of survival, continuous division, and metastasis. An interesting question is whether the cancer cells will be affected by interfering their global RNA metabolism. In this research, we found that human Ccr4a/b (hCcr4a/b) and Caf1a/b (hCaf1a/b) deadenylases, the catalytic components of the Ccr4-Not complex, were dysregulated in several types of cancers including stomach adenocarcinoma. The impacts of the four deadenylases on cancer cell growth were studied by the establishment of four stable MKN28 cell lines with the knockdown of hCcr4a/b or hCaf1a/b or transient knockdown in several cell lines. Depletion of hCcr4a/b or hCaf1a/b significantly inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Mechanistic studies indicated that the cells were arrested at the G2/M phase by knocking down hCaf1a, while arrested at the G0/G1 phase by depleting hCaf1b or hCcr4a/b. The four enzymes did not affect the levels of CDKs and cyclins but modulated the levels of CDK-cyclin inhibitors. We identified that hCcr4a/b, but not hCaf1a/b, targeted the p21 mRNA in the MKN28 cells. Furthermore, depletion of any one of the four deadenylases dramatically impaired processing-body formation in the MKN28 and HEK-293T cells. Our results highlight that perturbating global RNA metabolism may severely affect cancer cell proliferation, which provides a potential novel strategy for cancer treatment.

16.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(2)2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671441

RESUMO

In mammals, the exocyst complex component 4 (EXOC4) gene has often been reported to be involved in vesicle transport. The SNP rs81471943 (C/T) is located in the intron of porcine EXOC4, while six quantitative trait loci (QTL) within 5-10 Mb around EXOC4 are associated with ovary weight, teat number, total offspring born alive, and corpus luteum number. However, the molecular mechanisms between EXOC4 and the reproductive performance of pigs remains to be elucidated. In this study, rs81471943 was genotyped from a total of 994 Duroc sows, and the genotype and allele frequency of SNP rs81471943 (C/T) were statistically analyzed. Then, the associations between SNP rs81471943 and four reproductive traits, including number of piglets born alive (NBA), litter weight at birth (LWB), number of piglets weaned (NW), and litter weight at weaning (LWW), were determined. Sanger sequencing and PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) were utilized to identify the rs81471943 genotype. We found that the genotype frequency of CC was significantly higher than that of CT and TT, and CC was the most frequent genotype for NBA, LWB, NW, and LWW. Moreover, 5'-deletion and luciferase assays identified a positive transcription regulatory element in the EXOC4 promoter. After exploring the EXOC4 promoter, SNP -1781G/A linked with SNP rs81471943 (C/T) were identified by analysis of the transcription activity of the haplotypes, and SNP -1781 G/A may influence the potential binding of P53, E26 transformation specific sequence -like 1 transcription factor (ELK1), and myeloid zinc finger 1 (MZF1). These findings provide useful information for identifying a molecular marker of EXOC4-assisted selection in pig breeding.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 966-971, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645103

RESUMO

This study is to provide the basis of establishing a quality evaluation system, based on the differences in appearance and internal components of Astragali Radix from different sources. The diameter of 18 batches of Astragali Radix, the content of alcohol(water) extract and 7 kinds of flavonoids were determined. The peak area ratio of flavonoid aglycon to aglycone was calculated. PCA and CA were carried out by synthesizing various indexes. The results of PCA and CA showed that Astragali Radix was obviously clustered into three types. Alcohol extract, formononetin/formosan glycosides,(pilose isoflavones+astragalus flavonoid A)/pilose isoflavone glucoside are the most significant differences in the variable importance projection index(VIP) of Astragali Radix. Combining the diameter, alcohol(water) extract, flavonoid aglycon to aglycone peak area ratio can provide an analysis method for the establishment of the grade evaluation system of Astragali Radix.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glucosídeos , Glicosídeos , Raízes de Plantas
18.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(1): 55-60, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653781

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent cancers with over 1.3 million new cases annually. CircularRNAs (circRNAs) are involved in different cancer cells' malignancy regulation. Nevertheless, the clinical values of circRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 expressions in the CRC and healthy controls' plasma. Furthermore, we used the CRC clinical data to determine the effect of the circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 eccentric expressions. Finally, we determined the circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 diagnostic and prognostic values by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and the 5-year survival rate analysis. Compared to the healthy controls, circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 expressions were significantly upregulated in the CRC patients' plasma, in a significant fold change of 1.997 and 2.738. Meanwhile, circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 expressions were correlated with tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis. The area under the curves (AUC) of circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 were 0.8389 (95% CI, 0.7889-0.8890) and 0.9016 (95%CI, 0.8588-0.9444). Higher circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 expressions correlated to CRC patients' poor prognosis more than those with lower expressions. In summary, circ_PVT1 and circ_001569 were found to be remarkably up-regulated in CRC patients and may function as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for CRC.

19.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655506

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the commonest human cancers and the fourth primary cause of cancer-related death. Previous studies have reported that miR-4429 develops anticancer function in follicular thyroid carcinoma and non-small cell lung cancer. However, whether miR-4429 is implicated in the CRC progression remains to be clarified. The aim of our current study was to explore the potential role of miR-4429 in CRC. According to the result of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis, miR-4429 was expressed at a low level in CRC cells. Gain-of-function assays showed that the upregulation of miR-4429 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in CRC, whereas miR-4429 inhibition led to the opposite results. It was uncovered from mechanism experiments that miR-4429 targeted forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and therefore regulating SMAD family member 3 (SMAD3) expression. Rescue experiments elucidated that miR-4429 influenced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT process in CRC by targeting FOXM1 to inactivate SMAD3. In conclusion, our study revealed that miR-4429 targeted FOXM1 to decrease SMAD3 expression and thus impeding cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT process of CRC cells.

20.
Nature ; 591(7848): 61-65, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658695

RESUMO

Controlling matter-light interactions with cavities is of fundamental importance in modern science and technology1. This is exemplified in the strong-coupling regime, where matter-light hybrid modes form, with properties that are controllable by optical-wavelength photons2,3. By contrast, matter excitations on the nanometre scale are harder to access. In two-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures, a tunable moiré lattice potential for electronic excitations may form4, enabling the generation of correlated electron gases in the lattice potentials5-9. Excitons confined in moiré lattices have also been reported10,11, but no cooperative effects have been observed and interactions with light have remained perturbative12-15. Here, by integrating MoSe2-WS2 heterobilayers in a microcavity, we establish cooperative coupling between moiré-lattice excitons and microcavity photons up to the temperature of liquid nitrogen, thereby integrating versatile control of both matter and light into one platform. The density dependence of the moiré polaritons reveals strong nonlinearity due to exciton blockade, suppressed exciton energy shift and suppressed excitation-induced dephasing, all of which are consistent with the quantum confined nature of the moiré excitons. Such a moiré polariton system combines strong nonlinearity and microscopic-scale tuning of matter excitations using cavity engineering and long-range light coherence, providing a platform with which to study collective phenomena from tunable arrays of quantum emitters.

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