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1.
Bioact Mater ; 23: 206-222, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439082

RESUMO

Recent evidence highlights multifaceted biological needs to recapitulate the bone microenvironment for bone regeneration. Neurotization has great potential for realizing multi-system modulations in bone tissue engineering (BTE). However, a neural strategy involving all the key bone repair steps temporally has not yet been reported. In this study, we reported the neural tissue engineering hydrogel-encapsulated Schwann cell-derived exosomes (SC Exo). This sustained-release SC Exo system prominently enhanced bone regeneration by promoting innervation, immunoregulation, vascularization, and osteogenesis in vivo. Moreover, the in vitro results further confirmed that this system significantly induced M2 polarization of macrophages, tube formation of HUVECs, and BMSCs osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, BMSCs osteogenesis was promoted by upregulating the TGF-ß1/SMAD2/3 signaling pathway. In summary, a novel cell-free and easily prepared SC Exo neural engineering was successfully developed to promote bone regeneration by orchestrating the entire bone healing microenvironment, which may provide a new strategy for tissue engineering and clinical treatment of bone defects.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 23: 234-246, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439084

RESUMO

Objectives: Spinal fusion is a widely employed treatment of patients with degenerative disc disease, in which a cage is used to replace the disc for spinal fusion. But it often fails for insufficient mechanical strength and poor osseointegration. Here, we designed a polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK)/tantalum (Ta) composite cage with a biomimetic gradient porous micro-structure, simultaneously enhancing mechanical properties and accelerating osseointegration in spinal fusion. Materials and methods: In the study, based on the mechanical performances of PEEK and osteogenic potential of Ta, and the three-dimensional (3D) structures of cuttlebone and vertebra, the cages were respectively 3D printed by pure PEEK, PEEK with 5 wt% Ta (PEEK/Ta-5), PEEK with 10 wt% Ta (PEEK/Ta-10) and PEEK with 15 wt% Ta (PEEK/Ta-15), then verified in vitro and in sheep cervical fusion model systematically. Results: Vertebral Gyroid structure PEEK/Ta-15 cage exhibited superior mechanical properties than Cuttlebone-like structure PEEK/Ta-15 cage, closer to the cervical vertebra. Furthermore, PEEK/Ta-15 cage with higher Ta microparticles in PEEK provided a biomimetic gradient porous micro-structure with higher surface energy, guiding cell biological behavior, promoting new bone penetration, and accelerating osseointegration in vivo. Conclusion: In conclusion, the study designed a biomimetic gradient porous cage with a micro-structure for enhancing mechanical properties, accelerating osseointegration and forming an anatomical lock in the fusion segment through composites, mechanical efficiency, surface extension, and pores.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 561-567, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders have great health hazards and the exact pathogeny remains elusive now. We aim to explore the potential interaction effects of mitochondrial function and human behavior on the risks of anxiety and depression. METHODS: The genome-wide association study (GWAS) data of mitochondrial function (N = 383,476-982,072) were obtained from published studies. Individual level genotype and phenotype data of anxiety, depression and behavioral factors (including drinking, smoking and physical activity) were all from the UK Biobank (N = 84,805-85,164). We first calculated the polygenic risk scores (PRS) of mitochondrial function as the instrumental variables, and then constructed linear regression analyses to systematically explore the potential interaction effects of mitochondrial function and human behavior on anxiety and depression. RESULTS: In total samples, we observed mitochondrial heteroplasmy (MtHz) vs. Drinking (PGAD-7 = 6.49 × 10-3; PPHQ-9 = 1.89 × 10-3) was positively associated with both anxiety and depression. In males, MtHz vs. Drinking (PMale = 3.46 × 10-5) was positively correlated with depression. In females, blood mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) vs. Drinking (PFemale = 8.63 × 10-3) was negatively related to anxiety. Furthermore, we identified additional 6 suggestive interaction effects (P < 0.05) for anxiety and depression. LIMITATIONS: Considering all subjects were from UK Biobank, it should be careful to extrapolate our findings to other populations with different genetic background. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the significant impacts of mitochondrial function and human behavior interactions on the development of anxiety and depression, providing new clues for clarifying the pathogenesis of anxiety and depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Depressão/genética , Ansiedade/genética , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética
4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 121988, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308828

RESUMO

Our previous work firstly reported that (E)-2-styrylanthracene-9,10-dione is a novel fluorescent core (EK01) with the ability of specific mitochondria imaging. In this effort, we mainly focused our attention on the structure-photophysical property relationship and application in cells imaging of this new fluorescent chemotype. A series of the structural derivatives (TZ series) were designed and synthesized by introducing some substituents onto the 2-styryl moiety. The structure-photophysical property relationship analysis suggested that TZ03 is an excellent fluorescent molecular building block with the property of fluorescent "turn-on" effect after the modification of acylation, and TZ07 is an excellent fluorescent dye with a series of advantages such as high fluorescence intensity (Fmax = 4049.0 in CH2Cl2, 25.80 µM), moderate molar extinction coefficients (3.77 × 103-5.93 × 103 mol-1∙L∙cm-1), strong fluorescence quantum yield (Φmax = 0.739 in CH2Cl2), large Stokes shift (99.0 nm-161.8 nm) and well biological tolerance. As a classical D-π-A structure, the ICT characteristic of TZ07 was analyzed through spectroscopy verification and DFT calculations. Furthermore, optimized compound TZ07 was successfully applied in the living cells imaging with the excellent selectivity to mitochondria in a green fluorescent form. It was also suggested that the mechanism of TZ07 targeting mitochondria is independent of mitochondrial membrane potential, but probably related to the mitochondrial complex I. These findings may provide some insights into the development of novel mitochondria-targeted fluorescent probes.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Mitocôndrias , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Fluorescência , Diagnóstico por Imagem
5.
Anal Biochem ; 660: 114980, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368345

RESUMO

A precolumn derivatization-HPLC method using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine as respective labeling reagents for comprehensive analyses of the reactions catalyzed by acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS)/acetolactate synthase (ALS) is developed and evaluated in this research. Comparison with the classic Bauerle' UV assay which can analyze the enzymes only through measurement of acetoin production, the HPLC method shows advantages because it can analyze the enzymes not only via determination of consumption of the substrate pyruvate, but also via measurement of formation of the products including acetoin, 2,3-butanedione, and acetaldehyde in the enzymatic reactions. Thus the results deduced from the HPLC method can reflect the trait of each enzyme in a more precise manner. As far as we know, this is the first time that the reactions mediated by AHAS/ALS using pyruvate as a single substrate are globally analyzed and the features of the enzymes are properly discussed.


Assuntos
Acetolactato Sintase , Acetoína , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácido Pirúvico , Catálise
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159037, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179839

RESUMO

The problem of nitrate contamination in water has attracted widespread attention. Original biochar has a poor adsorption capacity for nitrate adsorption. Iron impregnation and acid protonation (base deprotonation) are common modification methods for biochar. In order to develop iron-mediated biochar containing multi-functional groups for enhancing nitrate adsorption, Fe-BC@H and Fe-BC@OH were prepared using a two-stage development process, including an iron-based carbon pyrolysis followed by acid protonation (or base deprotonation). The pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir models can well describe the adsorption process which is a physicochemical complex monolayer adsorption. The data proved that Fe-BC@H (9.35 mg/g NO3--N) had a stronger adsorption capacity than Fe-BC@OH (2.95 mg/g NO3--N). Surface morphologies, functional groups, and mineral compositions of Fe-BC@H and Fe-BC@OH were analyzed through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Characterization results showed that acid protonation can further improve the specific surface area (SSA), pore volume, and Zeta potential of Fe-based biochar, providing more adsorption sites for nitrate and enhancing the electrostatic force between nitrate and biochar. However, these effects were suppressed through base deprotonation. In addition, acid protonation can significantly increase the type and number of functional groups of biochar to enhance the chemisorption of nitrate. Such results suggested that the acid protonation can further improve the adsorption capacity of Fe-based biochar for nitrate, while base deprotonation had an inhibitory effect on that of Fe-based biochar. Overall, this study reveals that specific surface area, electrostatic force, and functional groups are crucial effects of the nitrate adsorption on acid/base modified biochar.


Assuntos
Nitratos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Nitratos/química , Ferro/química , Eletricidade Estática , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Óxidos de Nitrogênio , Cinética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115770, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191661

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cardiovascular diseases are still the leading cause of death worldwide. Heart failure (HF), as the terminal stage of many cardiovascular diseases, has brought a heavy burden to the global medical system. Microvascular rarefaction (decreased myocardial capillary density) with reduced coronary flow reserve is a hallmark of HF and therapeutic myocardial angiogenesis is now emerging as a promising approach for the prevention and treatment in HF. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has made remarkable achievements in the treatment of many cardiovascular diseases. Growing evidence have shown that their protective effect in HF is closely related to therapeutic angiogenesis. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review is to enlighten the therapeutic effect and pro-angiogenic mechanism of TCM in HF, and provide valuable hints for the development of pro-angiogenic drugs for the treatment of HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relevant information about cardioprotective TCM was collected from electronic scientific databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). RESULTS: The studies showed that TCM formulas, extracts, and compounds from herbal medicines can provide therapeutic effect in HF with their pro-angiogenic activity. Their actions are achieved mainly by regulating the key angiogenesis factors particularly VEGF, as well as related regulators including signal molecules and pathways, non-coding miRNAs and stem cells. CONCLUSION: TCM and their active components might be promising in therapeutic angiogenesis for the treatment of HF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129890, 2023 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084467

RESUMO

Gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) with luminescence property are emerging as promising candidates in fluorescent methods for monitoring contaminants, but low luminescence efficiency hampers their extensive applications. Herein, GSH-Au NCs@ZIF-8 was designed by encapsulating GSH-Au NCs with AIE effect into metal-organic frameworks, achieving high luminescence efficiency and good stability through the confinement effect of ZIF-8. Accordingly, a fluorescent sensing platform was constructed for the sensitive detection of copper ions (Cu2+) and organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). Firstly, the as-prepared GSH-Au NCs@ZIF-8 could strongly accumulate Cu2+ due to the adsorption property of MOFs, accompanied by a significant fluorescence quenching effect with a low detection limit of 0.016 µM for Cu2+. Besides, thiocholine (Tch), the hydrolysis product of acetylthiocholine (ATch) by acetylcholinesterase (AchE), could coordinate with Cu2+ by sulfhydryl groups (-SH), leading to a significant fluorescence recovery, which was further used for the quantification of OPs owing to its inhibition to AChE activity. Furthermore, a hydrogel sensor was explored to accomplish equipment-free, visual, and quantitative monitoring of Cu2+ and OPs by a smartphone sensing platform. Overall, this work provides an effective and universal strategy for enhancing the luminescence efficiency and stability of Au NCs, which would greatly promote their applications in contaminants monitoring.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Praguicidas , Acetilcolinesterase , Acetiltiocolina , Cobre , Ouro , Hidrogéis , Íons , Luminescência , Compostos Organofosforados , Praguicidas/análise , Tiocolina
9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1024044, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457809

RESUMO

Background: Systemic hypoperfusion plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Extreme dips in mean arterial pressure (MAP) due to high 24-h variability are associated with POAG, however, whether this is driven by diurnal or nocturnal dips remains undocumented. We aimed this study to investigate the association of POAG damage with variability and dips in the diurnal and nocturnal MAP. Methods: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study that included 110 POAG patients who underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Our outcomes included (i) functional [visual field defects expressed as mean deviation (MD)] and (ii) structural (optic disc cupping obtained from cup-to-disc ratio) glaucoma damage. MAP variability independent of the mean (VIMmap) was computed for diurnal and nocturnal MAP. Dips were the five diurnal and three nocturnal lowest drops in MAP. We also calculated the night-to-day ratio. We applied mixed models to evaluate the progression of visual field defects and optic disc cupping in relation to diurnal and nocturnal MAP measures. Results: The mean age was 64.0 y (53% women). The median follow-up was 9 years. In adjusted mixed models, functional progression of glaucoma damage was associated with VIMmap (-2.57 dB change in MD per every 3 mmHg increase in VIMmap; P < 0.001) and diurnal MAP dips (changes in the MD ranged from -2.56 to -3.19 dB; P < 0.001). Every 5 mmHg decrease in the nocturnal MAP level was associated with -1.14 dB changes in MD [95% confidence interval (CI), -1.90 to -0.40] and 0.01 larger optic disc cupping (95% CI, 0.01-0.02). Lower night-to-day ratio was also related to both outcomes (P ≤ 0.012). Functional glaucoma damage worsened if nocturnal hypotension was combined with high variability or extreme dips in the diurnal MAP (P ≤ 0.022). Conclusion: Progression of glaucoma damage in POAG associates with high variability and extreme dips in the diurnal MAP. Structural glaucoma damage seems more vulnerable to nocturnal hypotension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring allows the assessment of sporadic diurnal and persistent nocturnal hypotension episodes. These phenotypes might offer an opportunity to improve the risk-stratification of open-angle glaucoma (OAG).

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459617

RESUMO

Sodium-sulfur batteries operating at ambient temperature are being extensively studied because of the high theoretical capacity and abundant resources, yet the long-chain polysulfides' shuttle effect causes poor cycling performance of Na-S batteries. We report an annealing/etching method to converse low-cost wheat bran to a 3D honeycomb-like carbon with abundant micropores (WBMC), which is smaller than S8 molecular size (∼0.7 nm). Thus, the microporous structure could only fill small molecular sulfur (S2-4). The micropores made sulfur a one-step reaction without the shuttle effect due to the formed short-chain polysulfides being insoluble. The WBMC@S exhibits an excellent initial capacity (1413 mAh g-1) at 0.2 C, outstanding cycling performance (822 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 C), and high rate performance (483 mAh g-1 at 3.0 C). The electrochemical performance proves that the steric confinement of micropores effectively terminates the shuttle effect.

11.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111987, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461228

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of thermal treatment conditions (100-120 °C, 0-5 h) and active substance stability on the isomerization and degradation of lycopene in the "Sanhong" pummelo (C. grandis cv. Sanhongmiyou) matrix. The results revealed that the degradation of (all-E)-lycopene and total lycopene in pummelo could be well fit by the first-order kinetic model under thermal treatment. The total Z-lycopene ratio was maintained at nearly 40 % (120 °C, 4 h). The behavior of lycopene was related to the degradation of active substances, such as the degradation of ascorbic acid and polysaccharides. The stability of polysaccharides was temperature-dependent, and with the increasing temperature (100-120 °C), a significant negative correlation was observed between the content of Z-isomers and polysaccharides. The enhancement of lycopene isomerization was attributed to the degradation of polysaccharides under thermal treatment. These findings facilitate the functional development and efficient utilization of lycopene in fruit processing.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Citrus , Licopeno , Isomerismo , Frutas
12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 969034, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466881

RESUMO

Background: Advances in tumor immunotherapy have been developed for patients with advanced recurrent or metastatic (R/M) HNSCC. However, the response of most HNSCC patients to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) remains unsatisfactory. CD73 is a promising target for tumor immunotherapy, but its role in HNSCC remains insufficient. In this study, we aim to explore the function of CD73 in HNSCC. Methods: Transcriptomic and clinical data of TCGA-HNSC were downloaded from UCSC Xena for analysis of CD73 mRNA expression and prognosis. Immunohistochemical assay were performed to validate the expression of CD73 in tumor tissues and its relationship with CD8+ T cells. GSEA analysis was performed with the "clusterProfiler" R package. Immune infiltration analysis was calculated with ESTIMATE, CIBERSORT and MCP-counter algorithms. Single-cell transcriptomic data was originated from GSE103322. Cell clustering, annotation and CD73 expression were from the TISCH database. Correlation data between CD73 and tumor signatures were obtained from the CancerSEA database. Somatic mutation data were obtained from TCGA-HNSC and analyzed by "maftools" R package. Immune efficacy prediction was performed using TIDE algorithm and validated with the IMvigor210 cohort. Results: Compared with normal tissues, both mRNA and protein expressions of CD73 were elevated in tumor tissues (P = 9.7×10-10, P = 7.6×10-5, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with high expression of CD73 had worse overall survival (log-rank P = 0.0094), and CD73 could be used as a diagnostic factor for HNSCC (AUC = 0.778). Both bulk RNA-seq and single-cell RNA-seq analysis showed that high CD73 expression can promote EMT and metastasis, samples with high CD73 expression had reduced CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, it was found that CD73-high group was more prone to have mutations in TP53, HRAS and CDKN2A, and were negatively correlated with TMB (P = 0.0055) and MSI (P = 0.00034). Mutational signature analysis found that CD73 was associated with APOBEC signature. Immunotherapy efficacy analysis showed that CD73-high group was less sensitive to immune efficacy. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that CD73 has an inhibitory effect on the tumor microenvironment, and is more likely to be unresponsive to ICI therapy. Collectively, targeting CD73 may provide new insights for tumor targeted therapy and/or immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Prognóstico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Imunoterapia , Fatores Imunológicos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Biomarcadores , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(22): 6183-6190, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471943

RESUMO

Taking lipophagy as the breakthrough point, we explored the mechanism of Zexie Decoction(ZXD) in improving lipid metabolism in the hepatocyte model induced by palmitic acid(PA) and in the animal model induced by high-fat diet(HFD) on the basis of protein kinase B(Akt)/transcription factor EB(TFEB) signaling pathway. Co-localization was carried out for the microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3) plasmid labeled with green fluorescent protein(GFP) and lipid droplets(LDs), and immunofluorescence co-localization for liver LC3 of HFD mice and perilipin 2(PLIN2). The results showed that ZXD up-regulated the expression of LC3, reduced lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, and increased the co-localization of LC3 and LDs, thereby activating lipo-phagy. Western blot results confirmed that ZXD increased autophagy-related protein LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ transformation ratio and lysosome-associated membrane protein 2(LAMP2) in vivo and in vitro and promoted the degradation of sequestosome-1(SQSTM1/p62)(P<0.05). The results above jointly explained that ZXD regulated lipophagy. Furthermore, ZXD activated TFEB expression(P<0.05) and reversed the PA-and HFD-induced decrease of TFEB nuclear localization in hepatocytes(P<0.05). Meanwhile, ZXD activated liver TFEB to up-regulate the expression of the targets Lamp2, Lc3 B, Bcl2, and Atg5(P<0.05). Additionally, ZXD down-regulated the protein level of p-Akt upstream of TFEB in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, ZXD may promote lipophagy by regulating the Akt/TFEB pathway.

14.
Hypertension ; 2022 12 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial arteriosclerosis could explain the association between blood pressure (BP) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). Therefore, we tested whether intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) mediates the association between BP and CSVD and determined pathophysiological mechanisms based on ICAC subtypes. METHODS: One thousand four hundred fifty-eight stroke-free participants from the Rotterdam Study (mean age, 68 years; 52% women) underwent nonenhanced computed tomography scans to quantify ICAC volume (mm3) between 2003 and 2015. ICAC was categorized into intimal and internal elastic lamina calcifications. CSVD included white matter hyperintensities volume, the presence of lacunes, and cerebral microbleeds visualized on magnetic resonance imaging. Office BP included systolic BP, diastolic BP, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure. Mediation analysis included a 2-way decomposition to determine the direct association between BP and CSVD and the indirect or mediated effect (negative or positive mediations expressed in %) of ICAC volume on such association. BP and log-ICAC were correlated and were also associated with CSVD. RESULTS: In all participants, total log-ICAC volume mediated the association of diastolic BP (-14.5%) and pulse pressure (16.5%) with log-white matter hyperintensities. Internal elastic lamina log-ICAC volume mediated -19.5% of the association between diastolic BP and log-white matter hyperintensities; intimal log-ICAC volume did not mediate associations. For lacunes, total and internal elastic lamina log-ICAC volume mediated the association of diastolic BP (-40% and -45.8%) and pulse pressure (26.9% and 18.2%). We did not observe mediations for cerebral microbleeds. CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial arteriosclerosis mediates the association between BP and CSVD. Internal elastic lamina calcification, considered a proxy of arterial stiffness, is the leading mechanism explaining the link between BP and CSVD.

15.
Mol Biol Evol ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458838

RESUMO

The Angiosperms353 gene set (AGS) consists of a set of 353 universal low-copy nuclear genes that were selected by examining more than 600 angiosperm species. These genes can be used for phylogenetic studies and population genetics at multiple taxonomic scales. However, current pipelines are not able to recover Angiosperms353 genes efficiently and accurately from high-throughput sequences. Here, we developed Easy353, a reference-guided assembly tool to recover the AGS from high-throughput sequencing (HTS) data (including genome skimming, RNA-seq, and target enrichment). Easy353 is an open-source user-friendly assembler for diverse types of high-throughput data. It has a graphical user interface and a command-line interface that is compatible with all widely-used computer systems. Evaluations based on both simulated and empirical data suggest that Easy353 yields low rates of assembly errors.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 11405-11412, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459057

RESUMO

Intrinsic two-dimensional (2D) multiferroics that couple ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity are rare. Here, we present an approach to achieve 2D multiferroics using powerful intercalation technology. In this approach, metal atoms such as Cu or Ag atoms are intercalated in bilayer CrI3 to form Cu(CrI3)4 or Ag(CrI3)4. The intercalant leads to the inversion symmetry breaking and produces a large out-of-plane electric polarization with a low transition barrier and a small reversal electric field, exhibiting excellent 2D ferroelectric properties. In addition, due to charge transfer between the intercalated atoms and bilayer CrI3, the interlayer coupling transits from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic, and the intralayer ferromagnetic coupling is also enhanced. Furthermore, the built-in electric polarization causes a distinct surface magnetization difference, generating a strong magnetoelectric coupling with a coefficient larger than that of Fe, Co, and Ni thin films. Our work paves a practical path for 2D multiferroics, which may have crucial applications in spintronics.

17.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 131: 1182-1191, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403702

RESUMO

As a functional feed additive, yeast cultures are rich in nucleotides, and adding extra nuclease can significantly increase the content of nucleotides in yeast culture. In this experiment, the effects on growth, epidermal mucus, liver and intestinal health of zebrafish were evaluated by supplementing the yeast culture or nuclease-treated yeast culture with a high-fat diet (HFD). One-month-old zebrafish were fed four diets: normal diet (NORM), HFD, yeast culture diet (YC), and nuclease-treated yeast culture diet (YC (N)) for three weeks. Results showed that the complement 4 activity of the epidermal mucus in YC (N) group was significantly higher than those in HFD and YC groups (P < 0.05). The YC and YC (N) significantly reduced the content of hepatic triglyceride caused by HFD (P < 0.05). Moreover, compared with the YC group, the YC (N) significantly increased the expression of lipolysis genes, such as PPARα, PGC1α, ACOX3 (P < 0.05). Compared with the YC group, the YC (N) group significantly increased the expression of liver pro-inflammatory factors TNFα, IL-6, IL-1ß and anti-inflammatory factors TGFß, IL-10 (P < 0.05). The diet YC and YC (N) significantly improved the height of the intestinal villus (P < 0.05). Compared with the HFD group, the YC (N) group significantly increased the expression of intestinal pro-inflammatory factors TNFα, IL-6 and anti-inflammatory factors TGFß, IL-10 (P < 0.05). The YC (N) group significantly decreased the abundance of intestinal Proteobacteria and Acinetobacter, and increased the abundance of intestinal Actinobacteria, Mycobacterium and Rhodobacter (P < 0.05). In conclusion, compared with the supplement of yeast culture, nuclease treated yeast culture can further alleviate the adverse effects of HFD on liver and intestinal health, and be used as feed additives for the nutritional and immune regulation of fish.

19.
20.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221130746, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411982

RESUMO

To investigate the therapeutic effect of rabeprazole and rebamipide on patient age over 60 with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)-related upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 360 patients age over 60 undergoing PCI were recruited for antiplatelet therapy involving a combined treatment of aspirin (100 mg/d) and clopidogrel (75 mg/d). The enrolled patients were divided into 4 groups: the control group, the rabeprazole group, the rebamipide group, and the rabeprazole + rebamipide group. The incidence and severity of any upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were observed 6 months after the operation. The incidence of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in the 4 groups was 11.1%, 3.3%, 8.9%, and 1.1%, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). On comparing the groups, the differences between the control group and the rabeprazole group, those between the control group and the rabeprazole + rebamipide group, and those between the rebamipide group and the rabeprazole + rebamipide group were found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05). The severity of the upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in the rabeprazole group and the rabeprazole + rebamipide group was significantly lower than that in the control group. The 4 groups exhibited no significant differences in the incidence of MACEs (P > 0.05). For patients age over 60 receiving DAPT following PCI in our study population, treatment with rabeprazole or a combination of rabeprazole and rebamipide could reduce the risk of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, as well as reduce its severity.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Humanos , Rabeprazol/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico
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