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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1302: 342492, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580406

RESUMO

The rational design of DNA tracks is an effective pathway to guide the autonomous movement and high-efficiency recognition in DNA walkers, showing outstanding advantages for the cascade signal amplification of electrochemical biosensors. However, the uncontrolled distance between two adjacent tracks on the electrode could increase the risk of derailment and interruption of the reaction. Hence, a novel four-way balanced cruciform-shaped DNA track (C-DNT) was designed as a structured pathway to improve the effectiveness and stability of the reaction in DNA walkers. In this work, two kinds of cruciform-shaped DNA were interconnected as a robust structure that could avoid the invalid movement of the designed DNA walker on the electrode. When hairpin H2 was introduced onto the electrode, the strand displacement reaction (SDR) effectively triggered movements of the DNA walker along the cruciform-shaped track while leaving ferrocene (Fc) on the electrode, leading to a significant enhancement of the electrochemical signal. This design enabled the walker to move in an excellent organized and controllable manner, thus enhancing the reaction speed and walking efficiency. Compared to other walkers moving on random tracks, the reaction time of the C-DNT-based DNA walker could be reduced to 20 min. Lead ion (Pb2+) was used as a model target to evaluate the analytical performance of this biosensor, which exhibited a low detection limit of 0.033 pM along with a wide detection ranging from 0.1 pM to 500 nM. This strategy presented a novel concept for designing a high-performance DNA walker-based sensing platform for the detection of contaminants.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Chumbo , DNA Cruciforme , Limite de Detecção , DNA/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567821

RESUMO

Visible-light-promoted hydrocarboxylation of allenes with formate salt and CO2 was developed for the first time using commercially available [Ir(ppy)2(dtbbpy)]PF6 as a photocatalyst. This strategy provides an efficient and practical method to access ß,γ-unsaturated linear carboxylic acids in moderate yields with complete regioselectivity.

3.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 111: 74-83, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604347

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with Compressed SENSE (CS) and deep learning (DL-CS-DWI) can improve image quality and lesion detection in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This single-center prospective study enrolled consecutive at-risk participants who underwent 3.0 T gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI. Conventional DWI was acquired using parallel imaging (PI) with SENSE (PI-DWI). In CS-DWI and DL-CS-DWI, CS but not PI with SENSE was used to accelerate the scan with 2.5 as the acceleration factor. Qualitative and quantitative image quality were independently assessed by two masked reviewers, and were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The detection rates of clinically-relevant (LR-4/5/M based on the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System v2018) liver lesions for each DWI sequence were independently evaluated by another two masked reviewers against their consensus assessments based on all available non-DWI sequences, and were compared by the McNemar test. RESULTS: 67 participants (median age, 58.0 years; 56 males) with 197 clinically-relevant liver lesions were enrolled. Among the three DWI sequences, DL-CS-DWI showed the best qualitative and quantitative image qualities (p range, <0.001-0.039). For clinically-relevant liver lesions, the detection rates (91.4%-93.4%) of DL-CS-DWI showed no difference with CS-DWI (87.3%-89.8%, p = 0.230-0.231) but were superior to PI-DWI (82.7%-85.8%, p = 0.015-0.025). For lesions located in the hepatic dome, DL-CS-DWI demonstrated the highest detection rates (94.8%-97.4% vs 76.9%-79.5% vs 64.1%-69.2%, p = 0.002-0.045) among the three DWI sequences. CONCLUSION: In patients at high-risk for HCC, DL-CS-DWI improved image quality and detection for clinically-relevant liver lesions, especially for the hepatic dome.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1249-1254, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621971

RESUMO

The chemical constituents of Draconis Sanguis were preliminarily studied by macroporous resin, silica gel, dextran gel, and high-performance liquid chromatography. One retro-dihydrochalcone, four flavonoids, and one stilbene were isolated. Their chemical structures were identified as 4-hydroxy-2,6-dimethoxy-3-methyldihydrochalcone(1), 4'-hydroxy-5,7-dimethoxy-8-methylflavan(2), 7-hydroxy-4',5-dimethoxyflavan(3),(2S)-7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6-methylflavan(4),(2S)-7-hydroxy-5-methoxyflavan(5), and pterostilbene(6) by modern spectroscopy, physicochemical properties, and literature comparison. Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2 and 6 were first found in the Arecaceae family. Compound 5 had the potential to prevent and treat diabetic kidney disease.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172333, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608896

RESUMO

Although ligand-promoted photodissolution of ferrihydrite (FH) has long been known for low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs), such as oxalate (Oxa) and malonate (Mal), photochemistry of coprecipitated FH with Oxa and Mal remains unknown, despite the importance of these mineral-organic associations in carbon retention has been acknowledged recently. In this study, ferrihydrite-LMWOAs associations (FLAs) were synthesized under circumneutral conditions. Photo-dissolution kinetics of FLAs were compared with those of adsorbed LMWOAs on FH surface and dissolved Fe-LMWOAs complexes through monitoring Fe(II) formation and organic carbon decay. For aqueous Fe(III)-LMWOAs complexes, Fe(II) yield was controlled by the initial concentration of LMWOAs and nature of photochemically generated carbon-centered radicals. Inner-sphere mononuclear bidentate (MB) configuration dominated while LMWOAs were adsorbed on the FH surface. MB complex of FH-Oxa was more photoreactive, leading to the rapid depletion of Oxa. Oxa can be readsorbed but in the form of binuclear bidentate and outer-sphere complexation, with much lower photoreactivity. While LMWOAs was coprecipitated with FH, the combination mode of LMWOAs with FH includes surface adsorption with a mononuclear bidentate structure and internal physical inclusion. Higher content of LMWOAs in the FLAs promoted the photo-production of Fe(II) as compared to pure FH, while it was not the case for FLAs containing moderate amounts of LMWOAs. The distinct photochemistry of adsorbed and coprecipitated Fe-LMWOAs complexes is attributed to ligand availability and configuration patterns of LMWOAs on the surface or entrapped in the interior structure. The present findings have significant implications for understanding the photochemical redox cycling of iron across the interface of Fe-organic mineral associates.

6.
Opt Lett ; 49(7): 1786-1789, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560863

RESUMO

We have demonstrated a 3-µm all-solid-state single-frequency laser with a stable center frequency and a switchable wavelength using the intra-cavity Fabry-Perot etalon method. Experimentally, the central wavelengths of the laser for the single-longitudinal mode are 2728 and 2794 nm, with maximum output powers of 268 and 440 mW, respectively. The corresponding single-longitudinal mode linewidths are 25 and 11 MHz. In particular, the central wavelengths of the single-longitudinal mode laser remain almost constant as the incident pump power increases. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first instance of using a laser diode to directly pump Er:CaF2 block single crystals for single-frequency lasers in the 3 µm region. Additionally, it achieves the highest output power of a 3-µm all-solid-state single-longitudinal mode.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1364940, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586175

RESUMO

Background: A novel non-contact system for remote parameter testing and reprogramming offers an alternative method for assessing device parameters during cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) implantation without the need for physical contact with the manufacturer's clinical service technician. The safety and feasibility of using this system in CIEDs implantation procedures remains to be determined. Objective: Evaluate the safety and feasibility of remote parameter testing in CIEDs implantation procedures. Methods: A single center, randomized, open-label, non-inferiority trial (ChiCTR2200057587) was conducted to compare the two approaches for interrogating CIEDs during implantation procedures: routine interrogation performed by on-site technicians or remote interrogation performed by technicians using the 5G-Cloud Technology Platform. Patients aged ≥18 years and elected to receive CIEDs were eligible for inclusion. The primary endpoint was the completion rate of the parameter test. Safety and efficiency were evaluated in all randomly assigned participants. Results: A total of 480 patients were finally enrolled and were randomly assigned to routine group (n = 240) or remote group (n = 240). The primary endpoint was achieved by 100% in both groups (P = 0.0060 for noninferiority). The parameters of sensing, threshold, and impedance regarding the right atrium, right ventricle, and left ventricle had no statistical significance between the two groups (P > 0.05). Procedure time, parameter testing time, and both duration and dose of x-ray irradiation were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05). Shut-open door frequency was significantly higher in the routine group than the remote group [6.00 (4.00, 8.00) vs. 0, P < 0.0001]. Notably, no clinical or technical complications were observed in the remote group. Conclusions: Remote parameter testing is safe and feasible across various devices implantation procedures. The utilization of remote parameter testing and reprogramming could represent an innovative approach to improve healthcare accessibility and unlock the full potential of secondary centers in managing CIEDs. The Registration Identification: ChiCTR2200057587.

8.
J Cell Physiol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591363

RESUMO

Understanding how skeletal muscle fiber proportions are regulated is essential for understanding muscle function and improving the quality of mutton. While circular RNA (circRNA) has a critical function in myofiber type transformation, the specific mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Prior evidence indicates that circular ubiquitin-specific peptidase 13 (circUSP13) can promote myoblast differentiation by acting as a ceRNA, but its potential role in myofiber switching is still unknown. Herein, we found that circUSP13 enhanced slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC-slow) and suppressed MyHC-fast expression in goat primary myoblasts (GPMs). Meanwhile, circUSP13 evidently enhanced the remodeling of the mitochondrial network while inhibiting the autophagy of GPMs. We obtained fast-dominated myofibers, via treatment with rotenone, and further demonstrated the positive role of circUSP13 in the fast-to-slow transition. Mechanistically, activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) pathway significantly impaired the slow-to-fast shift in fully differentiated myotubes, which was restored by circUSP13 or IGF1 overexpression. In conclusion, circUSP13 promoted the fast-to-slow myofiber type transition through MAPK/ERK signaling in goat skeletal muscle. These findings provide novel insights into the role of circUSP13 in myofiber type transition and contribute to a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying meat quality.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592060

RESUMO

Cartilage injuries are escalating worldwide, particularly in aging society. Given its limited self-healing ability, the repair and regeneration of damaged articular cartilage remain formidable challenges. To address this issue, nanomaterials are leveraged to achieve desirable repair outcomes by enhancing mechanical properties, optimizing drug loading and bioavailability, enabling site-specific and targeted delivery, and orchestrating cell activities at the nanoscale. This review presents a comprehensive survey of recent research in nanomedicine for cartilage repair, with a primary focus on biomaterial design considerations and recent advances. The review commences with an introductory overview of the intricate cartilage microenvironment and further delves into key biomaterial design parameters crucial for treating cartilage damage, including microstructure, surface charge, and active targeting. The focal point of this review lies in recent advances in nano drug delivery systems and nanotechnology-enabled 3D matrices for cartilage repair. We discuss the compositions and properties of these nanomaterials and elucidate how these materials impact the regeneration of damaged cartilage. This review underscores the pivotal role of nanotechnology in improving the efficacy of biomaterials utilized for the treatment of cartilage damage.

10.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1340336, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590742

RESUMO

China consumes 35% of the world's fertilizer every year; however, most of the nitrogen fertilizers, which are essential for rice cultivation, are not used effectively. In this study, factors affecting the nitrogen leaching loss rate were studied in typical soil and rice varieties in South China. The effects of various irrigation measures on rice growth and nitrogen leaching loss were investigated by conducting experiments with eight groups. These groups included traditional irrigation (TI) and shallow wet irrigation (SWI). The TI is a common irrigation method for farmers in South China, maintaining a water layer of 5-8 cm depth. For SWI, after establishing a shallow water layer usually maintaining at 1-2 cm, paddy is irrigated when the field water level falls to a certain depth, then this process is then repeat as necessary. The nitrogen distribution characteristics were determined using 15N isotope tracing. In addition, the effects of nitrification, denitrification, and microbial composition on soil nitrogen transformation at different depths were studied by microbial functional gene quantification and high-throughput sequencing. The results revealed that in the SWI groups, the total nitrogen leaching loss rate reduced by 0.3-0.8% and the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) increased by 2.18-4.43% compared with those in the TI groups. After the 15N-labeled nitrogen fertilizer was applied, the main pathways of nitrogen were found to be related to plant absorption and nitrogen residues. Furthermore, paddy soil ammonia-oxidizing archaea were more effective than ammonia-oxidizing bacteria for soil ammonia oxidation by SWI groups. The SWI measures increased the relative abundance of Firmicutes in paddy soil, enhancing the ability of rice to fix nitrogen to produce ammonium nitrogen, thus reducing the dependence of rice on chemical fertilizers. Moreover, SWI enhanced the relative abundance of nirS and nosZ genes within surface soil bacteria, thereby promoting denitrification in the surface soil of paddy fields. SWI also promoted ammonia oxidation and denitrification by increasing the abundance and activity of Proteobacteria, Nitrospirae, and Bacteroidetes. Collectively, SWI effectively reduced the nitrogen leaching loss rate and increase NUE.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1356286, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572308

RESUMO

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is associated with aberrant gene expression that is a common peripheral vascular disease. Here, we aimed to elucidate that the epigenetic modification of forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) at the post-transcriptional level, which might be the key trigger leading to the down-regulation of FOXP3 expression in DVT. Methods: In order to explore the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and FOXP3, mRNA and microRNA microarray analysis were performed. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the upstream miRNAs of FOXP3. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry and Western blot were used to detect the relative expression of miR-6132 and FOXP3. Additionally, DVT models were established to investigate the role of miR-6132 by Murine Doppler Ultrasound and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Results: Microarray and flow cytometry results showed that the FOXP3 expression was decreased while miR-6132 level was increased substantially in DVT, and there was significant negative correlation between miR-6132 and FOXP3. Moreover, we discovered that overexpressed miR-6132 reduced FOXP3 expression and aggravated DVT formation, while miR-6132 knockdown increased FOXP3 expression and alleviated DVT formation. Dual luciferase reporter assay validated the direct binding of miR-6132 to FOXP3. Conclusion: Collectively, our data elucidate a new avenue through which up-regulated miR-6132 contributes to the formation and progression of DVT by inhibiting FOXP3 expression.

12.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1381877, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572316

RESUMO

Most of vaccinees and COVID-19 convalescents can build effective anti-SARS-CoV-2 humoral immunity, which helps preventing infection and alleviating symptoms. However, breakthrough viral infections caused by emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants, especially Omicron subvariants, still pose a serious threat to global health. By monitoring the viral infections and the sera neutralization ability of a long-tracked cohort, we found out that the immune evasion of emerging Omicron subvariants and the decreasing neutralization led to the mini-wave of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections. Meanwhile, no significant difference had been found in the infectivity of tested SARS-CoV-2 variants, even though the affinity between human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) and receptor-binding domain (RBDs) of tested variants showed an increasing trend. Notably, the immune imprinting of inactivated COVID-19 vaccine can be relieved by infections of BA.5.2 and XBB.1.5 variants sequentially. Our data reveal the rising reinfection risk of immune evasion variants like Omicron JN.1 in China, suggesting the importance of booster with updated vaccines.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Infecções Irruptivas , Estudos de Coortes , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
13.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 249: 108141, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung tumor annotation is a key upstream task for further diagnosis and prognosis. Although deep learning techniques have promoted automation of lung tumor segmentation, there remain challenges impeding its application in clinical practice, such as a lack of prior annotation for model training and data-sharing among centers. METHODS: In this paper, we use data from six centers to design a novel federated semi-supervised learning (FSSL) framework with dynamic model aggregation and improve segmentation performance for lung tumors. To be specific, we propose a dynamically updated algorithm to deal with model parameter aggregation in FSSL, which takes advantage of both the quality and quantity of client data. Moreover, to increase the accessibility of data in the federated learning (FL) network, we explore the FAIR data principle while the previous federated methods never involve. RESULT: The experimental results show that the segmentation performance of our model in six centers is 0.9348, 0.8436, 0.8328, 0.7776, 0.8870 and 0.8460 respectively, which is superior to traditional deep learning methods and recent federated semi-supervised learning methods. CONCLUSION: The experimental results demonstrate that our method is superior to the existing FSSL methods. In addition, our proposed dynamic update strategy effectively utilizes the quality and quantity information of client data and shows efficiency in lung tumor segmentation. The source code is released on (https://github.com/GDPHMediaLab/FedDUS).

14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2305876, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576190

RESUMO

Robust anti-counterfeiting techniques aim for easy identification while remaining difficult to forge, especially for high-value items such as currency and passports. However, many existing anti-counterfeiting techniques rely on deterministic processes, resulting in loopholes for duplication and counterfeiting. Therefore, achieving high-level encryption and easy authentication through conventional anti-counterfeiting techniques has remained a significant challenge. To address this, this work proposes a solution that combined fluorescence and structural colors, creating a physically unclonable multiplex encryption system (PUMES). In this study, the physicochemical properties of colloidal photonic inks are systematically adjusted to construct a comprehensive printing phase diagram, revealing the printable region. Furthermore, the brightness and color saturation of inkjet-printed colloidal photonic crystal structural colors are optimized by controlling the substrate's hydrophobicity, printed droplet volume, and the addition of noble metals. Finally, fluorescence is incorporated to build PUMES, including macroscopic fluorescence and structural color patterns, as well as microscopic physically unclonable fluorescence patterns. The PUMES with intrinsic randomness and high encoding capacity are authenticated by a deep learning algorithm, which proved to be reliable and efficient under various observation conditions. This approach can provide easy identification and formidable resistance against counterfeiting, making it highly promising for the next-generation anti-counterfeiting of currency and passports.

15.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 116, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a serious complication in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), which still lacks adequate therapy. Irisin, a cleavage peptide off fibronectin type III domain-containing 5, has been shown to preserve cardiac function in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury. Whether or not irisin plays a cardioprotective role in DCM is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: T1DM was induced by multiple low-dose intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin (STZ). Our current study showed that irisin expression/level was lower in the heart and serum of mice with STZ-induced TIDM. Irisin supplementation by intraperitoneal injection improved the impaired cardiac function in mice with DCM, which was ascribed to the inhibition of ferroptosis, because the increased ferroptosis, associated with increased cardiac malondialdehyde (MDA), decreased reduced glutathione (GSH) and protein expressions of solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), was ameliorated by irisin. In the presence of erastin, a ferroptosis inducer, the irisin-mediated protective effects were blocked. Mechanistically, irisin treatment increased Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and decreased p53 K382 acetylation, which decreased p53 protein expression by increasing its degradation, consequently upregulated SLC7A11 and GPX4 expressions. Thus, irisin-mediated reduction in p53 decreases ferroptosis and protects cardiomyocytes against injury due to high glucose. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that irisin could improve cardiac function by suppressing ferroptosis in T1DM via the SIRT1-p53-SLC7A11/GPX4 pathway. Irisin may be a therapeutic approach in the management of T1DM-induced cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Ferroptose , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Sirtuína 1 , Fibronectinas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Miócitos Cardíacos
16.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e079434, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569709

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after thoracic surgery impairs patients' quality of life and increases the incidence of respiratory complications. Optimised analgesia strategies include minimally invasive incisions, regional analgesia and early chest tube removal. However, little is known about the optimal analgesic regimen for uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (uVATS). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a single-centre, prospective, single-blind, randomised trial. The effects of postoperative analgesia will be tested using thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) in combination with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PVB+PCIA), erector spinae plane block (ESPB) in combination with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (ESPB+PCIA) or PCIA alone; 102 patients undergoing uVATS will be enrolled in this study. Patients will be randomly assigned to the PVB group (30 mL of 0.33% ropivacaine with dexamethasone), ESPB group (40 mL of 0.25% ropivacaine with dexamethasone) or control groups. PCIA with sufentanil will be administered to all patients after surgery. The primary outcome will be total opioid consumption after surgery. Secondary outcomes include postoperative pain score; postoperative chronic pain at rest and during coughing; sensations of touch and pain in the chest wall, non-opioid analgesic consumption; length of stay; ambulation time, the total cost of hospitalisation and long-term postoperative analgesia. Adverse reactions to analgesics and adverse events related to the regional blocks will also be recorded. The statisticians will be blinded to the group allocation. Comparison of the continuous data among the three groups will be performed using a one-way analysis of variance to assess differences among the means. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The results will be published in patient education courses, academic conferences and peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT06016777.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Humanos , Ropivacaina , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Analgésicos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Dexametasona , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28786, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576566

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) and cancer are the two leading causes of death worldwide and affect one another in a bidirectional way. We aimed to identify hub therapeutic genes as potential biomarkers for the identification and treatment of HF and cancer. Gene expression data of heart samples from patients with ischemic HF (IHF) and healthy controls were retrieved from the GSE42955 and GSE57338 databases. Difference analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were used to identify key modules associated with IHF. The overlapping genes were subjected to gene and protein enrichment analyses to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, which was screened for hub genes among the overlapping genes. A total of eight hub genes were subjected to correlation, immune cell infiltration, and ROC analyses. Then we analyzed the roles of two significant genes in 33 tumor types to explore their potential as common targets in HF and cancer. A total of 85 genes were identified by WGCNA and differentially expressed gene (DEG) analyses. BRCA1, MED17, CENPA, RXRA, RXRB, SMARCA2, CDCA2, and PMS2 were identified as the hub genes with IHF. Finally, CENPA and BRCA1 were identified as potential common targets for IHF and cancer. These findings provide new perspectives for expanding our understanding of the etiology and underlying mechanisms of HF and cancer.

18.
World J Hepatol ; 16(3): 405-417, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Models for predicting hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) after nucleos(t)ide analog treatment are rare. AIM: To establish a simple scoring model based on a response-guided therapy (RGT) strategy for predicting HBeAg seroconversion and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) clearance. METHODS: In this study, 75 previously treated patients with HBeAg-positive CHB underwent a 52-week peginterferon-alfa (PEG-IFNα) treatment and a 24-wk follow-up. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess parameters at baseline, week 12, and week 24 to predict HBeAg seroconversion at 24 wk post-treatment. The two best predictors at each time point were used to establish a prediction model for PEG-IFNα therapy efficacy. Parameters at each time point that met the corresponding optimal cutoff thresholds were scored as 1 or 0. RESULTS: The two most meaningful predictors were HBsAg ≤ 1000 IU/mL and HBeAg ≤ 3 S/CO at baseline, HBsAg ≤ 600 IU/mL and HBeAg ≤ 3 S/CO at week 12, and HBsAg ≤ 300 IU/mL and HBeAg ≤ 2 S/CO at week 24. With a total score of 0 vs 2 at baseline, week 12, and week 24, the response rates were 23.8%, 15.2%, and 11.1% vs 81.8%, 80.0%, and 82.4%, respectively, and the HBsAg clearance rates were 2.4%, 3.0%, and 0.0%, vs 54.5%, 40.0%, and 41.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We successfully established a predictive model and diagnosis-treatment process using the RGT strategy to predict HBeAg and HBsAg seroconversion in patients with HBeAg-positive CHB undergoing PEG-IFNα therapy.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28060, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560194

RESUMO

In this research, we unveil the medical potential of pearls by identifying a novel bioactive peptide within them for the first time. The peptide, termed KKCHFWPFPW, emerges as a pioneering angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, originating from the pearl matrix of Pinctada fucata. Employing quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, this peptide was meticulously selected and pinpointed. With a molecular weight of 1417.5 Da and a theoretical isoelectric point of 9.31, its inhibitory potency was demonstrated through a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 4.17 µM, established via high-performance liquid chromatography. The inhibition of ACE by this peptide was found to be competitive, as revealed by Lineweaver-Burk plot analysis, where an increase in peptide concentration correlated with an enhanced rate of ACE inhibition. To delve into the interaction between KKCHFWPFPW and ACE, molecular docking simulations were conducted using the Maestro 2022-1 Glide software, shedding light on the inhibitory mechanism. This investigation suggests that peptides derived from the P. martensii pearl matrix hold promise as a novel source for antihypertensive agents.

20.
Adv Mater ; : e2401858, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569594

RESUMO

Flexible zinc-air batteries are the leading candidates as the next-generation power source for flexible/wearable electronics. However, constructing the safe and high-performance solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) with intrinsic hydroxide ion (OH-) conduction remains a fundamental challenge. Herein, by adopting the natural and robust cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) as building blocks, the biomass SSEs with penetrating ion and water channels are constructed by knitting the OH--conductive CNFs and water-retentive CNFs together via an energy-efficient tape casting. Benefiting from the abundant ion and water channels with interconnected hydrated OH- wires for fast OH- conduction under nanoconfined environment, the biomass SSEs reveal the high water-uptake, impressive OH- conductivity of 175 mS·cm-1 and mechanical robustness simultaneously, which overcomes the commonly existed dilemma between ion conductivity and mechanical property. Remarkably, the flexible zinc-air batteries assembled with biomass SSEs deliver exceptional cycle lifespan of 310 hours and power density of 126 mW·cm-2. The design methodology for water and ion channels opens a new avenue to design high-performance SSEs for batteries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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