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1.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101311, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559445

RESUMO

To explore the microbial diversity and flavor profiles of stinky acid, we utilized high-throughput sequencing, culture-based techniques, and bionic E-sensory technologies. The results revealed a significant correlation between the acidity levels of stinky acid and the richness of its microbial community. Ten core bacterial genera and three core fungal genera exhibited ubiquity across all stinky acid samples. Through E-nose analysis, it was found that sulfides constituted the principal odor compounds responsible for stinky acid's distinct aroma. Further insights arose from the correlation analysis, indicating the potential contribution of Debaryomyces yeast to the sour taste profile. Meanwhile, three genera-Rhizopus and Thermoascus and Companilactobacillus-were identified as contributors to aromatic constituents. Interestingly, the findings indicated that Rhizopus and Thermoascus could reduce the intensity of the pungent odor of stinky acid. In summary, this investigation's outcomes offer new insights into the complex bacterial diversity of stinky acid.

2.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 25(1): 2322206, 2024 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436092

RESUMO

Salidroside inhibited the proliferation of cancer cell. Nevertheless, the mechanism has not been completely clarified. The purpose of the study is to explore the mechanisms of salidroside against gastric cancer. To analyze the changes of microRNA (miRNA) in gastric cancer cells under the treatment of salidroside, the miRNA expression was analyzed by using RNA-seq in cancer cells for 24 h after salidroside treatment. The differentially expressed miRNAs were clustered and their target genes were analyzed. Selected miRNA and target mRNA genes were further verified by q-PCR. The expressions of target genes in cancer cells were detected by immunohistochemistry. Cancer cell apoptotic index was significantly increased after salidroside treatment. The proliferation of gastric cancer cells were blocked at S-phase cell cycle. The expression of 44 miRNAs changed differentially after salidroside treatment in cancer cells. Bioinformatic analysis showed that there were 1384 target mRNAs corresponding to the differentially expressed miRNAs. Surprisingly, salidroside significantly up-regulated the expression of tumor suppressor miR-1343-3p, and down-regulated the expression of MAP3K6, STAT3 and MMP24-related genes. Salidroside suppressed the growth of gastric cancer by inducing the cancer cell apoptosis, arresting the cancer cell cycle and down-regulating the related signal transduction pathways. miRNAs are expressed differentially in gastric cancer cells after salidroside treatment, playing important roles in regulating proliferation and metastasis. Salidroside may suppress the growth of gastric cancer by up-regulating the expression of the tumor suppressor miR-1343-3p and down-regulating the expression of MAP3K6 and MMP24 signal molecules.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos , MicroRNAs , Fenóis , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Proliferação de Células , Metaloproteinases da Matriz Associadas à Membrana , MicroRNAs/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130735, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471611

RESUMO

Drought is the stressor with a significant adverse impact on the yield stability of tea plants. HD-ZIP III transcription factors (TFs) play important regulatory roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. However, whether and how HD-ZIP III TFs are involved in drought response and tolerance in tea plants remains unclear. Here, we identified seven HD-ZIP III genes (CsHDZ3-1 to CsHDZ3-7) in tea plant genome. The evolutionary analysis demonstrated that CsHDZ3 members were subjected to purify selection. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that all seven CsHDZ3s located in the nucleus. Yeast self-activation and dual-luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that CsHDZ3-1 to CsHDZ3-4 have trans-activation ability whereas CsHDZ3-5 to CsHDZ3-7 served as transcriptional inhibitors. The qRT-PCR assay showed that all seven CsHDZ3 genes could respond to simulated natural drought stress and polyethylene glycol treatment. Further assays verified that all CsHDZ3 genes can be cleaved by csn-miR166. Overexpression of csn-miR166 inhibited the expression of seven CsHDZ3 genes and weakened drought tolerance of tea leaves. In contrast, suppression of csn-miR166 promoted the expression of seven CsHDZ3 genes and enhanced drought tolerance of tea leaves. These findings established the foundation for further understanding the mechanism of CsHDZ3-miR166 modules' participation in drought responses and tolerance.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Resistência à Seca , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Genoma de Planta , Chá/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1282575, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450135

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the spatiotemporal distribution of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the factors influencing this distribution in Jiangsu Province, China, from 2011 to 2020. Methods: The incidence of reported HCV in Jiangsu Province from 2011 to 2020 was obtained from the Chinese Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP). R and GeoDa software were used to visualize the spatiotemporal distribution and the spatial autocorrelation of HCV. A Bayesian spatiotemporal model was constructed to explore the spatiotemporal distribution of HCV in Jiangsu Province and to further analyze the factors related to HCV. Results: A total of 31,778 HCV patients were registered in Jiangsu Province. The registered incidence rate of HCV increased from 2.60/100,000 people in 2011 to 4.96/100,000 people in 2020, an increase of 190.77%. Moran's I ranged from 0.099 to 0.354 (P < 0.05) from 2011 to 2019, indicating a positive spatial correlation overall. The relative risk (RR) of the urbanization rate, the most important factor affecting the spread of HCV in Jiangsu Province, was 1.254 (95% confidence interval: 1.141-1.376), while other factors had no significance. Conclusion: The reported HCV incidence rate integrally increased in the whole Jiangsu Province, whereas the spatial aggregation of HCV incidence was gradually weakening. Our study highlighted the importance of health education for the floating population and reasonable allocation of medical resources in the future health work.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus , Hepatite C , Humanos , Teorema de Bayes , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Análise Espaço-Temporal
5.
Hepatol Commun ; 8(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HCC is a leading cause of cancer-related death. The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HCC remains elusive. Since a primary ROS source is the mitochondrial electron transport chain complex Ι and the NADH:ubiquinone Oxidoreductase Subunit B3 (NDUFB3), a complex I subunit, is critical for complex I assembly and regulates the associated ROS production, we hypothesize that some HCCs progress by hijacking NDUFB3 to maintain ROS homeostasis. METHODS: NDUFB3 in human HCC lines was either knocked down or overexpressed. The cells were then analyzed in vitro for proliferation, migration, invasiveness, colony formation, complex I activity, ROS production, oxygen consumption, apoptosis, and cell cycle. In addition, the in vivo growth of the cells was evaluated in nude mice. Moreover, the role of ROS in the NDUFB3-mediated changes in the HCC lines was determined using cellular and mitochondrion-targeted ROS scavengers. RESULTS: HCC tissues showed reduced NDUFB3 protein expression compared to adjacent healthy tissues. In addition, NDUFB3 knockdown promoted, while its overexpression suppressed, HCC cells' growth, migration, and invasiveness. Moreover, NDUFB3 knockdown significantly decreased, whereas its overexpression increased complex I activity. Further studies revealed that NDUFB3 overexpression elevated mitochondrial ROS production, causing cell apoptosis, as manifested by the enhanced expressions of proapoptotic molecules and the suppressed expression of the antiapoptotic molecule B cell lymphoma 2. Finally, our data demonstrated that the apoptosis was due to the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. CONCLUSIONS: Because ROS plays essential roles in many biological processes, such as aging and cancers, our findings suggest that NDFUB3 can be targeted for treating HCC and other human diseases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Camundongos Nus , NAD , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Ubiquinona , Homeostase , Oxirredutases
6.
Opt Lett ; 49(6): 1599-1602, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489460

RESUMO

A high-order Poincaré sphere (HOPS) can be used to describe high-order modes of waveguides and vector beams, since it generalizes the feature of spin and the orbital angular momentum of light. HOPS beams are such beams with polarization states on the HOPS, which have potential applications in optical manipulation and optical communication. In general, the intensity distribution of this kind of beam changes with the topological charge, which limits their practical applications. Based on the concept of perfect vortex beams (PVBs), perfect HOPS beams have been proposed to solve this problem. Here, a flexible and compact scheme based on all-dielectric metasurfaces for realizing and manipulating perfect HOPS beams at near-infrared wavelength was demonstrated. Geometric-phase-only manipulation was employed for simultaneously controlling the phase and polarization of the incident light. By varying the incident polarization, several selected polarization states on the HOPS could be realized by the proposed metasurface. Further, the single ultra-thin metasurface can also realize high quality multiplexing perfect HOPS beams that carry different topological charges. Finally, a cascaded metasurface system has been proposed for generating and manipulating multiple HOPS beams. This compact flat-optics-based scheme for perfect HOPS beam generation and manipulation demonstrated here can be used for on-chip optical manipulation and integrated optical communication in the future.

7.
Med Phys ; 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478966

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Deformable image registration (DIR) is a key enabling technology in many diagnostic and therapeutic tasks, but often does not meet the required robustness and accuracy for supporting clinical tasks. This is in large part due to a lack of high-quality benchmark datasets by which new DIR algorithms can be evaluated. Our team was supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering to develop DIR benchmark dataset libraries for multiple anatomical sites, comprising of large numbers of highly accurate landmark pairs on matching blood vessel bifurcations. Here we introduce our lung CT DIR benchmark dataset library, which was developed to improve upon the number and distribution of landmark pairs in current public lung CT benchmark datasets. ACQUISITION AND VALIDATION METHODS: Thirty CT image pairs were acquired from several publicly available repositories as well as authors' institution with IRB approval. The data processing workflow included multiple steps: (1) The images were denoised. (2) Lungs, airways, and blood vessels were automatically segmented. (3) Bifurcations were directly detected on the skeleton of the segmented vessel tree. (4) Falsely identified bifurcations were filtered out using manually defined rules. (5) A DIR was used to project landmarks detected on the first image onto the second image of the image pair to form landmark pairs. (6) Landmark pairs were manually verified. This workflow resulted in an average of 1262 landmark pairs per image pair. Estimates of the landmark pair target registration error (TRE) using digital phantoms were 0.4 mm ± 0.3 mm. DATA FORMAT AND USAGE NOTES: The data is published in Zenodo at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8200423. Instructions for use can be found at https://github.com/deshanyang/Lung-DIR-QA. POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS: The dataset library generated in this work is the largest of its kind to date and will provide researchers with a new and improved set of ground truth benchmarks for quantitatively validating DIR algorithms within the lung.

8.
Orthop J Sports Med ; 12(1): 23259671231221295, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304054

RESUMO

Background: Measuring anterior hip coverage on false-profile (FP) radiographs is important for judging anterior hip coverage. Conventionally, the anterior center-edge angle (ACEA) is measured from the anterior edge of the acetabular sourcil (sourcil ACEA); however, the anterior bone edge is also used as the anterior landmark. Purpose: To determine whether the sourcil ACEA or the bone-edge ACEA better represents the anterior coverage of the hip joint. Study Design: Descriptive laboratory study. Methods: We retrospectively observed 49 hips in 49 patients who underwent isolated periacetabular osteotomy. The sourcil ACEA was measured according to the standard procedure. Then, 3-dimensional (3D) volumetric models were made from computed tomographic data. The acetabular surface of the 3D model was labeled and projected onto a simulated FP radiograph, enabling the edge of the acetabulum to be identified. This simulated FP radiograph was used to measure the "true ACEA," as well as the sourcil ACEA and the bone-edge ACEA, and the 3 measurements were compared. Statistical analysis was performed-including testing for normal distribution, measuring interobserver agreement, evaluating differences between measurements, and validating correlation. Results: The mean sourcil ACEA was 8.6° (range, -3.9° to 31.7°) smaller than that of the true ACEA (P < .001); there was a strong correlation (r = 0.81; P < .001) between the 2. The mean bone-edge ACEA was 16.8° (range, -1.7° to 45.4°) greater than that of the true ACEA (P < .001); there was a moderate correlation (r = 0.57; P < 0.001) between the 2. Conclusion: Both the sourcil ACEA and bone-edge ACEA differed from the true ACEA. However, compared with the bone-edge ACEA, the sourcil ACEA was numerically closer to the true ACEA and had a stronger correlation with it . Clinical Relevance: While the exact edge of the true bearing surface of the articular cartilage may not be visible on the FP radiograph, the sourcil ACEA can be effectively utilized as a reliable surrogate when evaluating the anterior acetabular coverage in hip preservation surgery.

9.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385878

RESUMO

Structural Variants (SVs) are a crucial type of genetic variant that can significantly impact phenotypes. Therefore, the identification of SVs is an essential part of modern genomic analysis. In this article, we present kled, an ultra-fast and sensitive SV caller for long-read sequencing data given the specially designed approach with a novel signature-merging algorithm, custom refinement strategies and a high-performance program structure. The evaluation results demonstrate that kled can achieve optimal SV calling compared to several state-of-the-art methods on simulated and real long-read data for different platforms and sequencing depths. Furthermore, kled excels at rapid SV calling and can efficiently utilize multiple Central Processing Unit (CPU) cores while maintaining low memory usage. The source code for kled can be obtained from https://github.com/CoREse/kled.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Genômica , Fenótipo , Software
10.
Biology (Basel) ; 13(2)2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392324

RESUMO

mRNA injection-based protein supplementation has emerged as a feasible treatment for Fabry disease. However, whether the introduction of LNP-encapsulated mRNA results in the alteration of metabolomics in an in vivo system remains largely unknown. In the present study, α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) mRNA was generated and injected into the Fabry disease mouse model. The α-Gal A protein was successfully expressed. The level of globotriaosylsphingosine (Lyso-Gb3), a biomarker for Fabry disease, as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines such as nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), were greatly decreased compared to the untreated control, indicating the therapeutic outcome of the mRNA drug. Metabolomics analysis found that the level of 20 metabolites was significantly altered in the plasma of mRNA-injected mice. These compounds are primarily enriched in the arachidonic acid metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis pathways. Arachidonic acid and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), both of which are important components in the eicosanoid pathway and related to inflammation response, were significantly increased in the injected mice, possibly due to the presence of lipid nanoparticles. Moreover, mRNA can effectively alter the level of metabolites in the amino acid and energy metabolic pathways that are commonly found to be suppressed in Fabry disease. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that in addition to supplementing the deficient α-Gal A protein, the mRNA-based therapeutic agent can also affect levels of metabolites that may help in the recovery of metabolic homeostasis in the full body system.

11.
Drug Dev Res ; 85(1): e22142, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349266

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is a highly differentiated and poorly malignant tumor. Interfering with glycolysis has become an effective means of controlling cancer progression and autophagy is negatively correlated with glycolysis. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3 (AKR1C3) has been demonstrated to be highly expressed in thyroid cancer tissue and the higher AKR1C3 expression predicted the worse prognosis. We aimed to explore whether AKR1C3 could affect thyroid cancer progression by regulating autophagy-dependent glycolysis. AKR1C3 expression in thyroid cancer cells was detected by western blot. Then, AKR1C3 was knocked down by transfection with short hairpin RNA specific to AKR1C3 in the absence or presence of 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or PMA treatment. Cell cycle and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Immunofluorescence staining was used to analyze LC3B expression. Extracellular acidification, glucose uptake and lactic acid secretion were detected. To evaluate the tumorigenicity of AKR1C3 insufficiency on thyroid cancer in vivo, TPC-1 cells with AKR1C3 knockdown were injected subcutaneously into nude mice. Then, cyclinD1 and Ki67 expression in tumorous tissues was measured by immunohistochemical analysis. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling staining. Additionally, the expression of proteins related to cell cycle, apoptosis, glycolysis, autophagy, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling in cells and tumor tissues was assessed by western blot. Highly expressed AKR1C3 was observed in thyroid cancer cells. AKR1C3 knockdown induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of TPC-1 cells. Besides, autophagy was activated and glycolysis was inhibited following AKR1C3 silencing, and 3-MA treatment restored the impacts of AKR1C3 silencing on glycolysis. The further experiments revealed that AKR1C3 insufficiency inhibited ERK signaling and PMA application reversed AKR1C3 silencing-induced autophagy in TPC-1 cells. The in vivo results suggested that AKR1C3 knockdown inhibited the development of subcutaneous TPC-1 tumors in nude mice and inactivated the ERK signaling. Collectively, AKR1C3 silencing inhibited autophagy-dependent glycolysis in thyroid cancer by inactivating ERK signaling.


Assuntos
MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Animais , Camundongos , Membro C3 da Família 1 de alfa-Ceto Redutase , Autofagia , Glicólise , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Humanos
12.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 17: 665-678, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38404926

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the relations among personality traits, sports commitment, and exercise behavior of Chinese college students. To test whether sports commitment plays an intermediary role in the process of personality traits affecting exercise behavior. To explore the factors that affect Chinese college students' exercise behavior from the psychological level, to promote college students to actively participate in physical exercise. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on 1200 students from 6 universities using the "Personality Trait Scale", "Sports Commitment Scale" and "Exercise Behavior Scale". SPSS was used to analyze the differences between genders and urban and rural areas; and correlation analysis was conducted on the personality traits, sports commitment, and exercise behaviors of college students. Finally, AMOS was used to establish a structural equation model to test the mediating role of sports commitment. Results: There are significant differences between different genders in each factor of personality traits (P<0.05); there is no significant difference between different genders in the participation opportunities of sports commitment (P=0.734), and there are significant differences in other factors. There were significant differences in each factor of exercise behavior (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in personality traits, sports commitment, and exercise behavior between urban and rural students (P> 0.05). There was a significant correlation among personality traits, sports commitment, and exercise behavior (P < 0.01). The direct effect of personality traits on exercise behavior was not significant (P > 0.05), but there was only the mediating effect of sports commitment. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation among Chinese college students' personality traits, sports commitment, and exercise behavior. Sports commitment plays an intermediary role between personality traits and sports commitment. Improving the level of sports commitment can encourage Chinese college students to participate in physical exercise.

13.
Toxics ; 12(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393218

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RSV), a polyphenol, is known to have a wide range of pharmacological properties in vitro. RSV may have therapeutic value for various neurodegenerative diseases via neuroprotective effects. However, it is not yet clear whether RSV can induce intestinal-brain interactions. It is assumed that the intestinal cells may secrete some factors after being stimulated by other substances. These secreted factors may activate nerve cells through gut-brain interaction, such as exosomes. In this study, it was discovered that Caco-2 cells treated with RSV secrete exosomes to activate SH-SY5Y neuronal cells. The results showed that secreted factors from RSV-treated Caco-2 cells activated SH-SY5Y. The exosomes of RSV-treated Caco-2 cells activated SH-SY5Y cells, which was manifested in the lengthening of the nerve filaments of SH-SY5Y cells. The exosomes were characterized using transmission electron microscopy and sequenced using the Illumina NovaSeq 6000 sequencer. The results showed that the miRNA expression profile of exosomes after RSV treatment changed, and twenty-six kinds of miRNAs were identified which expressed differentially between the control group and the RSV-treated group. Among them, three miRNAs were selected as candidate genes for inducing SH-SY5Y neural cell activation. Three miRNA mimics could activate SH-SY5Y neurons. These results suggested that the miRNA in intestinal exocrine cells treated with RSV may play an important role in the activation of SH-SY5Y neurons.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396823

RESUMO

Aspirin eugenol ester (AEE) is a novel medicinal compound synthesized by esterifying aspirin with eugenol using the pro-drug principle. Pharmacological and pharmacodynamic experiments showed that AEE had excellent thromboprophylaxis and inhibition of platelet aggregation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of AEE on the liver of thrombosed rats to reveal its mechanism of thromboprophylaxis. Therefore, a multi-omics approach was used to analyze the liver. Transcriptome results showed 132 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the AEE group compared to the model group. Proteome results showed that 159 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in the AEE group compared to the model group. Six proteins including fibrinogen alpha chain (Fga), fibrinogen gamma chain (Fgg), fibrinogen beta chain (Fgb), orosomucoid 1 (Orm1), hemopexin (Hpx), and kininogen-2 (Kng2) were selected for parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) analysis. The results showed that the expression of all six proteins was upregulated in the model group compared with the control group. In turn, AEE reversed the upregulation trend of these proteins to some degree. Metabolome results showed that 17 metabolites were upregulated and 38 were downregulated in the model group compared to the control group. AEE could reverse the expression of these metabolites to some degree and make them back to normal levels. The metabolites were mainly involved in metabolic pathways, including linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Comprehensive analyses showed that AEE could prevent thrombosis by inhibiting platelet activation, decreasing inflammation, and regulating amino acid and energy metabolism. In conclusion, AEE can have a positive effect on thrombosis-related diseases.


Assuntos
Aspirina/análogos & derivados , Eugenol/análogos & derivados , Trombose , Tromboembolia Venosa , Ratos , Animais , Eugenol/farmacologia , Eugenol/uso terapêutico , Eugenol/metabolismo , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Multiômica , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Trombose/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Orosomucoide/metabolismo
15.
J Virol ; 98(3): e0018224, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411947

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) results in PED, which is an infectious intestinal disease with the representative features of diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration. PEDV infects neonatal piglets, causing high mortality rates. Therefore, elucidating the interaction between the virus and host in preventing and controlling PEDV infection is of immense significance. We found a new antiviral function of the host protein, RNA-binding motif protein 14 (RBM14), which can inhibit PEDV replication via the activation of autophagy and interferon (IFN) signal pathways. We found that RBM14 can recruit cargo receptor p62 to degrade PEDV nucleocapsid (N) protein through the RBM14-p62-autophagosome pathway. Furthermore, RBM14 can also improve the antiviral ability of the hosts through interacting with mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein to induce IFN expression. These results highlight the novel mechanism underlying RBM14-induced viral restriction. This mechanism leads to the degradation of viral N protein via the autophagy pathway and upregulates IFN for inhibiting PEDV replication; thus, offering new ways for preventing and controlling PED.IMPORTANCEPorcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a vital reason for diarrhea in neonatal piglets, which causes high morbidity and mortality rates. There is currently no effective vaccine or drug to treat and prevent infection with the PEDV. During virus infection, the host inhibits virus replication through various antiviral factors, and at the same time, the virus antagonizes the host's antiviral reaction through its own encoded protein, thus completing the process of virus replication. Our study has revealed that the expression of RNA-binding motif protein 14 (RBM14) was downregulated in PEDV infection. We found that RBM14 can recruit cargo receptor p62 to degrade PEDV N protein via the RBM14-p62-autophagosome pathway and interacted with mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein and TRAF3 to activate the interferon signal pathway, resulting in the inhibition of PEDV replication.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Interferons , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Autofagia , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Diarreia/veterinária , Interferons/metabolismo , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/fisiologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/imunologia , Doenças dos Suínos/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
16.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; 115(1): e22082, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288492

RESUMO

Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) is one of the most important pathogens of silkworm. It mainly infects midgut cells of silkworm and causes losses to the sericulture industry. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play an important role in the regulation of antiviral immune response in silkworm. To explore whether lncRNAs are involved in BmBDV infection and immune response of silkworm, we performed a comparative transcriptome analysis to identify the lncRNAs and mRNAs between the BmBDV infected and noninfected silkworm larvae at the early stage. A total of 16,069 genes and 974 candidate lncRNAs were identified, among which 142 messenger RNA (mRNAs) and four lncRNAs were differentially expressed (DE). Target gene prediction revealed that 142 DEmRNAs were coexpressed with four DElncRNAs, suggesting that the expression of mRNA is mainly affected through trans-regulation activities. A regulatory network of DElncRNAs and DEmRNAs was constructed, showing that many genes targeted by different DElncRNAs are involved in metabolism and immunity, which implies that these genes and lncRNAs play an important role in the replication of BmBDV. Our results will help us to improve our understanding of lncRNA-mediated regulatory roles in BmBDV infection, providing a new perspective for further exploring the interaction between host and BmBDV.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Vírus de Insetos , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Vírus de Insetos/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
17.
Nanoscale ; 16(2): 903-912, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38108145

RESUMO

Nanomedicines based on ferroptosis may be effective strategies for cancer therapy due to their unique inducing mechanism. However, the challenges, including non-target distribution, poor accumulation and retention of nanomedicine, have a profound impact on the effectiveness of drug delivery. Here, we developed cancer cell membrane (CCM)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) modified with supramolecular precursors and loaded with sulfasalazine (SAS) for breast cancer therapy. Benefiting from the coating of the CCM, these NPs can be specifically recognized and internalized by tumor cells rapidly after being administered and form aggregates via the host-guest interaction between adamantane (ADA) and cyclodextrins (CD), which in turn effectively reduces the exocytosis of tumor cells and prolongs the retention time. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that Fe3O4 NPs possessed effective cellular uptake and precise specific accumulation in tumor cells and tissues through CCM-targeted supramolecular in situ aggregation, demonstrating enhanced ferroptosis-inducing therapy of breast cancer. Overall, this work provided a supramolecular biomimetic platform to achieve targeted delivery of Fe3O4 NPs with high efficiency and precise self-assembly for improved cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ferroptose , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Biomimética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
18.
JBJS Case Connect ; 13(4)2023 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38096340

RESUMO

CASE: We present a 28-year-old female patient who developed left hip pain and was diagnosed with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ARCO stage II). The patient underwent a basicervical femoral neck rotational osteotomy (BFNRO) combining surgical hip dislocation technique and extended retinacular soft-tissue flap technique. She was followed up for 53 months and exhibited complete repair of the necrotic area, with normal hip range of motion, gait, and excellent hip functional scores. CONCLUSION: The BFNRO procedure, by rotating the necrotic area of the femoral head out of the weight-bearing zone, has the potential to achieve complete repair of the necrotic area.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Cabeça do Fêmur , Osteotomia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fêmur/patologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/etiologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Colo do Fêmur , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(24)2023 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38139262

RESUMO

Intestinal inflammation is a complex and recurrent inflammatory disease. Pharmacological and pharmacodynamic experiments showed that aspirin eugenol ester (AEE) has good anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects. However, the role of AEE in regulating intestinal inflammation has not been explored. This study aimed to investigate whether AEE could have a protective effect on LPS-induced intestinal inflammation and thus help to alleviate the damage to the intestinal barrier. This was assessed with an inflammation model in Caco-2 cells and in rats induced with LPS. The expression of inflammatory mediators, intestinal epithelial barrier-related proteins, and redox-related signals was analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, and RT-qPCR. Intestinal damage was assessed by histopathological examination. Changes in rat gut microbiota and their functions were detected by the gut microbial metagenome. AEE significantly reduced LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels (p < 0.05) and oxidative stress levels in Caco-2 cells and rats. Compared with the LPS group, AEE could increase the relative expression of Occludin, Claudin-1, and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and decrease the relative expression of kappa-B (NF-κB) and matrix metalloproteinase-9. AEE could significantly improve weight loss, diarrhea, reduced intestinal muscle thickness, and intestinal villi damage in rats. Metagenome results showed that AEE could regulate the homeostasis of the gut flora and alter the relative abundance of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes. Flora enrichment analysis indicated that the regulation of gut flora with AEE may be related to the regulation of glucose metabolism and energy metabolism. AEE could have positive effects on intestinal inflammation-related diseases.


Assuntos
Enteropatias , Lipopolissacarídeos , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células CACO-2 , Aspirina/farmacologia , Aspirina/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Eugenol/farmacologia , Eugenol/metabolismo , Enteropatias/metabolismo
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(24)2023 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38139585

RESUMO

Poor visibility has a significant impact on road safety and can even lead to traffic accidents. The traditional means of visibility monitoring no longer meet the current needs in terms of temporal and spatial accuracy. In this work, we propose a novel deep network architecture for estimating the visibility directly from highway surveillance images. Specifically, we employ several image feature extraction methods to extract detailed structural, spectral, and scene depth features from the images. Next, we design a multi-scale fusion network to adaptively extract and fuse vital features for the purpose of estimating visibility. Furthermore, we create a real-scene dataset for model learning and performance evaluation. Our experiments demonstrate the superiority of our proposed method to the existing methods.

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