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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1307: 342619, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The micro gas chromatography column (µGCC) is one of the key components of the miniaturized gas chromatography system. However, light alkanes are difficult to be separated by a micro gas chromatography column, especially for methane and ethane, because the length of µGCC is limited by the area of a silicon substrate. More importantly, the heterogeneous microchannel surface formed by silicon glass bonding causes uneven stationary phase coating and the forces between the untreated microchannel surfaces and the stationary phase materials are weak, which will prevent the improvement of separation performance. RESULTS: In this paper, a micro gas chromatography column (µGCC) with uniform HKUST-1 stationary phase is reported. Significantly, an alumina film prepared by the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique is used to homogenize the heterogeneous microchannels. The alumina is a hydrophilic material and the alumina made by the ALD technique is uniform. The forces between hydrophilic alumina film and HKUST-1 are strong, which can greatly improve the coating uniformity of the hydrophilic stationary phase HKUST-1. The test results show that the µGCC could baseline separate the light alkane mixtures (CH4, C2H6, C3H8, and C4H10) at the high testing temperature of 120 °C. The maximum resolution of the difficult-separated methane and ethane reached 19.2, which is 108 % higher than the µGCC using the same stationary phase without homogenizing the microchannel inner surface. SIGNIFICANCE: The µGCC uses ALD alumina film to homogenize the microchannel inner surface; meanwhile, hydrophilic ALD alumina has a strong electrostatic attraction with the hydrophilic stationary phase HKUST-1. Homogeneous microchannel surface and strong electrostatic attraction are favorable to obtain uniform stationary phase which greatly improves the separation performance, resulting in a large resolution for methane and ethane. The µGCC has broad application prospects in light alkane separation.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712573

RESUMO

Plasma treatment as an effective strategy can simultaneously achieve surface modification and heteroatom doping. Here, an N/P-doped NiFeV oxide nanosheet catalyst (N/P-NiFeVO) constructed by Ar/PH3 plasma treatment is used to drive the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The introduction of V species leads to the formation of an ultrathin ordered nanostructure and exposure of more active sites. Compared to the 2D NiFeV LDH, the prepared N/P-NiFeVO by plasma treatment possesses multiple-valence Fe, V and Ni species, which regulate the intrinsic electronic structure and enable a superior catalytic activity for the OER in alkaline media. Specifically, the N/P-NiFeVO only require an overpotential of 273 mV to drive the current density of 100 mA cm-2. What's more, the electrode can maintain a stable current density in a long-term oxygen evolution reaction (∼120 h) under alkaline conditions. This work provides new insight for the rational design of mixed metal oxides for OER electrocatalysts.

3.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papulopustular rosacea (PPR) is a chronic inflammatory disease with a significant impact on facial aesthetics. An impaired skin barrier is an important factor in the development and exacerbation of PPR. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has immune regulatory and anti-inflammatory effects, inhibits angiogenesis and endothelial hyperplasia, and promotes skin barrier repair. AIMS: We investigated the efficacy and safety of oral TXA for PPR treatment. PATIENTS/METHODS: In total, 70 patients were randomly assigned to receive traditional therapy plus oral TXA or traditional therapy alone for 8 weeks, with a 4-week follow-up period. The subjective improvement in rosacea was assessed using the clinical erythema assessment (CEA), investigator's global assessment (IGA), patient self-assessment (PSA) score, rosacea-specific quality of life (RQoL) score, and global aesthetic improvement score (GAIS). An objective improvement in rosacea was assessed using skin hydration, trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), clinical photography, and an eight spectrum facial imager. RESULTS: CEA/IGA/PSA, dryness, and RQoL scores were significantly lower and GAIS was higher in the TXA group than in the traditional therapy group. Furthermore, oral TXA significantly improved skin barrier function, increased skin hydration, and decreased TEWL, with no significant side effects. Notably, we observed better outcomes and a greater improvement in skin barrier function with TXA treatment in patients with dry-type rosacea than in patients with oily skin. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of oral TXA to traditional therapy can lead to rapid and effective improvements in PPR, which may be attributed to improvements in skin barrier function.

4.
Gut ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The remodelling of gut mycobiome (ie, fungi) during pregnancy and its potential influence on host metabolism and pregnancy health remains largely unexplored. Here, we aim to examine the characteristics of gut fungi in pregnant women, and reveal the associations between gut mycobiome, host metabolome and pregnancy health. DESIGN: Based on a prospective birth cohort in central China (2017 to 2020): Tongji-Huaxi-Shuangliu Birth Cohort, we included 4800 participants who had available ITS2 sequencing data, dietary information and clinical records during their pregnancy. Additionally, we established a subcohort of 1059 participants, which included 514 women who gave birth to preterm, low birthweight or macrosomia infants, as well as 545 randomly selected controls. In this subcohort, a total of 750, 748 and 709 participants had ITS2 sequencing data, 16S sequencing data and serum metabolome data available, respectively, across all trimesters. RESULTS: The composition of gut fungi changes dramatically from early to late pregnancy, exhibiting a greater degree of variability and individuality compared with changes observed in gut bacteria. The multiomics data provide a landscape of the networks among gut mycobiome, biological functionality, serum metabolites and pregnancy health, pinpointing the link between Mucor and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The prepregnancy overweight status is a key factor influencing both gut mycobiome compositional alteration and the pattern of metabolic remodelling during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: This study provides a landscape of gut mycobiome dynamics during pregnancy and its relationship with host metabolism and pregnancy health, which lays the foundation of the future gut mycobiome investigation for healthy pregnancy.

5.
Chemosphere ; 358: 142225, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705415

RESUMO

Short-chain and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs and MCCPs) have garnered significant attention because they have persistence and potential toxicity, and can undergo long-distance transport. Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) inhaled in the size-fractionated particulate phase and gas phase can carry different risks to human health due to their ability to accumulate in different regions of the respiratory tract and exhibit varying deposition efficiencies. In our study, large-volume ambient air samples in both the size-fractionated particulate phase (Dp < 1.0 µm, 1.0-2.5 µm, 2.5-10 µm, and Dp ≥ 10 µm) and gas phase were collected simultaneously in Beijing using an active sampler. The overall levels of SCCPs and MCCPs were relatively high, the ranges being 57-881 and 30-385 ng/m3, respectively. SCCPs tended to be partitioned in the gas phase (on average 75% of the ΣSCCP concentration), while MCCPs tended to be partitioned in the particulate phase (on average 62% of the ΣMCCP concentration). Significant correlations were discovered between the logarithm-transformed gas-particle partition coefficients (KP) and predicted subcooled vapor pressures (PL0) (p < 0.01 for SCCPs and MCCPs) and between the logarithm-transformed KP values and octanol-air partition coefficients (KOA) (p < 0.01 for SCCPs and MCCPs). Thus, the slopes indicated that organic matter absorption was the dominant process involved in gas-particle partitioning. We used the ICRP model to calculate deposition concentrations for particulate-associated CPs in head airways region (15.6-71.4 ng/m³), tracheobronchial region (0.8-4.8 ng/m³), and alveolar region (5.1-21.9 ng/m³), then combined these concentrations with the CP concentrations in the gas phase to calculate estimated daily intakes (EDIs) for inhalation. The EDIs for SCCPs and MCCPs through inhalation of ambient air for the all-ages group were 67.5-184.2 ng/kg/day and 19.7-53.7 ng/kg/day, respectively. The results indicated that SCCPs and MCCPs in ambient air do not currently pose strong risks to human health in the study area.

6.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1285280, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699642

RESUMO

Background: Front-line therapy with an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is the standard of care for treating patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC with the common sensitizing EGFR exon 19 deletion and exon 21 L858R point mutations. However, EGFR TKI resistance inevitably develops. The optimal subsequent therapy remains to be identified, although platinum-containing chemotherapy regimens are often administered. Our objectives were to describe baseline characteristics, survival, and subsequent treatment patterns for patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC with EGFR exon 19 deletion or L858R mutation who received a platinum-based combination regimen after front-line EGFR TKI therapy. Methods: This retrospective study used a nationwide electronic health record-derived deidentified database to select adult patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC, evidence of EGFR exon 19 deletion or L858R mutation, and ECOG performance status of 0-2 who initiated platinum-containing chemotherapy, with or without concomitant immunotherapy, from 1-January-2011 to 30-June-2020 following receipt of any EGFR TKI as first-line therapy or, alternatively, a first- or second-generation EGFR TKI (erlotinib, afatinib, gefitinib, dacomitinib) as first-line therapy followed by the third-generation EGFR TKI osimertinib as second-line therapy. Data cut-off was 30-June-2022. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate overall survival (OS) after initiation of pemetrexed-platinum (n=119) or any platinum-based combination regimen (platinum cohort; n=311). Results: The two cohorts included two-thirds women (65%-66%) and 57%-58% nonsmokers; median ages were 66 and 65 years in pemetrexed-platinum and platinum cohorts, respectively. Median OS was 10.3 months (95% CI, 8.1-13.9) from pemetrexed-platinum initiation and 12.4 months (95% CI, 10.2-15.2) from platinum initiation; 12-month survival rates were 48% and 51%, respectively; 260 patients (84%) had died by the end of the study. Conclusion: The suboptimal survival outcomes recorded in this study demonstrate the unmet need to identify more effective subsequent treatment regimens for patients with EGFR-mutated advanced nonsquamous NSCLC after EGFR TKI resistance develops.

7.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1361527, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699645

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate whether age at first sexual intercourse could lead to any changes in the risk of oral cavity cancer. Methods: A two-sample mendelian randomization was conducted using genetic variants associated with age at first sexual intercourse in UK biobank as instrumental variables. Summary data of Northern American from a previous genome-wide association study aimed at oral cavity cancer was served as outcome. Three analytical methods: inverse variance-weighted, mendelian randomization Egger, and weighted median were used to perform the analysis, among which inverse variance-weighted was set as the primary method. Robustness of the results was assessed through Cochran Q test, mendelian randomization Egger intercept tests, MR PRESSO, leave one out analysis and funnel plot. Results: The primary analysis provided substantial evidence of a positive causal relationship age at first sexual intercourse and the risk of oral cavity cancer (p = 0.0002), while a delayed age at first sexual intercourse would lead to a decreased risk of suffering oral cavity cancer (ß = -1.013). The secondary outcomes confirmed the results (all ß < 0) and all assessments supported the robustness, too (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: The study demonstrates that a delayed sexual debut would provide protection against OCC, thus education on delaying sexual intercourse should be recommended.

10.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142271, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734248

RESUMO

Acinetobacter sp. AL-6 combining with biochar was adapted in activated sludge (AS & co-system) to decontaminate Mn2+, Fe2+ and NH4+-N, and treat activated sludge (AS) for its activity and settling performance improvement. Specifically, the co-system promoted the growth of bacteria in the activated sludge, thus increasing its ability to nitrify and adsorb Mn2+ and Fe2+, resulting in the removal of high concentrations of NH4+-N, Mn2+, Fe2+ and COD in the reactor by 100%, 100%, 100%, and 96.8%, respectively. And the pH of wastewater was increased from 4 to 8.5 by co-system also facilitated the precipitation of Mn2+ and Fe2+. The MLVSS/MLSS ratio increased from 0.64 to 0.95 and SVI30 decreased from 92.54 to 1.54 after the addition of co-system, which indicated that biochar helped to improve the activity and settling performance of activated sludge and prevented it from being damaged by the compound Mn2+ and Fe2+. In addition, biochar promoted the increase of the tyrosine-like protein substance and humic acid-like organic matter in the sludge EPS, thus enhanced the ability of sludge to adsorb Mn2+ and Fe2+. Concretely, compared with AS group, the proteins content and polysaccharides content of the AS & co-system group were increased by 13.14 times and 6.30 times respectively. Further, microbial diversity analysis showed that more resistant bacteria and dominant bacteria Acinetobacter sp. AL-6 in sludge enhanced the nitrification and adsorption of manganese and iron under the promotion of biochar. Pre-eminently, the more effective AS & co-system were applied to the removal of actual electrolytic manganese slag leachate taken from the contaminated site, and the removal of NH4+-N, Mn2+, Fe2+ and COD remained high at 100%, 100%, 71.82% and 94.72%, respectively, revealing advanced value for high engineering applications of AS & co-system.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(19): 8380-8392, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691504

RESUMO

A comprehensive understanding of the full volatility spectrum of organic oxidation products from the benzene series precursors is important to quantify the air quality and climate effects of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and new particle formation (NPF). However, current models fail to capture the full volatility spectrum due to the absence of important reaction pathways. Here, we develop a novel unified model framework, the integrated two-dimensional volatility basis set (I2D-VBS), to simulate the full volatility spectrum of products from benzene series precursors by simultaneously representing first-generational oxidation, multigenerational aging, autoxidation, dimerization, nitrate formation, etc. The model successfully reproduces the volatility and O/C distributions of oxygenated organic molecules (OOMs) as well as the concentrations and the O/C of SOA over wide-ranging experimental conditions. In typical urban environments, autoxidation and multigenerational oxidation are the two main pathways for the formation of OOMs and SOA with similar contributions, but autoxidation contributes more to low-volatility products. NOx can reduce about two-thirds of OOMs and SOA, and most of the extremely low-volatility products compared to clean conditions, by suppressing dimerization and autoxidation. The I2D-VBS facilitates a holistic understanding of full volatility product formation, which helps fill the large gap in the predictions of organic NPF, particle growth, and SOA formation.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Benzeno/química , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Oxirredução , Aerossóis , Volatilização , Poluentes Atmosféricos , Modelos Teóricos
12.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731548

RESUMO

In order to study the synergistic effects of exogenous catalysts and in situ minerals in the reservoir during heavy oil aquathermolysis, in this paper, a series of simple supported transition metal complexes were prepared using sodium citrate, chloride salts and bentonite, and their catalytic viscosity reduction performances for heavy oil were investigated. Bentonite complex catalyst marked as B@Zn(II)L appears to be the most effective complex. B@Zn(II)L was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. Under optimized conditions, the viscosity of the heavy oil was decreased by 88.3%. The reaction temperature was reduced by about 70 °C compared with the traditional reaction. The results of the group composition analysis and the elemental content of the heavy oil indicate that the resin and asphaltene content decreases, and the saturated and aromatic HC content increases. The results of TGA and DSC of the heavy oil show that the macromolecular substances in the heavy oil were cracked into small molecules with low boiling points by the reaction. GC-MS examination of water-soluble polar compounds post-reaction indicates that B@Zn(II)L can diminish the quantity of polar substances in heavy oil and lower the aromatic nature of these compounds. Thiophene and quinoline were utilized as model compounds to investigate the reaction mechanism. GC-MS analysis revealed that C-C, C-N and C-S bonds were cleaved during the reaction, leading to a decrease in the viscosity of heavy oil.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(11): 1980-1989, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This case report presents the rare occurrence of hematochezia due to an internal iliac artery aneurysm leading to an arterioenteric fistula, expanding the differential diagnosis for gastrointestinal bleeding. It emphasizes the importance of considering vascular origins in cases of atypical hematochezia, particularly in the absence of common gastrointestinal causes, and highlights the role of imaging and multidisciplinary management in diagnosing and treating such unusual presentations. CASE SUMMARY: A 75-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with 12 d of hematochezia, experiencing bloody stools 7-8 times per day. Initial computed tomography (CT) scans revealed an aneurysmal rupture near the right internal iliac artery with suspected hematoma development. Hemoglobin levels progressively decreased to 7 g/dL. Emergency arterial angiography and iliac artery-covered stent placement were performed, followed by balloon angioplasty. Despite initial stabilization, minor rectal bleeding and abdominal pain persisted, leading to further diagnostic colonoscopy. This identified a neoplasm and potential perforation at the proximal rectum. An exploratory laparotomy confirmed the presence of a hematoma and an aneurysm invading the rectal wall, necessitating partial rectal resection, intestinal anastomosis, and ileostomy. Postoperative recovery was successful, with no further bleeding incidents and normal follow-up CT and colonoscopy results after six months. CONCLUSION: In cases of unusual gastrointestinal bleeding, it is necessary to consider vascular causes for effective diagnosis and intervention.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664245

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate whether bergapten (BG), a furanocoumarin phytohormone, holds promise for Crohn's disease (CD)-like colitis treatment and to preliminarily explore its potential mechanisms. 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesufonic acid (TNBS)-treated mice were applied to establish an in vivo research model, and BG was administered with different concentrations. The status of mice in each group was evaluated by disease activity index (DAI), and the severity was evaluated by pathological sections. The intestinal barrier was assessed by measuring in vivo intestinal permeability, peripheral blood intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) levels, epithelial resistance values, and tight junction protein levels. Markers were then used to assess Th17/Treg levels, mitophagy, and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ/ nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. BG significantly reduced colon tissue damage in a concentration-dependent manner. DAI scores showed that the loose feces, occult blood, and weight loss of mice in the BG treatment were significantly reduced, and pathological section results revealed reduced inflammatory infiltration and fibrosis. Reduced serum FITC-dextran and I-FABP and increased levels of epithelial resistance and tight junction proteins support that the intestinal barrier was protected upon BG. The proportion of Th17 in mesenteric lymph nodes increased while Treg decreased in the model group. BG treatment effectively reduced the conversion of Treg to Th17. Additionally, BG was found to enhance mitophagy and activate the PPARγ/NF-κB signaling. BG demonstrates promising effects in ameliorating intestinal barrier damage and Th17/Treg imbalance in a murine model of CD-like colitis, while also promoting intracellular mitophagy. The PPARγ/NF-κB signaling pathway may serve as a key mediator of BG's regulatory mechanisms.

15.
Eco Environ Health ; 3(2): 174-182, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638171

RESUMO

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a prevalent air pollutant in urban areas, originating from outdoor sources, household gas consumption, and secondhand smoke. The limited evaluation of the disease burden attributable to NO2, encompassing different health effects and contributions from various sources, impedes our understanding from a public health perspective. Based on modeled NO2 exposure concentrations, their exposure-response relationships with lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus, and baseline disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), we estimated that 1,675 (655-2,624) thousand DALYs were attributable to NO2 in urban China in 2019 [138 (54-216) billion Chinese yuan (CNY) economic losses]. The transition from gas to electricity for household cooking was estimated to reduce the attributable economic losses by 35%. This reduction falls within the range of reductions achieved when outdoor air meets the World Health Organization interim target 3 and air quality guidelines for annual NO2, highlighting the significance of raising awareness of gas as a polluting household energy for cooking. These findings align with global sustainable development initiatives, providing a sustainable solution to promote public health while potentially mitigating climate change.

16.
Brain Circ ; 10(1): 67-76, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Through three neurocritical care unit (NCCU) surveys in China, we tried to understand the development status of neurocritical care and clarify its future development. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey method and self-report questionnaires, the number and quality of NCCUs were investigated through three steps: administering the questionnaire, sorting the survey data, and analyzing the survey data. RESULTS: At the second and third surveys, the number of NCCUs (76/112/206) increased by 47% and 84%, respectively. The NCCUs were located in tertiary grade A hospitals or teaching hospitals (65/100/181) in most provinces (24/28/29). The numbers of full-time doctors (359/668/1337) and full-time nurses (904/1623/207) in the NCCUs increased, but the doctor-bed ratio and nurse-bed ratio were still insufficient (0.4:1 and 1.3:1). CONCLUSION: In the past 20 years, the growth rate of NCCUs in China has accelerated, while the allocation of medical staff has been insufficient. Although most NCCU hospital bed facilities and instruments and equipment tend to be adequate, there are obvious defects in some aspects of NCCUs.

17.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 81, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658978

RESUMO

The Neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase (NTRK) family plays important roles in tumor progression and is involved in tumor immunogenicity. Here, we conducted a comprehensive bioinformatic and clinical analysis to investigate the characteristics of NTRK mutations and their association with the outcomes in pan-cancer immunotherapy. In 3888 patients across 12 cancer types, patients with NTRK-mutant tumors showed more benefit from immunotherapy in terms of objective response rate (ORR; 41.7% vs. 27.5%; P < 0.001), progress-free survival (PFS; HR = 0.80; 95% CI, 0.68-0.96; P = 0.01), and overall survival (OS; HR = 0.71; 95% CI, 0.61-0.82; P < 0.001). We further constructed and validated a nomogram to estimate survival probabilities after the initiation of immunotherapy. Multi-omics analysis on intrinsic and extrinsic immune landscapes indicated that NTRK mutation was associated with enhanced tumor immunogenicity, enriched infiltration of immune cells, and improved immune responses. In summary, NTRK mutation may promote cancer immunity and indicate favorable outcomes in immunotherapy. Our results have implications for treatment decision-making and developing immunotherapy for personalized care.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Mutação , Neoplasias , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Nomogramas , Biologia Computacional/métodos
18.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(3): 1290-1313, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617504

RESUMO

Background: Chromatin regulators (CRs) are implicated in the development of cancer, but a comprehensive investigation of their role in colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is inadequate. The purpose of this study is to find CRs that can provide recommendations for clinical diagnosis and treatment, and to explore the reasons why they serve as critical CRs. Methods: We obtained data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) screened tumor-associated CRs. LASSO-Cox regression was used to construct the model and to screen key CRs together with support vector machine (SVM), the univariate Cox regression. We used single-cell data to explore the expression of CRs in cells and their communication. Immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, mutation, methylation, and drug sensitivity analyses were performed. Gene expression was verified by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Pan-cancer analysis was used to explore the importance of hub CRs. Results: We finally obtained 32 tumor-associated CRs. The prognostic model was constructed based on RCOR2, PPARGC1A, PKM, RAC3, PHF19, MYBBP1A, ORC1, and EYA2 by the LASSO-Cox regression. Single-cell data revealed that the model was immune-related. Combined with immune infiltration analysis, immune checkpoint analysis, and tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) analysis, the low-score risk group had more immune cell infiltration and better immune response. Mutation and methylation analysis showed that multiple CRs may be mutated and methylated in colon cancer. Drug sensitivity analysis revealed that the low-risk group may be more sensitive to several drugs and PKM was associated with multiple drugs. Combined with machine learning, PKM is perhaps the most critical gene in CRs. Pan-cancer analysis showed that PKM plays a role in the prognosis of cancers. Conclusions: We developed a prognostic model for COAD based on CRs. Increased expression of the core gene PKM is linked with a poor prognosis in several malignancies.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 15(16): 4400-4407, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624102

RESUMO

Gold nanorods (AuNRs) with unique optical properties play a pivotal role in applications in plasmonic imaging, small molecule detection, and photothermal therapy. However, challenges in DNA functionalization of AuNRs hinder their full potential due to the presence of a dense cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) bilayer, impeding close DNA contact. In this study, we introduced a convenient approach for the rapid assembly of polyadenine (polyA) tailed DNA on AuNRs with control of DNA density, rigidity, and valence. We explored the impact of DNA with designed properties on the construction of core-satellite structures by employing AuNRs as cores and spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNSs) as satellites. Density, rigidity, and valence are identified as crucial factors for efficient construction. Specifically, polyA-tailed DNA modulated DNA density and reduced spatial hindrance and electrostatic repulsion, thereby facilitating the construction. Enhancing the rigidity of DNA and incorporating multiple binding sites can further improve the efficiency.


Assuntos
DNA , Ouro , Nanotubos , Poli A , Ouro/química , Nanotubos/química , DNA/química , Poli A/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Cetrimônio/química
20.
Inorg Chem ; 63(16): 7464-7472, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598182

RESUMO

Uranium accumulation in the kidneys and bones following internal contamination results in severe damage, emphasizing the pressing need for the discovery of actinide decorporation agents with efficient removal of uranium and low toxicity. In this work, cinnamic acid (3-phenyl-2-propenoic acid, CD), a natural aromatic carboxylic acid, is investigated as a potential uranium decorporation ligand. CD demonstrates markedly lower cytotoxicity than that of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), an actinide decorporation agent approved by the FDA, and effectively removes approximately 44.5% of uranyl from NRK-52E cells. More importantly, the results of the prompt administration of the CD solution remove 48.2 and 27.3% of uranyl from the kidneys and femurs of mice, respectively. Assessments of serum renal function reveal the potential of CD to ameliorate uranyl-induced renal injury. Furthermore, the single crystal of CD and uranyl compound (C9H7O2)2·UO2 (denoted as UO2-CD) reveals the formation of uranyl dimers as secondary building units. Thermodynamic analysis of the solution shows that CD coordinates with uranyl to form a 2:1 molar ratio complex at a physiological pH of 7.4. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations further show that CD exhibits a significant 7-fold heightened affinity for uranyl binding in comparison to DTPA.


Assuntos
Cinamatos , Urânio , Cinamatos/química , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Animais , Ligantes , Camundongos , Urânio/química , Urânio/metabolismo , Urânio/toxicidade , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Ratos , Estrutura Molecular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quelantes/química , Quelantes/farmacologia , Quelantes/síntese química
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