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1.
Build Environ ; 227: 109799, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407014

RESUMO

Increasing numbers of studies have observed that indoor and outdoor greenery are associated with fewer depressive symptoms during COVID-19 lockdowns. However, most of these studies examined direct associations without sufficient attention to underlying pathways. Furthermore, few studies have combined different types of indoor and outdoor greenery to examine their effects on the alleviation of depressive symptoms. The present study hypothesized that indoor and outdoor exposure to greenery increased the perceived restorativeness of home environments, which, in turn, reduced loneliness, COVID-related fears, and, ultimately, depressive symptoms. To test our hypotheses, we conducted an online survey with 386 respondents in Shanghai, China, from April to May 2022, which corresponded to strict citywide lockdowns that resulted from the outbreak of the Omicron variant. Indoor greenery measures included the number of house plants, gardening activities, and digital nature exposure as well as semantic image segmentation applied to photographs from the most viewed windows to quantify indoor exposure to outdoor trees and grass. Outdoor greenery measures included total vegetative cover (normalized difference vegetation index [NDVI]) within a 300 m radius from the home and perceived quality of the community's greenery. Associations between greenery and depressive symptoms/clinical levels of depression, as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), were examined using generalized linear and logistic regression models. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test pathways between greenery exposure, restorativeness, loneliness, fear of COVID-19, and depressive symptoms. The results showed that: 1) indoor and outdoor greenery were associated with fewer depressive symptoms; 2) greenery could increase the restorativeness of the home environment, which, in turn, was associated with fewer COVID-related mental stressors (i.e., loneliness and fear of COVID-19), and ultimately depressive symptoms; and 3) gender, education, and income did not modify associations between greenery and depressive symptoms. These findings are among the first to combine objective and subjective measures of greenery within and outside of the home and document their effects on mental health during lockdowns. Comprehensive enhancements of greenery in living environments could be nature-based solutions for mitigating COVID-19 related mental stressors.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121873, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126624

RESUMO

In this work, a rapid and sensitive strategy was developed to determine thiram (THI) and atrazine (ATZ) by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technology. ß-cyclodextrin modified silver nanoparticles (ß-CD-AgNPs) were synthesized using ß-CD as a reducing agent and encapsulating agent under alkaline conditions and employed as SERS substrate. The existence of ß-CD can capture the molecules to form host-guest complex and fix molecular orientation in its cavity, thus ensuring the enhanced SERS signal intensity of THI and ATZ. The linear response extends from 2.56 × 10-8 to 2.56 × 10-3 mol/L for THI and 3.08 × 10-8 to 3.08 × 10-3 mol/L for ATZ, with the limits of detection (LOD) of 2.42 × 10-9 mol/L for THI and 7.26 × 10-9 mol/L for ATZ, respectively. The application of the proposed method in real samples including apple and water were investigated, and the results would help promote the application of SERS technology as a powerful analytical tool for detecting other pesticide residues. It is expected that this SERS strategy will provide great value for rapid detecting pesticide residues in food products and environmental systems.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Tiram/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Atrazina/análise , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Frutas/química , Prata/química , Água/análise
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130174, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265380

RESUMO

Environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs), a class of molecules that are widespread in our environment, may adversely affect the endocrine system. Exploring the interactions between these compounds and their potential targets is important for assessing their role in the organism. Focused on the human estrogen-related receptor γ (hERRγ) with BPA, BPB, HPTE, BPE, BP(2,2)(Et), and BP(2,2)(MeO) complexes, respectively, we groped for the mechanisms of conformational changes and interactions of hERRγ when binding to these six EEDs by combining multiple molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with energy prediction (MM-PBSA and solvated interaction energy (SIE)). Dynamics analysis results revealed these six EEDs have different effects on the internal dynamics of hERRγ, resulting in significant changes in the interaction of key residues around Leu268, Val313, Leu345, and Phe435 with EEDs, and thus affected its binding energy with these EEDs. The energy calculations further demonstrated that van der Waals interactions are critical for these EEDs binding to hERRγ. These results present detailed molecular insight into the interaction features between EEDs and hERRγ and help guide the search for safer alternatives to BPA.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos , Humanos , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrogênios
4.
Asian J Androl ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348578

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) findings of prostate cancer (PCa) guided by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and to improve the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) system for avoiding unnecessary mpMRI-guided targeted biopsy (TB). From January 2018 to October 2019, fusion mpMRI and TRUS-guided biopsies were performed in 162 consecutive patients. The study included 188 suspicious lesions on mpMRI in 156 patients, all of whom underwent mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-guided TB and 12-core transperineal systematic biopsy (SB). Univariate analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between TRUS features and PCa. Then, logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations was performed to determine the independent predictors of PCa and obtain the fitted probability of PCa. The detection rates of PCa based on TB alone, SB alone, and combined SB and TB were 55.9% (105 of 188), 52.6% (82 of 156), and 62.8% (98 of 156), respectively. The significant predictors of PCa on TRUS were hypoechogenicity (odds ratio [OR]: 9.595, P = 0.002), taller-than-wide shape (OR: 3.539, P = 0.022), asymmetric vascular structures (OR: 3.728, P = 0.031), close proximity to capsule (OR: 3.473, P = 0.040), and irregular margins (OR: 3.843, P = 0.041). We propose subgrouping PI-RADS score 3 into categories 3a, 3b, 3c, and 3d based on different numbers of TRUS predictors, as the creation of PI-RADS 3a (no suspicious ultrasound features) could avoid 16.7% of mpMRI-guided TBs. Risk stratification of PCa with mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-directed ultrasound features could avoid unnecessary mpMRI-TBs.

5.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 3085-3095, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Extensive application of anti-HER2 targeted therapy improves significantly the HER2-positive advanced breast cancer (BC) prognosis, however, it is still difficult to treat brain metastasis. In current study, we explored effective approaches via combining pyrotinib to treat brain metastasis in patients with HER2-positive advanced BC based upon clinical data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Current study included 61 HER2-positive BC patients with brain metastases (BM) who were treated by pyrotinib-based regimens. The systemic regimens included pyrotinib combined with capecitabine, pyrotinib combined with nab-paclitaxel, and pyrotinib combined with vinorelbine. Patients' progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), clinical benefit rate (CBR) and objective response rate (ORR), as well as drug-related adverse events (AEs) in regard of each combination regimen were analyzed. RESULTS: Pyrotinib-based systemic therapy resulted in 8.6 months median PFS (mPFS) and 18.0 months median OS (mOS) among the BM patients. Regarding different regimens, the combination of pyrotinib with nab-paclitaxel was superior to the combination with capecitabine and vinorelbine with respect to PFS and OS. The central nervous system (CNS) ORR did not showcase significant difference among 3 regimens, however, nab-paclitaxel combined regimen obtained the best peripheral ORR (84.6%) (p ≤ .05). CONCLUSIONS: Pyrotinib-based combination therapy is safe for HER2-positive brain metastasis treatment. Compared with vinorelbine or capecitabine, pyrotinib combined with nab-paclitaxel is more effective with less toxicity, which is the preferable regimen for HER2-positive brain metastasis.KEY MESSAGESPresent investigation investigated effective methods through combining pyrotinib to treat brain metastasis with HER2-positive advanced brain cancer. The outcomes verified that pyrotinib-based combination therapy was safe and efficient to treat HER2-positive brain metastasis. Therefore, it is effective to treat brain metastasis applying anti-HER2 targeted therapies although pyrotinib showcases efficiency regarding its treatments for the metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Vinorelbina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário
6.
Anesth Analg ; 135(6): e48-e49, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384020
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1317-20, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397233

RESUMO

Physicians in the past dynasties have improved the theory of fire needling from the aspects of fire needling instruments, clinical efficacy, application scope, operation, precautions, etc., which promoted the clinical application of fire needling. Modern fire needling breaks through the traditional clinical taboos such as heat syndrome, face, forbidden acupoints, and no needle retention. By using modern fire needling with various types, characteristics and functions, multiple needles and multiple methods are used to treat various diseases, which can further exert the therapeutic effect of fire needling and promote the popularization and application of fire needle therapy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Agulhas , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fosfomycin is an important broad-spectrum bactericidal antibiotic to treat multidrug-resistant bacteria infections. It is generally accepted that heteroresistant bacteria are an intermediate stage in the formation of drug resistance, but there are few studies on the formation mechanism underlying fosfomycin heteroresistance (FHR). OBJECTIVES: To reveal the characteristics and formation mechanisms of FHR in Escherichia coli isolates obtained from chickens. METHODS: We identified the FHR according to the population analysis profile (PAP) test and in vitro time-kill assay. Growth curves for FHR E. coli and their subpopulations were measured. Also, the subpopulations were repeatedly cultured in fosfomycin-free medium for 5-20 overnight incubation periods. The formation mechanisms of FHR in E. coli isolates were identified through accumulation assay, carbohydrate utilization testing, real-time relative quantitative PCR analysis, DNA sequencing, transcriptomic analysis, intracellular ATP and cAMP-level assessment. RESULTS: Four of six E. coli strains were confirmed to show FHR, with a total of six subpopulations. The subpopulations restored phenotypic susceptibilities to fosfomycin within 5-20 overnight incubation sessions, but four of six subpopulations still maintained FHR characteristics. Differing from their parental isolates, the uptake of fosfomycin in the subpopulations through GlpT was reduced remarkably. Further studies identified that the low expression of glpT was due to the decrease of intracellular cAMP levels in the subpopulations, which was caused by the decreased ATP levels in cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed the formation mechanism of E. coli isolates showing FHR obtained from chicken in China and characterized the dynamic change traits in vitro of the subpopulations.

9.
Cell Regen ; 11(1): 39, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319799

RESUMO

Intestinal organoids, derived from intestinal stem cell self-organization, recapitulate the tissue structures and behaviors of the intestinal epithelium, which hold great potential for the study of developmental biology, disease modeling, and regenerative medicine. The intestinal epithelium is exposed to dynamic mechanical forces which exert profound effects on gut development. However, the conventional intestinal organoid culture system neglects the key role of mechanical microenvironments but relies solely on biological factors. Here, we show that adding cyclic stretch to intestinal organoid cultures remarkably up-regulates the signature gene expression and proliferation of intestinal stem cells. Furthermore, mechanical stretching stimulates the expansion of SOX9+ progenitors by activating the Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling. These data demonstrate that the incorporation of mechanical stretch boosts the stemness of intestinal stem cells, thus benefiting organoid growth. Our findings have provided a way to optimize an organoid generation system through understanding cross-talk between biological and mechanical factors, paving the way for the application of mechanical forces in organoid-based models.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(22)2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433614

RESUMO

Consumers in electricity markets are becoming more proactive because of the rapid development of demand-response management and distributed energy resources, which boost the transformation of peer-to-peer (P2P) energy-trading mechanisms. However, in the P2P negotiation process, it is a challenging task to prevent private information from being attacked by malicious agents. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving, two-party, secure computation mechanism for consensus-based P2P energy trading. First, a novel P2P negotiation mechanism for energy trading is proposed based on the consensus + innovation (C + I) method and the power transfer distribution factor (PTDF), and this mechanism can simultaneously maximize social welfare and maintain physical network constraints. In addition, the C + I method only requires a minimum set of information to be exchanged. Then, we analyze the strategy of malicious neighboring agents colluding to attack in order to steal private information. To defend against this attack, we propose a two-party, secure computation mechanism in order to realize safe negotiation between each pair of prosumers based on Paillier homomorphic encryption (HE), a smart contract (SC), and zero-knowledge proof (ZKP). The energy price is updated in a safe way without leaking any private information. Finally, we simulate the functionality of the privacy-preserving mechanism in terms of convergence performance, computational efficiency, scalability, and SC operations.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Privacidade , Consenso , Sistemas Computacionais
11.
J Mol Graph Model ; 118: 108377, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36435031

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) are a group of cognitive and behavioral disorders characterized by progressive loss of neuronal structure and function. As the population ages, the incidence is getting higher and higher, but there is currently no effective treatment. The details of RNA/DNA recognition by the RNA-binding protein RBM45 closely related to neurodegenerative diseases through its two tandem RNA-recognition domains at its N-terminus have important implications for structure-based drug discovery against degenerative diseases. To explore the key characteristics of interaction between ssDNA and RBM45, we performed multiple molecular dynamics (MD) simulations along with MM-PBSA energy prediction on the complexes of wild type (WT) and three mutant RBM45s (K100A, F124A/Y165A, and F29A/F70A/F124A/Y165A) with ssDNA, respectively. The findings suggest that these mutated residues of RBM45 modify the interaction of their surrounding residues with ssDNA, thereby affecting RBM45 protein binding to ssDNA. In contrast with WT RBM45 protein, variations in van der Waals and electrostatic interactions with ssDNA caused by these three RBM45 mutants are critical to affect binding between them. In addition, energy analysis showed that RBM45 is a specific ssDNA-binding protein. The results of our work provide valuable theoretical guidance for the design effective drugs of NDD.

12.
Mol Pharm ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382950

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) treatment for the clinical therapy of numerous malignancies has attracted widespread attention in recent years. Despite being a promising treatment option, developing complementary strategies to enhance the proportion of patients benefiting from ICB therapy remains a formidable challenge because of the complexity of the tumor microenvironment. Ibrutinib (IBR), a covalent inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), has been approved as a clinical therapy for numerous B-cell malignancies. IBR also irreversibly inhibits interleukin-2 inducible T cell kinase (ITK), an essential enzyme in Th2-polarized T cells that participates in tumor immunosuppression. Ablation of ITK by IBR can elicit Th1-dominant antitumor immune responses and potentially enhance the efficacy of ICB therapy in solid tumors. However, its poor solubility and rapid clearance in vivo restrict T cell targetability and tumor accumulation by IBR. A sialic acid derivative-modified nanocomplex (SA-GA-OCT@PC) has been reported to improve the efficacy of IBR-mediated combination immunotherapy in solid tumors. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that SA-GA-OCT@PC effectively accumulated in tumor-infiltrating T cells mediated by Siglec-E and induced Th1-dominant antitumor immune responses. SA-GA-OCT@PC-mediated combination therapy with PD-L1 blockade agents dramatically suppressed tumor growth and inhibited tumor relapse in B16F10 melanoma mouse models. Overall, the combination of the SA-modified nanocomplex platform and PD-L1 blockade offers a treatment opportunity for IBR in solid tumors, providing novel insights for tumor immunotherapy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411718

RESUMO

A composite solid-state electrolyte (SSE) with acceptable safety and durability is considered as a potential candidate for high-performance lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. Herein, to address the safety issues and improve the electrochemical performance of Li-O2 batteries, a solvent-free composite SSE is prepared based on the thermal initiation of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate radical polymerization, and an integrated battery is achieved by injecting an electrolyte precursor between electrodes during the assembly process through a simple heat treatment. The Li-metal symmetric cells based on this composite SSE achieve a critical current density of 0.8 mA cm-2 and a stable cycle life of over 900 h at a current density of 0.2 mA cm-2. This composite SSE effectively inhibits the erosion of O2 on the Li metal anode, optimizes the interface between the electrolyte and cathode, and provides abundant reaction sites for the electrochemical reactions during cycling. The integrated solid-state Li-O2 battery prepared in this work achieves stable long cycling (118 cycles) at a current density of 500 mA g-1 at room temperature, showing the promising future application prospects.

14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 6245-6254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329987

RESUMO

Purpose: The drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitutes a major public health threat. Existing approaches make it challenging to detect low levels of drug-resistant TB, also known as heteroresistance (HR), in a population. The recently found droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) is a sensitive method for determining the precise amount of nucleic acid in a sample. We used ddPCR to test the Mycobacterium tuberculosis heteroresistance because it delivers more exact quantitative data without the need for a reference curve. Patients and Methods: A TaqMan-MGB probe mutation detection assay was developed in order to determine the mutant and wild-type sequences of the isoniazid resistance katG (315) gene. We produced heteroresistant MTB combinations, which were subsequently identified by ddPCR, qPCR, and MeltPro/INH. In addition, 21 clinical sputum samples with positive smears were used to validate each method's capacity to determine HR in sputum. Results: We discovered that ddPCR can detect mutant sequences in as few as 0.01% of a combination. DeepMelt TB/INH, which is less sensitive in comparison, cannot detect HR with high resolution and requires a mutation rate of 50% to identify. qPCR likewise has a high resolution of 0.02%, but unlike ddPCR, it cannot determine the exact number of mutations. Our assay is applicable to sputum as well. ddPCR found a katG 315 substitution in two sputums with extremely low values of HR (0.26% and 0.14%). In 21 samples of clinical sputum, the HR prevalence of INH was 9.5%. Conclusion: This work demonstrates that a well-designed ddPCR HR detection test can detect low levels of HR with high accuracy and consistency and gives new information for the clinical diagnosis of drug resistance.

15.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 90: 106211, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327923

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes of ultrasound-assisted thawing on lamb meat quality and differential metabolite profiles during refrigerated storage. Compared with flow water thawing (FW), pH, a*, C*, and sulfhydryl content of lamb were significantly increased, while L*, drip loss and cooking loss were significantly decreased after ultrasound-assisted thawing (UT). On day 1 (UT1 and FW1) and day 7 (UT7 and FW7) in the UT and FW groups, principal component analysis explained 42.22% and 39.25% of the total variance. In this study, 44 (UT1 and FW1) and 47 (UT7 and FW7) differentially expressed metabolites were identified, including amino acids, carbohydrates and their conjugates, nucleic acids, carbonyl compounds and others. The results of this study provide data to clarify the differences between UT and FW, and lay a foundation for the application of ultrasound-assisted thawing in the meat industry.


Assuntos
Carne Vermelha , Ovinos , Animais , Carne Vermelha/análise , Carne/análise , Oxirredução , Culinária , Estresse Oxidativo
16.
J Med Virol ; : e28267, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury is a major complication of sepsis and a key factor affecting prognosis. Therefore, early and accurate diagnosis and timely management of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM) are of great significance for the prevention and treatment of sepsis. The gut microbiota has been shown to be closely associated with sepsis or myocardial injury, but the association between the gut microbiota and SICM is not fully understood. This study aimed to explore the link between gut microbiota composition and SICM. METHODS: A case-control and single-center study of clinical features and gut microbiota profiles by Metagenome and Virome was conducted in SICM patients (n = 15) and sepsis-uninduced cardiomyopathy patients (SNICM, n = 16). RESULTS: Compared with SNICM patients, SICM patients showed significant myocardial injury and higher 28-day mortality, SOFA scores, lactate levels, and infection levels on admission. Meanwhile, differences in the composition of gut bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses were analyzed between the two groups. Differential gut bacteria or viruses were found to have a good predictive effect on SICM. Furthermore, gut bacteria and viruses that differed between the two groups were strongly related. The abundance of Cronobacter and Cronobacter phage was higher in the SICM group than in the SNICM group, and the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that Cronobacter and Cronobacter phage both had a good predictive effect on SICM. CONCLUSIONS: SICM patients may have specific gut microbiota signatures, and Cronobacter and Cronobacter phages have a good ability to identify and diagnose SICM.

17.
Food Chem ; 406: 134987, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446278

RESUMO

Secondary metabolites are a group of small molecules with critical roles in plants fitness in addition to their potential bioactivities in humans. Most of these compounds are associated with the flavor and quality formation of fruits or nuts during the development or the postharvest stages. Change in metabolic profiles and shifts underpinning the post-ripening process in T. grandis nuts are not yet reported. In this study, a large scale untargeted metabolomics approach was employed in T. grandis nuts, revealing for a total of 140 differential accumulated metabolites. Among them, nearly 60% of metabolites belonging to terpenoids, coumarins and phenolic acids, and phytohormones were showed a gradual accumulation pattern, while most of compounds in flavonoids were decreased during post-ripening. An in-depth analysis of changes in these metabolite classes suggest a framework for post-ripening process effect associated with the postharvest quality of T. grandis nuts for the first time.

19.
Epigenomics ; 14(18): 1089-1104, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36222052

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the prognostic value of methylated snoRNA genes in glioma and construct a prognostic risk signature. Materials & methods: We retrieved clinical information and 450K methylation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and obtained five methylated snoRNA genes. Then we established a risk signature and verified the effect of SNORA71B on glioma cells with functional assays. Results: A risk signature containing five methylated snoRNA genes was constructed and demonstrated to be an independent predictor of glioma prognosis. Silencing SNORA71B restrained the proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells and reduced the expression of mesenchymal and cell cycle marker proteins. Conclusion: This study constructed a methylated snoRNA gene risk signature, which may provide a reference for glioma patients' prognosis assessment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/genética
20.
Molecules ; 27(20)2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296648

RESUMO

In this study, a green process of ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD)-assisted extraction of active ingredients from Forsythia suspensa leaves was developed. Firstly, the optimal process of extraction was as follows: the ratio between Forsythia suspensa leaves and ß-CD was 3.61:5, the solid-liquid ratio was 1:36.3, the temperature was 75.25 °C and the pH was 3.94. The yields of forsythoside A, phillyrin and phillygenol were 11.80 ± 0.141%, 5.49 ± 0.078% and 0.319 ± 0.004%, respectively. Then, the structure characteristics of the ß-CD-assisted extract of Forsythia suspensa leaves (FSE-ß-CD) were analyzed using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and molecular docking to demonstrate that the natural active products from Forsythia suspensa leaves had significant interactions with the ß-CD. Additionally, the loss of forsythoside A from aqueous FSE-CD at 80 °C was only 12%, compared with Forsythia suspensa leaf extract (FSE) which decreased by 13%. In addition, the aqueous solubility of FSE-CD was significantly increased to 70.2 g/L. The EC50 for scavenging DPPH and ABTS radicals decreased to 28.98 ug/mL and 25.54 ug/mL, respectively. The results showed that the ß-CD-assisted extraction process would be a promising technology for bioactive compounds extracted from plants.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Forsythia , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Forsythia/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pós , Extratos Vegetais/química
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