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1.
Angiology ; : 33197221094713, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503367

RESUMO

The present study investigated the association between the presence of periodontitis and aortic calcification (AC) risk among Chinese adults. A total of 6059 individuals who underwent regular health check-ups and received a diagnosis of periodontitis between 2009 and 2016 were included. The outcome was AC, assessed by a chest low-dose spiral CT scan. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to assess the association between periodontitis and AC risk after adjusting for several confounders. After a median follow-up period of 2.3 years (interquartile range: 1.03-4.97 years), 843 cases of AC were identified, with 532 (12.13%) and 311 (18.59%) patients in the non-periodontitis group and periodontitis group, respectively. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that, compared with those without periodontitis, the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval for AC risk in participants with periodontitis was 1.18 (1.02-1.36) (P = .025) in the fully adjusted model. Stratified analyses showed that the positive relationship between periodontitis and AC was more evident in males and participants <65 years of age (pinteraction = .005 and .004, respectively). Our results show that the presence of periodontitis was positively associated with AC among Chinese adults, especially among males and younger participants.

2.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 9(4): 190-196, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571622

RESUMO

Objective: To determine whether nutritional counseling (NC) affects the dietary intake and nutritional status of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in China. Methods: This historical control study enrolled 139 HNC patients in the NC group and 146 patients in the control group. Before RT, the latter received usual education about side effects. The former received three sessions (T1, before RT; T2, 3 weeks of RT; and T3, 6 to 7 weeks of RT) of individualized NC. Outcome measures were dietary intake, weight, body composition, and nutritional status. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to analyze intergroup differences. Results: The NC group had higher energy (P â€‹< â€‹0.001) and protein intake (P â€‹= â€‹0.003). However, some patients in the NC group still could not reach 60% of the recommended caloric goals (22.3% at T2 and 32.4% at T3) or protein goals (23.0% at T2 and 27.3% at T3). Although the NC group had a lower weight loss rate (ߠ​= â€‹-0.555, P â€‹= â€‹0.037), they still lost 6.15% â€‹± â€‹4.08% of weight at T3. At T2, more patients in the control group lost ≥ 5% of weight (26.0% vs 15.8%, P â€‹= â€‹0.049). More patients in the control group had malnutrition (P â€‹= â€‹0.045), but 77% of the NC group had malnutrition at T3. Conclusions: NC could effectively improve dietary intake, weight loss, and malnutrition in HNC patients receiving RT. Nevertheless, only NC was insufficient to maintain adequate intake and well-nourished status. We should adopt intensive nutritional intervention with a multidisciplinary team to enhance patients' nutritional status.

3.
PeerJ ; 10: e13358, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505680

RESUMO

Vegetation restoration is an essential approach to re-establish the ecological balance in subalpine areas. Changes in vegetation cover represent, to some extent, vegetation growth trends and are the consequence of a complex of different natural factors and human activities. Microtopography influences vegetation growth by affecting the amount of heat and moisture reaching the ground, a role that is more pronounced in subalpine areas. However, little research is concerned with the characteristics and dynamics of vegetation restoration in different microtopography types. The respective importance of the factors driving vegetation changes in subalpine areas is also not clear yet. We used linear regression and the Hurst exponent to analyze the trends in vegetation restoration and sustainability in different microtopography types since 2000, based on Fractional Vegetation Cover (FVC) and identified potential driving factors of vegetation change and their importance by using Geographical Detector. The results show that: (1) The FVC in the region under study has shown an up-trend since 2000, and the rate of increase is 0.26/year (P = 0.028). It would be going from improvement to degradation, continuous decrease or continuous significant decrease in 47.48% of the region, in the future. (2) The mean FVC is in the following order: lower slope (cool), lower slope, lower slope (warm), valley, upper slope (warm), upper slope, valley (narrow), upper slope (cool), cliff, mountain/divide, peak/ridge (warm), peak/ridge, peak/ridge (cool). The lower slope is the microtopographic type with the best vegetation cover, and ridge peak is the most difficult to be afforested. (3) The main factors affecting vegetation restoration in subalpine areas are aspect, microtopographic type, and soil taxonomy great groups. The interaction between multiple factors has a much stronger effect on vegetation cover than single factors, with the effect of temperatures and aspects having the most significant impact on the vegetation cover changes. Natural factors have a greater impact on vegetation restoration than human factors in the study area. The results of this research can contribute a better understanding of the influence of different drivers on the change of vegetation cover, and provide appropriate references and recommendations for vegetation restoration and sustainable development in typical logging areas in subalpine areas.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 155816, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550898

RESUMO

The aerosols over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) play an important role in radiative budget and hydrologic cycle over Asia even the northern hemisphere. Adjacent to the major emission sources of air pollutants, transboundary pollutions transported to the TP due to the unique geographical location and climatic characteristics, is an important exogenous driver of multi-layer changes over the TP. The influence of boundary layer height (BLH) in India to the transboundary pollution over the TP from 1980 to 2018 was investigated in the study. Results showed that air pollutants transported to the TP is more efficient within the boundary layer compared with free troposphere. The BLH decreases with the rate of 1.8 m/season in these decades. Moreover, it also has a significant correlation with AOD (-0.4). Accompanied with westerly wind and the topographic forcing in the higher boundary layer, dust particles were uplifted from the northern India to the high altitude. Compared with a higher BLH, the lower BLH is difficult for the long transport of pollutants with weaker westerly wind over the TP and its difference of dust concentration with 0.2 µg m-3 in the upper troposphere. The solar radiation enhancement increases the sensible heat and accelerate the upward of the atmosphere in high BLH events, which uplifts the pollutants accumulated in lower troposphere to higher altitudes and provides thermodynamic conditions for the pollutants transorted to the TP with westerly. This study provides confidence for the source, long-term transport of the TP aerosol, and its environmental and climatic impacts on climate systems in the Northern Hemisphere.

5.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12966, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB) is an important predictor of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. However, the association between CRBBB and AF development remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 2639 patients (male, n = 1549; female, n = 1090; mean age, 58 ± 13 years). CRBBB was defined as a late R (R') wave in lead V1 or V2 with a slurred S wave in lead I and/or lead V6 with a prolonged QRS duration (≥120 ms). RESULTS: Among the 2639 patients, CRBBB was detected in 40 patients (1.5%), and the prevalence of AF was 7.4% (196/2639). The proportion of patients with AF and CRBBB was higher than the proportion of patients with AF without CRBBB (22.5% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.001). In the forward multivariate logistic analysis, CRBBB (odds ratio [OR], 3.329; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.350-8.211; p = 0.009), complete left bundle branch block (OR, 2.209; 95% CI, 1.238-3.940; p = 0.007), age (OR, 1.020; 95% CI, 1.005-1.035; p = 0.009), valvular heart disease (OR, 2.332; 95% CI, 1.531-3.552; p < 0.001), left atrial diameter (OR, 1.133; 95% CI, 1.104-1.163; p < 0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (OR, 1.023; 95% CI, 1.006-1.041; p = 0.007), and class I or III anti-arrhythmic drug use (OR, 10.534; 95% CI, 7.090-15.651; p < 0.001) were associated with AF. CONCLUSION: Complete right bundle branch block was significantly associated with AF development in hospitalized patients with cardiovascular diseases.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 151: 113123, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594702

RESUMO

Tirapazamine (TPZ) is a promising hypoxia-selective cytotoxic agent that may exert synergistic tumor-killing activity with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for liver cancer. To investigated whether TPZ-loaded microspheres enhance the synergy between TPZ and TAE in liver cancer, we prepared TPZ-loaded CalliSpheres microspheres (CSMTPZs) and characterized their properties as a chemoembolization agent in vitro. Tumor hypoxia after TAE was detected in the rabbit VX2 model of liver cancer using a modified Clark-type microelectrode research system. CSMTPZ therapy was performed in the animal model. The plasma and tumor concentrations of TPZ and its metabolites were measured, and the efficacy and safety of CSMTPZ therapy were evaluated and compared with those of the conventional combination of intraarterial TPZ injection and embolization. The results showed that CSMTPZs displayed favorable in vitro properties including drug loading and release and microsphere size, shape, and surface profiles. TAE induced acute tumor hypoxia, but residual tumor cells responded to hypoxia through hypoxia-inducible factor 1α. CSMTPZ therapy improved TPZ delivery into tumor tissue with minimal systemic exposure. Accordingly, CSMTPZ therapy exhibited advantages in terms of hypoxia-selected cytotoxicity, tumor apoptosis and necrosis, animal survival, and safety over the conventional combination of TPZ and TAE. We revealed the improved synergistic anti-tumor effects of CSMTPZ therapy in the rabbit VX2 liver cancer model. Our data support the clinical evaluation of CSMTPZs in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma, and CSMTPZ administration might serve as a successful therapeutic strategy for this malignancy.

7.
Nat Mater ; 21(5): 564-571, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501364

RESUMO

Realizing fully stretchable electronic materials is central to advancing new types of mechanically agile and skin-integrable optoelectronic device technologies. Here we demonstrate a materials design concept combining an organic semiconductor film with a honeycomb porous structure with biaxially prestretched platform that enables high-performance organic electrochemical transistors with a charge transport stability over 30-140% tensional strain, limited only by metal contact fatigue. The prestretched honeycomb semiconductor channel of donor-acceptor polymer poly(2,5-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-3,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2,5-diketo-pyrrolopyrrole-alt-2,5-bis(3-triethyleneglycoloxy-thiophen-2-yl) exhibits high ion uptake and completely stable electrochemical and mechanical properties over 1,500 redox cycles with 104 stretching cycles under 30% strain. Invariant electrocardiogram recording cycles and synapse responses under varying strains, along with mechanical finite element analysis, underscore that the present stretchable organic electrochemical transistor design strategy is suitable for diverse applications requiring stable signal output under deformation with low power dissipation and mechanical robustness.


Assuntos
Eletrônica , Transistores Eletrônicos , Polímeros/química , Semicondutores , Tiofenos/química
8.
J Oncol ; 2022: 4681794, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528241

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to construct a nomogram for predicting the overall survival (OS) of patients with secondary primary malignancies (SPMs) after hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC). Methods: 613 HPC patients were included in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2000 and 2018, which were divided into training and validation cohorts. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operation (LASSO) and stepwise Cox regression were used to determine the variables by which a nomogram model was established. Results: After the LASSO and stepwise Cox regression analysis, the age, year of diagnosis, sites of SPMs, SEER stage of SPMs, surgery for SPMs, and radiotherapy for SPMs were included for model establishment. The ROC curve showed good discrimination for the 3- and 5-year AUC values in the training (0.774 and 0.779, respectively) and validation (0.758 and 0.763, respectively) cohorts. The calibration curve indicated good prognostic accuracy, especially in the 5-year survival prediction for this model. The DCA also demonstrated clinical efficacy over a wide range of threshold probabilities. Lastly, the risk group classified by the individual nomogram values showed significantly different survival outcomes in both training and validation cohorts. Conclusions: We constructed a nomogram to predict the OS of SPMs after HPC with good clinical values.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529915

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of budesonide/glycopyrronium bromide/formoterol (Breztri Aerosphere) as an adjunct to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: A prospective study enrolled 120 patients with pulmonary endogenous ARDS admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine at the Fourth Hospital of Baotou from January 2017 to January 2020, and all enrollments were assigned (1 : 1) to receive conventional treatment (control group) or Breztri Aerosphere (study group). Results: Breztri Aerosphere was associated with a significantly higher total efficacy versus conventional treatment. Breztri Aerosphere resulted in significantly lower acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scoring system (APACHE II) scores and Murray lung injury scores versus conventional treatment. Both groups saw an increase in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2), partial pressure of oxygen (PO2), and oxygen saturation (SaO2) after treatment, with higher levels seen in patients given Breztri Aerosphere. After treatment, systemic vascular resistance (SVR) in both groups rose markedly, with greater elevation witnessed in the study group. The patients given Breztri Aerosphere showed significantly lower levels of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MAPA), pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and procalcitonin (PCT) versus those receiving conventional treatment. The patients experienced shorter mechanical ventilation time and intensive care unit (ICU) time after treatment of Breztri Aerosphere versus conventional treatment. Conclusion: Adjuvant therapy with Breztri Aerosphere in ARDS can significantly lower APACHE II scores and Murray lung injury scores, improve blood gas indexes and pulmonary circulation function indexes, and shorten mechanical ventilation time and ICU time, which may be attributed to its improvement of organism inflammation status and reduction of inflammatory factors.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529924

RESUMO

Pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIH) is a common pregnancy syndrome that could cause varying degrees of maternal and fetal organic damage and even endanger their lives. This study aimed to investigate ultrasound of fetal cardiac function changes in PIH. Totally 40 cases of gestational hypertension admitted to Cangzhou Central Hospital between October 2018 and September 2019 were enrolled in the hypertension group, and 40 women with healthy pregnancies during the same period were assigned to the normal group. Ultrasound results showed that PIH was associated with a significantly higher fetal cardiac septal thickness, fetal left ventricular end-diastolic area and end-systolic area, fetal right ventricular end-diastolic area and end-systolic area, fetal left ventricular systolic fraction 1 (VSF1), fetal left ventricular systolic fraction 2 (VSF2), fetal right VSF1, and fetal right VSF2 versus healthy pregnancy. The PIH fetuses had significantly lower neonatal weights versus healthy fetuses. Newborns of hypertensive pregnancies have larger hearts, faster heart rates, increased cardiac contractility, and lower weights versus newborns of healthy pregnancies.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(11): 2459-2464, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535897

RESUMO

Classic paired associative stimulation can improve synaptic plasticity, as demonstrated by animal experiments and human clinical trials in spinal cord injury patients. Paired associative magnetic stimulation (dual-target peripheral and central magnetic stimulation) has been shown to promote neurologic recovery after stroke. However, it remains unclear whether paired associative magnetic stimulation can promote recovery of lower limb motor dysfunction after spinal cord injury. We hypothesize that the current caused by central and peripheral magnetic stimulation will converge at the synapse, which will promote synapse function and improve the motor function of the relevant muscles. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effects of paired associative magnetic stimulation on neural circuit activation by measuring changes in motor evoked and somatosensory evoked potentials, motor and sensory function of the lower limbs, functional health and activities of daily living, and depression in patients with spinal cord injury. We will recruit 110 thoracic spinal trauma patients treated in the Department of Spinal Cord Injury, China Rehabilitation Hospital and randomly assign them to experimental and control groups in a 1:1 ratio. The trial group (n = 55) will be treated with paired associative magnetic stimulation and conventional rehabilitation treatment. The control group (n = 55) will be treated with sham stimulation and conventional rehabilitation treatment. Outcomes will be measured at four time points: baseline and 4, 12, and 24 weeks after the start of intervention (active or sham paired associative magnetic stimulation). The primary outcome measure of this trial is change in lower limb American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale motor function score from baseline to last follow-up. Secondary outcome measures include changes in lower limb American Spinal Injury Association sensory function score, motor evoked potentials, sensory evoked potentials, modified Ashworth scale score, Maslach Burnout Inventory score, and Hamilton Depression Scale score over time. Motor evoked potential latency reflects corticospinal tract transmission time, while amplitude reflects recruitment ability; both measures can help elucidate the mechanism underlying the effect of paired associative magnetic stimulation on synaptic efficiency. Adverse events will be recorded. Findings from this trial will help to indicate whether paired associative magnetic stimulation (1) promotes recovery of lower limb sensory and motor function, reduces spasticity, and improves quality of life; (2) promotes neurologic recovery by increasing excitability of spinal cord motor neurons and stimulating synaptic plasticity; and (3) improves rehabilitation outcome in patients with spinal cord injury. Recruitment for this trial began in April 2021 and is currently ongoing. It was approved by the Ethics Committee of Yangzhi Affiliated Rehabilitation Hospital of Tongji University, China (approval No. YZ2020-018) on May 18, 2020. The study protocol was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR2100044794) on March 27, 2021 (protocol version 1.0). This trial will be completed in April 2022.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563584

RESUMO

An ideal plant architecture is an important condition to achieve high crop yields. The tiller angle is an important and complex polygenic trait of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant architecture. Therefore, the discovery and identification of tiller angle-related genes can aid in the improvement of crop architecture and yield. In the present study, 222 SSR markers were used to establish a high-density genetic map of rice doubled haploid population, and a total of 8 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were detected based on the phenotypic data of the tiller angle and tiller crown width over 2 years. Among them, four QTLs (qTA9, qCW9, qTA9-1, and qCW9-1) were overlapped at marker interval RM6235-RM24288 on chromosome 9 with a large effect value regarded as a stable major QTL. The selected promising related genes were further identified by relative gene expression analysis, which gives us a basis for the future cloning of these genes. Finally, OsSAURq9, which belongs to the SMALL AUXIN UP RNA (SAUR), an auxin-responsive protein family, was selected as a target gene. Overall, this work will help broaden our knowledge of the genetic control of tiller angle and tiller crown width, and this study provides both a good theoretical basis and a new genetic resource for the breeding of ideal-type rice.

13.
Acc Chem Res ; 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579616

RESUMO

ConspectusFor the last two decades, materials scientists have contributed to a growing library of porous crystalline materials. These synthetic materials are typically extended networks, including metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs), or discrete materials like metal-organic cages (MOCs) and porous organic cages (POCs). Advanced porous materials have shown promise for various applications due to their modular nature and structural tunability. MOCs have recently garnered attention because of their molecularity that bestows them with many unique possibilities (e.g., solution-processability, structural diversity, and postsynthetic processability).MOCs are discrete molecular assemblies of organic ligands coordinated with either metal cations or metal oxide clusters of different nuclearities, resulting in architectures with inherent porosity. Notably, the molecular nature of MOCs endows them with easy solution-processability unattainable with traditional framework materials. To date, a number of stable MOCs have been reported, such as those based on Rh (Rh-O bond energy: 405 ± 42 kJ/mol), Fe (Fe-O bond energy: 407.0 ± 1.0 kJ/mol), Cr (Cr-O bond energy: 461 ± 8.7 kJ/mol), Ti (Ti-O bond energy: 666.5 ± 5.6 kJ/mol), and Zr (Zr-O bond energy: 766.1 ± 10.6 kJ/mol). Paddle-wheel MOCs have also shown great stability in aqueous environments due to their rigid backbones. The zirconium MOC (Zr-MOCs) family emerges as a class of very robust cages for which their high bond energy endows them with high hydrothermal stability.In 2013, we reported the first four zirconocene tetrahedrons assembled from trinuclear zirconium oxide clusters with ditopic or tritopic organic ligands. Since then, significant progress in the rational design of Zr-MOC has led to an assortment of structures dedicated to meaningful applications.In this Account, we highlight the recent progress in synthesizing Zr-MOCs and Zr-MOC-based higher dimensional frameworks and their applications dedicated in our laboratories and beyond. The general Zr-MOC synthetic strategy involves assembling Zr trinuclear clusters with organic ligands (rigid or flexible) containing various functional groups. This chemistry has afforded cages with structural versatility and active sites, e.g., amino groups, for postsynthetic modifications (PSMs). Since the extrinsic porosity of cage-based frameworks is relatively weak, the resulting frameworks are susceptible to structural rearrangement after solvent removal. To circumvent this limitation, increasing the hydrogen bond ratio and strength between interlinked cages and conducting in situ catalytic polymerizations have been reported to afford permanently porous structures amenable to host-guest reactions.To expand their potential applications, multifunctional Zr-MOCs are highly desired. Such multivariate MOCs can be attained by either employing the isoreticular expansion strategy to create MOCs with high surface areas or using mixed-ligand approaches to afford heterogeneous MOCs. In addition, amorphous MOCs, flexible organic ligands, new functionalities, and MOC-based extended networks are exciting new approaches to developing materials with structural versatility and enhanced characteristics. Thereby, we believe the stability and versatility of the Zr-MOC family hold great potential in expanding and addressing challenging applications.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 155671, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525342

RESUMO

It is widely thought that organo-mineral complexes (OMCs) stabilize organic matter via mineral adsorption. Recent studies have demonstrated that root exudates can activate OMCs, but the influence of OMCs on plant rhizosphere, which is among the most active areas for microbes, has not been thoroughly researched. In this study, a pot experiment using Brassica napus was conducted to investigate the effects of OMCs on plant rhizosphere. The result showed that OMC addition significantly promoted the growth of B. napus compared to the prevalent fertilization (PF, chemical fertilizer + chicken compost) treatment. Specifically, OMC addition increased the relative abundance (RA) of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and the bacterial α-diversity, and the operational taxonomic unit (OTU) group with RA > 0.5% in the OMC-treated rhizosphere was the result of a deterministic assembly process with homogeneous selection. Gene abundance related to nitrogen cycling and the soil chemical analysis demonstrated that the OMC-altered bacterial community induced nitrogen fixation and converted nitrate to ammonium. The upregulated carbon sequestration pathway genes and the increased soil microbial biomass carbon (23.68%) demonstrated that the bacterial-induced carbon storage in the rhizosphere was activated. This study shows that the addition of OMCs can influence the biogeochemical carbon and nitrogen cycling via regulating rhizosphere microorganisms in the rhizosphere. The findings provide fresh insights into the effects of OMCs on the biogeochemical cycling of important elements and suggest a promising strategy for improving soil productivity.

15.
RSC Adv ; 12(19): 11640-11648, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432945

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) have attracted much attention in theoretical researches and their practical applications due to their excellent optical properties, and many researchers discovered that flurophores play a very important role in synthesis process of CDs and the luminescence of prepared CDs. In this study, two CDs were pyrolysis with citric acid, N-acetyl-l-cysteine and glutathione derivatives as carbon sources. Four intermediate small molecules were separated from the prepared CDs through ultrafiltration and chromatography, and their chemical structures were determined. The formation process of CDs was monitored through identified small molecule intermediates and HPLC. It is speculated that the two CDs have the same formation pathway, including TPA (5-oxo-2,3-dihydro-5H-[1,3]thiazolo[3,2-a]pyridine-3,7-dicarboxylic acid) synthesis, fluorophore polymerization, carbon chain extension, and carbonization. It was also discovered that these two CDs have the same fluorescence properties, thiazolopyridone structure, and nitrogen-sulfur co-doped functional groups are important reasons for the mixed excitation dependence of CDs. This study would provide valuable theoretical basis for the studies on preparation of excellent CDs, raw material selection, and CDs formation mechanism.

16.
Int J Oral Sci ; 14(1): 23, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477924

RESUMO

The significant clinical feature of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is the exposure of the necrotic jaw. Other clinical manifestations include jaw pain, swelling, abscess, and skin fistula, which seriously affect the patients' life, and there is no radical cure. Thus, new methods need to be found to prevent the occurrence of BRONJ. Here, a novel nanoparticle, tFNA-KLT, was successfully synthesized by us, in which the nanoparticle tetrahedral framework nucleic acid (tFNA) was used for carrying angiogenic peptide, KLT, and then further enhanced angiogenesis. TFNA-KLT possessed the same characteristics as tFNA, such as simple synthesis, stable structure, and good biocompatibility. Meanwhile, tFNA enhanced the stability of KLT and carried more KLT to interact with endothelial cells. First, it was confirmed that tFNA-KLT had the superior angiogenic ability to tFNA and KLT both in vitro and in vivo. Then we apply tFNA-KLT to the prevention of BRONJ. The results showed that tFNA-KLT can effectively prevent the occurrence of BRONJ by accelerating angiogenesis. In summary, the prepared novel nanoparticle, tFNA-KLT, was firstly synthesized by us. It was also firstly confirmed by us that tFNA-KLT significantly enhanced angiogenesis and can effectively prevent the occurrence of BRONJ by accelerating angiogenesis, thus providing a new avenue for the prevention of BRONJ and a new choice for therapeutic angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Nanopartículas , Ácidos Nucleicos , Proteínas Angiogênicas/uso terapêutico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/tratamento farmacológico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/prevenção & controle , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Ácidos Nucleicos/uso terapêutico
17.
Adv Mater ; : e2202513, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483031

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is currently recognized as one of the most significant public health issues and affects the general well-being of millions of individuals worldwide. Despite advances in nerve tissue engineering, nerve repair still cannot guarantee complete functional recovery. In the present study, we adopted an innovative approach to establish a multifunctional tetrahedral framework nucleic acids (tFNAs) system, denoted MiDs, which could integrate the powerful programmability, permeability, and structural stability of tFNAs, with the nerve regeneration potential of microRNA-22 to enhance the communication between Schwann cells (SCs) and macrophages for more effective functional rehabilitation of peripheral nerves. Relevant results demonstrated that MiDs could amplify the ability of SCs to recruit macrophages and facilitate their polarization into the pro-healing M2 phenotype to reconstruct the post-injury microenvironment. Furthermore, MiDs could initiate the adaptive intracellular reprogramming of SCs within a short period to further promote axon regeneration and remyelination. MiDs represent a new possibility for enhancing nerve repair and may have critical clinical applications in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 807383, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462686

RESUMO

Objective: There is an urgent need to evaluate the contribution of several co-existing diseases on health. This study aims to explore the combined effect of dual sensory impairment (DSI) and multimorbidity patterns on functional impairment among middle-aged and older adults in China. Methods: Data were from 10,217 adults aged 45 or older from four waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Sensory impairments were self-reported measures. Multimorbidity patterns were identified by using k-means cluster analyses. Functional impairment was defined using activities of daily living (ADL) scale and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) scale. Generalized estimating equation models were estimated to assess the effect of co-occurring DSI and multimorbidity on functional impairment. Results: DSI prevalence was 50.4%, and multimorbidity prevalence was 37.7% at the baseline. The simultaneous presence of DSI and multimorbidity was associated with increased odds of ADL limitations (OR = 2.27, 95% CI: 2.11-2.43) and IADL limitations (OR = 1.89, 95% CI: 1.77-2.02). Five multimorbidity patterns were identified: the cardio-cerebrovascular pattern, the stomach-arthritis pattern, the respiratory pattern, the hepatorenal pattern, and the unspecified pattern. Compared to DSI only, DSI plus the hepatorenal pattern was most strongly associated with functional impairment (for ADL: OR = 2.70, 95% CI: 2.34-3.12; for IADL: OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.77-2.36). Conclusion: Middle-aged and older adults with co-occurrence of DSI and multimorbidity are at increased risk of functional impairment, especially those with multimorbidity characterized by the hepatorenal pattern. These findings imply that integrated care for DSI and multimorbidity may be a potent pathway in improving functional status.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 835227, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401496

RESUMO

The Beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Spodoptera) is an important global polyphagous pest. Pathogen infection could destroy the intestinal microbial homeostasis of insects, leading to the death of the host. However, the effect of the host intestinal microbial community on the insecticidal effect of Bacillus thuringiensis is rarely studied. In this study, the genome characteristics of Bt GS57 and the diversity and functions of the gut bacteria in S. exigua are investigated using crystal morphology, biological activity, and Illumina HiSeq high-throughput sequencing. The total size of the Bt GS57 genome is 6.17 Mbp with an average G + C content of 35.66%. Furthermore, the Bt GS57 genome contains six cry genes: cry1Ca, cry1Da, cry2Ab, cry9Ea, cry1Ia, and cry1Aa, and a vegetative insecticidal protein gene vip3Aa. The Bt GS57 strain can produce biconical crystals, mainly expressing 70 kDa and 130 kDa crystal proteins. The LC50 value of the Bt GS57 strain against the S. exigua larvae was 0.339 mg mL-1. Physiological and biochemical reactions showed that Bt GS57 belongs to B.t. var. thuringiensis. In addition, we found that B. thuringiensis can cause a dynamic change in the gut microbiota of S. exigua, with a significant reduction in bacterial diversity and a substantial increase in bacterial load. In turn, loss of gut microbiota significantly decreased the B. thuringiensis susceptibility of S. exigua larvae. Our findings reveal the vital contribution of the gut microbiota in B. thuringiensis-killing activity, providing new insights into the mechanisms of B. thuringiensis pathogenesis in insects.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 757481, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35372224

RESUMO

Background: Some studies found that family doctor contract services (FDCSs) had positive impact on the self-measurement behaviors of hypertension patients. However, evidence concerning the association between FDCSs and blood pressure measurement awareness among hypertension patients is not clear. Objective: This study aims to explore the relationship between FDCSs and blood pressure measurement awareness among the hypertension patients, and examine whether there is a difference in this relationship among middle-aged and aged adults in rural Shandong, China. Methods: A multi-stage stratified random sampling was adopted in 2018 in Shandong Province to conduct a questionnaire survey among the sample residents, in which 982 hypertension patients were included in the study. Pearson chi-square test and logistic regression model were employed using SPSS 24.0 to explore the association between FDCSs and blood pressure measurement awareness. Results: 76.8% of hypertension patients would measure blood pressure regularly. The blood pressure measurement awareness of the signing group was significantly higher than that of the non-signing group when controlling other variables (P < 0.001, OR = 2.075, 95% CI 1.391-3.095). The interaction of age and contracting status were significantly correlated with blood pressure measurement awareness (P = 0.042, OR = 1.747, 95% CI 1.020-2.992; P = 0.019, OR = 2.060, 95% CI 1.129-3.759). Factors including gender (P = 0.011, OR = 0.499, 95% CI 0.291-0.855), household income (P = 0.031, OR = 1.764, 95% CI 1.052-2.956), smoking status (P = 0.002, OR = 0.439, 95% CI 0.260-0.739), sports habits (P < 0.001, OR = 2.338, 95% CI 1.679-3.257), self-reported health (P = 0.031, OR = 1.608, 95% CI 1.043-2.477), distance to the village clinic (P = 0.006, OR = 1.952, 95% CI 1.208-3.153) and medications (P < 0.001, OR = 3.345, 95% CI 2.282-4.904) were also found to be associated with the blood pressure measurement awareness of hypertension patients. Conclusion: The government should take efforts to strengthen publicity and education of family doctors and pay more attention to uncontracted, middle-aged, female patients and patients with unhealthy life behaviors to improve the blood pressure measurement awareness.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Serviços Contratados , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hipertensão , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos de Família , População Rural
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