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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5139, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886388

RESUMO

Although it is well documented that mountains tend to exhibit high biodiversity, how geological processes affect the assemblage of montane floras is a matter of ongoing research. Here, we explore landform-specific differences among montane floras based on a dataset comprising 17,576 angiosperm species representing 140 Chinese mountain floras, which we define as the collection of all angiosperm species growing on a specific mountain. Our results show that igneous bedrock (granitic and karst-granitic landforms) is correlated with higher species richness and phylogenetic overdispersion, while the opposite is true for sedimentary bedrock (karst, Danxia, and desert landforms), which is correlated with phylogenetic clustering. Furthermore, we show that landform type was the primary determinant of the assembly of evolutionarily older species within floras, while climate was a greater determinant for younger species. Our study indicates that landform type not only affects montane species richness, but also contributes to the composition of montane floras. To explain the assembly and differentiation of mountain floras, we propose the 'floristic geo-lithology hypothesis', which highlights the role of bedrock and landform processes in montane floristic assembly and provides insights for future research on speciation, migration, and biodiversity in montane regions.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Magnoliopsida , Filogenia , China , Magnoliopsida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Altitude , Fenômenos Geológicos , Ecossistema
2.
Sleep Breath ; 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888794

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has received considerable attention as a potential risk factor for depressive symptoms. The systematic review was conducted to confirm the dose‒response connection between OSA severity and depression risk. A systematic literature search of English and Chinese articles published in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and SinoMed databases from their inception to 28 August 2023 was conducted. An evaluation using the Newcastle‒Ottawa Scale was performed. A meta-analysis was used to evaluate the impact of OSA severity. A random-effects dose‒response model was conducted to evaluate the linear and nonlinear dose‒response connections. We evaluated publication bias by funnel plots, and symmetry by Egger's test. We identified 18 cross-sectional researches. 3143 participants which were involved in the dose‒response meta-analysis. Contrasted with mild OSA, individuals with severe OSA had a higher adjusted risk of depression (rate ratio: 1.34, 95% confidence interval = 1.05-1.70), with substantial heterogeneity (I2 = 70.9%, Pheterogeneity<0.001). There is a significant linear connection between OSA severity and depression risk. The depression risk increased by 0.4% for every 1 event per hour increase in the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The protocol for this unfunded research was drafted and registered at PROSPERO (ID CRD42023474097).

3.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 16(1): 127, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to comprehensively explain of glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) control patterns and help determine the causal relationship between glycemic control patterns and atherosclerosis progression, thereby contributing to the effective management of diabetes complications. METHOD: All participants registered at the National Metabolic Management Center (MMC) of Beijing Luhe Hospital. The HbA1c pattern was described by HbA1c variability and trajectory groups of HbA1c. Then we examined the associations between the HbA1c pattern and the changes of intima-media thickness (ΔIMT) using covariate-adjusted means (SE) of ΔIMT, which were calculated by multiple linear regression analyses adjusted for the covariates. Finally, a cross-lagged panel model (CLPM) was performed to further verify the bidirectional relationship between IMT and HbA1c. RESULTS: After data cleaning, a total of 1041 type 2 diabetes patients aged 20-80 years were included in this study. Except for average real variability (ARV), the other variation variables of HbA1c were associated with ΔIMT% (P < 0.05). Four discrete trajectories of HbA1c were identified in trajectory analysis. Comparing with the low-stable trajectory group of HbA1c, the covariate-adjusted means (SE) of ΔIMT% were significantly higher in Moderate-increase, U-shape and relative high trajectory groups, the mean (SE) were 7.03 (0.031), 15.49 (0.185), 14.15 (0.029), respectively. Meanwhile, there were significant bidirectional cross-lagged associations between HbA1c and IMT after adjusting for covariates. CONCLUSION: We found four discrete trajectory groups of HbA1c during the long-term follow-up of diabetes. There was a positive association between HbA1c variability and the progression of atherosclerosis. Our study suggested that patients with diabetes should avoid roller coaster changes in glucose over a long period when controlling blood glucose.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 529, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sorghum aphid Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) (Homoptera: Aphididae) is an important insect in the late growth phase of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). However, the mechanisms of sorghum response to aphid infestation are unclear. RESULTS: In this paper, the mechanisms of aphid resistance in different types of sorghum varieties were revealed by studying the epidermal cell structure and performing a transcriptome and metabolome association analysis of aphid-resistant and aphid-susceptible varieties. The epidermal cell results showed that the resistance of sorghum to aphids was positively correlated with epidermal cell regularity and negatively correlated with the intercellular space and leaf thickness. Transcriptome and metabolomic analyses showed that differentially expressed genes in the resistant variety HN16 and susceptible variety BTX623 were mainly enriched in the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway and differentially expressed metabolites were mainly related to isoflavonoid biosynthesis and flavonoid biosynthesis. The q-PCR results of key genes were consistent with the transcriptome expression results. Meanwhile, the metabolome test results showed that after aphidinfestation, naringenin and genistein were significantly upregulated in the aphid-resistant variety HN16 and aphid-susceptible variety BTX623 while luteolin was only significantly upregulated in BTX623. These results show that naringenin, genistein, and luteolin play important roles in plant resistance to aphid infestation. The results of exogenous spraying tests showed that a 1‰ concentration of naringenin and genistein is optimal for improving sorghum resistance to aphid feeding. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the physical properties of the sorghum leaf structure related to aphid resistance were studied to provide a reference for the breeding of aphid-resistant varieties. The flavonoid biosynthesis pathway plays an important role in the response of sorghum aphids and represents an important basis for the biological control of these pests. The results of the spraying experiment provide insights for developing anti-aphid substances in the future.


Assuntos
Afídeos , Metaboloma , Sorghum , Transcriptoma , Sorghum/genética , Sorghum/parasitologia , Sorghum/metabolismo , Afídeos/fisiologia , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/genética
5.
Imeta ; 3(1): e158, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868515

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat to global public health, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are widely distributed across humans, animals, and environment. Farming environments are emerging as a key research area for ARGs and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB). While the skin is an important reservoir of ARGs and ARB, transmission mechanisms between farming environments and human skin remain unclear. Previous studies confirmed that swine farm environmental exposures alter skin microbiome, but the timeline of these changes is ill defined. To improve understanding of these changes and to determine the specific time, we designed a cohort study of swine farm workers and students through collected skin and environmental samples to explore the impact of daily occupational exposure in swine farm on human skin microbiome. Results indicated that exposure to livestock-associated environments where microorganisms are richer than school environment can reshape the human skin microbiome and antibiotic resistome. Exposure of 5 h was sufficient to modify the microbiome and ARG structure in workers' skin by enriching microorganisms and ARGs. These changes were preserved once formed. Further analysis indicated that ARGs carried by host microorganisms may transfer between the environment with workers' skin and have the potential to expand to the general population using farm workers as an ARG vector. These results raised concerns about potential transmission of ARGs to the broader community. Therefore, it is necessary to take corresponding intervention measures in the production process to reduce the possibility of ARGs and ARB transmission.

6.
Appl Opt ; 63(14): 3929-3943, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856357

RESUMO

In order to extract smooth and accurate strain fields from the noisy displacement fields obtained by digital image correlation (DIC), a point interpolation meshless (PIM) method with a radial basis function (RBF) is introduced for full-field strain calculation, which overcomes the problems of slow calculation speed and unstable matrix inverse calculation of the element-free Galerkin method (EFG). The radial basis point interpolation method (RPIM) with three different radial basis functions and the moving least squares (MLS) and pointwise least squares (PLS) methods are compared by analyzing and validating the strain fields with high-strain gradients in simulation experiments. The results indicate that the RPIM is nearly 80% more computationally efficient than the MLS method when a larger support domain is used, and the efficiency of the RPIM is nearly 26% higher than that of the MLS method when a smaller support domain is used; the strain calculation accuracy is slightly lower than that of the MLS method by 0.3-0.5%, but the stability of the calculation is significantly improved. In contrast with the PLS method, which is easily affected by the noise and the size of the strain calculation window, the RPIM is insensitive to the displacement noise and the size of the support domain and can obtain a similar calculation accuracy. The RPIM with multiquadric (MQ) radial basis functions performs well in balancing the computational accuracy and efficiency and is insensitive to shape parameters. The application cases show that the method can effectively compute the strain field at the crack tip, validating its applicability to the study of the plastic region at the crack tip. In conclusion, the proposed RPIM-based method provides an accurate, practical, and robust approach for full-field strain measurements.

7.
Anal Chem ; 96(23): 9610-9620, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822784

RESUMO

The emerging field of nanoscale infrared (nano-IR) offers label-free molecular contrast, yet its imaging speed is limited by point-by-point traverse acquisition of a three-dimensional (3D) data cube. Here, we develop a spatial-spectral network (SS-Net), a miniaturized deep-learning model, together with compressive sampling to accelerate the nano-IR imaging. The compressive sampling is performed in both the spatial and spectral domains to accelerate the imaging process. The SS-Net is trained to learn the mapping from small nano-IR image patches to the corresponding spectra. With this elaborated mapping strategy, the training can be finished quickly within several minutes using the subsampled data, eliminating the need for a large-labeled dataset of common deep learning methods. We also designed an efficient loss function, which incorporates the image and spectral similarity to enhance the training. We first validate the SS-Net on an open stimulated Raman-scattering dataset; the results exhibit the potential of 10-fold imaging speed improvement with state-of-the-art performance. We then demonstrate the versatility of this approach on atomic force microscopy infrared (AFM-IR) microscopy with 7-fold imaging speed improvement, even on nanoscale Fourier transform infrared (nano-FTIR) microscopy with up to 261.6 folds faster imaging speed. We further showcase the generalization of this method on AFM-force volume-based multiparametric nanoimaging. This method establishes a paradigm for rapid nano-IR imaging, opening new possibilities for cutting-edge research in materials, photonics, and beyond.

8.
Small ; : e2403079, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829022

RESUMO

Phosphate-based electrolyte propels the advanced battery system with high safety. Unfortunately, restricted by poor electrochemical stability, it is difficult to be compatible with advanced lithium metal anodes and Ni-rich cathodes. To alleviate these issues, the study has developed a phosphate-based localized high-concentration electrolyte with a nitrate-driven solvation structure, and the nitrate-derived N-rich inorganic interface shows excellent performance in stabilizing the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) cathode interface and modulating the lithium deposition morphology on the anode. The results show that the Li|| NCM811 cell has exceptional long-cycle stability of >80% capacity retention after 800 cycles at 4.3 V, 1 C. A more prominent capacity retention rate of 93.3% after 200 cycles can be reached with the high voltage of 4.5 V. While being compatible with the phosphate-based electrolyte with good flame retardancy and the good electrochemical stability of Ni-rich lithium metal battery (LMBs) systems, the present work expands the construction of anion-rich solvation structures, which is expected to promote the development of the high-performance LMBs with safety.

9.
Obes Surg ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common reproductive endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. It is difficult for patients with PCOS to achieve weight loss with conventional treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate weight loss and changes in hypothalamic-pituitary axis hormone levels in patients with PCOS combined with obesity after sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 12 patients without PCOS and 24 patients with PCOS who underwent bariatric surgery at Beijing Luhe hospital from 2020 to 2022 was performed. The study assessed the changes in body weight and hormonal indexes of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis before and six months after the surgery. RESULTS: Patients with PCOS experienced greater weight loss compared to those without the condition. Following surgery, individuals with PCOS showed lower levels of postoperative testosterone, prolactin, and free testosterone indices compared to preoperative levels. Additionally, postoperative LH and FSH levels were higher than preoperative levels. Analysis of thyroid axis hormone levels revealed that FT3 and TSH levels were notably reduced in patients with PCOS postoperatively. Furthermore, growth hormone levels were found to be elevated in patients with PCOS following surgery. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery enhances hormone levels in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis in women with PCOS, leading to greater improvements in patients with PCOS compared to those with simple obesity.

11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13239, 2024 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853172

RESUMO

Image segmentation techniques play a vital role in aiding COVID-19 diagnosis. Multi-threshold image segmentation methods are favored for their computational simplicity and operational efficiency. Existing threshold selection techniques in multi-threshold image segmentation, such as Kapur based on exhaustive enumeration, often hamper efficiency and accuracy. The whale optimization algorithm (WOA) has shown promise in addressing this challenge, but issues persist, including poor stability, low efficiency, and accuracy in COVID-19 threshold image segmentation. To tackle these issues, we introduce a Latin hypercube sampling initialization-based multi-strategy enhanced WOA (CAGWOA). It incorporates a COS sampling initialization strategy (COSI), an adaptive global search approach (GS), and an all-dimensional neighborhood mechanism (ADN). COSI leverages probability density functions created from Latin hypercube sampling, ensuring even solution space coverage to improve the stability of the segmentation model. GS widens the exploration scope to combat stagnation during iterations and improve segmentation efficiency. ADN refines convergence accuracy around optimal individuals to improve segmentation accuracy. CAGWOA's performance is validated through experiments on various benchmark function test sets. Furthermore, we apply CAGWOA alongside similar methods in a multi-threshold image segmentation model for comparative experiments on lung X-ray images of infected patients. The results demonstrate CAGWOA's superiority, including better image detail preservation, clear segmentation boundaries, and adaptability across different threshold levels.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/virologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Animais , Baleias , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
12.
Opt Express ; 32(12): 21160-21174, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859477

RESUMO

Significant progress has been made in addressing turbulence distortion in recent years, but persistent challenges remain. Firstly, existing methods heavily rely on fully supervised optimization strategies and synthetic datasets, posing difficulties in effectively utilizing unlabeled real data for training. Secondly, most approaches construct networks in a straightforward manner, overlooking the representation model of phase distortion and point spread function (PSF) in spatial and channel dimensions. This oversight restricts the potential for distortion correction. To address these challenges, this paper proposes a semi-supervised atmospheric turbulence correction method based on the mean-teacher framework. Our approach imposes constraints on the unlabeled data of student networks using pseudo-labels generated by teacher networks, thereby enhancing the generalization ability by leveraging information from unlabeled data. Furthermore, we introduce to use no-reference image quality assessment criterion to select the most reliable pseudo-label for each unlabeled sample by predicting physical parameters that indicating the level of degradation. Additionally, we propose to combine sliding window-based self-attention with channel attention to facilitate local-global context interaction. This design is inspired by the representation of phase distortion and PSF, which can be characterized by coefficients and basis functions corresponding to the channel-wise representation of convolutional neural network features. Moreover, the base functions exhibit spatial correlation, akin to Zenike and Airy disks. Experimental results show that the proposed method surpasses state-of-the-art models.

13.
Opt Express ; 32(12): 21795-21805, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859525

RESUMO

Due to the high cost, low-performance lasers and detectors in the mid-infrared (MIR) band, the development of MIR-integrated devices is very slow. Here, we demonstrate an effective method to characterize the parameters of MIR devices by using frequency conversion technology. We designed and fabricated rib waveguides and the micro-ring resonators (MRRs) on a silicon-on-sapphire platform. The MIR laser for the test is generated by difference frequency generation, and the transmission spectrum of the MIR-MRRs is detected by sum frequency generation. The experimental results show that the waveguide transmission loss is 4.5 dB/cm and the quality factor of the micro-ring reaches 38000, which is in good agreement with the numerical simulations. This work provides a useful method to characterize MIR integrated devices based on the frequency conversion technique, which can boost the development of MIR integrated optics in the future.

14.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848248

RESUMO

Based on the FLAURA and AURA III trials, compared to first- and second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), osimertinib provides a longer overall survival benefit for patients with untreated EGFR mutated non-small cell lung cancer. Similar to other EGFR-TKIs, drug resistance is, however, inevitable. The most common mechanism of acquired resistance to first-line osimertinib therapy is the C797S mutation, which accounts for 6% of cases. In view of the current challenges of the development of the next generation of EGFR inhibitors, the mechanism of third-generation targeted drug resistances and targeted strategies are key for further exploration. Our case report discusses a female patient with advanced lung adenocarcinoma carrying the EGFR exon19 E746_A750delinsIP mutation who received osimertinib as first-line therapy and acquired C797S resistance during treatment. The patient was then treated with icotinib for 8 months until the disease progressed. Icotinib may be effective in patients with the EGFR 19del-C797S resistant mutation acquired after osimertinib treatment.

15.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816625

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are abundant hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in cord blood. It is known that HSCs continue to differentiate to CLP, CMP and erythroid progenitor cells (EPC), EPC ultimately differentiated to platelets and erythrocytes. It has been reported that the proportion of HSCs in cord blood was higher than that in healthy pregnant women, so as the incidence of neonatal polycythemia in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients. We aimed to investigate whether the hyperglycemic and/or hyperinsulin environment in GDM patients has effects on the differentiation of HSCs into erythrocytes in offspring cord blood. METHODS: In this study, we collected cord blood from 23 GDM patients and 52 healthy pregnant women at delivery. HSCs, CLP, CMP and EPCs in cord blood of the two groups were identified and quantified by flow cytometry. HSCs were sorted out and treated with glucose and insulin, respectively, and then, the changes of HSCs proliferation and differentiation were detected. RESULTS: Compared to healthy controls, HSCs, CMP and EPC numbers in cord blood from GDM group were significantly increased, while CLP cell number was decreased. The differentiation of HSCs into EPC was promoted after treatment with glucose or insulin. CONCLUSION: There were more HSCs in the cord blood of GDM group, and the differentiation of HSCs to EPCs was increased. These findings were probably caused by the high-glucose microenvironment and insulin medication in GDM patients, and the HSCs differentiation changes might be influencing factors of the high incidence of neonatal erythrocytosis in GDM patients.

16.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(5): 1291-1300, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38817277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), a marker of immune-nutrition balance, has predictive value for the survival and prognosis of patients with various cancers. AIM: To explore the clinical significance of the preoperative PNI on the prognosis of ampullary adenocarcinoma (AC) patients who underwent curative pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: The data concerning 233 patients diagnosed with ACs were extracted and analyzed at our institution from January 1998 to December 2020. All patients were categorized into low and high PNI groups based on the cutoff value determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. We compared disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between these groups and assessed prognostic factors through univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The optimal cutoff value for the PNI was established at 45.3. Patients with a PNI ≥ 45.3 were categorized into the PNI-high group, while those with a PNI < 45.3 were assigned to the PNI-low group. Patients within the PNI-low group tended to be of advanced age and exhibited higher levels of aspartate transaminase and total bilirubin and a lower creatinine level than were those in the PNI-high group. The 5-year OS rates for patients with a PNI ≥ 45.3 and a PNI < 45.3 were 61.8% and 43.4%, respectively, while the 5-year DFS rates were 53.5% and 38.3%, respectively. Patients in the PNI- low group had shorter OS (P = 0.006) and DFS (P = 0.012). In addition, multivariate analysis revealed that the PNI, pathological T stage and pathological N stage were found to be independent prognostic factors for both OS and DFS. CONCLUSION: The PNI is a straightforward and valuable marker for predicting long-term survival after pancreatoduodenectomy. The PNI should be incorporated into the standard assessment of patients with AC.

17.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 12870-12884, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727063

RESUMO

Epirubicin (EPI) alone can trigger mildly protective autophagy in residual tumor cells, resulting in an immunosuppressive microenvironment. This accelerates the recurrence of residual tumors and leads to antiprogrammed death ligand 1 (anti-PD-1)/PD-L1 therapy resistance, posing a significant clinical challenge in tumor immunotherapy. The combination of checkpoint inhibitors targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway and amplifying autophagy presents an innovative approach to tumor treatment, which can prevent tumor immune escape and enhance therapeutic recognition. Herein, we aimed to synthesize a redox-triggered autophagy-induced nanoplatform with SA&EA-induced PD-L1 inhibition. The hyaluronic acid (HA) skeleton and arginine segment promoted active nanoplatform targeting, cell uptake, and penetration. The PLGLAG peptide was cleaved by overexpressing matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the tumor microenvironment, and the PD-L1 inhibitor D-PPA was released to inhibit tumor immune escape. The intense autophagy inducers, STF-62247 and EPI, were released owing to the cleavage of disulfide bonds influenced by the high glutathione (GSH) concentration in tumor cells. The combination of EPI and STF induced apoptosis and autophagic cell death, effectively eliminating a majority of tumor cells. This indicated that the SA&EA nanoplatform has better therapeutic efficacy than the single STF@AHMPP and EPI@AHMPTP groups. This research provided a way to set up a redox-triggered autophagy-induced nanoplatform with PD-L1 inhibition to enhance chemo-immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Antígeno B7-H1 , Imunoterapia , Nanopartículas , Oxirredução , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais
18.
J Neurol Surg B Skull Base ; 85(3): 234-240, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721366

RESUMO

Background Studies on basilar artery occlusion are relatively few compared with those of anterior circulation stroke. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with basilar artery occlusion classified as large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and cardioembolism (CE), and to analyze the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of EVT. Methods A total of 123 people were assigned to the LAA and CE groups (97 to the LAA and 26 to the CE). The primary outcome was a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 2 or lower at 90 days. The primary safety outcome was mortality at 90 days. Secondary safety endpoints included the rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and reinfarction. Multiple logistic regression was used to screen out independent risk factors for EVT prognosis of the LAA and CE groups. Results In the analysis, the patients with LAA stroke had better collateral circulation (American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional Radiology [SIR] score of 2-4; 61.9 vs. 19.2%, p = 0.000), and higher angioplasty rate (32.0 vs. 3.8%, p = 0.002). The proportions of patients with a 90-day mRS score of 0 to 2 and 90-day mortality were not found to be statistically significant between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that age, SIR, white blood cell, blood glucose, and modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction were independent risk factors for the poor prognosis of EVT in the LAA group. Conclusion Although there were differences in clinical characteristics and imaging features between LAA and CE, there was no evidence of a significant difference in prognosis after EVT. In addition, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was not among the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of the LAA group.

19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4493, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802342

RESUMO

Abscisic acid (ABA) plays a crucial role in promoting plant stress resistance and seed dormancy. However, how ABA regulates rice quality remains unclear. This study identifies a key transcription factor SLR1-like2 (SLRL2), which mediates the ABA-regulated amylose content (AC) of rice. Mechanistically, SLRL2 interacts with NF-YB1 to co-regulate Wx, a determinant of AC and rice quality. In contrast to SLR1, SLRL2 is ABA inducible but insensitive to GA. In addition, SLRL2 exhibits DNA-binding activity and directly regulates the expression of Wx, bHLH144 and MFT2. SLRL2 competes with NF-YC12 for interaction with NF-YB1. NF-YB1 also directly represses SLRL2 transcription. Genetic validation supports that SLRL2 functions downstream of NF-YB1 and bHLH144 in regulating rice AC. Thus, an NF-YB1-SLRL2-bHLH144 regulatory module is successfully revealed. Furthermore, SLRL2 regulates rice dormancy by modulating the expression of MFT2. In conclusion, this study revealed an ABA-responsive regulatory cascade that functions in both rice quality and seed dormancy.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza , Dormência de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Dormência de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Amilose/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
20.
JACC Asia ; 4(5): 345-358, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765662

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has increasing challenges for human health with an increasingly aging population worldwide, imposing a significant obstacle to the goal of healthy aging. Rapid advancements in our understanding of biological aging process have shed new light on some important insights to aging-related diseases. Although numerous reviews delved into the mechanisms through which biological aging affects CVD and age-related diseases, most of these reviews relied heavily on research related to cellular and molecular processes often observed from animal experiments. Few reviews have provided insights that connect hypotheses regarding the biological aging process with the observed patterns of chronological aging-related impacts on CVD in human populations. The purpose of this review is to highlight some of the major questions in studies of aging-related CVD and provide our perspectives in the context of real-world patterns of CVD with multidimensional information and potential biological insights.

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