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1.
J Dent Sci ; 17(1): 551-559, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028083

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Immunotherapy has become a research hotspot and is used for head and neck cancer treatment. This research aims to explore the prognostic value of PYHIN1 in oral cancer and the relationship between PYHIN1 and cancer immunity. Materials and methods: The expression of PYHIN1 in clinical specimens was evaluated by bioinformatics analyses and immunohistochemistry. Results: Gene ontology term enrichment analyses and gene set enrichment analyses showed the involvement of PYHIN1 in the modulation of adaptive immunity-associated signaling according to The Cancer Genome Atlas database and Gene Expression Omnibus dataset. Interestingly, the correlation analyses in The Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed a positive correlation between PYHIN1 expression and activated CD8+ T cells infiltration and a negative correlation between PYHIN1 expression and tumor purity. Moreover, activated CD8+ T cells infiltration predicted good patient survival and was negatively correlated with tumor purity. Importantly, PYHIN1 expression was negatively correlated with the pathological stage and was positively associated with a good prognosis in patients with oral cancer. The data obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus dataset and immunohistochemistry confirmed the positive association between PYHIN1 and CD8+ T cells infiltration in oral cancer tissues. Conclusion: We conclude that PYHIN1 is an indicator of cancer immunity, and is an independent prognostic factor that may be an alternative target for oral cancer treatment.

2.
Bioengineered ; 13(1): 1828-1837, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012431

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (Lnc-NEAT1) is a crucial mediator in cancer progression, which is associated with poor prognosis of patients with laryngeal papilloma (LP). Herein, we aimed to determine how Lnc-NEAT1 promotes LP development. q-PCR, MTT, EDU and Western blotting were performed to determine that Lnc-NEAT1 facilitates LP cell proliferation and hinders cell apoptosis. LncBase database, q-PCR, GEPIA online database, Dual luciferase reporter and RIP assays were utilized to confirm that Lnc-NEAT1 sponged miR-577/miR-1224-5p and negatively mediated CCNT2. Western blotting, MTT and EDU were used to confirm that Lnc-NEAT1 promoted LP cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis through CCNT2. Lnc-NEAT1 was highly expressed in LP, and enhanced LP cell proliferation, and it was inhibited by Lnc-NEAT1 depleting. Concerning the underlying mechanism, it was found that Lnc-NEAT1 could functionally sponge microRNA-577 (miR-577) and microRNA-1224-5p (miR-1224-5p) and up-regulate Cyclin T2 (CCNT2) in LP cells. Notably, CCNT2 knockdown blocked Lnc-NEAT1-induced LP cell proliferation, and rescued cell apoptosis, which was specifically indicated by restoration of Bax, Cleaved caspase 3 and Cleaved caspase 9. Lnc-NEAT1 played a carcinogenic role in LP through mediating miR-577 or miR-1224-5p/CCNT2 axis, which may provide promising insights for the treatment of LP.

3.
Mol Ther ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017116

RESUMO

Endocytosis of cell surface receptors is essential for cell migration and cancer metastasis. Rab5, a small GTPases of Rab family, is a key regulator of endosome dynamics and thus cell migration, however, how its activity is regulated yet remains to be addressed. Here, we identified a Rab5 inhibitor, a long non-coding RNA namely HITT (HIF-1α inhibitor at translation level). Our data show that HITT expression is inversely associated with advanced stages and poorly prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients with area under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve (AUC) 0.6473. Further study reveals that both endogenous and exogenous HITT inhibits single cell migration by repressing ß1 integrin endocytosis in lung adenocarcinoma. Mechanistically, HITT is physically associated with Rab5 at switch I via 1248-1347nt and suppresses ß1 integrin endocytosis and subsequent cancer metastasis by interfering with guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for Rab5 binding. Collectively, these findings suggest that HITT directly participates in the regulation of Rab5 activity, leading to a decreased integrin internalization and cancer metastasis, which provides important insights into a mechanistic understanding of endocytosis and cancer metastasis.

4.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 29, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal insufficiency (RI) is a frequent comorbidity among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to evaluate the attributable risk associated with mild RI for the in-hospital outcomes in patients with ACS. METHODS: The Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-ACS (CCC-ACS) Project was a collaborative study of the American Heart Association and the Chinese Society of Cardiology. A total of 92,509 inpatients with a discharge diagnosis of ACS were included. The attributable risk was calculated to investigate the effect of mild RI (eGFR 60-89 ml / min · 1.73 m2) on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) during hospitalization. RESULTS: The average age of these ACS patients was 63 years, and 73.9% were men. The proportion of patients with mild RI was 36.17%. After adjusting for other possible risk factors, mild RI was still an independent risk factor for MACEs in ACS patients. In the ACS patients, the attributable risk of eGFR 60-89ml/min·1.73m2 to MACEs was 7.78%, 4.69% of eGFR 45-59 ml/min·1.73m2, 4.46% of eGFR 30-44 ml/min·1.73m2, and 3.36% of eGFR<30 ml/min·1.73m2. CONCLUSION: Compared with moderate to severe RI, mild RI has higher attributable risk to MACEs during hospitalization in Chinese ACS population.

5.
J Diabetes ; 14(1): 64-72, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a common complication in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Multiple factors are involved in the development and progress of atherosclerosis. We evaluated the association of weekly sedentary time (WST) with carotid plaque formation. METHODS: After data cleaning, a total of 26 664 participants with T2DM from 10 National Metabolic Management Centers (MMCs) from June 2017 to April 2021 were enrolled. Self-reported lifestyle data including WST, sleeping time, smoking and drinking information, carotid artery ultrasound, and biochemical parameters were obtained. The independent association of carotid plaue with sedentary and other lifestyle behaviors was evaluated using multivariable logistic regression models, and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were reported. Moreover, stratified analysis was conducted to demonstrate the influence of confounding factors. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 54.0 (11.6) years, and the median (interquartile range) WST was 35.0 (21.0, 42.0) h. Comparing with participants in the first tertile of WST, those in the second or third tertile of WST were younger and with a shorter duration of diabetes. There were positive associations between longer sedentary time and odds of artery plaque after adjustment, with corresponding ORs in the second and third tertile were 1.40 (95% CI: 1.31-1.50) and 1.67 (95% CI: 1.56-1.79), respectively. However, the effect of WST on plaque in patients aged 18-40 years old had no statistical significance; the p value in the third tertile was 0.163. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, higher WST appears to be associated with higher prevalence of carotid plaque in patients with T2DM, especially in aged populations.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 2022 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35066901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the main cause of death and disability in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Both the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Grace) score and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were associated with prognosis in patients with AMI. However, whether the addition of the hs-CRP to Grace risk score could improve the predictive power of Grace risk score on the prognosis of patients with AMI is unclear. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the inclusion of hs-CRP in the Grace risk score could improve the ability to correctly distinguish the occurrence of in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 1804 patients with AMI in the final analysis. Patients were divided into four groups by hs-CRP quartiles. The relation between hs-CRP and Grace risk score was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation. Logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors. The predictive value of hs-CRP add to Grace risk score was evaluated by C-statistic, net reclassification improvement (NRI), integrated differentiation improvement (IDI), calibration plot, and decision curve analysis. RESULTS: The hs-CRP and Grace risk score had a significantly positive correlation (r = .191, p < .001). hs-CRP combined with Grace risk score could improve the ability of Grace risk score alone to correctly redistinguish the occurrence of in-hospital outcome (C-statistic = 0.819, p < .001; NRI = 0.05956, p = .007; IDI = 0.0757, p < .001). CONCLUSION: Admission hs-CRP level was a significant independent risk factor for in-hospital outcomes in patients with AMI. The inclusion of hs-CRP in the Grace risk score could improve the ability to correctly distinguish the occurrence of in-hospital outcomes.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(1): 12-22, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35071501

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by proliferative synovitis, which can cause cartilage and bone damage as well as functional limitations. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs have significantly improved the prognosis of RA patients. However, people with RA, when combined with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, may experience reactivation of HBV during treatment with anti-rheumatic drugs. The outcome of HBV reactivation (HBVr) varies from liver inflammation to liver failure, while insufficient HBV screening in RA patients has been reported in various countries. Therefore, it is necessary to identify patients at high risk before starting immunosuppressive therapy. The immune response plays an important role in anti-HBV infection. However, most anti-rheumatic drugs exert an inhibitory effect on the body's immune system, resulting in HBVr. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive evaluation based on host factors, viral factors, and drug factors. In this paper, we summarize the mechanism of HBVr, the risk of HBVr caused by anti-rheumatic drugs, and the appropriate diagnosis and treatment process for RA patients so that clinicians can have a more comprehensive understanding of HBVr in RA patients.

8.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(1): 133-136, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048613

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect of factors relevant to blastocyst transfer on the pregnancy outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: The clinical data of 790 pregnant women who underwent IVF-ET in our hospital from July 2015 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The pregnancy outcome of blastocysts transferred on day 5 (D5, n=705) and those transferred on day 6 (D6, n=85) were compared. According to the pregnancy outcome, the cases were divided into a live birth group ( n=322) and a non-live birth group ( n=468), and multivariate logistic regression was conducted to study the effect of factors relevant to blastocyst transfer on the live birth outcome of IVF-ET. Results: In the D5 group, the biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of blastocyst transfer were 69.93%, 64.96%, and 41.84%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the D6 group at 50.59%, 45.88%, and 30.59%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the miscarriage rate between the D5 group and the D6 group ( P>0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that age>35 years, years of infertility>5 years, endometrium thickness<9 mm on the day of blastocyst transfer, trophoblast cell rating of C, blastocyst transfer performed on D6, and multiparity were all risk factors for non-live birth outcome of IVF-ET ( P<0.05). Conclusion: The adverse pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET were found to be associated with age, duration of infertility, endometrial thickness on the day of to blastocyst transfer, trophoblast cell rating, and blastocyst transfer performed after how many days of embryo development, and multiparity, which should be closely monitored, and effective measures should be adopted accordingly to prevent adverse outcomes of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Blastocisto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Diabetes ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the different efficacies of glycemic control between basal and premixed insulin in participants with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) when non-insulin medications fail to reach treatment targets. METHODS: This was a prospective, large-scale, real-world study at 10 diabetes centers in China. Between June 2017 and June 2021, we enrolled 1104 T2DM participants initiated with either once-daily basal insulin or twice-daily premixed insulin when the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control target was not met after at least two non-insulin agents were administered. A Cox proportional hazards regression model adjusting for multiple influencing factors was performed to compare the different effects of basal and premixed insulin on reaching the HbA1c control target. RESULTS: At baseline, basal insulin (57.3%) was prescribed more frequently than premixed insulin (42.7%). Patients with a higher body mass index (BMI) or higher HbA1c levels were more likely to receive premixed insulin than basal insulin (both p < 0.001). After a median follow-up of 12.0 months, compared to those with premixed insulin, the hazard ratio for reaching the HbA1c target to those with basal insulin was 1.10 (95% CI, 0.92-1.31; p = 0.29) after adjustment, and less weight gain was observed in those with basal insulin than with premixed insulin (percentage change of BMI from baseline -0.37[5.50]% vs 3.40[6.73]%, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this real-world study, once-daily basal insulin was more frequently prescribed and had similar glycemic control effects but less weight gain compared with twice-daily premixed insulin when used as initiation therapy for those in whom glycemic control with non-insulin medications failed.

10.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 10, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35033179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AK098656 may be an adverse factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), especially in patients with hypertension. This study aimed to analyze the effect of AK098656 on CHD and CHD with various complications. METHODS: A total of 117 CHD patients and 27 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Plasma AK098656 expression was determined using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Student's t-test was used to compare AK098656 expression levels in different groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to quantify the discrimination ability between CHD patients and health controls and between CHD and CHD + complications patients. The relationship between AK098656 and coronary stenosis was analyzed using Spearman's correlation. RESULTS: AK098656 expression was remarkably higher in CHD patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.03). The ROC curve revealed an effective predictive AK098656 expression value for CHD risk, with an AUC of 0.656 (95% CI 0.501-0.809). Moreover, AK098656 expression was increased in CHD + complications patients compared to CHD patients alone (P = 0.005), especially in patients with hypertension (CHD + hHTN, P = 0.030). The ROC curve revealed a predictive AK098656 prognostic value for discriminating between CHD and CHD + hHTN patients, with an AUC of 0.666 (95% CI 0.528-0.805). There was no significant difference in AK098656 expression in CHD patients with diabetes mellitus compared to CHD patients alone. In addition, AK098656 expression in CHD patients was positively correlated with stenosis severity (R = 0.261, P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: AK098656 expression was significantly increased in patients with CHD, especially those with hypertension, and its expression level was positively correlated with the degree of coronary stenosis. This implied that AK098656 may be a risk factor for CHD and can potentially be applied in clinical diagnosis or provide a novel target for treatment.

11.
Cell Transplant ; 31: 9636897211073127, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045747

RESUMO

Islets have a high demand for oxygen and most of them will die of hypoxia injury before and after transplantation. Hypoxic damage is one of the key factors associated with islet graft dysfunction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have multiple functions and can enhance the therapeutic effect of islet transplantation. In this study, islets were cultured together with or without MSCs derived from umbilical cord (hUC-MSCs) under normal and hypoxic conditions. The effect of hUC-MSCs on the survival and function of isolated islets was detected by immunofluorescence and ELISA. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) and PFKFB3 mRNA and protein expression in different conditions were tested by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western Blot. The islets co-cultured with hUC-MSCs have improved viability and function compared with islets cultured alone. The mRNA transcription of HIF-1α in the co-cultured group increased. The protein expression of PFKFB3 increased with the increase of HIF-1α. This study found that hUC-MSCs could protect islets from dysfunction caused by hypoxia, and HIF-1α/PFKFB3 played an important role in hypoxic resistance, suggesting a potential strategy to improve the outcome of islet transplantation.

12.
Comput Biol Med ; 142: 105181, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016099

RESUMO

The artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) has been successfully applied to various optimization problems, but the algorithm still suffers from slow convergence and poor quality of optimal solutions in the optimization process. Therefore, in this paper, an improved ABC (CCABC) based on a horizontal search mechanism and a vertical search mechanism is proposed to improve the algorithm's performance. In addition, this paper also presents a multilevel thresholding image segmentation (MTIS) method based on CCABC to enhance the effectiveness of the multilevel thresholding image segmentation method. To verify the performance of the proposed CCABC algorithm and the performance of the improved image segmentation method. First, this paper demonstrates the performance of the CCABC algorithm itself by comparing CCABC with 15 algorithms of the same type using 30 benchmark functions. Then, this paper uses the improved multi-threshold segmentation method for the segmentation of COVID-19 X-ray images and compares it with other similar plans in detail. Finally, this paper confirms that the incorporation of CCABC in MTIS is very effective by analyzing appropriate evaluation criteria and affirms that the new MTIS method has a strong segmentation performance.

13.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 13, 2022 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35039035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recaticimab (SHR-1209, a humanized monoclonal antibody against PCSK9) showed robust LDL-C reduction in healthy volunteers. This study aimed to further assess the efficacy and safety of recaticimab in patients with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1b/2 trial, patients receiving stable dose of atorvastatin with an LDL-C level of 2.6 mmol/L or higher were randomized in a ratio of 5:1 to subcutaneous injections of recaticimab or placebo at different doses and schedules. Patients were recruited in the order of 75 mg every 4 weeks (75Q4W), 150Q8W, 300Q12W, 150Q4W, 300Q8W, and 450Q12W. The primary endpoint was percentage change in LDL-C from the baseline to end of treatment (i.e., at week 16 for Q4W and Q8W schedule and at week 24 for Q12W schedule). RESULTS: A total of 91 patients were enrolled and received recaticimab and 19 received placebo. The dose of background atorvastatin in all 110 patients was 10 or 20 mg/day. The main baseline LDL-C ranged from 3.360 to 3.759 mmol/L. The least-squares mean percentage reductions in LDL-C from baseline to end of treatment relative to placebo for recaticimab groups at different doses and schedules ranged from -48.37 to -59.51%. No serious treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred. The most common TEAEs included upper respiratory tract infection, increased alanine aminotransferase, increased blood glucose, and increased gamma-glutamyltransferase. CONCLUSION: Recaticimab as add-on to moderate-intensity statin therapy significantly and substantially reduced the LDL-C level with an infrequent administration schedule (even given once every 12 weeks), compared with placebo. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov , number NCT03944109.

14.
Talanta ; 239: 123129, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896820

RESUMO

Mucin 1 (MUC1) overexpression in tumor cells is related to various cancers, including breast, stomach, and lung cancer. MUC1 detection and imaging are important for cancer localization in tissue sections to support histopathological diagnosis. In this study, we developed a simple, enzyme-free MUC1 detection and in situ imaging method. Three hairpin probes, Apt-trigger, HP1-FAM, and HP2, were designed for MUC1 recognition and hybridization chain reaction (HCR). The Apt-trigger probe was composed of two sequences: the MUC1 aptamer and HCR trigger sequence. The 5' end of the HP1-FAM probe was modified with a FAM signal molecule. In the presence of MUC1, the aptamer sequence is activated and bound to MUC1, which opens the hairpin structure. Then, the trigger sequence gets exposed and, complementary to HP1-FAM, triggers a continuous HCR process. This method was successfully used to detect MUC1 of 200 pM-25 nM and MUC1 in situ imaging in specific cells, such as human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) and human colon cancer (HT-29) cells.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Mucina-1 , Humanos , Mucina-1/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(2): 872-882, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932330

RESUMO

Mechanically interlocked networks (MINs) have emerged as an encouraging platform for the development of mechanically robust yet adaptive materials. However, the difficulty in reversibly breaking the mechanical bonds poses a real challenge to MINs as customizable and sustainable materials. Herein, we couple the vitrimer chemistry with mechanically interlocked structures to generate a new class of MINs─referred to as mechanically interlocked vitrimers (MIVs)─to address the challenge. Specifically, we have prepared the acetoacetate-decorated [2]rotaxane that undergoes catalyst-free condensation reaction with two commercially available multiamine monomers to furnish MIVs. Compared with the control whose wheels are nonslidable under applied force, our MIVs with slidable mechanically interlocked motifs showcase enhanced mechanical performance including Young's modulus (18.5 ± 0.9 vs 1.0 ± 0.1 MPa), toughness (3.7 ± 0.1 vs 0.9 ± 0.1 MJ/m3), and damping capacity (98% vs 72%). The structural basis behind unique property profiles is demonstrated to be the force-induced host-guest dissociation and consequential intramolecular sliding of the wheels along the axles. The peculiar behaviors represent a consecutive energy dissipation mechanism, which provides a complement to other pathways that mainly depend on the breaking of sacrificial bonds. Moreover, by virtue of the vitrimer chemistry of vinylogous urethanes, we impart reprocessability and chemical recyclability to the MINs, thereby empowering the reconfiguration of the networks without breaking of the mechanical bonds. Finally, it is disclosed that the intramolecular motions of [2]rotaxanes could accelerate the dynamic exchange of the vinylogous urethane bonds via loosening the network, suggestive of a synergistic effect between the dual dynamic entities.

16.
Food Chem ; 366: 130605, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311239

RESUMO

The Citrus genus is a good source of dietary flavonoids, which have many health benefits. As a representative citrus fruit, the flavonoids composition in Shatianyu (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck) pulp remains to be investigated. In the present study, 11 flavonoids were isolated and identified from Shatianyu pulp flavonoid extracts (SPFEs). Among them, 4 flavonoids were previously undescribed and 2 flavonoids were firstly isolated from pummelo. The cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of isolated compounds were evaluated. Naringin and rhoifolin showed the highest ORAC activity, and the presence of a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl or a 4'-glucose decreased the ORAC activity of flavonoids. The contribution of isolated flavonoids to the holistic antioxidant activity of SPFEs was determined by an online knockout method. Melitidin, bergamjuicin and naringin contributed most to ORAC activity, while bergamjuicin, melitidin and apigenin-4'-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-7-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-[6″-O-(3- hydroxy-3-methylgltaryl)]-ß-d-glucopyranoside contributed most to CAA activity.


Assuntos
Citrus , Antioxidantes , Flavonoides , Extratos Vegetais , Polifenóis
17.
Reproduction ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866594

RESUMO

Endometriosis (EMS) is a chronic benign inflammatory disease characterized by the growth of endometrial-like tissue in aberrant locations outside of the uterine cavity. Angiogenesis and abnormal immune responses are the fundamental requirements of endometriotic lesion survival in the peritoneal cavity. Follistatin-like I (FSTL1) is a secreted glycoprotein that exhibits varied expression levels in cardiovascular disease, cancer and arthritis. However, the role of FSTL1 in the development of EMS remains to be fully elucidated. Results of the present study demonstrated that the expression of FSTL1 was significantly increased in ectopic endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and peritoneal fluid from patients with EMS, compared the control group. Both conditions of hypoxia and estrogen treatment induced human ESCs to produce increased levels of FSTL1 and disco-interacting protein 2 homolog A (DIP2A). Furthermore, the expression levels of DIP2A, IL-8 and IL-1ß were increased in FSTL1 overexpressed HESCs. Additionally, FSTL1 treatment increased the proliferation of HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner in vitro, and markedly increased the tube formation of HUVECs. Moreover, treatment with FSTL1 facilitated M1 polarization of macrophages, increased the secretion of proinflammatory factors and inhibited the expression of scavenger receptor CD36. Results of the present study suggested that the elevated expression of FSTL1 may play a key role in accelerating the development of EMS via enhancing the secretion of proinflammatory factors and promoting angiogenesis.

18.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 762673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869592

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Atherosclerosis is the main pathological basis of cardiovascular diseases and it is closely associated with hyperlipidemia, endothelial injury, macrophage-derived foam cells formation, proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), platelet aggregation, and altered gut microbiota. Various symptomatic treatments, that are currently used to inhibit atherosclerosis, need to be administered in long term and their adverse effects cannot be ignored. Berberine (BBR) has beneficial effects on atherosclerosis through regulating multiple aspects of its progression. This review highlights the recent advances in understanding the anti-atherosclerosis mechanism of BBR. BBR alleviated atherosclerosis by attenuation of dyslipidemia, correction of endothelial dysfunction, inhibition of macrophage inflammation and foam cell formation, activation of macrophage autophagy, regulation of the proliferation and migration of VSMCs, attenuation of platelet aggregation, and modulation of gut microbiota. This review would provide a modern scientific perspective to further understanding the molecular mechanism of BBR attenuating atherosclerosis and supply new ideas for atherosclerosis management.

19.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 696142, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887880

RESUMO

Sweet potato decays easily due to its high respiration rate and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation during postharvest storage. In this study, we explored the relationship between antioxidant capacity in leaves and storage properties in different sweet potato cultivars, the tuberous roots of 10 sweet potato cultivars were used as the experimental materials to analyze the storage property during storage at 11-15°C. According to the decay percentage after 290 days of storage, Xu 32 was defined as a storage-tolerant cultivar (rot percentage less than 25%); Xu 55-2, Z 15-1, Shangshu 19, Yushu, and Zhezi 3 as above-moderate storage-tolerant cultivars (rot percentage ranging from 25 to 50%); Sushu 16, Yanshu 5, and Hanzi as medium-storable cultivars (rot percentage 50-75%); and Yan 25 as a storage-sensitive cultivar (rot percentage greater than 75%). Meanwhile, analysis of the α-amylase activity in root tubers of the 10 sweet potato cultivars during storage indicated that α-amylase activity was lowest in the storage-tolerant cultivar Xu 32 and highest in the storage-sensitive cultivar Yan 25. Evaluation of antioxidant enzyme activities and ROS content in the leaves of these 10 cultivars demonstrated that cultivar Xu 32, which showed the best storage property, had higher antioxidant enzyme activity [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and peroxidase (POD)] but lower lipoxygenase (LOX) activity, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, and superoxide anion radical (O2⋅-) production rates compared with those of the storage-sensitive cultivar Yan 25 and the medium-storability cultivars Hanzi, Yanshu 5, and Sushu 16. Additionally, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that sweet potato cultivars with different storage properties were clustered separately. Correlation and heat map analysis further indicated that CAT, APX, POD, and SOD activities were negatively correlated with α-amylase activity, while LOX activity and MDA and H2O2 contents were negatively correlated with the storage property of sweet potato. Combined, our findings revealed that storage property is highly correlated with antioxidant capacity in sweet potato leaves and negatively correlated with α-amylase activity in tuberous roots, which provides a convenient means for the screening of storage-tolerant sweet potato cultivars.

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