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1.
Am J Med Genet A ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818875

RESUMO

Feingold syndrome type 2 (FGLDS2, MIM614326) is a genetic congenital malformation syndrome, caused by germline heterozygous deletion of MIR17HG on chromosome 13q31, which is extremely rare worldwide. To date, less than 25 patients have been described in the literature. Here, we report on a 3-year-old girl presented with hip dysplasia, polysyndactyly of the left thumb, brachymesophalangy of the fifth digit, microcephaly, intellectual disability, and growth delay. This is likely to be the first case of Feingold syndrome type 2 ever discovered among Chinese population. Through genetic testing and pedigree analysis, she was identified to have a de novo 4.8-Mb microdeletion at chromosome 13q31.3-q32.1, encompassing MIR17HG, GPC5, and GPC6. Additionally, we detected two common compound heterozygous variants (c.919-2A>G and c.147C>G) in SLC26A4 encoding pendrin protein, as well as a novel heterozygous variant c.985_988del in COMP encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. This case report aims to analyze the microdeletion and the three types of variant detected in the patient, and to explore the association between the genotype and phenotype in patients with Feingold syndrome type 2, which may contribute to further understanding and future diagnosis of this disorder.

2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 100, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1) is associated with carcinogenesis and tumor growth in several types of malignancy. However, little is known about the role of DSCR1 in CRC progression. The present study aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological significance, prognostic, and function roles of DSCR1 in CRC. METHODS: Firstly, we analyzed DSCR1 expression in 58 paired CRC samples and Oncomine database. Then, we analyzed DSCR1 expression in two independent CRC cohorts (test cohort: n = 70; validation cohort: n = 58) and tested its overall survival (OS) by Kaplan-Meier survival analyses. Finally, we overexpressed DSCR1 in two CRC cell lines DLD1 and LoVo and analyzed its effect on cell cycle and senescence. RESULTS: DSCR1 expression was significantly decreased in CRC samples and associated with clinicopathologic features of CRC patients, such as tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage. CRC patients with low expression of DSCR1 had shorter overall survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that the expression of DSCR1 was significant factor for OS in both cohorts. Multiple Cox regression analysis showed that DSCR1 expression was an independent prognostic marker for OS in test cohort. Overexpression of DSCR1 isoform 4 (DSCR1-4) increased p21, p16, p-NFAT1, and p-NFAT2, while decreased CDK2, CDK4, and Cyclin D1 in CRC cells. In addition, overexpression of DSCR1-4 prevented proliferation and colony formation, and induced senescence in vitro. Moreover, overexpression of DSCR1-4 inhibited tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found high expression of DSCR1 contributes to favorable prognosis of CRC patients and prevents cell cycle and proliferation of CRC cells, indicating a critical tumor suppressive role in CRC progression.

3.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 162: 1-13, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652200

RESUMO

Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) is an economically important pseudocereal crop, which can adapt well to extreme environments, including low nitrogen (LN) stress. However, little is known regarding the associated molecular mechanisms. In this study, the molecular mechanism of Tartary buckwheat roots in response to different doses of nitrate was investigated by combining physiological changes with transcriptional regulatory network. LN improved elongation and branching of lateral roots, indicating that the plasticity of lateral roots drives the adaption of Tartary buckwheat under LN condition. The roots of the seedlings that were cultivated under four N conditions were selected for RNA-Seq analysis. In total 1686 nitrate dose-responsive genes were identified. Of these genes, 16 genes encoding N transporters showed response to N availability, and they may play important roles in N transport and root system architecture in Tartary buckwheat roots. 108 transcription factors (TFs) showed dose-response to N availability, and they may regulate N response and root growth under varied N conditions by modulating the expression of N transporters. A NIN-like protein, FtNLP7, was identified and it may contribute to the transcriptional regulation of N transporters. Furthermore, 81 N-responsive genes were identified as the small secreted peptides (SSPs). 48 N-responsive SSPs were annotated as hypothetical proteins and they may be the species-specific proteins of Tartary buckwheat. This paper provides useful information for further investigation of the mechanisms underlying the adaptation of Tartary buckwheat under N-deficient condition.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although self-expandable mental stents (SEMS) placement is the standard care for relieving obstructive jaundice caused by unresectable malignant biliary stricture, how to maintain stent potency remains an intractable problem. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) through percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) pathway in treating such patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients who were performed endobiliary RFA as well as SEMS placement because of unresectable malignant obstructive jaundice in single institution in recent 8 years were retrospectively reviewed. As comparison, patients who underwent only percutaneous SEMS placement for unresectable malignant biliary stricture during the contemporary period were reviewed. Stent patency, complications, complications, and overall survival (OS) were investigated and analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty patients who underwent endobiliary RFA and 127 patients who underwent only stent placement were included in this study. In the study group of endobiliary RFA, 87 patients (58.0%) underwent ablation for 1 time, 49 (32.7%) for 2 times, and 14 (9.3%) for 3 times. Complications related to RFA as well as SEMS placement happened in 113 patients (75.3%), without severe complications that needed emergent surgery or interventional therapy. The median duration of stent patency after ablation was 11.2 month, and the median survival time was 12.3 month. As comparison, difference was found in the number of interventional procedures and stents placed, duration of initial stent patency, and the incidence of moderate bleeding and pain. In the study group, only the type of tumor that caused biliary obstruction (intrahepatic carcinoma vs. extrahepatic carcinoma) was a poor independent factor (P = 0.035) for recurrent biliary obstruction. Repeated interventional therapy and adoption of subsequent therapy were only independent factors for OS. CONCLUSIONS: Endobiliary RFA and SEMS placement is technically safe and feasible for unresectable malignant obstructive jaundice to improve the quality of life and prolong survival.

5.
Am J Prev Med ; 60(4): 504-512, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745522

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Smoking remains a strong risk factor for premature death. This study examines the associations of nondaily smoking, daily smoking, and smoking cessation with the risks of mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. METHODS: This study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a population-based, cross-sectional study. Data analysis was conducted in the U.S. from January to October 2020. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to obtain adjusted hazard ratios. RESULTS: During 255,100 person-years of follow-up, 2,008 participants died (347 from cardiovascular diseases and 501 from cancer). A significant increase in the risk of all-cause mortality was observed for nondaily smokers (hazard ratio=1.50, 95% CI=1.08, 2.08) compared with that for those who had never smoked. For daily smokers, the adjusted hazard ratios for all-cause mortality were 1.54 (95% CI=1.24, 1.90) for those smoking <20 cigarettes per day, 2.09 (95% CI=1.65, 2.63) for those smoking 20-40 cigarettes per day, and 2.78 (95% CI=1.75, 4.43) for those smoking ≥40 cigarettes per day. An increased risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality was also observed for daily smokers. Former smokers with ≥5 years since cessation had a lower risk of all-cause mortality than current smokers. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that nondaily smokers have a higher risk of all-cause mortality. The association of daily smoking with the risk of mortality increased as the number of cigarettes smoked per day increased. Among former smokers, the risk decreased with longer cessation. Tobacco control efforts should be targeted not only toward daily smokers but also toward nondaily smokers to reduce the risk of premature death owing to smoking.

6.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770413

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize alterations in mucosa-associated microbiota in different anatomical locations of the stomach during gastric cancer progression and to identify associations between Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric microbial changes in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Twenty-five H. pylori negative subjects with chronic gastritis and thirty-four subjects with gastric cancer were recruited, including H. pylori negative and positive patients with tumors in the antrum and the corpus. Gastric mucosa-associated microbiota were determined by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing using a 454 sequencing platform. RESULTS: We found that individuals with chronic gastritis from three different anatomical sites exhibited different microbiota compositions, although the microbial alpha diversity, richness and beta diversity were similar. Compared to patients with chronic gastritis, the gastric microbiota compositions were significantly different at the order level in the antrum and the corpus of patients with gastric cancer, which was dependent on the H. pylori infection status. Microbial alpha diversity and species richness, however, were similar between chronic gastritis and gastric cancer cases and independent of H. pylori status. The microbial community structure in patients with gastric cancer was distinct from that in patients with chronic gastritis. In addition, we found that the presence of H. pylori markedly altered the structure in gastric corpus cancer, but only mildly affected the antrum. CONCLUSION: Our data revealed distinct niche-specific microbiota alterations during the progression from gastritis to gastric cancer. These alterations may reflect adaptions of the microbiota to the diverse specific environmental habitats in the stomach, and may play an important, as yet undetermined, role in gastric carcinogenesis.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25157, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As immune checkpoint pathways, programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) can be exploited by tumor cells to evade immuno-surveillance. Inflammation and immune processes play decisive roles in the occurrence and development of coronary heart disease (CHD). The low expression level of PD-1/ PD-L1 or anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy can accelerate the immune processes in CHD and aggravates disease based on numerous studies. However, the expression of PD-L1 and CHD still remains controversial to date. We conducted this meta-analysis to detect the value of PD-L1 expression on peripheral T-cells in CHD. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese VIP Information, Wanfang Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database for related published studies before February 2021. Two review authors will search and assess relevant studies independently. Case control studies and cohort studies will be included. The Revman 5.3 software was applied to carry out the meta-analysis for the included literature. RESULTS: The findings of this systematic review will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed publication and/or presented at relevant conferences. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a new theoretical basis for the immunological prevention and treatment of CHD. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/X3R52. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required, as the data are not individualized.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Doença das Coronárias/imunologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
8.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-4, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726577

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT) is a highly malignant central nervous system tumour of early childhood. According to the latest WHO classification, the diagnosis of AT/RTs needs to be confirmed by the absence of SMARCB1 (INI1) or SMARCA4 (BRG1) protein expression. AT/RT in the pineal region is infrequent and most have not been proven genetically. Here, we report a case of AT/RT in the pineal region, preoperatively misdiagnosed as a meningioma. Immunohistochemistry revealed the absence of INI1 protein expression. METHOD: A 29-month-old boy was admitted to the hospital after 14 days of emotional apathy and a 2-day vomiting history. AT/RT was not considered during the initial diagnosis because this tumour is rare in this region and is often accompanied by cystic degeneration and necrosis on imaging. Subsequently, the patient underwent surgery and the tumour was completely excised. RESULT: The pathological diagnosis was AT/RT. After discharge, the patient continued chemotherapy in other hospitals but died five months after surgery because of disease progression. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the fifth case of paediatric pineal AT/RT confirmed genetically. Although in children AT/RT in the pineal gland is rare, a differential diagnosis of AT/RT should be considered when new pineal masses appear in children. For this highly malignant disease with poor prognosis, it is very important to detect and recognize the disease as soon as possible, and to adopt surgery plus multiple treatment management.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 779: 146443, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752017

RESUMO

The real part of the refractive index (RRI) of ambient aerosol, which is widely used in remote sensing and atmospheric models, is one of the key factors determining its particles' optical properties. The characteristics of ambient aerosol RRI in China have not yet been well studied owing to a lack of observations. For the first time, the properties of aerosol RRI were studied based on field measurements in China at four sites with different atmospheres. The results revealed that the measured ambient aerosol RRI varied significantly between 1.36 and 1.78, increasing with the mass ratio of organic components. The scattering coefficient and direct radiative effects of the aerosols were estimated to increase by factors of 2 and 3, respectively, when RRI increased from 1.36 to 1.78. Our results indicate that variation in ambient aerosol RRI should be considered in aerosol and climate models to achieve an accurate estimation of aerosol's radiative impacts.

10.
Mol Pharm ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754729

RESUMO

Except for routine scaling and root planing, there are few effective nonsurgical therapeutic interventions for periodontitis and associated alveolar bone loss. Simvastatin (SIM), one of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-cosenzyme A reductase inhibitors, which is known for its capacity as a lipid-lowering medication, has been proven to be an effective anti-inflammatory and bone anabolic agent that has shown promising benefits in mitigating periodontal bone loss. The local delivery of SIM into the periodontal pocket, however, has been challenging due to SIM's poor water solubility and its lack of osteotropicity. To overcome these issues, we report a novel SIM formulation of a thermoresponsive, osteotropic, injectable hydrogel (PF127) based on pyrophosphorolated pluronic F127 (F127-PPi). After mixing F127-PPi with F127 at a 1:1 ratio, the resulting PF127 was used to dissolve free SIM to generate the SIM-loaded formulation. The thermoresponsive hydrogel's rheologic behavior, erosion and SIM release kinetics, osteotropic property, and biocompatibility were evaluated in vitro. The therapeutic efficacy of SIM-loaded PF127 hydrogel on periodontal bone preservation and inflammation resolution was validated in a ligature-induced periodontitis rat model. Given that SIM is already an approved medication for hyperlipidemia, the data presented here support the translational potential of the SIM-loaded PF127 hydrogel for better clinical management of periodontitis and associated pathologies.

11.
Opt Lett ; 46(6): 1397-1400, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720196

RESUMO

Narrow-linewidth lasers are essential for various applications, but are limited by their size, weight, power, and cost requirements. Here we demonstrate a self-injection locked diode laser fabricated with a high quality factor fiber Fabry-Perot resonator, with a 145 Hz free-running linewidth. The locking scheme is all-fiber for plug-and-play operation. White frequency noise of 50Hz2/Hz is measured with over 42 dB reduction from the low-cost TO-can distributed feedback laser diode, and shows its wide applications in a compact and cost-effective way.

12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 619362, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659004

RESUMO

Mycoplasma bovis causes important diseases and great losses on feedlots and dairy farms. However, there are only a few measures to control M. bovis-related diseases. As in other mycoplasma species, this is predominantly because the virulence related factors of this pathogen are largely unknown. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to identify novel virulence-related factors among the secreted proteins of M. bovis. Using bioinformatic tools to analyze its secreted proteins, we preliminarily predicted 39 secreted lipoproteins, and then selected 11 of them for confirmation based on SignalP scores >0.6 or SceP scores >0.8 and conserved domains. These 11 genes were cloned after gene modification based on the codon bias of Escherichia coli and expressed. Mouse antiserum to each recombinant protein was developed. A western blotting assay with these antisera confirmed that MbovP280 and MbovP475 are strongly expressed and secreted proteins, but only MbovP280 significantly reduced the viability of bovine macrophages (BoMac). In further experiments, MbovP280 induced the apoptosis of BoMac treated with both live M. bovis and MbovP280 protein. The conserved coiled-coil domain of MbovP280 at amino acids 210-269 is essential for its induction of apoptosis. Further, immunoprecipitation, mass spectrometry, and coimmunoprecipitation assays identified the anti-apoptosis regulator αB-crystallin (CRYAB) as an MbovP280-binding ligand. An αß-crystallin knockout cell line BoMac-cryab-, Mbov0280-knockout M. bovis strain T9.297, and its complemented M. bovis strain CT9.297 were constructed and the apoptosis of BoMac-cryab- induced by these strains was compared. The results confirmed that CRYAB is critical for MbovP280 function as an apoptosis inducer in BoMac. In conclusion, in this study, we identified MbovP280 as a novel secreted protein of M. bovis that induces the apoptosis of BoMac via its coiled-coil domain and cellular ligand CRYAB. These findings extend our understanding of the virulence mechanism of mycoplasmal species.

13.
Brain Res Bull ; 170: 199-210, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) may cause loss of locomotor function, and macrophage is a major cell type in response to SCI with M1- and M2-phenotypes. The protective role of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC)-derived exosomes (B-Exo) in SCI has been underscored, while their regulation on M2 macrophage polarization and the mechanism remain to be clarified. METHODS: A rat model of SCI was developed and treated with extracted B-Exo. Recovery of motor function was assessed by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score. The apoptosis and degeneration of neurons, and macrophage polarization were evaluated. Subsequently, genes differentially expressed in the rat spinal cord after B-Exo treatment were analyzed. Later, the relationships between B-Exo and interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) or macrophage polarization were clarified. Later, the upstream microRNAs (miRNAs) of IRF5 were validated by bioinformatics prediction and dual-luciferase experiments. Finally, the role of miR-125a in the neuroprotection of SCI was verified by rescue experiments. RESULTS: B-Exo promoted the recovery of locomotor function and M2-phenotype polarization, whereas inhibited neuronal apoptosis and degeneration and the inflammatory response caused by SCI in rats. In addition, IRF5 expression was reduced after B-Exo treatment. IRF5 promoted macrophage polarization towards M1-phenotype and secretion of inflammatory factors. There is a binding relationship between miR-125a and IRF5. Knockdown of miR-125a in B-Exo increased IRF5 expression in spinal cord tissues of SCI rats and attenuated the neuroprotective effect of B-Exo against SCI. CONCLUSION: Exosomal miR-125a derived from BMMSC exerts neuroprotective effects by targeting and negatively regulating IRF5 expression in SCI rats.

14.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 201: 111644, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639512

RESUMO

The clinical efficacy of lenvatinib (LFT) is limited by its poor aqueous solubility and low bioavailability. In this work, LFT-loaded soy phospholipid and sodium glycocholate mixed micelles (LFT-MMs) were prepared through classical co-precipitation. And it was served as an oral administration to address these shortcomings. The preparation conditions were optimized by single-factor experiments. The mass ratio of PC, SGC and LFT, and the species of dispersing media were proved to be decisive factors in controlling the properties of LFT-MMs. The optimal LFT-MMs presented prominent enhancement (500-fold) in LFT solubility, high encapsulation efficiency (87.6 %) as well as suitable stability (>1 month at 4 °C). The biocompatibility of LFT-MMs was estimated by in vitro serum stability measurement and hemolysis test. It showed that serum proteins hardly adhered to the surface of LFT-MMs, and insignificant hemolytic rate (<0.5 %) was observed at the micelles concentration below 1 mg/mL. Cytotoxicity test (MTT assay) was carried out to judge the in vitro antitumor activity. LFT-MMs showed an enhanced inhibitory activity against two main kinds of differentiated thyroid cancer cells over LFT and LFT Mesylate. To estimate the in vivo oral bioavailability of LFT-MMs, SD rats were used as animal model. Notably, the relative bioavailability of LFT-MMs compared with the original form of LFT was 176.7 %. These superior characteristics indicated that the mixed micelles are promising water-soluble formulations suitable for LFT oral delivery.

15.
Life Sci ; 272: 119238, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600860

RESUMO

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) include miRNA, lncRNA, and circRNA. NcRNAs are involved in multiple biological processes, including chromatin remodeling, signal transduction, post-transcriptional modification, cell autophagy, carbohydrate metabolism, and cell cycle regulation. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is notorious for high invasiveness and metastasis, poor prognosis, and high mortality, and it is the most malignant breast cancer, while the effective targets for TNBC treatment are still lacking. NcRNAs act as oncogenes or suppressor genes, as well as promote or inhibit the occurrence and development of TNBC. Here, we reviewed some important miRNAs, lncRNAs, circRNAs, their target(s) and molecular mechanisms in TNBC. It is benefited to understand the occurrence and development of TNBC, further some ncRNAs might be potential targets for TNBC treatment.

16.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246021, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630882

RESUMO

Abscisic acid (ABA) is an important plant hormone that plays multiple roles in regulating growth and development as well as in stress responses in plants. The NCED gene family includes key genes involved in the process of ABA synthesis. This gene family has been found in many species; however, the function of the NCED gene family in cotton is unclear. Here, a total of 23 NCED genes (designated as GhNCED1 to GhNCED23) were identified in cotton. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the identified NCED proteins from cotton and Arabidopsis could be classified into 4 subgroups. Conserved motif analysis revealed that the gene structure and motif distribution of proteins within each subgroup were highly conserved. qRT-PCR and ABA content analyses indicated that NCED genes exhibited stage-specific expression patterns at tissue development stages. GhNCED5, GhNCED6 and GhNCED13 expression was similar to the change in ABA content, suggesting that this gene family plays a role in ABA synthesis. These results provide a better understanding of the potential functions of GhNCED genes.

17.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the population-based estimates of the epidemiology, incidence, and outcomes of spinal meningiomas. METHODS: The data of patients with spinal meningiomas diagnosed between 2004 and 2016 were extracted from the SEER database. Descriptive analyses were conducted to evaluate the distribution and tumor-related characteristics of patients with spinal meningiomas. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to predict which patients were inclined to be diagnosed with borderline or malignant spinal meningiomas. Possible prognostic indicators were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves and the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The age-adjusted incidence rate was 0.37 cases per 1,000,000 person-years between 2004 and 2016. Spinal meningiomas represented 4.25% of all meningiomas. A total of 4204 patients with spinal meningiomas were included in our study. Most of the patients were white and diagnosed at 60-69 years of age, and the female:male ratio was 4:1. Most of the tumors were benign and less than 3 cm in size. The most common pathological type was psammomatous meningioma. Surgery was the first choice of treatment for patients with spinal meningiomas. Male and pediatric patients were more vulnerable to borderline or malignant spinal meningiomas. Survival analysis showed that married, female, and younger patients with benign meningiomas had better overall survival than their counterparts. CONCLUSION: Spinal meningiomas are relatively rare lesions with a favorable prognosis. Psammomatous meningioma is the most common subtype. Male and pediatric patients are more frequently diagnosed with borderline or malignant spinal meningiomas. Surgery is the primary choice of treatment.

18.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 1535370221989955, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557607

RESUMO

White matter lesion (WML) is caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, which are usually associated with cognitive impairment. Evidence from recent studies has shown that ginkgolide B has a neuroprotective effect that could be beneficial for the treatment of ischemia; however, it is not clear whether ginkgolide B has a protective effect on WML. Our data show that ginkgolide B can promote the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) into oligodendrocytes and promote oligodendrocyte survival following a WML. Ginkgolide B (5, 10, 20 mg/kg) or saline is administered intraperitoneally every day after WML. After 4 weeks, the data of Morris water maze suggested that rats' memory and learning abilities were impaired, and the administration of ginkgolide B enhanced behavioral achievement. Also, treatment with ginkgolide B significantly attenuated this loss of myelin. Our result suggests that ginkgolide B promotes the differentiation of OPC into oligodendrocytes. We also found that ginkgolide B ameliorates oligodendrocytes apoptosis. Furthermore, ginkgolide B enhanced the expression of phosphorylated Akt and CREB. In conclusion, our data firstly show that ginkgolide B promotes oligodendrocyte genesis and oligodendrocyte myelin following a WML, possibly involving the Akt and CREB pathways.

19.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601054

RESUMO

The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) signaling pathway is the predominant cytokine signaling pathway in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), another member of the TGF-ß superfamily, has been frequently found to participate in crosstalk with the TGF-ß pathway. However, the complex interaction between the TGF-ß and BMP pathways has not been fully elucidated in HCC. We found that the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways was associated with aggressive pathological features and poor clinical outcomes in HCC. The induction of the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways in HCC cells could significantly promote HCC cell invasion and stemness by increasing inhibitor of differentiation 1 (ID1) expression. We also found that the microRNA (miR)-17-92 cluster, originating from the extracellular vesicles (EVs) of M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages (M2-TAMs), stimulated the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways in HCC cells by inducing TGF-ß type II receptor (TGFBR2) post-transcriptional silencing and inhibiting activin A receptor type 1 (ACVR1) post-translational ubiquitylation by targeting Smad ubiquitylation regulatory factor 1 (Smurf1). In vivo, short hairpin (sh)-MIR17HG and ACVR1 inhibitors profoundly attenuated HCC cell growth and metastasis by rectifying the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways. Therefore, we proposed that the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways is a feasible prognostic biomarker and recovering the imbalance of TGF-ß1/BMP-7 pathways might be a potential therapeutic strategy for HCC.

20.
Biomaterials ; 270: 120675, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548799

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) generates excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can exacerbate secondary injury and result in disability and death. Secondary injury cascades can trigger the release of uncontrolled ROS into the surrounding normal brain tissue, forming an extended pool of ROS, which leads to massive neuronal death. Here, we developed an injectable, post-trauma microenvironment-responsive, ROS depletion hydrogel embedded curcumin (Cur) (TM/PC) for reducing ROS levels in damaged brain tissue to promote the regeneration and recovery of neurons. Hydrogel was composed of three parts: (1) Hydrophobic poly (propylene sulfide)120 (PPS120) was synthesized, with a ROS quencher and H2O2-responsive abilities, to embed Cur. (2) Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-responsive triglycerol monostearate (TM) was used to cover the PPS120 to form a TM/P hydrogel. (3) Cur could further eradicate the ROS, promoting the regeneration and recovery of neurons. In two postoperative TBI models, TM/PC hydrogel effectively responded the TBI surgical environment and released drug. TM/PC hydrogel significantly depleted ROS and reduced brain edema. In addition, reactive astrocytes and activated microglia were decreased, growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and doublecortin (DCX) were increased, suggested that TM/PC hydrogel had the strongest anti-inflammatory effect and effectively promoted nerve regeneration after TBI. This study provides new information for the management of TBI to prevent the secondary spread of damage.

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