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1.
Cell Rep ; 43(4): 114070, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583156

RESUMO

Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome hyperactivation contributes to many human chronic inflammatory diseases, and understanding how NLRP3 inflammasome is regulated can provide strategies to treat inflammatory diseases. Here, we demonstrate that NLRP3 Cys126 is palmitoylated by zinc finger DHHC-type palmitoyl transferase 7 (ZDHHC7), which is critical for NLRP3-mediated inflammasome activation. Perturbing NLRP3 Cys126 palmitoylation by ZDHHC7 knockout, pharmacological inhibition, or modification site mutation diminishes NLRP3 activation in macrophages. Furthermore, Cys126 palmitoylation is vital for inflammasome activation in vivo. Mechanistically, ZDHHC7-mediated NLRP3 Cys126 palmitoylation promotes resting NLRP3 localizing on the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and activated NLRP3 on the dispersed TGN, which is indispensable for recruitment and oligomerization of the adaptor ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD). The activation of NLRP3 by ZDHHC7 is different from the termination effect mediated by ZDHHC12, highlighting versatile regulatory roles of S-palmitoylation. Our study identifies an important regulatory mechanism of NLRP3 activation that suggests targeting ZDHHC7 or the NLRP3 Cys126 residue as a potential therapeutic strategy to treat NLRP3-related human disorders.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2400681, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555504

RESUMO

Photo-mineralization of microplastics under mild conditions has emerged as a promising solution to plastic waste disposal. However, the inadequate contact between oxygen, water-insoluble polyolefin microplastics, and photocatalysts remains a critical issue. In this study, a TiO2 hierarchical porous layer (TiO2-HPL) photocatalyst is presented to establish air-plastic-solid triphase interfaces for the photothermal mineralization of polyolefins. The wettability of the TiO2-HPL-based triphase interface is finely controlled from plastophobic to plastophilic. High-resolution imaging and finite element simulation demonstrate the significance of a semiwetting state in achieving multidirectional oxygen diffusion through the hierarchical pore structure while maintaining sufficient contact between the plastic phase and photocatalysts. For low-density polyethylene, the TiO2-HPL achieves a photothermal mineralization rate of 5.63 mmol g-1 h-1 and a conversion of 26.3% after 20 h of continuous irradiation. Additionally, the triphase photocatalytic system with semiwetting gas-plastic-solid interfaces shows good universality for various polyolefin reagents and products, illustrating its potential in achieving efficient photothermal mineralization of non-degradable microplastics.

3.
J Control Release ; 368: 329-343, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431094

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent autoimmune disease characterized by excessive inflammation in the joints. Glucocorticoid drugs are used clinically to manage RA symptoms, while their dosage and duration need to be tightly controlled due to severe adverse effects. Using dexamethasone (DEX) as a model drug, we explored here whether peptide-guided delivery could increase the safety and therapeutic index of glucocorticoids for RA treatment. Using multiple murine RA models such as collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), we found that CRV, a macrophage-targeting peptide, can selectively home to the inflammatory synovium of RA joints upon intravenous injection. The expression of the CRV receptor, retinoid X receptor beta (RXRB), was also elevated in the inflammatory synovium, likely being the basis of CRV targeting. CRV-conjugated DEX increased the accumulation of DEX in the inflamed synovium but not in healthy organs of CIA mice. Therefore, CRV-DEX demonstrated a stronger efficacy to suppress synovial inflammation and alleviate cartilage/bone destruction. Meanwhile, CRV conjugation reduced immune-related adverse effects of DEX even after a long-term use. Last, we found that RXRB expression was significantly elevated in human patient samples, demonstrating the potential of clinical translation. Taken together, we provide a novel, peptide-targeted strategy to improve the therapeutic efficacy and safety of glucocorticoids for RA treatment.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Índice Terapêutico
4.
Appl Opt ; 63(5): 1347-1354, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437315

RESUMO

A multi-wavelength confocal displacement sensor based on a flat-field concave grating (FFCG) was proposed and designed; the large dispersion and small volume of the FFCG make it an ideal candidate for replacing the complex dispersive lens group. The designed displacement sensor was calibrated by displacement meter, and the characteristics were measured. Consequently, for the proposed displacement sensor, the displacement range of 6.8 mm was measured with the R-square linearity evaluation coefficient of 0.998, and the sensitivity preceded 17.1 nm/mm. The resolution of the displacement sensor was characterized by 70 µm, as well as a full width at half maximum (FWHM) fluctuating around 1.63 nm, indicating high precision and accuracy in displacement measurement. Moreover, the stability and reliability of the sensor were verified within 20 min, with no significant wavelength shifts, and gentle power fluctuations of 557.73 counts at 520 nm and 563.67 counts at 545.05 nm, respectively.

5.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1369331, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549750

RESUMO

Background: Early-onset sarcopenia refers to the progressive loss of muscle mass and function that occurs at an early age. This condition perpetuates the vicious cycle of muscle loss and is associated with adverse outcomes. It is important to identify the contributing factors for early intervention and prevention. While diet is known to impact muscle mass, the association of B vitamins with early-onset sarcopenia remains unexplored. Objectives: To investigate the association of B vitamins intake with early-onset sarcopenia risk in a cross-sectional study. Methods: We conducted data analysis on a total of 8,711 participants aged between 20 and 59 years who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2018. Early-onset sarcopenia was defined as a SMI measured by DXA that was one standard deviation below the sex-specific mean of the reference population. B vitamins intake (B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and B12) was assessed by 24-h dietary recall. We used weighted multiple logistic regression and RCS models to estimate the OR and 95% CI of sarcopenia by B vitamins intake, adjusting for demographic, physical, lifestyle, comorbidities, and nutritional covariates. Results: Higher intake of vitamin B1 was associated with a 22% lower sarcopenia risk (OR = 0.78, CI = 0.63-0.97, p = 0.022), and higher intake of vitamin B2 with a 16% lower risk (OR = 0.84, CI = 0.74-0.97, p = 0.012) in both genders. Gender-specific analyses showed a 28% reduction in sarcopenia risk among males with each additional mg of vitamin B1 intake (OR = 0.72, CI = 0.52-0.97, p = 0.038), and a 26% decrease among females with each additional mg of vitamin B2 intake (OR = 0.74, CI = 0.57-0.96, p = 0.021). No significant differences were found between vitamin B2 and males, or between vitamin B1 and females. The RCS model suggested a nonlinear relationship between vitamin B2 intake and sarcopenia risk (POverall = 0.001, PNonlinear = 0.033), with a plateau effect above 3 mg/d. Conclusion: Higher intake of vitamin B1 and B2 may lower the risk of early-onset sarcopenia, with gender differences. This suggests the potential of nutritional intervention by increasing these vitamins intake through diet and supplements. Further research is warranted to elucidate the mechanisms and design targeted interventions.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(31): 4206-4209, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523529

RESUMO

A novel silyl radical-induced cascade silylation/cyclization of 1,7-dienes has been realized employing readily available hydrosilanes as a silicon source and Cu(I) salt as a catalyst. This protocol introduces diverse silicon fragments into a challenging 7-membered ring structure and provides an efficient approach to a wide array of biologically important silyl-substituted benzo[b]azepin-2-ones. Several control experiments suggest that the reaction undergoes a free radical process. The gram-scale synthesis and late-stage transformations further demonstrate the scalability and applicability of the reaction in organic synthesis.

7.
Cytokine ; 176: 156510, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308951

RESUMO

More and more evidence shows that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in the biological behavior of many kinds of malignant tumors, but the specific function of lncRNA Linc00657 in cervical cancer is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of Linc00657 on the malignant progression of cervical cancer and its potential mechanism. In two kinds of cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells, qRT-PCR showed increased expression of Linc00657 in cervical cancer cells. Through MTT, clone formation test, flow cytometry, wound healing test and Transwell test, it has been found that overexpression of Linc00657 could promote the proliferation,migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells,and inhibit apoptosis. Through the StarBase database, it was found that there may be a mutual regulatory relationship between Linc00657 and Skp2, and Skp2 may be the downstream target of Linc00657. QRT-PCR detection confirmed that the expression of Skp2 was increased in cervical cancer cells with overexpression of Linc00657. TIMER2 database found that Skp2 was associated with lipid metabolic enzymes and immune cell infiltration. It was found that Linc00657 knockdown inhibited tumor growth and metastasis and inhibited the expression of Skp2 in vivo. In short, our research shows that Linc00657 has carcinogenic properties in cervical cancer, and LINC00657 promotes the occurrence of cervical cancer by up-regulating the expression of Skp2. We predict that Linc00657/mir30s/Skp2 axis plays a role in the malignant progression of cervical cancer. In addition, Skp2 may participate in cancer immune response and promote lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer through lipid reprogramming. These findings also provide promising targets for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Lipídeos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
8.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380707

RESUMO

Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are the result of aberrations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathway. The risk of melanoma is the most important concern among patients with CMN for its poor prognosis. However, due to the great variability between studies, the reported risk of melanoma varied considerably, making it difficult to provide reliable information. To evaluate the prevalence, incidence density and standardized morbidity ratio (SMR) of melanoma among patients with CMN, we conducted a systematic literature search of studies providing data on the risk of melanoma in CMN patients following our registered and published protocol (PROSPERO ID# CRD42022383009). Overall, twenty-seven studies with a total of 11480 CMN patients and 82 melanoma cases were included for analysis. The prevalence of melanoma was 1.84% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13%-2.99%] in CMN patients and 2.73% (95% CI 1.67%-4.33%) in patients with large CMN (LCMN). The incidence density of melanoma was 237.56 (95% CI 97.79-575.96) per 100,000 person-years (P-Y) in CMN patients and 585.73 (95% CI 315.39-1085.29) per 100,000 P-Y in the LCMN subgroup. The SMR of melanoma was 122.27 (95% CI 11.84-1262.88) among all CMN patients and 285.97 (95% CI 50.65-1614.59) in patients with LCMN. Our research suggests that the risk of melanoma in the CMN population seems to be overestimated by previous studies, but still significantly higher than that in the normal population. In addition to the risk of melanoma, aesthetic improvement and mental health should also be taken into account when making management decisions.

9.
Nat Microbiol ; 9(2): 336-345, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316926

RESUMO

microbeMASST, a taxonomically informed mass spectrometry (MS) search tool, tackles limited microbial metabolite annotation in untargeted metabolomics experiments. Leveraging a curated database of >60,000 microbial monocultures, users can search known and unknown MS/MS spectra and link them to their respective microbial producers via MS/MS fragmentation patterns. Identification of microbe-derived metabolites and relative producers without a priori knowledge will vastly enhance the understanding of microorganisms' role in ecology and human health.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Humanos , Metabolômica/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais
10.
Molecules ; 29(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338482

RESUMO

Phlorizin, as a flavonoid from a wide range of sources, is gradually becoming known for its biological activity. Phlorizin can exert antioxidant effects by regulating the IL-1ß/IKB-α/NF-KB signaling pathway. At the same time, it exerts its antibacterial activity by reducing intracellular DNA agglutination, reducing intracellular protein and energy synthesis, and destroying intracellular metabolism. In addition, phlorizin also has various pharmacological effects such as antiviral, antidiabetic, antitumor, and hepatoprotective effects. Based on domestic and foreign research reports, this article reviews the plant sources, extraction, and biological activities of phlorizin, providing a reference for improving the clinical application of phlorizin.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos , Florizina , Florizina/farmacologia , Florizina/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonoides , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
11.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 789, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278813

RESUMO

The selective oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane (ODHE) is attracting increasing attention as a method for ethylene production. Typically, thermocatalysts operating at high temperatures are needed for C-H activation in ethane. In this study, we describe a low temperature ( < 140 °C) photocatalytic route for ODHE, using O2 as the oxidant. A photocatalyst containing PdZn intermetallic nanoparticles supported on ZnO is prepared, affording an ethylene production rate of 46.4 mmol g-1 h-1 with 92.6% ethylene selectivity under 365 nm irradiation. When we employ a simulated shale gas feed, the photocatalytic ODHE system achieves nearly 20% ethane conversion while maintaining an ethylene selectivity of about 87%. The robust interface between the PdZn intermetallic nanoparticles and ZnO support plays a crucial role in ethane activation through a photo-assisted Mars-van Krevelen mechanism, followed by a rapid lattice oxygen replenishment to complete the reaction cycle. Our findings demonstrate that photocatalytic ODHE is a promising method for alkane-to-alkene conversions under mild conditions.

12.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 211-222, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229692

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize the cytokine profile of patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in relation to disease severity. Patients and Methods: 60 laboratory-confirmed SFTS patients and 12 healthy individuals from multi-centers in Shandong Province of China were included, and all patients were divided into fatal patients (9) and recovered patients (51) due to their final outcomes. Multiplex-microbead immunoassays were conducted to estimate levels of 27 cytokines in the sera of patients and controls. Results: The results showed that levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-15, IL-1RA, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, TNF-α, basic FGF, PDGF-BB, RANTES, IP-10, MIP-1α, MIP-1ß, MCP-1, and Eotaxin differed significantly among the SFTS fatal patients, recovered patients, and the healthy controls (all p<0.05). Compared to the healthy controls, the fatal patients and recovered patients had reduced levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, PDGF-BB, RANTES, and Eotaxin, while the levels of PDGF-BB and RANTES were significantly lower in fatal patients compared to recovered patients. The increasing levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-15, IL-1RA, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, TNF-α, basic FGF, IP-10, MIP-1α, MIP-1ß, and MCP-1 were observed in fatal patients (all p<0.05), and the levels of IL-6, IP-10, MIP-1α, and MCP-1 were significantly higher than other two groups. The Spearman correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between platelet count and PDGF-BB levels (p<0.05), while the white blood cell count had a negative correlation with MIP-1 level (p<0.05). Conclusion: The research exhibited that the SFTS virus (SFTSV) caused an atypical manifestation of cytokines. The levels of IL-6, IP-10, MIP-1α, and MCP-1 had been observed a positive association with the severity of the illness.

13.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 24(1): 46-54, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193886

RESUMO

Background: Rattus norvegicus can carry and transmit various zoonotic pathogens. Some studies were conducted to investigate a few zoonotic pathogens in Guangzhou, China, but no coinfections were investigated or specifically mentioned. Studies on the infections and the influencing factors of various zoonotic pathogens in R. norvegicus along the Zengjiang River in Guangzhou have not been carried out. Materials and Methods: In this study, R. norvegicus was captured in November 2020 and September 2021 along the Zengjiang River, and was tested for Bartonella spp., Leptospira spp., Orientia tsutsugamushi, Borrelia burgdorferi, Hantavirus (HV), Ehrlichia spp., and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) by the RT-PCR. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact of habitat and demographic factors on the infections and coinfections of the surveyed pathogens. Results: In 119 R. norvegicus, the detection rates of Bartonella spp., Leptospira spp., O. tsutsugamushi, B. burgdorferi, and HV were 46.2%, 31.9%, 5%, 0.8%, and 18.5%, respectively. Ehrlichia spp. and SFTSV were negative. The triple coinfection rate of Bartonella spp., Leptospira spp., and HV was 11.8%. In addition, the coinfection of Bartonella spp., Leptospira spp., and B. burgdorferi was 0.8%. Dual coinfection of Bartonella spp. and Leptospira spp., Leptospira spp. and HV, Bartonella spp. and O. tsutsugamushi, Leptospira spp. and O. tsutsugamushi, and HV and O. tsutsugamushi was 9.2%, 3.4%, 1.7%, 1.7%, and 0.8%, respectively. Infections of these pathogens in R. norvegicus were found in habitats of banana plantation, grassland, and bush. Weight affected the infection of Bartonella spp., Leptospira spp., or HV in R. norvegicus. Conclusions: R. norvegicus along the Zengjiang River not only carried various potentially zoonotic pathogens but also had a variety of coinfections. Surveillance of the density and pathogens in R. norvegicus should be strengthened to reduce the incidence of relevant zoonotic diseases.


Assuntos
Bartonella , Coinfecção , Leptospira , Orthohantavírus , Doenças dos Roedores , Tifo por Ácaros , Animais , Ratos , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/veterinária , Rios , China/epidemiologia , Zoonoses , Bartonella/genética , Ehrlichia , Tifo por Ácaros/veterinária
14.
J Transl Autoimmun ; 8: 100225, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38292070

RESUMO

Background: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) often exhibit susceptibilities to multiple autoimmune diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome, primary sclerosing cholangitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This propensity likely stems from common pathogenic mechanisms underlying immune-mediated conditions. This report highlights the occurrence of autoimmune thyroid disease during UC exacerbations. Notably, the patient displayed petrified auricles.Case Summary.A 57-year-old male complained of sustained abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and mucus for a duration of 20 days. The diagnosis of UC was confirmed via colonoscopy, histopathological examination, and small bowel MRE. Clinical evaluations revealed bilateral ectopic ossification in his ears, which appeared to develop over an unspecified timeframe. Imaging and histological evaluations substantiated the ectopic ossification diagnosis while eliminating the possibility of adrenal insufficiency. The presented case offers a unique instance of bilateral auricular ossification, which is hypothesized to result from hyperthyroidism. Conclusion: Our case report underscores the necessity of enhancing awareness of the rare complications associated with UC. Medical practitioners should recognize the potential overlap of autoimmune thyroid disorders in UC patients. It is imperative to test for thyroid-related antibodies in such individuals, irrespective of overt thyroid dysfunction.

15.
Cell Host Microbe ; 32(2): 181-190.e9, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228143

RESUMO

The early microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract can have long-term impacts on development and health. Keystone species, including Bacteroides spp., are prominent in early life and play crucial roles in maintaining the structure of the intestinal ecosystem. However, the process by which a resilient community is curated during early life remains inadequately understood. Here, we show that a single sialidase, NanH, in Bacteroides fragilis mediates stable occupancy of the intestinal mucosa in early life and regulates a commensal colonization program. This program is triggered by sialylated glycans, including those found in human milk oligosaccharides and intestinal mucus. NanH is required for vertical transmission from dams to pups and promotes B. fragilis dominance during early life. Furthermore, NanH facilitates commensal resilience and recovery after antibiotic treatment in a defined microbial community. Collectively, our study reveals a co-evolutionary mechanism between the host and microbiota mediated through host-derived glycans to promote stable colonization.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Neuraminidase , Humanos , Bacteroides fragilis , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Polissacarídeos
16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 126: 111321, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38041955

RESUMO

Vitamin C (VitC) presents excellent anti-tumor effect for long time. Recently, high dose VitC achieved by intravenous administration manifests superior anti-tumor effect. However, the functions and detailed mechanisms of high dose VitC's role in cancer immunity are not fully understood. This study investigates the effect of high dose VitC on PD-L1 expression in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and the potential mechanism. Results showed VitC inhibited PD-L1 expression in breast cancer cell lines and enhanced anti-tumor effects of T cells. Furthermore, we found VitC inhibited PD-L1 transcription through ROS-pSTAT3 signal pathways. Consistent with in vitro results, in vivo study showed VitC suppressed tumor growth in immunocompetent mice and enhanced CD8+ T cells infiltration and function in tumor microenvironment. Our findings identify the effects of high dose VitC on PD-L1 expression and provide a rationale for the use of high dose VitC as immunomodulator for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 79(1): 61-65, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37965874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the genetic context and transferability of the oxazolidinone resistance gene optrA in a Streptococcus parasuis isolate. METHODS: The optrA-carrying S. parasuis isolate SFJ45 was characterized by PCR, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, complete genome sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. The transferability of optrA was verified by conjugation, followed by SmaI-PFGE and Southern blotting. RESULTS: The S. parasuis isolate SFJ45 was positive for optrA, mef(A), msr(D), erm(B), tetAB(P)', tet(M), aadE, aphA3, catQ, dfrG and mdt(A), conferring an MDR phenotype. The optrA gene was flanked by ISS1N at both termini in the same orientation, representing a novel 8750 bp pseudo-compound transposon, organized as the ISS1N-hth-clb-4hp-optrA-2hp-ISS1N structure. The ISS1N-optrA-carrying transposon was further inserted within an integrative and conjugative element, ICESpsuSFJ45, at 3' end of the fda gene. Conjugative transfer of the ISS1N-optrA-carrying transposon with ICESpsuSFJ45 was observed from S. parasuis to Streptococcus suis at a frequency of (1.01 ± 3.12) × 10-7. CONCLUSIONS: ISS1N was found to be associated with optrA spreading for the first time. Integration of the ISS1N-optrA transposon within ICESpsuSFJ45 may lead to the co-selection of optrA with other antimicrobial resistance genes, contributing to its horizontal transfer from S. parasuis to clinically more important bacterial pathogens.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Streptococcus suis , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
18.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(8): e2305471, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37882341

RESUMO

Methane as the main component in natural gas is a promising chemical raw material for synthesizing value-added chemicals, but its harsh chemical conversion process often causes severe energy and environment concerns. Photocatalysis provides an attractive path to active and convert methane into various products under mild conditions with clean and sustainable solar energy, although many challenges remain at present. In this review, recent advances in photocatalytic methane conversion are systematically summarized. As the basis of methane conversion, the activation of methane is first elucidated from the structural basis and activation path of methane molecules. The study is committed to categorizing and elucidating the research progress and the laws of the intricate methane conversion reactions according to the target products, including photocatalytic methane partial oxidation, reforming, coupling, combustion, and functionalization. Advanced photocatalytic reactor designs are also designed to enrich the options and reliability of photocatalytic methane conversion performance evaluation. The challenges and prospects of photocatalytic methane conversion are also discussed, which in turn offers guidelines for methane-conversion-related photocatalyst exploration, reaction mechanism investigation, and advanced photoreactor design.

19.
Opt Lett ; 48(21): 5683-5686, 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37910733

RESUMO

Diffraction-limited focusing imaging, edge-enhanced imaging, and long depth of focus imaging offer crucial technical capabilities for applications such as biological microscopy and surface topography detection. To conveniently and quickly realize the microscopy imaging of different functions, the multifunctional integrated system of microscopy imaging has become an increasingly important research direction. However, conventional microscopes necessitate bulky optical components to switch between these functionalities, suffering from the system's complexity and unstability. Hence, solving the problem of integrating multiple functions within an optical system is a pressing need. In this work, we present an approach using a polarization-multiplexed tri-functional metasurface, capable of realizing the aforementioned imaging functions simply by changing the polarization state of the input and output light, enhancing the system structure's compactness and flexibility. This work offers a new avenue for multifunctional imaging, with potential applications in biomedicine and microscopy imaging.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(21)2023 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37960612

RESUMO

With the world moving towards low-carbon and environmentally friendly development, the rapid growth of new-energy vehicles is evident. The utilization of deep-learning-based license-plate-recognition (LPR) algorithms has become widespread. However, existing LPR systems have difficulty achieving timely, effective, and energy-saving recognition due to their inherent limitations such as high latency and energy consumption. An innovative Edge-LPR system that leverages edge computing and lightweight network models is proposed in this paper. With the help of this technology, the excessive reliance on the computational capacity and the uneven implementation of resources of cloud computing can be successfully mitigated. The system is specifically a simple LPR. Channel pruning was used to reconstruct the backbone layer, reduce the network model parameters, and effectively reduce the GPU resource consumption. By utilizing the computing resources of the Intel second-generation computing stick, the network models were deployed on edge gateways to detect license plates directly. The reliability and effectiveness of the Edge-LPR system were validated through the experimental analysis of the CCPD standard dataset and real-time monitoring dataset from charging stations. The experimental results from the CCPD common dataset demonstrated that the network's total number of parameters was only 0.606 MB, with an impressive accuracy rate of 97%.

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