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1.
Talanta ; 221: 121477, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076090

RESUMO

Due to the potential threats of phosgene and nitrite to public health and safety, in this work, we first proposed the application of a facile dual-function fluorescent probe 2-(1H-Benzimidazol-2-yl)Aniline (BMA) for the detection of phosgene and nitrite in different solvent environments. BMA had fast response (1 min), high selectivity and sensitivity (the limit of detection was 1.27 nM) to phosgene in CH3CN solution (containing 10% DMSO), which manifested as a ratiometric fluorescent mode from 416 nm to 480 nm. The response of BMA to nitrite in HCl solution (pH = 1, containing 10% CH3CN) was also highly selective and sensitive (the limit of detection was 60.63 nM), which shown as a turn-off fluorescent mode at 485 nm. In addition, two portable chemosensors (BMA-loaded TLC plates and test strips) had also been successfully manufactured for the detection of phosgene in the gas phase and nitrite in solution, which displayed good responses. Most importantly, BMA had also been successfully used for detection of nitrite in food samples, and a good recovery (88.5%-107.2%) was obtained by adding standard sodium nitrite.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118878, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919149

RESUMO

Rapid quantification methods for sugar-free Yangwei granules were developed based on near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with machine learning approaches as a quality control strategy for Chinese medicine granules (CMGs). Different machine learning approaches-i.e., interval partial least squares optimized by the genetic algorithm (GA-iPLS), the backpropagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN), and the particle swarm optimization-support vector machine (PSO-SVM)-were used to develop prediction models for three active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), namely, albiflorin, paeoniflorin, and benzoylpaeoniflorin. The partial least squares (PLS) algorithm was used for linear model calibration and comparison of the prediction performance of these developed models. The performance of the final models was assessed by the correlation coefficient (R), root mean square error of calibration set (RMSEC), and root mean square error of prediction set (RMSEP). All models performed well in model fitting and provided satisfactory prediction accuracy. The results indicate that the machine learning approaches are more stable, predictable, and suitable for CMGs when a high-accuracy analysis is required. In summary, NIR spectroscopy coupled with machine learning techniques is a suitable tool for the straightforward quantification of CMGs.

3.
Cell Signal ; 77: 109821, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144184

RESUMO

Spinster homolog 2 (SPNS2) is a multi-transmembrane transporter, widely located in the cell membrane and organelle membranes. It transports sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) into the extracellular space and the circulatory system, thus alters the concentration and the distribution of S1P, sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PRs) and S1P related enzymes, meaning that it exerts its functions via S1P signaling pathways. Studies also show that ectopic SPNS2 mediates parts of the physiological process of the cells. As of now, SPNS2 has been reported to participate in physiological processes such as angiogenesis, embryonic development, immune response and metabolisms. It is also associated with the transformation from inflammation to cancer as well as the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. In this review, we summarize the functions and the mechanisms of SPNS2 in the pathogenesis of cancer to provide new insights for the diagnosis and the treatments of cancer.

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104421, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181408

RESUMO

EGFR-TK pathway is of high importance for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC), and it will be challenging to develop anti-tumor drugs that could inhibit both EGFR wild-type and mutant tumor cells. Here, a series of icotinib derivatives containing 1,2,3-triazole moiety were designed and synthesized through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reactions. Preliminary CCK-8 assay showed that the prepared icotinib-1,2,3-triazole compounds such as a7 or a12 demonstrated potent in vitro antitumor activity against the NSCLC cells expressing both wild type EGFR and mutational EGFR. Further, the mechanism of action for compounds a7 and a12 induced NSCLC cells death was also detailed, and the results suggested a possible induced NSCLC cells death via inducing mitochondrial apoptosis and arresting cell cycle. Remarkably, the inhibition of EGFR by these icotinib derivatives was also studied. The results showed that compound a12 was a potent inhibitor for EGFR with IC50 value of 1.49 µM. Combining these results, an EGFR inhibitor a12 represents a promising new anti-NSCLC candidate that could induce apoptosis and arrest cell cycle.

5.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 267, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) with rectal ulcer is a common complication after pelvic malignancy radiation, and gradually deteriorating ulcers will result in severe complications such as fistula. The aim of this study was to evaluate effect of colostomy on ulcerative CRP and to identify associated influence factors with effectiveness of colostomy. METHODS: Between November 2011 to February 2019, 811 hospitalized patients were diagnosed with radiation-induced enteritis (RE) in Sun Yat-sen University Sixth Affiliated Hospital, among which 284 patients presented with rectal ulcer, and 61 ulcerative CRP patients were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The overall effective rate of colostomy on ulcerative CRP was 49.2%, with a highest effective rate of 88.2% within 12 to 24 months after colostomy. 9 (31.1%) CRP patients with ulcers were cured after colostomy and 12 (19.67%) patients restored intestinal continuity, among which including 2 (3.3%) patients ever with rectovaginal fistula. 100% (55/55) patients with rectal bleeding and 91.4% (32/35) patients with anal pain were remarkably alleviated. Additionally, multivariable analysis showed the duration of stoma [OR 1.211, 95% CI (1.060-1.382), P = 0.005] and albumin (ALB) level post-colostomy [OR 1.437, 95% CI (1.102-1.875), P = 0.007] were two independent influence factors for the effectiveness of colostomy on the rectal ulcer of CRP patients. CONCLUSIONS: Colostomy was an effective and safe procedure for treating rectal ulcer of CRP patients, and also a potential strategy for preventing and treating fistula. Duration of stoma for 12-24 months and higher ALB level could significantly improve the effectiveness of colostomy on ulcerative CRP patients.

6.
Bioorg Med Chem ; : 115849, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221063

RESUMO

Neothalfine is a natural bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid with the abundant resource in medicinal plants and has not been reported its anti-tumor efficacy. In the present study, the anti-tumor efficacy was investigated and it showed broad-spectrum activity against several cancer cell lines, especially metastatic colorectal cancer (HCT116, SW620, T84) with the IC50 values of 7.2, 5.9, 8.2 nM, respectively, roughly equal to well-known anti-tumor agent docetaxel (4.0, 4.7, 2.7 nM) and nearly 1000 folds than CPT-11 (4.4, 5.1, 6.9 µM). Furthermore, neothalfine inhibited colorectal cell proliferation by resulting in cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and induced apoptosis through the dysfunction of mitochondria to trigger intrinsic apoptotic pathway by untargeted metabolomic method, mitochondrial membrane potential, and caspase-3/7 activity assay. Moreover, neothalfine damaged colorectal cancer clonal spheres expansion significantly at the concentration of 3.5 nM with nearly 1000 folds efficacy than CPT-11 (3.0 µM). The results supported that neothalfine might be an anti-tumor lead for further investigation.

7.
FASEB J ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197070

RESUMO

Spermatogenesis is an important biological process in male reproduction. The interaction between male germ cells and somatic cells during spermatogenesis, is necessary for male reproductive activities. This cellular heterogeneity has made it difficult to profile distinct cell types at different stages of development. Here, we present the first comprehensive, unbiased single-cell transcriptomic study of sheep spermatogenesis using 10× genomics single cell sequencing (scRNA-seq). We collected scRNA-seq data from 11 772 cells from the adult sheep testis and identified all known germ cells (including early primary spermatocytes, late primary spermatocytes, round spermatids, elongated spermatids, and sperm), and somatic cells (Sertoli cells and Leydig cells), as well as one somatic cell that unexpectedly contained leukocytes. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that several pathways of cell cycle, gamete generation, protein processing, and mRNA surveillance pathways were significantly enriched in testicular germ cell types, and ribosome pathway was significantly enriched in testicular somatic cell types. Further analysis identified several stage-specific marker genes of sheep germ cells, such as EZH2, SOX18, SCP2, PCNA, and PRKCD. Our research explored for the first time of the changes in the transcription level of various cell types during the process of sheep spermatogenesis, providing new insights for sheep spermatogenesis and spermatogenic cell development.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt B): 124341, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217694

RESUMO

To reduce the cost of lignocellulosic pretreatment, rice straw was ensiled with dilute formic acid (FA, 0, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6%) for 3, 6, 9, 15 and 30 days, and evaluated its effects on fermentation dynamics, lignocellulosic degradation and enzymatic hydrolysis. The results showed that the application of FA, especially at 0.6% level, reduced total fermentation losses of the resulting silages, as evidenced by low dry matter loss, ammonia nitrogen and ethanol content. Meanwhile, the 0.6% FA application promoted hemicellulose removal (232.41 vs 187.52 g/kg DM) and xylose production (0.35 vs 2.80 g/kg DM). The glucose yield and cellulose convertibility of rice straw increased after 30 days of ensiling, and further enhanced by the 0.6% FA application. In conclusion, the 0.6% FA-assisted ensiling pretreatment improved both biomass preservation, hemicellulose removal and enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw, which is beneficial to the subsequent biofuel production chain.

9.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-14, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline is one of the greatest concerns for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their care partners. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a nonpharmacological treatment option used to improve cognitive function in PD, but its efficacy is unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether rTMS improves cognition in PD patients. METHODS: Eligibility criteria (PICOS) were as follows: (1) 'P': The patients participating were diagnosed with idiopathic PD; (2) 'I': Intervention using rTMS; (3) 'C': Sham stimulation as control; (4) 'O': The outcome of the study included cognitive evaluations; (5) 'S': The study adopted randomized controlled design. The standardized mean difference (SMD) of change of score was applied to measure efficacy, and we used Version 2 of the Cochrane tool to assess risk of bias. RESULTS: Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria. Compared with sham-controlled group, the pooled result showed a non-significant short-term effect of rTMS on global cognition (SMD: -0.15, 95% CI: -0.59 to 0.29, I 2 = 36.7%), executive function (SMD: 0.03, 95% CI: -0.21 to 0.26, I 2 = 0.0%), and attention and working memory (SMD: 0.05, 95% CI: -0.25 to 0.35, I 2 = 0.0%). Long-term outcomes were either shown to be statistically nonsignificant. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a limited number of studies, rTMS fails to improve cognition in PD. We call for additional high-quality randomized controlled trials with adequate sample sizes to determine the efficacy of rTMS.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176290

RESUMO

Herein, we successfully developed a new multifunctional antibacterial system, which combined mechano-bactericidal (Au-nanostars) and photothermal (MoS2) mechanism. Meanwhile, the targeting molecule of vancomycin was modified on the surface of MoS2-Au nanocomposites (Van-MoS2-Au), that generally yield high efficiency in antibacterial performance due to their effective working radii. Van-MoS2-Au nanocomposites were capable of completely destroying both Gram-negative (E. coli) and Gram-positive (B. subtilis) bacteria under 808 NIR laser irradiation for 20 min, and nearly no bacterial growth was detected after 12 h incubation. Moreover, these nanocomposites could destruct the refractory biofilm as well, which was a much more difficult medical challenge. The new antibacterial nanomaterials might offer many biomedical applications because of the biocompatibility and strong antibacterial ability.

11.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e925126, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Pneumocystis carinii is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe lung infections after renal transplantation. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) has been recognized as a first-line treatment for chemoprophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). This study aimed to establish a personalized chemoprophylaxis prescription specifically for those recipients with renal insufficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included 68 patients with confirmed PCP after renal transplantation. Patients were divided into 2 groups: an abnormal renal function (ARF) group (creatinine ≥1.5 ng/dl; n=37) and a normal renal function (NRF) group (creatinine <1.5 ng/dl; n=31). Clinical characteristics and prognosis of PCP in both groups were compared and analyzed. RESULTS Patients in the ARF group had more prophylaxis after transplantation (15 [40.5%] vs. 2 [6.5%], p=0.047), had more biopsy-proven rejections (10 [27%] vs. 1 [3.2%], p=0.008), and had lower lymphocyte counts (0.6 [05-0.9] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.6], p<0.01). Renal function after treatment was obviously improved in the ARF group, which had a significant decrease rate in creatinine (-13.2% [-22~4.8%] vs. -4.4% [-12.6~20.9%], p=0.043). CONCLUSIONS PCP prophylaxis regimens for recipients after renal transplantation are still needed regardless of whether the renal functions were normal or abnormal, especially for recipients with persistent lymphopenia or rejection after transplantation.

12.
Adv Mater ; : e2004632, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185899

RESUMO

High volumetric performance is a challenging issue for carbon-based electrical double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). Herein, collapsed N,S dual-doped carbon nanocages (cNS-CNC) are constructed by simple capillary compression, which eliminates the surplus meso- and macropores, leading to a much increased density only at the slight expense of specific surface area. The N,S dual-doping induces strong polarity of the carbon surface, and thus much improves the wettability and charge transfer. The synergism of the high density, large ion-accessible surface area, and fast charge transfer leads to state-of-the-art volumetric performance under the premise of high rate capability. At a current density of 50 A g-1 , the optimized cNS-CNC delivers a high volumetric capacitance of 243 and 199 F cm-3 in KOH and EMIMBF4 electrolyte, with high energy density of 7.9 and 93.4 Wh L-1 , respectively. A top-level stack volumetric energy density of 75.3 Wh L-1 (at power density of 0.7 kW L-1 ) and a maximal stack volumetric power density of 112 kW L-1 (at energy density of 18.8 Wh L-1 ) are achieved in EMIMBF4 , comparable to the lead-acid battery in energy density but better in power density with 2-3 orders. This study demonstrates an efficient strategy to design carbon-based materials for high-volumetric-performance EDLCs with wide practical applications.

13.
Mol Oncol ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085838

RESUMO

Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumors. CircRNA ephrin type-B receptor 4 (circEPHB4) is a circular RNA derived from the receptor tyrosine kinase EPHB4. However, the clinical significance and the specific roles of circEPHB4 in gliomas and glioma cancer stem cells (CSCs) have not been studied. Here, we found that circEPHB4 (hsa_circ_0081519) and SOX10 were up-regulated, while miR-637 was down-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Consistently, circEPHB4 was positively correlated with SOX10, but negatively correlated with miR-637. The altered expressions of these molecules were independently associated with overall survival of patients. CircEPHB4 up-regulated SOX10 and Nestin by directly sponging miR-637, thereby stimulating stemness, proliferation, and glycolysis of glioma cells. Functionally, silencing circEPHB4 or increasing miR-637 levels in glioma cells was sufficient to inhibit xenograft growth in vivo. In conclusion, the circEPHB4/miR-637/SOX10/Nestin axis plays a central role in controlling stem properties, self-renewal as well as glycolysis of glioma cells and predicts the overall survival of glioma patients. Targeting this axis might provide a therapeutic strategy for malignant gliomas.

14.
Analyst ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104132

RESUMO

In this study, a novel three-electrode integrated electrochemical platform (TEIEP) has been designed and fabricated for the simultaneous detection of hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CC), in which nanoporous gold (NPG) served as the working electrode, and Pt particles and nanoporous Ag/AgCl served as the courter electrode and the reference electrode, respectively. Due to the remarkable catalytic activity of NPG, the TEIEP exhibits high selectivity and sensitivity towards HQ and CC determination with a distinct separation between the peaks for their coexistence. The oxidation peak current densities of HQ and CC were linear over the range of 0.2-100 µM with the detection limits of 0.083 µM (S/N = 3) for HQ and 0.119 µM (S/N = 3) for CC. Moreover, TEIEP has a satisfactory reproducibility and anti-interference ability, and can be used in real water sample analysis. This work undoubtedly provides a remarkable choice for catalytic materials and an integrated structure, and further a promising application prospect for developing novel sensors for on-site environmental monitoring.

15.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085178

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this research was to investigate the alterations in functional brain networks and to assess the relationship between depressive impairment and topological network changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with depression (DPD). METHODS: Twenty-two DPD patients, 23 PD patients without depression (NDPD), and 25 matched healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. All participants were examined by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans. Graph theoretical analysis and network-based statistic methods were used to analyze brain network topological properties and abnormal subnetworks, respectively. RESULTS: The DPD group showed significantly decreased local efficiency compared with the HC group (P = .008, FDR corrected). In nodal metrics analyses, the degree of the right inferior occipital gyrus (P = .0001, FDR corrected) was positively correlated with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores in the DPD group. Meanwhile, the temporal visual cortex, including the bilateral middle temporal gyri and right inferior temporal gyrus in the HC and NDPD groups and the left posterior cingulate gyrus in the NDPD group, was defined as hub region, but not in the DPD group. Compared with the HC group, the DPD group had extensive weakening of connections between the temporal-occipital visual cortex and the prefrontal-limbic network. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that PD depression is associated with disruptions in the topological organization of functional brain networks, mainly involved the temporal-occipital visual cortex and the posterior cingulate gyrus and may advance our current understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying DPD.

16.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017539

RESUMO

Nanostructured electrodes are among the most important candidates for high-capacity battery chemistry. However, the high surface area they possess causes serious issues. First, it would decrease the Coulombic efficiencies. Second, they have significant intakes of liquid electrolytes, which reduce the energy density and increase the battery cost. Third, solid-electrolyte interphase growth is accelerated, affecting the cycling stability. Therefore, the interphase chemistry regarding electrolyte contact is crucial, which was rarely studied. Here, we present a completely new strategy of limiting effective surface area by introducing an "electrolyte-phobic surface". Using this method, the electrolyte intake was limited. The initial Coulombic efficiencies were increased up to ∼88%, compared to ∼60% of the control. The electrolyte-phobic layer of Si particles is also compatible with the binder, stabilizing the electrode for long-term cycling. This study advances the understanding of interphase chemistry, and the introduction of the universal concept of electrolyte-phobicity benefits the next-generation battery designs.

17.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 22: 210-215, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the potency of apocynin in ameliorating preeclampsia and explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Preeclampsia model was constructed in rats by administering 200 mg/kg/day L-NAME. Apocynin was given orally in drinking water. Systolic blood pressure and proteinuria were monitored during treatment. Survival rate rate of the pups and placental weight were assessed. Serum sFlt-1, PIGF, IL-6 and placental TLR4 levels were measured using ELISA or qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Apocynin dose-dependently decreased systolic blood pressure and proteinuria during gestation. Survival rate of the pups and placental weight were improved by apocynin treatment. Apocynin ameliorated the imbalance of sFlt-1 and PIGF in serum and placenta of rats with preeclampsia. Apocynin attenuated serum inflammatory cytokine expression and placental inflammation most likely due to downregulation of the placental TLR4/NF-kB pathway in L-NAME treated rats. CONCLUSIONS: Apocynin potently ameliorates the L-NAME-induced preeclampsia, which is achieved by re-balancing the sFlt-1 and PIGF levels, attenuating inflammation, and inhibiting TLR4/NF-κB p65 signaling.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118856

RESUMO

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) is the causal agent of wheat stripe rust that causes severe yield losses all over the world. As a macrocyclic heteroecious rust fungus, it is able to infect two unrelated host plants: wheat and barberry. Its urediniospores infect wheat and cause disease epidemic, while its basidiospores parasitize barberry to fulfill the sexual reproduction. This complex life cycle poses interesting questions on the different mechanisms of pathogenesis underlying the infection of the two different hosts. In the present study, transcriptomes of Pst during the initial infection of wheat and barberry leaves were qualitatively and quantitatively compared. As a result, 142 wheat-specific expressed genes (WEGs) were identified, which was far less than 2,677 barberry-specifically expressed genes (BEGs). A larger proportion of evolutionary conserved genes were observed in BEGs than that in WEGs, implying a longer history of the interaction between Pst and barberry. Additionally, Pst differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between wheat at 1 dpi/2 dpi and barberry at 3 dpi/ 4dpi were identified by quantitative analysis. Gene Ontology analysis of these DEGs and expression patterns of Pst pathogenic genes, including those encoding candidate secreted effectors, cell wall degrading enzymes, and nutrient transporters, demonstrated that urediniospores and basidiospores exploited distinct strategies to overcome host defense systems. These results represent the first analysis of the Pst transcriptome in barberry and contribute to a better understanding of the evolutionary processes and strategies of different types of rust spores during the infection process on different hosts.

19.
J Biol Chem ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109608

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI), is a rapidly progressing heterogenous pulmonary disorder that possesses a high risk of mortality. Accumulating evidence has implicated the activation of the p65 subunit of NF-κB [NF-κB(p65)] activation in the pathological process of ALI. microRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small RNA molecules, have emerged as major governors due to their post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in a wide array of pathological processes, including ALI. The dysregulation of miRNAs and NF-κB activation has been implicated in human diseases. In the current study, we set out to decipher the convergence of miR-99b and p65 NF-κB activation in ALI pathology. We measured the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid using ELISA. MH-S cells were cultured and their viability were detected with cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) assays. The results showed that miR-99b was up-regulated, while PRDM1 was downregulated in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine model of ALI. Mechanistic investigations showed that NF-κB(p65) was enriched at the miR-99b promoter region, and further promoted its transcriptional activity. Furthermore, miR-99b targeted PRDM1 by binding to its 3'UTR, causing its downregulation. This increased lung injury, as evidenced by increased wet/dry ratio of mouse lung, myeloperoxidase activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, and enhanced infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung tissues. Together, our findings indicate that NF-κB(p65) promotion of miR-99b can aggravate ALI in mice by downregulating the expression of PRDM1.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(44): 12384-12392, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079529

RESUMO

The effects of oxidation on the gastric digestion properties of soybean protein isolates (SPIs) in a model of lipoxygenase (LOX)-catalyzed linoleic acid (LA) oxidation system and the multiscale structural characterization of SPI hydrolysate were investigated. Results indicated that the feature of SPI hydrolysate is dependent upon the degree of oxidation. Pepsin hydrolysis caused a red shift in fluorescence intensity and a reduction in surface hydrophobicity and diminished the particle size of SPI hydrolysate during gastric digestion. Compared with the control, mild oxidation was beneficial to protein unfolding and gastric digestibility, as manifested by minimal molecular weight (MW) distribution >50 kDa (32.34%) and smaller peptide fragments under scanning electron microscopy. However, severe oxidation brought about 39.47% loss of free amino acids. It was interesting to find that glycinin was more vulnerable to pepsin hydrolysis after oxidation as compared to the native SPI. Overall, the moderately oxidized SPI appeared to be digested to a greater extent.

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