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1.
Food Chem ; 306: 125560, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590002

RESUMO

To control the oxidation in chicken fat by immobilized lipoxygenase (LOX), Maillard reaction products (MRPs) with chicken flavor were prepared and analyzed for flavor mechanism. >50% activity of immobilized LOX was retained after repeated use for five times or five weeks. The oxidized chicken fats were prepared by thermal, free LOX, and immobilized LOX treatments. After addition of chicken fats, Maillard reaction produced more aliphatic aldehydes and alcohols (126.0-839.5 ng/g and 493.5-2332.4 ng/g, respectively) which resulted in noticeable enhanced reaction, but the content of sulfur compounds such as thiols and thiophenes decreased significantly (870.8-1233.9 ng/g and 1125.0-2880.3 ng/g, respectively), and the structure of sulfur compounds could easily form alkyl side chains. However, there was no significant difference in sensory and flavors between oxidized chicken after treatments, which may be related to oxidized degree. The mechanism was proposed or aromatic effects of oxidized chicken fat on flaxseed derived MRPs.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121169, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520931

RESUMO

Nickel (Ni) contamination in soils, at high concentrations, is considered to be very common. Knowledge of the total content of Ni is frequently insufficient to estimate environmental risk. Our explored findings showed that the earthworms adding reduced the available Ni, along with the superior performance of HCl than CaCl2. The bioaccumulation of Ni in earthworms was aggravated with increasing Ni dosage and exposure time. Bioaccumulation factor was significantly correlated with the extractable Ni, which was the most suitable predicting the variations of Ni bioavailability. LC50 of earthworms on 7 and 14 days were 1202.444 mg kg-1 and 1069.324 mg kg-1, respectively along with the recovery rate in 500 mg kg-1 Ni polluted soil reached up to 92.5%. Earthworms' respiration was sensitive presenting a significant dose-effect relationship with the Ni concentration. Five biochemical indices in earthworms were induced along with the relevance of a dose- and time-response pattern. Additionally, histological damage in earthworm's body wall, intestine and seminal vesicles were observed under high level of Ni exposure. Overall, we believe that our current study will open a new window for deeper insights into the potential availability of Ni along with other associated metals on the function of soil ecosystem.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683484

RESUMO

Exaggerated Ca2+ signaling might be one of primary causes of neural dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). And the intracellular Ca2+ overload has been closely associated with amyloid-ß (Aß)-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and memory impairments in AD. Here we showed for the first time the neuroprotective effects of Xestospongin C (XeC), a reversible IP3 receptor antagonist, on the cognitive behaviors and pathology of APP/PS1 AD mice. Male APP/PS1-AD mice (n = 20) were injected intracerebroventricularly with XeC (3µmol) via Alzet osmotic pumps for four weeks, followed by cognition tests, Aß plaque examination, and ER stress-related protein measurement. The results showed that XeC pretreatment significantly improved the cognitive behavior of APP/PS1-AD mice, raising the spontaneous alteration accuracy in Y maze, decreasing the escape latency and increasing the target quadrant swimming time in Morris water maze; XeC pretreatment also reduced the number of Aß plaques and the overexpression of ER stress proteins 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP-78), caspase-12, and CAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) homologous protein (CHOP) in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice. In addition, in vitro experiments showed that XeC effectively ameliorated Aß1 - 42-induced early neuronal apoptosis and intracellular Ca2+ overload in the primary hippocampal neurons. Taken together, IP3R-mediated Ca2+ disorder plays a key role in the cognitive deficits and pathological damages in AD mice. By targeting the IP3 R, XeC might be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy in AD.

4.
Viral Immunol ; 32(9): 383-392, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693458

RESUMO

In this study, the immunoadjuvant effects of recombinant porcine interferon alpha (rPoIFNα) on the killed virus vaccine (KV) of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in pigs were investigated. The experimental pigs were divided into six groups, including normal control group, rPoIFNα control group, PRRSV KV control group, KV+40,000 U rPoIFNα immunization group, KV+400,000 U rPoIFNα immunization group, and KV+4,000,000 U rPoIFNα immunization group. The experimental pigs were boosted immunized on the 28th day after the initial immunization, and the heparinized blood and serum samples were collected at different time points of these two immunizations to detect and evaluate the immune responses of pigs after immunization by ELISA assay, neutralization assay, flow cytometry, and so on. The results showed that the proportion of the levels of PRRSV-specific antibodies, neutralizing antibodies, stimulation index, IL-4, IFN-γ, and lymphocytes within the groups immunized with KV+rPoIFNα were significantly higher than that group immunized with KV alone. The humoral and cellular immune responses in pigs were markedly enhanced by rPoIFNα after the coadministration with KV vaccine. Therefore, we tentatively think that rPoIFNα is a potential immune promoter with prospects for future applications in the pig industry.

5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The optimal systemic treatment for pulmonary large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is still under debate. Previous studies showed that LCNEC with different genomic characteristics might respond differently to different chemotherapy regimens. In this study, we sought to investigate genomic subtyping using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) analysis in advanced LCNEC and assess its potential prognostic and predictive value. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Tumor DNA and cfDNA from 63 patients with LCNEC were analyzed by target-captured sequencing. Survival and response analyses were applied to 54 patients with advanced-stage incurable disease who received first line chemotherapy. RESULTS: The mutation landscape of frequently mutated cancer genes in LCNEC from cfDNA closely resembled that from tumor DNA, which led to a 90% concordance in genomic subtyping. The 63 LCNEC patients were classified into small cell lung cancer (SCLC)-like and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-like LCNEC based on corresponding genomic features derived from tumor DNA and/or cfDNA. Overall, patients with SCLC-like LCNEC had a shorter overall survival (OS) than those with NSCLC-like LCNEC despite higher response rate (RR) to chemotherapy. Furthermore, treatment with etoposide-platinum was associated with superior response and survival in SCLC-like LCNEC compared to pemetrexed-platinum and gemcitabine/taxane-platinum doublets, while treatment with gemcitabine/taxane-platinum led to a shorter survival compared to etoposide-platinum or pemetrexed-platinum in NSCLC-like LCNEC patients. CONCLUSIONS: Genomic subtyping has potentials in prognostication and therapeutic decision-making for patients with LCNEC and cfDNA analysis may be a reliable alternative for genomic profiling of LCNEC.

6.
Oncogene ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754213

RESUMO

EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients inevitably develop drug resistance when treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Systematic genetic analysis is important to understand drug-resistant mechanisms; however, the clinical significance of co-occurring genetic alterations at baseline, co-acquired mutations at progressive disease (PD), and the clonal evolution remain underinvestigated. We performed targeted sequencing of pre-treatment and PD tumor samples from 54 EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients. Ten additional patients were sequenced using whole-exome sequencing to infer the clonal evolution patterns. We observed a domain-dependent effect of PIK3CA mutation at baseline on patient progression-free survival (PFS). In addition, at baseline, 9q34.3/19p13.3 (NOTCH1/STK11/GNA11) showed a co-deletion pattern, which was associated with a significantly worse PFS (p = 0.00079). T790M-postive patients with other concurrent acquired oncogenic mutations had a significantly shorter PFS (p = 0.005). Besides acquired T790M mutation, chromosomal instability (CIN) related genes, including AURKA and TP53 alterations, were the most frequently acquired events. CIN significantly increased during TKI treatment in T790M-negative patients and is a candidate resistance mechanism to the first-generation TKIs. Clonal evolution analyses suggest that the composition and relationship among resistant subclones, particularly relationship with T790M subclone, affect patients' outcomes. Overall, our findings of novel co-occurring alterations and clonal evolution patterns can be served as predictive biomarkers to stratify patients and help to better understand the drug-resistant mechanism to TKIs.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669658

RESUMO

In this study, four sequentially extracted polysaccharides (AEPs) from Amana edulis were modified by sulphation, phosphorylation, and carboxylation modifications (S-AEPs, P-AEPs, C-AEPs), and compared for their anti-oxidant activities. After modification, sugar and protein contents were decreased and uronic acid content was increased in comparison to native AEPs. UV absorption showed similar maximum absorption peaks of modified derivatives which indicated their homogeneous nature. FTIR spectra confirmed the conversion of hydroxyl groups to OS, COO, and POH bonds, respectively. The phosphorylated derivatives (P-AEPs) displayed the highest DPPH, hydroxyl radical, and ferrous ions radical scavenging abilities. Sulfated polysaccharides (S-AEPs) were observed with high reducing ability. The C-AEPs maintained the stable antioxidant properties after carboxylation modification. Our results indicated that the chemical modification of different polysaccharide components has significantly affected their antioxidant potential for their use in food industry and human health.

8.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109810, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698300

RESUMO

In order to predict the effects of climate change on the global carbon cycle, it is crucial to understand the environmental factors that affect soil carbon storage in grasslands. In the present study, we attempted to explain the relationships between the distribution of soil carbon storage with climate, soil types, soil properties and topographical factors across different types of grasslands with different grazing regimes. We measured soil organic carbon in 92 locations at different soil depth increments, from 0 to 100 cm in southwestern China. Among soil types, brown earth soils (Luvisols) had the highest carbon storage with 19.5 ±â€¯2.5 kg m-2, while chernozem soils had the lowest with 6.8 ±â€¯1.2 kg m-2. Mean annual temperature and precipitation, exerted a significant, but, contrasting effects on soil carbon storage. Soil carbon storage increased as mean annual temperature decreased and as mean annual precipitation increased. Across different grassland types, the mean carbon storage for the top 100 cm varied from 7.6 ±â€¯1.3 kg m-2 for temperate desert to 17.3 ±â€¯2.9 kg m-2 for alpine meadow. Grazing/cutting regimes significantly affected soil carbon storage with lowest value (7.9 ±â€¯1.5 kg m-2) recorded for cutting grass, while seasonal (11.4 ±â€¯1.3 kg m-2) and year-long (12.2 ±â€¯1.9 kg m-2) grazing increased carbon storage. The highest carbon storage was found in the completely ungrazed areas (16.7 ±â€¯2.9 kg m-2). Climatic factors, along with soil types and topographical factors, controlled soil carbon density along a soil depth in grasslands. Environmental factors alone explained about 60% of the total variation in soil carbon storage. The actual depth-wise distribution of soil carbon contents was significantly influenced by the grazing intensity and topographical factors. Overall, policy-makers should focus on reducing the grazing intensity and land conversion for the sustainable management of grasslands and C sequestration.

9.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678272

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of vision loss among older adults. The goal of this case-control study was to identify circulating miRNAs for the diagnosis of DR. The miRNeasy Serum/Plasma Kit was used to extract serum miRNAs. The µParaflo™ MicroRNA microarray was used to detect the expression levels of the miRNAs. The miRWalk algorithm was applied to predict the target genes of the miRNAs, which were further confirmed by the dual luciferase reporter gene system in HEK293T cells. A microarray was performed between 5 DR cases and 5 age-, sex-, body mass index-, and duration of diabetes-matched type 2 diabetic (T2DM) controls. The quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique was used to validate the differentially expressed circulating miRNAs in 45 DR cases and 45 well-matched controls. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the performance of the circulating miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for DR. Our microarray analysis screened out miR-2116-5p and miR-3197 as significantly up-regulated in DR cases compared with the controls. Furthermore, two miRNAs were validated in the 45 DR cases and 45 controls. The ROC analysis suggested that both miR-3197 and miR-2116-5p distinguished DR cases from controls. An additional dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that notch homolog 2 (NOTCH2) was the target gene of miR-2116-5p. Both miR-3197 and miR-2116-5p were identified as promising diagnostic biomarkers for DR. Future research is still needed to explore the molecular mechanisms of miR-3197 and miR-2116-5p in the pathogenesis of DR.

10.
Horm Behav ; : 104640, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765661

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that severely affects the health and lifespan of the elderly worldwide. Recently, the correlation between AD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has received intensive attention, and a promising new anti-AD strategy is the use of anti-diabetic drugs. Oxyntomodulin (Oxm) is a peptide hormone and growth factor that acts on neurons in the hypothalamus. OXM activates glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucagon (Gcg) receptors, facilitates insulin signaling and has neuroprotective effects against Aß1-42-induced cytotoxicity in primary hippocampal neurons. Here, we tested the effects of the protease-resistant analogue (D-Ser2)Oxm on spatial memory and synaptic plasticity and the underlying molecular mechanisms in the APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model of AD. The results showed that (D-Ser2)Oxm not only alleviated the impairments of working memory and long-term spatial memory, but also reduced the number of Aß plaques in the hippocampus, and reversed the suppression of hippocampal synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP). Moreover, (D-Ser2)Oxm administration significantly increased p-PI3K/p-AKT1 expression and decreased p-GSK3ß levels in the hippocampus. These results are the first to show an in vivo neuroprotective role of (D-Ser2)Oxm in APP/PS1 mice, and this role involves the improvement of synaptic plasticity, clearance of Aß and normalization of PI3K/AKT/GSK3ß cell signaling in the hippocampus. This study suggests that (D-Ser2)Oxm holds promise for the prevention and treatment of AD.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134884, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767325

RESUMO

The hadal environment is the deepest part of the ocean and harbors a significant number of unique microbial communities. Here, we collected core sediment samples of Southern Yap Trench with the deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong and analyzed the microbial community structure and abundance in the samples through high-throughput sequencing and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR), taking physicochemical parameters into account to explore potential environmental drivers and metabolic pathways therein. Considering the typical "V-shape" topography and frequent sediment collapses on trench walls, the core sediments of Southern Yap Trench harbored distinct microbial populations with fluctuating distributions and metabolic processes dominated by Proteobacteria and Thaumarchaeota. To discover the main potential metabolic processes of microbes, functional genes were detected by qPCR. The abundance of bacteria was greater than that of archaea in Southern Yap Trench sediments. The abundance of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA), ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and denitrifying bacteria (denitrifier) decreased with increasing depth and decreasing total organic carbon (TOC%) and total nitrogen (TN%) and showed a positive and significant correlation with TOC% (P < 0.01), TN% (P < 0.01), TOC/TN molar ratio (C/N ratio) (P < 0.01) and median grain size (P < 0.01). From the perspective of function based on the 16S rRNA gene, aerobic ammonium oxidization, carbon assimilation, and chemoheterotrophic function may be the dominant processes in Southern Yap Trench sediments. Moreover, considering the isolated geomorphological and hydrological characteristics of Southern Yap Trench, we hypothesized that the distinct hadal microbial ecosystem was driven by the endogenous recycling of organic matter in the hadal sediments associated with the trench geomorphology.

12.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 82(19): 1045-1051, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735125

RESUMO

Cerebral infarction occurs as a consequence of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI). Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GbE) is composed predominantly of active ingredients such as flavonoids and terpene lactones and often used to treat cerebrovascular diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying the use of this herbal extract to treat cerebrovascular-mediated damage are not known. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of administration GbE to ameliorate the observed consequences of CIRI. The following parameters were measured: (1) behavioral score (2) infarct area (3) the content of serum malondialdehyde (MDA) as well as activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and (4) interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression levels in the infarcted brain tissue. Data demonstrated that treatment with GbE to CIRI rats resulted in significant reduction in cerebral-infarcted area associated with improvement in behavioral score. GbE was found to decrease serum MDA levels concomitant with elevated activity levels of SOD and GSH-PX. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis showed that GbE significantly lowered the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the infarcted brain tissue. Data suggest that GbE may be therapeutically effective in improving behavioral score in CIRI rats through reduction of oxidative stress and anti-inflammation in the cerebral infarction region.

13.
Biosci Rep ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746333

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified as crucial regulators of gene expression in human cancer biology. CircZFR is a novel identified circRNA and its effect in bladder cancer remains unclearly. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of circZFR in the progression of bladder cancer. Firstly, we demonstrated that the expression of circZFR was higher in bladder cancer tissues and cells compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues and normal bladder epithelial cells. And higher circZFR levels were positively correlated with bladder cancer patients' pathological T stage, grade, lymphatic metastasis, recurrence, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Functionally, knockdown of circZFR could significantly prohibit cell growth, migration and invasion, arrest cell cycle as well as promote apoptosis of bladder cancer cells in vitro study. Mechanistically, we observed that circZFR could directly bind to miR-377 as sponge to promote ZEB2 expression in bladder cancer cells. In addition, rescue assays demonstrated that restoration of ZEB2 significantly impaired the suppressive effects of circZFR silencing on bladder cancer cells growth, migration and invasion. Taken together, our results illuminated that circZFR could be a prognostic biomarker in bladder cancer and exerted oncogenic roles through regulating miR-377/ZEB2 axis in bladder cancer, which indicated that circZFR could be a potential therapeutic target for bladder cancer patients treatment.

14.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666300

RESUMO

Histone H2B monoubiquitination (H2Bub1) plays critical roles in regulating growth and development as well as stress responses in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). In this study, we used wild-type and HUB1 and HUB2 loss-of-function Arabidopsis plants to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the regulation of the plant's defense responses to Verticillium dahliae toxins (Vd-toxins). We demonstrated that HUB-mediated H2Bub1 regulates the expression of NADPH oxidase RbohD by enhancing the enrichment of histone H3 tri-methylated on K4 in response to Vd-toxins. RbohD-dependent hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) signaling is a critical modulator in the defense response against Vd-toxins. Moreover, H2Bub1 also affects posttranscriptional mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK, or MPK) signaling. H2Bub1 was required for the activation of MPK3 and MPK6. MPK3 and MPK6 are involved in regulating RbohD-mediated H2O2 production. MPK3 and MPK6 are associated with protein Tyr phosphatases (PTPs), such as Tyr-specific phosphatase 1 and mitogen-activated protein kinases phosphatase 1, which negatively regulated H2O2 production. In addition, H2Bub1 is involved in regulating the expression of WRKY33. WRKY33 directly binds to RbohD and functions as a transcription factor to regulate the expression of RbohD. Collectively, our results indicate that H2Bub1 regulates NADPH oxidase RbohD-dependent H2O2 production, and the PTPs-MPK3/6-WRKY pathway plays an important role in the regulation of RbohD-dependent H2O2 signaling in defense responses to Vd-toxins in Arabidopsis.

15.
Mol Med ; 25(1): 47, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hunt for the molecular markers with specificity and sensitivity has been a hot area for the tumor treatment. Due to the poor diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer (PC), the excision rate is often low, which makes it more urgent to find the ideal tumor markers. METHODS: Robust Rank Aggreg (RRA) methods was firstly applied to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between PC tissues and normal tissues from GSE28735, GSE15471, GSE16515, and GSE101448. Among these DEGs, the highly correlated genes were clustered using WGCNA analysis. The co-expression networks and molecular complex detection (MCODE) Cytoscape app were then performed to find the sub-clusters and confirm 35 candidate genes. For these genes, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (lasso) regression model was applied and validated to build a diagnostic risk score model. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used and validated to build a prognostic model. RESULTS: Based on integrated transcriptomic analysis, we identified a 19 gene module (SYCN, PNLIPRP1, CAP2, GNMT, MAT1A, ABAT, GPT2, ADHFE1, PHGDH, PSAT1, ERP27, PDIA2, MT1H, COMP, COL5A2, FN1, COL1A2, FAP and POSTN) as a specific predictive signature for the diagnosis of PC. Based on the two consideration, accuracy and feasibility, we simplified the diagnostic risk model as a four-gene model: 0.3034*log2(MAT1A)-0.1526*log2(MT1H) + 0.4645*log2(FN1) -0.2244*log2(FAP), log2(gene count). Besides, a four-hub gene module was also identified as prognostic model = - 1.400*log2(CEL) + 1.321*log2(CPA1) + 0.454*log2(POSTN) + 1.011*log2(PM20D1), log2(gene count). CONCLUSION: Integrated transcriptomic analysis identifies two four-hub gene modules as specific predictive signatures for the diagnosis and prognosis of PC, which may bring new sight for the clinical practice of PC.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727522

RESUMO

In this work, we developed a simple, effective fluorescence method to detect Hg2+ by inhibiting core-satellite assemblies of gold nanorods (AuNRs) and gold nanospheres (AuNPs). The fluorescence of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G), which was simply mixed with the nanoassemblies, was efficiently quenched by the inner filter effect (IFE). When the heterogenous core-satellite nanostructures were assembled, the corresponding local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption shifts and broadens which results in the increase of the spectral overlap between the emission peak and the absorption band and more efficient energy transfer from Rh6G to nanoparticles. Fluorescence quenching efficiency is related to the size and number density of satellite nanoparticles. It is interesting that the AuNR-AuNP assemblies with the moderate size and high density of AuNPs have the best fluorescence quenching efficiency. In the presence of Hg2+, p-aminothiophenol (p-ATP) breaks away from the surface of AuNRs and competitively bounds to Hg2+, resulting in a low yield of the AuNR-AuNP assemblies, which further leads to the decrease of fluorescence quenching efficiency. Under the optimum conditions, the limit of detection (LOD) for Hg2+ was 0.18 nM, with an excellent linear response from 0.6 to 800 nM. Interference experiment and real samples detection indicate that these nanosensors endowed with higher sensitivity and selectivity for the detection of Hg2+ in the real samples. Compared with the conventional Hg2+ detection techniques, this method based on Hg2+ induced inhibition of core-satellite AuNR-AuNP assemblies has better performance and is suitable for the detection of Hg2+.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16799, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728015

RESUMO

Although tropical forest soils contributed substantially global soil methane uptake, observations on soil methane fluxes in tropical forests are still sparse, especially in Southeast Asia, leading to large uncertainty in the estimation of global soil methane uptake. Here, we conducted two-year (from Sep, 2016 to Sep, 2018) measurements of soil methane fluxes in a lowland tropical forest site in Hainan island, China. At this tropical forest site, soils were substantial methane sink, and average annual soil methane uptake was estimated at 2.00 kg CH4-C ha-1 yr-1. The seasonality of soil methane uptake showed strong methane uptake in the dry season (-1.00 nmol m-2 s-1) and almost neutral or weak soil methane uptake in the wet season (-0.24 nmol m-2 s-1). The peak soil methane uptake rate was observed as -1.43 nmol m-2 s-1 in February, 2018, the driest and coolest month during the past 24 months. Soil moisture was the dominant controller of methane fluxes, and could explain 94% seasonal variation of soil methane fluxes. Soil temperature could not enhance the explanation of seasonal variation of soil methane fluxes on the top of soil moisture. A positive relationship between soil methane uptake and soil respiration was also detected, which might indicate co-variation in activities of methanotroph and roots and/or microbes for soil heterotrophic respiration. Our study highlights that tropical forests in this region acted as a methane sink.

18.
Placenta ; 89: 33-41, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Embryo implantation depends on trophoblast cells migration and invasion. Abnormal function of trophoblast cells could result in many pregnancy complications. Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine like-1 (SPARCL1) has been reported to inhibit cell migration and tumor invasion. This study aimed to explore the role of SPARCL1 in trophoblast functions. METHODS: Villous specimens were obtained from 31 women with spontaneous abortion and 31 women with normal early pregnancy to determine the expression of SPARCL1. HTR8/SVneo cells and JAR cells were transfected with pIRES2-EGFP-SPARCL1 vectors and control vectors. The proliferation assay and scratch-wound assay were performed. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blotting were performed to assess epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related molecules including MMP2, MMP3, N-cadherin, E-cadherin and vimentin. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation activity and AP-1 expression in HTR8/SVneo cells following multi-scratching were detected using above assays. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein levels of SPARCL1 were significantly higher in the abortion group than in the normal pregnancy group. After transfection, there was no difference of cell viability between the SPARCL1-overexpression group and control vector group. However, the migration distance and area were reduced and the abundances of EMT related molecules were changed by SPARCL1 overexpression when compared with controls. Lower ERK phosphorylation activity and decreased Fos and Jun expressions were noted at high level of SPARCL1. CONCLUSION: Restrained migration and invasion were noted in trophoblast cells with SPARCL1 overexpression, which might affect embryo implantation and placenta development. It could be involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneous abortion.

19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 714-718, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699206

RESUMO

Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1(LGI1)antibody-associated encephalitis is an autoimmune brain disease mainly seen in mid-aged and elderly people.Its main clinical manifestations include abnormal mental behaviors,facial-arm dystonia,hyponatremia,and hypokalemia.Immunotherapy with gamma globulin and/or hormone is effective.Two patients with LGT1 antibody-associated encephalitis were diagnosed in our center between January 2018 and October 2018,with typical clinical findings.The disease was cursed after immunoglobulin and hormone treatments.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Encefalite/diagnóstico , Proteínas/imunologia , Encefalite/terapia , Humanos
20.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(6): 1463-1474, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials comparing platelet-rich plasma to standard wound care for chronic wounds have been published. Previous articles have revealed that the role of platelet-rich plasma in promoting chronic wound healing is uncertain. This quantitative meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate whether superior outcomes can be obtained by using platelet-rich plasma in nonhealing ulcers compared with traditional wound care. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and Cochrane databases were searched through November of 2018 for randomized controlled trials comparing platelet-rich plasma to standard wound care for chronic wounds. For binary outcome measures, we calculated the risk ratio. The continuous outcomes were expressed as the mean differences. Subgroup analyses were also performed according to the type of chronic ulcer. RESULTS: Overall, 630 adult patients in 15 randomized controlled trials from 2000 to 2018 were included. The number of ulcers healed in the platelet-rich plasma group was higher than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (risk ratio, 1.26; 95 percent CI, 1.11 to 1.42; p = 0.0003). During the fourth week of follow-up, the number of ulcers healed in the platelet-rich plasma group was significantly greater than in the control group (risk ratio, 3.50; 95 percent CI, 1.80 to 6.81; p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: Platelet-rich plasma is a valuable and safe treatment dressing for chronic nonhealing ulcers; it is simple to prepare and has remarkable effects. Further high-quality prospective studies are necessary to validate these results. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, II.

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