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1.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(7): 124, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors and antiangiogenic agents has been effective in treating multiple cancers. This was further explored in an open-label, multicenter phase 2 basket study (NCT04346381), which evaluated the antitumor activity and safety of camrelizumab (an anti-PD-1 antibody) plus famitinib (a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) in patients with advanced solid tumors. We herein report the findings from the cohort of advanced NSCLC patients who progressed after treatment with platinum-doublet chemotherapy and immunotherapy. METHODS: Eligible patients were enrolled and treated with camrelizumab (200 mg once every 3 weeks via intravenous infusion) and oral famitinib (20 mg once daily). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included the disease control rate (DCR), duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety. RESULTS: Forty patients were enrolled in this cohort, with a median follow-up duration of 11.5 months. Three patients (7.5%) achieved a partial response, and 29 patients (72.5%) achieved stable disease. The ORR and DCR with this combination regimen were 7.5% (95% CI, 1.6-20.4) and 80.0% (95% CI, 64.4-90.9), respectively. The median DoR was 12.1 months (95% CI, 10.3-not reached). The median PFS was 5.4 months (95% CI, 4.1-7.5), and the median OS was 12.1 months (95% CI, 9.1-16.7). The estimated 12-month OS rate was 51.5% (95% CI, 34.9-65.9). The most frequent grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events occurring in more than 5% of patients included hypertension (27.5%), palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome (10%), decreased neutrophil count (10%), and proteinuria (7.5%). CONCLUSION: Camrelizumab plus famitinib demonstrated favorable benefits in PFS and OS, along with manageable safety profiles, in patients with advanced NSCLC who progressed after platinum-doublet chemotherapy and immunotherapy. This finding warrants further exploration.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Idoso , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia/métodos , Indóis , Pirróis
3.
iScience ; 27(4): 109297, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715943

RESUMO

The One Health (OH) approach is used to control/prevent zoonotic events. However, there is a lack of tools for systematically assessing OH practices. Here, we applied the Global OH Index (GOHI) to evaluate the global OH performance for zoonoses (GOHI-Zoonoses). The fuzzy analytic hierarchy process algorithm and fuzzy comparison matrix were used to calculate the weights and scores of five key indicators, 16 subindicators, and 31 datasets for 160 countries and territories worldwide. The distribution of GOHI-Zoonoses scores varies significantly across countries and regions, reflecting the strengths and weaknesses in controlling or responding to zoonotic threats. Correlation analyses revealed that the GOHI-Zoonoses score was associated with economic, sociodemographic, environmental, climatic, and zoological factors. Additionally, the Human Development Index had a positive effect on the score. This study provides an evidence-based reference and guidance for global, regional, and country-level efforts to optimize the health of people, animals, and the environment.

4.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718190

RESUMO

Anlotinib is an antiangiogenic drug that shows good efficacy and safety in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of anlotinib for consolidation therapy in patients with stage III locally advanced, unresectable NSCLC after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT). This was a randomized, parallel-controlled, open-label, multicenter, phase II trial of patients with unresectable/nonoperated NSCLC treated with cCRT. The participants were randomized 2:1 to the anlotinib or control group. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoints were the disease control rate (DCR) and overall survival. This study was terminated early due to poor recruitment. Nine and two participants were randomly assigned to the anlotinib and control groups, respectively. One participant in the control group was excluded due to taking prohibited medications before the first efficacy evaluation. In the anlotinib group, the median age was 63 (range, 37-74) years. Two participants achieved partial response, six stable disease, and one progressive disease as best response. The DCR was 88.9%. The median PFS was 11.5 months, and the 12-month PFS rate was 33.9%. All related adverse events were grade 1 or 2. Two participants had a dose adjustment during the study. The evaluable data suggest that anlotinib alone was effective and tolerable in consolidation therapy after cCRT in patients with stage III unresectable NSCLC. The results need to be confirmed by a large-sample trial. This clinical trial was registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03743129). Registration date: 6 September 2018.

5.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 454-465, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721506

RESUMO

AIM: To identify disease-causative mutations in families with congenital cataract. METHODS: Two Chinese families with autosomal-dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) were recruited and underwent comprehensive eye examinations. Gene panel next-generation sequencing of common pathogenic genes of congenital cataract was performed in the proband of each family. Sanger sequencing was used to valid the candidate gene mutations and sequence the other family members for co-segregation analysis. The effect of sequence changes on protein structure and function was predicted through bioinformatics analysis. Major intrinsic protein (MIP)-wildtype and MIP-G29R plasmids were constructed and microinjected into zebrafish single-cell stage embryos. Zebrafish embryonic lens phenotypes were screened using confocal microscopy. RESULTS: A novel heterozygous mutation (c.85G>A; p.G29R) in the MIP gene was identified in the proband of one family. A known heterozygous mutation (c.97C>T; p.R33C; rs864309693) in MIP was found in the proband of another family. In-silico prediction indicated that the novel mutation might affect the MIP protein function. Zebrafish embryonic lens was uniformly transparent in both wild-type PCS2+MIP and mutant PCS2+MIP. CONCLUSION: Two missense mutations in the MIP gene in Chinese cataract families are identified, and one of which is novel. These findings expand the genetic spectrum of MIP mutations associated with cataracts. The functional studies suggest that the novel MIP mutation might not be a gain-of-function but a loss-of-function mutation.

6.
Food Chem ; 451: 139454, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703725

RESUMO

Morphology regulation of heterodimer nanoparticles and the use of their asymmetric features for further practical applications are crucial because of the rich optical properties and various combinations of heterodimers. This work used silicon to asymmetrically wrap half of a gold sphere and grew gold branches on the bare gold surface to form heterogeneous nano pineapples (NPPs) which can effectively improve Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) properties through chemical enhancement and lightning-rod effect respectively. The asymmetric structures of NPPs enabled them to self-assemble into the monolayer membrane with consistent branch orientation. The prepared substrate had high homogeneity and better SERS ability than disorganized substrates, and achieved reliable detection of malachite green (MG) in clams with a detection limit of 7.8 × 10-11 M. This work provided a guide to further revise the morphology of heterodimers and a new idea for the use of asymmetric dimers for practically photochemical and biomedical sensing.

7.
Food Chem ; 451: 139521, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703735

RESUMO

This study explored the use of ionic liquid-ultrasound (ILU)-assisted extraction to enhance the extraction rate of Platycodon grandiflorum saponins (PGSs), and the content, extraction mechanism, antioxidant activity, whitening, and antiaging activity of PGSs prepared using ILU, ultrasound-water, thermal reflux-ethanol, and cellulase hydrolysis were compared. The ILU method particularly disrupted the cell wall, improved PGS extraction efficiency, and yielded a high total saponin content of 1.45 ± 0.02 mg/g. Five monomeric saponins were identified, with platycodin D being the most abundant at 1.357 mg/g. PGSs displayed excellent in vitro antioxidant activity and exhibited inhibitory effects on tyrosinase, elastase, and hyaluronidase. The results suggest that PGSs may have broad antioxidant, skin-whitening, and antiaging potential to a large extent. Overall, this study provided valuable insights into the extraction, identification, and bioactivities of PGSs, which could serve as a reference for future development and application of these compounds in the functional foods industry.

8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3752, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704400

RESUMO

While accurate mapping of strain distribution is crucial for assessing stress concentration and estimating fatigue life in engineering applications, conventional strain sensor arrays face a great challenge in balancing sensitivity and sensing density for effective strain mapping. In this study, we present a Fowler-Nordheim tunneling effect of monodispersed spiky carbon nanosphere array on polydimethylsiloxane as strain sensor arrays to achieve a sensitivity up to 70,000, a sensing density of 100 pixel cm-2, and logarithmic linearity over 99% within a wide strain range of 0% to 60%. The highly ordered assembly of spiky carbon nanospheres in each unit also ensures high inter-unit consistency (standard deviation ≤3.82%). Furthermore, this sensor array can conformally cover diverse surfaces, enabling accurate acquisition of strain distributions. The sensing array offers a convenient approach for mapping strain fields in various applications such as flexible electronics, soft robotics, biomechanics, and structure health monitoring.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698602

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Preoperative evaluation of pulmonary vascular and tracheal routes and variations is of great importance to the surgeon. Three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) has evolved in recent years with the optimization of 3D reconstruction techniques and artificial intelligence. We aim to apply CT angiography and Exoview 3D reconstruction technology to assess patients' pulmonary arterial tree and its anatomical variants and to try to summarize a set of anatomical typing of the pulmonary arterial tree that is relatively easy and conducive to promoting teaching based on surgical habits of lobectomy. METHODS: A total of 358 patients hospitalized in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between July 2020 and August 2021 were included in this study. We carefully analyzed the site of emanation, alignment, and number of branches of the pulmonary artery according to a uniform classification method in conjunction with the two-dimensional CT images and transformed them into 3D reconstruction models. RESULTS: Different types of pulmonary artery were observed in 358 cases. We evaluated the complete pulmonary artery tree and counted the number and frequency of major arteries of the pulmonary based on the surgical habits of anatomical lobectomy. CONCLUSION: The 3D-CTBA technique enables us to adequately assess the anatomy of the pulmonary arteries. Moreover, we provide a practical classification scheme of pulmonary arterial anatomical patterns based on lobectomy and 3D-CTBA. Our data can be used by clinicians in the teaching of pulmonary artery anatomy and the preoperative preparation for anatomical lobectomy.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404481, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699952

RESUMO

The pursuit of fabricating high-performance graphene films has aroused considerable attention due to their potential for practical applications. However, developing both stretchable and tough graphene films remains a formidable challenge. To address this issue, we herein introduce mechanical bond to comprehensively improve the mechanical properties of graphene films, utilizing [2]rotaxane as the bridging unit. Under external force, the [2]rotaxane cross-link undergoes intramolecular motion, releasing hidden chain and increasing the interlayer slip distance between graphene nanosheets. Compared with graphene films without [2]rotaxane cross-linking, the presence of mechanical bond not only boosted the strength of graphene films (247.3 vs 74.8 MPa) but also markedly promoted the tensile strain (23.6 vs 10.2%) and toughness (23.9 vs 4.0 MJ/m3). Notably, the achieved tensile strain sets a record high and the toughness surpasses most reported results, rendering the graphene films suitable for applications as flexible electrodes. Even when the films were stretched within a 20% strain and repeatedly bent vertically, the light-emitting diodes maintained an on-state with little changes in brightness. Additionally, the film electrodes effectively actuated mechanical joints, enabling uninterrupted grasping movements. Therefore, the study holds promise for expanding the application of graphene films and simultaneously inspiring the development of other high-performance two-dimensional films.

11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402645, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738739

RESUMO

The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 represents an environmentally friendly and sustainable approach for generating valuable chemicals. In this study, a thiophene-modified highly conjugated asymmetric covalent triazine framework (As-CTF-S) is developed for this purpose. Significantly, single-component intramolecular energy transfer can enhance the photogenerated charge separation, leading to the efficient conversion of CO2 to CO during photocatalysis. As a result, without the need for additional photosensitizers or organic sacrificial agents, As-CTF-S demonstrates the highest photocatalytic ability of 353.2 µmol g-1 and achieves a selectivity of ≈99.95% within a 4 h period under visible light irradiation. This study provides molecular insights into the rational control of charge transfer pathways for high-efficiency CO2 photoreduction using single-component organic semiconductor catalysts.

12.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731324

RESUMO

Bartonella is an intracellular parasitic zoonotic pathogen that can infect animals and cause a variety of human diseases. This study investigates Bartonella prevalence in small mammals in Yunnan Province, China, focusing on tissue tropism. A total of 333 small mammals were sampled from thirteen species, three orders, four families, and four genera in Heqing and Gongshan Counties. Conventional PCR and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) were utilized for detection and quantification, followed by bioinformatic analysis of obtained DNA sequences. Results show a 31.5% detection rate, varying across species. Notably, Apodemus chevrieri, Eothenomys eleusis, Niviventer fulvescens, Rattus tanezumi, Episoriculus leucops, Anourosorex squamipes, and Ochotona Thibetana exhibited infection rates of 44.4%, 27.7%, 100.0%, 6.3%, 60.0%, 23.5%, and 22.2%, respectively. Genetic analysis identified thirty, ten, and five strains based on ssrA, rpoB, and gltA genes, with nucleotide identities ranging from 92.1% to 100.0%. Bartonella strains were assigned to B. grahamii, B. rochalimae, B. sendai, B. koshimizu, B. phoceensis, B. taylorii, and a new species identified in Episoriculus leucops (GS136). Analysis of the different tissues naturally infected by Bartonella species revealed varied copy numbers across different tissues, with the highest load in spleen tissue. These findings underscore Bartonella's diverse species and host range in Yunnan Province, highlighting the presence of extensive tissue tropism in Bartonella species naturally infecting small mammalian tissues.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406937, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656692

RESUMO

Polymers are ideally utilized as damping materials due to the high internal friction of molecular chains, enabling effective suppression of vibrations and noises in various fields. Current strategies rely on broadening the glass transition region or introducing additional relaxation components to enhance the energy dissipation capacity of polymeric damping materials. However, it remains a significant challenge to achieve high damping efficiency through structural control while maintaining dynamic characteristics.  In this work, we propose a new strategy to develop hyperbranched vitrimers (HBVs) containing dense pendant chains and loose dynamic crosslinked networks. A novel yet weak dynamic transesterification between the carboxyl and boronic acid ester was confirmed and used to prepare HBVs based on poly (hexyl methacrylate-2-(4-ethenylphenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborinane) P(HMA-co-ViCL) copolymers. The ABn-type of macromonomers, the crosslinking points formed by the dynamic covalent connection via the associative exchange, and the weak yet dynamic exchange reaction are the three keys to developing high-performance HBV damping materials. We found that P(HMA-co-ViCL) 20k-40-60 HBV exhibited ultrahigh energy-dissipation performance over a broad frequency and temperature range, attributed to the synergistic effect of dense pendant chains and weak dynamic covalent crosslinks. This unique design concept will provide a general approach to developing advanced damping materials.

14.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667173

RESUMO

Since different quantities of white blood cells (WBCs) in solution possess an adaptive osmotic pressure of cells, the WBCs themselves and in solution have similar concentrations, resulting in them having similar dielectric properties. Therefore, a microwave sensor could have difficulty in sensing the quantity variation when WBCs are in solution. This paper presents a highly sensitive, linear permittivity-inspired microwave biosensor for WBCs, counting through the evaporation method. Such a measurement method is proposed to record measurements after the cell solution is dripped onto the chip and is completely evaporated naturally. The proposed biosensor consists of an air-bridged asymmetric differential inductor and a centrally located circular fork-finger capacitor fabricated on a GaAs substrate using integrated passive fabrication technology. It is optimized to feature a larger sensitive area and improved Q-factor, which increases the effective area of interaction between cells and the electromagnetic field and facilitates the detection of their changes in number. The sensing relies on the dielectric properties of the cells and the change in the dielectric constant for different concentrations, and the change in resonance properties, which mainly represents the frequency shift, corresponds to the macroscopic change in the concentration of the cells. The microwave biosensors are used to measure biological samples with concentrations ranging from 0.25 × 106 to 8 × 106 cells per mL in a temperature (26.00 ± 0.40 °C) and humidity (54.40 ± 3.90 RH%) environment. The measurement results show a high sensitivity of 25.06 Hz/cells·mL-1 with a highly linear response of r2 = 0.99748. In addition, a mathematical modeling of individual cells in suspension is performed to estimate the dielectric constant of individual cells and further explain the working mechanism of the proposed microwave biosensor.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucócitos/citologia , Micro-Ondas
15.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(3): 540-548, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38680947

RESUMO

The chromosomal position effect can significantly affect the transgene expression, which may provide an efficient strategy for the inauguration of alien genes in new hosts, but has been less explored rationally. The bacterium Myxococcus xanthus harbors a large circular high-GC genome, and the position effect in this chassis may result in a thousand-fold expression variation of alien natural products. In this study, we conducted transposon insertion at TA sites on the M. xanthus genome, and used enrichment and dilution indexes to respectively appraise high and low expression potentials of alien genes at insertion sites. The enrichment sites are characteristically distributed along the genome, and the dilution sites are overlapped well with the horizontal transfer genes. We experimentally demonstrated the enrichment sites as high expression integration sites (HEISs), and the dilution sites unsuitable for gene integration expression. This work highlights that HEISs are the plug-and-play sites for efficient expression of integrated genes.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 928: 172321, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604373

RESUMO

Understanding of the photochemical ozone (O3) pollution over the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) of southern China remains limited. We performed an in-depth analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) data collected on an island (i.e., the Da Wan Shan Island, DWS) located at the downwind of Pearl River Delta (PRD) from 26 November to 15 December 2021. Abundances of O3 and its precursors were measured when the air masses originated from the inland PRD. We observed that the VOCs levels at the DWS site were lower, while the mixing ratio of O3 was higher, compared to those reported at inland PRD, indicating the occurrence of photochemical consumption of VOCs during the air masses transport, which was further confirmed by the composition and diurnal variations of VOCs, as well as ratios of specific VOCs. The simulation results from a photochemical box model showed that the O3 level in the outflow air masses of inland PRD (O3(out-flow)) was the dominant factor leading to the intensification of O3 pollution and the enhancement of atmospheric radical concentrations (ARC) over PRE, which was mainly contributed by the O3 production via photochemical consumption of VOCs during air masses transport. Overall, our findings provided direct quantitative evidence for the roles of outflow O3 and its precursors from inland PRD on O3 abundance and ARC over the PRE area, highlighting that alleviation of O3 pollution over PRE should focus on the impact of photochemical loss of VOCs in the outflow air masses from inland PRD.

17.
Theor Appl Genet ; 137(5): 103, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613680

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: The HaOr5 resistance gene is located in a large genomic insertion containing putative resistance genes and provides resistance to O. cumana, preventing successful connection to the sunflower root vascular system. Orobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) is a parasitic plant that is part of the Orobanchaceae family and specifically infests sunflower crops. This weed is an obligate parasitic plant that does not carry out photosynthetic activity or develop roots and is fully dependent on its host for its development. It produces thousands of dust-like seeds per plant. It possesses a high spreading ability and has been shown to quickly overcome resistance genes successively introduced by selection in cultivated sunflower varieties. The first part of its life cycle occurs underground. The connection to the sunflower vascular system is essential for parasitic plant survival and development. The HaOr5 gene provides resistance to sunflower broomrape race E by preventing the connection of O. cumana to the root vascular system. We mapped a single position of the HaOr5 gene by quantitative trait locus mapping using two segregating populations. The same location of the HaOr5 gene was identified by genome-wide association. Using a large population of thousands of F2 plants, we restricted the location of the HaOr5 gene to a genomic region of 193 kb. By sequencing the whole genome of the resistant line harboring the major resistance gene HaOr5, we identified a large insertion of a complex genomic region containing a cluster of putative resistance genes.


Assuntos
Helianthus , Orobanche , Helianthus/genética , Orobanche/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genômica
18.
Br J Cancer ; 130(10): 1679-1686, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tepotinib, a MET inhibitor approved for the treatment of MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping NSCLC, demonstrated durable clinical activity in VISION (Cohort A + C; N = 313): objective response rate (ORR) 51.4% (95% CI: 45.8, 57.1); median duration of response (mDOR) 18.0 months (95% CI: 12.4, 46.4). We report outcomes in Asian patients from VISION (Cohort A + C) (cut-off: November 20, 2022). METHODS: Patients with advanced METex14 skipping NSCLC, detected by liquid or tissue biopsy, received tepotinib 500 mg (450 mg active moiety) once daily. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: objective response (RECIST 1.1) by independent review. Secondary endpoints included: DOR, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), safety, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RESULTS: Across treatment lines in 106 Asian patients (39.6% female, 43.4% smoking history, 79.2% adenocarcinoma, 47.2% treatment-naive), ORR was 56.6% (95% CI: 46.6, 66.2), mDOR 18.5 months (10.4, ne), mPFS 13.8 months (10.8, 22.0), and mOS 25.5 months (19.3, 36.4). Consistent efficacy observed, regardless of baseline characteristics. HRQoL remained stable during treatment. Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) occurred in 95.3% of patients (39.6% Grade ≥3). Most common TRAEs: peripheral edema (62.3%), creatinine increase (38.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Tepotinib demonstrated robust and durable efficacy, with a manageable safety profile, in Asian patients with METex14 skipping NSCLC. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02864992.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Éxons , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Idoso , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/genética , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Povo Asiático/genética , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Piperidinas , Piridazinas
19.
J Cancer ; 15(9): 2759-2769, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577612

RESUMO

Mitochondria participate in varieties of cellular events. It is widely accepted that human mitochondrial genome encodes 13 proteins, 2 rRNAs, and 22 tRNAs. Gene variation derived from human nuclear genome cannot completely explain mitochondrial diseases. The advent of high-throughput sequencing coupled with novel bioinformatic analyses decode the complexity of mitochondria-derived transcripts. Recently, circular RNAs (circRNAs) from both human mitochondrial genome and nuclear genome have been found to be located at mitochondria. Studies about the roles and molecular mechanisms underlying trafficking of the nucleus encoded circRNAs to mitochondria and mitochondria encoded circRNAs to the nucleus or cytoplasm in mammals are only beginning to emerge. These circRNAs have been associated with a variety of diseases, especially cancers. Here, we discuss the emerging field of mitochondria-located circRNAs by reviewing their identification, expression patterns, regulatory roles, and functional mechanisms. Mitochondria-located circRNAs have regulatory roles in cellular physiology and pathology. We also highlight future perspectives and challenges in studying mitochondria-located circRNAs, as well as their potential biomedical applications.

20.
Neurorehabil Neural Repair ; 38(6): 425-436, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corticospinal tract (CST) is the principal motor pathway; we aim to explore the structural plasticity mechanism in CST during stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 25 patients underwent diffusion tensor imaging before rehabilitation (T1), 1-month post-rehabilitation (T2), 2 months post-rehabilitation (T3), and 1-year post-discharge (T4). The CST was segmented, and fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusion (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were determined using automated fiber quantification tractography. Baseline level of laterality index (LI) and motor function for correlation analysis. RESULTS: The FA values of all segments in the ipsilesional CST (IL-CST) were lower compared with normal CST. Repeated measures analysis of variance showed time-related effects on FA, AD, and MD of the IL-CST, and there were similar dynamic trends in these 3 parameters. At T1, FA, AD, and MD values of the mid-upper segments of IL-CST (around the core lesions) were the lowest; at T2 and T3, values for the mid-lower segments were lower than those at T1, while the values for the mid-upper segments gradually increased; at T4, the values for almost entire IL-CST were higher than before. The highest LI was observed at T2, with a predominance in contralesional CST. The LIs for the FA and AD at T1 were positively correlated with the change rate of motor function. CONCLUSIONS: IL-CST showed aggravation followed by improvement from around the lesion to the distal end. Balance of interhemispheric CST may be closely related to motor function, and LIs for FA and AD may have predictive value for mild-to-moderate stroke rehabilitation. Clinical Trial Registration. URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn; Unique Identifier: ChiCTR1800019474.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Plasticidade Neuronal , Tratos Piramidais , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Tratos Piramidais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tratos Piramidais/fisiopatologia , Tratos Piramidais/patologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Idoso , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto
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