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1.
Food Chem ; 340: 127880, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877847

RESUMO

We applied oven-roasting on soybean in order to investigate their physicochemical, sensory, and volatile profiles using electronic nose and HS-SPME-GC-MS. Results revealed a temperature dependent kinetic on the physicochemical index except fat content. Roasting at 200 °C for 20 min decreased the protein dispersibility index about 38%; while, lipoxygenase and peroxidase were entirely inactivated. The primary heat sensitive amino acids were methionine, arginine, and cysteine. Electronic nose showed certain capacity to discriminate varying roasted soybeans. Out of 41 volatile compounds identified in soybean headspace, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine showed the highest abundance of 411.18 µg/Kg. Regression model suggested the association of hexanal and aliphatic alcohols with beany flavor, while pyrazines, heterocycles, and furanoids showed a positive correlation with roasted flavor. The selected flavor markers can be used to predict the development of flavor in roasted soybeans. Our study emphasized the effect of roasting level on nutritive value and flavor profiles of soybeans.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(1): 234-245, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213626

RESUMO

The complex pore system in tight sandstone reservoirs controls the storage and transport of natural gas. Thus, quantitatively characterizing the micro-nanopore structure of tight sandstone reservoirs is of great significance to determining the accumulation and distribution of tight gas. The pore structure of reservoirs was determined through polarizing microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the combination of mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments on Late Paleozoic conventional and tight sandstone samples from the Linxing Block, Ordos Basin. The results show that in contrast to conventional sandstone, dissolution pores, with diameters less than 8 µm, are the main contributors to the gas storage space of tight sandstone reservoirs. The pore size distribution derived from the MICP experiment demonstrates that the main peak of tight sandstones corresponds to a pore radius in the range of 247 nm to 371 nm, while the secondary peak usually corresponds to 18 nm. The results of the NMR test illustrate that the T2 spectra of tight sandstones are unimodal, bimodal and multimodal, and the main NMR peak is highly related to the MICP peak. Fractal theory was proposed to quantitatively characterize the complex pore structure and rough porous surface. The sandstones show fractal characteristics including nanopore fractal dimension DN obtained from the MICP and large pore fractal dimension DL obtained from the NMR experiment. Both DN and DL are positively correlated with porosity and negatively correlated with permeability, demonstrating that complex and heterogeneous pore structure could increase the gas storage space and reduce the connectivity.

3.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 16(6): 827-841, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187579

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide zoonotic disease. At present, the treatment options of CE are limited. The main drugs used in clinical chemotherapy of echinococcosis are albendazole and mebendazole, but they mainly exert longterm antiparasitic effects based on high doses. Therefore, there is an urgent need for effective and safe anti-CE drugs. Previous studies have identified harmine (HM) as a new anti-CE drug. In this study, the efficacy of harmine derivatives was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The harmine derivatives were tested against E. granulosus protoscoleces (PSC) in vitro. The effect of harmine derivatives was time and concentration dependent at different concentrations, and the anti-CE effect was better than that of harmine. The mortality rate of PSC reached 100% on the 5th day after exposure to harmine derivatives at a concentration of 100 µmol · L -1. Compared with the untreated model control mice, the weight of the cyst was significantly reduced in infected mice treated with harmine derivatives. The effect of harmine derivatives was better than that of harmine, and there was significant difference between harmine derivatives and albendazole (P <0.001). Histopathological examination of experimental mice organs (liver, spleen, lung, brain and small intestine) showed that there was no change in the tissues except for mild inflammation in the liver. The neurotoxicity test in Caenorhabditis elegans showed that the derivative inhibited the movement, feeding, perceptual behavior and acetylcholinesterase activity of C. elegans , and its effect was lower than that of harmine. In addition, intervention with HM derivatives was preliminarily proved to cause DNA damage. This study reveals the potential of HM derivatives as a new class of anti-CE agents and indicates that Topo2a may be a promising target for the development of anti-CE drugs.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans , Dano ao DNA , Equinococose/tratamento farmacológico , Harmina/farmacologia , Camundongos
4.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241468, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166301

RESUMO

In March of this year, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic, and it continues to threaten public health. This global health crisis imposes limitations on daily movements, which have deteriorated every sector in our society. Understanding public reactions to the virus and the non-pharmaceutical interventions should be of great help to fight COVID-19 in a strategic way. We aim to provide tangible evidence of the human mobility trends by comparing the day-by-day variations across the U.S. from January 2020 to early April 2020. Large-scale public mobility at an aggregated level is observed by leveraging mobile device location data and the measures related to social distancing. Our study captures spatial and temporal heterogeneity as well as the sociodemographic variations and teleworking trends regarding the pandemic propagation and the non-pharmaceutical mobility interventions. All metrics adapted capture decreased public movements after the national emergency declaration. The population staying home has increased in all states before the stay-at-home mandates implemented and becomes more stable after the order with a smaller range of fluctuation. The public had been taking active responses, voluntarily staying home more, to the in-state confirmed cases while the stay-at-home orders stabilize the variations. As the estimated teleworking rates also continue to incline throughout the study period, the teleworking trend can be another driving factor for the growing stay-at-home population. We confirm that there exists overall mobility heterogeneity between the income or population density groups. The study suggests that public mobility trends are in line with the government message urging to stay home. We anticipate our data-driven analysis offers integrated perspectives and serves as evidence to raise public awareness and, consequently, reinforce the importance of social distancing while assisting policymakers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Movimento , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 476, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dentigerous cyst (DC) is a bone destructive disease and remains a challenge for clinicians. Marsupialization enables the bone to regenerate with capsule maintaining, making it a preferred therapeutic means for DC adjacent to vital anatomical structures. Given that capsules of DC are derived from odontogenic epithelium remnants at the embryonic stage, we investigated whether there were mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) located in DC capsules and the role that they played in the bone regeneration after marsupialization. METHODS: Samples obtained before and after marsupialization were used for histological detection and cell culture. The stemness of cells isolated from fresh tissues was analyzed by morphology, surface marker, and multi-differentiation assays. Comparison of proliferation ability between MSCs isolated from DC capsules before (Bm-DCSCs) and after (Am-DCSCs) marsupialization was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), fibroblast colony-forming units (CFU-F), and 5'-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay. Their osteogenic capacity in vitro was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Alizarin Red staining (ARS), combined with real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence (IF) staining. Subcutaneous ectopic osteogenesis as well as cranial bone defect model in nude mice was performed to detect their bone regeneration and bone defect repairability. RESULTS: Bone tissue and strong ALP activity were detected in the capsule of DC after marsupialization. Two types of MSCs were isolated from fibrous capsules of DC both before (Bm-DCSCs) and after (Am-DCSCs) marsupialization. These fibroblast-like, colony-forming cells expressed MSC markers (CD44+, CD90+, CD31-, CD34-, CD45-), and they could differentiate into osteoblast-, adipocyte-, and chondrocyte-like cells under induction. Notably, Am-DCSCs performed better in cell proliferation and self-renewal. Moreover, Am-DCSCs showed a greater osteogenic capacity both in vitro and in vivo compared with Bm-DCSCs. CONCLUSIONS: There are MSCs residing in capsules of DC, and the cell viability as well as the osteogenic capacity of them is largely enhanced after marsupialization. Our findings suggested that MSCs might play a crucial role in the healing process of DC after marsupialization, thus providing new insight into the treatment for DC by promoting the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs inside capsules.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146553

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS) on reflex bladder activity and develop an animal model of underactive bladder (UAB). In six anesthetized cats, a bladder catheter was inserted via the urethra to infuse saline and measure pressure. A cuff electrode was implanted on the pudendal nerve. After determining the threshold intensity (T) for PNS to induce an anal twitch, PNS (5 Hz, 0.2 ms, 2T or 4T) was applied during cystometrograms (CMGs). PNS (4-6T) of 30-min duration was then applied repeatedly until bladder underactivity was produced. Following stimulation control CMGs were performed over 1.5-2 hours to determine the duration of bladder underactivity. When applied during CMGs, PNS (2T and 4T) significantly (p<0.05) increased bladder capacity while PNS at 4T also significantly (p<0.05) reduced bladder contraction amplitude, duration, and area under contraction curve. Repeated application of 30-min PNS for a cumulative period of 3-8 hours produced bladder underactivity exhibiting a significantly (p<0.05) increased bladder capacity (173±14% of control) and a significantly (p<0.05) reduced contraction amplitude (50±7% of control). The bladder underactivity lasted more than 1.5-2 hours after termination of the prolonged PNS. These results provide basic science evidence supporting the proposal that abnormal afferent activity from external urethral/anal sphincter could produce central inhibition that underlies non-obstructive urinary retention (NOUR) in Fowler's syndrome. This cat model of UAB may be useful to investigate the mechanism by which sacral neuromodulation reverses NOUR in Fowler's syndrome.

7.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166719

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment options in second-line extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC) setting are limited. PASSION (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03417895) was a phase 2 study of camrelizumab plus apatinib in ED-SCLC after platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: In Stage 1, patients were randomized (1:1:1) to receive camrelizumab 200 mg every 2 weeks plus apatinib 375 mg once daily (QD), 5 days on/2 days off, or 7 days on/7 days off (six patients each cohort). Based on the tolerability during the first 28-day cycle and efficacy data in Stage 1, one cohort was chosen to expand to 45 patients in Stage 2. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: From Apr 20, 2018 to Mar 12, 2019, 59 patients were enrolled, with 47 patients in the QD cohort. In the QD cohort, confirmed ORR reached 34.0% (95% CI 20.9‒49.3), the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.6 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was 8.4 months. Chemotherapy-sensitive and chemotherapy-resistant patients (defined as patients with disease relapsed ≥90 and ˂90 days after platinum-based chemotherapy, respectively) had comparable confirmed ORR (37.5% versus 32.3%), median PFS (3.6 versus 2.7 months), and median OS (9.6 versus 8.0 months). Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) of grade ≥3 were reported in 43 (72.9%) of 59 patients. Five (8.5%) patients discontinued due to TRAEs. CONCLUSION: Camrelizumab plus apatinib showed potential antitumor activity in both chemotherapy-sensitive and chemotherapy-resistant ED-SCLC patients who had failed platinum-based chemotherapy with acceptable toxicity profile. This phase 2 data warrant further clinical studies of camrelizumab plus apatinib in SCLC.

8.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170025

RESUMO

This study aimed at exploring the role of EgRad54 and the effect of harmine (HM) or HM derivatives (HMDs) on DNA damage in Echinococcus granulosus. DNA damage in E. granulosus protoscoleces (PSCs) was assessed by using a comet assay, after treatment with HM or HMDs. Efficiency of electroporation-based transfection of PSCs and subsequent EgRad54 knockdown was evaluated by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and fluorescence intensity. Viability of PSCs was determined via eosin exclusion test, and expression of related genes was analyzed via RT-qPCR. HM and HMDs significantly (p < 0.05) increased DNA damage in E. granulosus, and upregulated EgRad54 expression. Compared with HM and HMD-only treatment groups, EgRad54 knockdown combined with HM and HMD treatment further reduced E. granulosus viability. This combined approach resulted in significant (p < 0.05) downregulation of Rad54 and Topo2a expression, and upregulation of ATM expression, whereas H2A and P53 expression was significantly higher compared with control groups. These data show that EgRad54 knockdown, combined with HM or HMD treatment, enhances DNA damage in E. granulosus via upregulation of ATM and H2A, and downregulation of Rad54 and Topo2a, thereby inhibiting E. granulosus growth, and suggest that EgRad54 is a potential therapeutic target for cystic echinococcosis treatment.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179712

RESUMO

Semiconducting compounds with high photostability and excellent photothermal ability are potential candidates for phototheranostics. In this paper, the heavy atom free compound 3,6-bis(5-(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)furan-2-yl)-2,5-bis(2-octyldodecyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4(2H,5H)-dione (denoted as DPPCz) has been designed and synthesized through a C-H activation coupling reaction. DPPCz has a high singlet oxygen quantum yield (1O2 QY) of 40.3% in DCM. In addition, DPPCz NPs obtained by nanoprecipitation exhibit a high photothermal conversion efficiency (48.2%) in water. DPPCz NPs have a low half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 7.1 µg mL-1 towards human lung cancer cells (A549) with irradiation while the dark toxicity is almost negligible even at high concentrations. Furthermore, in vivo photothermal imaging guided study demonstrates that these NPs are able to inhibit tumor growth with the help of laser. The H&E stained pictures of the normal tissues indicate the biosafety of DPPCz NPs in that no obvious damage was observed. Our results demonstrate that DPPCz NPs are potential semiconducting photosensitizers for phototheranostics.

10.
Carcinogenesis ; 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247709

RESUMO

Serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutations can predict hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence. We aimed to clarify if HBV evolves synchronously in the sera, adjacent liver, and tumors and predict HCC prognosis equally. A total of 203 HBV-positive HCC patients with radical hepatectomy in Shanghai, China during 2011-2015 were enrolled in this prospective study. Quasispecies complexity (QC) in HBV core promoter region was assessed using clone-based sequencing. We performed RNA-sequencing on tumors and paired adjacent tissues of another 15 HCC patients and analyzed it with 3 public datasets containing 127 samples. HBV QC was positively correlated to APOBEC3s' expression level (r=0.28, p<0.001), higher in the adjacent tissues than in the tumors (p=6.50e-3), and higher in early tumors than in advanced tumors (p=0.039). The evolutionary distance between the sera-derived HBV strains and the tumor-derived ones was significantly longer than that between the sera-derived ones and the adjacent tissue-derived ones (p<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that high HBV QC in the sera predicted an unfavorable overall survival (OS) (p=0.002) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) (p=0.004) in HCC; whereas it in the tumors predicted a favorable RFS (p<0.001), respectively. APOBECs-related HBV mutations including G1764A were more frequent in the sera than in the adjacent tissues. High-frequent A1762T/G1764A in the sera predicted an unfavorable RFS (p<0.001); whereas it in the tumors predicted a favorable RFS (p=0.035). In conclusion, HBV evolves more advanced in the sera than in the tumors. HBV QC and A1762T/G1764A in the sera and tumors have contrary prognostic effects in HCC.

11.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 146: 111843, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152472

RESUMO

Epidemiologic evidence promote the inclusion of flavones in diet due to their inhibitory effects on certain types of cancers, particularly in women. Among the naturally occurring plant flavonoids, Apigenin 7-O-glucoside (AGL) is endowed with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer activities. However, its mechanism of action on cervical cancer, the fourth largest cancer in women, has not yet been clarified. In the current study, we have determined the effect of AGL on human cervical cancer cells and studied its molecular mechanism against cervical cancer. The results showed that AGL inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells (IC50 was 47.26 µM at 48 h) by inducing apoptosis. Furthermore, AGL treatment caused G0/G1 phase arrest, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and upgraded intracellular ROS production. AGL could promote the release of cytochrome c by regulating Bcl-2 family proteins, and then activated caspase 9/3 to promote cell apoptosis. Moreover, AGL treatment promoted the expression of p16 INK4A, while inhibited the expression of Cyclin A/D/E and CDK2/6. At the same time in HeLa cells treated with AGL, the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner, and cell migration was also impeded correspondingly through the matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9. Our study may provide a new research direction for harnessing the novel natural compounds in cervical cancer treatment.

12.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 325, 2020 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm, which is classified as either gestational choriocarcinoma or nongestational choriocarcinoma. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of Chinese female nongestational choriocarcinoma patients and discuss our experience in treating this rare disease. RESULTS: We conducted a single-center retrospective study on a sample of 37 nongestational choriocarcinoma patients who were diagnosed and treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 1982 to March 2020. Their demographic, clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic data were collected. Detailed information was available for all 37 individuals in our sample. The primary lesions included 34 in the ovaries, 2 in the pituitary and 1 in the stomach. The median age of onset was 22 years, and the median follow-up period spanned 41 months. The lungs (40.5%) were the most commonly observed metastatic site. All subjects were treated with surgery and multidrug chemotherapies, and a median of 4.0 courses was required to achieve complete remission. The overall complete response rate, relapse rate, and 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 81.1%, 16.7%, 80.0%, and 75.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Nongestational choriocarcinoma can be managed well using surgery and multidrug chemotherapies, but the overall outcome of nongestational choriocarcinoma is still worse than that of gestational choriocarcinoma. Mixed nongestational choriocarcinoma seems to have similar therapeutic outcomes as pure tumors.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251790

RESUMO

A thin filament stimulated by Ca2+ to combine with myosin is the structural basis to achieve filament sliding and muscle contraction. Though a large variety of artificial materials has been developed by mimicking muscle, the on-demand combination of the actin filament and myosin has never been precisely reproduced in polymeric systems. Herein, we show that both the combination process and the combined structure of actin filament and myosin have been mimicked to construct synergistic covalent and supramolecular polymers (CSPs). Specifically, photoirradiation as a stimulus induces the independently formed covalent polymers (CPs) and supramolecular polymers (SPs) to interact with each other through activated quadruple H-bonding. The resultant CSPs possess a unique network structure which not only facilitates the synergistic effect of CPs and SPs to afford stiff, strong, yet tough materials but also provides efficient pathways to dissipate energy with the damping capacity of the representative material being higher than 95%. Furthermore, muscle functions, for example, by becoming stiff during contraction and self-growth by training, are imitated well in our system via in situ phototriggered formation of CSP in the solid state. We hope that the fundamental understanding gained from this work will promote the development of synergistic CSP systems with emergent functions and applications by mimicking the principle of muscle movements.

14.
Hum Pathol ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221342

RESUMO

The Dako 28-8, Dako 22C3, and Ventana SP142 assays are among the approved PD-L1 immunohistochemical companion/complementary diagnostics associated with cancer treatment. To address the concordance of these assays in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), we examined PD-L1 expression in 98 TNBC tumors and compared the positive rates using the three assays and three scoring methods: immune cell (IC), tumor cell (TC), and combined tumor cell and immune cell (TCIC) (an equivalent to combined positive score, or CPS). The positive rate for PD-L1 expression with a 1% cutoff was highest with 28-8, followed by the 22C3. These two assays demonstrated almost perfect or substantial agreement in all three scores. There was less agreement between SP142 and the other assays. Using the IC score or the TCIC score at a 1% cutoff (CPS 1), 4% of tumors were positive for PD-L1 with SP142, but negative with the other assays. Using SP142 with a 1% cutoff as a reference, the optimal cutoff for best agreement was at 1% for IC, 30% for TC, and 2% for TCIC (CPS 2) with the other two assays. A 2% cutoff for the 22C3 TCIC (CPS 2) yielded the best agreement with SP142 1% IC cutoff (kappa 0.65). Our study showed the lowest positive rate with SP142 among the three assays. However, the other two assays were not able to identify all tumors that would test positive with SP142 using IC or TCIC/CPS. It is unlikely to achieve high agreement between SP142 and the other two assays by changing the analytical cutoffs.

15.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the contributions of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II genes in the development of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) in a Southern Chinese population. METHODS: Eight HLA loci were genotyped and analysed in 272 unrelated patients with Graves' disease (GD) or the proptosis and myogenic phenotypes of GO, and 411 ethnically matched control subjects. RESULTS: The allele frequencies of HLA-DRB1*16:02 and -DQB1*05:02 in the GD, proptosis and myogenic groups, HLA-B*38:02 and -DQA1*01:02 in the myogenic group were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (all corrected p values <0.05, OR >2.5). The haplotype frequencies of HLA-DRB1*16:02-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*05:02 and HLA-DRB1*16:02-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*05:02-DPA1*02:02-DPB1*05:01 in the proptosis and myogenic groups, and HLA-A*02:03-B*38:02-C*07:02 and HLA-A*02:03-B*38:02-C*07:02-DRB1*16:02-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*05:02-DPA1*02:02-DPB1*05:01 in the myogenic group were significantly higher than those in the control group respectively (all corrected p values <0.05, OR >2.5). The potential epitopes ('FLGIFNTGL' of TSHR, 'IRHSHALVS', 'ILYIRTNAS' and 'FVFARTMPA' of IGF-1R) were fitted exactly in the peptide-binding groove between HLA-DRA1-DRB1*16:02 heterodimer, and the epitopes ('ILEITDNPY' of THSR, 'NYALVIFEM' and 'NYSFYVLDN' of IGF-1R) were also fitted exactly in the peptide-binding groove between HLA-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*05:02 heterodimer. CONCLUSIONS: The HLA-DRB1*16:02 and -DQB1*01:02 alleles might be risk factors for GD including the proptosis and myogenic phenotypes of GO. The alleles HLA-B*38:02, -DQA1*01:02, the HLA haplotypes consisting of HLA-B*38:02, -DRB1*16:02, -DQA1*01:02 and -DQB1*05:02 might be susceptibility risk factors for GO. Simultaneously, some epitopes of TSHR and IGF-1R tightly binding to groove of HLA-DRA1-DRB1*16:02 or HLA-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*05:02 heterodimers might provide some hints on presenting the pathological antigen in GO.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no article that studies whether the regional lymph node (RLN) status affects the prognosis of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). METHODS: The survival and disease data of MCC patients were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiological, and End Results (SEER) database. The overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) rates were endpoints. RESULTS: A total of 1822 patients were included, with a mean age of 72.5 years. The number of RLN-positive patients was 862 (47.3%), and the number of RLN-negative patients was 960 (52.7%). The regression analysis showed that primary site, sex, and tumor size were statistically significant and independent predictors of RLN status. The five-year OS and CSS of RLN-negative patients were 71.4% and 92.3%, respectively, which were much higher than those of RLN-positive patients (37.5% and 65.8%, respectively) (P <0.001). In univariate survival analysis, positive RLN significantly predicted deterioration of OS and MSS (P <0.001). In multivariate analysis, RLN status had no statistically significant effect on patient prognosis. CONCLUSION: The prognosis of patients with RLN metastasis is worse than that of patients without RLN metastasis, but RLN status is not an independent predictor of the prognosis of patients with MCC.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between ocular biometrics (OB) and myopia onset. METHODS: OB data from students in 4 grades (aged from 6 to 14 years) in China were collected in a 1.5-year longitudinal study. Refractive error was assessed with cycloplegic autorefraction. RESULTS: At baseline, 934 (56.33%) of the subjects (right eye) had myopia. The mean spherical equivalent (SE) and axial length to corneal radius (AL/CR) were - 2.14 ± 1.49 and 3.14 ± 0.11, respectively, in the subjects with myopia and - 0.09 ± 0.21 and 2.98 ± 0.07, respectively, in the subjects without myopia. The correlation between the SE and AL/CR was r = - 0.823 (P < 0.001). The slopes of the SE changing with the AL/CR (and R-squares) were - 0.28 to - 1.80 (0.01-0.14) in the no myopia group, - 3.40 to - 6.20 (0.20-0.48) in the low myopia group, and - 3.37 to - 11.34 (0.16-0.74) in the moderate and high myopia groups. The baseline AL/CR values in grades 1, 3, and 5 were higher in those who developed myopia within 1.5 years. The odds ratio of the AL/CR to myopia onset in 1.5 years was 1.096 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.060-1.135). CONCLUSIONS: Of the five indicators, the AL/CR showed the best correlation with the SE. The adjoint and linear relationship between the AL/CR and the SE tended to increase with SE progression. When myopia progressed beyond a certain range, the AL/CR was significantly different in those without initial myopia who developed it within 1.5 years compared with those who did not. After adjusting for age, sex, school, and grade, the interpretation capability of the current AL/CR to myopia onset in 1.5 years was limited.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206499

RESUMO

It has been demonstrated that defect engineering is an effective strategy to enhance the activity of materials. Herein, a polycrystalline GaN porous layer (PGP) with high catalytic activity was grown by self-assembly on GaN-coated sapphire substrate by using low-temperature (LT) MOCVD growth. Without doping, LT growth can significantly improve the activity and electrical conductivity of PGP, owing to the presence of rich N-vacancies (∼1020 cm-3). Identification of rich N-vacancies in the PGP material was realized by using atomically resolved STEM (AR-STEM) characterization. The optimized PGP was applied to catalyst-free electrochemical detection of H2O2 with a limit of detection (LOD) of 50 nM, a fast response speed of 3 s, a wide linear detection range (50 nM to 12 mM), and a high stability. The LOD is exceeding 40 fold lower than that of reported metal-catalyst decorated GaN. Moreover, a quantitative relationship between the sensing performances and N-vacancy of PGP was established. To our knowledge, it is the first time that intrinsic GaN materials can exhibit high catalytic activity.

19.
Int Heart J ; 61(6): 1220-1228, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191343

RESUMO

Transcatheter closure (TCC) has emerged as the first-line treatment for coronary artery fistulas. However, limited data exist regarding the long-term outcomes and technical aspects of this procedure. We aimed to report the long-term outcomes and technical aspects of TCC of large coronary-cameral fistulas (CCFs).All patients with large CCFs who underwent attempted TCC using the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occluder or Amplatzer vascular plug (AVP), from June 2002 to December 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 23 patients with large CCFs underwent attempted TCC using the PDA occluder or AVP. Most CCFs originated from the right coronary artery and drained predominantly into the right heart chamber. Procedural success was achieved in 21 (91.3%) patients. Devices were deployed using the arteriovenous loop in 15, transarterial approach in 4, and arterio-artery loop approach in 2 patients. Procedural complications included coronary spasm in one and side branch occlusion in one patient. Among these 21 patients with successful device implantation, follow-up angiograms or computed tomography angiograms were obtained in 14 (66.7%) patients at a median of 11.0 (range, 9.8-16.3) months. Late complications included thrombosis of residual fistula segment without myocardial infarction (MI) in one, coronary thrombosis resulting in MI in one, and recanalization necessitating re-intervention in one patient. No death and device embolization occurred.TCC of large CCFs using the PDA occluder or AVP is an effective therapy in anatomically suitable candidates, with favorable long-term outcomes. Given that potentially hazardous complications may occur late after the procedure, long-term periodic evaluation is mandatory.

20.
Am J Chin Med ; 48(7): 1693-1713, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202149

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory bowel disease mediated by immune response. Geniposide is the main active ingredient extracted from Gardenia jasminoides, which has been suggested to exert excellent efficacy on inflammatory disease. Herein, in this study, we aimed to uncover the systematic understanding of the mechanism and effects of geniposide in ameliorating inflammatory responses in colitis. In brief, the TCMSP server and GEO DataSets were used to analyze the systematic understanding of the mechanism and effects of geniposide in ameliorating inflammatory responses in colitis. Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis of mice were administered with 25-100[Formula: see text]mg/kg of geniposide for 7 days by gavage. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Bone Marrow Derived Macrophage (BMDM) cell or RAW264.7 cell models were treated with 20, 50 and 100[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M of geniposide for 4[Formula: see text]h. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and Interleukin-1[Formula: see text] (IL-1[Formula: see text] levels were measured using MPO activity kits and IL-1[Formula: see text] levels enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, respectively. Additionally, Western blot was used to determine the relevant protein expression. As a result, Geniposide could ameliorate inflammatory responses and prevent colitis in DSS-induced acute colitis of mice by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/Transcription 1 (Sirt1) dependent signaling via the suppression of nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. Geniposide attenuated macrophage differentiation in DSS-induced acute colitis of mice. Geniposide suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome and induced AMPK/Sirt1 signaling in LPS-induced BMDM cell or RAW264.7 cell models. In mechanism studies, the inhibition of AMPK/Sirt1 attenuated the anti-inflammatory effects of geniposide in colitis. The activation of NLRP3 attenuated the anti-inflammatory effects of geniposide in colitis. Taken together, our results demonstrated that geniposide ameliorated inflammatory responses in colitis vai the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages by AMPK/Sirt1-dependent signaling.

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