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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138072

RESUMO

The Internet of Things (IoT) has evolved significantly with advances in gathering data that can be extracted to provide knowledge and facilitate decision-making processes. Currently, IoT data analytics encountered challenges such as growing data volumes collected by IoT devices and fast response requirements for time-sensitive applications in which traditional Cloud-based solution is unable to meet due to bandwidth and high latency limitations. In this paper, we develop a distributed analytics framework for fog-enabled IoT systems aiming to avoid raw data movement and reduce latency. The distributed framework leverages the computational capacities of all the participants such as edge devices and fog nodes and allows them to obtain the global optimal solution locally. To further enhance the privacy of data holders in the system, a privacy-preserving protocol is proposed using cryptographic schemes. Security analysis was conducted and it verified that exact private information about any edge device's raw data would not be inferred by an honest-but-curious neighbor in the proposed secure protocol. In addition, the accuracy of solution is unaffected in the secure protocol comparing to the proposed distributed algorithm without encryption. We further conducted experiments on three case studies: seismic imaging, diabetes progression prediction, and Enron email classification. On seismic imaging problem, the proposed algorithm can be up to one order of magnitude faster than the benchmarks in reaching the optimal solution. The evaluation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology and demonstrate its potential to be a promising solution for data analytics in fog-enabled IoT systems.

2.
Chaos ; 30(10): 103101, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138465

RESUMO

Recent research has revealed that a system of coupled units with a certain degree of parameter diversity can generate an enhanced response to a subthreshold signal compared to that without diversity, exhibiting a diversity-induced resonance. We here show that diversity-induced resonance can also respond to a suprathreshold signal in a system of globally coupled bistable oscillators or excitable neurons, when the signal amplitude is in an optimal range close to the threshold amplitude. We find that such diversity-induced resonance for optimally suprathreshold signals is sensitive to the signal period for the system of coupled excitable neurons, but not for the coupled bistable oscillators. Moreover, we show that the resonance phenomenon is robust to the system size. Furthermore, we find that intermediate degrees of parameter diversity and coupling strength jointly modulate either the waveform or the period of collective activity of the system, giving rise to the resonance for optimally suprathreshold signals. Finally, with low-dimensional reduced models, we explain the underlying mechanism of the observed resonance. Our results extend the scope of the diversity-induced resonance effect.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19001, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149251

RESUMO

Two epiphytic lichens (Xanthoria alfredii, XAa; X. ulophyllodes, XAu) and soil were sampled at three sites with varied distances to a road in a semiarid sandland in Inner Mongolia, China and analyzed for concentrations of 42 elements to assess the contribution of soil input and road traffic to lichen element burdens, and to compare element concentration differences between the two lichens. The study showed that multielement patterns, Fe:Ti and rare earth element ratios were similar between the lichen and soil samples. Enrichment factors (EFs) showed that ten elements (Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, K, P, Pb, S, Sb, and Zn) were enriched in the lichens relative to the local soil. Concentrations of most elements were higher in XAu than in XAa regardless of sites, and increased with proximity to the road regardless of lichen species. These results suggested that lichen element compositions were highly affected by soil input and road traffic. The narrow-lobed sorediate species were more efficient in particulate entrapment than the broad-lobed nonsorediate species. XAa and XAu are good bioaccumulators for road pollution in desert and have similar spatial patterns of element concentrations for most elements as response to road traffic emissions and soil input.

4.
Syst Rev ; 9(1): 258, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the impact of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mental health of the patients has been limited by the lack of relevant data. With the rapid and sustained growth of the publications on COVID-19 research, we will perform a living systematic review (LSR) to provide comprehensive and continuously updated data to explore the prevalence of delirium, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We will perform a comprehensive search of the following databases: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese Biomedicine Literature to identify relevant studies. We will include peer-reviewed cross-sectional studies published in English and Chinese. Two reviewers will independently assess the methodological quality of included studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute Prevalence Critical Appraisal tool and perform data extraction. In the absence of clinical heterogeneity, the prevalence estimates with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of delirium, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) will be calculated by using random-effects model to minimize the effect of between-study heterogeneity separately. The literature searches will be updated every 3 months. We will perform meta-analysis if any new eligible studies or data are obtained. We will resubmit an updated review when there were relevant changes in the results, i.e., when outcomes became statistically significant (or not statistically significant anymore) or when heterogeneity became substantial (or not substantial anymore). DISCUSSION: This LSR will provide an in-depth and up-to-date summary of whether the common neuropsychiatric conditions observed in patients hospitalized for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) are also prevalent in a different stage of COVID-19 patients. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020196610.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221744

RESUMO

Although circular RNAs (circRNAs) are known to play key roles in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, much about their targets and mechanisms remains unknown. We therefore investigated the actions and mechanisms of hsa_circ_0048179 in an in vitro model of NAFLD. HepG2 cells were exposed to oleate/palmitate (2:1 ratio) for 24 h to induce intracellular lipid accumulation. Using CCK-8 assays, flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, western blotting, RT-qPCR, and Oil red O staining, we found that oleate/palmitate treatment reduced cell viability while increasing apoptosis and lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells. Levels of the antioxidant enzyme GPX4 were decreased in oleate/palmitate-treated HepG2 cells, and there were corresponding increases in reactive oxygen species and damage to mitochondrial cristae. Levels of hsa_circ_0048179 expression were also suppressed by oleate/palmitate treatment, and GPX4 levels were markedly increased in HepG2 cells following transfection with hsa_circ_0048179. Analysis of its mechanism revealed that hsa_circ_0048179 upregulated GPX4 levels by acting as a competitive "sponge" of miR-188-3p and that hsa_circ_0048179 attenuated oleate/palmitate-induced lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells by sponging miR-188-3p. Collectively, our findings suggest that hsa_circ_0048179 may play a key role in the pathogenesis of steatosis and may thus be a useful target for drug development.

6.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; : e13586, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226724

RESUMO

AIMS: Reduced A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with a ThromboSpondin type 1 motif member 13 (ADAMTS13) levels are observed in kidney disease. We test whether recombinant human ADAMTS13 (rhADAMTS13) mitigates renal injury in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the potential mechanisms. METHODS: CKD was established 3 months after ischemia/reperfusion (IR). ADAMTS13 and von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels, renal function and morphological changes were analyzed. Afferent arteriolar responses to angiotensin II (Ang II) and acetylcholine (ACh) were measured. Oxidative stress-related molecules were detected. RESULTS: Higher vWF and lower ADAMTS13 levels were observed in CKD mice, which were markedly attenuated by rhADAMTS13. rhADAMTS13 alleviated renal dysfunction, as documented by decreased blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in CKD mice. Moreover, rhADAMTS13 attenuated transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1/Smad3 activation. Plasma vWF: ADAMTS13 ratio showed positive correlations with malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and proteinuria, and correlated inversely with superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Finally, rhADAMTS13 inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and improved microvascular functional disorders, accompanied by the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3ß hyperactivity and upregulation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) reduces the expression of ADAMTS13 that contributes to progressive CKD, microvascular dysfunction, oxidative stress, inhibition of Nrf2 activity and renal histopathological damage. All of which can be alleviated by administration of rhADAMTS13.

7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 8697-8715, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192062

RESUMO

Purpose: The development of tissue-engineered blood vessels provides a new source of donors for coronary artery bypass grafting and peripheral blood vessel transplantation. Fibrin fiber has good biocompatibility and is an ideal tissue engineering vascular scaffold, but its mechanical property needs improvement. Methods: We mixed polyurethane (PU) and fibrin to prepare the PU/fibrin vascular scaffolds by using electrospinning technology in order to enhance the mechanical properties of fibrin scaffold. We investigated the morphological, mechanical strength, hydrophilicity, degradation, blood and cell compatibility of PU/fibrin (0:100), PU/fibrin (5:95), PU/fibrin (15:85) and PU/fibrin (25:75) vascular scaffolds. Based on the results in vitro, PU/fibrin (15:85) was selected for transplantation in vivo to repair vascular defects, and the extracellular matrix formation, vascular remodeling, and immune response were evaluated. Results: The results indicated that the fiber diameter of the PU/fibrin (15:85) scaffold was about 712nm. With the increase of PU content, the mechanical strength of the composite scaffolds increased, however, the degradation rate decreased gradually. The PU/fibrin scaffold showed good hydrophilicity and hemocompatibility. PU/fibrin (15:85) vascular scaffold could promote the adhesion and proliferation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Quantitative RT-PCR experimental results showed that the expression of collagen, survivin and vimentin genes in PU/fibrin (15:85) was higher than that in PU/fibrin (25:75). The results in vivo indicated the mechanical properties and compliance of PU/fibrin grafts could meet clinical requirements and the proportion of thrombosis or occlusion was significantly lower. The graft showed strong vasomotor response, and the smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and ECM deposition of the neoartery were comparable to that of native artery after 3 months. At 3 months, the amount of macrophages in PU/fibrin grafts was significantly lower, and the secretion of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines decreased. Conclusion: PU/fibrin (15:85) vascular scaffolds had great potential to be used as small-diameter tissue engineering blood vessels.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19781, 2020 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188288

RESUMO

Pulsatilla (Ranunculaceae) consists of about 40 species, and many of them have horticultural and/or medicinal value. However, it is difficult to recognize and identify wild Pulsatilla species. Universal molecular markers have been used to identify these species, but insufficient phylogenetic signal was available. Here, we compared the complete chloroplast genomes of seven Pulsatilla species. The chloroplast genomes of Pulsatilla were very similar and their length ranges from 161,501 to 162,669 bp. Eight highly variable regions and potential sources of molecular markers such as simple sequence repeats, large repeat sequences, and single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified, which are valuable for studies of infra- and inter-specific genetic diversity. The SNP number differentiating any two Pulsatilla chloroplast genomes ranged from 112 to 1214, and provided sufficient data for species delimitation. Phylogenetic trees based on different data sets were consistent with one another, with the IR, SSC regions and the barcode combination rbcL + matK + trnH-psbA produced slightly different results. Phylogenetic relationships within Pulsatilla were certainly resolved using the complete cp genome sequences. Overall, this study provides plentiful chloroplast genomic resources, which will be helpful to identify members of this taxonomically challenging group in further investigation.

9.
Pharm Res ; 37(12): 245, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215336

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to show how the Ocular Compartmental Absorption & Transit (OCAT™) model in GastroPlus® can be used to characterize ocular drug pharmacokinetic performance in rabbits for ointment formulations. METHODS: A newly OCAT™ model developed for fluorometholone, as well as a previously verified model for dexamethasone, were used to characterize the aqueous humor (AH) concentration following the administration of multiple ointment formulations to rabbit. The model uses the following parameters: application surface area (SA), a fitted application time, and the fitted Higuchi release constant to characterize the rate of passage of the active pharmaceutical ingredient from the ointment formulations into the tears in vivo. RESULTS: Parameter sensitivity analysis was performed to understand the impact of ointment formulation changes on ocular exposure. While application time was found to have a significant impact on the time of maximal concentration in AH, both the application SA and the Higuchi release constant significantly influenced both the maximum concentration and the ocular exposure. CONCLUSIONS: This initial model for ointment ophthalmic formulations is a first step to better understand the interplay between physiological factors and ophthalmic formulation physicochemical properties and their impact on in vivo ocular drug pharmacokinetic performance in rabbits.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179149

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the potential utility of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT for diagnosing primary and metastatic lesions in patients with liver cancer, as well as to compare it with contrast-enhanced CT (CE-CT), liver MRI, and [18F]-FDG PET/CT. METHODS: We performed a single-center post hoc retrospective analysis of data obtained from a prospective parent study (NCT04416165). This study included 34 patients diagnosed with or suspected hepatic lesions who underwent concomitant [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 and [18F]-FDG/CT scans. Moreover, these patients underwent liver MRI (n = 34) and CE-CT (n = 25). Histopathologic (n = 62) or radiographic follow-up (n = 128) served as the reference standard for the final diagnosis. RESULTS: Among the 34 patients, 20, 12, and 2 patients presented with hepatocellular carcinomas, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, and benign hepatic nodules, respectively. The sensitivities of CE-CT, MRI, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04, and [18F]-FDG/CT for detecting primary liver tumors were 96%, 100%, 96%, and 65%, respectively. Regarding the diagnosis of all intrahepatic lesions, the per-lesion detection rate of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT was slightly lower than that of MRI (85% vs. 100%, P = 0.34) and significantly higher than that of [18F]-FDG PET/CT (85% vs. 52%, P < 0.001). Regarding the diagnosis of all malignant lesions (including extrahepatic disease), the tumor detection rate of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT was 87.4%, which was significantly higher than that of [18F]-FDG PET/CT (65.0%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that the sensitivity of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT to correctly identify primary liver tumors and metastatic lesions is equivalent to that of CE-CT and liver MRI. Moreover, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT is better at identifying liver lesions than [18F]-FDG PET/CT, and its use may improve tumor staging, recurrence detection, and implementation of necessary treatment modifications.

11.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of postoperative severe vision impairment (PSVI) for a primary orbital tumour in the muscle cone. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the patients who underwent orbitotomy for primary intraconal tumours at the Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015. RESULTS: A total of 165 cases of orbitotomy for primary orbital tumours in the muscle cone were included in the study. Postoperatively, 12 cases with vision acuity ≤20/400 or ≥4 rows of vision decline and without any corrected effect were analysed as PSVI, including no light perception (NLP) for 3 cases. The multivariate logistic regression indicated that the tumour in orbital apex (P = 0.048, OR = 4.912, 95% CI: 1.011-23.866), severe optic nerve displacement (P = 0.030, OR = 6.007, 95% CI: 1.184-30.473) and intraoperative tight adhesion (P = 0.003, OR = 12.031, 95% CI: 2.282-63.441) were the independent risk factors for PSVI. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PSVI for the intraconal tumour was 7.3%, and the incidence of NLP was 1.8%. The tumour in orbital apex, severe optic nerve displacement and intraoperative tight adhesion were independent risk factors for PSVI.

12.
Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236362

RESUMO

On May 4, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) hosted an online public workshop titled "FY 2020 Generic Drug Regulatory Science Initiatives Public Workshop" to provide an overview of the status of the science and research priorities and to solicit input on the development of Generic Drug User Fee Amendments (GDUFA) FY2021 priorities. This report summarizes the podium presentations and the outcome of discussions along with innovative ways to overcome challenges and significant opportunities related to model-based approaches in bioequivalence assessment for breakout session 4 titled "Data analysis and model-based bioequivalence (BE)". This session focused on the application of model-based approaches in the generic drug development, with a vision of accelerating regulatory decision-making for abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) assessments. The session included both podium presentations and panel discussions with three topics of interest: (a) in vitro study evaluation methods and their clinical relevance, (b) challenges in model-based BE, (c) emerging expertise and tools in implementing new BE approaches.

13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(11): 1656-1661, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of Ploton silver staining and phalloidin-iFlour 488 staining in observation of the morphology of osteocyte dendrites of mice at different developmental stages. METHODS: The humerus and femurs were harvested from mice at 0 (P0), 5 (P5), 15 (P15), 21 (P21), 28 (P28), and 35 days (P35) after birth to prepare cryo-sections and paraffin sections. HE staining of P35 mouse femur sections served as a reference for observing osteocytes in the trabecular bone and cortical bone. The humeral sections at different developmental stages were stained with Ploton silver staining to observe the morphology of osteocytes and canaliculi, and the canalicular lengths in the cortical and trabecular bones of the humerus of the mice in each developmental stage were recorded. The cryo-sections of the humerus from P10 and P15 mice were stained with phalloidin iFlour-488 to observe the morphology of osteocytes and measurement of the length of osteocyte dendrites in the cortical bone. RESULTS: In the trabecular bone of the humerus of P0-P15 mice, Ploton silver staining only visualized the outline of the osteocytes, and the morphology of the canaliculi was poorly defined. In P21 or older mice, Ploton silver staining revealed the morphology of the trabecular bone osteocytes and the canaliculi, which were neatly arranged and whose lengths increased significantly with age (P21 vs P28, P < 0.05; P21 vs P35, P < 0.05). In the humeral cortical bone of P15 mice, the morphology of the osteocytes and canalicular could be observed with Ploton silver staining, and the length of the regularly arranged canaliculi of the osteocytes increased significantly with age (P15 vs P21, P < 0.005; P15 vs P28, P < 0.0001; P15 vs P35, P < 0.0001). Phalloidin iFlour-488 staining was capable of visualizing the complete morphology of the osteocytes at P10 and P15; the osteocyte dendrites elongated progressively with age (P10 vs P15, P < 0.01) to form connections with the surrounding osteocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Mouse osteocyte dendrites elongate progressively and their arrangement gradually becomes regular with age. Ploton silver staining can clearly visualize the morphology of the osteocytes and the canaliculi in adult mice but not in mice in early stages of development. Phalloidin iFlour-488 staining for labeling the cytoskeleton can be applied for mouse osteocytes at all developmental stages and allows morphological observation of mouse osteocytes in early developmental stages.

14.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 31(10): 688-694, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the feasibility, efficiency, and clinical significance of examining the total gastrointestinal (GI) tract by consecutive bidirectional double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) within 1 day in patients with suspected small-bowel bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to January 2018, the clinical and endoscopic data of 41 patients with suspected small-bowel bleeding undergoing DBE aimed at inspecting the total GI tract within 1 day. RESULTS: A success rate of 87.8% (36/41) for examining the total GI tract with no adverse event was achieved by consecutive bidirectional DBE performed within 1 day. The total examination time was 140.61±36.41 (range, 82-270) minutes. Positive or negative findings of bleeding were detected in 51.2% (21/41) and 48.8% (20/41) patients, respectively. Single bleeding etiology with non-small-bowel lesions (NSBLs) or small-bowel lesions (SBLs) was detected in 12.2% (5/41) and 26.8% (11/41) of patients, respectively. Dual bleeding etiologies, including NSBLs and SBLs, were detected in 12.2% (5/41) of patients. A re-bleeding rate of positive or negative findings was different (4.8% vs. 40.0%; p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Consecutive bidirectional DBE within 1 day can achieve complete vision of the total GI tract with a considerable success rate and high safety. This strategy may provide an option for detecting bleeding etiology throughout the GI tract. A negative finding with this method cannot absolutely exclude missed bleeding etiology and re-bleeding.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(47): 52319-52328, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166112

RESUMO

Glioma is the most prevalent type of malignant brain tumor and is usually very aggressive. Because of the high invasiveness and aggressive proliferative growth of glioma, it is difficult to resect completely or cure with surgery. Residual glioma cells are a primary cause of postoperative recurrence. Herein, we describe a hypoxia-responsive lipid polymer nanoparticle (LN) for fluorescence-guided surgery, chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT), and photothermal therapy (PTT) combination multitherapy strategies targeting glioma. The hypoxia-responsive LN [LN (DOX + ICG)] contains a hypoxia-responsive component poly(nitroimidazole)25 [P-(Nis)25], the glioma-targeting peptide angiopep-2 (A2), indocyanine green (ICG), and doxorubicin (DOX). LN (DOX + ICG) comprises four distinct functional components: (1) A2: A2 modified nanoparticles effectively target gliomas, enhancing drug concentration in gliomas; (2) P-(Nis)25: (i) the hydrophobic component of LN (DOX + ICG) with hypoxia responsive ability to encapsulate DOX and ICG; (ii) allows rapid release of DOX from LN (DOX + ICG) after 808 nm laser irradiation; (3) ICG: (i) ICG allows imaging-guided surgery, combining PDT and PTT therapies; (ii) upon irradiation with an 808 nm laser, ICG creates a hypoxic environment; (4) DOX inhibits glioma growth. This work demonstrates that LN (DOX + ICG) might provide a novel clinical approach to preventing post-surgical recurrence of glioma.

16.
Arch Toxicol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078273

RESUMO

Due to regulatory bans and voluntary substitutions, halogenated polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants (FR) are increasingly substituted by mainly organophosphorus FR (OPFR). Leveraging a 3D rat primary neural organotypic in vitro model (rat brainsphere), we compare developmental neurotoxic effects of BDE-47-the most abundant PBDE congener-with four OPFR (isopropylated phenyl phosphate-IPP, triphenyl phosphate-TPHP, isodecyl diphenyl phosphate-IDDP, and tricresyl phosphate (also known as trimethyl phenyl phosphate)-TMPP). Employing mass spectroscopy-based metabolomics and transcriptomics, we observe at similar human-relevant non-cytotoxic concentrations (0.1-5 µM) stronger developmental neurotoxic effects by OPFR. This includes toxicity to neurons in the low µM range; all FR decrease the neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA (except BDE-47 and TPHP). Furthermore, n-acetyl aspartate (NAA), considered a neurologic diagnostic molecule, was decreased by all OPFR. At similar concentrations, the FR currently in use decreased plasma membrane dopamine active transporter expression, while BDE-47 did not. Several findings suggest astrogliosis induced by the OPFR, but not BDE-47. At the 5 µM concentrations, the OPFR more than BDE-47 interfered with myelination. An increase of cytokine gene and receptor expressions suggests that exposure to OPFR may induce an inflammatory response. Pathway/category overrepresentation shows disruption in 1) transmission of action potentials, cell-cell signaling, synaptic transmission, receptor signaling, (2) immune response, inflammation, defense response, (3) cell cycle and (4) lipids metabolism and transportation. Taken together, this appears to be a case of regretful substitution with substances not less developmentally neurotoxic in a primary rat 3D model.

17.
Zootaxa ; 4759(4): zootaxa.4759.4.3, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056893

RESUMO

Based on morphological, molecular, and ecological evidences, a fourth species of cave-dwelling shrimp Macrobrachium tenuipes sp. nov. is described from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southwestern China. This new species with smooth carapace and the extremely slender pereiopods, can be separated from other congeners by the shape of rostrum; the segmental ratios, the arrangement of teeth on the cutting edge of the fingers of second pereiopod; the longer and narrower scaphocerite; and the longer uropodal diaeresis spine. The new taxon is genetically distinct from 18 other species of Macrobrachium for which COI and 18S rRNA sequences are available. The data observed on the habitat and ecology will contribute to the conservation for M. tenuipes sp. nov.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Palaemonidae , Animais , Cavernas , China , Água Doce
18.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 8868107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082712

RESUMO

Acne vulgaris is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Bergamot and sweet orange are rich in nutritional and functional components, which exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of bergamot and sweet orange (juice and essential oil) on acne vulgaris caused by excessive secretion of androgen. Eighty male golden hamsters were randomly divided into 10 groups and received low or high dose of bergamot and sweet orange juice and essential oil, physiological saline, and positive drugs for four weeks, respectively. Results showed that all interventions could improve acne vulgaris by reducing the growth rate of sebaceous gland spots, inhibiting TG accumulation, decreasing the release of inflammatory cytokines (notably reducing IL-1α levels), promoting apoptosis in the sebaceous gland, and decreasing the ratio of T/E2. Among them, bergamot and orange essential oil may have better effects (dose dependent) on alleviating acne vulgaris than the corresponding juice. In view of the large population of acne patients and the widespread use of sweet orange and bergamot, this study is likely to exert an extensive and far-reaching influence.

19.
Cytotechnology ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123933

RESUMO

The supercoiled circular (SC) topology form of plasmid DNA has been regarded to be advantageous over open circular or linearized analogue in transfection and expression efficiency, and therefore are largely demanded in the biopharmaceutical manufacturing. However, production of high-purity SC plasmid DNA would result in high manufacturing cost. The effect of SC proportion in plasmid DNA on the quality of packaged lentiviral vectors has never been reported. In this study, we established an efficient system for production of high-titer lentiviral vectors using suspension HEK293SF cells in serum-free media, and the lentiviral titer was not associated with the proportion of SC plasmid DNA. Plasmids DNA with different proportion of SC, open-circular, and linearized forms were prepared using the thermal denaturation method, and were transfected to adherent HEK293T or suspension HEK293SF cells for packaging of lentiviral vectors. The titer of lentiviral vectors from HEK293T cells, but not from HEK293SF cells, was significantly impaired when the proportion of SC plasmid DNA decreased from 60-80% to 30-40%. Further decrease of SC plasmid proportion to 3% led to a dramatic reduction of lentiviral titer no matter the packaging cell line was. However, lentiviral vectors from HEK293SF cells still showed a high titer even when the proportion of SC plasmid DNA was 3%. This study demonstrated that extremely high proportion of SC plasmid DNA was not required for packaging of high-titer lentiviral vector in HEK293SF cells, at least under our manufacturing process.

20.
Comput Biol Med ; 126: 104050, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096422

RESUMO

Multi-modal medical imaging has emerged as a general trend in clinical diagnosis and treatment planning. In recent years, great efforts have been made to investigate and develop dual-modality scanners, among which PET/CT is the most widespread one in clinical practice. In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective PET/CT data visualization method that can integrate these two modalities into composite data for better observation. The proposed method consists of three main steps. First, a PET data colorization approach is presented based on a dual-threshold scheme, which applies a pair of high and low thresholds to colorize the PET image. Then, to extract functional information from the PET image more adequately, unlike traditional blending fashion that directly uses the CT image as underlay, we merge the CT and the PET images with a Laplacian pyramid (LP)-based image fusion approach to generate the underlay. Finally, the visualization result is obtained by blending the fused image and the colorized PET image. Experiments are conducted on 5 sets of PET/CT scans that contain 200 paired slices in total. The ClearCanvas software and the method using the presented PET colorization approach but with the CT image as underlay are adopted for comparison. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve more promising performance in terms of both visual perception and quantitative assessment. The code of the proposed method has been made available online athttps://github.com/yuliu316316/Visualization.

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