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1.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2873-2887, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741612

RESUMO

Background: Electroacupuncture (EA), with varying stimulation intensities, has demonstrated therapeutic potentials in both animal and clinical studies for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, a comprehensive investigation of the intensity-related effects, particularly 1mA and 3mA of EA, and the underlying mechanisms remains lacking. Methods: A COPD rat model was established by prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke and intermittent intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide. EA treatment was administered at acupoints BL13 (Feishu) and ST36 (Zusanli), 20 minutes daily for 2 weeks, with intensities of 1mA and 3mA. EA effectiveness was evaluated by pulmonary function, histopathological change, serum level of inflammatory cytokines, and level of oxidative stress markers in serum and lung tissues. Transcriptome profiling and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were performed to reveal gene expression patterns and identify hub genes. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot (WB) were performed to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels, respectively. Results: EA at both 1mA and 3mA exerted differing therapeutic effects by improving lung function and reducing inflammation and oxidative stress in COPD rats. Transcriptome analysis revealed distinct expression patterns between the two groups, functionally corresponding to shared and intensity-specific (1mA and 3mA) enriched pathways. Eight candidate genes were identified, including Aqp9, Trem1, Mrc1, and Gpnmb that were downregulated by EA and upregulated in COPD. Notably, Msr1 and Slc26a4 exclusively downregulated in EA-1mA, while Pde3a and Bmp6 upregulated solely in EA-3mA. WGCNA constructed 5 key modules and elucidated the module-trait relationship, with the aforementioned 8 genes being highlighted. Additionally, their mRNA and protein levels were validated by RT-qPCR and WB. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that 1mA and 3mA intensities induce distinct gene expression patterns at the transcriptional level, associated with shared and 1mA vs 3mA-specific enriched pathways. Genes Mrc1, Gpnmb, Trem1, and Aqp9 emerge as promising targets, and further studies are needed to elucidate their functional consequences in COPD.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732698

RESUMO

Bio-based epoxy resins have received significant attention in terms of concerns regarding carbon emission. Epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) derived from sustainable feedstock has been widely used to blend with traditional diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) to replace some of the petroleum-based components. In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were applied to track the network formation and predict the performance of methyl hexahydrophthalic anhydride (MHHPA)-cured ESO/DGEBA blend systems. The effects of ESO content and cross-linking degree on the mass density, volumetric shrinkage, glass transition temperature (Tg), coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), Young's modulus, yield strength, and Poisson's ratio of the epoxy resin were systematically investigated. The results show that systems with high ESO content achieve gelation at low cross-linking degree. The Tg value, Young's modulus, and yield strength increase with the increase in cross-linking degree, but the CTE at the glassy state and Poisson's ratio decrease. The comparison results between the simulated and experimental data demonstrated that the MD simulations can accurately predict the thermal and mechanical properties of ESO-based thermosets. This study gains insight into the variation in thermo-mechanical properties of anhydride-cured ESO/DGEBA-based epoxy resins during the cross-linking process and provides a rational strategy for optimizing bio-based epoxy resins.

3.
Microbes Infect ; : 105336, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724001

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a group of heterologous populations of immature bone marrow cells consisting of progenitor cells of macrophages, dendritic cells and granulocytes. Recent studies have revealed that the accumulation of MDSCs in the mouse spleen plays a pivotal role in suppressing the immune response following JEV infection. However, the mechanisms by which JEV induces MDSCs are poorly understood. Here, it was found that JEV infection induces mitochondrial damage and the release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which further leads to the activation of TLR9. TLR9 deficiency decreases the M-MDSCs population and their suppressive function both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the increase of MHCⅡ expression on antigen-presenting cells and CD28 expression on T cells in TLR9-/- mice was positively correlated with M-MDSCs reduction. Accordingly, the survival rate of TLR9-/- mice dramatically increased after JEV infection. These findings reveal the connections of mitochondrial damage and TLR9 activation to the induction of M-MDSCs during JEV infection.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717846

RESUMO

P3-layered transition oxide cathodes have garnered considerable attention owing to their high initial capacity, rapid Na+ kinetics, and less energy consumption during the synthesis process. Despite these merits, their practical application is hindered by the substantial capacity degradation resulting from unfavorable structural transformations, Mn dissolution and migration. In this study, we systematically investigated the failure mechanisms of P3 cathodes, encompassing Mn dissolution, migration, and the irreversible P3-O3' phase transition, culminating in severe structural collapse. To address these challenges, we proposed an interfacial spinel local interlocking strategy utilizing P3/spinel intergrowth oxide as a proof-of-concept material. As a result, P3/spinel intergrowth oxide cathodes demonstrated enhanced cycling performance. The effectiveness of suppressing Mn migration and maintaining local structure of interfacial spinel local interlocking strategy was validated through depth-etching X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and in situ synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction. This interfacial spinel local interlocking engineering strategy presents a promising avenue for the development of advanced cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710075

RESUMO

G-triplexes are G-rich oligonucleotides composed of three G-tracts and have absorbed much attention due to their potential biological functions and attractive performance in biosensing. Through the optimization of loop compositions, DNA lengths, and 5'-flanking bases of G-rich sequences, a new stable G-triplex sequence with 14 bases (G3-F15) was discovered to dramatically activate the fluorescence of Thioflavin T (ThT), a water-soluble fluorogenic dye. The fluorescence enhancement of ThT after binding with G3-F15 reached 3200 times, which was the strongest one by far among all of the G-rich sequences. The conformations of G3-F15 and G3-F15/ThT were studied by circular dichroism. The thermal stability measurements indicated that G3-F15 was a highly stable G-triplex structure. The conformations of G3-F15 and G3-F15/ThT in the presence of different metal cations were studied thoroughly by fluorescent spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Furthermore, using the G3-F15/ThT complex as a fluorescent probe, a robust and simple turn-on fluorescent sensor for uracil-DNA glycosylase activity was developed. This study proposes a new systematic strategy to explore new functional G-rich sequences and their ligands, which will promote their applications in diagnosis, therapy, and biosensing.

6.
Food Chem ; 451: 139469, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703727

RESUMO

Excipient selection is crucial to address the oxidation and solubility challenges of bioactive substances, impacting their safety and efficacy. AKPL, a novel ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) esterified phospholipid derived from Antarctic krill, demonstrates unique antioxidant capabilities and synergistic effects. It exhibits pronounced surface activity and electronegativity at physiological pH, as evidenced by a critical micelle concentration (CMC) of 0.15 g/L and ζ-potential of -49.9 mV. In aqueous environments, AKPL self-assembles into liposomal structures, offering high biocompatibility and promoting cell proliferation. Its polyunsaturated bond-rich structure provides additional oxidation sites, imparting antioxidant properties superior to other phospholipids like DSPC and DOPC. Additionally, AKPL augments the efficacy of lipophilic antioxidants, such as alpha-tocopherol and curcumin, in aqueous media through both intermolecular and intramolecular interactions. In sum, AKPL emerges as an innovative unsaturated phospholipid, offering new strategies for encapsulating and delivering oxygen-sensitive agents.

7.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1361632, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711753

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes in sleep conditions, anxiety, and depression levels among college students before and after entering the university. Methods: Utilizing a random sampling method, 692 new students from a college in Shandong province were selected in September 2019, and relevant indices were statistically analyzed in September 2021 following a comprehensive follow-up. Sleep status, anxiety, and depression levels were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), respectively. Results: Gender, passive smoking, exercise, intake of fruits, and intake of seafood were identified as significant influencing factors on college students' sleep status, anxiety, and depression levels (p < 0.05). A substantial difference was observed in the sleep quality of college students between the early enrollment stage and the follow-up stage (p < 0.05). Moreover, a significant positive correlation was found between PSQI scores and the levels of anxiety and depression (p < 0.05), cumulatively explaining approximately 10% of the variance in anxiety and depression levels. Conclusion: The sleep quality of college students exhibited significant improvement after enrollment compared to the early enrollment period. Engaging in appropriate exercise and consuming fruits and seafood demonstrated a positive impact on sleep conditions, anxiety, and depression levels. These findings underscore the importance of fostering healthy lifestyle habits for promoting overall well-being among college students.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interferon (IFN)-induced lung injury is a rare but severe complication. Studies are needed to elucidate the demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, and prognostic features of IFN-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD). CASE REPORT: We report a patient with chronic hepatitis who developed ILD after interferon monotherapy. To further clarify the clinical characteristics of such patients, we searched for cases in which lung injury was documented as a side effect of hepatitis treatment and systematically analyzed all case reports for clinical manifestations, type of treatment, and outcomes. RESULTS: This is a 61-year-old male with a previous medical history of chronic hepatitis B. After 2 months of pegylated-interferon alpha (PEG-IFNα) application, he gradually developed cough and exertional dyspnea. Repeated chest images suggested progressive ILD, and lung biopsy revealed subacute lung injury. The diagnosis of PEG-IFNα-induced ILD was made. Including our case, 35 articles containing 45 patients were involved in our review. IFN-induced ILDs, often with a subacute onset, are characterized by nonproductive cough, dyspnea, and pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph. Most patients(62%, 28/45) required additional systemic steroid, and 5 (11%) patients who were co-administered ribavirin died of ILD progression despite steroid treatment. CONCLUSION: Although rare, IFN-induced ILD can lead to decreased lung function, and sometimes become fatal despite intensive treatment. Most previously reported cases were with chronic hepatitis C, and most of the medication was in combination with ribavirin. IFN-induced ILD should be monitored during IFN therapy, and appropriate steroid is recommended in patients with progressive manifestations.

9.
Cell Rep Med ; : 101543, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697101

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment in the elderly is associated with alterations in bile acid (BA) metabolism. In this study, we observe elevated levels of serum conjugated primary bile acids (CPBAs) and ammonia in elderly individuals, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and aging rodents, with a more pronounced change in females. These changes are correlated with increased expression of the ileal apical sodium-bile acid transporter (ASBT), hippocampal synapse loss, and elevated brain CPBA and ammonia levels in rodents. In vitro experiments confirm that a CPBA, taurocholic acid, and ammonia induced synaptic loss. Manipulating intestinal BA transport using ASBT activators or inhibitors demonstrates the impact on brain CPBA and ammonia levels as well as cognitive decline in rodents. Additionally, administration of an intestinal BA sequestrant, cholestyramine, alleviates cognitive impairment, normalizing CPBAs and ammonia in aging mice. These findings highlight the potential of targeting intestinal BA absorption as a therapeutic strategy for age-related cognitive impairment.

10.
PLoS Pathog ; 20(5): e1012228, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739679

RESUMO

The arthropod exoskeleton provides protection and support and is vital for survival and adaption. The integrity and mechanical properties of the exoskeleton are often impaired after pathogenic infection; however, the detailed mechanism by which infection affects the exoskeleton remains largely unknown. Here, we report that the damage to the shrimp exoskeleton is caused by modulation of host lipid profiles after infection with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). WSSV infection disrupts the mechanical performance of the exoskeleton by inducing the expression of a chitinase (Chi2) in the sub-cuticle epidermis and decreasing the cuticle chitin content. The induction of Chi2 expression is mediated by a nuclear receptor that can be activated by certain enriched long-chain saturated fatty acids after infection. The damage to the exoskeleton, an aftereffect of the induction of host lipogenesis by WSSV, significantly impairs the motor ability of shrimp. Blocking the WSSV-caused lipogenesis restored the mechanical performance of the cuticle and improved the motor ability of infected shrimp. Therefore, this study reveals a mechanism by which WSSV infection modulates shrimp internal metabolism resulting in phenotypic impairment, and provides new insights into the interactions between the arthropod host and virus.

11.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735913

RESUMO

Early detection and effective chemotherapy for ovarian cancer, a serious gynecological malignancy, require further progress. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of ATPase H+-Transporting V1 Subunit B1 (ATP6V1B1) in ovarian cancer development and chemoresistance. Our data show that ATP6V1B1 is upregulated in ovarian cancer and correlated with decreased progression-free survival. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments demonstrated that ATP6V1B1 promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells in vitro, while ATP6V1B1 knockout inhibits tumor growth in vivo. In addition, knocking down ATP6V1B1 increases the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin. Mechanistic studies showed that ATP6V1B1 regulates the activation of the mTOR/autophagy pathway. Overall, our study confirmed the oncogenic role of ATP6V1B1 in ovarian cancer and revealed that ATP6V1B1 promotes ovarian cancer progression via the mTOR/autophagy axis.

12.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(5): 882-895, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617000

RESUMO

Purpose: Mounting evidence indicates that psychological stress adversely affects cancer progression including tumor growth and metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of chronic stress-induced microbiome perturbation in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. Methods: Chronic restraint stress (CRS) was used to establish the chronic stress mouse model, behavioral tests were used for the CRS model evaluation. Subcutaneous xenograft model and lung metastasis model were established to investigate the growth and metastasis of CRC promoted by CRS exposure. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) were applied to observe the effects of CRS exposure on the alteration of the gut microbiome and microbial metabolites. Bioinformatics analysis and correlation analyses were applied to analyse the changes in the frequency of body mass, tumor volume, inflammatory factors, neuroendocrine hormones and metabolites of the gut microbiota. Results: In this study, we identifed that CRS exposure model was appropriately constructed by achieving expected increases in disease activity index and enhanced depressive-like behaviors. CRS exposure can promote growth and metastasis of CRC. Besides, the data indicated that CRS exposure not only increased the neuro- and immune-inflammation, but also weakened the gut mucosal immunological function. The 16s rRNA gene sequencing data showed that CRS exposure increased the abundance of g_Ruminococcaceae_UCG_014. Furthermore, the LC-MS data indicated that with only 2 exceptions of carpaine and DG (15:0/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)/0:0), the majority of these 24 metabolites were less abundant in CRS-exposed mice. Bioinformatics analysis and correlation analyses indicated that only Ruminoscoccaceae-UCG-014 was significantly associated with inflammation (IL-6), neurotransmission (5-HT), and microbial metabolism (PS). Conclusion: CRS exposure altered diversity, composition and metabolites of the gut microbiome, with Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014 perturbation consistently correlated to inflammatory responses, suggesting a particular role of this bacterial genus in CRC growth and metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação
13.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Craniopharyngioma is a common intracranial tumour in children. Clinical manifestations are related to hypothalamic/pituitary deficiencies, visual impairment, and increased intracranial pressure. Defects in pituitary function cause shortages of growth hormone, gonadotropin, corticotropin, thyrotropin, and vasopressin, resulting in short stature, delayed puberty, feebleness, lethargy, polyuria, etc. However, manifestations involving precocious puberty (PP) are rare. CASE REPORT: In both patients, surgical resection was performed after the diagnosis of craniopharyngioma, and breast development occurred postoperatively at one month in one patient and at one year and three months in the other patient. Central precocious puberty (CPP) was diagnosed via relevant examinations. Leuprorelin was injected subcutaneously every 28 days, and changes in height, weight, bone age, gonadal ultrasound and sex hormones were recorded. During the follow-up of the two children, the sex hormone levels were significantly reduced, and significant acceleration in bone age was not observed. CONCLUSIONS: CPP was induced by craniopharyngioma surgery, and treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) inhibited sexual development and bone age progression. More attention should be given to monitoring for CPP during long-term follow-up of craniopharyngiomas in the clinic.

14.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678526

RESUMO

Excessive inflammatory response following ischemic stroke (IS) injury is a key factor affecting the functional recovery of patients. The efferocytic clearance of apoptotic cells within ischemic brain tissue is a critical mechanism for mitigating inflammation, presenting a promising avenue for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying efferocytosis in the brain after IS and its impact on brain injury and recovery are poorly understood. This study explored the roles of inflammation and efferocytosis in IS with bioinformatics. Three Gene Expression Omnibus Series (GSE) (GSE137482-3 m, GSE137482-18 m, and GSE30655) were obtained from NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) and GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were processed for GSEA (Gene Set Enrichment Analysis), GO (Gene Ontology Functional Enrichment Analysis), and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analyses. Efferocytosis-related genes were identified from the existing literature, following which the relationship between Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) and efferocytosis-related genes was examined. The single-cell dataset GSE174574 was employed to investigate the distinct expression profiles of efferocytosis-related genes. The identified hub genes were verified using the dataset of human brain and peripheral blood sample datasets GSE56267 and GSE122709. The dataset GSE215212 was used to predict competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network, and GSE231431 was applied to verify the expression of differential miRNAs. At last, the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) model was established to validate the efferocytosis process and the expression of hub genes. DEGs in two datasets were significantly enriched in pathways involved in inflammatory response and immunoregulation. Based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analyses, we identified hub efferocytosis-related genes (Abca1, C1qc, Ptx3, Irf5, and Pros1) and key transcription factors (Stat5). The scRNA-seq analysis showed that these hub genes were mainly expressed in microglia and macrophages which are the main cells with efferocytosis function in the brain. We then identified miR-125b-5p as a therapeutic target of IS based on the ceRNA network. Finally, we validated the phagocytosis and clearance of dead cells by efferocytosis and the expression of hub gene Abca1 in MCAO mice models.

15.
Adv Mater ; : e2405052, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652767

RESUMO

Protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) hold potential for sustainable energy conversion, yet their widespread application is hindered by the sluggish kinetics and inferior stability of cathode materials. Here, a facile and efficient reverse atom capture technique is developed to manipulate the surface chemistry of PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co1.5Fe0.5O5+ δ (PBSCF) cathode for PCFCs. This method successfully captures segregated Ba and Sr cations on the PBSCF surface using W species, creating a (Ba/Sr)(Co/Fe/W)O3- δ (BSCFW)@PBSCF heterostructure. Benefiting from enhanced kinetics of proton-involved oxygen reduction reaction and strengthened chemical stability, the single cell using the optimized 2W-PBSCF cathode demonstrates an exceptional peak power density of 1.32 W cm-2 at 650 °C and maintains durable performance for 240 h. Theoretical calculations unveil that the BSCFW perovskite delivers lower oxygen vacancy formation energy, hydration energy, and proton transfer energy compared to the PBSCF perovskite. This protocol offers new insights into advanced atom capture techniques for sustainable energy infrastructures.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610284

RESUMO

For decades, soft sensors have been extensively renowned for their efficiency in real-time tracking of expensive variables for advanced process control. However, despite the diverse efforts lavished on enhancing their models, the issue of label sparsity when modeling the soft sensors has always posed challenges across various processes. In this paper, a fledgling technique, called co-training, is studied for leveraging only a small ratio of labeled data, to hone and formulate a more advantageous framework in soft sensor modeling. Dissimilar to the conventional routine where only two players are employed, we investigate the efficient number of players in batch processes, making a multiple-player learning scheme to assuage the sparsity issue. Meanwhile, a sliding window spanning across both time and batch direction is used to aggregate the samples for prediction, and account for the unique 2D correlations among the general batch process data. Altogether, the forged framework can outperform the other prevalent methods, especially when the ratio of unlabeled data is climbing up, and two case studies are showcased to demonstrate its effectiveness.

17.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that symptoms associated with post-COVID-19 condition (also known as long COVID) can affect multiple organs and systems in the human body, but their association with viral persistence is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 in diverse tissues at three timepoints following recovery from mild COVID-19, as well as its association with long COVID symptoms. METHODS: This single-centre, cross-sectional cohort study was done at China-Japan Friendship Hospital in Beijing, China, following the omicron wave of COVID-19 in December, 2022. Individuals with mild COVID-19 confirmed by PCR or a lateral flow test scheduled to undergo gastroscopy, surgery, or chemotherapy, or scheduled for treatment in hospital for other reasons, at 1 month, 2 months, or 4 months after infection were enrolled in this study. Residual surgical samples, gastroscopy samples, and blood samples were collected approximately 1 month (18-33 days), 2 months (55-84 days), or 4 months (115-134 days) after infection. SARS-CoV-2 was detected by digital droplet PCR and further confirmed through RNA in-situ hybridisation, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry. Telephone follow-up was done at 4 months post-infection to assess the association between the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA and long COVID symptoms. FINDINGS: Between Jan 3 and April 28, 2023, 317 tissue samples were collected from 225 patients, including 201 residual surgical specimens, 59 gastroscopy samples, and 57 blood component samples. Viral RNA was detected in 16 (30%) of 53 solid tissue samples collected at 1 month, 38 (27%) of 141 collected at 2 months, and seven (11%) of 66 collected at 4 months. Viral RNA was distributed across ten different types of solid tissues, including liver, kidney, stomach, intestine, brain, blood vessel, lung, breast, skin, and thyroid. Additionally, subgenomic RNA was detected in 26 (43%) of 61 solid tissue samples tested for subgenomic RNA that also tested positive for viral RNA. At 2 months after infection, viral RNA was detected in the plasma of three (33%), granulocytes of one (11%), and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of two (22%) of nine patients who were immunocompromised, but in none of these blood compartments in ten patients who were immunocompetent. Among 213 patients who completed the telephone questionnaire, 72 (34%) reported at least one long COVID symptom, with fatigue (21%, 44 of 213) being the most frequent symptom. Detection of viral RNA in recovered patients was significantly associated with the development of long COVID symptoms (odds ratio 5·17, 95% CI 2·64-10·13, p<0·0001). Patients with higher virus copy numbers had a higher likelihood of developing long COVID symptoms. INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest that residual SARS-CoV-2 can persist in patients who have recovered from mild COVID-19 and that there is a significant association between viral persistence and long COVID symptoms. Further research is needed to verify a mechanistic link and identify potential targets to improve long COVID symptoms. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key R&D Program of China, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences, and New Cornerstone Science Foundation. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 350: 124014, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642792

RESUMO

Biochar has been used for soil Cr(VI) remediation in the last decade due to its enriched redox functional groups and good electrochemical properties. However, the role of soil inherent Fe-bearing minerals during the reduction of Cr(VI) has been largely overlooked. In this study, biochar with different electron-donating capacities (EDCs) was produced at 400 °C (BC400) and 700 °C (BC700), and their performance for Cr(VI) reduction in soils with varied properties (e.g., Fe content) was investigated. The addition of BC400 caused around 14.2-36.0 mg g-1 Cr(VI) reduction after two weeks of incubation in red soil, paddy soil, loess soil, and fluvo-aquic soil, while a less Cr(VI) was reduced by BC700 (2.57-16.7 mg g-1) with smaller EDCs. The Cr(VI) reduction by both biochars in different soils was closely related to Fe content (R2 = 0.93-0.98), so red soil with the richest Fe (14.8% > 1.79-3.49%) showed the best reduction capability, and the removal of soil free Fe oxides (e.g., hematite) resulted in 71.9% decrease of Cr(VI) reduction by BC400. On one hand, Fe-bearing minerals could increase the soil acidity, neutralize the surface negative charge of biochar, enhance the contact between Cr(VI) and biochar, and thus facilitate the direct Cr(VI) reduction by biochar in soils. On the other hand, Fe-bearing minerals could also facilitate the indirect Cr(VI) reduction by mediating the electron from biochar to Cr(VI) with the cyclic transformation of Fe(II)/Fe(III). This study demonstrates the key role of soil Fe-bearing minerals in Cr(VI) reduction by biochar, which advances our understanding on the biochar-based remediation mechanism of Cr(VI)-contaminated soils.

19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1369343, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650918

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease stands as a leading global cause of mortality. Nucleotide-binding Oligomerization Domain-like Receptor Protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is widely acknowledged as pivotal factor in specific cardiovascular disease progression, such as myocardial infarction, heart failure. Recent investigations underscore a close interconnection between autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction and cardiac inflammation. It has been substantiated that sympathetic nervous system activation and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) assumes critical roles withinNLRP3 inflammasome pathway regulation, thereby contributing to the amelioration of cardiac injury and enhancement of prognosis in heart diseases. This article reviews the nexus between NLRP3 inflammasome and cardiovascular disorders, elucidating the modulatory functions of the sympathetic and vagus nerves within the ANS with regard to NLRP3 inflammasome. Furthermore, it delves into the potential therapeutic utility of NLRP3 inflammasome to be targeted by VNS. This review serves as a valuable reference for further exploration into the potential mechanisms underlying VNS in the modulation of NLRP3 inflammasome.

20.
RSC Adv ; 14(17): 12131-12141, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628472

RESUMO

This study explores the limitations of TiO2 as a photocatalyst, focusing on its narrow bandwidth and high electron-hole complexation probabilities that restrict its applications. A novel one-pot synthesis method for TiO2/hydrochar matrix composites is presented, with variations achieved through control of hydrothermal temperature, time, and loading concentration. The efficacy of these composites in ammonia removal is investigated, revealing optimal performance for the composite denoted as 3Ti-160-7, synthesized with a titanium salt concentration of 0.3 mol L-1, a hydrothermal temperature of 160 °C, and a hydrothermal time of 7 hours. Comparative analyses with commercial TiO2 (P25) and hydrochar demonstrate superior performance of 3Ti-160-7, exhibiting significantly lower ammonia concentration and reduced NO and NO2 concentrations. This research underscores the cost-effectiveness and application potential of TiO2/hydrochar matrix composites, offering valuable insights for the enhancement of photocatalytic activity and broader applicability in addressing TiO2-related challenges.

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