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1.
Phys Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In current clinical practice for quality assurance (QA), intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) fields are verified by measuring planar dose distributions at one or a few selected depths in a phantom. A QA device that measures full 3D dose distributions at high spatiotemporal resolution would be highly beneficial for existing as well as emerging proton therapy techniques such as FLASH radiotherapy. Our objective is to demonstrate feasibility of 3D dose measurement for IMPT fields using a dedicated multi-layer strip ionization chamber (MLSIC) device. Approach: Our developed MLSIC comprises a total of 66 layers of strip ion chamber (IC) plates arranged, alternatively, in the x and y direction. The first two layers each has 128 channels in 2 mm spacing, and the following 64 layers each has 32 channels in 8 mm spacing which are interconnected every nine channels. A total of 768-channel IC signals are integrated and sampled at a speed of 6 kfps. The MLSIC has a total of 19.2 cm water equivalent thickness and is capable of measurement over a 25 × 25 cm2 field size. A reconstruction algorithm is developed to reconstruct 3D dose distribution for each spot at all depths by considering a double-Gaussian-Cauchy-Lorentz model. The 3D dose distribution of each beam is obtained by summing all spots. The performance of our MLSIC is evaluated for a clinical pencil beam scanning (PBS) plan. Main results: The dose distributions for each proton spot can be successfully reconstructed from the ionization current measurement of the strip ICs at different depths, which can be further summed up to a 3D dose distribution for the beam. 3D Gamma Index analysis indicates excellent agreement between the measured and calculated dose distributions. Significance: The dedicated MLSIC is the first pseudo-3D QA device that can measure 3D dose distribution in PBS proton fields spot-by-spot. .

2.
RSC Adv ; 14(25): 17547-17556, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828273

RESUMO

Dredged sediment poses significant challenges for transportation and subsequent treatment due to its high water content and large volume. Coagulation, a common method of dewatering, can significantly enhance the dewatering performance of dredged sediment. This study synthesized a cationic starch-based flocculant [starch-3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethylammonium chloride (St-CTA)] through etherification for the flocculation dewatering of dredged sediment. The effectiveness and mechanism of St-CTA as a dewatering flocculant for dredged sediment were investigated. The results demonstrated that when the dosage of St-CTA was 12 mg g-1 TSS (total suspended solids), the dehydration property of dredged sediment substantially improved, with the specific resistance to filtration (SRF) decreasing by 93.3%, the capillary suction time (CST) by 93.5%, and the water content of the filter cake (WC) by 9.7%. The removal rate of turbidity of the supernatant from the conditioned dredged sediment reached 99.6%, accelerating the settling speed and effectively capturing and separating fine particles from the sediment. St-CTA significantly increased the median particle size (D50), altered the microstructure and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) of the flocs, and increased the fractal dimension of the flocs, making them more compact and conducive to the formation of drainage channels. These findings confirm the feasibility of using potentially environmentally friendly St-CTA as a rapid dewatering conditioning agent for sediment.

3.
Mar Environ Res ; 198: 106560, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776723

RESUMO

Antibiotic residue stands as a significant ongoing environmental issue, with aquaculture being a major source of annual antibiotic discharge into the ocean. Nevertheless, there is still an incomplete evaluation of antibiotic residues in the Beibu Gulf, an area encompassed by two prominent aquaculture nations, China and Vietnam. The present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the presence antibiotic residues in the Beibu Gulf based on published studies. Data were obtained through eight databases up to December 19th, 2023, and were updated on April 15th, 2024. The pooled concentration of antibiotic residues in seawater was 5.90 (ng/L), ranging from 5.73 to 6.06 (ng/L), and was 8.03 (ng/g), ranging from 7.77 to 8.28 (ng/g) in sediments. Fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines, and macrolides were identified as the main antibiotics found in both seawater and sediment samples. The Beibu Gulf showed higher antibiotic levels in its western and northeastern areas. Additionally, the nearshore mangrove areas displayed the highest prevalence of antibiotic residues. It is strongly advised to conduct regular long-term monitoring of antibiotic residues in the Beibu Gulf. Collaborative surveys covering the entire Beibu Gulf involving China and Vietnam are recommended.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Água do Mar , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Antibacterianos/análise , Água do Mar/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Vietnã , Aquicultura
4.
Med Phys ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A dosimeter with high spatial and temporal resolution would be of significant interest for pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton beams' characterization, especially when facing small fields and beams with high temporal dynamics. Optical imaging of scintillators has potential in providing sub-millimeter spatial resolution with pulse-by-pulse basis temporal resolution when the imaging system is capable of operating in synchrony with the beam-producing accelerator. PURPOSE: We demonstrate the feasibility of imaging PBS proton beams as they pass through a plastic scintillator detector to simultaneously obtain multiple beam parameters, including proton range, pencil beam's widths at different depths, spot's size, and spot's position on a pulse-by-pulse basis with sub-millimeter resolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PBS synchrocyclotron was used for proton irradiation. A BC-408 plastic scintillator block with 30 × 30 × 5 cm3 size, and another block with 30 × 30 × 0.5 cm3 size, positioned in an optically sealed housing, were used sequentially to measure the proton range, and spot size/location, respectively. A high-speed complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) camera system synchronized with the accelerator's pulses through a gating module was used for imaging. Scintillation images, captured with the camera directly facing the 5-cm-thick scintillator, were corrected for background (BG), and ionization quenching of the scintillator to obtain the proton range. Spots' position and size were obtained from scintillation images of the 0.5-cm-thick scintillator when a 45° mirror was used to reflect the scintillation light toward the camera. RESULTS: Scintillation images with 0.16 mm/pixel resolution corresponding to all proton pulses were captured. Pulse-by-pulse analysis showed that variations of the range, spots' position, and size were within ± 0.2% standard deviation of their average values. The absolute ranges were within ± 1 mm of their expected values. The average spot-positions were mostly within ± 0.8 mm and spots' sigma agreed within 0.2 mm of the expected values. CONCLUSION: Scintillation-imaging PBS beams with high-spatiotemporal resolution is feasible and may help in efficient and cost-effective acceptance testing and commissioning of existing and even emerging technologies such as FLASH, grid, mini-beams, and so forth.

5.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 75, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical spinal cord injury (SCI) is a deteriorative neurological disorder, causing secondary neuroinflammation and neuropathy. ADAM8 is thought to be an extracellular metalloproteinase, which regulates proteolysis and cell adherence, but whether its intracellular region is involved in regulating neuroinflammation in microglia after SCI is unclear. METHODS: Using animal tissue RNA-Seq and clinical blood sample examinations, we found that a specific up-regulation of ADAM8 in microglia was associated with inflammation after SCI. In vitro, microglia stimulated by HMGB1, the tail region of ADAM8, promoted microglial inflammation, migration and proliferation by directly interacting with ERKs and Fra-1 to promote activation, then further activated Map3k4/JNKs/p38. Using SCI mice, we used BK-1361, a specific inhibitor of ADAM8, to treat these mice. RESULTS: The results showed that administration of BK-1361 attenuated the level of neuroinflammation and reduced microglial activation and recruitment by inhibiting the ADAM8/Fra-1 axis. Furthermore, treatment with BK-1361 alleviated glial scar formation, and also preserved myelin and axonal structures. The locomotor recovery of SCI mice treated with BK-1361 was therefore better than those without treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the results showed that ADAM8 was a critical molecule, which positively regulated neuroinflammatory development and secondary pathogenesis by promoting microglial activation and migration. Mechanically, ADAM8 formed a complex with ERK and Fra-1 to further activate the Map3k4/JNK/p38 axis in microglia. Inhibition of ADAM8 by treatment with BK-1361 decreased the levels of neuroinflammation, glial formation, and neurohistological loss, leading to favorable improvement in locomotor functional recovery in SCI mice.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM , Proteínas de Membrana , Microglia , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas ADAM/metabolismo , Proteínas ADAM/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas ADAM/genética , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Antígenos CD
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134472, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696964

RESUMO

Spent ternary lithium-ion batteries contain abundant lithium resource, and their proper disposal is conducive to environmental protection and the comprehensive utilization of resources. Separating valuable metals in the ternary leaching solution is the key to ensuring resource recovery. However, the traditional post-lithium extraction strategies, which heavily rely on ion exchange to remove transition metal ions in the leachate, encounter challenges in achieving satisfactory lithium yields and purities. Based on this, this paper proposed a new strategy to prioritize lithium extraction from ternary leachate using "(+) LiFePO4/FePO4 (-)" lithium extraction system. The preferential recovery of lithium can be realized by controlling the potential over 0.1 V versus Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE) without introducing any impurity ions. The lithium recovery rate reaches 98.91%, while the rejection rate of transition ions exceeds 99%, and the separation coefficients of lithium to transition metal ions can reach 126. Notably, the resulting lithium-rich liquid can directly prepare lithium carbonate with a purity of 99.36%. It provides a green and efficient strategy for the preferential recovery of lithium from the spent ternary leachate.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116627, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653112

RESUMO

Nanoparticles (NPs) serve as versatile delivery systems for anticancer, antibacterial, and antioxidant agents. The manipulation of protein-NP interactions within biological systems is crucial to the application of NPs in drug delivery and cancer nanotherapeutics. The protein corona (PC) that forms on the surface of NPs is the interface between biomacromolecules and NPs and significantly influences their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Upon encountering proteins, NPs undergo surface alterations that facilitate their clearance from circulation by the mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS). PC behavior depends largely on the biological microenvironment and the physicochemical properties of the NPs. This review describes various strategies employed to engineer PC compositions on NP surfaces. The effects of NP characteristics such as size, shape, surface modification and protein precoating on PC performance were explored. In addition, this study addresses these challenges and guides the future directions of this evolving field.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Coroa de Proteína , Coroa de Proteína/metabolismo , Coroa de Proteína/química , Humanos , Animais , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Engenharia de Proteínas/métodos , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Neurol Sci ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625608

RESUMO

Post-traumatic brain injury cognitive disorder(PTBICD) is one of the common symptoms of TBI survivors, severely limiting their life and rehabilitation progress. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to modulate cognition in a non-invasive manner while there are inconsistencies in previous studies. A comprehensive systematic review of rTMS treatment in patients with PTBICD is warranted. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rTMS + cognitive training(CT) in enhancing cognitive function among PTBICD patients. A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, WOS, CNKI, Wan Fang, VIP and CBM, to identify relevant randomized controlled trials(RCTs) published before December 20, 2023. The primary outcomes measured changes in global cognitive scales, while the secondary outcomes focused on improvements in attention, memory, event-related potentials, and activities of daily living. Meta-analysis of data was carried out using Stata 14.0. Fourteen studies including 820 PTBICD patients were included. The results showed that rTMS + CT significantly improved MoCA[WMD = 3.47, 95%CI (2.56, 4.38)], MMSE[WMD = 3.79, 95%CI (2.23, 5.35)], RBMT[WMD = 1.53, 95%CI (0.19, 2.87)], LOTCA[WMD = 5.68, 95%CI (3.11, 8.24)], and promoted MBI[WMD = 7.41, 95%CI (5.90, 8.92)] as well as reduced correlated potential P300 latency[WMD = -20.77, 95%CI (-38.08, -3.45)] and amplitude[WMD = 0.81, 95%CI (0.57, 1.06)] in PTBICD compared to sham rTMS or CT, while adverse reaction ratio was higher than that of control group [RR = 1.67, 95%CI (1.00, 2.77)]. The results demonstrated that rTMS + CT can improve the cognitive function, mental state and daily activity ability of PTBICD patients. Systematic Review Registration: [PROSPERO], identifier [No. CRD42024520596].

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593248

RESUMO

Although conductive hydrogel-based flexible electronic devices have superb flexibility and high conductivities, they tend to malfunction in dry or frigid areas. Herein, an ultralow-temperature tolerant, antidrying, and conductive composite hydrogel is designed for electronic skin applications on the basis of the synergy of double-cross-linked polymer networks, Hofmeister effect, and electrostatic interaction and fabricated by in situ free radical polymerization of 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid and acrylic acid in the presence of poly(vinyl alcohol) and conductive MXene sheets, followed by impregnation with LiCl. Thanks to the synergy of LiCl and the charged polar terminal groups of the synthesized polymers, the composite hydrogel can not only bear an ultralow temperature of -80 °C without freezing but also maintain its original mass. Meanwhile, the resultant hydrogel possesses satisfactory self-regeneration ability benefiting from the moisturizing effect of LiCl. The conductive network of MXene sheets greatly improves the ionic conductivity of the hydrogel at low temperatures, exhibiting an ionic conductivity of 1.4 S m-1 at -80 °C. Furthermore, the electronic skin assembled by the multifunctional hydrogel is efficient in monitoring human motions at -80 °C. The antifreezing and antidrying features along with favorable ionic conductivity, high tensile strength, and outstanding flexibility make the composite hydrogel promising for applications in frigid and dry regions.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of core strengthening exercises on pain, mobility, and lower extremity muscle strength in patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFP). DESIGN: Six databases were searched from inception until August 11, 2023. Pain, function and muscle strength related outcomes were extracted and the quality of the studies was assessed using the PEDro scale and the level of evidence was assessed using the GRADE. RESULTS: Nineteen studies involving 1138 patients were included. Very low-grade evidence supported the short-term pain-relieving effect of core training (SMD = -0.60 95% CI [-0.95, -0.25]), high-grade evidence supported the short-term functional improvement effects of core training (WMD = 3.61 95% CI [1.44, 5.78]), which was similarly significant within 3-12 months of follow-up. The results of the subgroup analyses suggested that hip-knee training was most advantageous in relieving pain and enhancing motor function. CONCLUSIONS: Although training that includes trunk core is clearly superior to knee strengthening alone, the effectiveness of hip-knee training, which is also a core training program for pain and function, is more pronounced. The available evidence supports that hip-knee training is the most valuable treatment option for patients with PFP.

11.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 25(5): e14337, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The quality of on-board imaging systems, including cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), plays a vital role in image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) and adaptive radiotherapy. Recently, there has been an upgrade of the CBCT systems fused in the O-ring linear accelerators called HyperSight, featuring a high imaging performance. As the characterization of a new imaging system is essential, we evaluated the image quality of the HyperSight system by comparing it with Halcyon 3.0 CBCT and providing benchmark data for routine imaging quality assurance. METHODS: The HyperSight features ultra-fast scan time, a larger kilovoltage (kV) detector, a more substantial kV tube, and an advanced reconstruction algorithm. Imaging protocols in the two modes of operation, treatment mode with IGRT and the CBCT for planning (CBCTp) mode were evaluated and compared with Halcyon 3.0 CBCT. Image quality metrics, including spatial resolution, contrast resolution, uniformity, noise, computed tomography (CT) number linearity, and calibration error, were assessed using a Catphan and an electron density phantom and analyzed with TotalQA software. RESULTS: HyperSight demonstrated substantial improvements in contrast-to-noise ratio and noise in both IGRT and CBCTp modes compared to Halcyon 3.0 CBCT. CT number calibration error of HyperSight CBCTp mode (1.06%) closely matches that of a full CT scanner (0.72%), making it suitable for adaptive planning. In addition, the advanced hardware of HyperSight, such as ultra-fast scan time (5.9 s) or 2.5 times larger heat unit capacity, enhanced the clinical efficiency in our experience. CONCLUSIONS: HyperSight represented a significant advancement in CBCT imaging. With its image quality, CT number accuracy, and ultra-fast scans, HyperSight has a potential to transform patient care and treatment outcomes. The enhanced scan speed and image quality of HyperSight are expected to significantly improve the quality and efficiency of treatment, particularly benefiting patients.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Aceleradores de Partículas , Imagens de Fantasmas , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Aceleradores de Partículas/instrumentação , Humanos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos
12.
J Control Release ; 369: 545-555, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588825

RESUMO

Severe burn injuries with massive dermal loss are often underestimated despite their significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Resembling the natural extracellular matrix (ECM), hyaluronic acid (HA)-based dressings have been extensively explored as suitable candidates for burn wound treatment. However, native HA hydrogel's limitations, such as low mechanical strength, rapid degradation, and uncontrollable drug delivery, hinder its efficacy, especially for full-thickness burns requiring injectable hydrogels with robust antibacterial and angiogenic capabilities. Herein, we present a novel multifunctional sequential dual-curing hydrogel system, combining hyperbranched poly(DMA-DMAPMA-PEGDA) (DDP) polymer with thiolated hyaluronic acid (HA-SH). The DDP copolymer, featuring multi-vinyls and catechol functionalities, facilitates two curing reactions taking place sequentially with HA-SH under physiological conditions, balancing convenient injection with the mechanical strength essential for effective wound management. Furthermore, the resulting DDP/HA hydrogels demonstrate enhanced therapeutic attributes, including intrinsic angiogenic and antimicrobial effects, setting them as promising dressing options for deep burn wound therapy.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Catecóis , Ácido Hialurônico , Hidrogéis , Cicatrização , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Hidrogéis/administração & dosagem , Hidrogéis/química , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Queimaduras/terapia , Animais , Catecóis/administração & dosagem , Catecóis/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Bandagens , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/química , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas/química , Injeções , Camundongos
13.
Environ Int ; 187: 108662, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Potential effect of greenspace exposure on human microbiota have been explored by a number of observational and interventional studies, but the results remained mixed. We comprehensively synthesized these studies by performing a systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches in three international databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science) and three Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and China Biology Medicine disc) were conducted from inception to November 1, 2023. Observational and interventional studies that evaluated associations between greenspace exposure and human microbiota at different anatomical sites were included. Studies were assessed using the National Toxicology Program's office of Health Assessment and Translation risk of bias tool and certainty of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework. Two authors independently performed study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment, and evidence grading. Study results were synthesized descriptively. RESULTS: Twenty studies, including 11 observational studies and 9 interventional studies, were finally included into the systematic review. The microbiota of the included studies was from gut (n = 13), skin (n = 10), oral cavity (n = 5), nasal cavity (n = 5) and eyes (n = 1). The majority of studies reported the associations of greenspace exposure with increased diversity (e.g., richness and Shannon index) and/or altered overall composition of human gut (n = 12) and skin microbiota (n = 8), with increases in the relative abundance of probiotics (e.g., Ruminococcaceae) and decreases in the relative abundance of pathogens (e.g., Streptococcus and Escherichia/Shigella). Due to limited number of studies, evidence concerning greenspace and oral, nasal, and ocular microbiota were still inconclusive. CONCLUSION: The current evidence suggests that greenspace exposure may diversify gut and skin microbiota and alter their composition to healthier profiles. These findings would be helpful in uncovering the potential mechanisms underlying greenspace and human health and in promoting a healthier profile of human microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Humanos , Exposição Ambiental
14.
Clin Transl Med ; 14(4): e1661, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced neuroinflammation and oxidative stress (OS) are crucial events causing neurological dysfunction. Aconitate decarboxylase 1 (ACOD1) and its metabolite itaconate (Ita) inhibit inflammation and OS by promoting alkylation of Keap1 to induce Nrf2 expression; however, it is unclear whether there is another pathway regulating their effects in inflammation-activated microglia after SCI. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 ACOD1-/- mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to a moderate thoracic spinal cord contusion. The degree of neuroinflammation and OS in the injured spinal cord were assessed using qPCR, western blot, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and trans-well assay. We then employed immunoprecipitation-western blot, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-PCR, dual-luciferase assay, and immunofluorescence-confocal imaging to examine the molecular mechanisms of ACOD1. Finally, the locomotor function was evaluated with the Basso Mouse Scale and footprint assay. RESULTS: Both in vitro and in vivo, microglia with transcriptional blockage of ACOD1 exhibited more severe levels of neuroinflammation and OS, in which the expression of p62/Keap1/Nrf2 was down-regulated. Furthermore, silencing ACOD1 exacerbated neurological dysfunction in SCI mice. Administration of exogenous Ita or 4-octyl itaconate reduced p62 phosphorylation. Besides, ACOD1 was capable of interacting with phosphorylated p62 to enhance Nrf2 activation, which in turn further promoted transcription of ACOD1. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we identified an unreported ACOD1-p62-Nrf2-ACOD1 feedback loop exerting anti-inflammatory and anti-OS in inflammatory microglia, and demonstrated the neuroprotective role of ACOD1 after SCI, which was different from that of endogenous and exogenous Ita. The present study extends the functions of ACOD1 and uncovers marked property differences between endogenous and exogenous Ita. KEY POINTS: ACOD1 attenuated neuroinflammation and oxidative stress after spinal cord injury. ACOD1, not itaconate, interacted with p-p62 to facilitate Nrf2 expression and nuclear translocation. Nrf2 was capable of promoting ACOD1 transcription in microglia.


Assuntos
Carboxiliases , Hidroliases , Microglia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Succinatos , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Carboxiliases/metabolismo , Carboxiliases/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Succinatos/farmacologia , Succinatos/metabolismo
15.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473605

RESUMO

In this study, the grain boundary character distribution (GBCD) of a B10 alloy was optimized, employing thermomechanical processing consisting of friction stirring processing (FSP) and annealing treatment. Using electron backscatter diffraction, the effects of rotational speed of FSP and annealing time on the evolution of GBCD were systematically investigated. The GBCD evolution was analyzed concerning various parameters, such as the fraction of low-Σ coincidence site lattice (CSL) boundaries, the average number of grains per twin-related domain (TRD), the length of longest chain (LLC), and the triple junction distribution. The experimental results revealed that the processing of a 1400 rpm rotational speed of FSP followed by annealing at 750 °C for 60 min resulted in the optimum grain boundary engineering (GBE) microstructure with the highest fraction of low-Σ CSL boundaries being 82.50% and a significantly fragmented random boundary network, as corroborated by the highest average number of grains per TRD (14.73) with the maximum LLC (2.14) as well as the highest J2/(1 - J3) value (12.76%). As the rotational speed of FSP increased from 600 rpm to 1400 rpm, the fraction of low-Σ CSL boundaries monotonously increased. The fraction of low-Σ CSL boundaries first increased and then decreased with an increase in annealing time. The key to achieving GBE lies in inhibiting the recrystallization phenomenon while stimulating abundant multiple twinning events through strain-induced boundary migration.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 923: 171456, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442758

RESUMO

Although traditional organophosphate esters (OPEs) in soils have attracted widespread interest, there is little information on novel OPEs (NOPEs), especially in facility agriculture soils. In this work, we surveyed 11 traditional OPEs, four NOPEs, and four corresponding organophosphite antioxidant precursors (OPAs) for the NOPEs in soil samples collected from facility greenhouses and open fields. The median summed concentrations of traditional OPEs and NOPEs were 14.1 µg/kg (range: 5.38-115 µg/kg) and 702 µg/kg (range: 348-1952 µg/kg), respectively, in film-mulched soils from greenhouses. These concentrations were much higher than those in soils without mulch films, which suggests that OPEs in soils are associated with plastic mulch films. Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate, which is a NOPE produced by oxidation of (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite, was the predominant congener in farmland soils, with concentrations several orders of magnitude greater than those of traditional OPEs. Comparisons of OPEs in different mulch films and the corresponding mulched soils revealed that degradable and black films caused more severe pollution than polyethylene and white films. Traditional OPEs, including tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate and tricresyl phosphate, exhibited moderate risks in farmland soils, especially in film-mulched soils. NOPEs, including trisnonylphenol phosphate, posed high ecological risks to the terrestrial ecosystem. Risk evaluations should be conducted for a broad range of NOPEs in the environment.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Solo , Pequim , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ésteres , Organofosfatos , China , Fosfatos , Agricultura , Retardadores de Chama/análise
17.
ACS Omega ; 9(8): 9321-9330, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434889

RESUMO

To improve the cleanliness of coal-fired power plants' particulate matter emissions, a novel device (single-channel slit bubbling particle removal device (SCSB-PRD)) is proposed to improve the wet flue gas desulfurization system's (WFGDs) collaborative particle removal effect. Actual coal-fired flue gas was used to test the particle removal performance. The results showed that the flue gas temperature had no obvious effect on the scrubbing effect of the SCSB-PRD. The scrubbing space, scrubbing liquid volume, and flue gas flow rate effectively changed the gas-liquid flow state, and the bubbling state was the key factor in particle removal. The jet-bubbling contact state was more conducive to removing particles than the foam bubbling state. The jet-bubbling state improved the removal efficiency of fine particles by approximately 30% compared to the foam bubbling state. The device operated in a single stage, and the removal performance of the particulate matter reached more than 60%. Even the submicron particles had a satisfactory removal performance of greater than 50%. The particulate matter concentration at the outlet of the WFGDs was reduced to less than 10 mg/m3, which provides a feasible transformation path for ultraultra-low emissions of particulate matter from coal-fired power plants.

18.
Chemosphere ; 354: 141667, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485002

RESUMO

The rapid development of the economy has led to an increase in the sulfur and nitrogen load in surface water, which has the potential to cause river eutrophication and the emission of malodorous gases. A lab-scale sediment microbial fuel cell coupled with Vallisneria natans (P-SMFC) was designed for surface water remediation. The enhancement of pollutant removal performance of P-SMFC was evaluated in contrast to the SMFC system without plants (SMFC), the open-circuit control system with plants (C-P), and the open-circuit control system without plants (C-S), while illustrating the mechanisms of the sulfur and nitrogen transformation process. The results demonstrated that the effluent and sediment of P-SMFC had lower concentrations of sulfide compared to other systems. Furthermore, P-SMFC exhibited higher removal efficiency for COD (73.1 ± 8.7%), NH4+-N (80.5 ± 19.8%), and NO3--N (88.5 ± 11.8%) compared to other systems. The closed-circuit conditions and growth of Vallisneria natans create a favorable ecological niche for functional microorganisms involved in power generation, sulfur oxidation, and nitrogen transformation. Additionally, metagenomic analysis revealed that multifunctional bacteria possessing both denitrification and sulfur oxidation genes, such as Thiobacillus, Dechloromonas, and Bacillus, may play simultaneous roles in metabolizing sulfur and nitrogen, thus serving as integral factors in maintaining the performance of P-SMFC. In summary, these findings provide a theoretical reference for the concurrent enhancement of sulfur and nitrogen pollutants removal in P-SMFC and will facilitate its practical application in the remediation of contaminated surface water.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Microbiota , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Água/química , Enxofre , Desnitrificação
19.
J Control Release ; 369: 88-100, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471640

RESUMO

Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) released from dead cells could be a player in some autoimmune disorders by activating Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) and inducing proinflammatory cytokines. Cationic nanoparticles (cNPs) address cfDNA clearance, yet challenges persist, including toxicity, low specificity and ineffectiveness against endocytosed cfDNA. This study introduced pH-sensitive cNPs, reducing off-target effects and binding cfDNA at inflammatory sites. This unique approach inhibits the TLR9 pathway, offering a novel strategy for inflammation modulation. Synthesized cNPs, with distinct cationic moieties, exhibit varied pKa values, enhancing cfDNA binding. Comprehensive studies elucidate the mechanism, demonstrating minimal extracellular binding, enhanced endosomal DNA binding, and optimal tumor necrosis factor-α suppression. In a traumatic brain injury mice model, pH-sensitive cNPs effectively suppress inflammatory cytokines, highlighting their potential in acute inflammation regulation.


Assuntos
Cátions , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Endossomos , Inflamação , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nanopartículas , Receptor Toll-Like 9 , Animais , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Endossomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor Toll-Like 9/metabolismo , Masculino , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
Chemosphere ; 357: 141854, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556181

RESUMO

This study investigates the nitrogen removal efficacy and microbial community dynamics in seawater aquaculture effluent treatment using three different substrate combinations of microscale laboratory aerated filters (MFs) - MF1 (LECA), MF2 (LECA/Fe-C), and MF3 (LECA/Pyrite). The findings indicated that the COD removal exceeded 95% across all MFs, with higher removal efficiencies in MF2 and MF3. In terms of nitrogen removal performance, MF2 exhibited the highest average nitrogen removal of 93.17%, achieving a 12.35% and 3.56% increase compared to MF1 (80.82%) and MF3 (89.61%), respectively. High-throughput sequencing analysis revealed that the Fe-C substrate significantly enhanced the diversity of the microbial community. Notably, in MF2, the salinophilic denitrifying bacterium Halomonas was significantly enriched, accounting for 42.6% of the total microbial community, which was beneficial for nitrogen removal. Moreover, an in-depth analysis of nitrogen metabolic pathways and microbial enzymes indicated that MF2 and MF3 possessed a high abundance of nitrification and denitrification enzymes, related to the high removal rates of NH4+-N and NO3--N. Therefore, the combination of LECA with iron-based materials significantly enhances the nitrogen removal efficiency from mariculture wastewater.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Desnitrificação , Ferro , Microbiota , Nitrogênio , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Águas Residuárias/química , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/análise , Ferro/metabolismo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Filtração/métodos , Nitrificação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Purificação da Água/métodos
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