Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 548
Filtrar
1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 318-25, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference of brain functional connectivity between diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) patients and healthy volunteers and changes after acupuncture intervention, so as to investigate the underlying mechanism of acupuncture in regulating functional activities of IBS-D patients by using seed point correlation analysis. METHODS: A total of 25 IBS-D patients and 25 healthy volunteers were recruited in the present study and respectively attributed to acupuncture group and control group. The IBS-D patients received manual acupuncture stimulation of Baihui (GV20), Yintang (EX-HN3), and bilateral Tianshu (ST25), Zusanli (ST36), Shangjuxu (ST37), Sanyinjiao (SP6) and Taichong (LR3) with mind-regulating and spleen-strengthening technique for 30 min, once a day, 3 days a week for 6 weeks. Before and after the intervention, the IBS symptom severity scale (IBS-SSS) was used to assess the patients' state of abdominal pain, distention and defecation, and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) employed to evaluate the patients' anxiety severity. The resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data were acquired and preprocessed by using SPM8 and DPARSE soft-wares. Seeds (bilate-ral hippocampus regions) to whole-brain analysis was performed to obtain the mean time series of the left and right seed regions, followed by making Pearson correlation analysis to obtain the correlation coefficient (time series from each seed region with the rest of the voxels in the brain), and making a multivariate comparative correction to get data of functional connectivity (FC) of bilateral hippocampus regions and to find the related difference in the brain regions. Then, the differences of the FC of brain regions between IBS-D patients and healthy volunteers were compared. RESULTS: Following acupuncture treatment, both the HAMA and IBS-SSS scores were significantly reduced in the acupuncture group compared with its pre-treatment (P<0.01). Compared with the healthy volunteers, there were a reduction in the functional connectivity between the left hippocampus seed region and the right inferior temporal gyrus, left fusiform gyrus and left superior gyrus, and between the right hippocampus region and the right fusiform gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus, left inferior occipital gyrus, left rectus gyrus, left insula, left precuneus, right angular gyrus, left middle occipital gyrus, right precuneus, and the left superior temporal gyrus, and an increase in the FC between the left hippocampus and left superior temporal gyrus was increased in ISB-D patients. Self-comparison showed that after the treatment, the FC was increased between the left hippocampus seed region and the right inferior temporal gyrus, left fusiform gyrus, bilateral lingual gyrus, left amygdala, right inferior occipital gyrus, right insula, right middle frontal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus and the left middle occipital gyrus; and between the right hippocampus seed region and the posterior inferior cerebellar lobe, left inferior temporal gyrus, left suboccipital gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, left insula, right inferior frontal gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus, left middle occipital gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, left supplementary motor area and right supplementary motor area, and decreased between the left hippocampus region and the left anterior cingulate, paracingulate gyrus and the right posterior central gyrus in IBS-D patients. CONCLUSION: Mind-regulating and spleen-strengthening acupuncture intervention may improve the abdominal pain and distension and emotional state in IBS-D patients, which is possibly associated with its effect in enhancing FC between the hippocampus and brain regions.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Diarreia , Emoções , Hipocampo , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Baço
2.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882474

RESUMO

Nanostructured metal oxide semiconductors have received great attention used as the chemiresistive layer of gas sensor to detect the volatile organic compound recently. Among these, p-type semiconductors have many advantages, such as temperature/humidity stability and compositional versatility; however, the study of sensing mechanism is still insufficient, which hampers their practical applications. In this work, the p-type delafossite CuCrO2nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized, and tested for gas sensing, followed by the first principles calculations to simulate the generation of chemiresistive signal. The adsorption sites and charge variations of dehydrogenation at the gas-solid interface predicted by the theoretical analysis are claimed to be crucial to the gas sensing properties, in terms of sensitivity and selectivity, which are consistent with the experimental results. It is an innovative approach to understand the chemiresistive gas sensing by evaluating the preference of charge transfer between the sensor and target gaseous molecule, which provides a new route to precisely design and develop the advanced sensing devices for the diverse applications.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 86: 153562, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nephrolithiasis is a common urinary disease with a high recurrence rate of secondary stone formation. Several mechanisms are involved in the onset and recurrence of nephrolithiasis, e.g., oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Vitexin, a flavonoid monomer derived from medicinal plants that exert many biological effects including anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects, has not been investigated in nephrolithiasis studies. Moreover, pyroptosis, a form of programmed cell death resulting from inflammasome-associated caspase activation, has not been studied in mice with nephrolithiasis. PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the protective effect and underlying mechanisms of vitexin in nephrolithiasis, and the related role of pyroptosis in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Mouse models of nephrolithiasis were established via intraperitoneal injection of glyoxylate, and cell models of tubular epithelial cells and macrophages were established using calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM). Crystal deposition and kidney tissue injury were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin, and von Kossa staining. Renal oxidative stress indexes including malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and catalase (CAT), were analyzed. The renal expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), gasdermin D (GSDMD), osteopontin (OPN), CD44, and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), and EMT-related proteins in renal tubular epithelial cells was assessed. Cell viability and the apoptosis ratio were evaluated. RESULTS: In vivo, vitexin alleviated crystal deposition and kidney tissue injury, and decreased the level of MDA, and increased the levels of SOD, GSH, and CAT. Vitexin also reduced the levels of the pyroptosis-related proteins GSDMD, NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, and mature IL-1ß, which were elevated in mice with nephrolithiasis, and repressed apoptosis and the expression of OPN and CD44. Moreover, vitexin mitigated F4/80-positive macrophage infiltration and MCP-1 expression in the kidneys. Furthermore, an in vitro study showed that vitexin increased the viability of HK-2 cells and THP-1-derived macrophages, which was impaired by treatment with COM crystals, decreased the medium lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, and inhibited the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in HK-2 cells and macrophages. Vitexin repressed EMT of HK-2 cells, with increased expression of pan-cytokeratin (Pan-ck) and decreased expression of Vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and downregulated the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Moreover, vitexin suppressed tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1ß mRNA expression, which was upregulated by COM in macrophages. CONCLUSION: Vitexin exerts protective effects against nephrolithiasis by inhibiting pyroptosis activation, apoptosis, EMT, and macrophage infiltration. In addition, GSDMD-related pyroptosis mediates nephrolithiasis.

5.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 6653295, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859719

RESUMO

Background: Cancer stem cells play an important role in endometrial cancer (EC). It is closely related to self-renewal and therapeutic resistance of EC. Methods: In this study, WGCNA (weighted gene coexpression network analysis) was used to analyze the relationship between genes and clinical features. We also performed immune cell infiltration analysis of a key module by using ImmuCellAI (Immune Cell Abundance Identifier). Then, key genes were verified in the GEO database. Finally, causal relationship analysis and protein-protein interaction analysis were performed in DisNor tool and STRING. Result: The mRNA expression-based stemness index (mRNAsi) is significantly lower in normal tissues and is significantly higher in individuals with stage IV or high-grade cancer and those who are obese or postmenopausal. Nineteen key genes (ORC6, C1orf112, RAD54L, SGO2, BUB1, PLK4, KIF18B, BUB1B, TTK, NCAPG, XRCC2, CENPF, KIF15, RACGAP1, ARHGAP11A, TPX2, KIF14, KIF4A, and NCAPH) that were enriched mainly in terms related to the cell cycle and DNA replication were selected by weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA). Based on the key modules, the numbers of NKT cells, NK cells, and neutrophils in the normal group were significantly higher than those in the cancer group. PLK1, CDK1, and MAD2L1, which were correlated with upstream genes, may be an regulated upstream of key genes. Conclusion: PLK1, CDK1, and MAD2L1 which were strongly correlated with upstream genes may be a regulated upstream of key genes.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896164

RESUMO

Nanocomposites containing FeS as catalyst and MoS2 as cocatalyst have been synthesized toward efficient heterogeneous Fenton reaction. The deposition of FeS nanoparticles in situ on the surface of MoS2 nanosheets creates strong contact between the two components and generates a large number of exposed Mo6+ sites and sulfur vacancies, which contribute to the enhanced degradation rate by accelerating Fe3+/Fe2+ cycling and ensuring rapid electron transfer. In addition, the MoS2/FeS nanocomposite catalysts exhibit the best performance at near-neutral conditions (pH 6.5), which solves the challenges in conventional Fenton reactions such as leaching of metal ions, the formation of iron slurry, and the need of adjusting solution pH. Further, the nanocomposite can maintain high efficiency after many recycling experiments. It is believed that the MoS2/FeS nanocomposite represents an efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst that can greatly promote the performance of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for solving practical environmental issues.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(4): 2047-2055, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742840

RESUMO

A pot experiment was carried out to study the impacts of five organic materials (rape straw, broad bean stalk, peat, pig manure compost, and biochar) on the availability of arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) in soil, the amount of iron plaque on the root surface, as well as the uptake and translocation of As and Cd in rice grown in an As/Cd co-contaminated yellow paddy soil. The results indicated that the application of organic materials significantly increased the contents of the soil organic matter and the yield of rice. The application of broad bean stalk, peat, pig manure compost, and biochar remarkably increased the soil pH, while the application of rape straw exerted no significant influence. The addition of organic matter reduced the available Cd content by 34.77%-82.69%. However, the effects of organic materials on the availability of As varied with the organic materials. The soil-available As content was significantly increased by the application of pig manure compost and biochar, while it was significantly decreased by adding rape straw and peat. The application of organic materials increased As and Cd contents in the Fe plaques on rice root surface by 28.49%-94.86% and 17.73%-151.03%, respectively. It also reduced the As and Cd contents in brown rice by 27.04%-82.51% and 15.87%-79.45%, respectively. The largest decrease was observed in the biochar treatment. The application of organic materials also remarkably reduced the translocation efficiency of Cd from the root-stem-leaf-grain and that of As from the stem to grain. The correlation analysis revealed that the soil pH, available Cd, and Cd content in the Fe plaques are the major factors influencing the accumulation of Cd in the rice grain. Furthermore, the soil pH, soil organic matter, and As content in the Fe plaques are the major factors influencing the accumulation of As in the rice grain. Therefore, it has been concluded that organic materials could influence the uptake and translocation of As and Cd in rice through changing the soil pH, organic matter content, and As and Cd contents in the Fe plaques.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Suínos
8.
Plant Sci ; 305: 110844, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691971

RESUMO

Hyperosmotic stresses represent some of the most serious abiotic factors that adversely affect plants growth, development and fitness. Despite their central role, the early cellular events that lead to plant adaptive responses remain largely unknown. In this study, using Arabidopsis thaliana cultured cells we analyzed early cellular responses to sorbitol-induced hyperosmotic stress. We observed biphasic and dual responses of A. thaliana cultured cells to sorbitol-induced hyperosmotic stress. A first set of events, namely singlet oxygen (1O2) production and cell hyperpolarization due to a decrease in anion channel activity could participate to signaling and osmotic adjustment allowing cell adaptation and survival. A second set of events, namely superoxide anion (O2-) production by RBOHD-NADPH-oxidases and SLAC1 anion channel activation could participate in programmed cell death (PCD) of a part of the cell population. This set of events raises the question of how a survival pathway and a death pathway could be induced by the same hyperosmotic condition and what could be the meaning of the induction of two different behaviors in response to hyperosmotic stress.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693880

RESUMO

Single cell chromatin accessibility assays reveal epigenomic variability at cis-regulatory elements among individual cells. We previously developed a single-cell DNase-seq assay (scDNase-seq) to profile accessible chromatin in a limited number of single cells. Here, we report a novel indexing strategy to resolve single-cell DNase hypersensitivity profiles based on bulk cell analysis. This new technique, termed indexing single-cell DNase sequencing (iscDNase-seq), employs the activities of terminal DNA transferase (TdT) and T4 DNA ligase to add unique cell barcodes to DNase-digested chromatin ends. By a three-layer indexing strategy, it allows profiling genome-wide DHSs for >15 000 single-cells in a single experiment. Application of iscDNase-seq to human white blood cells accurately revealed specific cell types and inferred regulatory transcription factors (TF) specific to each cell type. We found that iscDNase-seq detected DHSs with specific properties related to gene expression and conservation missed by scATAC-seq for the same cell type. Also, we found that the cell-to-cell variation in accessibility computed using iscDNase-seq data is significantly correlated with the cell-to-cell variation in gene expression. Importantly, this correlation is significantly higher than that between scATAC-seq and scRNA-seq, suggesting that iscDNase-seq data can better predict the cellular heterogeneity in gene expression compared to scATAC-seq. Thus, iscDNase-seq is an attractive alternative method for single-cell epigenomics studies.

10.
J Physiol Biochem ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788149

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle atrophy (SMA) is a dominant symptom induced by estrogen deficiency which can lead to severe health problems of postmenopausal women. Furthermore, estrogen deficiency has severely compromised the maintenance of muscle stem cells as well as impairs self-renewal and differentiation into muscle fibers. Resistance training is commonly considered as a positive and useful intervention in accelerating the rate of muscle growth. As one of the resistance training, whether the weight-bearing exercise can alleviate SMA induced by estrogen deficiency has not been investigated. The rats were divided into 3 groups randomly: sham group, ovariectomized (OVX) group, and weight-bearing exercise (WBE) therapeutic group. The weight that rats were loaded was 35% of their body weight, and the rats were trained by treadmill training (5° slope, 20 m/min, 30 min/day, 6 days/week) for 8 weeks. After training, the quality and strength of skeletal muscle of the WBE rats were improved; meanwhile, the cross-sectional areas of the skeletal muscle were also increased. Moreover, the WBE activated Akt significantly, upregulated the expression of mTOR, and downregulated the expression of MSTN and its receptor ActRIIB and FoxO1, respectively. The SMA phenomena of rats which induced by estrogen deficiency were prevented effectively via WBE, and the MSTN/Akt/mTOR and FoxO1 signaling pathway may be the predominant way in this improvement.

11.
J Gen Psychol ; : 1-12, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709883

RESUMO

This study is designed to investigate the mental health status of college students under the current coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and explore potential influential factors. We surveyed 1128 people including 435 medical students and 693 nonmedical students by a self-designed questionnaire containing general demographic characteristics, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The incidence of anxiety, depression, and perceived stress were 8.4, 22.7, and 42.9% among college students during the COVID-19, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed that sex, specialty, and Family conflict were all positively associated with SAS, SDS, and CPSS (p<0.05). Stepwise linear retrospective analysis showed that family conflicts and specialty were the influencing factors of SAS, SDS, and CPSS. There were significantly differences between medical students and nonmedical students in the frequency of SDS abnormality score (Z=-4.125, p<0.001) and the frequency of CPSS abnormality (χ2=7.836, p=0.005). According to the results, we can come to the conclusion that college students have different degrees of psychological problems during the COVID-19. Family conflicts and specialty were the influencing factors of anxiety, depression, and perceived stress.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(4): e25817, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet hospitals in China are in great demand due to limited and unevenly distributed health care resources, lack of family doctors, increased burdens of chronic diseases, and rapid growth of the aged population. The COVID-19 epidemic catalyzed the expansion of online health care services. In recent years, internet hospitals have been rapidly developed. Ping An Good Doctor is the largest, national online medical entry point in China and is a widely used platform providing online health care services. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to give a comprehensive description of the characteristics of the online consultations and inquisitions in Ping An Good Doctor. The analyses tried to answer the following questions: (1) What are the characteristics of the consultations in Ping An Good Doctor in terms of department and disease profiles? (2) Who uses the online health services most frequently? and (3) How is the user experience of the online consultations of Ping An Good Doctor? METHODS: A total of 35.3 million consultations and inquisitions over the course of 1 year were analyzed with respect to the distributions of departments and diseases, user profiles, and consulting behaviors. RESULTS: The geographical distribution of the usage of Ping An Good Doctor showed that Shandong (18.4%), Yunnan (15.6%), Shaanxi (7.2%), and Guangdong (5.5%) were the provinces that used it the most; they accounted for 46.6% of the total consultations and inquisitions. In terms of department distribution, we found that gynecology and obstetrics (19.2%), dermatology (17.0%), and pediatrics (14.4%) were the top three departments in Ping An Good Doctor. The disease distribution analysis showed that, except for nondisease-specific consultations, acute upper respiratory infection (AURI) (4.1%), pregnancy (2.8%), and dermatitis (2.4%) were the most frequently consulted diseases. In terms of user profiles, females (60.4%) from 19 to 35 years of age were most likely to seek consultations online, in general. The user behavior analyses showed that the peak times of day for online consultations occurred at 10 AM, 3 PM, and 9 PM. Regarding user experience, 93.0% of users gave full marks following their consultations. For some disease-related health problems, such as AURI, dermatitis, and eczema, the feedback scores were above average. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of internet hospitals, such as Ping An Good Doctor, illustrated the great demand for online health care services that can go beyond geographical limitations. Our analyses showed that nondisease-specific issues and moderate health problems were much more frequently consulted about than severe clinical conditions. This indicated that internet hospitals played the role of the family doctor, which helped to relieve the stress placed on offline hospitals and facilitated people's lives. In addition, good user experiences, especially regarding disease-related inquisitions, suggested that online health services can help solve health problems. With support from the government and acceptance by the public, online health care services could develop at a fast pace and greatly benefit people's daily lives.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6642584, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604381

RESUMO

Objective: The mechanism of peach kernel-safflower in treating diabetic nephropathy (DN) was investigated using network pharmacology. Methods: Network pharmacology methodology was applied to screen the effective compounds of peach kernel-safflower in the SymMap and TCMSP databases. Potential targets were then screened in the ETCM, SEA, and SymMap databases to construct a compound-target network. This was followed by screening of DN targets in OMIM, Gene, and GeneCards databases. The common targets of drugs and diseases were selected for analysis in the STRING database, and the results were imported into Cytoscape 3.8.0 to construct a protein-protein interaction network. Next, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed. Finally, Schrödinger molecular docking verified the reliability of the results. Results: A total of 23 effective compounds and 794 potential targets resulted from our screening process. Quercetin and luteolin were identified as the main effective ingredients in peach kernel-safflower. Furthermore, five key targets (VEGFA, IL6, TNF, AKT1, and TP53), AGE-RAGE, fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, IL-17, and HIF-1 signaling pathways may be involved in the treatment of DN using peach kernel-safflower. Conclusions: This study embodies the complex network relationship of multicomponents, multitargets, and multipathways of peach kernel-safflower to treat DN and provides a basis for further research on its mechanism.

14.
Ultrasonics ; 113: 106360, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561635

RESUMO

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) with an intensity (spatial average temporal average, ISATA) of 30 mW/cm2 has been widely proved to be effective on impaired bone healing, but showing little effectiveness in the treatment of osteoporosis. We hypothesized that the intensity of LIPUS may be a key factor in explaining this difference, thus two intensity levels, the widely used 30 mW/cm2 and a higher 150 mW/cm2, were used to simultaneously treat osteoporosis and osteoporotic bone defect in ovariectomized (OVX) rats with a 1-mm drill hole on their left femurs.Results showed that 150 mW/cm2 LIPUS augmented the healing rate of the drill hole than 30 mW/cm2 after 3-week LIPUS treatment, although did not further enhance the healing rate after 6-week LIPUS treatment. For ameliorating osteoporosis, 150 mW/cm2 LIPUS achieved more advantages over 30 mW/cm2 in improving bone density, microstructure and biomechanics 6 weeks after LIPUS intervention. In conclusion, LIPUS with an intensity of 30 mW/cm2 was sufficient to facilitate bone defect healing, but a higher intensity can be considered as a rapid trigger for osteoporotic bone repair. In addition, improving the intensity of LIPUS may be a potentially effective consideration for alleviation of osteoporosis, and the LIPUS regimen in the treatment of osteoporosis remains to be optimized.


Assuntos
Osteoporose/terapia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/terapia , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fêmur , Consolidação da Fratura , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 342, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) have become major but silent public health problems devastating women's lives in Bangladesh. Accurately and precisely identifying high-risk areas of RTIs through high-resolution risk maps is meaningful for resource-limited settings. METHODS: We obtained data reported with RTI symptoms by women of childbearing age in the years 2007, 2011 and 2014 from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. High-spatial Environmental, socio-economic and demographic layers were downloaded from different open-access data sources. We applied Bayesian spatial-temporal models to identify important influencing factors and to estimate the infection risk at 5 km spatial resolution across survey years in Bangladesh. RESULTS: We estimated that in Bangladesh, there were approximate 11.1% (95% Bayesian credible interval, BCI: 10.5-11.7%), 13.9% (95% BCI: 13.3-14.5%) and 13.4% (95% BCI: 12.8-14.0%) of women of childbearing age reported with RTI symptoms in 2007, 2011 and 2014, respectively. The risk of most areas shows an obvious increase from 2007 to 2011, then became stable between 2011 and 2014. High risk areas were identified in the southern coastal areas, the western Rajshahi Division, the middle of Khulna Division, and the southwestern Chittagong Division in 2014. The prevalence of Rajshahi and Nawabganj District were increasing during all the survey years. CONCLUSION: The high-resolution risk maps of RTIs we produced can guide the control strategies targeted to priority areas cost-effectively. More than one eighth of women of childbearing age reported symptoms suggesting RTIs and the risk of RTIs varies in different geographical area, urging the government to pay more attention to the worrying situation of female RTIs in the country.

16.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 164: 112076, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529879

RESUMO

Following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010, large amounts of biodegraded oil (petrocarbon) sank to the seafloor. Our objectives were to 1) determine post-spill isotopic values as the sediments approached a new baseline and 2) track the recovery of affected sediments. Sediment organic carbon δ13C and Δ14C reached a post-spill baseline averaging -21.2 ± 0.9‰ (n = 129) and -220 ± 66‰ (n = 95). Spatial variations in seafloor organic carbon baseline isotopic values, 13C and 14C, were influenced by river discharge and hydrocarbon seepage, respectively. Inverse Distance Weighting of surface sediment Δ14C values away from seep sites showed a 50% decrease in the total mass of petrocarbon, from 2010 to 2014. We estimated a rate of loss of -2 × 109 g of petrocarbon-C/year, 2-11% of the degradation rates in surface slicks. Despite the observed recovery in sediments, lingering residual material in the surface sediments was evident seven years following the blowout.


Assuntos
Poluição por Petróleo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Golfo do México , Hidrocarbonetos/análise , Poluição por Petróleo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Breastfeed Med ; 16(4): 282-291, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533688

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) benefits preterm infants' health through increasing breastfeeding, but the longitudinal effects of KMC remain unknown. This study investigates the impact of KMC on breastfeeding and health outcomes in Chinese preterm infants. Methods: A longitudinal randomized controlled study was conducted with 79 preterm infant-mother dyads. The KMC group (n = 36) was provided 2.5 hours/day KMC during the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization, while the control group (n = 43) received standard care. Infant's feeding regimens and physical growth were documented daily at NICU. Physical growth and Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment were measured at 40 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months of corrected age (CA). Breastfeeding outcomes were documented at 6 months of CA. Results: Compared with the control group, KMC infants received higher mothers' milk proportion during hospitalization (B = 0.16, confidence interval [CI] = [0.11-0.21]) and less feeding intolerance at discharge (odds ratio [OR] = 0.11, CI = [0.02-0.43]); and higher exclusive breastfeeding proportion (OR = 14.6, CI = [3.5-60.9]) at 6 months CA. KMC infants also had significant increased body weight and body length at hospital discharge; and more increases of body weight, body length, and head circumference in follow-ups. The neurobehavioral score was also higher in the KMC group compared to the control group over time. Conclusions: Longitudinal KMC effects are significant in promoting preterm infants' breastfeeding outcomes, growth, and neurodevelopment. Early initiation of KMC practice is highly recommended to the parent-infant population in Chinese NICUs to promote breastfeeding and developmental outcomes.

18.
Curr Drug Metab ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both clotrimazole and ketoconazole have been verified that they have an inhibitory effect on CYP3A4. hCE2 is an enzyme closely related to the side effects of several anti-cancer drugs. However, the interactions between hCE2 and clotrimazole and ketoconazole remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate and compare the inhibition behaviors of these two antifungal agents, ketoconazole and clotrimazole, on the human liver microsome hCE2 and to explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: The inhibitory effects were investigated in human liver microsomes (HLMs) using fluorescein diacetate (FD), N-(2-butyl-1,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-phenalen-6-yl)-2-chloroacetamide (NCEN) and irinotecan (CPT-11) as substrates of hCE2. RESULTS: Clotrimazole significantly inhibited the hCE2 activity, which was manifested by attenuated fluorescence when the substrates were FD and NCEN. The inhibitory effect of clotrimazole towards hCE2 was much stronger than that of ketoconazole, and the inhibitory behaviors displayed substrate-dependent inhibition. The IC50 value of clotrimazole with CPT-11 as the substate increased by 5 and 37 times than that with FD and NCEN respectively. Furthermore, the inhibitions of clotrimazole towards hCE2-mediated hydrolysis of FD, NCEN and CPT-11 were all in competitive mode with the Ki values of 0.483 µM, 8.63 µM and 29.0 µM, respectively. Molecular docking result of clotrimazole binding to hCE2 illustrated that clotrimazole could efficiently orient itself in the Z site cavity of hCE2. CONCLUSION: Clotrimazole displayed a strong inhibitory effect against hCE2, which might be used as a potential combined agent co-administrated with CPT-11 to alleviate the hCE2-mediated severe side effects.

19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 72, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: APETALA2/ethylene responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factors are a plant-specific family of transcription factors and one of the largest families of transcription factors. Ethylene response factors (ERF) regulate plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stress. In a previous study, the ERF2 gene was significantly upregulated in both resistant and susceptible tomato cultivars in response to Stemphylium lycopersici. The main purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the ERF family and to explore the mechanism of ERF2 in tomato plants resisting pathogen infection by the Virus-induced Gene Silencing technique. RESULTS: In this experiment, 134 ERF genes were explored and subjected to bioinformatic analysis and divided into twelve groups. The spatiotemporal expression characteristics of ERF transcription factor gene family in tomato were diverse. Combined with RNA-seq, we found that the expression of 18 ERF transcription factors increased after inoculation with S. lycopersici. In ERF2-silenced plants, the susceptible phenotype was observed after inoculation with S. lycopersici. The hypersensitive response and ROS production were decreased in the ERF2-silenced plants. Physiological analyses showed that the superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase activities were lower in ERF2-silenced plants than in control plants, and the SA and JA contents were lower in ERF2-silenced plants than in control plants after inoculation with S. lycopersici. Furthermore, the results indicated that ERF2 may directly or indirectly regulate Pto, PR1b1 and PR-P2 expression and enhance tomato resistance. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we identified and analyzed members of the tomato ERF family by bioinformatics methods and classified, described and analyzed these genes. Subsequently, we used VIGS technology to significantly reduce the expression of ERF2 in tomatoes. The results showed that ERF2 had a positive effect on tomato resistance to S. lycopersici. Interestingly, ERF2 played a key role in multiple SA, JA and ROS signaling pathways to confer resistance to invasion by S. lycopersici. In addition, ERF2 may directly or indirectly regulate Pto, PR1b1 and PR-P2 expression and enhance tomato resistance to S. lycopersici. In summary, this study provides gene resources for breeding for disease resistance in tomato.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(15): 19412-19423, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394443

RESUMO

The acceptance of combined pre-composting and vermicomposting systems is increasing because of the advantage in rapidly stabilizing organic wastes and reducing emission of greenhouse gasses (GHG). However, GHG emission during the pre-composting phase is often neglected when evaluating the system. This study aimed to quantify GHG emission from a combined pre-composting and vermicomposting system and to investigate the effects of earthworms on GHG emission. A combined system using Eisenia fetida was employed to stabilize maize stover and cow dung (mixing ratio 60:40). The inoculating densities were 60 (T1), 120 (T2), and 180 (T3) earthworms per kilogram of substrate. A traditional composting system without earthworms was set as a control (T0). The results indicated that earthworms increased CO2 while decreased CH4 and N2O emissions compared to the control. Higher emission of CO2 suggested that the earthworms promoted the degradation of the substrates. Lower emission of CH4 and N2O showed the advantage of the combined system because CH4 and N2O possess extremely higher global warming potential than that of CO2. T2 is recommended for stabilizing maize stover and cow dung when making a tradeoff between stabilization rate and reduction of GHG. The percentages of GHG emission during pre-composting relative to total GHG emission in T1, T2, and T3 were 34%, 35%, and 30%, respectively. GHG emission is non-negligible when using a combined system, especially the emission of GHG during the pre-composting phase cannot be ignored.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Metano/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo , Zea mays
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...