Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 957
Filtrar
1.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-8, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of comprehensive physical and mental nursing for patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) undergoing intravenous thrombolytic therapy and its impact on patients' quality of life and psychological state. METHODS: A total of 200 patients with ACI, admitted to our hospital between December 2018 and December 2019, were included in the study. They were randomly assigned to either the control group or the experimental group using a random number table. The control group received routine care (basic care such as monitoring vital signs, assisting with daily activities, administering medications, and providing comfort measures), while the experimental group received comprehensive physical and mental nursing (physical care, phsycological surpport, education and conceling). Various parameters including quality of life index (QLI) scores, mental status scale in non-psychiatric settings (MSSNS) scores, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) scores, self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, changes in hemodynamic indicators, and incidence of adverse events during intravenous thrombolysis were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The experimental group had higher QLI scores and lower MSSNS, SAS, SDS, and NIHSS scores compared to the control group (p = 0.33, 0.22, 0.35, 0.26, 0.042). The experimental group also exhibited a lower incidence of adverse reactions during intravenous thrombolysis (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Comprehensive physical and mental nursing for patients with ACI undergoing intravenous thrombolysis improves nursing efficacy, nursing satisfaction, quality of life, and patients' psychological state. These findings highlight the importance of implementing holistic nursing interventions to optimize patient outcomes in ACI management.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588652

RESUMO

In the context of "energy shortage", developing a novel energy-based power system is essential for advancing the current power system towards low-carbon solutions. As the usage duration of lithium-ion batteries for energy storage increases, the nonlinear changes in their aging process pose challenges to accurately assess their performance. This paper focuses on the study LiFeO4(LFP), used for energy storage, and explores their performance degradation mechanisms. Furthermore, it introduces common battery models and data structures & algorithms, which used for predicting the correlation between electrode materials and physical parameters, applying to SOH assessment and thermal warning. This paper also discusses the establishment of digital management system. Compared to conventional battery networks, dynamically reconfigurable battery networks can realize real-time monitoring of lithium-ion batteries, and reduce the probability of fault occurrence to an acceptably low level.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 276: 116296, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593498

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs), which are prevalent and increasingly accumulating in aquatic environments. Other pollutants coexist with MPs in the water, such as pesticides, and may be carried or transferred to aquatic organisms, posing unpredictable ecological risks. This study sought to assess the adsorption of lambda-cyhalothrin (LCT) by virgin and aged polyethylene MPs (VPE and APE, respectively), and to examine their influence on LCT's toxicity in zebrafish, specifically regarding acute toxicity, oxidative stress, gut microbiota and immunity. The adsorption results showed that VPE and APE could adsorb LCT, with adsorption capacities of 34.4 mg∙g-1 and 39.0 mg∙g-1, respectively. Compared with LCT exposure alone, VPE and APE increased the acute toxicity of LCT to zebrafish. Additionally, exposure to LCT and PE-MPs alone can induce oxidative stress in the zebrafish gut, while combined exposure can exacerbate the oxidative stress response and intensify intestinal lipid peroxidation. Moreover, exposure to LCT or PE-MPs alone promotes inflammation, and combined exposure leads to downregulation of the myd88-nf-κb related gene expression, thus impacting intestinal immunity. Furthermore, exposure to APE increased LCT toxicity to zebrafish more than VPE. Meanwhile, exposure to PE-MPs and LCT alone or in combination has the potential to affect gut microbiota function and alter the abundance and diversity of the zebrafish gut flora. Collectively, the presence of PE-MPs may affect the toxicity of pesticides in zebrafish. The findings emphasize the importance of studying the interaction between MPs and pesticides in the aquatic environment.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(14): 17483-17492, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556943

RESUMO

Interfacial metal-support interaction (MSI) significantly affects the dispersion of active metals on the surface of the catalyst support and impacts catalyst performance. Understanding MSI is crucial for developing highly active and stable catalysts with a low metal loading, particularly for noble metal catalysts. In this work, we synthesized LaRuxCr1-xO3 catalysts with low Ru loading (x = 0.005, 0.01, and 0.02) using the sol-gel self-combustion method. We found that all of the Ru atoms immediately above or below the metal-support interface are closely bonded to the perovskite LaCrO3 surface lattice through Ru-O bonds, enhancing the MSI via interfacial reaction and charge transfer mechanisms. We identified a variety of Ru species, including small 3D Ru nanoparticles, 2D dispersed Ru surface atoms, and even 0D Ru single atoms. These highly dispersed Ru species exhibit high activity and stability under dry reforming of methane (DRM) conditions. The LaRu0.01Cr0.99O3 catalyst with very low Ru loading (0.42 wt %) was stable over a 50 h DRM test and the carbon deposition was negligible. The CH4 and CO2 conversions at 750 °C reached 83 and 86%, respectively, approaching the theoretical thermodynamic equilibrium values.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1289022, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601937

RESUMO

Introduction: Understanding the response of cross-domain co-occurrence networks of soil microorganisms to phosphorus stability and the resulting impacts is critical in ecosystems, but the underlying mechanism is unclear in artificial grassland ecosystems. Methods: In this study, the effects of four phosphorus concentrations, P0 (0 kg P ha-1), P1 (15.3 kg P ha-1), P2 (30.6 kg P ha-1), and P3 (45.9 kg P ha-1), on the cross-domain co-occurrence network of bacteria and fungi were investigated in an artificial Leymus chinensis grassland in an arid region. Results and discussion: The results of the present study showed that phosphorus addition significantly altered the stem number, biomass and plant height of the Leymus chinensis but had no significant effect on the soil bacterial or fungal alpha (ACE) diversity or beta diversity. The phosphorus treatments all increased the cross-domain co-occurrence network edge, node, proportion of positively correlated edges, edge density, average degree, proximity to centrality, and robustness and increased the complexity and stability of the bacterial-fungal cross-domain co-occurrence network after 3 years of continuous phosphorus addition. Among them, fungi (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Mortierellomycota and Glomeromycota) play important roles as keystone species in the co-occurrence network, and they are significantly associated with soil AN, AK and EC. Finally, the growth of Leymus chinensis was mainly due to the influence of the soil phosphorus content and AN. This study revealed the factors affecting the growth of Leymus chinense in artificial grasslands in arid areas and provided a theoretical basis for the construction of artificial grasslands.

6.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602738

RESUMO

Cerebral small vessel disease is the one of the most prevalent causes of vascular cognitive impairment. We aimed to find objective and process-based indicators related to memory function to assist in the detection of memory impairment in patients with cerebral small vessel disease. Thirty-nine cerebral small vessel disease patients and 22 healthy controls were invited to complete neurological examinations, neuropsychological assessments, and eye tracking tasks. Eye tracking indicators were recorded and analyzed in combination with imaging features. The cerebral small vessel disease patients scored lower on traditional memory task and performed worse on eye tracking memory task performance compared to the healthy controls. The cerebral small vessel disease patients exhibited longer visit duration and more visit count within areas of interest and targets and decreased percentage value of total visit duration on target images to total visit duration on areas of interest during decoding stage among all levels. Our results demonstrated the cerebral small vessel disease patients performed worse in memory scale and eye tracking memory task, potentially due to their heightened attentional allocation to nontarget images during the retrieval stage. The eye tracking memory task could provide process-based indicators to be a beneficial complement to memory assessment and new insights into mechanism of memory impairment in cerebral small vessel disease patients.

7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308771, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477509

RESUMO

Endotoxemia-related acute liver injury has a poor prognosis and high mortality, and macrophage polarization plays a central role in the pathological process. Pregnane X receptor (PXR) serves as a nuclear receptor and xenosensor, safeguarding the liver from toxic stimuli. However, the effect and underlying mechanism of PXR activation on endotoxemic liver injury remain largely unknown. Here, the expression of PXR is reported in human and murine macrophages, and PXR activation modified immunotypes of macrophages. Moreover, PXR activation significantly attenuated endotoxemic liver injury and promoted macrophage M2 polarization. Macrophage depletion by GdCl3 confirmed the essential of macrophages in the beneficial effects observed with PXR activation. The role of PXR in macrophages is further validated using AAV8-F4/80-Pxr shRNA-treated mice; the PXR-mediated hepatoprotection is impaired, and M2 polarization enhancement is blunted. Additionally, treatment with PXR agonists inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced M1 polarization and favored M2 polarization in BMDM, Raw264.7, and THP-1 cells. Further analyses revealed an interaction between PXR and p-STAT6 in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, blocking Pxr or Stat6 abolished the PXR-induced polarization shift. Collectively, macrophage PXR activation attenuated endotoxin-induced liver injury and regulated macrophage polarization through the STAT6 signaling pathway, which provided a potential therapeutic target for managing endotoxemic liver injury.

8.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(3): e475, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463393

RESUMO

Senescence-associated microRNAs (SA-miRNAs) are important molecules for aging regulation. While many aging-promoting SA-miRNAs have been identified, confirmed aging-suppressive SA-miRNAs are rare, that impeded our full understanding on aging regulation. In this study, we verified that miR-708 expression is decreased in senescent cells and aged tissues and revealed that miR-708 overexpression can alleviate cellular senescence and aging performance. About the molecular cascade carrying the aging suppressive action of miR-708, we unraveled that miR-708 directly targets the 3'UTR of the disabled 2 (Dab2) gene and inhibits the expression of DAB2. Interestingly, miR-708-caused DAB2 downregulation blocks the aberrant mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activation, a driving metabolic event for senescence progression, and restores the impaired autophagy, a downstream event of aberrant mTORC1 activation. We also found that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation can upregulate miR-708 via the elevation of DICER expression, and miR-708 inhibitor is able to blunt the antiaging effect of AMPK. In summary, this study characterized miR-708 as an aging-suppressive SA-miRNA for the first time and uncovered a new signaling cascade, in which miR-708 links the DAB2/mTOR axis and AMPK/DICER axis together. These findings not only demonstrate the potential role of miR-708 in aging regulation, but also expand the signaling network connecting AMPK and mTORC1.

9.
Eur Urol Oncol ; 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Olaparib + abiraterone has a combined antitumor effect in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), but the efficacy of this combination in patients with DNA damage repair (DDR)-deficient mCRPC progressing after abiraterone is unknown. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of olaparib + abiraterone versus olaparib monotherapy for patients with DDR-deficient mCRPC progressing after abiraterone. METHODS: The study included 86 consecutive patients with DDR-deficient mCRPC progressing after abiraterone: 34 received olaparib + abiraterone, and 52 received olaparib monotherapy. DDR-deficient status was defined as the presence of a DDR gene with a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant (DDR-PV), or with a variant of unknown significance (DDR-VUS). We assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) using the Kaplan-Meier method. Potential factors influencing PFS and OS were compared between the treatment arms using Cox proportional-hazards models. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response, the treatment effect across subgroups, and adverse events (AEs) were also evaluated. KEY FINDINGS AND LIMITATIONS: Median follow-up was 9 mo. In the overall cohort, median PFS and OS were significantly longer in the combination arm than in the monotherapy arm (PFS: 6.0 vs 3.0 mo; hazard ratio [HR] 0.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.25-0.67; p < 0.01; OS: 25.0 vs 12.0 mo; HR 0.30, 95% CI 0.14-0.67; p < 0.01). PSA responses were significantly higher following combination therapy versus monotherapy. Combination therapy had significantly better efficacy in the DDR-PV and DDR-VUS subgroups, and was an independent predictor of better PFS and OS. AE rates were acceptable. The retrospective nature, small sample size, and short follow-up are limitations. CONCLUSIONS: Olaparib + abiraterone resulted in better PFS and OS than olaparib alone for patients with DDR-deficient mCRPC progressing after abiraterone. These results need to be confirmed by a large-scale prospective randomized controlled trial. PATIENT SUMMARY: Our study shows that the drug combination of olaparib plus abiraterone improved survival over abiraterone alone for patients who have mutations in genes affecting DNA repair and metastatic prostate cancer resistant to hormone therapy. The results provide evidence of a synergistic effect of the two drugs in these patients.

10.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 310, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521796

RESUMO

Wetlands play a key role in maintaining ecological balance and climate regulation. However, due to the complex and variable spectral characteristics of wetlands, there are no publicly available global 30-meter time-series wetland dynamic datasets at present. In this study, we present novel global 30 m annual wetland maps (GWL_FCS30D) using time-series Landsat imagery on the Google Earth Engine platform, covering the period of 2000-2022 and containing eight wetland subcategories. Specifically, we make full use of our prior globally distributed wetland training sample pool, and adopt the local adaptive classification and spatiotemporal consistency checking algorithm to generate annual wetland maps. The GWL_FCS30D maps were found to achieve an overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient of 86.95 ± 0.44% and 0.822, respectively, in 2020, and show great temporal variability in the United States and the European Union. We expect the dataset would provide vital support for wetland ecosystems protection and sustainable development.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , Clima , Monitoramento Ambiental
11.
Anal Chem ; 96(11): 4402-4409, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457775

RESUMO

The ultrasensitive DNA methyltransferase (Dam MTase) assay is of high significance for biomedical research and clinical diagnosis because of its profound effect on gene regulation. However, detection sensitivity is still limited by shortcomings, including photobleaching and weak signal intensities of conventional fluorophores at low concentrations. Plasmonic nanostructures with ultrastrong electromagnetic fields and fluorescence enhancement capability that can overcome these intrinsic defects hold great potential for ultrasensitive bioanalysis. Herein, a silica-coated gold nanostars (Au NSTs@SiO2)-based plasmon-enhanced fluorescence (PEF) probe with 20 "hot spots" was developed for ultrasensitive detection of Dam MTase. Here, the Dam Mtase assay was achieved by detecting the byproduct PPi of the rolling circle amplification reaction. It is worth noting that, benefiting from the excellent fluorescence enhancement capability of Au NSTs originating from their 20 "hot spots", the detection limit of Dam Mtase was reduced by nearly 105 times. Moreover, the proposed Au NST-based PEF probe enabled versatile evaluation of Dam MTase inhibitors as well as endogenous Dam MTase detection in GW5100 and JM110 Escherichia coli cell lysates, demonstrating its potential in biomedical analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Metiltransferases Sítio Específica (Adenina-Específica) , DNA Metiltransferases Sítio Específica (Adenina-Específica)/análise , Dióxido de Silício , Ouro/química , Metilases de Modificação do DNA , Escherichia coli , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , DNA , Sondas de DNA/química
12.
Ren Fail ; 46(1): 2330629, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494199

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute kidney injury (APAP-AKI) has turned into one of reasons for clinic obtained renal insufficiency. Magnesium hydride (MgH2), as a solid-state hydrogen source, might be potentially applied in clinical practice. The current study aimed to investigate the protective effect of MgH2 against APAP-AKI. The results showed that MgH2 improved renal function and histological injury in mice of APAP-AKI. MgH2 also had protective effects on APAP-induced cytotoxicity in HK-2 cells. In addition, the increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and expressions of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1ß) and pro-apoptotic factors (Bad, Bax, Caspase3, and CytC) induced by APAP were downregulated with MgH2 treatment. Furthermore, the expressions of molecules related to TXNIP/NLRP3/NF-κB pathway (TXNIP, NLRP3, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65) in renal tissues and HK-2 cells were enhanced by APAP overdose, which were reduced by MgH2 administration. Collectively, this study indicated that MgH2 protects against APAP-AKI by alleviating oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis via inhibition of TXNIP/NLRP3/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Magnésio , Estresse Oxidativo , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 2): 130795, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492696

RESUMO

The utilization of biomass-based conductive polymer hydrogels in wearable electronics holds great promise for advancing performance and sustainability. An interpenetrating network of polyacrylamide/2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan (PAM/HACC) was firstly obtained through thermal-initiation polymerization of AM monomers in the presence of HACC. The positively charged groups on HACC provide strong electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding with the PAM polymer chains, leading to improved mechanical strength and stability of the hydrogel network. Subsequently, the PAM/HACC networks served as the skeletons for the in-situ polymerization of polypyrrole (PPy), and then the resulting conductive hydrogel demonstrated stable electromagnetic shielding performance (40 dB), high sensitivity for strain sensing (gauge factor = 2.56). Moreover, the incorporation of quaternary ammonium chitosan into PAM hydrogels enhances their antimicrobial activity, making them more suitable for applications in bacterial contamination or low-temperature environments. This conductive hydrogel, with its versatility and excellent mechanical properties, shows great potential in applications such as electronic skin and flexible/wearable electronics.

14.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 48, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer stem cell (CSC) expansion results in tumor progression and chemoresistance; however, the modulation of CSC pluripotency remains unexplored. Transmembrane protein 120B (TMEM120B) is a newly discovered protein expressed in human tissues, especially in malignant tissues; however, its role in CSC expansion has not been studied. This study aimed to determine the role of TMEM120B in transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ)-mediated CSC expansion and chemotherapy resistance. METHODS: Both bioinformatics analysis and immunohistochemistry assays were performed to examine expression patterns of TMEM120B in lung, breast, gastric, colon, and ovarian cancers. Clinicopathological factors and overall survival were also evaluated. Next, colony formation assay, MTT assay, EdU assay, transwell assay, wound healing assay, flow cytometric analysis, sphere formation assay, western blotting analysis, mouse xenograft model analysis, RNA-sequencing assay, immunofluorescence assay, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction were performed to investigate the effect of TMEM120B interaction on proliferation, invasion, stemness, chemotherapy sensitivity, and integrin/FAK/TAZ/mTOR activation. Further, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis, GST pull-down assay, and immunoprecipitation assays were performed to evaluate the interactions between TMEM120B, myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9), and CUL9. RESULTS: TMEM120B expression was elevated in lung, breast, gastric, colon, and ovarian cancers. TMEM120B expression positively correlated with advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and poor prognosis. Overexpression of TMEM120B promoted breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and stemness by activating TAZ-mTOR signaling. TMEM120B directly bound to the coil-coil domain of MYH9, which accelerated the assembly of focal adhesions (FAs) and facilitated the translocation of TAZ. Furthermore, TMEM120B stabilized MYH9 by preventing its degradation by CUL9 in a ubiquitin-dependent manner. Overexpression of TMEM120B enhanced resistance to docetaxel and doxorubicin. Conversely, overexpression of TMEM120B-∆CCD delayed the formation of FAs, suppressed TAZ-mTOR signaling, and abrogated chemotherapy resistance. TMEM120B expression was elevated in breast cancer patients with poor treatment outcomes (Miller/Payne grades 1-2) than in those with better outcomes (Miller/Payne grades 3-5). CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals that TMEM120B bound to and stabilized MYH9 by preventing its degradation. This interaction activated the ß1-integrin/FAK-TAZ-mTOR signaling axis, maintaining stemness and accelerating chemotherapy resistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Integrina beta1 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina
15.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1374913, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510237

RESUMO

Introduction: The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants has presented a significant challenge to global health, as these variants show resistance to most antibodies developed early in the pandemic. Therapeutic antibodies with potent efficacy to the Omicron variants are urgently demanded. Methods: Utilizing the rapid antibody discovery platform, Berkeley Lights Beacon, we isolated two monoclonal neutralizing antibodies, 2173-A6 and 3462-A4. These antibodies were isolated from individuals who recently recovered from Omicron infections. Results: Both antibodies, 2173-A6 and 3462-A4, demonstrated high affinity for the RBD and effectively neutralized pseudoviruses from various Omicron lineages, including BA.4/5, XBB.1.16, XBB.1.5, and EG.5.1. This neutralization was achieved through binding to identical or overlapping epitopes. Discussion: The use of the Beacon platform enabled the rapid isolation and identification of effective neutralizing antibodies within less than 10 days. This process significantly accelerates the development of novel therapeutic antibodies, potentially reducing the time required to respond to unknown infectious diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Epitopos
16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116405, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tangshen formula (TSF) has an ameliorative effect on hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the role played by the gut microbiota in this process is unknown. METHOD: We conducted three batches of experiments to explore the role played by the gut microbiota: TSF administration, antibiotic treatment, and fecal microbial transplantation. NAFLD mice were induced with a high-fat diet to investigate the ameliorative effects of TSF on NAFLD features and intestinal barrier function. 16S rRNA sequencing and serum untargeted metabolomics were performed to further investigate the modulatory effects of TSF on the gut microbiota and metabolic dysregulation in the body. RESULTS: TSF ameliorated insulin resistance, hypercholesterolemia, lipid metabolism disorders, inflammation, and impairment of intestinal barrier function. 16S rRNA sequencing analysis revealed that TSF regulated the composition of the gut microbiota and increased the abundance of beneficial bacteria. Antibiotic treatment and fecal microbiota transplantation confirmed the importance of the gut microbiota in the treatment of NAFLD with TSF. Subsequently, untargeted metabolomics identified 172 differential metabolites due to the treatment of TSF. Functional predictions suggest that metabolisms of choline, glycerophospholipid, linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and arachidonic acid are the key metabolic pathways by which TSF ameliorates NAFLD and this may be influenced by the gut microbiota. CONCLUSION: TSF treats the NAFLD phenotype by remodeling the gut microbiota and improving metabolic profile, suggesting that TSF is a functional gut microbial and metabolic modulator for the treatment of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Fígado , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542485

RESUMO

The integrated dysbiosis of gut microbiota and altered host transcriptomics in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is yet to be known. This study investigated the associations among gut microbiota and host transcriptomics in young adults with IBS. Stool and peripheral blood samples from 20 IBS subjects and 21 healthy controls (HCs) collected at the baseline visit of an RCT were sequenced to depict the gut microbiota and transcriptomic profiles, respectively. The diversities, composition, and predicted metabolic pathways of gut microbiota significantly differed between IBS subjects and HCs. Nine genera were significantly abundant in IBS stool samples, including Akkermansia, Blautia, Coprococcus, Granulicatella, Holdemania, Oribacterium, Oscillospira, Parabacteroides, and Sutterella. There were 2264 DEGs found between IBS subjects and HCs; 768 were upregulated, and 1496 were downregulated in IBS participants compared with HCs. The enriched gene ontology included the immune system process and immune response. The pathway of antigen processing and presentation (hsa04612) in gut microbiota was also significantly different in the RNA-seq data. Akkermansia, Blautia, Holdemania, and Sutterella were significantly correlated with ANXA2P2 (upregulated, positive correlations), PCSK1N (downregulated, negative correlations), and GLTPD2 (downregulated, negative correlations). This study identified the dysregulated immune response and metabolism in IBS participants revealed by the altered gut microbiota and transcriptomic profiles.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/metabolismo , Multiômica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Firmicutes/genética , Imunidade , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
18.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1334109, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481996

RESUMO

Background: As a damage-associated molecular pattern protein, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is associated with kidney and systemic inflammation. The predictive and therapeutic value of HMGB1 as a biomarker has been confirmed in various diseases. However, its value in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between serum and urine HMGB1 levels and DKD progression. Methods: We recruited 196 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including 109 with DKD and 87 T2DM patients without DKD. Additionally, 60 healthy participants without T2DM were also recruited as controls. Serum and urine samples were collected for HMGB1 analysis. Simultaneously, tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1A (TNFR-1) in serum and kidney injury molecule (KIM-1) in urine samples were evaluated for comparison. Results: Serum and urine HMGB1 levels were significantly higher in patients with DKD than in patients with T2DM and healthy controls. Additionally, serum HMGB1 levels significantly and positively correlated with serum TNFR-1 (R 2 = 0.567, p<0.001) and urine KIM-1 levels (R 2 = 0.440, p<0.001), and urine HMGB1 has a similar correlation. In the population with T2DM, the risk of DKD progression increased with an increase in serum HMGB1 levels. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that elevated serum HMGB1 level was an independent risk factor for renal function progression in patients with DKD, and regression analysis did not change in the model corrected for multiple variables. The restricted cubic spline depicted a nonlinear relationship between serum HMGB1 and renal function progression in patients with DKD (p-nonlinear=0.007, p<0.001), and this positive effect remained consistent across subgroups. Conclusion: Serum HMGB1 was significantly correlated with DKD and disease severity. When the HMGB1 level was ≥27 ng/ml, the risk of renal progression increased sharply, indicating that serum HMGB1 can be used as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of DKD progression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Proteína HMGB1 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Biomarcadores , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo
19.
Chem Biol Interact ; 393: 110970, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513930

RESUMO

Liver regeneration after liver tumor resection or liver transplantation is crucial, the remaining liver frequently fails to regenerate in some patients. Oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound which has been shown to protect against various liver diseases. However, the effect of OA on liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx) is still unclear. In this study, the results showed that OA (50 mg/kg, twice daily) treatment induced liver mass restoration and increased the liver-to-body weight ratio of mice following PHx. Meanwhile, OA promoted hepatocyte proliferation and increased the number of BrdU-, Ki67-and PCNA-positive cells. Furthermore, OA increased the nuclear accumulation of PXR and induced the expression of PXR downstream proteins such as CYP3A11, UGT1A1 and GSTM2 in mice, as well as in AML12 and HepRG cells. Luciferase reporter assay and nuclear localization of PXR further demonstrated the effect of OA on PXR activation in vitro. Molecular docking simulation showed that OA could interact with the PXR active sites. Moreover, OA inhibited the expression of FOXO1, RBL2 and CDKN1B, and increased the expression of PCNA, CCND1 and CCNE1 in vivo and in vitro. Silencing of Pxr further confirmed that OA-mediated upregulation of proliferation-related proteins depended on PXR. The current study illustrated that OA exhibited a significant promoting effect on liver regeneration following PHx, potentially through regulation of the PXR signaling pathway to accelerate liver recovery.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia , Ácido Oleanólico , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Regeneração Hepática , Receptor de Pregnano X/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Hepatócitos , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fígado , Transdução de Sinais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172089, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554966

RESUMO

Both alien plant invasions and soil microplastic pollution have become a concerning threat for terrestrial ecosystems, with consequences on the human well-being. However, our current knowledge of microplastic effects on the successful invasion of plants remains limited, despite numerous studies demonstrating the direct and indirect impacts of microplastics on plant performance. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted a greenhouse experiment involving the mixtures of soil and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) microplastic pellets and fragments at the concentrations of 0, 0.5 % and 2.0 %. Additionally, we included Solidago decurrens (native plant) and S. canadensis (alien invasive plant) as the target plants. Each pot contained an individual of either species, after six-month cultivation, plant biomass and antioxidant enzymes, as well as soil properties including soil moisture, pH, available nutrient, and microbial biomass were measured. Our results indicated that microplastic effects on soil properties and plant growth indices depended on the Solidago species, microplastic shapes and concentrations. For example, microplastics exerted positive effects on soil moisture of the soil with native species but negative effects with invasive species, which were impacted by microplastic shapes and concentrations, respectively. Microplastics significantly impacted catalase (P < 0.05) and superoxide dismutase (P < 0.01), aboveground biomass (P < 0.01), and belowground/aboveground biomass (P < 0.01) of the native species depending on microplastic shapes, but no significant effects on those of the invasive species. Furthermore, microplastics effects on soil properties, nutrient, nutrient ratio, and plant antioxidant enzyme activities contributed to plant biomass differently among these two species. These results suggested that the microplastics exerted a more pronounced impact on native Solidago plants than the invasive ones. This implies that the alien invasive species displays greater resistance to microplastic pollution, potentially promoting their invasion. Overall, our study contributes to a better understanding of the promoting effects of microplastic pollution on plant invasion.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...